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cm or the WILDERNESS The following brief outline of the history of Arizan was delivered by Mrs. F. M. Hall at a recent meeting of the Woman’s Club of Parker. It is a vivid portrayal of facts well known to those who have ever lived in Ari zona, and will prove of interest to our readers: The call of the Wilderness —all who have been within the borders ot the Painted Desert region have felt it, and yet—what is it? At first the desert of Arizona seems to us but a vast, dreary wilderness of barren sand and sky, where not the law, but the land sets the limit of how far in to the heart of it man dares to go. It is a land full of dangers—danger of sunstroke from the scorching heat of the midday sun, of chill from the sudden cool of the nights, danger of thirst, of fierce thunder storms and blinding sand storms. Out of this sandy wilderness rise hills, rounded, blunt, burned, squeezed up out of chaos, chrome and vermillion painted. Between the hills lie high level-looking plains full of intolerable sun-glare, or narrow valleys drowned in a blue haze. Af ter rains water accumulates in the hollows of small closed valleys and, evaporating, leaves hard, dry levels of pure desertness that gets the local name of dry lakes. Where the mountains are steep and the rains heavy, the pool is never quite dry, but dark and bitter, rim med about with the effloresence of alkaline deposits. The sculpture of the hills here is more wind than water work, though the quick storms do sometimes scar them past many t year’s redeeming. Since this is a hill country, one ex pects to find springs, but not to de pend upon them; for when found they are often brackish and unwholesome, or maddening, slow dribbles in a thirsty soil. If one is inclined to wonder at first how so many dwellers came to be in the loneliest land that ever came out of God’s hands, what they do there or why stay, one does not wonder so much after having lived there. Arizona was first visited by the Spaniards in 1539, but it had Ion? been the seat of a race of nativer whose ruins of villages and fortifica tions still remain. The hostility o! these natives, the Indians, retarded settlement, and revolutionary dis orders in Mexico in the first half of the nineteenth century led to the abandonment of most of the mines and settlements, except Tucson and Tubac. At the close of the war be tween the United States and Mexico in 1848 the conquering flag was in possession of California and New Mexico, but between the rich mis sion-set coast state and New Mexico stretched many uncounted, unvalued, unmapped miles of desert and moun tain. It was a part of the United States, but not a dozen Americans had been beyond its borders. There were vague rumors of cop per, silver and gold in the mountains, but the only certainty seemed to be the fierceness of the Apaches, whose frequent uprisings greatly interfered with the development of the country. It was governed as a part of New Mexico until in 1863 President Lincoln placed his signature on the act that made Arizona an independ ent territory. Prescott was at that time made the seat of government, but it was later removed to Phoenix. With the extension of railroads into Arizona the growth of great mining centers and the opening up of irri gated lands, progress has been rapid. As a consequence demands for the admission of the territory as a state have been insistent, and in 1910 an enabling act was passed by congress and became a law. On February 14, 1912, President Taft issued the necessary proclamation which form ally declared Arizona to be a state. Arizona, a land of lost rivers, with little in it to love, yet a land that once visited must be come back to inevitably. Men who have lived here, miners and cattle men, will tell the stranger this, cursing the land but going back to it. In one part of the Arizona desert is that wonder of wonders, the petrified forest. On every side, lying about, are great stone trunks, pine trees of agate, and thousands of chips of amethyst, of red agate and of smoky topaz. The story of these trees of agate is but one of the wonder tales THE PARKER POST of the fairyland of the desert. Long years ago, so long that no man was on the earth to see the miracle, a giant forest reared its head upon the place where these trees lie. Then a mighty sea rushed in and covered the forest. Year after year this forest lay at the bottom of a sea which was full of mineral salts, until at last the decaying logs became petrified into solid stone. Then an