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The home journal. (Winchester, Tenn.) 1858-188?, May 23, 1883, Image 1

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THE HOME JOURNAL.
VOLUME XXII.
WINCHESTER, TENNESSEE, MAY 23. 1883.
NUMBER 9.
HEWS GLEANINGS.
ftors tie rcma'rkably good all over
Ort 200 tons of iron are mined daily
..-i. it.
tje Pioeap pic crop of routh r londa
Iwki promising.
i uboe qnnntUy of iron ore rusts
i, Chilton county, Ala.
f hue deposits of iron ore have been
JiwTcredin Warrau county, Tennessee.
Richmokd, Vs., ha a population of
iiiW, being an increase of 7,000 time
M Jyxtwws iUrih' estate of COO
jc t Brannon, Miss., is now mainly
dcroted to PP" f nd oranges.
Tec Alnine iron manufacturing com-
,ijt his been organized in Taladega
I ' t.l .filtflA AAA
nUBty, Ala., wim a rapuai 01 v-ov,wu
OilTEKTOK, ii now the second cotton
Jitinthe country. The receipts for
' ' - oni (VIA l.1.
feaaon were oyviwv u.in,
i ooi.D vein baa been discovered a
Hme Cote, N. C, about four miles es
, HigbUndi-. Quart containing gol
lut In Urge quantities na also Deer.
Jkovered about two miles wet of
RlghUnd;. .
Set 0. A. Gi.azkbkook, of Macon
Oi.,hM received a check for $10,000
'run the Central railroad in settlement
a full for injuries received in an acct
kit 'tome time ago. Altogether Rev.
flliiebrook had received over $14,000
lion the road.'
The Florida Ship Canal Comprny hs
ttn formed, with a capital stock of
lfiO.000,000. Ex. Gov. John C. Brown,
topics or the day,
Thomah A. KtHKOff and others, repre.
sentlng a capital of $2,000,000, have
tiled papers with the Secretary of State
of. New York incorporating the Electric
Kailway Company of the United Htaten,
An English company have purchased
('0.000 acre iron lands in Kant Tenne?
nee. They supply a capital of $l,000,
000, and will erect furnaces at once,
giving employment to 300 men.
Paitf, the opera singer, has hern en
gaged to sing next teuton at n siiIkiv of
5XK) per night. At thone figures it
would seem as though she could get
along and support her husband and two
or three poodle dogs.
Thk new lajstal notes ' are to I live
and seveu-eight inches long, and three
and oneteight inches wide. All the
work on them is to be done in the bett
style, and altogether they will consti
tute a very handfiimc part of our cur
rency. A great deal is expected from the
building of the three steel cruiwr. It
is proposed to make them the 1M of
their class afloat good enough to com
tend on equal terms with anything that
England has built.
In the month of March the exports of
Baltimore were in amount 4,113,"jHS ;
of Charleston, t'J.SlT.OW; of Galveston
3,l-'8,4ai ; of New Orleans, 1I,031,!;;
of Norfolk, $l,6Gi,78H, and of Savannah
f.'V-2'J,i97. Over one-third of the en.
tire exports of the country hi March
jTinnHw is nrcsidonl of the Coin
. i V T T1...I. . M.i. I were from southern ports.
MV, 01 WniCO X)cn liuurr, jjiuuur, .
tViodom, John P. Jones and George C.
orham are members.
Eiohtt-eioht thousand young nhad
((replaced iu theNeuse river last week.
They were hatched at the State fish
poodi at Charlotte, N. C, from eg?
kiemht from A Voca. Just 100,000 eri
we sent up by Mr. Worth, so only IV
i failed to hatch.
iMuyu the notablcthings in Palalka,
lit,, is the first Tanganne tree ever
budded In that State. ' The bud was
itemed by Dr. Morangue before the
ir,ind from this comes all the k'd
rre oranges in Florida. The tree can
it (ten in bis grove, which is quite eel
tbited on that aocetwt.
A Montgomery special says: Ship.
intief cattle from Georgia aud this
action rtin continue. The Montgom
17 skippers for the New Orleans mar-
lot couldn't get transportation, the
Geurgiana being ahead of them. It is
Mtiniled that 8,000 went through here
tenth; from Georgia and about r,000
'm thU section of Alabama.
ii Savannah, Ga., Subscriptions ate
i foot now to raise funds for the erec-
tka of I splendid military' academy on
lot! of Forsyth Park. Tho amount
I 110,000 is already obtained. Hie
"tony will be leased by Mai.JBurgess,
tritciptl of the Savannah Military
tademy. It Is thought, the wort will
started In a few weeks, and the mul
ling will be completed in time for the
Wober session.
