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The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, January 02, 1884, Image 1

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M. K. TURNER &, CO.,
Froprietori and Publishers.
taTBusiness and professional cards
of five lines or less, per annum, five
131 For time advertisements, apply
at this office.
B2"Ttegal advertisements at statuts
ratesV '
STor transient advertising, see
rates on third page.
t3f"All advertisements payable
OFFICE Eleventh St., vp stairs
in Journal Building.
Peryear ? Tr
Six months JeZ
Three moatbs
Single copies
VOL. XIvANbV36. ; J
WHOLE NO. 712.
t-Under "Star Clothing Store "Xe
braska Avenue, Columbus. is--m
- T. WOOD. M. ..
THm opened the office f rmerly oc
cupied by Dr. Bonestecl. 19.3m.
On Corner of Ttaelfth and North Streets,
over'Ernst's hardware store.
13-Offlcc hour. 8 to 12 a. ra.; 1 to o p. ui.
Oij-a ASHBAUOH. Dentist.
Up-stainrinOluck Building, 11th street,
Above the New bank.
XT J. IllliWO.
Ittfe Street. door, west or Haamon J lloase,
Columbus, Neb. M-7
I2T Office in Mitchell Block, Coluni
bui, Nebraska. "-
Office on Olive St., Columbus, Nebraska.
p G. A. UULLHOUST, A. M 51. D.,
3-Tvo Blocks south or Court House.
Telephone communication. 5-1?
Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Porters, Ales,
etc., etc.
Olive Street, next to First National Bank.
Office up-stairs in McAllister's build
Ing. 11th St. W. A. McAllister, Notary
Atursi; Mi KcUrj WJ e. Cdlsew.
Columbus, : : : Nebraska.
"Carriage, house and ign painting,
glazing, paper hanging, kalsomiimig, etc.
done to order. Shop on 13th St., opposite
Engine House, Columbus, Neb. 10-y
llth St., opposite Ltndell Hotel.
Sells Harness, Saddles, Collars, Whips,
Blankets. Currv Combs, Bruthcs,trunks,
valises, buggv tops, cushions, carnage
trimniiugs, v"c., at the lowest possible
prices. Repaid pr mptly attended to.
o. o. siiANisroisr,
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Hoofing and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
3rShop on Eleventh Street, opposite
Heintz's Drue Store. -?
His lands comprise some fine tracts
In the Shell Creek Valley, and the north
ern portion ol Pbtte county. Taxes
paid for non-residents. Satisfaction
guaranteed. 20 y
Packers and Dealers in all kinds of Hog
product, cash paid for Live or Dead Hog
or grease.
Direetors.-n. H nenry, Prest.; John
Wiggins, Sec. and Treas.; L. Qerrard, b.
J. B. Moncrief. Co. Supt-N
Will be in his office at the Court House
on the third Saturday of each
Month for the purpose of examining
applicants for teacher's certificates, ana
forthetransactton of any other business
pertaining to schools. W57-y
Plans and estimates supplied for either
frame or brick buildings. Good work
fuaranteed. Shop on 13th Street, near
t. Paul Lumber Yard, Columbus, Ne
braska. 526mo.
Livery and Feed Stable.
Ia prepared-to furnish the public w!tb
rood teams, buggies and carriages for all
occasions, especially for funerals. Also
coBducts a sale stable. 44
D.T. JlAJtTYX, M. D. P. Schcg, M. D.,
Deutscher Artz.)
U. S. Examining Surgeons,
Local Surgeons. Union Pacific and
O., N. 4B.H.R. B's.
$66 J
week at hosse. $5.00 outfit
free. Pay absolutely sure. No
risk. Capital not required.
Header, if you want business
at which persoas of either sex, young or
14, c ake great pay all tbe time they
jrark, with absolute certainty, write for
MrticBlars to H. Ballet k Co Fort
fzcttasnU Oimra Sill ui Tsrttf Baltt.
' ASH CAPITAL, - $50,000
xandkr CJerraud, Prest.
Geo. W. Hul'stY Vice Pres't.
Julius A. Reed.
Edward, A.Gerkaki.
J. E.'Tahkeh, Cashier.
Uaak of Deposit, DIscohbi
..nil ExebasiB-""- - ' '
Collect! Promptly Made o
ll IolBtM.
. ...
Pay latere! oa Time. Depos
it. ... -274
GTFrompt attention given 'to Col
lections. jgrinaurance, Real Estate, Loan,
etc. 5
"Would reipei-tfu'ly ask their friends and
patroni to call and examine
their stock of
Fall and" Winter Ooods
Berore purchasing their supplies, as they
have their store full from lloor to
ceiling of Staple and Fancy
For Men and Boys, at all Prices!
m m en, boots am shoes.
Blankets Quilts and all kinds of Fan
cy Notions.
