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* FRISCO RISES AGAIN.
TWO.THIRDS REBUILT ON FIRST ANNIVERSARY OF DISASTER. Over 51OOOOOOOO Expended In Hc- conHtruction and 5OOOO "Workmen Arc XOYF Bu.xy Stricken Clty'x g ? Recovery. San Francisco correspondence : With a consciousness of a duty well performed in rehabilitating her de stroyed commercial section San Fran cisco has celebrated the first anniver sary of her cataclysm. One year ago saw the most awful experience that ever befell an American city , when earthquake and lire wrought their horrible rible ruin. To-day public utilities are again In operation adequate to the needs of the city ; nearly two-thirds of the area of four square miles which at sun set April 20 , 190G , was a scene of blackened brick heaps and twisted met al framework has been rebuilt and new structures are still going up at a rapid rate. Hence it was appropriate that the principal commercial body of the city should assemble at the banquet table at the Fairmount Hotel the other evening , witli governors and mayors of other States and cities as their guests , and celebrate the recovery with Joyous speech and song. How different the scene from the windows of the 2Tairmount Hotel about one year ago and now. * t Two thousand six hundred acres of buildings , a large part in the very tieart of the business section , had been swept away. Five hundred and four teen city blocks had become a mass of amoking ruins. Nothing was left of the wholesale and retail districts ex cept that here and there big steel frame buildings stood , scorched but firm , among the piles of bricks. Near ly CO miles of streets were impassable. blocked by fallen walls , twisted wires and Iroh trolley poles. Pavements and eldewalks were ruined by the intense teat Two hundred thousand people svere homeless , Food supplies , were gone , clothing was gone , bedding wis ; gone. For nearly half the people nothing was left but bare hands and stout hearts. The property loss amounted to a thousand millions. Men VIEW IN SAN FRANCISCO ONE YEAR AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE. worth millions became paupers in bose three days. In the days that fol lowed 250,000 people left the city and practically all that remained were compelled to live on the bounty of a .generous nation. I The Recovery. In spite of the incubus of a corrupt municipal administration , the City of the Golden Gate is rapidly reassuring .chape. Great blocks of brick , concrete - ; crete and stone are springing up in what a few short months ago was a .desolate waste , among which stood thousands of ruined walls , marking the sites of once proud business struc tures. Fifty thousand men are busy rebuilding the city , and when the .work is done and the last deep scar left by the hurricane of fire is re moved , San Francisco will be a greater , richer and better city than ever be- tfore. The buildings that are going up in nearly every case are better than those the fire swepf away. The old city was constructed of wood , even in .a great part of the business section. In all the down town districts now fireproof materials must be used in buildings. With feverish energy the work is progressing. On many structures two shifts working eight hours both are /employed , and from S in the morning until midnight the sound of hammer and saw and the steady grind of con crete mixers can be heard. Within a radius of five blocks from the corner of Kearny and Market streets there are in process of construction or re habilitation 14G fireproof buildings. iBetween June 1 , 1900 , and April 1 , 1907 , permits were issued for the erec tion of 811 fireproof and semi-fireproof buildings. Already the steep slopes of Telegraph and Russian hills are covered thickly with wooden resi dences , while the downtown streets are lined with business structures. Conservative estimates show that snore than $100,000,000 has been spent In reconstruction since the fire. .This amount would have been greatly Increased but for the difficulty of get ting building materials. The railway blockade which caused trouble through- oiit the country was felt with triple force in San Francisco. The complete reconstruction of manufacturing plants as well as the vast stores of goods and feulldlng materials kept In stock here 2eft the rebuilding of the city at the -mercy of thejxansportatloii companies. CHICAGO FAMILY POISONED. Father anil Mother Die and Other * Are Made III. Deadly poison administered by a per son with intent to annihilate an entire family has already filled two Chicago graves. Three attempts within three weeks were made , two of them while police