Euvht hundred head of cattle, fil'-
'Htwenty-oue cars, were shipped from
Albany, Ga., to Texas Saturday alter
. The animala were very poor gen
"ally and suffered intensely. Several
killed themselves in their frantic efforts
toetctpc while being driven onboaid
tMUiin. Several of the cars were
foobMecked for the calvea and smaller
-lock. Unless they Improve greatly on
topnrie grass in Texas, the venture
ill hardly be a profitable one to the
toiulgnees,
Ms,MYiu O-afkk Gaivkis the
ptaiDtlffla a suit just won against the
ty of New Orleans for nearly 12,000,,
.ii'itf elderly lady who has long
wi litigant for a large part of New
'wureal'efltate, and is one ot tne
peWcrlna women of modern
lint' But as she is well advanced in
?in now, and as her case must next go
to the United States supremecourt.it
to be feared that the claim will have
to to ejected, if collected at all, by the
t generation of heirs.
A ttsron almost as sad end ronia?:tU
JJMof Borneo and Juliet i,attached
"Otsen Mount, the well known eeroo
T ( Baltimore, Md. ' The pr.iperty
m ownea py jonn uiiver,
JHhy English merchant. His only
bMnfifnl mrl nt vpnT. WIS
Juiik McCi LLoroii, .hs bom in
Londonderry, Ireland, in 1837; Law
rence Barrett, at I'attemiii, N. J., in
1838; Mary Anderson in Sacramento,
California, in 18,'9; Mile, line
Biuseeh), S. I.; Clara Morris, in Cleve
land, O., in 1800; James K. Murdock,
in Philadelphia, in 1811 Nat. Good
win in Boston, in JS.17, and John A.
Ellsler, in I'hihidclphu in 122.
Fish Commissioner Pierce, of l'enn
svlvania, thinks that there is s great
deal of money wasted by tne Govern ¬
ment trying to stook with salmon and
bass streams which, by reason of the
clearing away of the forests and the
cultivation of the land, have become en
tlrclyunfit for such fish, their waters
having become warm and muddy. He
says the re-stocking of Mich streams is
misdirected labor and expenditure
wh ich is almost a total low." It is prob
able that Mr. Pierce is right, . Has and
salmon do not like muddy water. Carp
do not object to it, and hence carp cul
ture is the most profitable.
Krao, the Missing Link.
Tl... T.oii.lon Tlmrx mivs: A Htl'lillcri',
Imirv 1itl rn-iituro is now lieiiiR exhi
bited at the Royal Aquarium, Westmin
ster, by Mr. Fariui, as "the mining
link." Krao is not in tho ordinary '
.,.iai;.m nt I1 word a monster, but a
very migut-looking, iiui-ihk1 K'"
about aevt'U yearn of age. She wuh
caiiRlit, according to the account given
by Mr. Faiini,,in tne loresi own ii".
and brought ,to England by Mr. Curl
Buck, a Norwegian, w ho, since iue. cv)c-
dilioU described by him iu "Hie H.;ml
Hunters of Boiikh)," has I'ccn expioiuig
3inm and tho wilder States to the north
east. HouiinK in various quiii'tei of a
race of Imirv-tailed men, similar m ii
penrance to"a family kent Bt the Court of
Mandalar, lie offered a 'reward for thr.
ciipture of a Rpociroeu. A man was
caught, and with bim tho child now ex
hibited, and a woman of similar appear
ance then allowed herself to bo taken.
When the little one attempted to wander,
tho parents recalled her with a plain
tive cry, "Kra-o," and the call hss been
adopted as bor name. The father died
at Laos of cboleru, and the King refused
to let the mother go, imi .nr.. .
Ai)TI(R TO A BRIDEGROOM.
A Bit t Atlr I kit BUi k K.IUwcS I.
To become a husband is aa serious n
mutter to a man as it is for a woman to
In come a wife. Marriage is no child's
play ; it brings added care, trial, per
plexity, vexation, and it requires a great
leal of happiness which legitimately
springs out of it to make the balance
in its favor. Very few eople live hap
pily in marriage, and yet this is not l
cause unlmppiiicss is germane to this re
lation,;lmt because thoso who enter it do
not know, first, now to get married, and,
second, how to live married happily.
You have already mide your choice
wisely, I am bound to believe. These
qualities of character which have at
tracted yon to choose as you have, should
make your love grow daily while you live
together.
As to the second point : If you wish
to live in harmonius union ith your
wife, start out with that avowed recog
nition of the fact that she is your com
panion aud co-partner. Marriage usually
makes the wife neither of these, lii
many instances, she sees less of her hus
band than hefore she married him. He
comes, he goes, he reads, thinks, works,
and under the stimulus of business
brings all his powers and faculties to the
surface, and is developed thereby not
always symmetrically, 1ml vigorously
not always harmoniously, ,ut with in
creasing power. Married men do not
usually shrivel up or put on a look of
premature age, but women frequeutly
do, aud it is plain to mo why they do.
Married women are shut up in houses,
and their chief care is fur things that
have no inspiring influences. Their
time is taken up in meeting the physi
cal necessities of their families rooking-,
washing dishes, keeping the house in
order, sewing, reoeiviug company not
no of which has in it a tendency even
to culture and elevation. Married wr.
men are devoted to tho house, and this
means a life of vexation and pettiness.
