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OME RNAL sink VOLUME XXIL WINCHESTER, TENNESSEE, OCTOBER 3, 1880. NUMBER 31. JOH GENERAL NEWS. Tub now cotton factory nt Birmingham will cover over four acres, i ost JTOO.fWO ami employ 500 operatives. Tho number of patents witheld for nonpnymcnt of tho final fees was 2,050; the nmnlior of patents expired was 7,171. Tho receipts from nil sourees was $1, 095,81; expenditures including j riming S377,fi28, urj)liut, $518,255. Increase in Ihc receipts over 1882, $155,01:0 The I'm It Coal and Coko Company, of Alalmmn, lnivo bought ten milling mu chiix'H and have them cutting coal in tho haft. Tliey will cut nlxnit 100 tons per day. Tho nmnlier of cavonts filed was 2, (W8; tlio mmilier of patent granted, in eluding reissues and designs, 21,185; tho number of tra lo murks registered win KI3- (lie number of 1 rials registered wrs C18; total 22,(iH(5, Arkansas DemiMTiit: There will lie a a considerable falling off in the cotton crop, hut the poplo run I ear it lunch bolter than they ioulri have done last year. They are more nearly out of debt and so aro better Jcualdod to "live at home." Vi'MMi tho past year ever a third of n milliru of dollars was received in the United Stalin land ofllco at Gainesville, Flu., mid lieni-ly a half n million acres of Inml wen? disposed of. There were also l,ff3 li mrstoad entries, mid the iniin heruf ri'sh entries was 2.1H1. A itaii orchard iu Thomas ecenty, fin., was Mild five jn.is ago f t JflfiO, It was next sold for tl,HX, the $(i50 hav ing 1 cen rwoverrd fit m eiittines in the meantime. A month iiftcnvard f'i.M'O wnsofleris.1 for it, and now it could rot bo iHHudit for $25X00. Tho lumber of applications awaiting action nn tho port of the office, July , 188.1, was 4,7'.)!), an' increase of 28 per cent, over 1882. Tim Commissioner My Hie ImsinoFS of the i flice is steadily andrnppidly inert i sing, but nearly two and i half Million dollars now stands to the credit of tho cilice in th.i Treasury. A man by the name, of Gitllinn, living near Low (lap, furry iinty, N. C. shilo quarrelling with n noighlior a few days ago, threw an ax at him, cutting his clothing slightly and killing his own child instantly. The ax leiiuiined in the child's herd fir snoal minutes in, til Ihoy got thr. ugh fighting. Mrs. Gallia i tho child's mother, became greatly exci ted, and it is fenred she, will die, AVnu.E lh'' amount of cotton consumed by Southern mills last year was only one sPAenth of the entire consumption in the United States, tho increased consump tion in tho United States was nearly 25 ler cent, of that for the whole c nntry thus allowing that tho southMs prcgress ing much moro rappidly iu cotton lnan nfnuliiring than tho North. JACKsoNvitii.K, Fla., is to have n pal met to factory. The machinery will all lie new, for tho meat part recent invent ions, and will consist of eight fibre inn- hiues, six machines for preparing tho lea' for mnttrasBs, etc., an immense, pal metto crusher, steam dyers and other ma chinery for rminufiiftiiring palmetto pulp and for rmvciling pine straw into fibre for tho upholsters, for mnttrnsscs, etc. Tho Commissioner of patents has Mili mitted ft report of the business of tho patent ollico for tho fis cal year ended. June !10. The report hds that the number of applications t r patents received was 112,815 tho num ber of applications for design patents re ceived was 1,038; the number of applica tions for ro-issuo of patents received was 217, tho number of applica! ions for the registration of trade-marks was 854; the Dumbo rot applications for tho registra tion of labels waB 740; total 35,734, as .against 30,720. ,' Ciiattanoooa Times: Considerable ap prchinsu n is cxprisicd by the press of tiie State as well as tho prominent stock "were at tho proviiilancj of murrain among tho cattle in certain sections. Tto disease hns mado its appearance in tmj localities, and is not confined to ujone grand division of the State. To 'fge extent the cattle raisers of tho State havo discorded tho old thorough bred scrub stock and havo expended considerable wealth and time iu improv ing their herds. Conscmtentlv an epi demic of this dread disease would be of '"Mlctilfthle injury to the State in a Anna ' cisl point of view. Macon Telcirranh: Tho Savannah Track farmers are investigating fruitcans establishments for the benefit of "CT association. Tbn iron solution of the truck quostion lies in this direction, latl (cason, experience, if it taught nny ftiig, taughttbat tnick is of too perish able a nature to bo shipped long distan at owner's risk. Tho demand for ""ned, fniita we are told, has nover 1)601 sully supplied, and should the sup Ply for, the time exceed the demand, towe is Uo danger 0f -tt giutted market pke cotton, canned fruit can bo held ,0' an active market, "Tiierh is no