were on the case. This is the ter rible fate of the Mette family , hounded by a mysterious , daring twentieth cen tury adept , who baffled the police and coroner's forces. Food the horn * pre pared food of the Mette family eaten unsuspectingly and with all confidence , has been the medium of the murders and attempted murders. Last March 30 , the entire family , consisting of Frank Mette , his wife , daughter and three sons , was stricken after eating fruit cake made by Mrs. Mette. Mrs. Mette died. It looked sus picious to the attending physician , and the police were called in. Arsenic was found in the flour. The only other wom an in the iiousehold , the daughter , Mrs. Mary Sladek , whose husband had just left her after a quarrel , and who was said to have twice attempted suicide recently , -was closely questioned , but nothing developed. Two weeks after the first illness and after all the survivors had recovered , one of them , the father , was again tak en 111 and died the next day. On the day following Mary Sladek became ill ana was taken to the hospital , when the police again questioned her repeatedly without developing a clew. This time poison was found in the flour bin. And two clays after that , with the father dead and sister in the hospital , the boys , Joseph , Rudolph and Charles , were again poisoned by eating oatmeal in which poison had been placed. The persistence of the poisoner made the police frantic and terrorized the Mette family. ASH FUEL SECRET OUT. Chemists Discover Formula. fo\ Burning- Coal AnheN. The remarkable ash burning secret dis covered by John Ellniorc , an Altoona , Pa. , cobbler , which has excited attention almost the \vorld over , is common psop- crty. Several well-known chemists , im mediately it was announced that Ellmore had solved the problem of obtaining heat from ashes , set to work to try to discover the formula. They were successful , and here it is : Common salt , one pound ; oxalic acid , two ounces ; water , one gallon. Mix and moisten with it a mixture containing one part coal and three parts ashes , and a better fuel than pure coal is obtained. The ashes of anthracite coal burn as readily as do those of bituminous coal. This mixture will , upon being placed upon a burning fire , fuse into a cokelike mass and deposit but little residue. Ellmore , who discovered the secret and focused attention upon the possibilities that lurked in ashes , says his patent will protect him in his secret. While it is conceded that Ellmore has conferred a great boon upon humanity , it is feared that he will not derive any tangible bene fits from his discovery. A Chriatian Science Decision. A novel and interesting decision was recently handed down by the Supreme Court of the State of Texas. The case was that of a lady who had sued the Fort Worth and Denver City Railway Company for damages on account of physical and mental suffering in being ex pelled from one of the defendant's passen ger trains. The lady in question was a member of the Christian Science cult , and the attorney for the defendant en deavored to establish this fact during the trial , explaining that the plaintiff would not take medicine , and that it was her belief that she suffered only when she thought slip suffered , and it was only a question with her whether she suffered or did not , and that as a Christian Scientist "she lived in a'spiritual plane above men tal and-physical sufferings ; that it was an article of her faith that there was no such thing as mental or physical suffer ing , and that she did not actually suf fer. " The court would not permit the attorney to bring out this point , and a verdict was given for- the plaintiff. On appeal the Supreme Court reversed the decision , holding that it was an error not to allow the desired testimony to be in troduced , since it was pertinent to the main and essential issue in the' case , to wit ; the mental and physical suffering of the plaintiff. This decision suggests a new line of cross-examination in damage suits where the plaintiff is a believer in Christian Science. Told in a Few Lines. Fire destroyed the principal business section of Hastings , Ont Loss $80,000. Elijah Smith , defaulting cashier of the Bank of Malta , Helena , Mont. , was ar rested in Seattle. First Lieut. Louis F. Buck , artillery corps , was dropped from the rolls of the army on account of desertion. The American National Red Cross ca bled through the State Department $5- 000 to the Russian Red Cross for the re lief of the famine sufferers of that coun try. AMAZES THE WORLD. Gnffinecrlnj ? Activity in WCTV Yorlc I the Greatest Ever. Probably never before in the history o the world has there been in progress at one time such a stupendous amount of building and public improvement as that' by which New York is now being trans formed. There are now under way in New York engineering projects whose vahie is $344,000,000 , and contracts have been authorized but not yet let for $105- 000,000 more work. This does not in clude the expenditure annually of $3.