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Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930, April 09, 1903, Image 6

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I. flL ItlCE , Pub.Ii.hor.
The man wlno forged the name of1
P. Morgan to checks knew how t (
dodge working a blind lead.
Yes , time flies. The first babies wht
.were named after Grover Cleveland
are nearly old enough to vote.
The 400 survivors of the Society Is
lands who swam four miles through a
raging sea deserve to be called "The
400. "
"Eat a lemon" is the advice now be-
tag freely given. If you arc despond
ent , It will give you something else to
think about
We wonder what that grim and
brave old salt , Admiral Cervera , thinks
f > f our handling of our naval heroes
by this time ?
Be it noted with unfeigned surprise
that It was a Frenchman whose cour
age failed him when his duty called
him to publicly kiss a woman.
"It's the storm that makes the mar
iner , " but the $10,000,000 set aside for
& new naval academy indicates that
Uncle Sam's money helps
The dodors having told King Ed
ward that he eats and drinks too
much , the king may feel that he must
frnake a change perhaps of court phy
John D. Rockefeller , Jr. , says he
owes $300,000. Why shouldn't a man
with his wad pay up and find out how
good it feels to be square with the
world ?
Foreigners should always remember
that this country's attitude with re
gard to the divine right of kings is
the same as that of Ireland concerning
the snakes.
* According to a Berlin editor , no Eu
ropean power recognizes the Monroe
doctrine. Speaking precisely , that is
true ; but they all respect it , which is
just as good , and better.
A man thinks he has discovered how
to make a palatible food out of corn
stalks. That ought to be easy after
others have succeeded in making shav
ings and sawdust so pleasant to take.
The Russian army is said to be ready
for whatever happens in the Balkans.
And the Russian peasant continues to
go stoop-shouldered under the burden
which this constant readiness imposes.
' Baron Avebury is given credit for
'coining the new word "manywhere"
in his latest book. Perhaps some gray-
haired Scotchman who learned the
word on his native heath when he was
a lisping infant will smile at this.
1 A New York artist has lauded Tweed
"because he had imagination coupled
. with dishonesty. We take it for granted -
ed ; that the artist has Imagination , but
ffts diglike to infer from his praise of
'Dishonesty that he possesses Tweed's.
In Minnesota a member of the State
( Senate has been trying to pass a bill
.imposing a fine on any person with a
jweak heart who indulges in kissing ,
lit is the fellows with "weak hearts"
who do most of that business , and it
does not seem fair to select them for
exclusive taxation.
Chicago used to boast of Its youth ;
but according to the executive commit
tee of Its historical society the city
pvill be a hundred years old on Aug. 1 ,
on which date In 1803 Lieut. Swearen-
gen established Fort Dearborn at the
mouth of the Chicago river. There is
some historical confusion as to the
date and circumstances of the settle
ment , but we all know that modern
Chicago dates only from the fire , and
Its achievements since then have been
great enough to satisfy any one.
General Booth of the Salvation army
gravely announces the purpose of that
'enterprising organization "to go after
the millionaires of the United States
and enroll them as members. " They
have not usually been considered prom
ising revival material , but perhaps the
effort to reach them has not been made
In just the right way. The millionaire
as an active member of the Salvation
army would not be out of place. The
qualities which have put him in the
bosition he occupies , or kept him there
f the formative work in building his
tfortune was done by others , are very
much those which it may be assumed
{ would make for success in the kind of
Hvork General Booth wants done.
It Is no longer possible to doubt that
electricity Is the power' the immedi
ate future. When the census of 1900
rwas taken the electric motors In use
5n manufactures in the United Stsites
produced only three hundred and elev
en thousand horse-power. Since then
the Sault Ste. Marie canal has been
fcompleted , which produces fifty-seven
thousand horse-power , and a hundred
and twenty thousand horse-power has
been added to the capacity of the Ni
agara Falls plant Canada Is treading
close on the heels of the United States ,
for at Niagara Falls it Is building two
jplants to produce a hundred c : d sixty
thousand horse-power , and at Sault
te. Marie It produces twenty thou
sand. It is difficult to imagine what
the census of 1910 will show.