telling what a news paper reporter is going to say next," re- . osrks an exchange. And nobody feels this fact moro paiuMlv than tko re- Potter. sunday eve at sea. Bitting aluno at the Suimet hour, With my good ship moored In a foreign hay, Comes a lml lowed thought with memories fraught, Of the loved ones far away. Faces familiar upon me smile, While my hoart with the sweet remembrano swells, And I seem to hear the musio clear Of Jubilant marriage bells. Of marriage bells on a 8abbath day, In a beautiful village by the sea, When the world was bright, all filled with dollght, For my own Annie and me. A score of years havo passed slnco then, And I've anchored my ship in many a bay, But my loved ones, dear, ever seem more rear Tho farther I sail away. Moments there are when I may forget To think of one spot o'er the sea afar, Of the Joy and light of a homo mado bright By love, where my treasures are; But whenover tho Sunday evening comes, An J the waves aro fierce and the night is drear, Like angels of love, as if sent from above, My loved ones seem hovering near. I behold them, then, my treasures clear, As at this moment tliey como to me; For sail where I will their Images still My companions are at sea. Calm Ddks. The Irish Seer. Sipiire Ormbsy's pantry wns broken nto and robbed of n largo nmnunt of uluublo plates. Mr. Ormsby distrusted he police and publicity in 'these cases, and ins wifo prevnilcd on him to send for Patrick O'Kuflerty, tho village seer. That worthy came, mid heard the dory. IIo looked nt tho liuly and gen t toman, and his self-deception begiui to nozo out of him. To humbug his hum bio neighbors was not dillieult nor dan gerous, but to deceive and Undeceive and disappoint his landlord was quite another mutter. Ho put ou humility, and said this was a mutter beyond him entirely. Then the Squire was angry, and said bitterly, "No doubt he would rather oblige his neighbors, or a shopkeeper who was a stranger to him, than tho ninu whose hind had fed him and his for fifty years." IIo was proceeding in the snme strain when poor Pat, with that dismal whine tho merry sonl was subject to occasion ally, implored him not to murder him 'Uittreiy with, hard words; lie would do his best. "No mnn can (to more," said Mr. Ormsby. "Now, how will von proceed ? Can we render you any assistance?" rntnek said, humbly, ami m a down cast way, he would like to seo the place where the thieves got in. He was taken to tho pantry window, iml examined it inside and out, and all the servants peeped at him. "What next ? asked the squire. Then Patrick inwardly resolved to get n good dinner out of this business, how ever huuiilntiug the end might lie. "Sorr, said ho, "yo 11 have to givo mo a win nil to myself, and a romp-steak and onions; and after that your servants miiHt bring mo .threo pipes and three nints of homo-browed ale. Brewers' alt hasn't tho samo spiritual effect on a seer's mind." Whou the first pipe and pint were to go to him a discussion took place between the magnates ol tho Kitcnou wno should tako it up. At Inst tho but ler and the housekeeper insisted on tho footman tak ing it. Accordingly he did so. Alcantimo ratrieK sat in state digesting the irood food. Ho began to feed a physi cal complacency, and to defy tho future; ho only regretted that lie hud connncd his demand to ono dinner and tlircopots. To him in this frame of mind entered the footman with pipe and pint of alo as clear ns Maderia. Says Patrick, looking at the pipe, "That's tho first of 'em.'- The footman put tho things down father hurriedly and vanished. "Humph," said Pat to himself, "you don't seem to care for my company.' Ho sipped and smoked, and his mind worked. Tho footman wont to tho bntler with a scared face, and said, "I won't go ncoi him again; he said I was one." "Nonsense I" said tho butler : " I'll take up the next." ' . , . , no did so. Patrick gazed in his face, took the pipe, and said, sotto voce. "This is the souond ;" then, very re gretfully, "Only ono moro to come." The butler went away much discon posed, and told tho housokceper. "I can't believe it," said she. " Any. wv. I'll know tho worst." So in duo course she took up tho third pipe and pmt, and wore propitiatory smiles. "This is tho lost of 'cm," said Patrick, solemnly, and looked at the gloss. Tho housekeeper wont down all in flutter. "We aro found out, we are mined," said she. "Thore is nothing to bn done now but Yes there is ; we must buy him, or put the comothcr on him beforo he sees tho master." Patrick was half dozing over his last icon when he hoard a rnstlo and a com motion, and lo I three culprits on their knees to him. With that instinctive sa gacity which was his ono real giftso he underrated it -ce saia, wim u iwumuug RVfl ! "6ch, thin, you've come to mako a lnn brist of it. the throe Chrischin vor- tues and haythen graces that ye are. Ye mav save yourselves the troublo. Sure I know all about it" "Wo see you do. Y'are wiser than " niil the housekeeper. "But - . , sure yo wouldn't abuse your wisdom to rain throe poor bodies like us?" 