Newspaper Page Text
I. M. RICE Editor and Proprietor. MARK ZARR Foreman. fEntered at the poatoilice at Valentine , Cherry county , Nebr. . as Second - - Class Matter. f TERMS : 1 Subscription 81.00 per year in advance ; $1.50 when not paid in advance. i Display Advertising 1 inch single column loc per issue or $6.00 a year. } Local Notices , Obituaries , Lodge Resolutions and Socials for revenue 5c . per line per issue. 0. 1 Brands , li inches-84.00 per year in advance ; additional space $3.00 per year ; engraved blocks extra $1.00 each. 10 per cent additional to above rates if over 6 months in arrears. , Parties living outside Cherry county are requested to pay in advance. Notices of losses of stock free to brand advertisers. THURSDAY , JANUARY 24 , 1907. SENATOR BURKETT'S LEASE BILL Mr. Burkett Introduced the Following Bill on January \ 8 , Which was Read Twice and Referred to the | Committee on Public Lands : I _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ * A BILL Providing for the control of graz ing upon the public lands in the arid states and territories of the Unite'd States. Whereas there are approximate ly four hundred million acres of public lands which yield no reve nue to the government or the states , and the larger part of which under present conditions is not suitable for cultivation , nor locat ed so that it can be reclaimed by irrigation , nor valuable for tim ber or mineral , but useful only for pasturing live stock ; and Whereas there is no authoritive control , either public or private , of grazing upon the lands , and this area is not being used to the best interests of the people , nor under a system which secures its full grazing value , but is being used in a way which destroys to a large extent the turf , grass and forage upon the land ; and Whereas there is no law to pre vent overcrowding of the public range nor to authorize occupancy thereof , for which reasons no in centive exists to protect and im prove the range or to establish a permanent business thereon , and many controversies arise , resulting in both loss of life and destruction of prpperty ; and Whereas to safeguard their business interests and improve both the quality of stock and the condition of the range it is neces- .sary in many localities for stock men to secure the right of exclus ive use of the range by fencing ; and Whereas grazing on the public lands is a valuable privilege pro tected by Federal and State laws , and therefore it is fair and equit able that persons allowed a definite use of the public lands should pay a fair price for such privilege and for the protection given them ; and Whereas it is essential that homesteading of these lands be en couraged where practicable by as surance to the homesteader of reasonable grazing facilities for such number of stock as is neces sary to consume the products 'of his agricultural lands ; and Whereas the Secretary of Agri culture is already charged with the sanitary protection of live stock and its movement from one state to another , also with experi mental investigations to preserve and improve the forage , and to propogate grasses and forage plants suitable to improve grazing conditions upon the public lands , and with the administration of forest-reserve grazing lands ad jacent to and interspersed with the public lands herein mentioned ; and Whereas the administi ation of the forest reserves by the De partment of Agriculture under the present system of permitting graz ing thereon protects the growth of grass and other forage , encour ages and aids the permanent es tablishment of the live-stock busi ness thereon , gives such oppor tunity to the use thereof as is most beneficial to the public , and en courages rather , than retards the establishment of homes and the permanency of business ; and Whereas the application of a similar system to the graz ing of the public lands is to the public interest : Now , there fore , in order to secure the objects and benefits hereinabove set forth , to obtain a revenue form the non- arable public lands , to control grazing upon the public range , to protect and improve the forage , to recognize and protect range equi ties , and to encourage the estab lishment of homes' and the per manency of business : ' BE IT ENACTED BY THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA IN CONGRESS ASSEMBLED That the President of the United States is hereby authorized to establish from time t o time , b .y proclamation , grazing districts upon the unreserved , un appropriated public lands of the United States. Thereupon , the Secretary of Agriculture , under rules and regulations prescribed by him , shall execute or cause to be executed the provisions of this Act and all other laws affecting the grazing or use of public lands within such grazing districts , ex cept such laws as affect the sur veying , prospecting , locating , ap propriating , entering , relinquish ing , reconveying , certifying , or patenting