If One of the most interesting and at
I the ยง &me time least noted changes of
the. past' five years Is the enlargei
mental outlook of the American pee
pie. To realize how great this chang (
Is , It is necessary only to study the
files of any large newspaper of a date
previous to the Spanish-American war
and then to compare them with the
issues of the same paper at the present
time. Five columns of matter pertain
ing to foreign countries are printed
now to one printed a few years ago.
The change also manifests itself in the
editorial pages , where public events in
foreign countries and the purposes and
bearing of foreign policies are discuss
ed with a minuteness which shows
that they possess a genuine interest for
American readeis. And it "shows itself
again in the position of the foreign
news the "display" which the edi
tor gives it , and the headings under
which he sets it forth. This enlarged
horizon Is the corollary of the indus
trial and political expansion of the
United States. To build bridges in In
dia and railroads in South America ;
to feed an army in Africa and place
one of our own in China ; to co-operate
with the great powers of the earth in a
military expedition , and to contejid
with them successfully in diplomacy ;
to assume the guardianship of islands
on the opposite side of the earth and
on the other side of the equator this
is to learn geography , and to learn it
effectively although , it may be , expen
sively. Nor is the process of educa
tion ended. The cable which will con
nect the old East with the new West
has already touched Honolulu on its
way to Manila. Great steamships are
building for trade with China and
Japan , and others already ply between
Atlantic ports and the West Indies. Re
ciprocity treaties are pending , and
questions of international importance
arc under consideration.
He was only ten years of age , but he
was a hero. While playing on the rail
road at Madisonville , Ohio , little Mars
Shawber was run down by a train and
his lower limbs were crushed into
pitiable mass of 'shredded flesh and
bone. The boy's first thought was of
his mother , and he said to those who
tenderly picked him up : "Please don't
take me home. It will worry mamma. "
The sorely wounded little fellow kneAV
his mother had many worries. She was
a poor woman , and care had made life's
burdens heavy for her to bear. * He
knew her anguish would be greater
than his , and he sought to shield her.
That alone stamped him as a heroic
soul. But there was more. When the
boy awoke to consciousness he was In
bed in the little home. The surgeons
had done their ghastly work , and there
were pitiable small blotches of blood
on the white counterpane. For the first
time he realized his legs were gone. But
he did not flinch ! This lad of tender
years had kept in his heart a pathetic
secret He had mapped out his life's
career , summed up In a resolve to go to
school another year , and then go to
work to "help papa and mamma. " Now
he had lost his legs. But that made no
difference. And here was the greater
heroism : Lying in his bedj the strip
ling commander readjusted the scheme
of his campaign. In the battle if life his
regiments had. been flung back by the
enemy , battered , beaten , but unwhlp-
pedl As calmly as Napoleon rearranged
his lines in the teeth of defeat he made
a qew alignment o't his forces. Think *
ing it all out , he said : "Never mind ,
mamma. I will get well and I will be
able to work , for I have my hands left ! "
O , ye who murmur when the march is
long , or when a redoubt is to be taken
where is there a braver utterance ? Not
that of Cambronne when the English
begged him to surrender and he flung
the word "Murde ! " at them and died
fighting , the last of the old guard ; not
Curtius at the bridge nor Leonidas at
the pass. And then the lad began to
fight death with only a broken sword
and a boyish smile. But the shock had
been too great Smiling , he died , mur
muring as he went that he would be
able to work , as "he had his hands
left" Died , did we say ? Can such ?
dauntless , tender spirit ever die ?
The Trne Nelson Attitude.
In a speech made by Lord Warwici
at a banquet in England last fall , he
quoted a letter from JNelson , which was
published to the world for the first
time. It was written to the Lord
Warwick of Nelson's time \eply to
one which suggested a new piece of
armory. The significant phrase in the
original letter' was underlined with a
flash , and is a characteristic of self-
Morten , Sept 3 , 1S0.1.