'Toor I" cried Patrick. ."Is it poor ye -..II mwlves ? Yo ate and drink like tHiting cocks; y'are clothed in silk and pfush and broadcloth, and your wages s all pocket money and pm-raonoy. Yet ... ...... tbn man Unit feeds and VP lliuou " w. t1 ":" t it is truel" cried the butler. "He BPaief like priest," (aid fr? WOtnntl tlftll nlotiliA I rlnn'i lu 1ifr,1 mi us; it is all the devil's doings; ho tiniptod us. Oh I oh I oh I" "Whisht, now, and spake sinso," said Patrick, roughly. "It is not,1' "la it ineltod V" "Can you lay your hands on it?" "We can, every stiver of it, Wo in tinded to put it back." "That's a lie," said Patrick, firmly, but not in tho least reproachfully, "Kow look at mo, tho whole elan of ye male and faymule. Which would you rathei dohelp mo find tho gimcracks, everv artido of 'em, or bo lagged mid scragged and stretched on a gibbet and such like ihgant divaiaions?" They snatched eagerly at tho plank of safety held out to them, mid from that minuto acted under Mr. O'llafl'erty's orders. "i'etch mo another pint," was his first behest, "Ay, a doBcn, if yo'll do ns the honor to drink it," "To tho divil widyonr blarney Now tell tho master I'm lit his sarvieV' "Oh, murder I what will becomo of us ? Would you tell him, after all?" "Yo oniadhiiuns, can't yo listen at tho dure ai.d hear what I tell him V" With this understanding Squire Orms by was ushered in, nil expectation, "Yer honor," said Patrick, " I think tho power is laving mo. I am only ablu to see tho half of it. Now, if you plazo, would you like to catch tho thieves mid lose the Bilvcr, or to find the silver and uot (bid the thieves?" "Why, the silver, to bo sure." "Then you and my lady must go to mass to-morrow morning, and when you como back wo will look fur tho Bilvcr, and maybe, if wu li.nl it, your honor will give mo that little bit of a lease I've been wanting so long." "Ono thing at a time, Pat; you haven't found tho silver yet." At uino o'clock next morning Mr. nnd Mrs. Ormsby returned from muss, and found O'ltaffertv wailing for them nt their door. He had a long walking-stick with n shining knob, and informed them, very solemnly, tlint the prioht had sprin kled it for him with holy water. Thus armed, he commenced the search. IIo penerated into out-houses, nnd ap plied his stick to chimneys and fagots ami cold ovens, and all possible places. No luck. Then ho proceeded to tho stablo-yard, and searched every corner; then intc lio shrubbery; then into tho tool-house. No luck. Then on to the lawn, liy this tinio there whero nbout thirty at his heels. Disgusted at this fruitless search, Pat rick apostrophized his stick; "Bad cess to you, y'are only good to bum. Yfi kapo tinning away from every place; but yo don't turn to any anything whatever. Stop a bit I Oh, holy Moses ! what is thin V" As ho spoko, tho stick seemed to rise and point like a gun. Patrick marched in the direction indicated, and after a while seemed to bo forced by the stick into a run. He began to shout excited ly, and they all ran after him. Ho ran full tilt agaiust a dismounted water bar rel, and tho end of tho stick struck it with such impetus that it knocked tho barrel over, then flew out of Patrick's hand to tho right, who himself mado a spring the other way, and stood glaring with all tho n'st at tho glittering objects that strewed tho lawn, neither moro iu r less than the missing plate. Shouts mid seroamsof delight. Every body shaking hands with Patrick, who, icing a consummato actor, seemed daz zled and mystified, as ono who had snc Jccdod far bovond his expectations. To make a long story short, they nil -tettlod in their minds thnt thn thieves had been alarmed, and hidden tho jilrito for a tinio, intending to return and fetch it away. Mr. Ormsby took tho seer into his study, and gavo him ft piece of paper ntating that for a great servieo rendered to him by Mr. Patrick O'Hall'erty ho hod, in tho name of him and his, prom ised him undisturbed possession of tho farm so long as ho or his should farm it themselves, and pay tho present rent. Pat's modesty vanished nt the Squire V gate; ho bragged up nnd down the vil lage, nnd henceforth nobody disputed his seership in thoso pnrts. A neighbors estate, mortgaged np to tho eyes, was sold under tho hammer, nnd !ir Honry Steele bought it, and laid some of it down in grass. Ho was n breeder of stock. IIo marked out a park wall, and did not include a certain little orchard find a triangnlar pWit. Patrick O' lbiflerty observed, and ap plied for them. Sir Henry, who did his om business, received tho appli cation, noted it down, nnd asked lu'm tor a good