- 000,000 to improve the water supply , for which an aggregate expenditure of $162- 000,000 has been planned. The follow ing table gives the details : Work. Estimated Cost. Pennsylvania tunnels and term inals $100,000,000 Hudson Companies tunnels , sub ways and terminal 100,000,000 New York Central terminals and electrification 80,000,000 Battery tunnels and subway ex tension 9,000,000 New York and Long Island tun nels 4,000,000 Subway extension and pipe gal leries , East Side 40,000,000 Subway extension and pipe gal leries , West Side 50,000,000 Subway bridge loop 15,000,000 Manhattan bridge 20,000,000 Williamsburg bridge 15.000,000 Black-well's Island bridge 15,000,000 Smaller bridges 1,000,000 Total § 440,000,000 Nev/ water supply 1G2.000/JOO Grand total $011,000,000 These figures do not include the work on the Ambrose channel in the harbor , which is a $4,000,000 job , nor do they take into account the engineering work done on great buildings. There was about $40,000,000 worth of building done in New York last year for office and fac tory buildings alone. It is safe to say that from $10,000,000 to $15,000,000 of that work required the services of expert engineers. There is probably more work of that kind going on this ydar than last. So it may be said that besides the $011- 000,000 already mentioned there is fully $14,000,000 more of engineering work going on , making a grand total of $ G25- 000,000 worth of construction in connec tion with transportation and building al ready under way or provided for in and around New York which may be describ ed properly as great engineering projects. This sum of $025,000,000 may be term ed a fact established , but there are other vast projects still in the stage of con templation more tunnels and bridges and buildings , some of which undoubted ly will be constructed in the not distant future , whic will amount to from $200- 000,000 to $300,000,000 more. The above outline of large operations in progress does not refer to the new buildings which will be erected , except the tunnel and railway terminals. Mam moth hotels , apartment houses , stores , theaters , etc. , must be added to the list if anything like a complete idea of the construction work in New York is to be obtained. New York City's great project for se curing a water supply from the Catskills will cost about $102,000,000. That pro ject means the construction of enormous dams in half a dozen different valleys , the wiping out of many settlements , the construction of a long system of tunnels and pumping stations , including the tun nel under the Hudson river , the erection of gates and the distribution of the water in the city. It is the largest undertak ing of the kind the world has ever known. This water supply for New York is a far greater enterprise than the Panama canal in the engineering problems and even in the money outlay. There are also private engineering problems going on in New York which reach into the millions. Many of these have to do with the construction of great buildings. Journeymen tailors at Palo Alto , Cal. , have organized. In several States the machinists' unions have increased nearly ,500 per cent in membership during the last year. Fourteen new unions have affiliated with the Minnesota State Federation of Labor since the beginning of the year , and five applications are pending. San Francisco ( Cal. ) union men affiliated - iated with the iron trades council have voted to strike May 1. Over 6,000 men are involved. They demand an eight-hour day. Chicago (111. ( ) elevator men have been negotiating with the building managers for an increase of $10 a month in wages and the matter has been submitted to ar bitration. During the twenty-one years of the existence of the United Hatters of North America they have used 270,000,000 la bels. Last year the union Latters mad ( nearly 30,000,000 hats. A new wage scale increasing the wages of the union barbers of Oakland , Cal. , is under discussion l gpveen the bosses and the employes. Th wages will be arrang ed upon a sliding scale. The International Union of Bill Post ers and Billers have articles of agree ment with all circuses and outdoor shows , through which all bill posting and billing will be done by union men. The