It gives no sort of stimulus to the
spirit, tio tho husband, who is out of
doors, active, interested in -measures
which afl'ect the public good, coming
into contact with men greater than him
self, who inspire him to better puqxiHcs
and nobler ends of labor, develops into
manly beauty and grows iu character,
while bis wife at home, who has as faith
fully performed her share of tho work,
withers and decays prematurely.
Treat your wife exactly as yourself
would like to be treated if you' had to
live under her circumstances, and you
will not go far wrong.
Do not entertain the silly notion that
because she is of u difl'ereut
gender from your own that she . tlieie
fore different in her wants, teeliugs.
qualities and powers. Do not be the
victim of any social policy. Stand up
bravery for tiio right, give your wile a
chanro to live, grow aud lie somebody
and become something.
Try to be' thoughtful, ooiisideiale and
forbearing. You will have new duties,
and they will bring new trials. Take
good care of your health and hers. Be
simple, both, iu your habits; be careful
in your expenditures, l industrious. If
you keep good health and are frugal,
blessings will come from your united
love, anil you will grow happier and bet
ter day by day as the years pass.
Repremc Court Etiquette,
" I happened to drop in tho United
States Supreme Court the other day'
says a Washington letter writer, " and
there 1 met a Philadelphia lawyer. Ho
li.id in bis hand a tall hat, a small white
necktie encircled the whitest of collars,
and his general appearance suggested a
funeral. Aa tho gentleman (I dare not
name him ) is somewhat noted for his
fbisliv attire. I could not exactly miner-
stand what was the matter, especially as
he had no crape on his lint. Ho noticcu
nie eyeing him, and asked what was too
mntter. I told him ho looked more like
it Baptist preacher than ft Philadelphia
lawyer. 'Oh,' he answered quickly,
'it's this darn court. J nine uiesu
clothes, and at home I never wear any
thing but grays or airiK'A ..r
with bright neckties, but the last tune I
had a cose in thiscuurt, I was not allowed
to make mv argument because I wore
..!.... u,..wM,..i i-oiir ano rnwn.
nij.'ll r,.iv....'- .
.;i. ., i.inn neMttie. I was told that 1
" " - . . , ....
as not appropriately uresscu u p
pear '.H-fyre this court, and that i musi
w ear black clothes. I have another case
here now, so yon fi T am dressed m
this outlandish style, uui i bii.ui i'S"
this suit to my client, and when A get
home I'll have my wiio put u eso u
awav in camphor and mar uiem
. rv.i,-t " lTnon inniurv I found
Jay Could at the Play,
preme Court
what 1 never
knew before, that
the
ear
The
oyayminff win whniM nnly nntit-
liiiail-tan lav in ihfi
, T uuniVHU ' , ,
pal feud existed between
"2$itfWB stern father. They
r1 detinly and planned an elope-
ne lamer found u out, ana gave
obii servant to patrol the grounds
.M and shoot all trespassers. Pis
gd m nan'a clothing, the girl at
rt?Ctr. vraa shot dead tit
wLI Sl$&W ' Wcketj, her father
4ujTvSkwh),1Bi upon tho spot, and
ittrteiy proprty to tte tot
"? V tH. thai ho waa aittinj
rtZfw Ji'Pl enjoyintr hinwlf.
' i. " . . '.
ceeded in getting i lie cnim io ,'nurl forbids lawyers to weal
ri.. .,f tlm i-lnlil ai-e ame. dark, ana
matrons', the nose flattened, the nostrils
..i imwintr. the cheeks fat and
u lifco iIia Tower lin only thicker
!t..n i. iiriia! in Kuropeans; but tho
chief peculiarity apparent is the strong
and abundant hair. On the head, it is
black, thick, and strwgni, auu gio
- r.,nlinl down to the heavy eve-
uiri . , i.i ,-,
brows, and is continued in whisker-like
i..i.. a.. ... ii. rliceks. Tlierestof the
face is covered with a fine, dark, downy
l.:. a tun l,oiildrs and srms have a
covering of hairs 1mm an inch to an inch
and a half long. Thereis.it is said, a
alight lengthening of the lower vertebrie
suarestive of a caudal protulwance, and
?LlS.-.z.Ainiin the muscular confor-
1"Z:.Ja MWwise which will proveke
discussion. Krao has already picked up
. f. words of English. She is of a
frank, affectionate disposition, and shows
truly feminine delight in hefeldthe;
jewelry, ana nuouu
.,ati,. timv lip n hot as me re
gion toward which all of us sinners are
tending, but no grateful seersucker or
linen duster or white duck is permissi
e The nine obi duffers in easy
chairs may nod and noowflhw
vmi nmsi (iresi) iu
VI . ...i' i.i Vi.ri.o. for certain forma
and ceremonies are necessary and the
dignity of the Court must be main
tained. , .
