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The Solid DfBiocmtlc Pnriy. TTe entcrtuia the opinion that the following article should be read by Bepubli-ans as well us Democrats, and that one parly has no right to monopolise nil the food political literature: Let uo Democrat be troubled by the Radical ontcry over tho solid South. It is a legitimate political product. It represents one hundred and thirty-eight votes in the elec toral college, ninety-six votes in the Federal House, and thirty in the Senate. With this compact, reliable power at its command tho Demo cratic party needs only the exercise of common sagacity and honesty in the administration of public and party affairs to triumphantly rule this couutry for the next two gen erations. The great problem with the Radi cal party was to prevent the forma tion of a solid Democratic South. In this they have most signally fail ed. Ilence they naturally think "the fruits of the war" have been lost to them. That they howl, gnash their teeth and threaten dreadful conse quences is au exhibition of impotent rage. They did their worst jears ago, when the South was prostrate aud out of all political relations with the Democracy of the North. Now the tables are reversed. The solid South is in full communion with the Union and the Democratic party. This party is once again a Gibraltar of strength, both for de feucc and assault. Strong as it was in tho first eighty years of the Union, and in its sixty years of political domination in Federal af- j fairs, it is physically and potentially stronger to-day. It is the greatest political force in the world. Taken for all purposes, its equal iu politi cal power has never existed. It owes its reinvigoratiou and re newed powerfuluess to the senti ment and causes which have solidi fied the Southern states. Cut, turn ing from this point of observation, from its compact one hundred and thirty-eight electoral vote?, look at its strength iu the north. It divides nearly equally the governments of tho Northern states, aud, with the exception of four or five, every Northern state is a battle ground, where a chungc of one per cent, of the popular vole decides which of the two master parlies shall control it. It is to this all potential party that all men with popular ideas aud in stincts will eventually rally. Those who have gone into Independent or third party movements have met only disappointments. Their move ments have not only come to the grief of defeat, but to that of utter dissolution. Repeated effort has ended only in repeating warning agaiust the folly of such blunders. The popular leaning and instincts of the Democratic party are too strong and earnest for any third party suc cess that looks to socialistic or democratic sentiment. All that is practical in that direction can be, and will be, accomplished in aud through the organized Democracy. Recognition of this existing force aud fact will hasten the day of Democratic control in the Federal affairs. But that is not all. The co-operation of the socialistic forces will leaven the Democratic party and carry it boldly along in the im mense work of undoing the results 6ummed up in the term "new na tion." Louisville Democrat. Wohiuh'm KcNtlcinc aud !! COUU'HI. It is highly improbable that such an individual as a perfectly satisfied, contented woman exists. It there bo one whose position in society and general surrouudings are entire ly in accord with her ambition and desires, the happy creature has not yet been discovered, aud her pleas ing and beneficial example has been lost upon her discontented sisters. In whatever condition or circum stances she may be placed, there is invariably something beyond her reach that is essential to her happi ness. This condition of affairs has existed throughout all time. "We are told that the garden of Eden possessed every possible condition requisite for the complete happiness of its occupants. There is no doubt that their condition was infinitely better than that of any inhab itants of this mundane sphere to day, aud that they should have been supremely happy and