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GOING TO SCHOOL.
Practical VcrxH Theoretical Edaculion. I expected to hear from Mr. Old Fogy again, and was therefore not surprised at his ring the other even ing. Ilo brought along one of his pupils, a lad of 12,and there was a sly twinkle in Mr. Old Fogy's eyes as he robbed his hands before the fire. "I want to show you that you are all wrong," he said as he sat down, ''and I have therefore brought Jame3 along. Yon can ask him any ques tion you see lit. Perhaps you had better test him iu geography a lit tle." "James, "what are the principal products of Louisiana?" I asked. "Sugar, molasses, cottou and rice," ho promptly answered. "How do we get sugar? What is it before it is sugar?" "I don't know, sir." "Does rice grow on trees, or bow?" "On trees, I guess." "What is molasses, James?" "It is sweet stuff, sir." "How docs cotton grow?" "I don't know we never had that." "What are exports ?" "I don't know, 6ir." "Why do yon ask him such ques tions?" put in Mr. Old Fogy, getting irritated right away. "Simply to sec if you have really taught him anything. You have beeq teaching him forsevcral years, and yet he can't tell whether molasses is dug out of a hill or picked from an old knot-hole. When you first mentioned the name Louisiana to him you could have explaincdall the rest in two minutes. Xow, James, what is our system of government?" "Republican, sir." "And what is that of Russia?" "Monarchial, sir." "Very well ; what is the difference between them? Xante any one point." "It is awful cold iu Russia!" an swered the boy after a long wait. "That isn't fair indeed it isn't!" exclaimed Mr. Old Fogy, as he rose up. "Isn't it? You have, as a teacher, asked these same questions week af ter week for twenty years, and yot never explained a single point. The boy now believes that the weather makes the difference between a free government and a despotism, and he'll keep on believing until some one outside of the school enlightens him. Xow, James, take this slate and pencil and draw me a cape. "Why, how singular!" growled Mr. Old Fogy. "Yes, very," I replied, as James gave it up. "For years this boy has been told that a cape is a point o" land projecting into the water, and yet he can not mark out one ? Well, does he know anything about arith metic." "He can do any sum in the first half of the book, sir." "Cau, eh ? James, if you kept store, and a woman bought ten yards of dress goods at forty cents per yard, but returned the goods and want ed factory at five cents per yard, how man yards would you give her?" James figured. He bit his pencil aud figured again. He pushed out his tongue, wet his pencil and final ly replied : "Very singular very singular?" growled Mr. old Foggy. "So it is. Now, let mo hear him read." James took the school reader and began : "A farmer whose poultry yard had suffered severely from the foxes, succeeded at last in catching one," etc. "Is your book right side up, James?" "Yes, sir." "And your eyes on the lines." Yes, sir." "Well, now, wait a moment." Haifa dozen children were play ing up stairs, and calling them down 1 selected a girl eight jcars old, handed her the book, and said : "Now, Lily, turn the book upside down and read us about the farmor and the fcx." She held the book away and re peated a whole page without hesita tion. "You see, Mr. Old Fogy, your boy has read that article and heard it read a hundred times. It was long ago monotonous to him. He simply repeats it parrot-like, and his mind is not a whit interested, as it would be if ho read something new and different each day. Now, I'll show you how I would teach school. Children, stand her in a row, and all answer together." "If I ship goods into an other ceun try what arc they called ?" "Exports, sir." "If I buy goods of anv other coun try?" "Imports, sir." "Now, Henry, I give vou the word "Iron, sir," he began, "is dng from the earth in the form of ore. It is melted, puriged and then used in the manufacture of thousands ofarticles. Iron ore is