... k atation master in Iiv
Jia'telearaphed two hundred miles to the
tnrr7authorities: ''Tiger jumping
."". '."i-.fa.rn. P -se telegraph m-
anoui on f---:- ti,0f-i,i
0 . "tt:.. : Hie TircseUoe of a
X?"1".! d . tvsiu might I
Edneated ror Servants.
N'orwegiau girls tnako excellent ser
vants. Ill their own COUniry .ut-,y mn
thoroughly trained at schools special y
for the nurnose. aud they only
receive a diploma or authority to work
when they have completed their course.
t- f them come to this country, aud
111 U LI T , m . " .
certainly those in search oi canipeiei
nam j -,-.,,11 intiAll
to consider tne expeaicuij o
about them. Scotch servau ts to., hau
such a good name in Kugland that many
people send touiasgow vn m. ......
1 .v ... .inn Kopinir them.
cage llloni wiuiuiiv --p . -- -
There is a good deal of similarity in tho
characters of the two nations, both aro
thriftv, industrious, ana geuoinj
ious, m addition to which they are ex-
1 ' i -ll- in 4l,o i- habits. Sctu
tremeiy .
York iiau.
Joe Howard, in the Philadelphia
TimiK, on the first performance of the
"Silver King," writes as follows;
Mr. Gould sat in one of the umwr
proscenium boxes. I hadn't siec!ally
noticed him until iu one of the affecting
episodes with which the "Silver King"
abounds, after I had for tho fifteenth, or
twentieth time taken off my glasses to
wie my eyes, I chanced to turn aud in
ft box saw what seemed a very curious
illustration of the text with which I bo
gan my letter. Ordinarily, in a box Mr.
(lould sits facing the stage, bis counte
nance rather shaded by tho curtains.
He is always accompanied by bis son
George a very bright fellow, by the
way. On this occasion Mr. Gould
loaned ou his elbow far over the rail, so
that bis head was absolutely bathed in
tho light from the big chandelier, and
followed with his restless eye the move
ments upon the stage. Presently taking
from his pocket a handkerchief, he
quickly rubbed his eyes and vigorously
Mowed bis nose. His son George, who
had been Bitting near him, ruse, resting
his back agaiust the partition, laid olio
hand upon bis father's shoulder, aud in
a very few minutes bis punqw begun to
work, as did those of au elderly gentle
man occupying tho box with them.
Now, that these three men in the no x
should lie crying is nothing very start-
ling, because I doubt if the re was n de
cent fellow in the entire auditorium nho
did not find his alleged heart in his
throat at least half u dozen times during
the progress of tho play, and the wo
men were in b continuously melting
niood ; but that Mr. Gould, who is black
guarded by at least half the pujiers iu
the country, who is supposed to have a
head of Hint and a heart of niarbln,
should join the weeping phalanx, I think
is a little curious, aud, to me, it was ex
treme1? interesting as indicative of a
phaso of the great financier's inner na
ture, f have been told by people who
aro near bim and who hsvo occasion to
know, that whatever may bo Mr. Gould's
scope of conscience iu dealing with Hulls
and Hears and other pecuniary lieasls,
who would teyr him to pieces if be did
not tear them, in his personal, domestic
and nfl'cctional relstious he is us tender
aud thought fid aud considerate ns a uiau
could well be.
A Dinner Parly.
English papers tell usan amusing story
of a well-known banker of Liege, Bel
gium. A short time ago he gave a little
dinner party to which ten guests had
been bidden, lieside himself and wife,
making twelve in all. They wero just
about to set down when in dropped a
friend from the Antipodes and invited
himself to dinner, thus making the fatal
number thirteen. The bunker, to pre
vent ill luck, nulled down-stairs to his
odice, found the cashier just, alxiut to
leave for the evening, dragged him up
stairs, fitted him with ft dress, coat, and
led bim triumphantly into the drawing
room amid the applause of bis relieved
guests, three of whom declared that
they would not sit down to the best din
ner ever served if there were thirteen at
InUe. At that moment tho bell rang,
and a note was brought for one of the
guests whose wife bad suddenly fallen
ill, and who consequently was unable to
remain. Thirteen again ! GUsim anil
despair; and the cashier finding himself
the Jonah of tho evening, volunteered
to depart. The banker saw bim down
stairs and was expressing his rojrrets
when joy ! the family doctor braved
iu sight. ' Him the host secured, ami,
happy in being able to offer the hosiiibdi
ties to bis kind-hearted, sorely-tried em
ployee, the three returned to the diaw-ing-room.
Dinner was ordered to la
placed upon the table, but, just an all
was ready, the hostess, who was iu deli
cute health, and who had been unduly
exeited by all the untoward events,
fainted deiid away, and had to lie put to
bed. Thirteen again! This time there
was nothing for the cashier bnt to go
and dine with what appetite he might at
tho nearest restaurant
drain and Meat In Europe.
In a paper on agricultural statistics,
road liefore the British Association, Mr.
W. Botly gnvo soiiw interesting facts
concerning tho food supply of (heat
Britain and the Continent, as follows:
",t uresont tho food supply produced iu
Europe is equal to about elevcu month's
consumption, but in a few years the de
ficit will be sixty instead of thirty days.
