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Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930, September 06, 1900, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn95069780/1900-09-06/ed-1/seq-2/

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SS18T9 Found Legationers Look-
JtofrL Sfce Invalids and Nearly
Worn Out
j3ffkSpecial By Post via Tien
2S8m A medal will be struck com
mecsztlng the siege of Pekin It will
gfeey sie legend Men Not Walls Make
2to tsis grounds of the British legation
YffSwse landf ul ot men withstood the
jSKlIKMs Kf the Chinese capital for fif
i35s JSayas a memorable celebration Is
fc jjwsgjess tonight in vindication of
l3b principle Missionaries assembled
ie tower are singing the
ateEjJfcjv 3lockets are blazing Sol
3feea sag elvflians of all nationalities
ft 3isrnizng The women are
zL sound of the cannon that
vta staiusg the yellow roofs of the
a8SiLs3 City The tired Sikhs are
SkssSSs I2xeir tents on the lawn and
JBscesfcau and Russian contingents
rtte2S3JSig campfires along the stretch
e ftsc5 attending beyond the Tartar
SSivswrcmers are anxious to Inspect
S- rcces of an historic defense
SSasfrrrirades are after all the most
KffsaSusSBi sight in Pekin The barriers
sgs t British legation are a mar
g3yjj3iff and brick walls and earth
Sand bags shield every foot of
h tops of the walls have
sSss Scr the riflemen and the build
g SS porticos and windows have
fzzrtzr Scares- b s stuffed with dirt and
IsSfi ecf fire United States legation is
rEfessined Fort Myers which the
aKer epSeld completely screening Qth
S3s3 fi tSe walls with steps running
Ihte a loopholed barrier across
i9 rsr faces a similar Chinese
TXSRk yards away Another wall
SStf jbgztfon street in front of the
SKr553 legation and confronting the
DHH2 barricades within those limits
uare 3rJ zxcre walls enabling the for
egess Of ctsntract the area of defense
Ssys of the American and British
2sljx33 were badly torn by the Chi
2v3ns Most of the foreign shells
g3S 32ms hiring the first three weeks
tf Ssoibardment 400 in one day
53s amities of bullets were gath
jStiJ is the grounds Four hundred and
tfl55tsri people lived in the compound
SsmjSj the greater part of the siege
Sscdred and four marines as
s ay eighty five volunteers
3 the English Captain Poole
tbe place Eleven civilians
52il5fc4S and nineteen wounded Fif
ygrtemr marines and sailors were killed
gJtoS 2J The Americans loss
killed and eleven wounded
iS5ftert Reed who was wounded
i 3S ieet was the only American
gSxiiiasz voamied
jitt reception which the survivor
fJKxu saearjny was worth the hardships
gfcet lai undergone The
sot spectacular Sir Alfred
5szfi his stafE and a company
a S55i355 traded up a bed of sewage in
StSfes Vr4 the canal near the Tartar
sraH 23rer soon removed the
aWd when the gates swung in
9feEi is 4 vhen the British colors ap
5J5iS iftre arose a great continuous
cMt 7 Soth aides
gteHttals soldiers and correspondents
5fersjave3 np the banks through the
Z3 sfdscrwiug to be first Men and
7KSGSI forroanded the rescuers and
rt lie hands of the Sikhs ratting
tcasE3 le back Everybody was
csat edlr along into the legation
ErjnswS where- the colors
3mj soldiers surrounded the wall
njricfir Sad been the salvation of the
tSifP arlnJsters and officers demanded
itv TSiffgisti news on both sides
js Bixr afterward General Chaffee
sJJS3t the1 head of the Fourteenth
gt States infantry marched to the
JsrXiftTrinr An American marine who
ffiuBsa top of the wall shouted You
sSjSKSi Sst time We need you in our
Cftseatering the grounds of the British
JSasXrcr the American troops stared in
SSSKSxeawnt and inquired if there was
kSf Srsrc jysarcy to progress They had ex
pected to find the relieved in a worse
tSttssrlttion than themselves whereas the
i3ttai3Ss itween the appearance of the
ZZFXsT 2fcfS the rescuers was surpris
iktlT c iarfOT of the former The Brit
i2j KaJtei Sir Claude MacDonald
jfatf Shaven iiflu dressed in immaculate
3ini fiamTels Mr Conger thfi United
Vsss Tninister was equally
The assemb lage of ladies was
iexSt snd hright in summer clothing
2 lew civilians were carrying
Oij te6theT hand the rescuers were
3Ssg2rai3 Tough bearded Theyj
3S3i themselves along as if ready
-op their khaki uniforms dripping
Sth perspiration and black with mud
35 s jecond glSnce showed that the
ypesrasS mere pathetically pale and thin
3fovy ftasied like- a company of Inyal
fBs Every iart of the enclosure testi
1 iltelT ttagfc experiences There
jjfKj 33 of new graves headed with
frxten crosses including the graves of
3fc children - -
Jy j - V yi
Wk- - w
Pennsylvania Coal Miners Make
Demands on the Operators
Hazelton Pa Aug 28 Special
