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MIRRORED HERE BRIEF OIU OF CUfIfiENT EVENTS Oil FOE PACIFIC SUM Condensed Resume of the Week’s Happenings Coveting Events of Interest from Nearby Places—Will Allow Rapid Scanning Rubidoux Amphitheater RIVERSIDE, April 27—Plans have been made public for an open amphi theater on the summit of Mt. Rubi doux to seat several thousand people. Yosemite Open to Autos WASHINGTON, April 27—Motor cars will be allowed to enter Yosemite August 1, making the last of the great national parks to be opened to auto mobilists. San Jose's New Charter SAN JOSE, April 27. —By a vote which was only about 30 per cent of the registration, San Jose has adopt ed a new city charter which is to embody a commission form of gov ernment with a city manager. Government Land Opened SEWARD, Alaska, April 27—Ru mors that the Alaska engineering com mission has decided to throw open to settlement the 60-acre terminal tract here, acquired by the government, has caused a stampede of squatters. Rich Ledge Found in Old Mine GRASS VALLEY, Calif., April 27 A new three-foot ledge of gold quartz, estimated to run hundreds of dollars to the ton, has been struck in the Black Bear mine in the Rough and Ready district. The mine is one of the oldest in California. Clam Limits Fixed SACRAMENTO, April 27.—A limit of 50 Pismo clams a day is fixed in a bill by Senator Campbell, signed by Governor Johnson. They must mea sure at least 12 inches around the outer edge of the shell. Restrictions on the taking of cockles and razor clams are included. Five Killed as Dam Breaks EUREKA, April 27. —Five men are dead and six injured following the breaking of a dam on Ort creek near Fort Seward. The men, who formed part of a gang of 116 section hands, were caught in an eight-foot culvert by the rush of water and swept into the Eel river. Southland Days at Exposition SAN DIEGO, April 27. —Seven days, May 7 to 15, have been set aside by the Panama-California exposition for cities and counties of the Southland. They are: May 8, Ventura county; May 11, Riverside county; May 12, San Bernardino county; May 13, Im perial county; May 14, Orange county, and May 15, Los Angeles county. Ordinance Has 12,000 Words LORDSBURG, April 27. —The mu nicipal government of Lordsburg promises to be unique, in that it will be regulated by a single ordinance if the program now being worked out by City Attorney Frank Seaver is ac cepted by the trustees at their meet ing next May. The ordinance will contain between 11,000 and 12,000 words. Biggest Citrus Week RIVERSIDE, April 27. —The biggest week’s shipment of citrus fruits for eleven months past was that of last week when 201 cars of oranges and 8 cars of lemons went east. In the week ended May 23, 1914, the top notch record of 213 cars was reached. Totals for this year are heavier in lemons and lighter in oranges than up to the same date a year ago. SOUTHLAND CROPS FACE NEW RECORD f LOS ANGELES, April 27 Prophe sying a return of at least $63,000,000 to Southern California in six products alone, crop experts announce that all records for big crops in the South land will be broken this year. Conditions, they say, are fine. Record high prices will prevail throughout the nation and this will aid in greatly enlarging the returns. In all crops they estimate more than $100,000,000 should be returned. C. Thorpe, manager of the Cali fornia Walnut Growers’ association, predicts 30,000,000 pounds of walnuts, calculated to bring $4,250,000 to Cali fornia. A citrus yield of 48,000 cars, calcu lated to return $30,000,000, is esti mated. Fully 50,000 bales of cotton, it is be lieved, will be produced in the Impe rial valley. More than 5000 cars of cantaloupes, selling at an average of $2.50 a crate, are expected. The probable lima bean crop is es timated at 1,500,000 bags, a record, and the blackeye beans at 450,000 bags. Beet sugar, it is believed, will bring fully $15,000,000 to Southern Cali fornia. And conditions are ideal, producers say. ARIZONA SOLONS IN SPECIAL TAX SESSION PHOENIX, Ariz., April 27. —The state legislature convened in special session to pass bills to provide for the maintenance of the state govern ment and to fix the tax rate, both of which failed of passage at the recent regular session. In a message recommending a short session Governor Hunt told the legis lators that prompt action was neces sary to relieve a serious crisis with which the state is confronted. U. S. MESSAGE ENDS TEUTON CONTROVERSY WASHINGTON, April 27 Presi dent Wilson’s note of rebuke to Count von Bernstorff, the German ambas sador, for his expressions regarding American neutrality, closes the inci dent. State department officials say the reply, upholding the dignity of the United States but refraining from giv ing offense to Germany, contains all that the government has to say and that the German ambassador can have no excuse