The present production and consump
tion are: G;ain consumption in tho
TJuited Kingdom, li()7,000,(KK) bushels;
Continent, i.VOl.OtlO.OOO; total o,H)l,
(XX) 000. Production of tho United
Kingdom. 1)32,0(10,000 bushels; Conti
nent, 4,7;W,000,000 bushels; total, 6,068,-
000. 000. Meat consumption in the
United Kingdom, 1.740,000 tons; Conti
nent, 0,!l7ii,000 tons; total, 8,112,000 tons.
It appouw that the bulk of the deficit be-
1. mou rireat Britain: but as the Conti
nent ia nimble to feed its own population,
we must in tho future look to somo
other hemisphere for the needful supply,
rather than to the supposed aurpltui of
Russia, Hungary, HoUand o Denmark.
Europe paid last year 35,000,000 for
foreign meats, and 85,000,000 for grain,
a sum equivalent to a tax of 10,000,000
per month. In the United Kingdom,
tho importation of meat, including cat-
tlo, naa risen as toiiows: 1000,
tons, value, 4,300,000; per inhabitant,
7 pounds; 1870, 144,225 tons; value, 7,
708,000; per inhabitant, 10 pounds; 1880,
650,300 tons; value, 26,i2,0O0, or 40
pounds for eacn uinaoitani.
GIRLS IX TRK KITCI1EX.
Il.w ) Urn! Hole Onrs TrJ to Help
Thrlr Mother.
"Minnie" wiitcs: "lam sixteen and
Iny sister is fourteen. Our mother is not
strong, and wo want to know just how to
go to work to do the washing some time
when she is away. She always washes
aud has us do the housework, and that
is why we don't know exactly how to
wash. But if wo did it once nicely, sho
would let us do it again, and thon sho
wouldn't got so very tired."
Minnie shows tho right spirit, and wo
gladly give her minute directions how to
proceed, Bays tho New York Tribune,
First gather all the clot Lea together and.
while the water is heating, sort them
over. Put all tho handkerchiefs into a
pail of water, and nil blood stains into
clear cold water, as soap sots them. Put
the finest white clothes in a pile by
themselves, the commoner clothes into a
pilo by themselves and the calicoes,
flannels and stockings likewise. You
can wash the whito flannels first, if you
choose, and the water in which they'are
washed will do to souk the stockings in
till you get ready to wash them. Flannels
should bo put into very hot sonp suds
ann wasneu, men put into scalding hot
water, with a little blueing in it, ami
when w rung from that they are hung on
Hie line to dry. The water 111 which they
are scalded will do for the first water to
wash the line cotton clothes in. Wash
the handkerchiefs from the clear water
ami put them in soap suds, put in also
tho collars, cuffs, shirts and nil tho
whitest of the clothes. Wash them out
carefully and put them into the boiler to
scold. While they aro scalding, wash
out tho next boile'rful, and so 011 till all
tho clothes hnvo been rublied out. As
fast ss the clothes aro scalded remove
them from the boiler and put in other',
adding clean water and soap as needed,
till all are scalded. They should not re
main iu the boiler long, or the dirt will
be set in them and they will be dingy.
Do not use water very much soiled to
wash in, or your clothes w ill nut be clear.
Keep the different sortings of clothes
separate all the way through, so the
white clothes will not be made dingy by
being mixed with those less whito. From
the boiling suds put the clothes into
clear warm water and wash out all the
suds, then put them into a clear rinsing
water, and then through a blii 'd water.
Have the clothes that need starching
separated from tho others and make your
starch, put them through it aud hang
them out to dry. Bo careful about
making slop while you are washing.
A careful Wiiiian can wash on u carpet
and not soil it in tho least. If you have
only tubs iinda washboard w ith a wringei
you can tin the worn wen. van all Hie
house cloths in your last suds am) have
them fresh and clean. Be sure and tur.i
the stockings nud wash them thoroughly
ou both sides, and turn such of the white
clothes as need it to be mado perfectly
clean. It is well to have a small bag.
an old pillow-case w ill do, to t ut the
collius 11 u 1 small things in when they
are boiled, so they won't gut scattered
slid torn, and so that they will be sure
to be rinsed through the clearest water,
When you can organize and conduct n
washing campaign 111 a regular and sue
cessful manner, you have bccoino ac
complished in one very important direc
tion. In lyinging out your clothes put
all the sheets together, the pillow slips,
tho shirts, night wraps, nnd so of the
rent. When they are dry fold the sheets
nicely as you take them from the line,
lay the pillow .lips one upon another,
the towels likewise, the starched clothes
all bv themselves, and so of the rest.
This will make sprinkling the clothes for
ironing an easy matter. Take in your
line aud put your clothespins carefully
in pluce. If your stockings are still
when they are Ilrv, it is a sign they urn
not washed clean, Stockings nud limine Is
can be folded so smoothly w hen taken
from the line as not to need ironing.