If the anthracite coal operators re
fuse to grant the demands of the Uni
ted Mine Workers as embodied in the
reports of thescale and resolutions com
mittee as presented and adopted at
the convention or by September 8
a strike involving 140000 miners of
which 40000 are members of the Mine
workers organizations will be declared
The committee today applied to the
national board with headquarters at
Indianapolis to order a strike if no
amicable agreement was reached on
the powder and other questions
President Mitchell said tonight that
the application would undoubtedly be
favorably acted upon by the boards
which meets afc Indianapolis oh Sep
tember 6 if existing conditions are not
remedied in the time allowed by the
The report of the scale committee is
as follows We demand the abolition
of the company store system the re
duction in the price of powder to LR0
per keg the abolition of the company
dictation as to who shall be our doctors-
abolition of the sliding scale now
in practice In the Lehigh and Schuyl
kill regions compliance with the semi
monthly pay law and that all employes
be paid in cash abolition of the er
roneous system of having 3360 pounds
to the ton and 2240 pounds constitute
a ton that an advance of 20 per cent
be paid all classes of men now receiv
ing less than 150 per day that all
classes of day laborers now receiving
150 and not exceeding 175 shall re
ceive 15 per cent over present wages
that all day labor now receiving over
175 shall be advanced 10 per cent that
no miner shall have at one time more
than one breast or other class of work
and shall only get his legal share of
The Slayer of King Humbert Gets
a Life Sentence
Milan Italy Special Gaetano Bre
sci today was sentenced to solitary im
prisonment for life for the assassina
tion of King Humbert His only re
mark when sentence was pronounced
was I will wait for the next revolu
tion in Italy when I am sure to re
leased or to have my sentence modi
Under the laws of Italy life impris
onment is the most severe penalty that
can be imposed for murder It was on
this charge that Bresci was tried Had
he been tried for treason as was at
first contemplated his sentence might
have been death
Bresci was brought before the judges
for his final trial this morning A
great crowd stood about the courtroom
but few persons outside of those di
rectly interested were able to gain ad
mission and these only on presentation
of tickets- The witnesses to the mur
der of King Humbert at Monza gave
their testimony Bresci took the stand
and during his interrogatory declared
I decided to kill the king to avenge
the misery of the- people after the
bread riots in Milan and Sicily
I acted without advice or accomplice
I practiced at a target so as to be
sure of my aim and prepared bullets
for the end sought
Robbers Hold Up and Rob a Union
Pacific Train
Cheyenne Wyo Special The Un
ion Pacific passenger second section
No 3 was held up by bandits two and
a half miles west of Tipton station
fifty eight miles west of Rawlins
There were four men in the hold up
The express and baggage cars were
blown open and the safe blown to pieces
The railroad company says the loss
was nominal The baggage and ex
press cars were considerably damaged
United States Marshal Hadsell who
was notified at Rawlins raised a posse
of twenty five men with horses and
went on a special train to the scene of
the hold up and are now on the trai
of the bandits
No one was injured on the train
The Union Pacific has offered 1000
reward for each man
Fall River Mill Operators Will Try
to Reduce Expenses
Fall River Mass Special An
agreement is being circulated among
manufacturers in this city calling for a
reduction in wages of 11 1 9 per cent
to take effect September 17 affecting
all Fall River operatives The signa
tures of mill agents representing about
1000000 spindles or one third of the
corporations of the city have already
been secured
The cause for the secrecy observed in
circulating the agreement lies in the
fact that by making the plan public
now stockholders who are opposed to
a reduction at this period of the year
might thwart the plan of the selling
committee and buyers might discount
the effect of the reduction and insist
upon a proportionate decrease in the
print cloth quotations
Washington D C Special There
is no doubt that General Chaffee will be
appointed brigadier general in the reg
ular army upon the retirement of Jo
seph Wheeler It is stated at the war
department that the service which Gen
eral Chaffee has rendered in China en
titles him to this consideration Gen
eral Wheeler will retire on -September
3 General Chaffee will continue to hold
the rank of major general of volunteers