found in several States in the Union, and in many countries across the occean. Without iron wc could have no machinery. "What book did be learn from ?" asked Mr. Old Fogy. "From none. Two jweeks ago I showed him a piece of iron ore and explain od what he sow knows as well as you or I. He isn't ten years old yet and he can hardly read at all. Now, little Susan, here is a newspaper." "Yes, sir. In the first place the paper is made of rags or straw or wood. Then men called printers arrange metal letters into words and words into lines, and when there arc enough to fill the paper it is printed on what is called a press." "Singular very singular," cough ed Mr. Old Fogy. "Is it? Your 12-year old pupil couldn't have explained a single point. I have repeated that twice to this G-year old child and she is as well posted as you are. Let me ask your pupil what a conjunction is." "A word connecting two other words, sir." "Yes; and now write mean ex ample." He took the pencil and wrote: "Detroit, Michigan, 1878." "Your pupil Mr. Old Fogy, has answered my question a hundred limes, and you see how he fails when he comes to practice. Now, children, I write, 'Horses and dogs and please tell me which word is a conjunction?" "And!" they cried in chorus. "I gave him a like lesson last night for the first time, Mr. Old Fogy, while your pupil has had it for years. You have taught him the theory I have given him the practice. If I were a teacher I'd lock up every book and begin on the plaster on the walU and instruct them in the use ful of every day life." "Plaster?" he gasped. "Yes, I'd take that as the very foundation. Cau you, Mr. Old Fogy, old as you are, tell me how plaster for lath work is mixed?" "I I won't be talked to in this way, sir," he exclaimed as he rose to go. We are sending our children to school to learn theory. They look through glass windows, and yet have no idea what glass is. Brick walls enclose them, and they have no idea how bricks are made. Coal furnaces warm their rooms but they know nothing at all about coal. It snows or rains or blows, and no one explains the interesting lesson of atmospheric changes. They have beautiful lessons in the engraving of their books, but they see nothing but pictures. They read print, but they know nothing of its value to the world. Then when our boys come home, and wonder why frost heaves a post out of the ground or a board warps in the sun, we turn round and say: "Why, you mutton-head, haven't I sent you to school for ten years?" J. Quad in Detroit Free Press. MnxiitiM ly Iteiiumin Frank lin. Many foxes grow gray, but few grow good. Presumption first blinds a man and then sets him running. Drink docs not drown care, but waters it and makes it grow faster. Hiving been poor is no shame, but being ashamed of it is- The wise man draws more advan tage from his enemies than a fool from his friends. Keep conscience clear, then never fear. Strive to be the greatest man in your country, and you may be dis appointed; strive to be the best and yon may succeed. Honest Tom! Yon may trust him with a house full of untold mill stones. There is no man so bad but what he secretly respects the good. Courage would fight, but discre tion won't let him. We are not so sensible of the greatest health as of the least sick ness. A good example is the best ser mon. A quiet concicnce rests in thunder, but rest and guilt live far asunder. He that won't be counseled can't be helped. Write injuries in the dust, benefits in marble. What is serving God ? 