GOVERNMENT PROFIT ON COINAGE.
Ham L'urUna Furl Hrlnilni to I'm.
drrinrd Ottllgatlona ml lbs UcTtrntneat.
A cousiderablo source of profit to tho
United Htates Guvcruniont is tho amount
of paper money aud eoiu which is never j
presented for redemption. Much of this
is destroyed by tire. Home of it is buried
or hid iu places known to no person
alive. A large quantity of tho coin is
melted to niakesterling'silverwaro. Con
siderable amounts of both paer money
and coin are exported, never to return,
Not long ago a United Htates IkjiuI, is
sued aliont 181U, was prcsuntcd at the
Hub-Treasury in N.Y. City. Tho interest
011 it had ceased over titty years, It had
come back from Europe through. Baring
Brothers.
Tho outstanding principal of tho pub
lic debt of the United Htates last year
was nearly two billions of dollars, chn fly
represented by bonds and Treasury
notes. ,
It would be. of course, iuqiosHililo Is
say how much of this will never be pre
sented for redemption, but some idea
may be formed Irom the fact that J37,
filw of it was issued so long ngo that the
date is not recorded. It apiN iirs iu the
rejHirt aa "old debt" that may safely bo
pot down as profit.
there is an item "I 52,..o ot Treas
ury notes issued prior to iHtH. Home of
them were issued nearly hfly years ago,
and w ill not, in all probability, ever bo
presented for redemption. One thousand
one hundred and four dollars of tho Mex
ican indemnity of 184(1 has never liceu
aimed. Tho last of the fractional cur
rency was issued under tho act of Juno
ti, 18tVt, yet, although nearly twenty
years have elapsed, $7,0i7,7 has not
Is'cn presented for redemption. Nnuo
of this is held as a curiosity. Sonic ot it
is still used by banks and merchants for
transmitting small sums by mail. Hev-
era! New York bunks l.avo considerable
sums of new fractional currency which
they distribute for tho accommodation of
their customers.
As to the coin tno uovcmmciit De
rives a considerable profit from it. The
silver in 011.1 thousand silver dollars
costs, on an average about $S03.7.". The
coinage of a silver dollar costs aliout 1
cents. The total cost of 1.IKK) silver
dollars to tho Government is therefore
3810.25.
(Since tho organization of the Mint, in
17113, 127,l!H),til8silver dollars have la-en
coined, on which tho- Government has
received a profit of over twenty-tliieo (
millions of dollars.
Iu the samo tteriod $122,758,510 was
coined into half dollars. At the same
rate of cost for coinage tho Government
i.rolited Sl,.l,3,J5,7li'.l on these. The total
silver coinage of the Government since
1703 is $317,7flr,7U2. Estimating tho
profit on the halves, quarters, and sub
sidiary coins at the same rate as on the
dollars, tho total profit received by llio
Government on its silver coinage has
been aliout sixty-four millions of dollars.
Iu tho coinage of tho five-cent nickels
tho Government reserved to itself the
liberal profit of nearly 50 er cent.
This gave to tho Government last year
tho handsome revenue of over $100,000
from nickels alone. The wide margin
between the mtrinsicvaluo of I lie live
rent nickel and its face valuo led to ex
treme counterfeiting,
Several years ago an assay was made
of some of the counterfeit nickels, aud it
was discovered that tho counterfeiters
had put into their coins more valuable
metal than tho Government uses iu mak
ing tho genuine coins.
The IMamond ('(iiuilr.T.
A SwaxT. The Governor of Michi
insider hint
but a "publie sen
can toys that the title of his office it in-
am rn uiau?. n-
iclf ft "Gnveninr."
A College prank.
Ben Butler relates one of bis enllego
pranks in breaking up all abolition meet
ing. Wo students went itito the country
and paid an old farmer fifty cents to let
us catch in his bam all tho swallows wo
wanted. We got a down, or so, and on
the night of the meeting a number of us
were present, distributed judiciously
about the nsim, each boy with a swallow
in his pocket, Tho church was lighted
by old-fashioned chandeliers, holding
piich five or six whale oil lamps. At ft
given signal, when the services were
under wiiv. the swallows wero let loose,
nn.l almost in the, twinkling of nn eye,
out went the lights. The birds of course
-..i,i fi- the li.'bts. aud tho rush of air
pa11u.1l bv their wiuirs put out the lamps.
We kissed a girl or two, aud they of course
cin-i.-iiMl. All was commotion and con
fusion for a few moments. Then tho
moderator of the meeting demanding
1 that some unaccountoblu ac
I. ad out. out tho lights, but that
in., niidirnipii must sit nuiut and preserve
nr.W nnd the IlilllDS would BOOH be
licrMuil The snvlon hurried awav for
torch-there was no Inciter matches in
those days and presently he came into
church, holding it in front of bis face
.,.i l.lii, it with ouehand: tneswai
lows of course went for the light, and one
of them struck the caudle, knocking it
out of the old man's i hand and into bis
face. Ho tumbled back, gave a yell ol
fright, and gathering himself up. took to
hU heels, vowing there were , spirits there,
sure. The crowd, now- fnghteuod w
earnest, the students leading, got out of
the church in a hurry, A"f
meeting was at an unexpected and unex-
plainable end.