while in command in China
fs f
- t acsi
AH the Powers Formally Renounce
Their Intention of Making
War On China j
Washington t C Special Five
powers have agreed to Russias propo
sition to withdraw troops from Pekin
and two have announced opposition to
its adoption Four powers have final
ly declared that Li Hung Chang is ac
ceptable to them as peace envoy for
China two question not only Li Hung
Changs credetials but the power of
the imperial goveranment to approve
his acts and one wishes to know more
about the credentials he holds before it
is willing to treat through him
This sums up the international situa
tion with respect to China as shown
by developments today It could hard
ly be more satisfactory viewed from
theAmerican standpoint An active in
terchange of views took place today
between the capitals of Europe and
Japan and Washington and as a re
sult it is likely that pressure will be
applied to the two powers anxious to
remain in Pekin to induce them to
withdraw simultaneously with the evac
uation by the other allies
The powers who object to the Rus
sian proposition are Germany and Italy
Those favoring it are the United States
Great Britain France Japan and Jlus
sia The powers which question Li
Hung Changs credentials and the abil
ity of the imperial government to en
force the terms he may make are Ger
many and Italy while France would
like to know more about the creden
tials before negotiations begin The
governments to which Li Hung Chang
is acceptable are the United States
Russia Great Britain and Japan Con
fidence is expressed that France will
not be obstinate in the matter but will
jom the quartet With five powers act
ing in unison Germany and Italy will
then it is thought here be compelled
by sheer weight of the opposition to
join in withdrawing from Pekin and
beginning jpeace negotiations with the
Chinese viceroy
There remains for negotiation the
question as to the point to which the
allies will be withdrawn The Russian
note made no suggestion on this point
It simply reiterated Russias opposition
to dismemberment and urged in the
interest of early peace that the im
perial government be allowed to reoccu
py Pekin the allied forces withdraw
Although the administration has kept
the American reply secret it was learn
ed from a cabinet minister that it is
very short It calls attention to the
position of this government as set
forth in the American note of July 3
and declares that this government will
ivillingly withdraw when the security
of American life in China is established
Allies to Promenade Through the
Imperial Palace
Washington D C Special The
state department makes public the fol
lowing cablegram from Minister Con
ger received this morning through the
United States consul at Che Foo
Che Foo received August 30 644
a m Secretary of State Washington
CO Following dispatch dated yesterday
More Russian French and Italian
troops arriving Imperial palace will
be entered August 28 Military prome
nade of all nations made through it
afterward closed and guarded Prince
Ching is expected in a few days
The Former President Mum as an
Oyster About Politics
New York Special In reply to a
request from Dr Hepworth represent
ing the Herald for an opinion on the
political situation Former President
Cleveland writes from Buzzards Bay
As I am by no means free from the
perplexity which now affects the thou
sands of those who love the principles
of true democracy I am not inclined
to advise others as to their political
duty A crisis has arisen in which each
mans conscience and patriotic sense
should be his uide Inasmuch as
neither certainty of my ability to ad
vise correctly nor any call prompts me
to discuss political conditions I think
I ought to be permitted in my retire
ment to avoid the irritation and abuse
which my interference at this time
would inevitably invite
Frankfort Ky Special The fol
lowing resolution was introduced into
the lower house of the general assem
bly yesterday Resolved by the house
of representatives of the commonwealth
of Kentucky That each of its members
be permitted to wear shirt waists pro
vided they contain not more than six
colors of the rainbow without suspend
Berlin Special The Frankfort Zel
tung has received a dispatch from
Shanghai saying a plot has been dis
covered there to burn the whole city
The Europeans consider the streets un
safe after nightfall and the general
situation is described as critical
Both Countries Have the Same Idea
About China
Washington D C Special Tha
United States government having acted
upon the Russian proposition as to the
withdrawal of troops from Pekin Is
now quietly waiting for response to the