reiereuco. no gavo oipure Ormsby. "I will mako inquiries," said Sir Henry. "Good morning." He knew Ormsby in London, nnd when ho became his neighbor the Irish gentleuinu wns nil hospitality. Ono dny Sir Honry told him of O'RnfTcrty's ap plication, and naked nbout him. "Oh," said Ormsby, "that is our seer." "Yonrwhnt?" "Our wiso man, our divinor of so crots; and some wonderful things ho has dono." Ho then related tho loss of his plate, and its supernatural recovery. Then Sir nenry said that he would put these pretensions to tho test. At his request Patrick was informed that next Thursday, at one o'clock, if ho cIiobo to submit to a fair test of his diviuing powers, the parcel of land ho had asked for should bo lot him on easy terras. . . Patrick assented jauntily. But in Ins secret soul ho felt uneasy. However, he camo up to the scratch liko a man. After nil, he hod nothing to lose this time, nnd ho vowed to sub mit to no test that was not preceded by a good dinner. Ho was ushered into Sir Henry Steele's study, and there ho found that gentleman and Mr. Ormsby. Ono comfort, there was a cloth laid, and certain silver dishes on the hobs and in thefendor. "Well, Mr. O'Rafterty," said his host, "I believe you liko a good dinner?" "Thrne for you, sorr," said Pat. "Well, then, we can combine business with pleasure ; you shall have a good dinner." "Long life to your honor j" "I cooked it for you my'iicit.'1 "God bless your honor for your con- deseinsiou." "You aro to ent tho dinner fir-d, and then just tell mo whnt tho meat in, ond tho parcel of hind la yours on ca.-j-termsi" ' rntriek'i confidence rose. "Slue, thin, it is a fair bargain," sold ho. Tho dishes were uncovered, there were vegetables cooked most dclicionsly; tho meat wns n chef-d'imvrt; a sort id rich ragout done to a turn, and eo fra frrant thut the very odor made the mouth water. Patrick seated himself, nnd helped himself, and tootj ft tiiiltlthrnl; thai mouthful had ft double ofiVcl. lio real ized iu ono and tho siiino moment that this was n more heavenly compound than he had ever expected to taste upon earth, and that he cmild not and never should divine what bird or '.'east lio Was eating, lie looked for tho bones; thero were nine, lie yielded himself to desicrato 'hioymeut, When he had nearly cleaned l.'ii! plate ho said that even tlio best 'ookod meat was none the worso for a I'lin t of good alo to wash it down. Sir Henry Steele rang n bell and or- li'ird a quart of nle. Patrick enjoyed this too, and did not imry; be felt 'it was his lost diulier in i hat house, as well as his first. The gentlemen watched him nnd gave in time. But nt last Ormsby said, "Well, Patrick-." Now Patrick, whilst ho sipped, had "en asking himself what lino ho had oettcr take; and ho had como to a con clusion creditable to that sagacity and knowledge of human nature ho really ll'ISSCSHcd Rllll llllllerriileil nivtr,lili,rlv IIo would compliment the gentlemen on their superior wisdom, and own he could not throw dust iu such eyes ax theirs: I hen ho would l)eg them not to make hih humble neighbors as wiso ns they were; but let him still pass fur a wiso man iu the parish, whilst they laughed in their superior sleeves. To carry out this ho impregnated ins lirnzen matures with world of comic humility. "And," said he, in cnjoling accents, "ah, your honors, tlio old fox uiaiU many a turn, hut tho dogs were too many for him at lust." What more of self-depreciation and ca jnlcry he .would have added is not known, fur Sir Henry Htee'e broke in loudly, '(lood heavens I Well, ho is an extra ordinary mnn. It was an old dog-fox 1 eiiokcd for him." "Didn't I tell you?" cried Onm-by. delighted at the success of his com i try. man. "Well, sir," said Sir Henry, whose emotions seldom lasted long, "n bargain's i bargain. I let you tho orchard and Held for let me see yon must bring me a stoat, a weasel, and ft polecat every year. I mean to get np tho game." Mr. OTliuTcrty first stared stupidly, then winked cunningly, then blandly absorbed laudation and land; then retired invoking solemn blessings; I hen, being outside., executed n tan dango, nnd wont homo on wings; from that hour tho village could not hold him. nis speech was of acciiniuhiliiig farms on peppercorn rents, till a slice of of the country should bo his. To bear him, ho could see through ft deal board, and luck was his monopoly. He be;;an to be envied, nnd was on the way to be hated, when, confiding in his star, be married Norah Blake, a beautiful fill, but a most notorious vixen. Then the unlucky ones forgave him a great deal j for sure wouldn't Norah re vengo them? Alas! tho traitress fell in love with her husband after marriage, and let him mold her into a sort of ungelio duck. This was tho climax. So Paddy Luck is now numbered among the lasting in stitutions of old Ireland (if