for reviving the mat ter. It is confidently expected that no reply will be made to the note. The answer, while cordial in tone and giving Count Bernstorff “credit for laboring under certain false im pressions’’ regarding the attitude of the United States, says, among other things: “I regret to say the language your excellency employed in your memor andum is susceptible of being con strued as impugning the good faith of the United States in the performance of its duties as a neutral.” The German ambassador is also in formed that issues between the Unit ed States and Great Britain growing out of British interference with Amer ican trade are not to be discussed be tween the United States and Ger many. NEW GOLD STRIKE IN ALASKA YIELDS SIOOO DAY FAIRBANKS, Alaska, April 27.—A placer deposit yielding gold valued as high as $1635 a pan has been struck on Hammond river in the Koyuk dis trict, 65 miles north of the Arctic circle, according to authentic reports received here. The camp is in an almost inacces sible district 900 miles from Fair banks. The report, dated March 25, said two miners obtained one pan worth $1635 and another worth $1632 the same day. Average pick-ups of nug getts made in the bottom of their shaft in six days amounted to SIOOO a day, it was reported. Two others working a claim in the same district are said to have picked up nuggets worth S4OOO in six days. POTATO ACREAGE CONTEST BEING HELD BY THE STATE ACREAGE TO BE PLANTED RE DUCED FROM FIVE TO ONE Object of Congest Is to Educate, In crease Production, Improve Qual ity of Potatoes, and Produce Disease-Free Seed Stock SACRAMENTO, April 27. —Changes have been made in the conditions for the potato-raising contest inaugurated in California by State Horticultural Commissioner A. J. Cook. In a cir cular, Superintendent Cook says: “It has been decided to modify the plan for the potato prize. Some who desire to enter the contest find it impossible to plant five acres of pota toes, but can compete if the acreage is reduced to one, so this change has been made. The object of this prize is: First, to educate; second, to in crease the production per acre of po tatoes in the state; third, to improve the quality of the potatoes grown; fourth, to curtail the poisoning of the soil for potato production, and fifth, perhaps the most important, to aid in the production of disease-free seed stock, which is none too abundant anywhere in the United States. There is no reason why one acre may not yield as good results in every way as five, and the reduction in the acreage in securing more contestants for the prize will serve a better purpose. We hope to educate all the growers, so that no one will fail because of ignor ance. , “The contest should be a powerful eye-opener. Some of the growers last season secured more than 300 sacks of potatoes of 100 pounds each per acre from their plantings, w r hile others failed to harvest more than the seed. We aim at nothing less than that all the potato growers shall achieve suc cess unsurpassed by any at the pres ent time. “The contestants must use only vir gin soil, or soil where potatoes have never been grown, unless, forsooth, they know positively that the soil is germ-free. We are on a big hunt for potatoes that are absolutely sound. We wish them to supply seed for the entire state. Insurance that this is true will give potatoes a double value. We urge all contestants to use only clean §oil, to spare no pains to secure sound seed, and then by the best cul ture, ample irrigation and fertilization they may hope to win a prize and, what will be of far more worth, win reputation and a big price for the po tatoes, for all will be required for seed at an extra prrce. “It is so late in the season that it will be impossible to visit localities to inspect the seed before planting, but we desire to have sent to this com mission, either by express or parcel post, ten or twelve potatoes, all typi cal of the ones planted, for examina tion. All who enter the contest are requested to keep a detailed account of every particular—a full history of the land planted, of seed used, date of planting, and every detail of culti vation, irrigation and fertilization. Four contetsants have already entered the lists. We hope for many more, and must have at least ten.” HYDROAEROPLANE SETS NEW ALTITUDE RECORD PENSACOLA, Fla., April 27. —A new world’s record altitude flight of 10,000 feet in a hydroaeroplane was made here by Lieut. P. N. Bellinger at the naval aeronautical station. In one hour and twenty minutes Lieutnant Bellinger made his ascent, which, so far as official data shows, has never been equaled, and he took sixteen minutes gliding back to earth. Greater altitudes have been at tained by aviators in aeroplanes not encumbered with a boat. MANY IMPORTANT USES APPROVED BY MTU VOCATIONAL TEICHC MEASURE ACCEPTED IN SENATE BY II NANIMOUS VOTE-PROVIPES EOR TEACHERS’ INSTRUCTION Bill Creating Los Angeles County Flood Control District Passes Senate With out Opposition—sls,ooo,ooo Bond Issue is Proposed by It’s Advo cates —Jitney Bus Bill Among Many Others Approved by Senate SACRAMENTO, April 27.