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THIS NORFOLK NEWS : FRIDAY , JULY 25 , 1902.
Opinions of Tax Payers on a Pertinent Subject. CITY DRAINAGE IS INADEQUATE , A Long Suffering Public Implores Re lief From Mud Holes , Frog Ponds nnd Wftsh-Outs , Question Referred to the City Administration , - The proper mul economical drainage of Norfolk ' IH n question tlmt ban boon before the people for tunny yearn past , When there were but a few in terested the powers tlmt 1m have boon nblo to pass it by with llttlo or no atten tion , but with the private work tlmt him b'oou done in the way of grading mid drainage it linn assumed n phase tlmt claims the ixttonthn of a largo uuinbor , if not u majority , of the property owners of the oity. It Is conceded tlmt the original trouble lies with the Hltuntton on Thirteenth Btroot , whore the water from the hills north and wont of the rosl- doiioo portion ( fathom on the occasion of every heavy rnln and forms n fronhet that damages public and private property h inestimably. Particular attention 1ms been drawn to the situation by tho' heavy rains of this spring and summer. Tint Nnws has frequently and porsla- toutly Insisted that the situation is one demanding the unprejudiced and care ful attention of the oity officials , and now tlmt 60 many have boon aroused to BOO it likewise the columns of the paper nro reopened to n discussion of the ques tion with the hope tlmt there will bo no lot np until conditions are materially changed. It may bo said for the pros- out administration tlmt an oiTort wan made last year to solve the Thirteenth Btroot drainage quostlou , but the storms of the season have proven that Buoh Improvement was totally Inadequateand the situation must bo handled on a much broader scope. Not only has the work douo proven Inadequate but the improvements of private owners have made the question of much broader Im port BO that every person owning property orty east of Thirteenth and south of Malu has become Interested. As offering loss OXCUNO for the condi tion , the natural advantage for drainage of the land on which Norfolk is located , is pointed out. It has a beautiful natural Slope from thu oity limits on the west to the Nortbfork on the east and from the northern portion of the corporation to the Ellchorn on the south. In its primi tive state the laud was effectually drained , the surplus waters finding their way to the natural water channels , through and across fields , doing llttlo erne no damage jbut civilization has interfered with nature's plans aud obstructed the natural flow of water until the quostlou of restoring or improving natural con ditions is brought to the attention of residents with pertinency each year. A competent engineer could so direct the work of restoring natural conditions that the situation would no longer because cause for worry. The natural ohuimels should bo reopened or others substituted aud enough should bo kept in condition that the surplus water might bo distrib uted uud do no further harm. Many of the roadside ditches that would naturally carry off a largo portion of the water are neglected and permitted to grow woods nntil it wonld be impossible for them to carry even a small amount of muddy water without clogging and throwing the flood into the road. , The Main Htreet situation , while one 'of the most annoying , it would seem oonld bo the most easily handled. Be cause of its having been filled and graded , the water that bothers does not flow in aud only that which falls on the street or flows off the sidewalks and buildings needs attention. This , it would appear , could bo effectually drained off through the city sewer if connections 'with it wore made. In the early port of this season a corn- "mltteo on the beautifying of the cityap pointed by the Commercial Olub , of fered prizes for the best kept lawns , 'gardens , back yards , etc. , in the city , 'with the hope that the standard of beauty throughout the resident portion might bo raised. In their work of in vestigation , the attention of the com mittee was called to the frightful con dition of streets and alloys , duo to poor dralnago.or no drainage at all. Stagnant pools covered with green souui , puddles of sticky mud from which arise vocifer ous odors and dangerous holes gutted by rushing water on aide streets , are not only not infrequent but exceedingly common sights in Norfolk today. Believing that this state of affairs waa na'evil and disgrace to the community , the committee has asked TUB NRWS to ' "leel the public pulse in regard to the matter and toward this end interviews with n'few , of the business men and property'owners of the city have been secured. Not all , but nearly every person approached preached , expressed the opinion that something ought to be done immediately , both with the business port of Main street and the west end of the town. A few favor paving , many wonld pat in n onrb , others want catch basins put in the sewer , and nearly all feel that Cor poration Gulch should be given careful attention and a permanent remedy. Rev. W. J. Turner is chairman of the . -committee and tho"othefa "meuibWa are ; Q. E. Moore , John II , Hays , 0. 