My Dear Lord I feel very much
obliged for the favour of your letter ,
ind although I am not a good judge
of mechanism , yet I dare say your in
vention for making cannon range their
shots farther than at present will an
swer your expectations , and on shore ,
in particular , it will be most useful.
Woolwich Is the only place where such
in experiment can be vainly tried by
scientific men. On board ship our
wish is to get as closes as possible to
; he enemy. I always endeavour to ii -
nilcate the doctrine , "Get close , and
rou will be the victor. "
How They Calculated.
"How did you come to re-elect that
man who was so generally suspected
of irregular methods ? "
"Well , " answered Farmer Corntos-
sel , "we figured it out and concluded
that he ought to be pretty comfortable
ind satisfied by this time. anf that it
ud be better to let him hang on than
turn the office over to some one that
would come In fresh and hungry. "
Washington Star.
London's Poverty.
There are In London 200,000 human
> eings who have to subsist on food
hat falls far short of the dietary re-
[ Ulred for prison Inmates and 80,000
vho are homeless.
_ J / ; / .
, the oldest church festival , comes down to us from the
ancient Hebrews. With them , however , the time was not associated
with the death and resurrection of Christ , but with the season of the
year when the earth puts forth its freshest blossoms and the revivifi
cation of nature the springing forth of life in the spring.
It is from this that the Easter egg custom springs , and centuries ago , even
before the birth of Christ , colored eggs were given and received by celebrants
of the feast The egg for all time has been regarded as symbolical of the
spring , when the earth receives from nature its new life. Not only the
ancient Hebrews , but the ancient Persians , employed the colored eggs in
their celebrations of the feast of the solar new year , In March.
The fact that the Anglo-Saxon name of Ap"ril was Estermonath induces
some to believe that Easter Is of pure Saxon origin , but Germany , where the
month Is called Ostermonath , seems to have a prior claim upon the word.
With the Hebrews the festival was called Pasch , and the name still
lives , with slight alterations , among many nations. The French call the
festival Paques ; the Dutch term It Paschen , the Danes Paaske , and the
Swedes Pask. In the early days of Christianity the influence of the Jewish
Pasch upon the holy day commemorating the slaying of Christ and His
resurrection waft such that It created many bitter dissensions between the
Western and Eastern churches. Finally the" discussions assumed such a
threatening aspect that Polycrates , Bishop of Ephesus , appealed to Victor ,
ffishop of Rome , asking for a general council to decide the much-vexed
Accordingly , councils met in all the countries , as well as at Rome , but
alas , for visions of harmony , they could not agree. They finally decided to
recognize the day as their respective fathers before them had done , and no
sect should censure the other for a difference of opinion.
Many warm and even bitter discussions still continued on the subject of
Easter celebrations , and it finally led to the great Emperor , Constantine , in
325 , Issuing an order for the dispute to be settled by the Council of Nice. It
was the momentous' theme of the day. In obedience to royal command , 318
bishops and some 2,000 inferior clerics assembled at Nice In Bithynia.
The first sessions met in the church , and as the council continued its work
the place of meeting was transferred to the imperial palace , where special
apartments were reserved for this august body. The main trouble was be
tween the Jewish Christians and the Gentile Christians.
On the fourteenth day of the first lunar month the Jews observed with
all the solemnity and regard for the Mosaic law the Feast of the Passover ;
thus they celebrated the death of Christ as represented by the Paschal
Lamb. The first Sabbath after the fourteenth day of the March moon the
Gentile Christians celebrated with joyous religious services the resurrec
tion of Christ Neither sect would recognize the other's festive day. and the
Council of Nice was greatly perplexed how best to please all parties.
After continuing their debates , pro and con , for several months , the eccle
siastical dignitaries announced that the bitterly waged war of dispute was
settied. Easter Day was for all time to be the first Sabbath immediately
following the fourteenth day of the March moon. By this arrangement the
world may celebrate Easter , justly called the "Queen of Festivals , " as early
as March 22 , and again it may not arrive until April 2o , when nearly the
entire earth is fragrant with spring buds and blossoms.