contented, but whether it was from tho lack of dressmakers or other causes which history doe6 not record, our fair mother Eve would not rest satisfied, but must needs seek for something more. Thus it has been ever since, and the coustaut, restless striving after objects which she docs not possess has been the cause of much of woman's uuhappincss. Albany Times. A blind man was sitting in com pany with some visitors a few weeks ago, when one of the party left the room. "What white teeth that lady has," 6aid the bliud man. "How can you tell that?" asked a friend. '"Because," was the ready auswer, "for the last half-hour she has been doing nothing but laugh. Martha Washington was the only woman who ever enjoyed the frank ing privilege in this republic April 3, 1800, after her husband's death, Congress gave her free use of tho mails during the rest of hex-life. Chcexe Factory. "West Point is becoming famous as a manufacturing point, having now a butter aud cheese factory, a furniture factory and a paper mill. From the Omaha Bee we clip the following reference to the cheese factory, which will be interesting to many of our readers, as Nebraska is destined to take a place in the front rank of States devoted to tbia in dustry : It is located bnt a short distance from town, on the road to Tfikamah, and coubistsof a series of new, well built, wooden structures including bams, pens, and factory proper, the whole a frontage of 280 feet, with wings 66 ft. to 78 ft. in depth. The total number of stock in the barns i6 250some of them imported Jerseys and Guernseys, others full blooded Durhams and the balance graded Durhams, Ayrshites, aud the best specimens of common nativo stock. Iu the bull barn, are "Bashaw," a Guernsey, aud "Goldust" a Jersey, with a good Durham, though un recorded. In the first cow-barn are four imported Jersey heifers, amongst them "Sister Hand," bought in New York, by the associa tion before she had left her stall on shipboard. Others of the same breed, but not so distinguished, staud side by side with "Sister Hand," and with their velvety eyes aud deer-like hides and limbs, con stitute a very attractive picture. The milking qualities of these ani mals give them the preference over all other kinds for the object con templated by the association, and most of the stock raised here iu the future will be crossed with them. The anaugements lor caring for the stock seem as nearly perfect as pos sible. An aisle six or seveu feet wide traverses the leuglh of each barn. The animals are fastened by the old 6lauchiou plan, facing to ward the aisle. Immediately be fore them run loug troughs, in which they are fed ground corn and barley. The bottoms of the feed troughs are in sections, and when raised expose the water troughs. The water is brought in pipes from a spring, 3,000 feet away iu the bluff's, is carried under the floors of the barns, and at stated in tervals is let into the troughs by means of taps. When the animals arc satisfied the rest is conducted away from the buildings. Except on stormy days the cows are let out into large yards for exercise, and during this time their s'alls arc thoroughly cleaned and the manure carted away. At some distance from the barn is the factory. The process of making butter and cheeEC need not occupy space. The building contains a milk room with a 600 gallon bath aud cooler, aud a gang press for cheese, a butter room with Blanch ard revolving churns, a cheese cur ing room, a store room, bath room for the hands, and a room for mak ing cheese boxes. Instead of man ual labor in the processes involved, an upright engine of 5-horse power supplies the means for heating, churning, pressing, curing and cleansing. The first batch of cheese was made on the 17th hist. 3Ir. J. J. King is superintendent of this enterprise which involved an expenditure of $40,000, employs eight teams and thirty-live men. Five huudred hogs arc kept upon the waste of the creamery with some meal in addi tion. 1 inter Treuiment of Poultry. A correspondent saysjn brief that each fowl ought to produce 160 eggs a year; that iu winter warmth