0. Oow , D. J. Koonlgsteln , Mrs. A. J. Durlaud , Mr . 0. JI , Royuolds.Mrfl. 0. E. Oroouo , Mm , John U. Hays aud Miss Mason. The following will show what some of the people think about it : H. H. Smith : Alloy-ways are bad , Strongly favor a onrb. 11. B. Welter i Would gutter Main street and fix the gulch. B. H. Trooy : Presume funds txro being used , but not to best advantage. J , Damn : Ought to have n curb. Would bo cheaper than present system. F. A. Boolor : Would like to see the street paved. Sowogo ought to bo per * footed. A. Wilde : Streets and sidewalks are bad but thorp is no money to do any thing with. J. B Maylord : The streets ought to bo curbed by all moans. City can't nf- ford to pavo. ) K , P. Woathorby : It Is a disgrace to the town. Something ought to bo done Immediately. Asa K. Leonard ! ' Condition is fright ful. Frog ponds in front and roar of store nro unbearable. O. J. Johnson : In some places the 'situation ' is critical. Some sort of drainage is badly needed. A. Deguor : If possible would like to HOO Main street curbed , but treasury dosu't warrant snob action. P. J. Fnoslor : Grade streets np. No need of onrb or paving. Oity ought to spend 1500 on the guloh and fix It. Uob't Utter : Something certainly should bo dono. Would favor having a competent engineer lay out a systonii A. H Klosau : Wonld like to know whore the poll tar goea. Condition at proBOUt is abominable. Demands notion. G. B. Salter : A careful study of the situation should be inade by a competent engineer nnd remedy made accordingly. T. K. Odlorno : Mala Btroot should ho guttered in some way , inexpensively. The gulch will have to bo fixed and fixed right. O. Uhle : The city can't stop the rains and It it overflows in the gnloh on ac count of rains , that is the lookout of the people effected. S. G. Mayor : Something ought to be douo , both with gulch and business por- tiou. Would favor paving between tracks and First street. J. W. Humphrey : Fools that the wretched couditiou of drainage ought not to exist. Little grading and work with a plow would help matters. 0. II. Johnson : Situation disgraceful. LHttlo common Mine * in opening up natural guttara down Main street. Old ditch in west end should bo opened. ' Frank Davenport : Wonld have an euglnef r figure out remedy for guloh aud fix it. A llttlo money spent right wonld bo bettor than the present system. W. J. Gow : Guloh is the big prob leiut and should be remedied perma nently. Main street should be curbed. Kearney is a town which has done this with success. 0. P. Parish : With slimy slough both In front and rear of store fools very strongly on the subject. Favor ordi nance requiring permanent walks and curb. Wonders what a street commis sioner is for. J. Durlaud : Would like to know whether or not Norfolk Is up to other cities of its size in this regard. Pool of mud in front of store is absolutely unhealthful - of the disagreeable healthful , to say nothing agreeable feature. G. A. Luikart : Wonld favor a curb ing along Main street or paving between tracks and First street. West end should be remedred. Water could be dammed with piles and rnn out slow enough to be carried avyay. John R. Hays : The water in the west end has been tnrned from its natural of residents ural course npon the property dents and something should unquestion ably bo done. It is radically wrong and people are not compelled to stand it. L. 0. Mlttelstadt : The situation is bad. Course now runs through lumber yard and last year lost over $10CO. Had to completely roplle yard. Some day limo will set fire to buildings and city will hear from insurance companies. Dr. A. Bear : Remedy very simple. Stop hauling dirt into gutters and keep them open. Let every avenue north of Main carry its own water , instead of bringing it down to Norfolk avenue ana then east. Wonld have nice street if it was curbed. O.S.Hayes : Main street is a dis grace to any city of this size. Should be curbed by populag subscription if by no other way. Enough money has al ready boon expended to pave it. The gnloh situation is very bad and ought by all means to bo fixed. 