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CHILE GETS SHOCK
Earthquake Wrecks Valparaiso and Other Cities. HUNDREDS ARE DEAD Fire Follows Quake and Victims Are Roasted in Demolished Homes. . / , , , . . * f Disaster Similar to Tliat nt San Francisco Befalls Port and Capi tal of Southern Republic Tidal TFavo Leaves Trail of Disaster Miles of Pacific Coast Line of 8 oath America "Wrecked. One of the worst earthquake disas ters In the history of South America occurred In Chile , with the City of Valparaiso as the focus point of the calamity , accordIng - Ing to cables from Valparaiso , Bue nos Ayres , and oth er South Ameri can points. Ad * I- vices are to the ef fect that a large part oi' Valparaiso has been blotted out , with an appalling loss of life and tHe destruction of mil lions of dollars' worth of property , while frightful damage has also been caused to other towns and villages for hundreds of miles up and down the coast in Chile and Peru , by the suc cession of earthquake shocks which WATER FRONT OF CHILEAN CITY VISITED BY B IG EARTHQUAKE. wrecked the entire Pacific coast line of South America Thursday night So widespread and so great is the disaster that it was impossible as yet to gather more than the most frag mentary details , but enough is known to make it sure that the catastrophe ranks second only to that in San Fran cisco. As was the case in San Fran cisco , famine threatens the tens of thou- ean s of survivors of the earthquake. The earthquake caused such terrible immediate damage that all communica tion wars stopped between Chile and the remainder of the world. The most ter rible rumors were afloat In Argentina and Brazil as to the extent of the Chi lean disaster , some reports being to the effect that not only has Valparaiso been largely destroyed but that the earthquake has caused sweeping loss In life and property from one end of Chile to the other. According to some of these reports , 'Chile Is said to be a land of wreck , desolation and death from the southern to the northern boundary. Sliips Lost In Harbor. Following the first shock , which came without warning and was of terrific force , a tidal wave swept in from the ferno of death , suffering and desola tion. Crossed tlie Andes. t From the few details of the earth quake obtainable it appears that the disturbance passed south along the Pa cific coast and cross the Andes at Buenos Ayres. During the night the volcano of Tupungato was heard roar ing , and the people fled to the churches to pray for safety. At San Juan , in the Andes , high winds accompanied the shocks. The shock around Los Andes was severe , and it is feared that the town has been destroyed. Tb shocks also seriously affected the towns of Rosario , Aranas , Rloja , San Luis , and Tucuman. The disturbance was felt at some points in the Argentine republic. The earthquake occurred about 8 o'clock Thursday evening , and it was of such tremendous violence that the seismographs In Washington , Balti more and other American cities regis tered the shocks plainly. In Baltimore the needle was thrown off the registerIng - Ing cylinder. Is in Enrtlnitm'ke Belt. Valparaiso is in a marked earth- * J . I ' RAILROAD STATION OF VALPARAISO. ocean. Many vessels were borne aloft by it and hurled high and dry ashore where their wrecks are now lying. Just above the city one steawshlp lies near ly a half mile Inland , her plates rip ped and torn by the rocks and her hull half burled in the sand. The damage to the shipping Is be yond computation. At the time of the catastrophe the harbor was filled with shipping from all ports of the world , jnaHy of the vessels being laden with * * & . rich cargoes. More than half of them * * ashore and most of the latter It be Impossible to float again. Scores of seamen lost their lives as the great tidal wave swept the vessels ashore , nd for miles along the coast In the , Orand Tlxal PUr ( llPuerto.foidiWtt ) OtFloating Ihelc PatKiiaer ZJ'A'Y' MAP OF VALPARAISO AND VICINITY. city the beaches are strewn with dead bodies and all kinds of wreckage. The misery of the Chilean Inhabit ants is almost indescribable. It must be remembered that it is mid-winter there and that the rigors of the climate add to the suffering of the thousands who have beeu made homeless. Two Severe Shocks Felt. There were two distinct shocks in Valparaiso , the second one causing most of the damage. Scores of houses crumpled up like so many card struc tures , while others were engulfed by the chasms of the earthquake , and hun dreds of men , women and children were blotted out of existence. The city became a raging sea of flame , fires mak ing headway in a dozen different sec tions , most of the city which escaped the earthquake's ravages being doom ed by the flames. The fire-fighting forces of Valparaiso were powerless against the tremendous extent of the flames and little could be done to check their onslaught An extremely large number of per sons in Valparaiso who were not killed instantly by the earthquake's effects suffered injury from tumbling walls , and the list of the maimed and wound ed will probably run into the thous ands. The scenes in Valparaiso have probably never been approached in the western hemisphere except at San Francisco , the city being