is inditpeusiblc; that the fowls must have some of the food they find at other seasons when at large; that they must have plenty of room iu their house, aud it and the laying boxes kept clean; that they must be fed corn, barley, oals, have a box of sand, oyster or clam shells pounded up, or old mortar, or bones dried aud pounded fine; that mashed boiled potatoes aud corn meal are excellent; that fatty matter of any kind, fresh beef, or pork scraps, &c, must forma portion of their diet; that hens are fond of vegetable matter during winter and will eat cabbage, &c , and that they must be kept free from vermin, which nearly always follows entire cleanliness. In case, however, vermin should still make their appearance, there is nothing so effective iu removing them as rubbiug the top of the head, under the wings and upon the backs, with lard. These suggestions we have made time and again ; and have only to add now, that all who desire complete success, and of course satisfactory profit from poultry raising, must adopt them. Exchange. Climbed the Golden Stair. Tut away the little discount That our Greenback used to wear, He will need the badge no longer, He has climbed the Golden stair. Gone to meet Old Bullion. JVeto York Graphic. Let us carefully observe those good qualities wherein our enemies excel us aud endeaver to excel them by avoiding what is faulty, and im itating what is excellent in them. The Indiana supreme court has decided, in the suit of a church against a member, that subscrip- j tion6 made on Sunday canuot be i collected by law. Lincoln. Jakcauy 7, 1879. Dear Journal: Being here for a few days, I thought a few notes from the Capital would be interest ing. " The Commercial " is full of Representatives aud Senators, amongst whom I notice the well known and pleasant faces of D. C. Loveland and T. C. Ryan of Colum bus, and I don't think the interests of yonr city will be forgotten by them. Our gentlemanly Senator J. T. Clarkson is also there and Rep resentative N. W. Wells of Schuy ler. Quite an army of office-seekers also, and the hubbub reminds one of Stock Exchange in a panic. Sen atorial nominations of officers aud subordinate positions made by cau cus yesterday evening, and work begins to-day at noon. A very few happy faces and a great many dis appointed ones. Reporters running round aud a general lively time. I also had the pleasure of hearing the best choir in the State (a quar tette) in the Episcopal chinch on Sunday last, and I find Lincoln a very pleasant place to spend a few days in. Am stopping with an old time friend, Guy A. Brown, Clerk of the Supreme Court, and have met many old Omaha friends. In my next will give any information that will inteiest the county at large, at present cau't, as nothing definite has been done. Governor Nance is one of the many genial men here, aud his pleasant face is not easily forgotten, and must win him great popularity. New houses springing up in every direction, and they with the government buildings make Lincoln a very fine city for the wect. The Commercial Hotel is a very handsome and complete building aud any one stopping in Lincoln will find ample and courteous ac commodation. More anon. Respectfully, Treboh Envap. The I-ndy or Culture. The first element of a true culture is utility. The homoly uses of life are the sfrong body, without which accomplishments have nothing to adorn but themselves, and are thrown away. In the swift fluctu ation of business, and the terrible reverses which so often sweep away the best founded fortunes, none are safe. It is folly for any family to rear a girl in the lap of indulgence for a life of luxury, when a single wave of misfortune may sweep the Castle Beautiful away and leave its inmates at the mercy of the pitiless elements. Every girl should be so educated that, should adversity throw her upon the world, she will fall, like the cat, on her feet, ready for a run on her own account. A lady of culture is one who can use her knowledge and accomplish ments for her own support in case of need, and does not feel that any useful industry is demeaning. The