of any lands within such grazing districts ; appoint all of ficers necessary for their adminis tration and protection ; regulate their use for grazing purposes ; protect them from depredation and injury ; restore and improve their grazing value ; issue permits to graze live stock thereon for periods of not more than ten .years , giving preference when practicable to homesteaders and to present occupants of the range wlio own improved ranches or who have provided water for live stock grazed on the public lands , and charge and collect reasonable fees for such grazing permits , as is now done for the use of forest-reserve land , products and resources , based upon the grazing value of the land in each locality. Sec. 2. That lands within such GRANT BOYER CARPENTER & BUILDER. i All kinds of wood work done to order. Stock tanks made in all sizes Valentine , - . Nebraska grazing districts shall be continual ly subject to homestead entry and to other appropriation and dispos al under all public laws : PROVID ED , That after the establishment of any , such grazing district , m form of location , settlement ot entry thereon shall give a right t- grazing privileges on public land- except when made under laws re quiring cultivation or agricultura use of the land : PROVIDED , Th permits to graze live stock upoi land which is subsequently ap propriated under any public-Ian- law'shall not be affected by sue subsequent appropriation , excel * as to the land actually appropriat en , until the end of the currem annual grazing period : PROVIDEI FURTHER , That no permit shall IM given to any such settler or entr.\ - man which will entitle him to th use of any buildings , corrals , fences , reservoirs , or other im provements owned or controlled by a prior occupant until he has paid such prior occupant a reason able pro rata value for the use ol such improvements. If the parties- interested cannot agree , then the amount of such payment shall bt determined under rules of th Secretary of Agriculture : ANI PROVIDED FURTHER , That land up on which buildings , corrals , reser voirs , wells , or other improve ments owned or lawfully controlled by the holder of a grazing permit have been established shall nni. when any such improvements ex ceed one hundred dollars in valm as determined by rules of the Sec retary of Agriculture , be subject to settlement or appropriation un der the public land laws during the permit period without the consent of the owner of such buildings , coi- rals , reservoirs ; wells or other im provements : and when such im provements are worth less than one hundred dollars , settlement may not be made upon lands con taining them during the permit period until the new occupant ha- paid such amount for the im provements as may be determined under the rules of the Secretary of Agriculture. Sec. 3. That no grazing per mits issued under this Act shall prohibit settlers , prospectors , and others from entering upon such grazing districts for all proper anfl lawful purposes , including the u-e and enjoyment of their rights and property , and prospecting , locating and developing the min eral resources of such district ? ; and wagon roads or improvements may be constructed thereon in ac cordance with law. Sec. 4. That the Secretary of Agriculture may set aside such public lands in any grazing dis = trict as are not occupied by a bona fide settler or claimant under the public-land laws not to exceed in any one case three per centum of all public lands in any grazing district when such lands are need ed for schools , churches , and state or county buildings , or for public , administrative , experimental , or improvement purposes under this or any other law ; and when lands so set aside have been listed in the local land office they shall not be subject to settlement , entry , or location under the public-land laws until such lists are revoked by the Secretary. All waters on public land or subject to the jurisdiction of the United States within such grazing districts may be used for domestic , mining , milling , or ir rigation purposes under the laws > f the state or territory wherein such grazing districts are situated > r under the laws of the United States and the rules and regula tions established thereunder. Sec. 5. That the Secretary of Agriculture shall fix a date , which shall not be less than one year from the establishment of any grazing district , and after such late the pasturing of any class of live stock on public land in the grazing district without a permit > btained as-herein provided shall constitute a misdemeanor and shall be punishable by a fine of not less nhan ten dollars nor more than me thousand dollars , or by im prisonment for not less then ten Jays nor more than one year , or both such fine and imprisonment , in the discretion of the court. Sec. 6. That so much of the special forest reserve fund pro- vUed for in section five of the Act of February first , nineteen hun dred