'Tis doing good to man. Time enough always proves little enough. He that cannot bear with other people's passions cannot govern his own. He that by the plow would thrive, himself must either hold or drive. Sumac. Nebraska ought in some way to utilize the immense wild crop of American sumac that yearly goes to waste. It costs nothing but to gath er and cure. There is a marker for it, and at remunerative figures. The Shoe and Leather Reporter, New York, says : "As to the use of and demand for the article, we can only say that it has been a staple product ior me past ten years, the prices varying with the amount of produc tion, and the quotations for Sicily sumac, with which it is always a competitor to some extent, although it brings usually only about three fourths the price of the latter. Experience has shown the Ameri can sumac, equal in its properties to the Sicily sumac, when properly handled. Only the leaves are used, and they must be cured in the shade and kept from heating during the process. Thousands of tons of this natural product go to waste annu ally in Nebraska, which might be made to yield a revenue of many thousands of dollars. Nebraska Farmer. Secretary Sherman on Re sumption and Silver. Chicago, January 13. The fol lowing is received here : Washing ton, D. C, January 8. Thomas L. Nichol,Eq., secretary honest money league, Chicago, Ills., Dear Sir: I have to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 4th inst., enclos ing a copy of the kindly resolutions adopted at the meetiug of the honest money league, on the 4th instant, for which return my grateful thanks. Resumption, so long struggled for, and so eminently beneficial to all interests and all classes, is now se cure. There are but two points incident to resumption about which I notice complaint: First, the non payment of interest on the public debt iu gold coin at cities other than New York ; second, criticism of the distribution of the silver dollar by this department. To maintain spe cie payments the coin must be kept in some central convenient deposi tory, always accessible. The law fixes New York a3 this place. It is not reasonable while we promptly redeem our notes and pay the in terest on the public debt in New York that complaint should be made because the coin is not scat tered by being transported at the will of creditors at considerable cost, to other parts of the United States, we must make no distinction between the payment of interest and the redemption of notes, but both should be paid at the same place and iu the 6ame way, or we again make the discrimination so much complained of between the noteholder and the bondholder. I hope, after some preparation and lapse of time, it may be convenient to exchange coin for notes and save interest to the depositories iu the United States and I will seek to bring about that result, not as a matter of legal duty but for the con venience of citizens. As to the other matter, I have a clear conviction that the forced payment of the silver dollar to pub lic creditors would tend to depre ciate it and cause it at once to be sold in the market at less than par. No friend of the silver dollar should desire it to be forced into circula tion under such circumstances. This would open a gap between the silver dollar and United States notes that would tend to bring it into dis credit among our people, while it is plainly the policy of the law that it should be maintained at par with United States notes. The depart ment is now issuing the silver dol lars, transporting them free of charge whenever needed to all who wish them iu exchange for United States notes or in payment for ser vices, and it is hoped that the whole coinage may thus be put in circula tion. While it is the duty of the government to coiu different kinds of money, as public policy diciates, it should be within the power of the citizen at his option to demand ei ther form of lawful money. It is hoped that the friends of resump tion will be satisfied with the be neficent results already accomplish ed, and will give this department reasonable forbearance in the prac tical execution of its plans. If so, those who have hitherto disagreed with us about resumption will join with us in applauding the policy now being maintained. Very respectfully yours, Jons Sukuma.v. Mrs. Sen ator Jones' Diamonds. Senator Jones, of Nevada, having replenished his depleted exchequer by a fortunate rise in Sierra Nevada stock, comes back with his beauti ful young wife and maiden sifter to occupy his half of the Butler Block, on Capitol