notes which have been sent to our
various representatives for presenta
tion to the powers Judging by the rate
of progress made In the preceding ne
gotiations several days and perhaps a
week may pass before all of these re
plies are received
According to their formal expressions
all of the powers are agreed upon this
one point they do not desire to enter
upon a formal war upon China The
United States government is trying to
bring about this result For the moment
it finds itself side by side with Russia
whose earnestness cannot be questioned
at this time The object now in view
is to bring about a situation in China
that will admit of the beginning of ne
gotiations looking to the re-establishment
of order and cessation of hostili
ties with the assurance of protection
to foreign life and property
After that the negotiations may touch
upon other questions that remain to be
settled It is with this object that Rus
sia has suggested the withdrawal from
Pekin in order that the Chinese gov
ernment may resume the reins of pow
er for the Chinese people being guided
by externals are not apt to yield fealty
to a government not in possession of its
own capital
The United States government has
been earnestly championing the cause
of Li Hung Chang from precisely simi
lar motive namely a desire to speedily
rehabilitate the Chinese government in
order that it may carry out its express
desire to settle the difficulties- which
have arisen This has been the object
of the negotiations of the last few days
and the legation note and the United
States advance were part of the gen
eral plan
In responding to the Russian note as
it did the United States government
availed itself of the opportunity of di
recting the remaining powers to express
their desires in the matter of a settle
ment or to indicate how in their judg
ment peace negotiations could thus be
instituted This note is calculated ta
secure a full disclosure of the inten
tions of the powers if the inquiry is
met by them in the frank spirit in
which it was conceived by the United
States government The difficulty ap
prehended now in reaching a settlement
lies in the intentional delay and pro
crastination on the part of any power
which is concealing its true purpose
and does not desire to avoid a formal
Grand Army of the Republic Elects
Chicago 111 Special Judge Lee
Rassieur of St Louis was today elected I
by acclamation commander-in-chief oi
the Grand Army of the Republic foi
the ensuing year
D C Milliken of Maine was choseE
senior vice commander and Frank Sea-
mans of Tennessee junior vice com-
mander John A Wilkins Delta O
surgeon general Rev A D Drahms
San Quentin Cal chaplain-in-chief
There was no opposition to any ol
the candidates The convention met t
9 oclock and after some trifling mat
ters of a routine nature had been dis
posed of the selection of a commander-in-chief
was taken up
Adjutant General Stewart announced
that nominations were in order It was
known to all what the result would be
as there was no opposition to Judge
Rassieuar and when Major William
Warner of Kansas City himself a past
commander-in-chief mounted the plat
form to present the name of Judge
Rassieur he was greeted with prolong
ed applause
When the applause that greeted Ma
jor Warners address had died away
Past Commander Morrison of Pennsyl
vania made a short seconding speech
in behalfof Judge Rassieur and Adju
tant General Stewart then asked il
nominations to be
there were any more
made A motion was made that Judge
Rassieur be declared elected by accla
mation and it was carried with a roar
of approval
The newly elected commander-in-chief
was escorted to the platform and ex
pressed his thanks for the honor done
him by his comrades
Denver Colo Special An uncon
firmed report has reached Denver that
the Wyoming train robbers were cap
tured this morning by United States
Marshal Hadsell and posse ten miles
below the scene of the robbery It is
said the deputy and one robber were
Anderson Ind Special The Amer
ican rod and nail mills shut down to
day Nine hundred and eighty men
are thrown out of employmentThis
mill belongs to the nail trust and it is
stated the closure will be permanent
Berlin Special Official dispatches
from Shanghai annpunce the arrival
there of the new German minister td
China Dr Schwartzenstein
London Special According to the
Mail belief is prevalent in Ireland
that Dewet the Boer general and
Charles Stewart Parnell are one and the
same man The remarkable story finds
many creditors among the poor
- 4
Admlnstration In Four Years Has
Outgrown the Historic Mon
roe Doctrine
Washington D C Special The
status in brief of the Alaskan boun
dary dispute Is that the McKinley ad