!3rKcmmlier that we keep no shoddy
good, and strictly one thick is our
motto, which our twenty-live years resi
dence in Columbus will sustain. 23-3m
All kindis of Repairing dune on
Short Notice. Buggies, Wag
ons, etc., made to order,
and all work Guar- .
Also sell the world-famous Walter A.
Wood Mowers. Reapers, Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
and Self-binders the
best made.
Shop opposite the " Tattersall." Ol
ive St.. CUL.UMOU a. z-om-c
for" the working class
Isend 10 cents for postage.
and we will mail you free
a roval, valuable box of
sample goods that will put you in the way
of making male money in a few days than
you ever thought possible at anv busi
ness. Capital not required. "W"e will
start you. You can work all the time or
in spare time only. The work is uuiver
Sallv adapted to-both sexes, -young and
old." You can easily earn from 50 cents to
$3 everv evening. That all who want
work m'av test the business, we make
this unparalleled offer; to all who are not
well satisfied we will send $1 to pay Tor
the trouble of writing u-. Full particu
lars, directions, etc., sent free. Fortunes
will be made by those who give their
whole time to the work. Great success
absolutely sure. Don't delay. Start now.
Address Stixsox tt Co., Portland, Maine.
JOHNHDBER, thejolly auctioneer, has
opened a hotel on" 13ih St , near Tiffa
ny & BoutsonV, where clean beds and
square meals will always be found by the
patrons of the house. I will iu .the fu
ture, as in the past, give my be:t atten
tion to all sales of goods or farm stock, as
an" auctioneer.'
Satisfaction guaranteed; call and
see me and you will be made welcome.
Proprietorand Auctioneer.
Columbus, Neb., June 19, '83. 9-tf
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. SHEEHAN, Proprietor.
y Wholesale nd Retail Dealer in For
eign "Wines, Liquors and Cigars, Dub
lin Stout, Scotch and English Ales.
T Kentucky Whiskies a Specialty.
OYSTERS in their season, by the case
can or dish.
lltk Strawkt. Saratk of TO.
Carpenters and Contractors.
Harehad an extended experience, and
will guarantee satisfaction in work.
All kiads of 'repairing done.. on short
otlce. Our aotto is, Good work and
fairprlees. Call aad give ns .an oppor
taBltytoe.stiaateXor.you. SSTSbop on
13th St-one-door west of Friedhef &,
J Co's. start, Coluabus;Nebr 483-r
National Bank!
Authorized Capital,
Cash Capital,
- $250,000
OFFICERS xi director-.
A. ANDERSON. Pres't. ,.
SAM'I. C SMI rH. Vice Preset.
O. T. ItOKN, Cashier.
.1. V. EARLY,
Foreign and Inland Eschanite. Passige
Tickets, Real Estate, Loan and Insurance.
Rock Spring Coal, 7.00 per ton
Carbon (Wyoming) Coal COO "
Eldon (Iowa) Coal UO '
Blacksmith Coal of best quality al
ways on hand at low
est prices
North Side Eleventh St.,
Improved and Unimproved Farms,
Hay and Grazing Lands and City
Property for Sale Cheap
at the
Union Pacific Land Office,
On Lony Time and low ntfe
'of Interest. -
iSTFinal proof made on Timber Claims,
nomciteads ami Pre-empti r.n.
-B3TA11 wishing to buy lands of any de
scription will please call and ex unine
my list of lauds before lookiu ele where
S3TA11 having lamN to .ell w:ll pleise
call and give mo a description, t-rm ,
prices, etc.
j3TI a so am prepared to insure prop
erty, as I have the agency of several
first-class Fire insurance companies.
F. "W. OTT, Solicitor, speaks Germ in.
3t-tf Columbus, Nebraska.
General Agents for tbe Sale of
Union Pacific, and Midland Pacific
R. R. Lands for sale .it from S3.00 to S10.00
per acre for cash, or on five or ten year
time, in annual payments to suit pur
chasers. We have also a large and
choice lot of other lands, improved and
unimproved, for sale at low price and
on reasonable terms. Also business and
residence lots in the city. We keep a
complete abstractor title to all real es
tate in Platte County.
Furnitor, Chairs, Bedsteads; Ba
nana, Tables, Safes. Louim,
Ac. Fiotnra Framsa and
tiTBefrntrtngof all kind of Upholstery
Dyspepsia aad Hott Much It Means.
It is an encouraging fact that, in the
tut few years, men ranking very high
rnn authorities have furnished us with
manuals of health. Once such books
were written by those who thereby ex
pressed the narrowness of their knowl
edge. Now that we have hand books of
Physiology by such men as Michael Fos
ter and Huxley, "Slight Ailments," by
Beale, '-Health," by Prof. Corfield,
"Food and Feeding." by Sir Henry
Thompson, "Personal Care of Health,"
by Parkcs, and scores of similar con
densations by men of repute, wc are not
at a I033 or apt to bs misled in following
their suggestions. To these we add two
recent works by Dr. Fothergill the
one on "Indigestion, Biliousness and
Gout," and the other on "The Mainte
nance of Health."