any). May he live till tho skirls of his cunt knock his brains out, -mid him dancing in Irish lling to "tho wind that shakes the 1 al ley I" JIarpcr't Mayazinr.. Fighting: general Crook. George Crook entered West Point in 1848, so thnt. he is, I judgo, about fifty one years old. He was put out in Cali fornia as soon as he graduated, and served nt once against thn Indians whom bo has now known for thirty years. Ho was wounded with nn arrow twenty-five years ago. Tho rebellion called him away from cightycarsof Indian encoun ters to tho contest of civilized forces, and ho began in West Virginia, was wounded thero, was promoted for gallant services at Antietiam, then served in the Western nrmies at the head of a division of cavalry, was at Chienniaugii, broke up tho guerillas, went on several raids, served under Sheridan and was taken prisoner by his subsequent brother-in-law most inhospitably at Cumberland, but very soon released. He was in nil Sheridan's great ba 'ties, commanded nil tho cavalry of tho Army of tho Potomac for a while, and was in tho big pursuit to Appomattox. At tho close of the war he wns a Licutennnt-Colonel, and from that timo to this has been the cnglu of lnd.ftn lighters. When I saw him last he wim a long, can man, loosely put together, w.'th rathor a shy, strange face, as if ho had partly turned into an Indian. He is nu Ohio boy. Anything wild seems tanM to Crook. He wants no friends, and can do with very little family. During the war lie became mnoh interested in Mary I)aileyt a young lady of good family, living in Western Maryland, but from Virginia people living nbout Moorefield. Her people sympathized with tho South, and she had a brother a member of Mc Neill's semi-guerilla band. This young senpegrnce, finding; that Gonernl Crook and General Kelly slopped at his father's hotel in Cumberland the former paying attention to his sister slipped into that hotel and captured the two generals in the midst of their troops, forced them out of thou- lines at the point of the pistol and took them to Richmond Crook wna soon released, probably through the intercession of his captor, lie afterward married Miss Dailey, and she, has lieen wuu mm iu a good many -Iningo places in the West. His younc j qitor afterward became a sutler at his camp, not wnony to urook 8 liking, for lie wus very sensitive about connucticg his reputation witn commercial schemes. AX KJid.USEU SEAT. Tlie Travi-llna H t'toyrtt) Ki t ikrit. It was a dar when everybody was tired and anxious to sit down that ft largo i"an, oarrying ft gripsack, boarded an l.astcf'i fit hind train, nnd idler walk ing throngli several crowded ears, finally found the olio vat-ant seal, sent loft liuisclf, ho plneNl his bng on the cushion at his side. Jnrt as the train was about to start another man ( Dred and made the samo journey in senieii of a seat. Art lie stooped tnijiiirmg liciore the huge mall the latter hatd; "This scat is engaged, sir; a fni'ii jur.t stepped out, but will return in n :io nicnlj hs left bis baggage here as a claim to the sent" "Well," said llle rcr-tnid traveler, f":inkly, "I'm pretty tired, anil If you don't object I'll i it down here and hold his Iiiik for him till he returns," And without further ceremony this be proceeded b do. 'J hen the large man, who was bound for Ijyitil, earnestly prayed within (he iiiiiKist Chambers oi his little heart that his Companion might get off at Soinel'ville, or Kverelt or ('lid sea anywhere but Iiyo:i or ti station beyond. And the tired man thanked his stars for even n moment's re.it, ex pecting every second to bo ousted by the owner of the gripsack. The train moved out from the sta tion. In vain did the large man try to read the si ranger's ticket to seo what his destination Tra.". Somcrville was reached, but the stranger sat quietly in his place, mid the large mnn grew nervous, Tho train stopped at Kvcrctt, nnd still the stranger gazed peacefully ahead, never budding, and the largo mnn began to perspire. Then eanm Chelsea, but the htraiiL'er still held fast lo the bug nnd m ver offered to stir. The agony of the large man was simply frightful, but he saw ho eoiilil do nothing luit grin mid bear it. and L'et oct of the fix ns best ho could. But tho stranger had by this time fully grasped the situation, and thonuli thankful for the seat, de termined to punish the unaccommodat ing pig for his scllish deception. Ho, when Lynn was reached, the large man put ha lh bis hand for the bag, but the stranger drew back tho same with an expression (if surprise, saying, "I ls'g your pardon, sir, Din mis is not your baggage." "But if isn't yours," stammered the owner, blushing. "To bo sure ; but I pnrposo to see it rein rued to the proper person. Here, conductor, here's a mall who wants to run off with this baggago that doesn't belong to him. Somebody put