The Boil in the diamond fields of Africa,
w hen brought bitlio summit of the mine,
says Lady Florenco Dixie, i curled
away and strewn ou tho ground, w hero
it is left for a fortnight or three wwks to
pulverize in tho sun. At tne expiration
f this time gangs ot Mitirs superin
tended by awhile overseer, break tho
large dry' luni)s into jsiwder, and this in
turn is carted away to be placed iu tho
washing-machine. It is dnrii'g tho pro-
less of first lireaking mat somuoi mo
largest diamonds are discovered, and tho
overseer lias to Keep a siiarp iook-oih on
the workers in consequence. In spite of
tho terrible js'iialty incurred by any one
letected III the Bet ot secieling B gissi
find, thefts aro very rife, and many n
iamond finds its way lino wiur hwscs
sion ill spite of tho shaniest vigilance.
Durino thetiroccss of washing, tlio grav
elly BUbstouce, wlncn is tun ot gnnieis
na well os the diamonds, sinks to the
bottom of tho maehmc, whilo Uio enrtn-
rn Bitbst ftiieo iiisnpsara in stunner
channel. When it has been thoroughly
washed through two or three tiun s this
p-ravel is collected and strewn oil tables,
where searchers. with steel instruments
somewhat resembling very broad knives,
carefully turn it over iu minuto scarcu.
T1ii.ii itis that tho precious jewel is dis
covered iu all manner of awes and shaiies,
when it is placed in a Bmall troy, on
wliich another overseer keeps his watch
ful eye. I was given several little henps
of crave! to dissect, nud iu linlf an hour
Riieecedml ill discovering alxmttwen
ty or thirty diamonds of very (air siae
J . al,allAl Hint tlieV
id some bo utohv ?"tr . . , Vi
ad every appearance of having just left
A I unerai In Lumber Camp.
One of tho accidents so common in the
lutnlicr regions recently vlsitod the camp
at Kettle Creek, IVnn. Ono of the men
was watching tho slido where tho logs
came down to seo that they kept the
track whnn just aliova hitn a swiftly
moving log jumped tho track, striking
him and cmcing him to death instantly.
Ho was taken up und curri.td to camp ou
a hastily-improvised bier mado of pine
brunches, und was laid out in ono of thu
girl's rooms, and tho men talked over
what should lie done with him.
"IIo came from Miiue, aud hain't got
no relatives near here, as far I know,"
said tho boss, 'and I don't even know
what p'irt of tho Htato ho camo from.
All wo can do is to bnry him nnd adver
tise for Ilia family, to Bend his wages
away."
Bo it was decided to bury the man in
tho woods, with a great piue tree, uinlui
which ho had many a iiino eaten his din
ner, to mark tho place. A inftii was sent
to Germain's for a cofliii. and clumsy but
tender hands niado his lust Ix'd and per
foimcd tho necessary services for tho
dead comrade. Tho next day was set
apart for the funeral, and ono of tho
men, who had ix-cu a .Methodist ex-
hortcr, acted as chief in performing thn
last sod rites, which were singularly sol
emn and iniprcssjve, as everything of a
religious nuttirdfys awav iu tho silent
Mi xds, where Nature adds nil element of
solemnity unknown iu the most gorgeom)
caiiic.iriu.
Tho sermon whs short, and tho
speuker, in an impressive way, com-
mentett Qti tno iiiiuger oi i no me in tne
wissls aud tho s)H-cinl need for prepara
tion for sudden death. Hpcaking of the
deceased, ho said:
"He was not readv to die, nnd 1 would
wish you to leave off many ot his faults.
But there was much in bim that was
iiobl.uiud manly, aud thoso qualities w.i
will all do well to remember and emu
late. You cannot forgot ids cotirago iu
risking his life to savu a fellow on thn
jam last spring, when tho mad stream
was hurling tii'i logs around him, and
,' death seemed hidden in tho timber
where his crushed coinrado was strug
gling for life. And you all remember
his bravo action on tho binding, only a
month ngo, by which another life was
saved. We all have reason to admire
nnd lovo him, aud, rough as he was, I
hclicvo the future will deal kindlier Willi
him than with many who profess moid
and do less."
When ho siMiko of tho lives tho man
had saved, and painted n picture of his
rudo and bravely honest life, and iu ten
der words spoko of bis future life, the
strong men broke down, and one, whose
life had been saved, solilied nlotiil.
There were no dry eyes among them,
and every man wiis a friend and a
mourner. As they carried him to his
rcsting-placo under the old pine tree aud
each thiew a handful of earth into tho
grave, tears moistened the earth.
A Stock Experience.