ministration has decided In principle
that the United States shall surrender
to Canada the disputed strip of terri
tory which has been in our possession
since Alaska was acquired from Russia
This strip has been coveted by Can
ada ever since Its acquisition by the
TTnited States on account of Its great
mineral resources but no British pre
mier or Canadian statesman ever dared
to raise the question until the advent of
the McKinley administration with its
well known pro British policy
Cleveland sent what amounted to an
ultimatum to Great Britain over the
Venezuelan question involving precise
ly the same principle England tried
to grab a slice of Venezuelan territory
which was known to contain valuable
gol ddeposits The prompt action of
Cleveland and the bellicose talk in con
gress over the sacred character of the
Monroe doctrine caused the British lion
to retire and ask for an international
board of arbitration to settle the dis
puted question
To show what republican sentiment
was in 1896 in regard to the surrender
of territory on the western hemisphere
so remote as Venezuela Senator Davis
of Minnesota reported from the senate
committee on foreign relations on Jan
uary 20 1896 a concurrent resolution
relative to the assertion and enforce
ment of tha Monroe doctrine which
The United States of America reaf
firms and confirms the doctrine and
principles promulgated by President
Monroe in his message of December 2
1S23 and declares that it asserts and
maintains that doctrine and those prin
ciples and will regard any infringe
ment thereof and particularly any at
tempt by any European power to take
or acquire any new or additional terri
tory on the American continent or any
islands adjacent thereto or any right
of sovereignty or dominion in the same
in any case or instance as to which the
United States shall deem such attempt
to be dangerous to its peace or safety
by or through force purchase cession
occupation pledge colonization pro
tectorate or by control of the easement
in any canal or any other means of
transit across the American isthmus
whether under unfounded pretension of
right in cases of alleged boundary dis
putes or under any other unfounded
pretensions as the manifestation of an
unfriendly disposition toward the Unit
ed States and as an interposition which
it would be impossible in any form for
the United States to regard with in
This was the doctrine of the senate
committee on foreign relations in 1896
That cqmmittee included Frye of
Maine Davis of Minnesota Cullom of
Illinois and Lodge of Massachusetts
In the present dispute in which the
administration proposes to surrender 200
square miles of territory belonging to
the United States every one of these
republicans will repudiate his solemn
findings of four years ago and support
the policy of hauling down the Amer
ican flag to please Great Britain be
cause it is necessary in the interest of
keeping up friendly relations with Eng
land under the
entente iL
The state department says it is pre
pared to defend the surrender before
the senate That body must ratify the
delimitation of our historic boundary
but there will be no difficulty in ob
taining the concurrence and aid of such
men as Lodge Davis Cullom Frye
Foraker Wolcott and Clark all of
whom are for anything Salisbury may
require and who form the majority
of the foreign committee as now con
stituted and who with Hanna Elkins
Beveridge and others of the same kind
will sustain the Hay Pauncefote com
pact in any policy agreeable to Eng
land and acquiesced in by the president
Cleveland Man to Speak In the
West For Bryan
New York Special Tom L John
son of Cleveland O who was one of
the passengers on the steamship Oce
anic which reached this port today
Mr Johnsons return at this time he
said is due to a request he has received
from William Jennings Bryan who
wishes him to make speeches in the
west in behalf of the democratic can
didates He said
I was having a good quiet time in
Europe taking in the exposition and
all that sort of thing but Mr Bryan
asked me to come home and assist in
the campaign work and here I am I
expected to take a hand in it anyhow
but the request of Mr Bryan brings me
home a little sooner than I expected
Where will I canvass for Mr Bryan
Why anywhere that he wants me to
I am in his hands as to that Person
ally I should much prefer to work In
Ohio which Is my own state and is also
Mr McKinleys state I could probably
do my best work there i
sf xrv -
Will B
I the Central
Lively Campaign
gn a
Cihcago IH Special Jl
the dem
the fight
will lead
and eart
himself in the central
crats next
He will take command
ern then wffl I beg
week in Chicago