Probably there are more chronic in
valids from dyspepsia in some one of
its protean forms than from any other
one disorder. This arises both from the
complicated system concerned in di
gestion and from the various outrages
which our appetites and indiscretions
too readily commit. While we no longer
talk so glibly of liver complaint, and
do not attribute everything to bilious
ness, the liver is still an organ that
gives a great amount of trouble. But
now we recognize that indigestion
means more than a stomach ailment,
and has to do with the entire intestinal
tract and its appendages. The stomach
deals with one variety of foods, the up
per intestines with others. The pan
creas and the liver have functions to
perform in relation to the incoming
tide of chyle or peptonized and liquefied
food, which determines much either as
to the quality of blood or the energy that
has to be put forth to separate the dross.
Organs themselves often come to have
an acute or more or less chronic state
of congestion, which unfits them to do
their work properly. Too often they
have to attempt repair while forced
into use by the eater, and so work at a
disadvantage. The book referred to
necessarily repeats much that is the
common stock of knowledge and of in
troduction to such a subject. We de
sire to make use of the newer and moiv
suggestive chapters. One of these has
reference to cases in which, for a time,
natural digestion has failed. When, for
instance, the stomach work of digestion
is feeble, so that meat or egg digestion
is imperfectly performed, wc now learn
.that the artificial addition of pepsin
and hydrochloric acid will often be of
great service. When, however, it is
the digestion of milk we arc seeking to
aid, we need the pepsin or pancreatic
secretion La an alkaline vehicle. So as
to fat; the mere condition of warmth
has much to do with its digestion.
Fats, like those of beef or mutton,
which easily congeal can not be con
verted into heat and force by many.
Cod liver oil is so nutritious "in part,
because it is a fat so easily digested. It
is because our knowledge has become
more specific that we no longer deal
with dyspepsia as a general disease, but
find out what foods and what part of
the digestion fails, and either seek di
rectly to restore it or do the digestion
for it artificially. Thus we use pepsin
as an artificial digestive aent when we
want to assist the digestion of albu
minoids; but to use it to aid digestion
of any form of fat would be simply a
waste. On the other hand, to aid the
digestion of fats, "the use of au arti
ficial pancreatic secretion" (alkaline iu
its character) aids the further diges:ion
of starch and acts upon the fat. Tin
is but an illustration of how futile are
all the varied forms of bitters and
pills and other dyspeptic remedies
unless there is an adjustment
of the remedy to the known
character of the indigestion. Tlure are
forms of indigestion for which the
alimentary system is not in the least
accountable. " This is sometimes called
secondary indigestion. If the mind is
overtaxed or in trouble, or there is a
worry of any kind, it is marvelous how
soon there will be interference with the
usual processes. The name hypochon
driac comes from the connection be
tween low spirits and disturbances of
the digestive functions. We need to
remember that all the so-called systems
are parts of one great system, and that
anything that affects the whole man
may also affect some special locality.
Multitudes of cases are on record where
some violent emotion has wholly de
ranged the digestive organs and made
recovery slow. Pernicious anreraia or
sudden and continuous loss of tlesh has
resulted from a nervous impression.
Good food, good sleep, good content,
must enter into our calculation if we
would have good digestion. Then, again,
if the skin is neglected there will often be
a congestion of internal organs which
seriously interferes with the functions
of the organic yiseera. Often the cure
of dyspepsia consists in a thorough rub
bing of the skin, a frequency of bath
ing, a care as to clothing, and such
other items as tend to keep the fine net
work of nerve and blood-vessels and
glands which the skin represents, in
working order. We may be clogged by
putting off on ouu class "of organs what
belongs to another, just as effectually as
by improper food. Let it be remem
bered that no part of the system so
much as the digestive apparatus indi
cates interferences with the general wel
fare of the whole body; anil that when
this is interfered with we are not at
once to suppose that all of the trouble
is of local origin or caused bv some
error of diet or regimen. A". Y. Inde
pendent. Fooling with a Bear.
Some weeks since a butcher on Mich
igan avenue bought a bear about a year
old. Just what he wanted of a bar
around a butcher shop has not been ex-
Elained, but he got him and chained
im up in the backyard, and showed
him off to all callers! Pretty soon the
boys got after Bruin. They" yelled at
him from the fence, called him names
through the stray knot-holes, and
tossed him a brick-bat whenever occa
sion offered. There was one boy a
chap about fifteen years old who had
an aching void. He ached and itched
and hungered to fool with the bear.