practical must precede and support the ornamental, and even the orna mental should be so thoroughly in grained that it can be made use of in case of need. The worst evils of modern society will not be got rid of till every woman is able to earn an honest livelihood, aud respects every other woman who earns one, whether she is a " lady of culture " or not. Leslie's Illustrated News paper. Get Enough Mlecp. We have often heard young men remark that Ave hours of sleep was all they wanted, and all that the hu man system required. The habit ol going without sleep is very injuri ous. Thousands, no doubt, perma nently injure their health in this way. "We live in a fast age, when everybody seems to be trjiug to invert the order of nature. If folks will persist in turning night into day, it is not to be wondered at that few lust out the allotted term of life. No matter what be a man's occupa tionphysical or mental, or, like Othello's, "gone," and living in idle ness the constitution cannot last, depend upon it, without a sufficien cy of regular and refreshing bleep. John Hunter, the great surgroiylied suddenly of spasmodic affection of the heart, a disease greatly encour aged by want of sleep. In a recent ly published volume by a medical man, there is one great lesson that hard students and literary men may learn, and that is Hunter probably killed himselr by taking too little sleep. "Four hours rest at night and one after dinner, cannot be deemed sufficient to recruit the ex hausted powers of body and mind." Certainly not: and the consequence was that Hunter died early. If men will insist on cheating Sleep, her "twin-sister, Death," will avenge the insult. "I want to find out who is the master of this house," said the man with a book under his arm to the vinegary -looking woman with a pointed nose and a very small top knot, who opened the door for him. "Well, stranger," she said, with arms akimbo, "you just walk around into the back-yard and ask a little spindle-shanked deacon you'll find there fixin' up the grape-arbor, and he'll tell you if I don't boss this ranche he don't know who does. Now, what do you want with me?" Don't write long obituaries. Save some of your kind words for the Hviuff. The Sort of Girl to Get. The true girl has to be sought for. She does not parade herself as show goods. She is not fashionable. Generally, she is not rich. But, oh! what a heart she has when you find her I So large and pure and wo manly. When you see it yon won der if those showy things outside were women. If you gain her love your two thousand are millions. She'll not ask you tor a carriage or a first-class house. She'll wear sim ple dresses ami turn them when necessary, with uo vulgar magnificat to frown upon her economy. She'll keep everything neat and nice in your sky parlor, and give you tuch a welcome when you come home that you'll think your parlor higher than ever. She'll entertain true friends with a dollar, and, astonish you with the new thought how little depends upon money. She'll make you love home (if you don't you're a brute), and teach you how to pity, while you scorn a poor, fashionable society that thinks itself rich, and vainly tries to think itself happy. Now, do not, I pray you, say any more, " I can't afford to marry." Go find the true woman aud you can. Throw 'away that cigar, burn up that switch-cane, be sensible yourself, and seek your wife in a sensible way. Oliver Wendell Holmes. He had broken his promises to marry the girl, and her father want ed a money consideration to help heal a wounded heart. The young man said he would consider a reas onable proposition. "Well, then," said the irate father, who was seek ing justice for his daughter, 'young man, how does a dollar and a half strike you !"' Don't publish your acts of chari ty. The Lird will keep the ac count straight. QQZt&ixmvm STATE BANK, Cs::c!:r: is Gcrr ri Eeci i 7u:c Ealrt. COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA CASH CAPITAL, $50,000 MRKCTOKs: Leandeb Uekhakd, Pro, '. Gko. "W. II UL3T, Vice Pes' Julius A Heed. Edward A. Gkkkakd. Akxek Turner, Cashier. Hunk of Deposit UiNcounl and Exchange. Collection I'roinplly 31ndc on all Point. Pay Interest on Time Depos itN. 271. CITY MEAT MARKET, ON OI.IVC ST.. OPrOSITK IIAJI M .! HOUSE. Will keep on Iiand all kinds ol Fresh and Salt Meats, also Sausage, Poultry Fre-h Finn, etc., all in their season. Cash paid for Hides, Lard an Ra con. WILL.T. KICKLY. CENTRAL MAT MARKET K litis STREET. Dealers in Fresh and Salted Meats. Ac. Tovn Lots, Wood. Hides, Ac. J. KICKLY, Agent. Columbus, June 1. 