Musicians' Union of Cincinnati , Ohio , is in a tangle with the Cincinnati Orchestra Association. The main cause of the trouble is over the desire of the association to draw on European talent to the detriment of musicians in this country. Many members of the United Associa tion of Pumbers , Gas Fitters and Steam Fitters are urging that the organization establish a home for the aged and in firm , along the same lines as the typos. At a meeting held in New York re cently it was announced that arrange ments are being made for the formation of a permanent organization in favor of abolition of child labor. It was stated that the movement was national , and hope was expressed that the organization would succeed in arousing public senti ment , without which legislation will beef of no use. BIG FAIR IS NOW ON. JAMESTOWN EXPOSITION OPEN TO THE PUBLIC. 1'rcKldcnt FruMHCM Gold Button , De livers AdclreNM and Review * Ulnp- nfileeiit Xuviil Pageant Amid ThuiiderouM Suliites. The exposition opened Friday by President Koosevelt on the shores of Hampton Roads , amid the salutes of cannon from nearly 100 war ships and in the presence of numerous oliicials and diplomats representing our own and foreign governments , should have an interest for Americans second to none attaching to any former national exhibition in our history. The James town Tercentennial Exposition com memorates the 300th anniversary of the first permanent English-speaking col ony in America , and , besides , interest in it should be great because of the many historic associations of the sur rounding territory. The soil adjacent has been the scene of more bloody bat tles during the Revolutionary War , the war of 1812 and the Civil War than any other part of America. Yorktowu and Appomattox are close by. Guns from the war ships of five great nations voiced a salute in unison to the American flag and to the Presi dent of the United States at the open ing of the Jamestown exposition. The boom of the cannon sounded over the waters of Hampton Roads , where near ly half a century ago the Monitor and the Merrimac met in the memorable conflict which brought into being the armored craft of wnr. time in irons on board the Constant as a result o dissensions which had arisen while the little fleet delayed in the West Indies. On entering the James they hoped they had found a. water way which , in accordance with their instruc tions , they were seeking that would af ford them an entrance into the south sea. Thirty miles upstream nbove Newport News and on the northerly .side of the river the explorers came upon a penin sula .some three miles long by one and a quarter wide at its greatest width. It extended in a southeasterly direction and at its northeastern end it was joined to the mainland by a. narfbw isthmus. The river is here three miles in width. What was then a. peninsula is now an island , the river having cut a channel through the narrow isthmus , which at present is about a quarter of a mile wide and is spanned by a bridge. It is in commemoration of the settlement of this island and the marvelous progress made in the intervening .300 years that the present exposition is being held. The exposition is not located on the site of the original settlement , but on the south ern shore of Hampton Roads the finest land-locked body o water in the world. Site > C the Show. The exposition site comprises about oOO acres , which are beautifully laid out. The exposition buildings proper consist of 23 structures , among them being an auditorium and convention hall , 100x23(5 ( feet , having wings G2 feet long , and an auditorium 91x91 feet , with a seating capacity of about 15,000 ; a palace of manufactures and liberal arts , 280x 50 feet ; a palace of machinery and trans portation , 280x350 feet ; a States' exhibit palf-ce , 300x500 feet ; a mining and metallurgy building , 100x250 feet ; a hy gienic and medical building , 100x250 feet ; a pure food building , 90x300 feet ; a palace of history and historic arts , 124x129 feet , and an education building , 124x129 feet. Besides these arc what is known as are arts and crafts village , which con sists of seven cottages of colonial archi- BIRD'S-EYE VIEW OF THE JAMESTOWN EXPOSITION. From the "little Yankee cheescbox. Bet upon a raft" and the rectangular mass of iroii which carried the Confed erate flag in 1SG2 to the modern fighting machines typified by the flower of the American navy is a far cry. Yet many of those who stood on the shore and Baw the naval pageant in the road- Btead recalled the day when the waters wliich form the rendezvous of great war vessels were splashing with the shot and shell