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OF OOLDBOEO Goldsboro, N. 0. Geo. A Norwood, President Geo. C. Kornegay, Cashier Goldsboro NATIONAL BAH IT OF OOLDSBOBO: r Wanti your buiineea and wCl be glad to correspond with 701 uo. a. Norwood, rrddl Cmo. C. Konegay, "This Argus o'er the people's right tat ''irart "frs?. an eternal vi11 keep; No Botftmlns itralas of IZala's m, Can lull its. Jh&dre4 eyea to ale. VOJL. LXII GOLDSBORO, Iff. C, THURSDAY EVENING , DECEMBER 23, 1915 2SO. 65 THE LATHAM PRIZES A 'Natf-re Wayne County Boy Remem bes and Lends Encouragement to the Youth of His Native Heath. HIS ADDRESS AT OAK RIDGE. It may be pardonable in the Argus man to call attention briefly to the fact that owing to the zest latterly given to the cultivation of corn in Wayne County through the Board of Education's Boys' Corn Clubs, not a bushel of foreign corn was brought in to Wayne county last year, when for merly many car loads of such were annually required to bread the county blessed today. A very learned Divine is gwine to address you. This educat ed Elder that is gwine to speak to you knows the unknowable; he speaks the unspeakable; and he can onscrew the inscrutable." I want to talk to you on a subject that is ever exercising the public mind and is now filling the public press. That subject is preparedness. What is preparedness? The dictionary says it is the act of being ready, of being pre pared. When you go to class you know instinctively whether or not you are prepared. Sometime you get through a lesson and get a good mark when you know that it was an accident. The question is have you cheated yourself or your teacher? I hold that you have done both. I once heard a successful man say that he had some little respect for the man that could fool the other fellow, but Does not this speak well for the Corn Club Boys and the County Board j the man that would fool himeslf was of Education, under which the Corn j hopeless. It has been said that "Gen Club is fostered? Last week the ius consists in an infinite capacity for Argus carried a full report of this -taking pains." Without contesting year's results of our Boys Corn Club . this worthy sentiment, I wish to say and it was a splendid report of yields. But this is not the only "side-line" the Board of Education of Wayne County is fostering. Recently our ex cellent County Superintendent Mr. E. T. Atkinson published a forty page handbook replete with instruction and encouragement to teachers, commit teemen and pupils of the County Schools, and from one of its pages, we copy the following, which speaks for itself: - Latham Prizes: Mr. J. Ed. Latham, the noted world cotton magnate, of Greensboro, a na tive of Wayne County, born in Sauls ton township and had his first school ing there, offers the following gener ous awards: that, generally speaking, genius con sists In an inordinate capacity for ef fective thinking. You have come here to prepare for life's battles, each one for himself. The object in going to school is to learn how to think. The things that you learn from the books are only a part of the liberal education that ought to be yours. You would find your tasks much easier if you knew how to work effectively. The boy that has learned some one ' thing and "knows that he knows" has advanced. The sayings of wise men have beeri recorded since language was invented The two old sayings that in my opin ion are the greatest are, first, "Know thyself." Think of it, "Know thyself." To the boy of the rural schools of If you will learn yourself you have Wayne county, from the fifth grade up, made the greatest preparation that a who writes the best original essay on man ever made. the "Building and Up-Keep of Good Know how to take care of your Roads" $10 in gold: for the, second health, how to curb your passions, best essay by such boy $5 in gold. ; how to control your temper, how to For the best essay by a girl of the be good natured, how to do right, and rural schools of Wayne county from above all, how to say "no." The other the fifth grade up, on "Hygienic Cook- proverb is a very homely one. "There ing in the Country" $10 in gold: for is more in the man than in the land." second best essay $5 in gold. j You don't have to go five miles from To the rural school showing the here to find a man that is farming so largest percentage of the district cen- poorly that you are sorry for the land sus in average daily attendance $20 in It is so in all trades and in all pro gold. If the winning school be a one- : fessions. Any business is a goodjbus- . teacher school the entire prize is to iness If you are the right man and you go to its teacher: if the winning school i find a good stand. - . have more than one teacher, this prize j There is such a thing as luck but it is to be divided equally among the very seldom keeps down the prepared teachers of said school. j man. Men seldom achieve anything Since this booklet was published, ' by accident or by chance. The way to Mr. Latham has given futrher evidence prepare efficiently is to get down to of his" broad interest-in the youth not the why and wherefore of things and alone pf his native' count y but of the understand -them. State at large, for, last month, by in- j There is much truth In the old and vitation, he , delivered an 'address to familiar hymn: imagine that the famous "Cross of Gold and Crown of Thorns" speech by William Jennings Bryan, that gar him