0. D. Jenkins : There is no drainage system here except what nature laid out. Be all right if man had not inter fered. Sewage the only real remedy , grading might help. Has three foot ditch in' front of residence on Ninth street , which threatens disaster. G. E. Moore : With germs of disease in stagnant pools all over the city , it would aeem that something ought to be done. There are actually puddles with green scum growing over them in the heart of the business portion 'of the oity , Norfolk could have and ought to have a good drainage system. P , F. Bell : There ore two things that a townmust.nave , before it will over paw beyond the village stage. They are a sewage system and paved streets. There can never be a town until waste matter and overflows are drained off , With paved stream 6ouio an nwakonlng of business In all cities of this clasii. N. A. Ralnbolti The dilatory man * nor in which Norfolk has not been drained , does not bestow upon the mu nicipality any superabundance of credit. The problem haa booomo dormant , but ihould bo revived , agitated , carefully considered and properly solved at an early date. The unwholesome condi tions demand attention , The fact is this , town should have boon drained long ago , 0 , A. Alexander , manager of the Dexter cold storage : The drainage question li very pertinent to us as will bo known when it la understood that wo have pumped about 1,000 barrels of water from our basement sluco the heavy rains began. It did no material datnugo but wo were compelled to keep the pump going to prevent it. Wo were compelled to ship out GOO cases of eggs which would ordinarily have boon kept in storage a mouth or more longer. The conditions would bo improved hero if the city would put in a sluice connect Ing culverts under the Union Pacific and Elkhorn tracks and the beautiful slope to the river east of the tracks would do the kost if the ditches were cleared of woods. Not only wonld this relieve the situation aa far as the cold storage is concerned , but I am con fident It would drain all this section of the city south of Main and east of Thirteenth street. The water must go its natural course and the city should see to it that such corn-so is kept open. THURSDAY TIDINGS. W. H. Buoholz is in Madison today. Carl Davenport went to Stanton today. S. G. Nappor is homo from a trip to Illinois. M. 0. Hazen wont to Madison this morning. F. , A. Beolor is suffering from a sprained kuoo. Mrs. Mary Davenport is visiting her sou In Slonx City. J. Koonlgsteln is in Kentucky , whore his brother is very sick. Boulah chapter , 0. E. S , , will meet tonight in regnlar session. Mrs. M. Wheeler and children have returned from Hot Springs. Mrs. D. O. Stone of Hawarden , la , Is visiting Mrs. 0. H. Brake. W. Z. King came up from Omaha yes terday to visit his family. H. Souueusoholu has bought the livery stable on North Third Wee't. Miss Mamie MoNelll haa accepted a position at the Johnson dry goods store. Dr. 0. A. MoKltu has returned from Salina , Kan. , where he visited his mother. While practicing at the bat yesterday , Byers received a painful jolt on the left eye. eye.In In the Randolph-Oreighton ball game yesterday , Oreightou won by a score of 5 to 4. Mr. and Mrs. Cornell , on South Fourth street , are the parents of n boy babyi born this morning. The choir of the Trinity church enjoyed a plculo outing at Edgewater yesterday afternoon. The old Schwenk house , recently bought by I. M. Maoy , will be moved tea a lot near the Piano yards. A telegram from W. O.-Hall at Hast ings states that he won a four-heat race yesterday with Jessie Wilkes , time 2:2214. \ Business men are urged to bo presen at the meeting at the oity boll tomorrow evening , to discuss plans for the Sep teinbor fair. F. D. Jenkins and wife of Albla , Iowa arrived in the city yestarday to visit a the home of E. J. Rlx. Mr. Jenkins is a brother of Mrs. Rix. Mrs. Lobnow and daughter , Antouia who have been visiting Mrs. W. O. Ahlmann for the post three weeks , re turned to their homo in Omaha this morning. Tracy & Durlaud sold a half section of land six miles north of Pierce , Tues day , to B. Fulbert , at $30. per acre. L. R. Hurdett was the agent at Pierce. The republican congressional com mittee held a meeting at the Pacific hotel in this city Tuesday night. Re ports indicate that there will bo a land * slide to McCarthy this fall. THE NEWS keeps its job department up-to-date with the latest faces of type and does its work in approved style. Notice. Notice is hereby given that at a public sale tor delinquent taxes held by the treasurer of Madison county , state oi Nebraska , on the 5th day of November , A. D. 1900 , the undersigned , N. A. Rainbolt , purchased for the unpaid taxes thereon of the year 1809 the fol lowing described