Hill. He left here five months ago for his home at Gold Hill, "dead broke," in vulgar par lance, or "busted," as the miners term it. Foreseeing the rise in mining stocks, he invested all he could raise or borrow in Sierra Ne vada, and reaped a rich return. Still he had not enough to fill the measure of his opportunity. His wife had a splendid diamond neck lace, for which he had paid in opu lent days the sum of $35,000, and which she, being a retiring little body, not given to display, had nev er worn but once. "My dear," said he to her one day, "If you will let me invest your dia monds in Sierra Nevada you shall have the proceeds for pin-money." "As you please," said the dutiful little woman. "You know I never wear them." Senator Jones is not the man to go hawking his wife's jewels about the streets, so he offered them to the first Jew he met, and received $12 000 for them, which he invested on margin in her name, and to-day she is worth .110,000 in registered bonds. He paid his debts, canceled the mortgage on his 100,000 worth of furniture, which Butler held as collateral for three years' rent, and in less than half a year returns with several millions to spare. And that is the way they do things "out West." The Jones family will give several grand entertainments dur ing the winter, a la San Francisco. Washington Correspondence Phila delphia Times. "I wonder, uncle, said a little girl, if men will ever yet live to be five hundred or a thousand years old ?" "No, my child," responded the old man; "that was tried once, and the race grew so bad that the'world had to be drowned." The Old Battle. We trust that northern men are not overlooking the testimony that is being brought before the Teller committee in session at New Or leans. It is an old story the wit nesses tell, but it deserves attention all the more because it is old. It shows that the habit of outrage, in timidation and murder has become an inveterate one. It reveals in bald form the southern democratic methods. Think for a moment of eighty men being killed in a single parish on account of their political opinions. There is a foul wrong being done to voters in the south, and there is a foul wrong being done to voters in the north. Our whole system is built up on the idea of equality. This funda mental principle has been violated in the south. The country can not, will not stand it. If this political persecution docs not cease, what the southern democrats call the bloody shirt will be again raised. There can be no compiomisc. The con science, the sense of justice, of the nation will be stirred. Much as the revival of the old issues may be de precated, much as the nation dreads to see a campaign fought on these questions, it will never rest until ample and complete protection is assured to every citizen within its borders. When Franklin wa9 embassador to Franco, being at a meeting of a literary society and not well under standing French when declaimed, he determined to applaud when he saw a lady friend express approval. When they had ceased, a little child who understood French said to Franklin: "Why, you always ap plauded most when they were prais ing you!" Franklin laughed heart ily, and explained his dilemma. "A distinguished Methodist di vine" says that only for the women in that denomination one-half the churches would die the first year and the other half the second. And still the Methodist church will not ordain women to preach. Des Jloines Jicyister. They are coming to it at last. The Northwestern Theological Semina ry will this year graduate a lady in the full course, and she is said to be one of the best students that school has ever had. Omaha liepublican. "Leave my presence!" she ex claimed. "Not much, I won't leave your presents," ho replied, as he scooped 'em into his Ulster, and si lently stole away. Matrimony is a holy institution. Not only docs it unite mau to his best friend, but it furnishes a good living for thousands of divorce lawyers. STATE BANK, Css:c::::s ts Gerr.ri & 2::i a;i T;:zo: & Ezltf. COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA. CASH CAPITAL, $50,000 UJRECTOha: LEAXDnn GEKaAim, Prey I. Geo. W. Hulst, Vice Pes' Julius A Reed. Edwaud A. Geijkard. Aisneb Tukn'eu, Cashier. ICank of Deposit, Discount nuil Kxcliansc. Collections Promptly I?Sade on all Points. Pay Interest on Time Depos its. 274. NEBEASKA HOUSE, S. J. MARMOY, Prop'r. Nebraska Ave., South of Depot, COIX'.MIUJS, IVEB. A nsw house, newly furnished. Good accommodations. Board by day or week at reasonable rates. SSTSets a First-Class Tahlc. Xenls, 2 Cents. I Lodgings 26 Cts 3S-:M,r UIVIOIV PACIFIC LAND OFFICE, SAMUEL C. SMITH Agent, ATTENDS TO ALL BUSINESS per tainininfr to a general Real Estate Agency and .Notary Public. Have in structions and blanks furnished by United States Land Office for making final proof on Homesteads, thereby sav ing a trip to Grand Island. Have a large number ol farms, city lots and all lands belonging to U P. R. K. in Platte and adjoining counties for sale very cheap. Attend to contesting claims before U. S. Land office. Office on Door Went of Hammond Hobs?, COLUMBUS, NEB. ' " F. VT. OTT, Clerk. Speaks Germrn. the Albion Mills. SACKET & CROUCH, Albion, Neb. The proprietors are practical millers, attend to the grinding themselves, and they DEFY COMPETITION! Furnished with the latest improved machinery, they are prepared to do all kinds of f RYE AND FEED GKOUND EVERY DAY. CORN MEAL CONSTANTLY ON HAND. "We make several brands of 1 ou.:e But recommend to the trade our AL BION MILLS ( i STAR" BRAND It. is a superior article made from CHOICE SELECTED WHEAT. (you bet; A. W. LAWRENCE, AGENT FOR THE Vciif.iEB aSgSSET WIND MILL, Will hereafter be found TIIKEE DOOHS SOUTH of the Post Office, where he keeps a full line of every style PUMP, PIPE, HOSE, Aud the Celebrated I X L FEED MILL. Ashe keeps a Pump House exclusively, he is able to sell CHEAPER THAN THE CHEAPEST. Pumps for any depth well. Pumps driven or repaired, and Rods cut. GIVE IIDI A CALL A.D SAVE MOXEY. 330 BECKER & WELCH, PB0PBIETOES OP SHELL CREEK MILLS. MANUFACTURERS & WHOLE SALE DEALERS IN FLOUR AND MEAL. OFFICE, COL UJIB US, NFli. Dr. A. HEINTZ, DEALER IX WIIVES, l.IQUOKS, Fine Soaps, Brushes, PERFUMERY, Etc., Etc., And all articles usually kept on hand by Druggists. Physicians Prescriptions Carefully Compounded. One door I?:ist of S:iIItj, on Eleventh Street, COLUMBUS. NEBRASKA NEW STORE -a:;d- New Stock. A full, frcph supply of groceries, STAPLE AND FANCY, Just opened, and for sale at low-down prices. EST Olive Street, opposite the "Tuttersall." .tames McAllister. Wm. SCHILZ, Manufacturer and Dealer in BOOTS AND SHOES! A complete assortment of Ladles' and Clill drcn'a Shoe kept on hand. All Work Warranted!! Our Motto Good stock, excellent work and fair prices. Especial Attention paid to Bepairing. Cor. Olive and 12tli Sts. oxv J! pff t5Jk . 1878. THE Hsohnt(his Journal Is conducted as a FAMILY NEWSPAPER, Devoted to the best mutual inter ests of its readers and its publish ers. Published at Columbus. Platte county, the centre of the agricul tural portion of Nebraska, it is read by hundreds of people cast who are looking towards Nebraska as their fnturc home. It3 subscribers in Nebraska arc the staunch, solid portion of the community, as is evidenced by the fact that the JOUKXAL has never contained a "dun" against them, and by the other fact that ADVERTISING In its columns always brings its reward. Business is business, and those who wish to reach the 6olid people of Central Nebraska will lind the columns of the Joukxal a splendid medium. JOB WORK Of all kinds neatly and quickly done, at fair prices. This species of printing is nearly always want ed in a hurry, and, knowing this fact, we have so provided for it that we c:' furnish envelopes, let ter heads, bill heads, circulars, posters, etc., etc., on very short notice, and promptly on time as we promise. SUBSCRIPTION. 1 copy per annum $2 00 " Six months l 00 " Three mouths, 00 Single copy sent to any address in the United States for 5 cts. K. K. TUENER & CO., Columbus, Nebraska. 