an utter in- quake belt. The city was partly de stroyed in 1S55 by a seismic shock , and many people lost their lives. In 1SSO another earthquake visited the city and caused considerable damage , though the loss of life was Insignificant There have been shocks of less violent lent nature in other years. The recur ring disturbances have caused some of the residents of the city to build with a view to earthquake resistance , but In th main the town's structures cut- side of the business center are frail. In one densely populated section ihe streets are tortuous and narrow end the dwellings are so built as to offer weak resistance to an earth disturb ance. STATISTICS OP THE CHILEAN EAETHQUAKB. .EFFECT IX VALPARAISO. Dead ( conservative estimate ) 2,000 Injured ( conservative estimate ) 7,000 10K Homeless 100,000 Property loss $250,000,000 Number of shocks . / . 382 | Duration of shocks ( hours ) 60 ' Area of city destroyed 60 per cent Biff Building's Destroyed. Arsenal. Bank of Tarapacay. Naval schools. Spanish Italian bn'k ' Victoria theater. Bellavista station. Italian legation. Espiritu Santo Hotel Royal. church. Electric light plant. La Marced church. Bank of Chile. Gas and water wks. EFFECT IN SANTIAGO. Dead ( official report ) 55 Injured 1,000 Homeless 10,000 Property loss $6,000,000 Rig : Bnlldlngrs Destroyed. Parliament building. National library. Municipal building. Archbishop's palace. Court house. Peruvian legation. Central market. President's palace. INTERIOR CITIES DEMOLISHED Chile. Population , J Vina del Mar 12,000 J San Felipe 12,000 Quillota 9,000 Illapel 5,000 Vallenar 5,000 Los Andes 5,000 Limache 4,000 Quilpque 4,000 Llai Llal 2,500 _ Quiltei 2,000 Libat 1,500 ' Argentina. Tucuman 50,000 Andre 3,000 Inca , 2,500 Historic Earthquakes. Year. Place. Victims. 345 B. C. Dujs , Greece , buried and 12 cities destroyed in Campania Thousand 1 157 Asia and Macedonia. . .Thousands 557 Constantinople damaged.Thousanda ' 742 Syria , Palestine and Asia , 500 towns destroyed. .Thousands 1158 Syria 20,000 ' 12SG Cilicia 60,000 1450 Naples 40,000 , 1531 Lisbon 30,000 , 1626 Kingdom of Naples , 30 villages destroyed 70,000 1693 Sicily , 54 cities and 300 villages damaged 100,000 , 1703 Jeddo , Japan 200,000) ) i 1731 Pekin , China 100,000 i 1754 Grand Cairo 40,000 j 1755 Lisbon 50,000 | 1829 rSpain , numerous vil lages destroyed 6,000. 1857 Calabria , Italy . . .i 10,000 1863 Manila , Philippine Isl ands 1,000 1868 Peru and Ecuador 25,000 1887 Southern Europe 2,000 1891 Japan 4,000 1905 Calabria , Italy 500 1906 San Francisco 2,500 In view of the visit of the earth quake so closely following the San Francisco disaster it is Interesting to uote that the formation of the land and the surroundings of Valparaiso are similar to those of San Francisco. The climate also is Almost identical with that of the California city. In addition to the fear of earthquakes , the Valparaiso people are in constant dread of storms , which sweep Jn sud denly and frequently from the sea. Some of the most violent storms have j been coincident with earthquake Chocks , and the possibility that the two disturbances are allied in origin ic a matter in which science is interested. Although the main commercial cen ter and the seat of government of Chile .seem to have suffered most severely from the disturbance grave alarm is felt for the safety of the inhabitants of scores of other places along the coast , as the whole lower Andes range was severely shaken. As at San , Francisco , famine threat ens the tens of thousands of survivors of the disaster , and an appeal for world-wide relief is expected from devastated republic. Thure are 130,000,000 Russians and only one Czar. This is what seems to make ir one-sided. Philadelphia Press. The sweet boy graduates are of two classes these who hunt for jobs and those who accept positions. New .York Mail. Mail.Wheat Wheat is 10 cents cheaper a bushel than at this time last year. Bread should be cheaper , too. New York W rld. From the way the rubber trust is stretching out ene can see that its di rectors favor an elastic policy. New York Herald. The Russian peasant is taking ad vantage of the calm that precedes the storm to get in his harvest. Philadel . phia Inquirer. Dowie has been ousted from Zion City by the courts. Now is the time for him to "make " " " good" as a "restorer. ) New York Herald. The people of this country wanted to know what they were eating , and , having - ing found out , are not quite happy. Philadelphia Ledger. It will probably suit the Russian ter- ] rorists as well to scare the ozar to death as to smite him with a bomb. Philadelphia Inquirer. Now a Boston scientist has discov . , ered seventeen varieties of germs on a ten-dollar bill. Boil your ten-dollar bills. Washington Post There is only one 'bridge that never goes down under stress of weather , and that is being played at summer resorts. New York Commercial. Before being shot , General Stoessel is to be dismissed from the army. That means he is to be fired first and shot afterward. Washington Post. About the easiest job now in sight in St. Petersburg would be that of takinj. the census of the American residents of that city. New York Tribune. "Uncharted rock , " says the captain of the Siro. Four hundred