—The Stro bridge bill appropriating SIOO,OOO for the establishment of a system of voca tional schools in California, to equip pupils of the grammar schools with technical training to enter trades, was passed by the senate unanimously. Another bill, permitting school trus tees to provide normal courses to train teachers for vocational teaching, was passed. The Thompson bill voting $75,000 for an investigation of the tax situation was amended so that it shall include a report and recommendation on the amount of refunds that should be made by the state to the counties on ac count of the loss sustained through the withdrawal of railroad property from local taxation. A bill by Senator Thompson increas ing the salaries of the members of the board of control from $4,000 to $5,000 a year was passed. Bill Favors Veterans Time’s mellowing hand in putting the gray uniformed veteran of the Con federate army on an equal footing with the blue is given legislative recogni tion in a bill by Senator Scott passed today, which permits Confederate vet erans as well as Union, who are un able to otherwise earn a living, to ped dle or vend merchandise without pay ing any license tax or fee. An appropriation of SIO,OOO was voted by the senate for the expenses of a congressional committee coming to California this summer to investi gate plans for river and harbor im provements. The cadets of West Point are in vited to make their summer encamp ment at the Panama-Pacific exposition this summer in a resolution by Senator Scott, unanimously adopted. Flood Measure Passes A' bill jointly sponsored by Senators Benedict and Carr, creating the “Los Angeles county flood control district,” was passed by the senate unopposed. The district embraces nearly the whole county, and funds for flood con trol are to be used by a bond issue. It is said that advocates of the flood con trol system contemplate a $15,000,000 bond issue to provide adequate pro- BOSPORUS IMPREGNABLE, GREEK KING’S OPINION ROME (via Paris), April 26. —King Constantine of Greece is quoted by the Tribuna as declaring in an inter view his belief that it will be impos sible for the allies to force the Dar danelles without a combined attack by land and sea. His majesty is said to have declared that Greece is in the same position as Italy and other na tions. King Constantine, according to the Tribuna, asserted that Greeks all over the world would return home enthusi astically to fight for the fatherland if necessary, but the government must bring about, if possible, a peaceful re construction of the country’s finances. U. S. STEAMER SUNK BY MINE IN NORTH SEA BERLIN (via the Hague), April 26. — The American steamer Greenbrier, from New York, struck a mine in the North sea and sank a few hours after it left Bremen, according to word re ceived by United States Ambassador Gerard. Its crew is reported to have been saved. Mr. Gerard cabled a brief message to Washington, telling of the disaster to the Greenbrier. At the same time he took steps to obtain all possible in formation regarding the sinking of the American steamer. DARDANELLES’ FORTS BATTERED BY ALLIES’ WARSHIPS to •: _,. _,- :w.« Above—Forts on the European side of the Bosporus. Below—Part of an ancient fort guarding Constantinople. In the distance may be seen several Turkish warships. tection against the swift rising rivers and streams of the county. All insurance and surety agents are required to be licensed by the state insurance commissioner under a bill by Senator Benedict passed by the senate. The senate has passed the jitney bus bill, which taxes cars on the basis of $12.50 a seat a year. The semi monthly pay bill was thrown out upon Senator Sampbell’s discovery that it was unconstitutional. The anti-dice bill has been recommitted to the pub lic morals committee, where it is ex pected to die. The assembly passed a number of insurance hills, most important being that of Senator Benedict inhibiting re bates by life insurance companies to clients who carry big policies. The Strowbridge bill also passed, which places the registration of births and deaths in the hands of the -state board of health. Chamberlain’s bill requir ing five years’ practice of law as a qualification for superior judges now goes to the senate. Parties in interest have reached an agreement that the new license tax on automobiles shall be forty-five cents a horsepower instead of forty. The bill is now pending. Graduates from the law department of St. Ignacio college at San Francisco will be admitted to the practice of their profession without the necessity of passing a bar examination before the supreme or appellate courts, under the