of the first battle of steel-clad ships. From the bridge of the Mayflower , whose decks were the meeting place of the peace plenipotentiaries of Rus sia and Japan less than two years ago , President Roosevelt reviewed the great assemblage of flag-draped fighters. Steaming down the long column the President was greeted by each vessel with a salute of twenty-one guns. Ceremony Besrnii at Sunrise. At sunrise the opening ceremonies were begun by the United States artil lery , which fired a salute of 300 guns. The President reached Discovery Land ing shortly before noon , and amid ap plause from the thousands gathered to extend their -welcome he was received by the exposition management Then followed the program opening to the public the enterprise commemorating the three hundredth anniversary of the first English settlement in America. The exercises included an address by Harry St. George Tucker , president of the exposition , and one by President Roosevelt | , singing by the exposition 2horus of 700 voices , the pressing of a gold button by Mr. Roosevelt , which marked the formal opening , and a re view of the assembled military forces. The First Settlement. It was in the year 1G07 that three small vessels which had sailed from Lon don on the 19th day of the preceding De cember entered the broad waters of the James river. These were the Susan Con stant of 100 tons , the Godspeed of 40 HISTORIC SPOT : XEAR JAMESTOWX. * tons and the Discovery of 20 tons , com manded respectively by Christopher New port. Bartholomew Gosnold and John Ratcliffe. In this fleet were 105 men be sides the crews. They had already land ed a few days before upon a sandy point jvhich they named Cape Henry , after the then Prince of Wales. Captain John Smith , destined to play an important ro * ? in our colonial history , was at this WHERE THE JAMESTOWN SETTLERS FIRST LANDED. tecture. These are the textile buildings , 53x88 feet ; copper , silver and woodwork ers' shops , 44x137 feet ; pottery shops , 48x50 feet ; iron shops. 48x50 feet ; model school , 35x45 feet , with a model school room 25x52 feet ; mothers and children's building , 60x100 feet , and Pocahontas hospital , 50x80 feet. Most of the States have made appro priations or otherwise provided for build ings and exhibits. Some of them have reproduced with fidelity some famous building connected with their history. Pennsylvania , for instance , has raised a second Independence Hall , Massachusetts its old State House ; Maryland has re produced the home of Charles Carroll of Carrollton ; Georgia has erected a second Bullock Hall , the home of the mother of President Roosevelt. In every instance the State buildings are characteristic. Four of the Western States , Washing ton , Oregon , Idaho and Montana , have jointly erected a gigantic building in the form of a maltese cross , each State to occupy a section. Even Oklahoma , the last State to enter the sisterhood , has erected a suitable building. Among the foreign countries which take official part in the celebration are Great.Britain , Germany , Russia , France , Japan , Switzerland , Italy , Belgium , Spain , Sweden and Greece of the eastern hemisphere and Brazil , Argentina , Venez uela , Mexico , Chile , Santo Domingo , Porto Rico , Salvador , Peru , Guatemala , Nicaragua , Ecuador , Costa Rica and Panama of the western hemisphere. The naval features of the exhibition will be the greatest and most impressive ever witnessed. Crack battleships and cruisers representing foreign nations from Brazil and Chile to Japan will be present during the entire period of the exposition and the United States will have from IS to 20 battleships , beside numerous cruisers and torpedo boats. At no time during the exposition will there be fewer than 100 warships , either riding grace fully at anchor or engaged in elaborate maneuvers. One feature of the naval display that will arouse deep interest will be a realistic reproduction of the battje between the Monitor and Merri mac , as it was fought in 1802 and for which the government has appropriated $10,000. Surrounding * Are Historic. A short journey up the James river leads to Jamestonn Island ; a short jour ney up the York river leads to Yorktown - town , the scene of the final revolution- try struggle. Close at hand lies Norfolk , in which are still mementoes of British marksman ship left by the fleet under Lord Dun- more in the revolutionary war , who stop ped a while from his retreat from Wil- liamsburg in order to pay his respects to the thriving seaport. The battle between the Monitor and the Merrimac in Hampton roads was the first time an ironclad was ever seen in