it in the seat to secure a place, ami evidently got left at Boston, for he hasn't claimed it, and now this man wants to run away with it," and ho gave tho conductor n wink, and as that olVicial knew the stranger personally, he understood the wink, and promptly replied : "The only thing to do is to return li e bag to I ! ist i hi, and store it among the unclaimed baggage." "Put," expostulated the large man. "Hold on there," said tho conductor, showing a police badge, "none of this. What kind of a man was it who left tho bag?" And then the si ranger and the con ductor nnd one or two sympathizing pas sengers combined to confuse the large man, and be, hating to confess to his piggishness, and knowing not what fo do, precipitately fled nmid the frowns mid sighs of the observers id his wicked ness, lint the Mniuvei', with a happy contented smile, bad the bag returned to lio-.ton, where the lar"e mail had to come next dav, and identity it. The moral of this trim tale is obvious. iW ton Globe. Born in .Tail. The birth of n girl baby in Ludlow street Jail, says a New York paper, the first child ever born within the walls ol l ho grim and ill-kept structure, recalls I hat pathetic chapter iu one of Diekens'i strongest novels which tells the story ol the birth of Amy Worrit in tho Marshal sen. From what wo iiavo learned of the interior of Ludlow street Jail and the lif,. f its inmates, from tho published statements of prisoners and reports of investigating coiunnttees, wo may almost itimeiiiH that the incidents preceding the tir.-d appearance in t his dismal and wicked world ot tho Uliild ot tm aiarsiiiiiscii w ere reproduced in tho New York jail. The KV.iipathy of tho jailors was surely not wauling, 'and the fellow-prisoners of the happy (or afflicted) parents were, perhaps, as officious in their desirotodo something useful, as they wero certainly as dirty and unkempt ns the pisir debt inH in thn Marshalsea. It is not likely, iiowever as the inhabitants of Ludlow street .Tail in this enlightened ngo and this fre country include scarcely so many varieties of human nature as an English debtors' prison sixty or seventy years ago that no outside aid was necessary in ushering into life tho daughter of Michael Colctto. In tho Marshalsea the doctor was iu hand, grimy and shabby ns all tho other prisoners, and culled for the occasion from the billiards and rum of tho "snuecerv. whence no wire wim him a pungent odor of stalo alcohol and tobacco to poison tho f1. whitsb tho in- fniit first hreatlieu. umino lit the Colette baby is not dostined to w un 4o womanhood behind the walls of a iail. Her parents aro not neuters, ..J. ... ..,,,! nf counterfeiting: they '"" r Amoved for triaC and if convicted, the IWy.0' will not be shared by tho infant, al hough its consequences havo already fallen so heavily upon her. It no crime to be born in. jail.but it is a terrible affl.c tii in. Smokt. In Mexico nearly everyone it a smoker. Tho school children who have done woll iu their studies are re warded by being allowed to smot ie a cigar as they stand or sit at their lessons. The schoolmaster is seldom without a cigar in his mouth. In the law courts all persons commonly enjoy their to bacco freely, and even the acemted in a eHununl trial is not denied, th.s indub Hence, but is allowed, if his cigore te goes lull iuftl OWCd. 11 HIS UllftuetlOKVJCO 'tte beat ol the argument, tolght nut in ii n,.oin hv borrowing thai ot mo omoei hTstani at & & to guard him. VY.U.T tVIIITJIAN O.N AMERICA. rhe UmiI limy Pari4 tl ni am Pup. Inllou ami our future Walt Wflilttmi sent tlio following letter to the manag"rri of tho tcrtio millennial celebration in hanlrt 'e, New Mexico; pEAn Sins: lmir kind invitation to Visit Jot! and deliver a poem for the threo hundred nnd tlnrt v-tlnr.l ni.niver- stiy of founding Santa IV has n ached (To vf late mat i nave to ueenne, with sincere f"ft"i. But I will say a few words off hand. Wo Americans havo vet to really learn our own nnlecedeiits and sort tlicnl, f unify them. Xhcy wiU lie found nmplcf fbnn lias been Supposed, nnd m widely dillorelit otirecs. ItUis far, impressed by New Eugiiltid writers and st'lioohnosters, wo tacitly abandon ourselves to thl notion that our United Slates have been fashioned frjin tho British Islands only, aim pssentinlly form a second England only which is a very great mistake. Many leading traits 'of our future national personality, ami some of the best ones, will certainly provo to hnvo originated from other than Britisii stock. As it is, British and Germans, valuable nn they are in iho concrete, already threaten excess. Or rather, I should say, they have certainly reached that excess, To day something outside of them and to' Ctitlnicrbiilauce them is seriously needed. The seething mafertnlistio and busi ness vortices of the United States, in