provisions of a senate bill which passed the assembly. Assemblyman Prendergast’s bill re quiring music teachers to register their qualifications with the secretary of state before being permitted to en gage in the teaching profession was voted down by the house, 7 to 61, after lengthy discussion. Agents and deputies of the office of state labor commissioners would be clothed with the powers of peace offi cers, with authority to make arrests in the enforcement of labor laws, by the terms of a bill by Assemblyman T. W. Wright, which received house ap proval. The bill now goes to the sen ate. DYE FAMINE ON; U. S. TO DRESS IN WHITE CHICAGO, April 27—White will be the fashionable color of dress through out the United States during the com ing summer and winter. Chicago dry goods dealers explain that this pros pect arises by dint of necessity created by Europe’s war. The supply of red cloth is practic ally exhausted and the amount of blue cloth, both in worsted and cotton fab rics, is becoming small. Inability to obtain “fast dyes” which are used almost exclusively in the manufacture of American cloth, prom ises to close the doors of the textile industry of the United States and within sixty days put 400,000 people out of work. LETTERS’ CONTENTS LEFT TO HONOR OF SOLDIERS LONDON, April 26. —In order to re lieve the hard-worked censor, soldiers writing letters home from the front are now being put on their honor as to the contents of their letters. A special envelope has been issued to the troops in the fighting line for this purpose. It is green in color and headed “On Active Service.” On the flap is this declaration, which must be signed by the writer: “I certify on my honor that the con tents of this letter refer to nothing but private and family matters.” U. S. EXPORTS BREAK ALL MARCH RECORDS WASHINGTON, April 27—March export trade broke all American rec ords. With a total of $140,969,347 as a net gain over past performances the figures climbed to a sum whicn has never before even been approached. Total exports for the month were $299,009,563 and the imports were $158,040,216. For the nine months ending with March, says a statement by the de partment' of commerce, imports have decreased from $1,401,844,183 in 1912- to $1,398,352,578 in 1913-14 and $1,213,671,843 in the current year. Ex ports, which receded from $1,908,058,- 373 in the first nine months of the fiscal year 1912-13 to $1,883,221,915 in 1913- have now reached the unpar alleled total of $1,933,475,580, indicat ing that the complete fiscal year may show a total of approximately $2,750,- 000,000. DECIDUOUS FRUIT OUTLOOK IS GOOD POMONA, April 27. —Adding its note of optimism to the long list of indica tions for bumper crops this season, the deciduous fruit outlook is exception ally good at this time, and the pros pects are for a greater yield of peaches and apricots than ever before in Pomona valley. Many orchards which were planted three years ago will bear this year for the first time. The blossoms are be ginning to show on many of the trees, and some of them are in full bloom. This is very heavy, and while it is early to be sure of the crop, the pres ent indications are' very favorable for a record-breaker. STOCK EXCHANGE SEAT IS SOLD FOR $59,000 NEW YORK, April 27. —Fifty-nine thousand dollars was bid for a seat on the stock exchange, an advance over the last actual sale of S9OOO. A few weeks ago memben»nips were of fered at $36,000 and several transfers were made below that figure, while the exchange was under enforced closure during the latter part of 1914. FOREST PROTECTION SYSTEM URGED BEFORE LEGISLATURE STATE FORESTER ISSUES NUM BER OF “DON’TS” FOR CAMPERS 1,810 Fires Reported During Last Sea son, Many of Which Might have Been Avoided if Rules Had Been Observed SACRAMENTO, April 27. —At pres ent there is a measure before the Cali fornia legislature seeking to provide for a forest protection system. Wheth er this measure becomes a law or not, it is essential that those who enjoy spending their vacation in the woods be familiar with the fire hazards which threaten their playgrounds every summer. During the last sear son there were 1,810 fires reported, and many of these could easily have been avoided. G. M. Homans, the state forester, urgently advises that all campers this season make and keep their camp sites as nearly as possible fireproof. Never go away and leave an open fire unattended if it is in the vicinity of brush and grass. Don’t forget that one moment of carelessness with a camp fire, cigar stump, lighted match or cigarette is apt to result in days of anxious and expensive fire-fighting. Never break camp without thor oughly extinguishing your camp fire. Remember that the genuine camp er, the skilled woodsman, is as care ful about building and putting out his fire as he is about feeding his horse and having gasoline in his automobile tank. Don’t