1870. JOHN WIGGINS, WHOLESALE AND H AMk BWAM H ST0V1S, BON, TINWARE. Nails, Rope, Wagon Material, Glass, Paint, Etc., COR2TOR BLKTG.Vni COLUMBUS, C. B. STILLMAN, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in DRUGS, MEDICINES, PAINTS, OILS, "WTDSTDOAV" GLASS, PERFUMERY, PATENT MEDICINES, ETC. Keeps on hand all articles usually kept in a lirt-clan Dru;.' Store. Dealer in surrounding country will lind it to their interest to purchase from him, at lie can and will give RED-ROCK PRICES. Prescriptions Carefullv Coni-pounded. S3TA GOOD ASSORTMENT OF WALL PAPER ALWAYS KEPT IN STOCK. 333 AWM The Celebrated Diebold, Norris & Co's (I.nte nieliold & Ilenzle) Fire and Burglar Proof! HAVE THE BEST RECORD OF ALL. All leading Eailroa i I Ezpress Companies and Bankers in Urtat have them. Not One Lost in the Two Great Fires in Chicago; al.o preserved the contents in every instance, at Independence, Iowa: at Central City, Col.; at Ohhkosh, Wis., and at all places have stood the test, without failure. All Sizes for Sale and Made to Order. Old Safes taken in Exchange. I County and Ilanlt IVorlc a. Good IVork D. S. C0VENT, GENERAL AGENT, CHICAGO. WILL. B. DALE, Agent, 234 Formerly Pacific House. This popular house has been newly Refitted and Furnished. Meals 3.'cts. Day Board per week,.. .. $1.00. Hoard and Lodging, 5 and JG. Good Livery and Feed Stable in con nection. 8ATI8FA TION GUARANTEED. JOHN HAMMOND, Proprlclor. CHICAGO & NORTH-WESTERN H-OLXX.TV.flL"3f, C , The Great Trunk Lino from tho West to Chicago and tho East. It is the oldest, shortest, most direct, convenient, comfortable and In every respect the best line yoq can take. It is the greatest and grandest Railway organization In the United States. It owns or controls 2100 MILES OF RAILWAY PUIXMAN HOTEL CARS are run alone by It through between COUNCIL BLUFFS & CHICAGO! No other road rnns Pullman Hotel Cars, or any other form of Hotel Cars, through, between tho Missouri IUver and Chicago. PASSENGERS GOIN EAST ehould bear fa mind that this la the BEST ROUTEZjoTCHICAGO AND ALL TOINTS EAST. Passengers by this ronto havo choice of FIVK DIFFEKEXT KOUTKS and the advantage of Eight Pally Lines l'alace Sleeping Cars from CHICAGO to PHILADELPHIA AND NEW YORK, AND OTHER EASTERN POINTS. Insist that the Ticket Agent t ellsyou tickets by the North-Western Road. Examine your Tickets, and rcf ate to buy if they do not read over this Road. All Agents sell them and Check usual Baggago Free by this Line. Through Tickets via this Route to all Eastern Points cau be procured at the Central Pacific Rail road Ticket Office, foot of Jtnrkct Street, and at I New Montgomery Street, San Franrisco, and at alt ( oupon Ticket Offices of Central Pacific, Union Pacific, and all Western Railroads. New York Office, No. 415 Broadway. Boston Office, No. 5 State Street. Omaha Office, 2t5 Farn ham Street. San Francisco Office, -i New Mont gomery Street. Chicago Ticket Offices : W Clark itrcet, under Mierman iiouso : to uauai, corner Madison Street ; Kinzle Street Depot, corner West Kinzle and C'jnal Streets : Kinzle and L-jnal btrccts : e a Street Depot, corner Wells and Kinzle Streets. For rates or Information not attainable frem your home ticket agents, apply to Marvin nromrr, W. H. Stktostt, Oen'l Mang'r, CUicaco. Gea'l fais. Ag't, Chicago RETAIL DEALER IX EE3S2S ESgjy-g-3 E2SZ331 iM&H AX1 OLIVE Sl'RKETJi, NEBRASKA. TW&n .Specialty. Prices as loxr as cun be .Hade. COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA J. M. HONAHAN, Boots Shoes. I First-Class te aaJ Hood Materia!, , I ISTFulI selection of eastern urk al ways on hands. Impairing neatly and promptly done. Store opp. the Post-Offlce, on I3th St. 433-tr ST W 181 3 p 3 9 o o o CL CD J 05 !S P - P 58 H :oo 35 O hi o '73 ; SCTQ i O O u CO p en yH! O o s sic si20 P (8 m -r-f-Q j, u) w wn i r 1 TJ a go m CD u a h " cd r W "" ?! h g? v d safe! ? Own U CD aOl ra Kip w wu- 3 Pi - H H H lJBS?f t Y 3 ii9 i sr 'j w w M ft , w y M I ' Bb- 9 t sr s a . i l . tu r 1 C PB J -dl i v it i? t it V ,