an invasion of the republican territory iWto
to stump
for he has decided
Indiana Ohio Wisconsin Jf
Minnesota New York
Maryland and West Virginia
This change of his plan was an
nounced today by Senator J
chairman of the democratic commit
is now beta
and Mr Bryans itinerary
McConville chair
worked out by Judge
A trlp M
man of the speakers bureau
early on the pro
West Virginia comes
It Is
From West
the circutt
pected he will swing
into -Maryland New
York and then he will turn ar
to f
devote some
once more and
Ohio and other middle western states
Charles A Towne left Chicago tonight
for a speaking trip that will carry him
into all parts of the country Mr Towne
will make his first speech on Friday at
he will go
Idaho Then
some point in
into Washington Oregon
Kansas where he will spend three or
four days Starting from Kansas he
will make speeches in Nebraska anu
then put in a week in South Dakota
He will get back to Illinois October 1
and after making a number of speeches
in this state he will go south to speak
and Atlanta He
at Louisville Memphis
will spend several days in Ohio From
that state he will go to New York
where one of his speeches will be made
at Buffalo Then he will turn west
ward again to campaign in Michigan
Indiana and Illinois reserving the last
week for Minnesota J
Sam Halliday Says He Must Op
pose Mr McKinley
Ithaca N Y Special The Hon
Sampel D Halliday former member of
the assembly and the most prominent
Cleveland democrat in this section of
New York today publicly announced
his intention of supporting Bryan and
Stevenson Four years ago he most
bitterly opposed the Nebraskan and
voted for Palmer and Buckner
It is estimated that Hallidays influ
ence lost the democrats 400 votes in
1896 Mr Halliday in an interview
today stated that he would work for
Bryan because he believed other issues
of the campaign than finance are most
The conditions are entirely differ
ent said he than they were in 1896
Today the question of policy to be
adopted in regard to our new posses
sions trusts the Porto Rican matter
the tariff war scandal and war taxes
are the vital ones There is no third
ticket and as a choice between the
odious policy of McKinley and the dem
ocratic ticket I much prefer the latter
I believe too that nine tenths of the
gold democrats will do the same
My opinion of Bryan has changed
His wonderful record during the 96
campaign the life he has led as a de
feated candidate and the strength of
his character have shown him to be a
most remarkable man I believe Bryan
will carry New York state and win
There are too many issues for the re
publicans to meet It is like the many
leaks that drained the barrel When
election is over they will wonder where
all the votes for Bryan came from I
believe too that the principle of reac
tion is bound to work out in favor of
Bryan I believe imperialism is the
paramount issue but there are a dozea
others almost as important
Leaders Have a Conference In Des
Des Moines la Special The dem
ocratic leaders of Iowa held a long
conference at the Savery house on
Thursday afternoon thoroughly going
over the work of the coming cam
paign and formulating the work which
will be carried out Nearly all of the
members of the state central committee
were present as well as several of the
candidates and also members of the
advisory committee Altogether about
twenty five democrats were in attend
ance and the meeting is reported aa
having been a good one
The main topic of discussion was tha
date of opening the campaign Either
one of two dates Saturday September
22 or Wednesday September 26 will
be decided upon The intention is to
have the campaign open simultaneously
in every county in the state
Republican Boss Has Not Paid Hla
Share of Expenses
Cleveland O Special Tax officials
have looked in vain for any statement
of Senator M A Hannas personal pro
perty such as he is required to file un
der the law for taxation purposes A
month ago the city tax board sent the
senator a notice that he was delinquent
and had not filed his personal property
statement but the notice was ignored
Now the board is trying to devise a
plan by which the senator can ba
brought before it to be questioned as
to his personal
property Last year the
senator reported 7500 worth of furni
ture and other goods in his mansion
on Lake avenue but this year he hay
ignored the taxpaying portion of his
duties as a citizen entirely The sen
ators residence is a large and hand
some one overlooking the lake and
while not lavishly is handsomely tuZ
It is supposed that Mr Hannas nom
ical affairs have made him 1
of the first duUesofcitizenshif
y 4
v l

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