The word Easter is derived from a Pagan goddess of the early Teutons
called Ostera. The German word for Easter is Ostern , but some philologists
maintain that both the German and English words come from the ajicient
Saxon word Oster , or Osten , meaning "rising. " Ostera , the German goddess ,
was credited with being the personification of the morning , and of tile East
and also of the opening year.
Ostera was worshiped very generally in northern Germany , and it is
believed that the fame of the goddess spread to England , where the Saxons
joined in worshiping her. Until the beginning of the present century court
was paid to Ostera by the kindling of great bonfires and in other ways , and
even to-day in some of the remote districts where many superstitious beliefs
are treasured by the peasantry the fame of Ostera still lives.
Nell's ' Easter Embroidery ; :
HAT a magnificent piece of
embroidery , Nell ! I'll give you
$20 for it , " said Angela White ,
is sJie bounded into the room where
'fellie ' Vance sat in a tangle of white and
; old and green silk floss , busily working
Caster lilies upon an immense square
snowy white linen. And truly , though
Lngela was a connoisseur in art-needle
work , the piece of work in question
sight have evoked a like exclamation j
rom one less enthusiastic ; for Nellie' '
fas an expert needlewoman , and long j
iractice , added to an artistic tempera-
aent , had made her a past mistress of
he art of embroidery. The lilies shone
pith a satiny luster against the dull
lackgrounu of the linen and the delicate
; reen of the leaves , with their perfect
tanding , stood out in beautiful contrast ,
rhlle a Greek border in dull pink and
: old completed the effect
"Thanks , Angela , " said Nellie , "but I
lo not care to sell It"
"You silly gooee ! " responded Angela ,
just think what 'you could buy with
$20 ! You could get a handsome spring
coat , or the swellest kind of a hat for
Easter. Before I'd wear out my eyes
and patience for nothing over such a
glorious piece of work as that , to hang
over a church pulpit ! Come , I must have
that for an Easter gift to Aunt Mary , in
New York. I'll give you $25 if neces
sary. "
But Nellie was obdurate. She had
thought and planned and dreamed too
long about her Easter gift to the church
to give it up in a moment She was not
rich like her cousin Angela , and even the
materials for the scarf had cost no small
sacrifice , but she was proud of her tal
ent. This much she could and would
do , and though she had in common with
the other girls her share of vanity and
love of finery she resolutely put away
from her all thoughts of accepting the
money for herself , although she recog
nized fully how hard it would be to wear
her old clothes while the other girls
shone resplendent in their new spring
Days passed on , and the last stitch
was lovingly set in the altar cloth , which ,
wrapped in pink tissue paper , was laid
carefully away in Nellie's bureau draw
On the Saturday before Easter as she
was pasing 'through the kitchen she found
Bridget , the washerwoman. In tears.
- "Why , what isthe matter , Bridget ? "
she kindly inquired. "Are you in anj
trouble ? "
"Oh. bad luck to the day I iver was
born. Miss Nellie , " cried Bridget , burst
ing into loud sobs , "and shure I don't
know why it's afther livin' I am. Wid
me man Tim down wid the rheumatism
and five childher to clothe and feed , and
only me two poor hands to depind upon ,
and the rint due last week , and me wid-
out a dollar in me pocket , and the land
lord thritenin' to turn us out this blissid
day if it's not paid. Och , hone ! Och ,
hone ! " and the poor woman covered her
face with her hands and sobbed pitifully.
"Who is j-our landlord. Bridget ? "
"Deacon Green , miss. "
"And what is the rent ? "
"Tin dollars , miss , " wailed Bridget
"Oh , the Blissid Vargin , and how am I
to git tin dollars betwixt now and to-
merry night ? And the childher wid no
breakfast. "
It was only a moment that Nellie hes
itated. Straight to her room she went ,
and taking from the drawer the precious
pink parcel she walked swiftly to her
cousin Angela's home.