earthquake heaved the bottom of the sea into the open air and bit by bit the rains of many seasons laid bare this wonder ful fairyland forest. None other than this long brown land lays such a hold on the affec tions. The rainbow hills, the ten der bluish mists, have a wild, elusive charm. We live a week or two in the desert, seemingly so fierce and relentless, and behold, the tender witchery of the land holds us fast, and when we go away it is not of the waste we think, of the storms of blinding sand, but we remember the rainbow hills, the bluish morning mists, the glorious colors painted on hill and sand by nature’s master painter, the desert air, that after a storm has swept it clean, is cool and crisp and intoxicatingly sweet —“the divinest, cleanest air to be breathed mywhere in God’s world.’’ And the nights—where else can be found mch nights? Surely it is in the si lence of the desert that one comes closer in touch with the Infinite than ‘ anywhere else on earth, and instead of being as is so often called, “the country God forgot,” it is God’s country, which man forgot, and is just beginning to remember and to appreciate. Some day the world will understand and its house-weary broods will flock to “The Land of Little Rain.” TAKES CHARGE OF POSTOFFICE. Mrs. M. E. Brown, who was re cently appointed postmistress of r Parker to succeed A. W. Bryant, who resigned some months ago, entered upon the discharge of her duties this week. Mrs. Brown is in every way qualified for the office, having ibly filled the position of deputy aostmistress under a previous regime ’■.o the entire satisfection of the pa trons of that office. James Gillen, who acted as “de- Jacto” postmaster pending the filling as the vacancy by Uncle Sam, ful filled the duties of that office very ■apably and the patrons have no kick ■oming apropos of his stewardship, in fact, James is a gentleman of envi ible versatility, capable in any emergency, discharging his duties with equal aptitude whether they be those of bank director, potmaster, grocery clerk or muleteer—it’s all the iame to him. Whether or not he could even bust bronchos is a ques tion, but while he might not have been put to the test of holding his physical balance on the hurricane deck of a bucking broncho, he is now holding his mental equilibrium against the conduct of a “bucking” gasoline engine at his water works, and that is ten times worse and more of it. WOMAN’S CLUB PROGRAM. The following program was rend ered by the Parker Woman’s Club at the Assembly hall April 6, 1918: Topic—“ Magazines.” Reading of the Pledge—Club. Song, “America” —Club, “The Value of Magazines in Small Centers"—Mrs. J. F. Raney. “Short Story Magazines”—Mrs. J. D. Mathews. Song, “Keep the Home Fires Burning"—Rose Nelson and Senia Fuqua. The Women’s Magazines and Their Many Departments”—Mrs. J. B. Flanagan. “How the Musical World May be Brought to Us Through the Maga zines”—Mrs. A. H. Littlefield. Music, “Comrades in Arms”—Mrs. J. E. Beck. Song, “Star Spangled Banner”— Club. COMPARISON OF AREAS. In vizualizing the conditions under which the European war is being fought, .it would be wall to appreci ate that Arizona, with about 114,000 square miles of area and 204,000 population, is just about the size of Italy, with its 35,500,000 people. Belgium has its 7,500,000 people tucked away within about the same area as Maricopa county. France is about the size of Nevada and Utah, Germany of Wyoming and Colorado. Autro-Hungary of Texas, and Europ ean Russia corresponds with the whole of the UUnited States west ward from a line drawn north and south through Kansas City. PARKER, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, APRIL 13, 1918 U. S. Must Cut Use Os Wheat by One-Half - ■ ■■ - ■■■ America Consumed 42,000,000 Bushels Monthly. From Now Until Harvest Must Use Only 21,000,000. RATION PER PERSON IS 1* POUNDS OF WHEAT PRODUCTS WEEKLY Military Necessity Calls for Greater Sacrifice Here—Allied War Bread Must Be Maintained—Our Soldiers and Sailors to Have Full Allowance. If we are to furnish the Allies with the necessary propor tion of wheat to maintain their war bread from now until the next harvest, and this is a military necessity, we must reduce our monthly consumption to 21,000,000 bushels a month, as against our normal consumption of about 42,000,000 bushels, or 50 per cent, of our normal consumption. This is the situa tion as set forth by the U. S. Food Administration at Washing ton. Reserving a margin for distribution to the army and for special cases, leaves for general consumption