On several occasions ho climbed tbe
fence, and was discovered punching up
the animal with a stick, or trying to
lasso him with a piece of clothes-line.
The butcher caught him and booted
him around and cuffed his head and
called him a double-barreled idiot, but
next day the boy returned to his mut
ton. Sunday afternoon the butcher and his
family went out for a ride, leaving the
bear to run the menagerie. The lunk
head of a boy, who had been aching for
such an opportunity, was on hand soon
after the butcher disappeared. The
bear was fast to a ring and a ten-foot
chain, and just why the boy wanted to
get within nine feet of him was anoth
er mystery. He got there, however,
-and-the bear got him. When his
screams and yells had drawn a dozen
to tLr- 401 oi the fence there was
a free drco3 going on. The bear was
having more fun than would sd4 a
canal boat. The boy's hat was latfcinto
strings, his coat was in rags, and ho
was working for low wages and board
in himself.
The yells and howls sent forth by the
jnnior "partner in the circus business
seemed to tickle Bruin. He stood up
for a back-hold wrestle and won the
medal every time. Then he would roll
over and over on the ground, carrying
the boy with him and throwing his
claws around in the most reckless man
ner. Whenever the victim made a
break to get away he received a bite in
a new spot, and the bear wasn't a bit
tired or discouraged when a crowd of
fifty men and boys piled over the fence
and interrupted the proceedings. They
managed to get the boy away, and
with him a bundle of rags which onco
represented a salt and pepper suit, one
shoe, a pair of pants minus most every
thing but the buttons, and a dime novel
treating of hunters and the wild West.
One curious individual wanted the boy
detained until his bites and scratches
could be counted and duly labeled, but
the rest hadn't time. They put him in
a hand cart and drew him to his home
on Sullivan avenue, and when his
mother appeared at the door the leader
of the procession removed his hat and
kindly observed:
"Madam, here are the remains of a
boy who fooled with a bear. Tiie bear,
lam happy to observe, hasn't felt so
well before for three months!" Detroit
Free Press.
Rest for the Weary.
There is an unusual amount of ill
ness this autumn of the type known as
"nervous prostration." It is prevalent
among hard-worked people, who havo
been deprived of the needed summer
rest and relaxation, men who carry
their business home with them every
night, and women who are worn out by
domestic cares and worries. It is very
strange how much we are told about
food, clothing, ventilation, drainage,
exercise and other things which havo
an influence on our health, and how
very seldom we think of rest. And
yet, as a remedial and restorative
measure, it is of the first importance in
many cases. Most physicians know
what to do and when to" do it, but a
good deal of common sense is required
to discover how not to do something,
and when to let the patient alone. A
combination of drugging and fretting
kills more than half the sick people in
the world. A man's enemies can not
do him near so much damage as his
friends. The world is possessed with
the notion that when a man is taken ill
a terrible ado must be kept up, an al
ternation of nursing and fussing, while
preternaturally wise and whispering
doctors, sympathizing friends, tearful
relatives and chattering nurses add
their contributions to the wrong side,
and all because somebody is ill and
needs chieily rest. W'e have not
yet, most of us, gotten rid of the old no
tion of the ancients that disease is a per
sonality, a something that is in the air,
that travels about, enters our dwellings,
and finally seizes hold of us; something
akin, in tho minds of the ignorant, to a
goblin, ghost, fiend, demon or witch,
which only pills or potations can exor
cise, kill or cure. We are confident that
many a sensible physician will say, if
the patient will let him, that two-thirds
of all t he maladies of all the people in the
world would got well in a few hours or
days, if left to themselves, with no other
appliances than such.as instinct would
suggest and common sense employ. But
the patieuts often estimate the doctor's
skill by the wonderfully wise look
which lie assumes, and the extent or
variety of his prescriptions; and a sick
man's friends hate to seem unsyrapa
thizing, and so arc apt to be officious.
It is to be understood, of course, that
we arc not speaking of extreme cases,
but of the treatment of most of the ills
which flesh is heir to the troubles
which come upon overworked men and
women, so many of whom wc find all
around us in this pushing competitive
age. Their best remedy, if they can
take it, is rest. If that 'be impossible,
we can only pity them. Providence (R.
I.) Journal.
Indecent Publications.
Georgia ha a severe law against the
circulation of indecent literature, and a
man named Montrose has been con
victed under it and sentenced to a fine
of $1,000 for circulating a certain New
York paper devoted to the publication
of scandalous and criminal news. The
publisher of the paper has made Mon
trose's case his own and will seek to
bring the law before a United States
Court for the purpose of having its
constitutionality definitely passed upon.