Joaiitiin Miller relates his experience
in Wall street ns follows: I had seen
Western Union stock go down about
eighteen (mints and so bought ono hun
dred. It fell tlvo lower and I took n hun
dred more. Fivo points lower, I took
another, and so ou till I was getting
alarmed. I thought of a prominent
stock buyer who was under somo obliga
tions lo me, or at least a true friend, nud
so steppe. across from my hotel' to see
him. Ho was kind, quiet, nud purry as
n kitten, nlniost playful, and soon liegnn
to Miiut out on his maps the lino of his
new Atlantic, cable. Ho himself opened
the subject of telegraphs. The occasion
was opportune. 1 banded bim ft certifi
cate of purchase of Western I'n ion and
asked him what to do, as I was already
on the edge of my inargiss Ho looked
at the piiHr with a sweet and innocent
surprise, as if saying: "Only to think
Hint any man woiild touch Uio worthless
Western Union !"
" I' in so sorry you havo Isiught this
stuff. My telegraph i s tho other line,"
ho sig lied, nt length.
"Yes; I know. But I bought it be
cause I thought it cheap."
"It's cheaper now, Mr. Miller."
"And will Ik) cheaper."
"Well, we" looking nt his sou
"havo not n share of it, it ought to bo a
greftt deal cheaper."
"Then Isballselltwioelheaniouiit I hold
ami hedge. Thank you, nnd gmHl night."
And the next morning 1 did Bell sou
Tapeb Railroad Tbacks. Steti
manufacturers arc anxiously awaiting the
result of a trial of paper rails to be made
cf ft prominent Western road. Car
wheels of this material have long been in
use and Are reported to give satisfaction.
The rails are said to be made wholly of
.v.ner nulnsttbiectcd to a pressure wliich
renders it aolid as metal. It is claimed
flint the 'raver rails are not affetted by
ntmosphorio changes, that they are more
durable than sbH-l and that tney can be
manufactured lit vine-third less wml llmu
U'0H8 Ot steel.
Ftoorw. -The closing weeks of mi
will be long rememliered in Luropo on
account of the destructive floods iu some
of Z great, rivers. The Rhine , the
rkdue, the Moselle, aud Ihe Main have
overflowed their banks, causing consider
aide loss of hfo nnd B.t .Wim of
property. In Germany thero is much
SX. on account of the inundations,
aud pressing appeals are made for aid.
RonmosiA -"What is philosoiTy ?" It
U something which euabVs nnchiui.il
U r there uo disgtaoem being your,
a
the cutter's bands,
The Gentleman In Orcralls.
The Boston Trantcript ssys: He was
. gentleman who woro overa Is nud car
?igd a tin dipper pail. His clothe, were
,mreadv made and h s boots were not
symmetrical. He said
of nve nines ewu ..
work was trying. "Whylont you live
in the city?" "B'r:
;..t. Milesian iiroizuc u i muu "
city I should UBve to live in h icm-mmm
house You don't know the kind of peo
ple nho live there. They're a bad lot
in hrntich. eonerally. Bights go on uo
.,mm or child should eee. I waut to
suve my wife and children from seeing
corruption, so I moved out here. Got
nicrbt. BOOT 1"
And he left the car at the little cot-
tHge, whose inmates wore sheltered from
"corruption," aud was greeted with a
chorus of "Here's father," that showed
the Kontlemau with the dinner pad had
not lavished CHio without rweivuig
rcltuu in Wr,
iiihl niul left for tho whole bottom
seemed to lie falling out of Western
Union. It kept on tmuiuing, nun ny
noon I was oven. By one o clock, 1 was
not only even, but almost nun. l was a
richer man than I had ever been before.
I remained a rich tunu lnut thirly-fivr
minutes. Tho tide boga'u to set ngniust
me. Western Union bounded tip with h
rapidity that fairly made me dizzy nnd
by the time tho hummer fell iu theStocl
Hoard I literally hnd not car faro left.
Having plenty of leisure after that, 1
wrote down the foregoing conversation,
and have copied it exactly. I havo not
seen my dear friend, the groat stook
holder, sinoe. But I mid that at the
time he said ha had not a share rrf W
ern Union, lie ns.i "" ".
thousand shares, and was pick. off op
ih fast as he could knock it down.
Houor?
At a dinner parly the little sou of thf
host and hostess was allowed to come
dowu to dessert. Having had what lus
mother considered a sufficiency of fruit,
ho was told ho must not have nuy more,
when, to the surprise "I ev,?ry one '
U... ononis, he exclaimed: "U you dou t
e . -
give mo somo moro i u ten i wiuno....
he was suddenly aud Bwiltly removed
from the room, but ho liaa just iimo vj
convulse tho company by exclaiming:
"My new trousers nro mado out of ma s
old 'bed-room curtains !"
Every day tho papers tell of somo
man while out deer hunting being mis
taken for a deer aud shot, peresem.
bianco between a man and a. deer is ot
Brest, and it seems as f"fh11I1,"u
Liter could toll the noe unje
cannot distinguish a man from .
will be well for nuuH-n, w - u
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