1877. NEBRASKA HOUSE, S. J. MARMOY, Prop'r. Nebraska Ave., South of Depot, COIMj.TlRljg, 31 EB. A nsw house, newly furnished. Good accommodations. II nurd hy day or week at reasonable rates. aSel n. Firat-CInas Tnble. Meals, SC Cants. I Latirlngs 26 Cts JK.JK UIYIO.X PACIFIC LAND OFFICE, SAMUEL C. SMITH Agent, ATTEXDS TO ALL BUSINESS per tainininp to a general Keal Estate Agency and .Notary Public. Have in structions and blanks furnished by United States Land Office for making final proof on Homesteads, thereby sav ing a trip to Grand Island. Have a large number ol farms, city lots and all lands belonging to U P. E. R. in Platte and adjoining counties for sale very cheap. Attend to contesting claims before U. S. Land office. Ollee one Door TTest of namooad Hoaas, COLUMBUS, NEB. F. W. OTT, Clerk. ?pki lriBn. THE Albion Mills. SACKET & CROUCH, Albion, Neb. The proprietor are practical millers, attend an J they to the griRUing themselves. DEFY COMPETITION! FurnUbed with the latest unproved machinery, they are prepared to do all kinds of CUSTOM AMD MERCHANT TORI RYE AND FEED GROUND EVERY DAY. CORN MEAL CONSTANTLY ON HAND. "We make several brands of lour But recommend to the trade our AL HION MILLS ii STAR" BRAND, If is a superior article made CHOICE SELECTED WHEAT. 35.1 from ii YOU BET. )) A. W. LAWRENCE, AGENT FOll THE S5j r WIND MILL, Will hereafter be found TIlItEE DOORS SOUTH of the Post Office, where he keeps a full line of every style PUMP. PIPE, HOSE, And the Celebrated I X L FEED MILL. As he krep a Pump Home xcliii vcly, he is able to sell CHEAPER THAN' THE CHEAPEST. Pumps for any depth well. Pumps driven or repaired, aud Rods cut. GIVE IIDI 350 i CALL 1D SATE MO.NEY. BECKER & WELCH, PB0PEIET0ES OF SHELL CREEK MILLS. MANUFACTURERS &. WHOLE SALE DEALERS IN FLOUR AND MEAL. OFFICE, COL UJfJ US, KEB. Dr. A. HEINTZ, DEAI.KR IN n wi.m:s, B.iti;oies, Fine Soaps, Brushes, PERFUMERY, Etc., Etc., And all articles iimuIIv kept on hand by DrucgiDts. Physicians Prescriptions Carefully Compounded. One door I2si.sC (if Galley's, on Eleven (Ii Ktreet, COLUMBUS. NEBRASKA B.OSmiBSI NEW STOKE AND- New Stock. A full, freh lupply of grocerici, STAPLE AND FANCY, JiiRt opened, and for alc at low-down prices. X3TOIlTe Street, oppoxite the "Tatternll." james McAllister. Wm. SOH3LZ, Manufacturer and Dealer in BOOTS AND SHOES! A couplets assortment or Lanln' aad Chil dren's Shoe kept on hand. Ail Work Warranted!! Oar Motto Good stock, excellent work and fair prices. Especial Attention paid to Bepairiiig. Cor. OIItc aad 19th 8t. RRX 1878. THE jolmtihts gjotmml It conducted as a FAMILY NEWSPAPER, Devoted to the best mutual inter eats of its readers and its publish ers. Published at CoIiinibu.i'I:itte county, the centre of the agricul tural porti n of Nebraska, it is read by hundreds of people cnt who arc looking towards Nebraska as their future home. Its tmltscribera in Nebraska are the staunch, solid portion of the community, ai is evidenced by the fact that the Journal has never contained a "dun" againat them, and by the other fact that ADVERTISING In its columns always brings its reward. Business is business, and those who wish to reach the 6oIid people of Central Nebraska will find the columns of the Journal a splendid medium. JOB WORK Of all kinds neatly and quickly done, at fair prices. This species of printing is nearly always want ed in a hurry, and, knowing this fact, we have so provided for it that we ci" furnish envelope, let ter hendh, bill heads, circulars, posters, etc., etc., on very short notice, and promptly on time as we promise. SUBSCRIPTION. copy per annum " Six moutliK " Three months, $2 00 . 