the nomination for th Presi dency, was the speech of a moment? Do you believe that George Wash ington was chon Commander of the Continental army for tny other reason than that he was the best equipped man in America for the position? One of the world's greatest con structive geniuses and a Captain of Industry, is a North Carolina man named J. B. Duke, Ex-President of ths American Tobacco Company. It is related of Mr. Duke that at one time the son of a prominent banker in New York had his eye on Mr. Duke's Job. Mr. Duke went to this prominent bank ing house and this conversation took place: "Mr. Banker, as you know, on tomorrow the directors of the Ameri can Tobacco Company will elect a President. At present, I hold that position, and I hold it because I am the fittest man in the world for the job. I bid you good day." . At the meeting next day there was no other name mentioned than that of Mr. Duke. Why? Because the directors knew that Mr. Duke knew more about the tobacco business than any other nan in the world. The most beloved man that North "arolina has produced was Chas. B. Vycock, the Educational Governor. Do you suppose he received this title by ohance? No. Aycock had been Irving, breathing and dreaming education all ais life. He loved the work of educa tion and his splendid ability as a speaker enabled him to do a greater ervice by being prepared. Don't un derstand from these remarks that I ecommend you to work yourselves to death. No, learn how to work ef- aciently and how to play joyously 'All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy." And it is just as Import ant for you to learn how to play as to know how to work. In your individual preparation there are many valuable lessons to be learn ed. Many of these lessons are not in the books. On the play ground you observe the best runners, the best jumpers, the best pitchers and the best catchers. You see men that are slow and men that are fast, men with good eyes and men that can't see a joke; men that are kind and men that are rude, men that everybody likes and men that nobody likes. This la the sort of-Jsrorld that jrou-have-taJlre in, boys, so why not prepare accord- the student body of Oak Ridge Insti tute, near his home town, Greensboro, and we are proud to give it publica tion in the Argus, as follows: Exaggeration is always harmless in an introductory speech. Your Presi- "Little drops of water Little grains of sand Make the mighty ocean," etc. Men achieve happiness and wealth in the small things they do. The tallest building and one of the men, ana in our innocence, failed to realise with what derision and, in many cases, contempt and even hatred, our position in the world's af fairs is now regarded. We are so pacific in our intentions that we cannot understand the racial hatred of those nations at war. This nation loves peace and we believe there is no difference in the depth of love of country between those who wish to enlarge our defenses and thosi who wish to wait until we are attack ed. The difference Is one of expedi ency. I believe that we ought topre pare to save ourselves from such oxter whelming disaster as has recently overtaken Belgium, and from such ca lamity as overtook our citizen soldiery in the Spanish war from the ravages of typhoid fever. i The regular army of the United States is about the same sise as the police force of New York City. In event of war where would our officers come from? How many of you boys know anything of camp life? Warfare is now a highly developed science and the sword and spear and the pistol and rifle must give way to high power ed machine guns and explosive bombs ind big guns that earry projectiles weighing a ton for over twenty miles, md these can be handled only by trained men. . H Evry new means for destroying uf e strikes terror into the hearts of .seace loving men, and makes them imagine whether civilisation Is about ,o perish; yet history has recorded the lact that the best armed civilisation4! ire on the whole the ones that have mrvived longest. Idealism is .a beau iful thought, but it may be the price :f humiliation. We must meet the orld upon its own terms and not as ve would wish them. A little over half a century ago many of our daddies and our daddies' daddies were taking home a piece of that fa jious Appomattox apple tree and pon dering over the message of their be loved and peerless Commander, Bobert E. Lee. What was this message?;, "Brave comrades our cause is lost! Accept peaee, lay down your arms, go home and make a erop." You boys know from hearsay and from history something of the horrors of that struggle. Ton know from the same sources something of the hor rors of reconstruction, that period of several years following tha war when t-ere -wast- no- saf etyfcffcpreert$V-? no protection to womanhood, and death scattered all over the country and naturally there was not enough sol diers to stop a small mob, and the mob grew. If our country had been prepared with a small army of even 75,000 men, in my opinion there would have been no war. To my mind there Is just about as much sense in saying that I am hon est and my neighbors are honest, and therefore, we will not have any fur ther use to loek our doors, as to say we are peace loving and I believe the balance of the world to be peace lov ing, and, therefore, I will not prepare Of all Important nations of the earth, China is the only one that has taken this