Every friend ot decency and good
morals will join in the wish that the
Georgia law may be upheld in its letter
and spirit. It is a good law. It is the
expression of an effort on the part of a
virtuous and honorable people to keep
pure the fountains of instruction and
protect themselves from the foul im
purities which, in the name of litera
ture and news, are spewed out from
Northern cities. These immoral and
demoralizing sheets, dealing in crime
and scandal alone, and invariably em
bellished with pictorial illustrations.,
are published and circulated under the
protection of the liberty of the press,
but if" the liberty of the press which
originally meant and ought still to
mean, the unrestricted right to speak
of and discuss public aflairs, has be
come a bulwark of protection for as
saults upon the moral foundations of
social order, it is time it were recon
sidered and subjected to a more severe
definition. Liberty is one thing, li
censee is quite auotlier. Tbe one means
the right to seek good ends in the indi
vidual and the piiblic welfare; the other
means the right to do wrong and to
inflict wrong on the public by corrupt
ing its morals and sneering at its vir
tue. No harm would be done the pco
f)le of Georgia by forbidding the circu
ation of the paper in question within
that State. On the contrarv, a great
good would be accomplished. Indeed,
a great good would be accomplished by
forbidding its circulation in every State,
for its whole tendency is immoral and
corrupting. The Georgia statute Is as
good a law as the inhibited publication
is a bad paper, and it would be a public
misfortune, a triumph of vice over vir
tue, if the statute should be set aside as
an infringement on the freedom of the
press. St. Louis Republican.
Keeping up the conversation: At a
party the other evening there was a lull
in the conversation, which made the
host, who was inexperienced, somewhat
nervous. With a view to relief he asked
a mournful-looking man if he was mar
ried. "No, I am a bachelor," stiffly
replied the somber man. "Ah!" ob
served the host, wanning up with the
subject, "how long have you been a
bachelor?" There was another iull ia
the conve "" Chicago Tribune
The Eleateats ef Palmistry.
To begin with the fingers. The varia
tions of these are not numerous, and
any hand may be referred to one of
some three or four types. There are
the pointed fingers, where the finger tips
are small and conical and the fingers
themselves sleek and soft. They are
no uncommon possession and admit of
no doubt when they are found. It is
said that they indicate a dreamy dispo
sition, a tendency to poetize and to spec
ulate. Men with such bands are enthu
siasts and orators, have the gift of im
agination very prodigally bestowed upon
them, but at" the expense of common
sense and knowledge of the world. Such
hands are claimed for Shakespeare,
Schiller and Goethe, and certainly pos
sessed by Victor Hugo and George
Sand. With the soft fingers and con
ical tips there is no necessary alliance.
The lingers may be sleek and the tips
may be square. And this combination
gives us another class of character.
Here we have the tendency to art and
poetry, but better under control. They
are instructive rather than imaginative.
The fine frenzy gives place to an eye for
symmetry and an ear for rhythiu, and
the types are to be found in Moliere,
Pous'sin. "Taliban and Turenne. It is a
pity that we have no living examples.
Portrait painters a century ago had a
fashion of taking the face from the sitter
and the hands trom a favorite model.
Vandvck's warriors, diplomatists and
courtiers had all precisely the same
kind of lingers. Ihe lingers may be
even more than square, i'hey may be
spatulous, widened and rounded at the
end like a chemist's blender or an ar
tist's paletee knife. This is a very
practical hand indeed, widely removed
from the dreamer and the visionary
the hand of a man fond of movement
and of action, the hand of a man fond
of horses and dogs and hunting and
warfare, or, if he is more peaceanle, of
commerce and mechanism; a man of
order and of contrivance, a merchant, a
financier, or, it may be, only a church
warden. The spatulous hand is generally
found supplied with large finger knots,
but where the fingers have no predomi
nant joints the artistic character pre
vails. Men act from impulse rather
than from knowledge or reason. It is
not laid down, however, that the ten
dency of rheumatism is to convert poets
into politicians, though it painfully de
velops the knots of the fingers. Lastly,
there is a general rule that large hands
deal best with detail and short ones with
genearl effect. It would be interesting
to test this by examining the hands of
the Royal Academicians.
But the art descends into minuter de
tail. Each of the fingers has its special
characteristic, and a system of mytho
logical nomenclature has been adopted
based on the attributed distinctions.
The fingers known to us as first, second,
third and little are called respectively
Jupiter, Saturn, Apollo and Mercury,
and if it is thought that we are getting
into the region of the fantastic, it is only
fair to the Professor that his statement
be heard and be tested. There is ranged
across the palm of the hand a series of
little cushions or hills; one at the base
of each finger but a little way from the
thumb. Character lias in these, and
the character may be told by their ex
amination. The first finger indicates
ambition. If the mound is large, its
owner will have a love of power coupled
with a desire to shine, great gavety,
some pride, tendency to Miperstition,
and a fondness for nature. If the mound
be wanting, the life is one without dig
nity, the tastes are common, and the
man is narrow, selfish and interested.
The second finger is said to control his
life, as it shows the extent of his pru
dence and the probability of his success.