real estate situated in Madison county , state of Nebraska , to wit : Lot seven in block one of Bear's Ad dltiou to the town of Norfolk , in said county of Madison , which was taxed during the years 1899.1900 and 1901 , to and iu the name of 0. B , Bur rows. The right to redeem said described rea estate from said sale for delluquen taxes will expire on the Oth day of No vember , A. D. 1903 , of which all persona interested will take due notice. N , . A. RAUfBOLT , Owner of certificate. Another Line of Comparisons. ( Issued Under Authority of thu Uullronds of Nebraska. ) $ fpfc m In our former articles we have'made comparisons showing the relative assessment of railroad property with other property In the state of Nebraska. Wo will continue to make these comparisons. They will shojvr that the railroads have paid proportionately more taxes than any other Interest in the state , but to complete the line of comparisons , it will be necessary for us to show that the railroads of Nebraska have pild as much or more than other roads In the Trans- Mississippi states. No matter how taxes against railroads are col lected , whether by excise or direct taxation , the gen eral average shows practically the same. With the railroads it is Immaterial to them' what the assessed valuation of their property should be so lotions they are not required to pay an undue amount per mile to meet the requirements of taxation , and not in unfair proportion to other property. From the Inter-State Commerce Commission re port for 19QO , we find that there were 83,176 miles of railroad , lying weal of the Mississippi river. These railroads paid 514,301,109 for taxes , which makes an average of $171.45 per mile. These figures Include every state and territory west of the Mississippi river , excepting the Indian Territory , where the tax on railroads , being but $10.86 , is so low that we do not include the sum in our estimates. If we did it.would make the foregoing amount per mile a few dollars less. In this territory the average net earnings of all the railroads amounted to $2,784 per mile. In determining1 the value of the railroad property there are several essentials that must be considered. First : The volume of business that can be given a railroad. Second : The dlfllcnltles of operation. Third : The tariffs allowed to be charged. These three features must be taken into conjunc tion in any estimate that should be made regarding the value of the railroad property as op Investment. A comparison of the railroads of Nebraska with those of New York , Pennsylvania and Maryland would be misleading unless these elements were taken into consideration. In these states the rail roads were furnished tonnage that enabled them to handle 1,900,578 tons of freight and 202,902 passengers for each mile of , railroad , while in this Trans-Mississ ippi country , the railroads were furnished but 378,300 In the Year 1900' Average Tax per mile on Railroads , West of Mississippi River , $171(45 ( , Tax per mile Paid in Nebraska , S198,86. % Average Net Earnings Railroads West of Mississippi River , $2,784 , Average Net Earnings Nebraska Railroads , $1,883 , Notice. Notice is hereby given that at a public sale held by the treasurer of Madison county , Nebraska , on the 6th day of November , A. D. 1900 , the undersigned purchased for the delinquent taxes ihereou of the year 1899 the following' described laud situated in Madison county , Nebraska , to-wit : The south east quarter of the south west quarter of section 33 , township 24 , north , range 1 , W. Gth p. m. taxed iu 1899 to A J. Huebner and in 1900 and 1901 to A. O. Powell , and the west half of the south east quarter of section 33 , township 24north , range 1W. Oth g. m. taxed iu 1899 , 1900 and 1901 to A. 0. Powell. The right of redemption of said des cribed real estate from said sale for taxes will expire on the Gth day of November , 1902 , of which those inter ested will take due notice. * N. A. RAINBOLT , Owner of tax certificate. Notice. Notice is hereby given that at a public pale held by the treasurer of. Madison county , Nebraska , on the 5th day of November , A. D. 1900 , the undersigned purchased for the delinquent taxes there on of the year 1899 , the following de scribed real estate situated in Madison county , Nebraska , to-wit : The east one-quarter of the west 18. feet of the south 100 feet of lot 11 , block 5 in the original town of Norfolk , in said county of Madison , taxed for the years 1899 , 1900'and 1901 in the name of W. Gereke. The right to redeem said described real estate from said sale for taxes will expire on the 6th day of November , 1902 , of which those interested will take no notice. N. A. RAINBOLT , Owner of certificate. Notice. Notice is hereby given that at a public ale for delinquent taxes held by R. 0. ililes the then treasurer of Madison ounty , state of Nebraska , on the 5th day of November , A. D. 1900 the under- igned , N. A. Rainbolt purchased for ho unpaid taxes thereon of the year 1899 the following described real estate situated In Madison county ; state of Ne braska , to-wit. Lota twenty-one aud twenty-two (21 ( and 22) of block one (1) in Riverside Park Addition to Norfolk in raid county of Madison which waa taxed to and in name of D. A. Holmes during the years 1899,1900 and 1901. Also lota six , seven , seventeen and nineteen (0) ) , (7) ) , (17) , and (19) of block ; hroe and lots seven and eight (7 ( and 8) ) of block six and lots two and three [ 3 and 8) ) of block eleven , and lots thir teen and fourteen (13 ( and 14) ) of block thirteen , all hi Riverside Pork Addition to Norfolk in the said county of Madi son which was taxed to and in name of J. P. Learer. Also lots eighteen and twenty (18 ( and 20) ) of block three in Riverside Park Addition to Norfolk iu said county ol Madison , taxed in name of 1. YauHorn. Also lot twenty-eight (28) ( ) block fonr ol Riverside Park Addition iu said Madi son county taxed to O. E. Tillman. Abe lot one , block five of Riverside Park Ad dition to said town of Norfolk , taxed to 0. S. Yreeland aud 0. S. Breeland. Also lot seven , block seven of said Riverside Park Addition to Norfolk , taxed to M S. Drake. Also lot twenty , block seven of said Riverside Pork Addition to Nor folk , taxed to F. 'E. Abbott. Also lo twenty-three , block seven of said River Bide Park Addition to Norfolk , taxed to- K" 'ton * per mile and but 49,314 passengers an reported in 1900. 1900.A A comparison of Nebraska railroads with those of Massachusetts would be senseless , because in Neb raska there arc 53.31 miles of railroad to serve each 10,000 people , while in Massachusetts there are but 7.SS for the same number ; or , with New Jersey , which has 29.99 miles of railroad to each 100 square miles of territory , while Nebraska has but 7.4. However , in the comparisons we will select sections of railroad in Nebraska which have a large business , and we will pick out some eastern roads that handles approxi mately the like character and volume of business and make the comparison with those roads , showing the taxes that they pay and the tax that is paid here. It will be found that in those instances the roads of ! Nebraska pajr relatively higher taxes than they should be called upon to do. The critics who make a comparison of the tax per mile charged in the District of Columbia , with that charged on western railroads , evidently intend to de ceive , from the fact that the city of Washington has outgrown the District of Columbia , and the 52 miles of railroad wjjlch arc reported in that district are practically all city property. A comparison of a Neb raska railroad with the New York Central , a four- track railroad with $57,000,000 , worth of equipment alone , would not be fair , but we will give the people of Nebraska the details of taxation in these other states , for the purpose of letting them make their own conclusions and judge whether the railroads in Neb raska are paying their just share of tax , when com pared with other railroads. There are but a few states in the Union in which the railroads pay 15.4 per ce.nt of the taxes paid while in the territory west of the Mississippi the railroads in Nebraska pay more per mile than sixteen of the other states. Thrqe mining states oblige the rail roads to pay-more than they do in Nebraska , but it la a well known fact that'tax levies in mining counties are much higher than in any other localities in the United States. Our statement will show what the railroads pay to each county the average rate per mile , and from these you will bo able.to judge whether the people are being treated fairly in this matter. , There is no necessity to conceal anything on the part of the railroads , as tkey have borne and bear their just share of the taxes. 