position. I don't think 'her success has been great enough to be emulated. Boys, this Is a very serious subject. In our prosperity and prog ress we lose sight of what may happen. All theories in regard to peaee and CITING TO GOD. Professing Christians Shoal be Kore Loyal la the Support of the Church, Declared the Fas ter of First Baptist Church. (By Robt. I. Denmark.) "The christian financial support to God, his fellowman and self was the subject the pastor of the Frst Baptist church spoke upon yesterday morning, taking his text from Malachl 1:10. "Bring ye all the tithes into the store house that there may be meat in my house, and prove me now herewith, saith the Lord of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven and pour you out a blessing, that there shall be room enough to receive it." In his sermon Pastor Watkins said in part: "The subjeet used pertains to the things of this world, the christian is MAYOR'S PROCLAMATION war, all thought of our being immune !aue God his Part to build the Kingdom from the danger of invasion or of actual subjection by an invading en emy might as well be dismissed from our minds, In view of the horrors which engulf all Europe." I confess to you that I have gloomy forebodings of evil. To my mind every day brings fresh evidence that we ought -to prepare. If a contest should come it will involve the desti nies of our children and the fate of our country. It is said that anticipated panles never come because they are provided for. Let us - prepare for defense but pray for peace. of God, for God uses the same method in a visible conception as does the Government; the application a spiri tual kingdom, the other an earthly kingdom. "Every chrlsitlan Is due his part, and God maps out the part in the Book, and it is the duty of each to bring to the house of the Lord the part intended for the Lord. It Is also the duty of the Christian to find what his part is, and no one should be satis fled , until it is known. Such le pos sible and the Bible is clear In stating what is wanted, "I have oftened wondered why the requirement is not solved, and if It can be why should not each one learn We need - an adequate and efficient army and navy, able to keep the peace It ag speedlly as possible. no miner wno JtnocKS ai me ooor. Ralph Waldo Emerson has said that England was great because' she had the best business stand on the globe. That perhaps was once true, but it is true no longer. Today the best busi ness stand is the United States and you young men must prepare your selves, and see that your country is prepared so that your Individual pur suit of happiness, and your country's glorious progress can go on unham pered and unafraid. Ingly? Don't be the man who can't see s stalked the land. It is too horrible tc dent has promised you beyond my greatest stores in the world was built power to perform; however, I know j from nickels and dimes. This is ths one introductory speech that carried , Wool worth building In New York, greater promises. j Your success will not come from one A negro preacher had invited a very study or one brilliant recitation, but distinguished white preacher to fill it wiU come from being prepared. his pulpit. He introduced him about as follows: "Brethren and sistern, we is indeed THE BEAUTY OF INSURANCE is, it takes care of what you earn to day and capitalizes that which you hoDe to earn tomorrow. NATIONAL LIFE INS. CO. OF VT. Mutual. H. M. HUMPHREY, State Manager. Offices 303-4-5. Borden Bldg. Goldsboro, N. C. The study of man is a part of a lib eral education a part of your prep aration. Success seldom comes to men by chance. They have been preparing perhaps unconsciously to themselves. WftDpter's reply to Fa;ne still lives as one of the world's masterpieces of oratory, and is taken as a model, and by many is believed to be the greatest Bpeech ever made in the American Senate. The contempora ries of Demosthenes said he was not a nautral orator, but his study and prep aration made people think so. Do you a joke, and don't be the fellow that nobody likes. Josh Billings says: "A man that can't laff is to be pitied, and a man that can laff and won't is to be shunned like a bear trap that 1 sot." . I fear that I have about exhausted myself on the subject of preparedness, but, as you boys look good natured, I want to talk to you awhile cn the sub ject of unpreparedness. There was a darky preacher onee that began his discourse about as fol lows: "Brethren and sisters, I has a mes sage for you today, and wants you all to listen. Firstly, I shall take my text. Secondly, I shall depart from It. Thirdly, I shall never return to It." This subject of unpreparedness you can apply to your personal selves, but, just at this moment there is much be ing said of our nation's unprepared ness. Lack of preparedness is no longer a jest. The events of the past year have brought home to every man the utter weakness of this great na tion to guard itself against a sudden attack. I do not believe that this nation ought to prepare for the purpose of making war, but it ought to prepare for defense. ' In our feeling of good will to all talk about even though it is so far behind us that few people living to day remember it. Horrible as was that war, it was a war between Amer icans. How mueh more horrible would it be for this country, "the land of the free and the home of the brave," were it overrun with the riffraff of Europe or the