heir present devouring relations, con trolling nnd be'.ittling everything else, arc, iu my opinion, but n vast and in lispedssblo stage in the New World's levclopmeiit and aro certainly to bo fol lowed by something entirely different, it leant by immense modifications. Char acter, literature, n society worthy the name, are yet to be established, through nationality of noblest spiritual, heroic and demis-ratio attributes not oltti of which at present definitely exists en tirely different from tho past, though unerringly founded ou it nnd to justify it. To that composite American identity xf tho future Spanish character will sup ply some of the most needed parts. Nu stock shows n grander historic retro spect grander iu religiousness nnd loy alty, or for patriot ism, courage, decorum, gravity, nnd honor. It is time to dismiss utterly the illusion-compound, half raw-hcad-and-hloody-honcs nnd half Mys-tories-of-Udolplio, inherited from the English writers of tho past 200 years. Itts timo to realize for it is certainly true that there will uot lie found any moro cruelty, tyranny, superstition, etc., iu the resume of past Spanish history than iu tho corresponding resume of An glo-Nortnnn history. Nny, I think there will not be found so much. Then another point, relating to Amer ican ethnology, past and to come, I will hero touch u'hiii at a venture. An to our aboriginal or Indian population the Aztec in the South and many n tribe in tho North and West I know it seems to bo agreed that they must gradually dwindle as timo rolls on, and in a few generations moro leave only the rem iniscence, a lilank. jjut l am not at nil clear about that. As America, from its many far-back sources and cur rent supplies, dovclopos, adapts, en twines, faithfully identifies its own, are ivo to seo it cheerfully accepting nnd using all tho contributions of foreign lauds from tho whole otttsido globe, nnd then rejecting thu only ones distinctive ly its own the nutnehthonia ones? " As to tho Spanish stock of our South west, it is certain to mo that wo do not begin to nppreeiate tho splendor nnd sterling value of its rnce element. Who knows but thnt clement, like the course of some subterranean river, dipping invis ibly for a hundred or two years, is now to emcrgo in broadest flow and perma nent action ? If I might assume to do so, I would hko t sond you tho most cordial, heartfelt congratulations of your Amer ican fellow countrymou hero. You hnvo moro friends in tho Northern nnd Atlan tic regions tl.au yon suppose, and they are deeply interested in tho development of the great Southwestern interior, nnd iu what your festival would nrotiso to public attention. Very respectfully, eta, WALT WHITMAN. Look Out Tor tlio IIo Crust. The Chicago Triltuw. says a reportet tor that paper met 111, T. 1). Williams lately and asked him about the poss-i- M:.r -.L.n i: i i unities ot lUllllierilioiK nun. "Oh, it can bo adulterated with water. Missouri clay, tallow and other things.'' "Havo you ever run across adulterated lard?" "Yes. I examined quite a number ot samples. I found ten or twelve p i cent, of water when thero should have tiecn only two per cent. That quantity can be put in without detection; and water seemed to bo the great adultera tion when I was investigating the sul- met. I refer to stcniu-rcnilercd Jivrd. Water is introduced by the condensation nf leuni nomine in contact with the fat." "What do you know aliotit Missouri "I never found any of it in lnrd; bnt I heard that ono very prominent ronderer in Chicago received 210 barrels of it and I saw a samplo. It is sent as an adul terant, and is used not only in lard but in almost everything else, where term alba could not cut any figure. It bo no texture, and has a granulated appear ance under the microscope when pulver ized for the markot It is a hotter adul terant than tho white earth for lard, be cause terra alba would bo precipitated In this climate, and be found at the bot tom of the package. Tho olay is not so dense, though quite heavy, and could be ,ai1 with success to the extent of ten or fifteen ner cent. Ita presence can bo deteofrjd with the tniorosoope. By tli i use of water and the clay, lard nan lis adulterated twenty-five per cent." Mart Tnrrr, of Abingdon Miss., wanted to be a mnn, so she wore trows em lor seven yours, men, as a natu ral consequence, she Btole horse. Yon .,;u .,,l,..t 11k W,.Urn nnH T.nev 1 ncc, siiii-i - . Stone will lead you to Yo , M I me jereevs uim ict w r--- 1 ing pipe-htems.