3M. . Wagera. Also lot seventeen , of block eight iu said Riverside Park Ad dition to Norfolk , taxed to M. D. Gillett. Also lot eight and eighteen , block nine of sold Riverside Park Addition to Nor folk , taxed in name of R. W. Saley. Also lot nine , block nine of said River side Park Addition to Norfolk , taxed to J. d. Sheehey. Also lot 10 , block 9 of said Riverside Park Addition to Norfolk , taxed to I. Knlokopsky.Also lota 14 and 15 of block 9 of said Riverside Park Addition to Norfolk , taxed to J. A Foley. Also lot 10 , block 9 of said Riverside Park- Addition to Norfolk , taxed to D. Patterson. Also lot 22 , block 9 of said Riverside Park Addition to Norfolk , taxed to W. S. Fox. Also lot 3 , block 10 of said Riverside Pirk Ad dition to Norfolk.toxed to W. W. Camp bell. The right to redeem said real estate or any part thereof from said sale for taxes will expire on the Gth day of November , 1902 , of which all persons interested will take due ? notice. N. A. RAINIBOLT , Owner of certificate. Notice. Notice is hereby given that at a public sale for delinquent taxes held by R. O. Mills , the then treasurer of Madison county , state of Nebraska , on the 5th day of November , A. D. 1900 , the nn- dersigned , N. A. Rainbolt purchased for the unpaid taxes thereon of the year 1899 , the following described real estate situated in said Madison county , state of Nebraska , to-wit : Lota one , two aud three (1 ( , 2 and 3) ) and the north seventy-five feet of lot four , (4) ( ) all in block one , (1) ( ) of Bear's Addition to the town of Norfolk , in said county of Madison , which said de scribed premises was taxed during the years 1899 and 1900 to and in the name of G. W. Gilfillan , and in the year 1901 it was taxed to and in the name of G. W. , Gilfillan. The right to redeem said described real estate from said sole for delinquent taxes will expire on the Gth day of November , A. D. 1902 , of which all persons interested will take duo notice.N. N. A. RAINBOLT , Owner of certificate. Notice. Notice is hereby given that at a public ale for delinquent taxes held by the reosnrer of Madison county , state ol Nebraska , on the 5th day of November , A. D. 1900 , the undersigned purchased 'or ' the unpaid taxes thereon of the year 1899 the following described real estate situated in Madison county , state of Ne braska , to-wit : Lot two , block sixteen of Western Town Lot Company's Addition to Nor folk Junction in said county of Madison which said described real estate wai taxed during the years 1899,1900 ant 1901 to and in the name of E. M Brooks The right to redeem said lot from sale ale for taxes wili expire on .the Gth day , of November , A. D. 1902 , of which all persons interested will take due notice. N. A. RAINBOLT , Owner of certificate. Notice. Notice is hereby given that at a public ale for delinquent taxes held by the reasurer of Madison county/ state of Nebraska , on the 5th day of November , A. D. 1900 , the undersignedN. A. Rain- > olt , purchased for the unpaid taxes thereon for the year 1899 , the following described real estate situated in Madison county , state of Nebraska , to-wit : jgi The undivided one-tenth (1-10) ( ) of the south east quarter of section thirty-four 84) ) , township twenty-four (24) ( ) , north , range four (4) ( ) , W. Gth p. m. which real estate was taxed during the year 1899 , to and in the name of G. W. Real. The right to redeem said laud from said sale for taxes will expire on the Gth day of November , A. D. 1902 , of which all persons interested will take due notice. N. A. RAINBOLT , Owner of certificate. Notice. Notice is hereby given that at a public sale held by the treasurer of Madison county , Nebraska , on the 5th day of November , 1900 , the undersigned pur chased for the delinquent taxes thereon of the year 1899 , the following described real estate situated in Madison county , Nebraska , to-wit : Lot one , (1) ( ) block three , (3) ( ) original town of Norfolk , in said county of Madison , taxed in the years 1899 , 1900 and 1901 to O. B. Burrows. The right td redeem said described real estate fronvsaid sale for taxes will expire on the Oth day of November , 1902 , of which those interested will take. due notice. N. A. RAINBOLT , Owner of certificate. , w < Notice. ' Notice is hereby given that at a public sale held by the treasurer of Madison county , Nebraska , on the 5th day of November , 1900 , the undersigned pur chased for the delinquent taxes thereon of the year 1899 the following described real estate , situated in Madison county , Nebraska , to-wit : } Lot 14 , block 4 , in the original town of Norfolk in said county of Madison , taxed in the year 1899 to 0. B. Burrows , and in the year 1900 and 1901 it was taxed to Fred Krug Brewing Co. The right to redeem said described real estate from said sale for taxes , wti } expire on the Gth day of November 1902 , of which those interested will take duo notice. N. A. RAINBOLT , Owner of certificate. Good Horse Sense will tell you that old eggs and glue are not things you want to eat ; yet some coffee roasters glaie their coffee with such things. Not so with Lion Coffee Tfi It's just pure , unadulterated , undisguised coffee ) never covered up with any gltzlng of any kind. UaUom quality ud tr tha u r a laiurtd by tfce tttltt fMkagf.