war , and it is proposed to have at this historic point a naval display which will be of world-wide interest. Near by is Fortress Monroe , with the cell in whicb Jefferson Davis was imprisoned at the conclusion of the war between the States. At Jamestown are the ruins of the old church , the cemetery in which the early settlers were buried , the old fort whicb they built for their defense against th Indians and the ruins of the old Ambler or Jacqueiin mansion , which was built on foundations originally constructed for the house of burgesses. At Williamsbtirg , which is seven miles from Jamestown and to which place the seat of government was moved in 1G99 , ia the Bruton parish church containing the Jamestown communion service and bap tismal font used in baptizing Pocahon tas. There are many other places of his toric interest , among- them the college of William and Mary , founded in 1093 ; the "six chimney lot , " ' where Washington made love to Martha Custis ; the site ol the old colonial capital , burned in 1859 ; the poor debtors' prison , the oldest Ma sonic Hall in the United States , the old "powder horn. " built in 1714 ; the court house , built in 1709. the headquarters of Washington in 1781 ; the home ol Edmund Randolph , who was Secretary of State in Washington's administration ; the home of Peyton Randolph , who was first president of Continental Congress in 1774 ; the home of John Tyler and other points of lesser interest. At York town is the oldest custom house in the United States , where at one time goods were imported in bond for New York and Philadelphia. Between Jamestown and Yorktown and in that vicinity there are numberless places of the greatest historic interest to every pat riotic citizen. Chief of these is the spot , marked by a suitable monument , where Cornwallis handed his sword to Wash ington. There is the Moore house in which articles of capitulation were drawn up and signed , the home of Gov. Nelson , which was occupied by Cornwallis , and there is the "Cornwallis cave , " where the British general took refuge after he had been driven out of the Nelson house , and there is the beautiful monument erected by the United States to commem orate the surrender of Coruwallis. Bryce on Public Owner.shlii. In speaking at the dinner of the Chicago cage Commercial Club , James Brycc , thei British ambassador , discussed at some length the functions of modern cities , placing them in three distinct classes. One class , he said , included those func tions which are vital and indispensable because the individual citizen cannot ex ercise them for himself , giving the main tenance of public safety , or police de partment , as an instance. The second class was that of functions which might be left to individuals or large corpora tions , such as are in England called pub lic companies. These would include the matters of water , light , transportation , markets and public education. In the third Class , Mr. Bryce put matters which mfght or might not be given to a public local authority , such as lodging houses , baths , etc. , and it was his opinion that where there is a monopoly it is strongly urged in England that the profits and in creased value which the growth of a city gives to such a monopoly ought to be long to the public. " Forester Pinchot on Floods. Gifford Pinchot , cnief of the forest service , in an interview at Washington , said that tha great flood which had visited the upper Ohio valley was due , primarily , to the cutting away of the forests on the water sheds in the heart of the Allegheny mountains. Originally these mountain slopes contained fine hardwood , hemlock and pine forests , whicb , together with the undergrowth , held back the water of rains and melting snow , so that danger ous floods seldom occurred. The whole sale cutting of this timber bad so de nuded the hills that when heavy rains , co incident with snow thaws , occurred quan tities of water were precipitated into the streams , and these , emptying into the rir- ers , caused the disastrous floods which , in recent years have done so much dam age to property and caused so much loss of life. The remedy in his opinion , would be in the replanting of forests and their conservation on a scientific plan of forest culture. Earth's "Unrest Increasing : . Prof. Belar , the seismologist , director of the Laibach observatory , who has been comparing the earth shocks during the first quarter of the present year with those of 190G , announces that if the aver age compromise in the disturbances of the earth's equilibrium are to be maintained we must await the earthquakes now du with some anxiety.