"I've concluded to accept your < ffer ,
Angio , " she said , as she threw it into
her lap.
"Thought you'd come to your senses , "
said Angela. "Say , if you want a hat go
down to Stewart's and get that gray
chiffon with the violets. " It's a perfect
dream ! "
Nellie almost sobbed as she hurried
back toward home , her purse enriched
be $25. She made straight for Doaoon
"I've come to pay Mrs. O'Leary's rent ,
Deacon , " said she. "Will you please
give me receipt ? "
The deacon looked somewhat abashed ,
and muttering something apologetic about
"heavy expenses and hard times. " jnarte
out the receipt which Nellie accepted ,
and thanking him hurried on'to the near
est , grocery , where she ordered a bill of
groceries to be delivered at Tim
O'Leary's that cause dtho clerk to open
his eyes in mild astonishment She re
served $5 of the money for n final call ,
which she paid to their own family phy
sician , who , after listening to Nellie's
story , promised to look after Tim until
he was able to go to work again.
Eight people were happy that night ,
and as Nellie stopped at the O'Leary's
next morning on her way to church and
saw the children's happy faces and heard
the heartfelt thanks of the honest wom
an and her helpless husband already bet
ter from the little encouragement that
had brightened their apparently hopeless
prospects , she was more than repaid for
her sacrifice.
Her cousin Angela's look of astonish
ment and disgust as she entered 'he
church posing airily in her pew arrayed
in an imported gown and artistic hat ,
had no terrors for her , and as the beau
tiful notes of the Easter anthem rose
and swelled around her and she inhaled
the perfume of the lilies which drifted
to her from the altar , she bowed hei
head upon her hands in silent prayer af
peace with * all the world. Cincinnat
The White JLily a Symbol.
Of the many species of lilies grown
throughout the world the white lily of
the Orient has the oldest history as a
cultivated flower. Its origin is supposed
to be in China , but long before the daj's
when annalists took cognizance of the
cultivation of flowers it was common
throughout western Asia and Greece. It
is the lily generally referred to in the
Hebrew Scriptures , although commenta
tors say that "the lilies of the field"
spoken of by Jesus in the rermon on the
mount were the red anemones , with
which all the hills of Galilee arc dotted
in the spring. In heathen Asia the white
lily was the emblem of purity. The
Greeks had a myth that it sprang from
the milk of Hera , queen of the gods , with
H-hom the Roman Juno was afterward
identified. The Greeks also held the lily
to be the highest type of purity. In the
jarly centuries of the Christian era the
lew religion made this idea a little more
sublime , and the lily became the symbol
) f heavenly purity. Thus the lily is fit-
: ingly associated with the Easter cere-
nonies. Pittsburg Dispatch.
Symbol of the Easter Egg.
When the nations of the west , or Eu-
ope , were converted to Christianity , the
sentiment of the egg was universally ac
cepted as a suggestive sj-mbol of their
! aith in the risen Savior , and it has ever
since remained the most favored figure
f the Easter festivities all over the con-
Irient The children , who rule the heart
ind home of mankind , are doubtless re
sponsible for the keeping alive of this
> Id custom , for they love and demand the
isit of the rabbit , with his nest of beau-
iful eggs , on the glad Easter morn , just
is they love and long for the coming of
[ ear Santa on Christmas eve.
"Easter in Early England.
The Saxons and Angles celebrated the
ime as "sacred to the Goddess Ostara ,
ind some part of her worship , taken every
y the more austere Christians , survives
till in the springtime festivals , especial-
y in the countries of northern Europe.
ror a long time the Christian Easter was
in eight-day thanksgiving , approximat-
ng the time devoted by the pagans to
heir celebration. It was afterward cut
[ own to three days , then to two and
inally dwindled to a single day , commem-
rative of the resurrection.
A laugh , to be joyous , must flow from
L joyous heart , for without kindness
here can be no true joy. Carlyle.
There Is no tyrant 1'ke custom , and f
10 freedom where its ed'cts are not
eslsted. Bovee.