1 00 . 50 Siii'rlc copy sent 10 any addrcfc in the United States for 5 tits. M. Z. TURNER & CO., ColunibtH, Nebraoka. 1870. J OH IV WIGGINS, WHOLESALE AND H AM PWAR 15 f STOVES. IKON, TLWARE. Nails, Rope, Wagon Material, glass, Paint, Etc., CORAF.R l'U:i'i:TII COLUMBUS, C. B. STTLLMAN, Wholesale and MUGS, MEDICLME, PALYLU OILS. AVXiSTDOAV" GLASS, PERFUMERY, PATENT MEDICINES. ETC. Keeps on hand all article" iinally kept In a lirt-clas Iru;r Store. Dealer in surroundinjr country will find it'to their intercut to purchase from him. a he can and will give IJKD-ROCIv PRICES. Prescriptions Carefullv Corn-pounded. MTA UUUU AsSUKlJliiAl VI ALil. 353 S AF"ES 1 The Celebrated Diebold, Norris & Go's (Late D'cbold & Kicuzle,) Fire and Burglar Proof! HAVE THE BEST All leading Railroa i I Ezprsss Companies Not One Lost in the Two Great Fires in Chicago; alio preserved the content in every instance, at Independence, Iowa: at Central City, Col.; at Oshkoib, "Wis., and at all places have atood the test, without failure. All Sizes for Sale and Made to Order. Old Safes taken in Exchange. County and Bank Work n. Good Work D. S. C0VENT, GENERAL AGENT, CHICAGO. WILL. B. DALE, Agent, 234 Formerly Pacific House. Thia popular house has been newly Refitted and Furnished. Meals &cts. Day Board per week,. . . $1.00. Board and Lodging, 5 and ?6. Good Livery and Feed Stable in con nection. SATISFA TION GUARANTEED. JOHN HAMMOND, l'roprlctor. Chicago & North-western The Great Trunk Lino from the YFrt to Chicago and the East. It Is the oldest, shortest, most direct. oonTenlcnt, comfortable and in every respect the best line 70a can take. It Is tho greatest and Rrandest RalhraT organization in the United States. It owns or controls 2100 MILES OF RAILWAY PCXXXAX HOTEL OARS re ran tea by It through between COUNCIL BLUrra Jb CHICAGO I No other road rnna Pullman Ilotel Cart, or any other form of Hotel Cart, through, between tho Ulasoori filver and Chicago. PASSENGERS COKiG EAST should bar fc mind that this lathe BEST ROUTEWCHICAGO AND ALL POINTS EAST. Passengers by this route haye choice of FITS DIFFERENT BOOTES and the adrantags of Elxht Dally IJnea l'alace Sleeping: Cars from CHICAGO to PHILADELPHIA AND NEW YORK, AND OTHER EASTERN POINTS. Insist that the Ticket Agent tells jou tickets by the North-Western Road. Examine your Tickets, and refuse to bur if they do not read orer this Road. All Agents sell them kud Check usual Baggage Free by this Line. Through Ticket Tia this Routs to all Eastern I Points can be procurtd at the Central Pacific Rail road Ticket Office, foot of Market Street, and at I New Montgomery Mreet, Han Franr isco, and at aX oupon Ticket Offlccs or Central Pacific, Union Pacific, and all Western Railroads. I New York Office, No. 415 Broadway. Boston Office. No. 6 State Street. Omaha Office, 345 Farn- baaa Street. San Francisco Office, it New Mont- I gomery Street. Cblcsgo Ticket Offices : 62 Clark I btrcet, under Sherman House ; 75 Canal, corner , Madison Street; Klnzie Street Depot, corner Weil I Klnrle and Canal Streets ; Wells Street Depot, comer Wells and Einzle Streets. For rates or information aot attainable frm your home ticket agents, apply to Mbtim nenmrr. W. 17. STBrorrr, Cfca'l Maag'r. Calcaso. Gta'I Ius. Ag't, Cnloscc It ETA I L DEALER IN ,! OI.IVI: .ITRIIETK, NEBRASKA. Retail Dealer in J'Al'f.K ALH A 1 a hbl'i l- n;un. t RECORD OF ALL. and Bankers in tteNorttwest m them. ; Specialty. Prices am cau be .tlade. I ow a. COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA J. M. HONAHAN, Uizz!i?.vk tzi dull: Is Boots Shoes. First-Class M aad M UaiemL I ISTFulI selection of eastern work al ways on hands. Repairing neatly and promptly done. Store opp. the Post-Offlcc. on 13th St. uj it ft 7 ft p 3 9. r ft I goo 0 Q H II 0 o o o ft r p Co) 32 71 toe 3 f u J aw CD H rem ft r 91 Ul i f r j ej Til Hi O w w EG 4 5? ? O r Cf? 0 K, K" fOOg H I I (- o H $ O O CO M C 32 o o CD P go SriH OQ CO " r rw ft 0 CO H 1 1 1 1 11 M lJ w CD a) CD o 0 - I-f- 3 a. d S3. H g oft 9 CD O CD V) H 0) H H V Hn n H . sH ffl9 fffl WW i g V (ft ; !