approximately iy 2 pounds of wheat products weekly per person. The Food Administration’s statement continues: Many of our consumers are dependent upon bakers’ bread. Such bread must be durable and therefore, requires a larger proportion of wheat products than cereal breads baked in the household. Our army and navy require a full allowance. The well-to-do in our population can make greater sacrifices in the consumption of wheat products than can the poor. In addition, our population in the agricultural districts, where the other cereals are abun dant, are more skilled in the preparation of breads from these other cereals than the crowded city and industrial populations. With improved transportation conditions we now have avail able a surplus of potatoes. We also have in the spring months a surplus of milk, and we have ample corn and oats for human consumption. The drain on rye and barley; as substitutes, has already greatly exhausted the supply of these grains. To effect the needed saving of wheat we are wholly dependent upon the voluntary assistance of the American people and we ask that the following rules shall be observed: 1. Householders to use not to exceed a total of 1% pounds per week of wheat products per person. This means not more than 1% pounds of Victory bread containing the required percentage of substitutes and one-half pound of cooking flour, macaroni, crackers, pastry, pies, cakes, wheat breakfast cereals, all combined. 2. Public eating places and clubs to observe two wheatless days per week, Monday and Wednesday, as at present. In addition thereto, not to serve to any one guest at any one meal an aggregate of breadstuffs. macaroni, crackers, pastry, pies, cakes, wheat breakfast cereals, containing a total of more than two ounces of wheat flour. No wheat products to be served unless specially ordered. Public eat ing establishments not to buy more than six pounds of wheat products for each ninety meals served, thus con forming with the limitations requested of the householders. 8. Retailers to sell not more than one-eighth of a barrel of flour to any town customer at any one time and not more than one-quarter of a barrel to any country customer at any one time, and In no case to sell wheat products without the sale of an equal weight of other cereals. 4. We ask the bakers and grocers to reduce the volume of Victory bread sold, by delivery of the three-quarter pound loaf where one pound was sold before, and corresponding proportions In other weights. We also ask bakers not to Increase the amount of their wheat flour purchases beyond 70 per NO PLACE LIKE HOME. Theodore A. Woodruff, after spend ing a week in Parker, returned to his mining claims near Empire Flat the fore part of the week. Mr. “Wood row,” as he is familiarly called, while not a “faddist,” in the common ac ceptance of the term, but a gentle man of letters or erudition, delights in the sublimity of nature, and ac cordingly lives as close to his ideal as possible by making his home in a tunnel on his properties. His. quar ters are surely all that could be de sired in point of comfort, and in case of a German aerial raid he w r ould be even distressingly safe from danger. His only company is represented by a number of civet cats, which insist on fraternizing and sharing his home with him, being probably prompted by the right of priority or respond ing to some ante-diluvial instinct. However that may be, Mr. Woodrow at first resented their familiarity, but when he learned that they were harmless little creatures and that they made common cause with him cent, of the average monthly amount purchased In the four months prior to March 1. 5. Manufacturers using wheat prod ucts for non-food purposes should cease such use entirely. 6. There Is no limit upon the use of other cereals, flours, and meals, com, barley, buckwheat, potato flour, et cetera. Many thousand families throughout the land are now using no wheat prod ucts whatever, except a very small amount for cooking purposes, and are doing so in perfect health and satisfac tion. There is no reason why all of the American people who are able to cook in their own households cannot subsist perfectly well with the use of less wheat products than one and one half pounds a week, and we specially ask the well-to-do households in the | country to follow this additional pro gramme in order that we may provide the necessary marginal supplies for those parts of the community less able to adapt themselves to so large a pro portion of substitutes. In order that we shall be