yellow men of the Orient! Speaking of that immortal struggle commonly called the civil war, but more properly, the war between the States, has it ever occurred to you that that war was unnecessary? I am not going for once to tell you that the South did not think It was right; and our glorious Old North State, the last to secede, was the bravest of them all. But I am going to tell you as I read history, that war was unnecessary, because, the issues involved should and could have been settled without war. You ask me why it was not so settled, and I will tell you. It was be cause the United States was not pre pared to defend itself from attacks external or internal. When Fort Sumter was fired upon the regular Army of the United States was less than 17,000 strong. The be ginning of the war was merely the act of a few Impetuous men, a small sized mob. A very small spark can start a big fire. The army of 17,000 men was FOR EDPTY STOCKINGS "Arter the Argus had gone to press Saturday afternoon the following do nations were received: Margaret Hines 9 .50 E. G. Hines, Jr. .BO Miss Mary Cleves Daniels 1.00 Mrs N. J. Smith... .50 John Splcer, Jr 50 Geo. Kirby Splcer 60 Edw. Tan Parker .... .60 135 The fund as published Saturday was $87.25 and with the above contribu tions was turned over to Mrs. B. H. Griffin, chairman of the Empty Stock ing Fund Committee, this morning, the full fund amounting to $91.25 and a 25 pound bucket of candy. The usual issuing of tickets to the poor children designated by the Com mittee will prevail this season. The tickets thus- Issued will admit the bearer to the Crystal theatre, where the filled stockings and other gifts will be distributed and the aggregation of children given a free show of movies by the Crystal management. The hour for the gathering of the children at the Crystal will be told the children when their tickets are is sued to them by the ladies of the committee. The Argus extends its personal thanks to the contributors to this sweet and comforting charity, and wishes them one and all an especially joyous Christmas. "A part of what we earn is God's due. The burden of giving the Gospel to the world is placed upon the chris tians: we are to be the visible, while the Spirit of God is the Invisible pow er, and we owe it to our fellowman to carry out this great obligation of giv- in ; the Bread of Life. "The church of the living God mtest develop its means, also should each of us on every dollar we make give God His part, and use our part right eously, iving as God wants us to lire, s that we may lay up In Heaven treasurers." In his concluding remarks the pas tor stated that his soul was yearning for the Kingdom and urged that his flock live on this earth to that end. The republican national convention will meet again in the Chicago Colis eum and delegates will try not to re member the painful scenes 'gnacted there during the last republican na tional convention. "PAT.Tjr W11P . Since the week of Janaary to 8 inclusive, 11, has bee set aside by the Merchants Association of Goldsbor as "Pay-up Week" in Geldsbac and Since the Goldstar Me ehants Association and Its in dividual members, having the Interest of its eltlaeas aol patrons uppermost la tie mind, are desirous of aleeta our good town on a Pali-aa) basis, and since preaperft? abounds in our midst la both city and country, due te the satisfactory results of this fall's crops and the veer vorable prices that have bacm estained, aae Since an event Ilka tale la at" great benefit to ear attr our banks, and to all aftiasOBb therefore, I, by authority vested la mm as Gold shore's ' Mayer, d hereby designate aaa pre claim the week of January B to 8 Inclusive, 1918, Par- "Week" In Goldsboro. (Signed) JOHN B, HIGGIKB. Mayor ef Geldsbarst Acme Program TODAY'S PROGRAM "GUILDED YOUTH" Laemmle three reel speaial Jeafeeca "LIZZIE'S . WATERY GRAYS One ef those funny aad eajere&te UK. O'a. TOMORROW "HIS GOOD NAME" Powers two reel feature. "The Devil and Hi Idle EaaCa .,(WIfflljfc,7. r: "SAFETY FIRST AND LAST" Imp Comedy. , v- "THE BROKEN COLTf ' Francis Ford and Grace CunacC A GOOD SHOW EVERY DAY I' F(Dn CIhiir5tlinmai! SEND HER NORMS' EXQUISITE CANDY 1, 2, 3 and 5 Pound Boxes She Deserves The Best The Palaee Drna Store IlIIlEIllllllil III S3 Greatest Educational Toy ever of fered for Sale. Buy one for your boy and see how many different things he will construct, " No. 0 Set - - - - - 50c. Larger Sets - 1.00 to $25.00 Guns For The Boys Daisy Air Rifles Single Shot 50c. 350 Shot Sl.JO 500 Shot 1.25 1,000 Shot 2.00 Daisy Repeater 8.00 Pop Guns . 25c. Auto Water Guns............ ...;... 25c Single Shot 22 ..........$1.50 to $3.50 Sixteen Shot 22 i..... $10 to $12.50 Blank Pistols 15c. and 25c. Blanks .............10c. per bos Single Barrel Shot Gun $4.50 Dm Edge IVES t'j mi J We lave the Most Complete Line of Cuflery Ever Displayed in Goldsboro Big stock of 25c. and 50c. Knives. Will furnish Christmas boxes for all pocket knives. See our line of Tor Ranse? "- srS: ' Something new in Cut tilass. Forty:J;wo piece Bet of Dishes for $3.50. . ZtyiMw Edge CUTLERY ' Presents For Mother and Sister 55S Knives ana Forks, set. Carring Knives . . . . N'lt Craoker Nut Cracket Sets Casseroles O-Cedar .Mops Bread Pans Manicure Sets, rtOC tu 1 21. T.c. and 1.2"i .75c and $1.00 Percolators. See OfflF- W IMows IK illlilllllililili ( - - ' iiiiiiiiiiiiii colli & Will Be ien Every m m-r. -m . it x . . "