What a Woman Says About Western
Although many men have written to
this paper regarding the prospects of
Western Canada , and its great possi
bilities , it may not be uninteresting to
give the experience of a woman set-- '
tier , written to Mr. M. V. McJnnes , the
agent of the Government at Detroit ,
Mich. If the reader wishes to get
further information regarding West
ern Canada it may be obtained by
writing any of the agents of the Gov
ernment whose name is attached to tjie
advertisement appearing elsewhere in
this paper.
The following is the letter referred
to :
Ililldown , Alberta , Feb. 5. 1003.
Dear Sir I have been here now
nearly five years , and thought I would
write you a woman's impression of
Western Canada in Alberta. There
are several ranchers in this district
who , in addition to taking care of their
cattle , carry on farming as well. Their
herds of cattle number from 100 to
200 or oOO head , and live out all winter - '
ter without any shelter than the pop- .
Jar bluffs , and they come in in the-
spring in good ordqr. Most of the'
ranchers feed their cattle part of the
time , about this time of the year , but
I have seen the finest fat cattle I ever
saw that never got a peck of grain
only fattened on the grass. You see ll
have learned to talk farm since I ,
came here farming is the greatest !
business here. I know several in this3
district who never worked a day on ;
the farm till they came here , and nave
[ lone well and are getting well off.
I think this will be the garden of
the Northwest some day. and that day
not very far distant There has been
i great change since we came here ,
ind there will be a greater change in
the next live year . The winters are '
ill anyone could wish for. We have
eery little snow , and the climate is fine
ind healthy. Last summer was wet ,
but not to an extent to damage crops ,
svhich were a large average yield , and
the hay was immense and farmers
svore a broad smile accordingly.
We have , good schools : the Govern-
nent pays 70 per cent of the expense
) f education , which is a great boon in
i new country. Of course , churches of
lifferent denominations follow the set- '
: lements. Summer picnics and winter
concerts are all well attended , and as
uuch , or more , enjoyed as in the East.
kVho would not prefer the pure air of
his climate with its broad acres of
ine farms , Its rippling streams , its
Beautiful lakes , its millions of wild
lowers , its groves of wild fruit of ex-
luisite flavor , Its streams and lakes
eeming with fish and its prairies and
) luffs with game , to the crowded and
itiff state of society in the East ? I
vould like to go home for a visit some
ime , but not to go there to live , even
f presented with the best farm in
Michigan. Beautiful Alberta , I will
lever leave It And my verdict is only
L repetition of all who have settled in
his country. This year. I believe , will
dd many thousands to our population ,
nd if the young men , and old men
Iso. knew how easy they could make
home free of all incumbrance In this
ountry. thousands more would have
ettled here. I would sooner have 160
cres here than any farm where I
ame from in Michigan : but the people
n the East are coming to a knowledge
f this country , and as they do thev
rill come West in thousands. All winE -
E > r people have been arriving in Al-
erta , and I in
suppose other parts r.s
rell , which is unusual , so we expect
great rush when the weather gets
. * ariner.
We have no coal famine here ; coal
an be bought in the towns for $2 to
3. according to distance from the
lines , and many haul their own coal
rom the mines , getting it there for 50 '
ents to a dollar a ton.
Very truly yours.
Prof. Tizzoni of Home believes her
as dicsovered a serum for coring
Money refunded for each package
The chronic borrower seldom
man back in his own coin.
S007HUCG SYRUP for cWiOren
softens the gums , reduces
Hayi pain , cure * wind coUlc. S5c bottle.
Onions should be kept in a cool , dry
lace , but they should never be placed
L the Icebox. They- win keep weri if
at in paper bags and hung up.
It is sometimes difficult to keep
lisins ' , figs and dates away from an-
cying' little ants and roaches , but this
easily accomplished by putting them
i paper bags that have been -well
rushed over with strong borax watered
od dried before the fruit fe p t "m.
he little pests do not like the borax
nd will not gnaw through the sack
hen thw prepare * .

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