But if the mound be preternatural we
are to look for silence and solitariness
a Hamlet-kind of disposition, verging on
asceticism. The third finger, however,
supplies us with more cheerful reflection.
It is the finger of the arts. It shows the
presence of genius and probability of
fame. The man with a large mound
near his third finger will be amiable and
hopeful a delightful companion and an
excellent friend. But if the mound be
excessive the results are disastrous. A
love of notoriety converts the life into
vainglorious existence, with a tendency
to avarice and certain direction towanl
envy. Lastly wc come to the little
finger. It is the finger of invention, of
industry, of quickness, of ingenuity
the linger, probably that makes us a
nation of shopkeepers. It is the finance
linger, and an excesMve mound might
even be found among the less attractive
types of the British bankrupt, as it indi
cates sharp practice, disastrous acuteness
dishonorable trickery and a love of en
vasion. Pall Mull Gazette.
How Stanley Would Dispose of Africa.
At a recent meeting of the British
Association, Mr. Johnston read portions
of a letter which he had received from
Mr. H. M. Stan lev, dated Leopold ville,
Stanley Pool, July 23, 1883. After
mentioning the deaths of two explorers,
a Belgian and a French missionary, he
wrote: "You have amused me with
your remarks upon the Portuguese. I
nope you will not be tempted by the
self-interested hospitality of the Portu
guese to give your vote that the Congo
shall be given to them. If England but
waits a little she will see sufficient cause
to judge that she lias as much right as
any other nation which only .seeks to ex
clude British trade from this outlet to
Central African trade. Despite every
prognostication to the contrary, this
river will yet redeem the lost continent.
By itself it forms a sufficient prospect;
but when you consider its magnificent
tributaries, which flow on either side,
giving access to civilization to what
appeared hopelessly impenetrable a few
years ago, the reality of the general
utility and benefit to these darlc tribes
and nations fills the sense with admira
tion. Every step I make increases my
enthusiasm for my work and confirms
my first impressions. Give 1,000 miles
to the main channel, 300 to the Kwango,
120 to Lake Mantenba, 300 to the
Mobimbru, probably 800 to the Kaissai,
300 to the Sankuru, 500 to the Aru
wimi, and 1,000 more to undiscovered
degrees, for there is abundant space
to concede so much, and you have 4,520
mile3 of navigable water. Such an
ample basin, with such mileage and
navigation, with its unmeasured re
sources, would you bestow as a dower
upon such people as the Portuguese,
who would but seal it to the silence of
the coming centuries? Would you rob
tbe natural birthright of the millions of
Englishmen yet to issue seeking homes
similar to those which their forefathers
built in the Americas and the Indies?
For what? Is the robust Empire called
the British in its wane that you will put a
limit to its growth? Such an idea is
simply self-murder and a present confes
sion of impotence.
"Follow th; dictates of nature. As
in man, so with nations, nature is the
best guide. Statistics tell us that Eng
lishmen are increasinf fast, that ships
are building more and more evcryyear
that trade is extending, that the reventi
is augmenting, that colonies are form
ing, that wealth incessantly flows from
alt lands to England, that edncation
creates thousands daily of men fit to
cope with life's best work, namely, to
thrive and multiply and we are well
aware that the present Government is
not less able than its predecessors to
direct and maintain the force of the na
tion. Then why lock the gates of a
promising field against yourself ? Keep
the gates open; let him who seeks to
enter do so without let or hindrance,
and leave it to time. Time will teach
the British Government where its inter
eat lies. Meantime observe your treaties
with the native chiefs of Lower Congo;
protect them as you promised to tho
chiefs so far back as 1845 through your
naval officers. If you deliver these peo
ple into the hands of the Portuguese,
the past as well as well as tho present
teaches us what to expect. You deliver
them soul and body to hell and
slavery. So avoid the imputation of be
ing false and faithless, proclaim a pro
tectorate over the Congo, and preserve
these your people from their present im
pending fate. The very fact that you
are fresh from work will give what you
say an importance. Lend one hand to
the present movement, so that neither
French nor Portuguese nor any other
particular nation shall defraud England
of her rights and privileges in Africa in
broad daylight. It was Livingstone, an
Englishman, who discovered this river;
it was Anglo-American money which
explored it and made it kuown; it was
international money, part of which was
English, which began the task of mak
ing it useful to the world. It was Eng
lish goods, products and manufactures
which enabled us to move on and win
the love of the Congo Nation. Will you
still vote that we shall sacrifice all this
in honor of Diego Cam, whoso counUy
men allowed the pearl of African rivers
to lie idle for nearly four centuries?"
Cheers. London Times.
A G,000-Year-0Id Snake.
"We want to see the big snake."
Such was the request of Mr. D. M.