able to make the wheat exports that are ab solutely demanded of us to maintain | the civil population and soldiers of the allies and our own army, we propose to supplement the voluntary co-opera tion of the public by a further limita tion of distribution, and we shall place at once restrictions on distribution which will be adjusted from time to time to secure as nearly equitable dis tribution as possible. With the arrival of harvest we should be able to relax such restrictions; Until then we ask for the necessary patience, sacrifice and co-operation of the distributing trades. against the intrusion of rattlesnakes, rats and other wouldbe but undesir able roommates, they were given the freedom of the place and became quite tame. “Contentment is better than riches,” and aside from the soli tude of his surroundings, which is not always an agreeable feature, Mr. Woodrow says he would not exchange his humble abode for one of the most palatial mansions west of the Mis sissippi. It’s “home,” and there is no place like it, NEEDLES GOES DRY. At the election held at Needles last Monday that city went dry. The vote was, dry 425, wet 34(j. majority dry, 79 votes. With the result of that vote the last city in San Bernar dino county and the final oasis in a vast desert region will close its sa loons on January 1, 1919. Then those who thirsteth will have to thirst on for righteousness sake with but little comfort in the hope of a reconstruction day • and a second coming of the “growler” in its glori ous majesty to rule the land. DAM THE COLORADO RIVER. This endorsement of the measure before the national congress, looking to the harnessing of the Colorado river comes from quite a long way from home. It is, nevertheless ex pressive of the fact that legislation seeking this end would benefit the en | tire nation, and directly benefit the ! vast arid regions of the southwest. Os course the darning of the Colo rado presents grave problems which I only the great engineers of the coun ] try can solve, namely that of taking ; care of the silt that flows in a large | volume with the waters of the river. An example of this menace is right at hand, within a half mile of Needles, or where the river was last year, threatening the Santa Fe’s protecting dike, is an expanse of rich silt ex tending probably a quarter of a mile ' into the river, as high as the land on j this side, which was deposited by the receding waters following the high i river of last spring. The Oakland Tribune comments on the possibilities of the measure as follows: “The measure now pending before Congress for the construction by the United States of dams and canals and other works to equalize the flow of the Colorado river ought to be urged to passage, for every dollar expended in such construction would add tens of dollars to the national wealth in, the industrial resources that would be created. “A waterfall created and harnessed is a coal mine saved. For ages the water of the Colorado river have been running unappropriated and unused into the Gulf of California. With those waters harnessed, cities can be lighted, railroads run, ores smelted and factories and forges supplied with electrical power and heat. “Water cannot be * conserved.’ The only way to store water Is to impound it in reservoirs. The power cau be extracted from it as it passes over the dam. The extraction of the power does not Injure the water for irrigation or ablution, or impair its wholesomeness as a beverage. The stream on its way to the sea can be darned as often as a damsite can be found. “Congress should be in favor of darning the Colorado river every few miles from where the Grand river empties into it down to the head of navigation above the Needles.”— Needles Nuggett. BIG HAUL IN BOOZE. Constable John Roberts, while in Wenden Monday, made quite a haul in booze which is going to cause somebody trouble as soon as the own ers of the contraband are apprehend ed. While at the Santa Fe depot in that town on that day, Mr. Roberts noticed some boxes, supposed to con tain dishes and mining tools, con signed to “New Wenden Co.,- Wen den, Ariz., care E. F. Murphy,” and shipped by E. F. Murphy from Los Angeles. The shipment weighed 990 pounds. As all the boxes seemed so carefully and securely nailed, the fact excited Mr. Roberts’ suspicion, and, after securing the consent of General Manager Drake of the Santa Fe company, one of the boxes was opened. It contained 72 pint bottles of whiskey, so carefully and securely packed in layers of sawdust that it would have been Impossible