-i?rVo tfatrtjf TTIT AlfD WISDOM. AnflTAWmo) from food, it is snid, will euro rheumatism. If yon hove rhennuv Usui go live in a boarding house. TnF.nn is so much snnd in tho straw berries that aro brought to market nor that they seem quito lit for the desert Loom Is logic, and it does not follow) that Noah brewed lieer in the ark bo cuuso tho kftiigaroo went on board with hops. "Ybs," said tho gilded youth, "I hate to mako tho sacrifice, but I will. My tailor must wait for his money ami she gets tie bouquets." Tun City of Houston, Tex., offered ta pay Ingersoll moro to lecture one night on' infidelity than it pays a singlo ono of its ministers for n year's work. Si'pakino of thonvoeation of tho heav enly bodies, thero is no doubt bnt that tho sun is a tanner. Oil City Dct' rU'Jt. "Wnr are tliesn flats called French Hals?" "To distinguish them from American flats." "What nro American ilats ?" ' 'The people that live in French fiats." Tub "gentlo reader" is supposod to be ono that doesn't get on his car and swear whutievcr tlio newspaper man is lucky enough to got a full-page advertismenv. Wheeling Leader. "BKMitvnRR who you aro talking to, sir," said ft father to his fractious tioy. "I am your father." "Well, who's to lihimo for that?" asked young imperii netioo ; "It ain't mo." Tub meanest man wo have heard o! 'his Benson is tho fellow who telegraphed his sympathy to a friend who had just lost everything in speculation, and mado liim pay for tho message. Commp.hoiatj traveler "My name Is Mullcr. I nm ngont for Schultzc, in llcrlin." Merchant "Scliultze, in Ber lin? In that caso I must lsg you to shut the door from the outside." It Is a very small villago indeed thnt doesn't contain a billiard champion of the United States. Thero are moro bib li.ird chnmpions in this country to-day than there aro billiard tables by a long chalk, A NEtino baby was born in Goorgi recently which weighed only a pound nnd n qunrtcr, and ft "literary feller. hearing of tho circumstance, remarked that It was funny how anything so dark could bo so light. Tub other day a Taris lady abruptly entered her kitchen, nnd sho saw the cook skimming tho soup with a silver spoon. She snid to her, "Froncoise, I expressly forbade you to uso silver in the kitchen." "But, madam, the spoon was dirty." Oen contemporaries nro now ranking the timo-honorcd snying: "Whnt is so rare as n day in J une." There, is some thing far moro ruro, nnd that is an ad vertiser who does not want his notioe at the top of tho column nnd next to the rending mntter. "Tine Inst link is broken." tho fellow said when ho kissed his girl good-by for ever nt her request, because her parents wished ft dissolution. A tow uftys laior, ho received a note saying "Dear Goorgo: There nro pleuty more links ; como ana break them." F.pitoii to city merchant: "Colonel, I'd like very much for yon to advertise with me. Suppose you put inn small card for six mouths? Shan't cost yon much." "I don't believe it would help mo." "That's not tho question. I want it to help me." A soaniul, or quarrel, or murder, is often explained by tho statement that "thero is a woman nt tho bottom of it" ns tho man said when his wifo fell into tho well. Thero is generally a woman at tho bottom of everything; but tho Cai itol nt Washington is a notable excep tion. Thore is a woman ot the top ol thnt. Notrislown Herald, Boys and Trades. "biiJi Anr" talks a short rnicB. I beliavo in thoso schools where boys can learn trades. Peter tho Great quit liis throne and went off to learn how to build a ship, and he learned from stem to stem, from hull 10 mast, and that wns the beginning ot his greutness. I know a young man who was poor and smart, and a friend scut him to ono of three schools up North, and ho stayed two years, nnd came linek ns a niuung engineer and a bridge builder, and hist year ho planned nnd built a cotton fac tory, and is getting a largo salary. l'low many collego boys aro there in Georgia who can tell what kind of native timber will bear the heaviest burdens, or why you tako white oak for one port of a wagon and nsh for another, or what timbor will last longest under water? How many know sandstone from limo stone, or iron from manganese F How many know Jiow loouta niter or a brace without put fern f mnv know which turns the i..tDha tnn of thn wheel or the bottom as the wagon moves along the How many know how steel is made, and a snske can climb a tree ? TTow many know that a horse gets up before and a cow gets up behind, and the cow cats grass from her and the horse eats to him. How many know that a surveyor mark upon a troo never gets any higher from the ground; or wlint tree bears iruit without bloom? There is a power of comfort in knowl edge, bnt a boy is not going to got it unless he wants it nail, ami that is tlio troublo with most college boys; they don't wnnt it. They are loo busy, and haven't got time. There is more hope of a dull boy who wants knowledge, than of a genius, for a genius generally know it all without study. The clo; observ ers are the world's benefactor AwomaUohllyhsditwraoved oL m , Planed off its ijisonption, Ed J 1 'iitteS sin to suit the m Sqairemeatoolhfwulr.