Lienhardt in explanation of a ring at the
door-bell of his residence. No, 1,025 Pop
lar street, yesterday morning. On the
steps were gathered a half-dozen children
belonging in that neighborhood, ranging
in ae from five to twelve years, who
cautiously inquired if the serpent was
likely to" harm them. They were told
that "no harm would befall them, and so
the little ones entered. No sooner had
the door closed when another tug at the
bell informed Mr. Lienhardt that more
callers were awaiting to be admitted to
satisfy their curiosity. This time tho
visitors proved to be adults, and
so a steady stream of men, women
and children kept up all day, much to
the discomfort of the obliging owner of
the thing which many had come for
squares around to see. Entering the
hall the spectators beheld a petrified
snake twelve feet long and twenty
inches in circumference, weighing over
375 pounib.
It was found a month ago imbedded
in a coal vein in one of the mines of tho
Leonard Coal Company in Center Coun
ty, Pennsylvania. The miner who ran
across the remarkable specimen of
petrifaction many hundred feet beneath
the earth's surface was thunderstruck
at the discover', and experienced some
thing like a cold chill down his back for
tho first few moments after his pick had
brought to light the serpent's head. He
called his comrades, and they aided him
in digging it out. It had to be cut into
sixteen sections before it could be gotten
out of the vein. The snake was exhib
ited for several days in a hut near the
mine, and people for miles around
flocked to the place to see the strange
thing, the like of which, it was said, had
never before been seen in those parts.
An officer of the Leonard Coal Com
pany obtained possession of it, and had
it on private exhibition for several days
at his office. No. 207 Walnut place. He
soon became tired of the rush, which
included brokers and business men, to
his office to get a glimpse of the petrified
snake, so he presented it to its present
owner. The latter has also been run
down by visitors, but his love for curios
ities is so great that he would sooner
put up with annoyance than part with his
The snake is of a dark lead color. Its
head, body and tail are wonderfully
well preserved, the outlines being quite
distinct. It is somewhat flattened on
top, and through the center of the body
is a ridge an inch in depth.
A well-informed naturalist, connected
with the Academy of Natural Sciences,
examined the thing for two hours on
Saturday last. He said it was the best
petrified" specimen he eer saw, and he
claims to be well up in that line. The
ridge he explained as being due to the
wasting away of a portion of the entrails
and undigested food previous to the
time when petrifaction set in. He
claims that the snake was fully six
thousand years old, and belonged to a
species now found in certain portions of
Africa. Philadelphia Record.
Phosphorescent Linestone.
A curious natural product has recent
ly been found in Utah, near Salt Lake
City. It is a loose-grained, white, crys
talline limestone, the grains of which
are but slightly coherent, giving the
rock the appearance of a soft sand
stone. Portions of the rock are colored
slightly yellow by oxide of iron. Its
phosphorescent properties are very re
markable, entitling it to rank as a new
variety of limestone. It was long ago
noticetl by Becquerel that some lime
stones were slightly phosphorescent,
but, so far as known," no other limestone
possesses this property in a degree at
all approaching that now described, the
phosphorescence of which is nearly.as
strong as that of fluor spar. Phosphor
escence is developed when the rock is
cither struck, scratched or heated.
Upon using metal, glass or any other
hard substance to strike or to scratch it,
red light is emitted, which continues
sometimes for several seconds after the
blow. Rubbing with other fragments
or grinding in a mortar developed a
white light. The most remarkable
phosphorescence is developed by heat
ing a fragment of tbe limestone in a
glas3 tube over a flame. It then glows
with a deep red light, which lasts for a
minute or more after withdrawing the
flame. The color of the light emitted
resembles that of a red-hot body. Seve
ral seconds before dying out the light
becomes white or bluish-white. Upon
cooling and subsequent heating, phos
phorescence is again developed in the
same fragment, but more feebly and for
a shorter period, and after two or three
such heatings its phosphorescence is de
stroyed. N.Y. Observer.
A Penobscot (Me.,) lumberman
says he and another man picked 2,700
pounds of spruce gum in three days
last winter, only taking what they could
reach from the ground,
A large college is to be erected at
Rugby, Tenn., Thomas Hughes having
conceived the idea while on a recent vis
it to that place.
The Episcopal General Convention
at its last session elected as Bishop of
Shanghai Rev. Dr. George Worthington,
of St. John's Church, Detroit.
The latest text used by Rev. Dr.
E. E. Hale is: "For if a man thinketh
himself to bo something when he is
nothing, he dece'.veth himself." CAi'co
q Journal.
Citizens of Boston have subscribed
$250,000 as a permanent fund for the
Massachusetts Institute of Technolo
gy the incomo only to be used. Boston
A young Danish Count, traveling
through India, has become so much
impressed with the need of religious
work there that ho has become a mis
sionary himself.