and five ( volume thirty-three of the United Statutes at Large , pige six hundred and twenty- eight ) , as the Secretary of Agri culture from time to time allot is hereby appropriated , to be avail able until expended , for the pay ment of expenses necessary to execute the provisions of this Act , and all money collected for graz ing fees under this Act shall be deposited in the treasury as a special grazing fund , which is hereby appropriated , to be ex pended as follows : Ten per cent um of all money received from each grazing district during any fiscal year shall be paid at the end thereof by the Secretary of the Treasury to the state or territory in which said grazing district is situated , to be expended as the s&a.e or territorial legislatare may prescribe for the benefit of the county or counties in which the grazing district is situated : PRO VIDED , That when any grazing district is in more than one state or territory or county the dis tributive share of each from the proceeds of said grazing districts s tall be proportional to its area therein. The residue of such re ceipts from all grazing districts shall firot be used to reimburse the special forest reserve fuad here tofore mentioned for money allot ted therefrom as provided in this section , and the remainder is here by appropriated and shall be avail * able until expended in accordance with specific estimates of expendi ture to be submitted by the Sec- ratary of Agriculture with the estimates of appropriation in the annual Book of Estimates for the administration , protection and im provement of all the grazing dis tricts. Sec. 7. That the President is hereby authorized at any time to modify any proclamation estab lishing any grazing district , and by such modification may reduce the area or change the boundry lines of such grazing district or may vacate altogether any procla mation creating it. We print Senator Burkett's proposed lease bill in this issue , which was introduced Jan. 8 , 1907 , and was read twice and referred to the committee on public lands. Farmers , ranchmen and homesteaders should read this bill carefully , then think it over and read it again. If you don't find the hooks and claws then , read it again. The bill is misleading and far from being what it purports for the encouragement of homes and home steaders. The bill is bad from many standpoints. Many of our people say that any lease bill is bad and point to the early history and development of this country at no time of which a lease bill has been in op eration nor thought of except by a few men who failed in their efforts to buy up the government domain or to im port old soldiers and widows enough to homestead it to their satisfaction. A lease bill was the next best thing with "hooks and claws" on it to enable them to hold the land ten years by putting $100 worth of improvements upon it. Thus the sixth "whereas" is killed outright and the eighth badly crippled , by the provisions of sec tion 2 , ( lines 1 to 9 on page 5 of the original bill ) . Section 5 of this bill deals a death blow to home- ( Continued top of next page. ) light , digestible wholesome food. Economy Only one heap ing teaspoonful is needed for one quart of flour. Made Furniture and Hardware , Household Neces sities in the best Enamel Ware , Eustless Tin , Copper and Nickle Plated Cooking Vessels. Everything to furnish the home. My goods were bought before the raise. Come and get them at the old prices which are equal to a big discount. To see is to believe. Come and be convinced. FRANK FISCHER , Hardware , Furniture and Coal. XCHANGE Liquor Center A HAPPY NEW YE All to you , and may you start it EIGHT by using the RIGHT KIND'of WINES and LIQUORS. With us PURITY and BEST QUALITY means "RIGHT , " and we guaran tee our goods to be that in every sense of the word. And while all good Wines , Whiskeys , Cordials , etc. . must vary according to vintage and ago , they should be pure and free from adultera tions under all conditions , which is what we claim. We desire the PUBLIC TO KNOW that we are neither BLENDERS , COMPOUNDERS XOR RECTIFIERS ; also that we use the utmost care to purchase our goods from the most reliable houses in Amnric-i , and just as we get them , they pa s into tlm hands of our customers. NO SPURIOUS IMITATIONS or IMPURE LIQ- OURS OFFERED FOR SALE WE HAVE THE LARGEST ASSORTMENT IN TOWN WHOLESALE DEALER IN LTENDORFF PABST AND KRUG BEERS Monthly Meteorological Summary , STATION : Valentine , Nebr. MONTH : December * 1906 NOTE : "T" indicates trace of precipitation ; " neiow zero ; "PC" partly cloudy. JOHN J. MCLEAN , Observer Weather Bureau. Jake Stetter buys cattle and hogs and anything the farmers hare to sell. Office is where I Lee's barber shop was , east side i of Main street. If you want to buy or sell anything see me. Xo deal is too large and none are too small. J. W. STETTER , 1 50 Valentine , ! N"e5. LET US FIGURE ON YOUR LUMBER BILLS BISHOP & PNG , Cody , Neb.