lives is a high price for such an addition to cart ography. New York American. Sir Thomas Lipton is coming for that eup with two yachts next time. All right if two yachts can sail faster than one. Philadelphia Inquirer. The Carnegie Steel Company will drill a well 6,000 'feet. What an ex cellent hole for President Corey to crawl into. Philadelphia Ledger. Back , back to your pagoda , bat-eyed Gaekwar of Baroda ; well for you you'd left our beaches ere you failed to praise our peaches. New York American.s Pittsburg has a way of keeping in the news , what with rich men who marry actresses and bank cashiers who turn defaulters. New York World. A university professor claims it is possible to live without brains. Has probably examined the fellow who rocked the boat. New York American. , Dr. Andrew D. White says that mur- der trials are farcical. Perhaps he refers - fers to those conducted in the columns of the yellow press. Philadelphia Led ger. Henry W. Hering , cashier of the ruined Chicago bank , says he knew nothing about the looting. Why didn't he ? That's his business. Philadelphia Press. If the proposed method of making ' paper from cotton stalks proves a suc- cass ( the American forests will feel a little less apprehensive. New York World. The ice trust fears a famine because it cannot get enough men to handle its product. Has it tried offering wages as big as Its profits ? Philadelphia In quirer. < "Heads you lose , tails we win , " seems to 1 be about the show some of the Chi- cage banks give their depositors for their 1 money nowadays. New York Commercial. ' Maxim Gorky is making a lot of noise not ] dissimilar to that of a man who has been * bootcd" off the front stoop and is trying to stifle his rage. Phila delphia Press. It must * be highly diverting to the Japanese to watch the Russians smash ing that part of their armament that did not get into the late unpleasant ness. Chicago Post. Bv the way , what has become of our | old friend Count Witte t ? From his con tinued silence we infer that he is se creted somewhere among the tall grass. -Philadelphia Press. I New York is suffering from a short age of chorus girls. There doesn't seem to be any relief in sight unless the man agers lower the age limit to 42. Phil adelphia North American. The English judge who bars sketching - ing of scenes in the divorce court sets ti a good example. The courts and their tiP tiP proceedings should not be exploited for P popular amusement. New York Trib- e une. Colonel Watterson is curious to know if the new slang skiddoo is any improvement on tbe old slang skedad dle. It Is. It Is shorter and better adapted to tbese busy times. Philadel phia Press. The fire insurance companies need $ not expect to hear -the last of their shameless methods in San Francisco so long as they -welch or quibble over their obligations. They have been guil ty of the most foolish business policy at conceivable. New York World , , A FAMHIAB CRY FROM THE NORTHWEST. Sioux City Journal. CUBAN REVOLUTION BEGUN. Insurrector Kills Lieutenant Cap ture Eiffht of His Men in Battle. Government officials In Cuba reluc tantly admit a revolution has begun. Reports from the interior tell of the first Important bat tle and the danger or fresh uprisings. In a fight near Hoyo Colorado the insurrectos killed Lieut. Roque or the ru rales and I captured eight of his men. Two of the rebels were slain. PRESIDENT PALMA. President Palma has issued a decree increasing the rurale guard force by 2,000 men. It is reported that Secretary of Public Worke Montvalvo has been placed in command. According to a Havana dispatch Guerra is advancing to take Piutir del Rio with 800 men , wao are marching in three columns. There are only 300 rurales defending the city. The rebel movement in Pinar del Rio is w.de- spread. Some estimates place the num ber of rebels there at 2,000. It is ru mored that Jose Miguel Gomez , with 600 men , is 'heading an uprising in Sanctus ; Spiritus. It is impossible to tell how big the movement is. If Go mez is in arms it is a serious'affair. . EI It is also rumored there is an uprising in ] Cardenas. It is reported that a cab inet : crisis is imminent and that Senor O'Farrill , secretary ofthe government , will resign. Ever since the riotous disturbances attending the Cuban general elections last year there have been mutterings of discontent and occasional insurrection ary enterprises in various parts of the island. At that time there was a violent lent clash between the moderates and the liberal parties , and Gen. Jose Mi guel Gomez , the liberal candidate , open ly defied the Palma government , declar ing it to foe guilty of election frauds. and various forms of coercion. Riotous | , , disturbances , involving 'bloodshed ' , fol lowed < at Cienfuegos and elsewhere. The present revolutionary movement in the provinces of Santiago , Havana and Pinar del Rio indicates that the f men who have 'been ' inspiring the vari ous riots , dynamite plots and insurrec tionary demonstrations that followed last year's elections are still busy. Gen. Gomez is again atthe head of the trou ble and -the movement has assumed a sufficiently serious form to warrant the government ia mobilizing troops , a pitched ibattle 'being ' already reported. The 'fact ' that rebel proclamations are being liberally distributed among the rural guards recalls Gomez's boasts of a year ago that in a crisis 0 per cent of the troops would be found taking sides against the government. There is little to indicate that the present movement is anything other than an uprising of political malcon tents < and adventurers Jbent on getting control of the offices , though the recent action of President Palma in forcing the liberals out of power in the Havana tjc council , causing them to resign in a body , may be the immediate exciting cause. At the time of the disturbance of last year it was reported that the revolutionaries' real object was to cre ate a situation which would menace the government with a threat of interven tion 'by ' the United States. It is quite prohable that their activity now is for political effect , with an eye to a more even division of governmental patron age. Deepening : the Delaware Cbannel. The active work of dredging the Dea- ware river channel to a minimum depth of thirty feet was begun by the govern ment dredges at the joint expense of the city and State , which have appropriated $750,000 for this purpose. Lynching Postals Barred. Postmaster Ramsay at Salisbury , N. C. . refused to transmit postal cards bearing photographs of the recent negro lynching- that place. This action has now been confirmed by the department at Washing ton , and the cards will be confiscated NEW MEAT INSPECTION LAW. Secretary "Wilson Anxious to Re store Confidence in Our Products. After the first day of October next every piece of meat which leaves a pack ing house or slaughter house will bear a brand or label marked "U. S. inspected and passed. " And according to regula tions which were issued by the Secretary of Agriculture the other day this brand or lab'el will be a notification to the world that the United States absolutely guaran tees , under its official seal , that the pro duct is clean , wholesome , and that it was packed and slaughtered under the most careful sanitary conditions which the in genuity of man can devise. According to the census reports of the year 1900 there were 929 packing plants in the United States. The total capital invested in the industry was $237,099,440 , and the value of the annual product of these establishments reached the enormous total of $913,914,624. Of course this in cluded a great many small establishments which are not affected by the Wadsworth- Beveridge law , and the Secretary of Ag riculture is not prepared to say at present just how many of these plants will be sub ject to government inspection , but the Secretary does say , and he says it with a great deal of emphasis , that no establish ment which fails to provide itself with government inspectors will be permitted to ship a ham , a quarter of beef or a can , of goods , in which meat enters as a com ponent part , to any place outside the State inwhich the establishment is unless it first provides for government inspec tion. tion.The The new law will be put into full force and effect on the first day of next Octo ber. On that day every ham , every side of beef , every strip of bacon , every can of lard , every -package - of meat food pro ducts , in fact , every particle of food of which meat forms a part , whether in a barrel , box , can or canvas sack , or in any ; receptacle or container , or loose , must bear a government stamp before a railroad company will accept it for shipment to a point outside the State in which it was prepared. LABOR FAMINE IN NORTHWEST. Asrrlcnlture and Industrial Sections Ijoudly Call for Help. Scarcity of labor is the cry all over the Northwest from the head of the lakes to the wheat fields of the Dakotas , where the demand has reached a critical stage. In many cases the farmers are offering from $2.50 to $3 per day and board and have not more than 50 per cent of the la bor ' they require. The same conditions are being experienced in all lines of in dustry , including the railroads , contrac tors and miners both on the range and in the copper country. The labor famine in the Northwest is pronounced the worst in the history ofthe section. f Even Chicago's bank failures are on a huge scale. Zion City's call for help is not ad dressed to the ravens. No place left for that Syrian leper , if appears , but a balloon. The Monroe d-octrine must be pleased at having a hall in Rio named after it. That New York woman's hotel is al ready having troflble with the age limit. In Russia when a workman strikes novt the government strikes back -with a club. Now that the Longworths are home the country can afford to look cheerful again , Russell Sage's body lies moldering in the grave , but his coin keeps working on. The assassination business seems to b the only thing that is flourishing in Rus sia. Miss Viola Allen announces one of th last of her positive retirements from the stage. General Strike doesn't seem to be any more of a success than the other Russian , generals. There is a suspicion in some quarters that the Czar's famous "iron hand" is sheet iron. It will be conceded that Pittsburg is the greatest steel , freight and trouble center in the < world. The Standard Oil Company will have to use the card system to keep all its indict ments straight.