The oldest school-teacher in New
Haven. Conn., is Sarah Wilson, a ne
gress seventy-seven years old, who has
been teaching for "sixty years. Her
father was bom a slave in New Haven,
but bought his freedom. Mrs. Wilson
has a good education. Hartford Post.
The Chicago Evenvvj Journal
counts the Kindergarten ami the Manual
Training School tho most important ad
ditions made to our educational institu
tions during this century. The tinio
will come, it predicts, when a training
in both will be deemed an essential part
of every child's education. Wc are in
clined to accept the prediction. N. Y.
"Don't you have any schools here?"
" Had a kind of a school here last sea
son, but the teacher was too willing."
"How so?" "Oh, some of the trustees
asked him if he taught that the world
was round or square, and he said, secin
he was out of a job, he'd teach her
round or square just as the School
Board wanted it teached. Said it wat
immaterial." Boston Post.
Chicago has been chosen as the
next place of meeting of the General
Convention of Episcopalians of tho
United States. At the meeting yester
day it was reported that in the last fifty
years the Episcopal Church in this
country had more than doubled the
number of its diocese and iucreased
the number of clergy fivefold and of
communicants tenfold. Chicago Trib
une. Sixty-one thousand five hundred
and fifty-seven dollars! That is the cou
tributio'n to benevolent objects mudu in
one year by Plymouth Church, Minne-apoli-,
in addition to carrying on its
own great work. Not in Boston, or
New 1 ork, or in any of our great cit'es
has any church equaled it so far as re
ported. A few years since this
Plymouth Church was a Home Mission
station. Baptist IWekly.
A writer who describes the Indian
schools in Albuquerque, and who sa3
that additional buildings are to he
erected, aJds: "The experiments in
Carlisle, Pa., and in Hampton, la., have
demonstrated the wiloni of establish
ing schools for Indian youth. It is
found that, aside from philanthropic
consideration?, schools in wh'ch the
head and the hand are trained are nioro
economical and more thorough than any
method hitherto devised for civilizing
the Indian."
filass Eyes.
Passing a sign in the narrow door
way reading "Glass Eyes inserted,"
and going up a steep Uight of stairs,
the reporter and his companion found
themselves in the parlor of the im
porter. "Yes, I import all my human eyes,"
said he, "and s -11 them at a uniform
firice of ten dollars each. There is a
arger sale for them than you m'ght
think. The' are merely sheils made to
fit over the face of the eye-ball, as you
He took a brown-irNed eye out of iLs
padded case and handed it over for in
spection. It was simply a shell of glass,
with perfectly smooth edges, shaped to
cover the eye-ball from muscle to mus
cle. The "iris, pupil and vein3 that
traverse the white of the eye were deli
cately painted in exact imitation of a
natural orb.
"The shell, at first," remarked tho
importer, "is a concave bit of pure
crvstal. It is then passed to the painter,
wfio colors it on the inside, and thenco
it goes to be fired. A small particle of
glaze is placed in the hollow, upon the
painting, and when the firing is com
plete the colors are fixed between two
plates of class, as it were. Unless
broken, through carelessness, the glass
eye will keep its color and usefulness
or ten years or more."
"Is there any difficulty in inserting
"None at all.
Stand right still for a
Slightly turning back the reporter's
upper eyelid, the artist inserted tho
upper edge of one of the shells; ho
moved it sidewise and upward with a
dexterous motion of his lingers and
then, with a little click, it .settled into
place, completely covering the eye-ball
and of course blinding the eye for tho
time being. Beyond a slight feeling of
fullness, which it was declared would
soon wear away, there was no pain or
discomfort noticeable.
"We have quite as many gentlemen
as lady customers' came "the response
to a question.
"When it is possible to cover so
prominent a disfigurement as au injured
eye, there is no question that duty to
the public demands the wearing of
these shells. They are not painful
or injurious. There in no danger of
their falling out, as the muscles of tho
eye keep them in place, and when
their durability is considered it
will be seen that they are very cheap.
" Yes: sometimes it is difficult to get
a perfect match for a good eye. The
size of the iris, the size of the pupil, tho
veins and color of the white, as well as
the size of the shell and color of the
iris, must be matched exactly."
"Thoy are to be taken out at night,
like a set of false teeth. I suppose?
"Of course, of course; otherwise an
awkward accident might happen
Now. here is an eye that does not need
to be taken out from one year's end to
the other."
He handed over a solid crystal, with
a six-inch wire inserted in the undef
side. The coloring was not so delicate
as in the shells, and the entire work
manship was inferior.
"That is a home-made eye. It wa'
manufactured to order for an amateur
taxidermist, who means to insert it in
the head of a ca which he is stuffing
for an old lady on Seventh street. This
is a very fertile branch of our business,
as we sell a great many more of thcy--than
of the human crystals. Thaf
is, ot course, much lower-
with the number

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