to break any of the bottles, even though the box were submitted to the roughest kind of handling. The whole con signment was accoridngly confiscated and held subject to the orders of the federal authorities at Phoenix, who were at once notified. “WIN WAR DAY” APRIL 6. As a fitting ceremony, on April 6, the anniversary of the declaration of war by the United States against Ger many, the national committee of patriotic societies proposes that this pledge be repeated by every person in the country: “I affirm my undivided loyalty to the cause for which we fight the cause of justice and human liberty. I gladly lay upon the altar of the nation’s need my material possessions, my bodily strength and my mental powers, to serve and to save America and those ideals for which it stands, and to keep the Stars and Stripes on high with honor. I pledge my hand, my heart and my life.” The day is termed “Win-the-War Day,” and various branches of the government will co-operate. The Liberty Loan button in its very simplicity is a symbol of de mocracy. It signifies a patriotic duty done and is an insignia of honor. Get yours early. LOGtL NEWS HAPPENINGS J. B. Flanagan, editor of The Post, went to Los Angeles Tuesday for a short visit. • • • W. M. Sublett and wife, auto tour ists from Douglas, stopped In Parker Monday last. • • • Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Norman were in from the American Eagle camp last Saturday and Sunday. • • • J. E. Beck drove the new Republic truck from Phoenix this week for the American Eagle Mining Company. • • • A social dance will be given at the Indian school this (Friday) night, for the benefit of the Red Cross. • • • J. H. Strohm had built this week a thatch canopy in the rear of hi* pool hall, for the benefit of his pa trons during the summer months. • • * FOR SALE—Weii equipped res taurant, doing good business; cheap rent; will sell cheap. Address J. N. Price, Bouse, Ariz. ♦ • * County Assessor A. B. Ming, who is food administrator for Yuma county, was in Parker Wednesday on business connected with that work. • • • Mrs. Chas. Carson and children, and Mrs. Adams, her mother, left for their home near Springfield, Oregon, after spending the winter here. Mrs. Carson left much Improved in health. • • • C. W. Graves left this week on a prospecting trip by auto. He will go up through California, headed to ward Oregon, and will be gone a month or more. SHADE TREES. The fruit and shade trees recently planted by Dr. A. H. Littlefield around his residence are all sprout ing splendidly and In a couple of years will afford a goodly amount of shade. Lee McGee, section foreman for the Santa Fe company, added this week several new r trees to the group in the depot park. Several umbrella trees recently planted by Henry Hol brook at his home on Arizona ave nue are growing rapidly. OFF AGAIN. Henry Holbrook left Tuesday last for “somewhere in California.” Henry is a property owner in Parker and a-very clever fellow, but the wanderlust has developed in him to such a remarkable extent that a so journ of six months in Parker this time was all he could stand, and he was off again. As a globe-trotter he has' out-distanced the “Wandering Jew,” and if that poor old “Sheeny” could now witness Henry’s traveling record he would no doubt turn over in his grave for shame and scratch for greater depths in his tomb. BOUGHT WATER WORKS. James Gillen bought this week the water works owned by Wesley Mar tin, and will personally conduct that business in the future. These works will supply the water to the town, as the Parker Improvement Com pany will devote its attention ex clusively to the manufacture of ice, and will no longer pump water for local consumption. The water from the Martin well, which is 155 feet deep, is of a superior quality, and un der the present management the peo ple of Parker will not only get good water, but efficient service. INDIAN CHILD DROWNED. Ramus, the little four-year-old sou of Meritt Lafoon, Indian, was drowned in a canal near the Toliday camp on the reservation last Sunday afternoon. > The parents, it appears, were visiting neighbors living near the canal and the child was playing about the grounds. Finally the lit tle one’s presence was missed and up on a search being instituted Its body was found in the canal, it having fallen in at a point where the water was about four feet In depth. Patriotism Defined. “Patriotism,” said Uncle Eben, “1* what makes a man glad he’s llvin*, proud of where he’s livin’, an’ able to explain why he’s livin’.” NO. 48.