forget that if you let a fire get away from you you have wronged the state and have subjected yourself to just criticism from your friends who now think you are a fine woodsman. Don’t hesitate to tell another when you think he is being careless with fire. If you find a beautiful camp site, try to leave it more attractive than you found it. TELEGRAPHIC NEWS IN J*ARAGRAPHS MM FROM NUMEROUS SECIWHS OF tOUIMMERES Dispatches Picturing Developments From the Out side World Stripped of Unnecessary Details and Presented in Brief Dampened by Florida Senate TALLAHASSEE, Fla., April 27 The senate has defeated the resolu tion passed by the assembly to sub mit a state-wide prohibition amend ment to the voters. Fleet Coming WASHINGTON, April 27. —It is an nounced that President Wilson would review the Atlantic fleet in New York harbor May 17; that not later than June 25 the fleet would start for San Francisco. 750,000 British on Firing Line LONDON, April 26. —War depart ment reports indicate that 750,000 British soldiers are in France on the firing line. Shortage of ammunition is hinted at by the order to all fac tories to increase their production. Federal Park Road WASHINGTON, April 27.—Secre tary Lane has accepted title for the Tioga road running straight across the Yosemite national park from Mono lake on the east slope of the Sierras to Sequoia on the west. Approve N. Y. - S. F. Wire Rate WASHINGTON, April 27—Western Union rates of 25 cents a word from New York points to England and 10 cents a word for ten-word telegrams, from New York to San’Francisco were declared “reasonable” in a ruling handed down here by the interstate commerce commission. U. S. Gets $20,000,000 Order NEW YORK, April 27. —An order for $20,000,000 worth of war material was received by the Baldwin Locomo tive works. The order is entirely dis tinct from the $65,000,000 order from Russia placed with the American Lo comotive company. Details of the Baldwin order have not been given out. Youth, 17, Invents Submarine Device NEW YORK, April 27.—Cecil El liott, a 17-year-old pupil at the Peek skill, N. Y., Military academy, has per fected plans for a special releasing device to be used in operating mines from a submarine. The device is for use on submarines operating in har bors where the submerged boat can approach its prey and then release a mine against its bottom. The mines are contained in special water-tight boxes. Italy Purchases Shoe Lasts in U. S. SAN DIEGO, April 27.—That his firm in Newark, N. J., had sold 3,000,- 000 pairs of shoe lasts to Italy, in preparation for that country’s en trance into the European war, was an nounced here by John F. Pell, million aire manufacturer of the Jersey town, “Just before I left the East,” said Pell, “we received Italy’s order. Both that country and Roumania are pre paring to take a hand in the great struggle, Australia is also buying heav ily in America in my line of trade.” Mules Cause Strike WILKESBARRE, Pa., April 27 Stubborn and unruly mules were re sponsible for a strike of 1,300 employes of the Lehigh and Wilkesbarre Coal company, which completely tied up the operations. The company issued an order direct ing the men to enter and leave one of the veins through the main gangway, instead of by outlets and cross-cuts. The miners objected to the order, de claring that they were compelled to carry dynamite into the chamber, and that because of the presence of “stub born and unruly mules in the gang ways our lives are endangered.” Officials of the company declined to rescind the order, and the men went on strike. TERRORS OF FAMINE WIDESPREAD IN CHINA WASHINGTON, April 27 Many are starving, others are committing suicide to escape the terrors of hun ger, and thousands are on the verge of starvation in the province of Szech uan, China, because of famine, accord ing to mail advices to the state de partment reecived from E. Carlston Baker, American consul at Chung King. The famine is due to a protracted drought, particularly in the region of Fuchow and of Chung Chow. “Many of the poorer people are al ready dying, and others are on the verge of starvation,” says the mem orandum to the state department. “The price of rice has more than doubled. Some of the people are so desperate they are eating roots and bark from the trees, and even clay, and others are committing suicide to escape the terrors of starvation.” It is believed conditions will not im prove until the next harvest in the summer, Consul Baker’s message stated. President Yuan Shi Kai is said to have authorized an expenditure of SIOO,OOO for relief of the sufferers. TEXAS FLOOD RECEDES AS DEATH TOLL GAINS * AUSTIN, Texas, April 27. —The state capital is a city of gloom. With its flood death list reckoned at fifty one more, and its discovered dead already forty-five, the city is planning for single funeral services for the identified victims. The waters are re ceding.