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WEDNESDAY, JAN. 9, 1884. Istcrtl it tio P::t:2:s, Cdssta. Hot., is hksI cUs s&tt:r. IN A LONG ISLAND RAILWAY STATION. Unto the ticket-seller's place A stranger man did go. And said, while mopping off his face: "A ticket to Haughpaugh." Behind him stood a cockney vain. Who queried; "Could you aw Inform a fellah if this train Ib going to 'Aughpaugh?" Impatient at his elbow scowled A man of manner rough. Who passed his money up and growled; "One ticket to Haughpaugh.' "It is," a bilious man doth whine, "A swindle and a gouge To chargo a man $1.09 For riding to Haughpaugh." "Thank Heaven." cried a man, 'Tve got My wife and children off To spend the summer in a 6pot Ten miles beyond Haughpaugh r The traveling fool, oft snubbed in vaint "Puts In his question now: "Please tell me when the 10:10 train la going to Haughpaugh?" Last came a tardy man in view. And through the crowd did dodge. Loud yelling, as the whistle blew: "A ticket to Haughpaugh !" Barpar'M Bazar. CHINESE JUSTICE. Bow Culprit are Dealt WltM by the "Mixed Court'' at Shanghai-Scene at the Flosclas of Offenders. In that part of the native town of Shanghai which lies beyond the city walls, and is under foreign jurisdiction, there is a curious-shaped range of build ings called the "mixed court." -Here cases affecting disputes between Euro peans and Chinamen are tried, a Man darin named Chen presiding, while " a representative of the Consulate to which the European whose case is being de cided .belongs sits as assessor. The "mixed court" proper consists of a single room, not unlike an English Magistrate's court in London; but it is only one of a series of chambers all duly arranged for the promotion of vir tue and the discouragement of vice. Some of these take the form of large wooden cages, in which prisoners are confined others, again, are reception rooms for Mr. Chen. But the most im portant place of .all is the native hall of justice where Chen sits in the potential ity of his glory to try Chinese prisoners. This hall is covered in by a sort of tiled canopy, the gable ends of which are turned up in approved Chinese style. On three sides it is shut in by walls; the fourth, or front side, opens into a large yard facing tlie doors of the prison cages. The scat of justice is vermilion a sort of throne, with a table in front. On this table rests simply an inkstand and a bronze imiUttion of a human hand, whereon repose the pens with which Mr. Chen signs his sentences. Behind the chair are ranged a large number of vermilion-painted boards or stands, these boards beiug covered with hieroglyphics detailing the virtues of the Mandarin. That representative of law occasionally gives more than ordi dinary satisfaction to people who come before him. They go away pleased, and at once extol his goodness on a vermilion board which they send him. This board Mr. Chen at once puts in the rack behind his chair; it is a testi monial to his worth, it can be seen by all who come before him, and it can be carried out in his procession whenever he goes through the town in state. Said an American friend who accompanied me as he saw these: "These boards must be very consoling to disappointed suitors; they show that if justice is not around just now it has been at some time or other, anyhow." Our introduction to Mr. Chen found us in the presence of a little old man who could speak nothing but Chinese. Chen was polite, but firm on one point. He could not execute justice, he said, by daylight. Try prisoners he could, even in the early morn; somebodv said he had once disposed of three hundred culprits in a single morning. But the carrying out of his sentences was a very different thing, and. if we would see the arm of Justice really at work, we must come a ittle later. So we returned when even ing had set in and the candles were lighted. Then Mr. Chen felt he cculd begin. He almost apologized for the paucity of criminals, when at last he prepared to take his scat. Buthe hinted that those he was about to deal with might make up for many more, for they were parlous rogues and deservnig of many stripes which he proposed to give them Then making a signal, he led the waj into his reception hall to the judgment scat preceded by a gentleman with a tremendous gong, two gigantic fellows with high red cone caps, two men each armed with split bamboos, and two men each bearing cangues large square pieces of board with a neck hole in the center. Bang went the gong. "Ay!" cried out the hctors. "Ay!" shouted the people who were gathered in he hall; and thus went Mr. Chen to execute justice. I now saw that on a form near the prison doors sat a ragged and miserable crew, apparently waiting for something more or less doleful. They alone of" all persons in the yard shouted not. They had some shouting to do later on, and perhaps were reserv ing their powers. One, in fact, very shortly received good reason to shout "Chang Huen!" said the Magistrate. "Chang Huen!" echoed the lictors; and forthwith the wretched owner of the name was seized by the pigtail and hur ried up to the vermilion table. Down he went on his knees, but all to no pur pose. "One hundred blows," ejaculated Mr. Chen, looking at his judicial notes, and forthwith the culprit was seized by the two men with the conical caps, pulled a little way along the stones in front of the table to a point where the Mandarin could get a good view of him, and then flung ou his face, his arms being twisted over his head by one lietor, while he was divested of a portion of his clothing. Chan Huen evidently understood what was to follow, and he howled piteously. But howling did not save him, for so soon as the two lictors had got him into propar position and had knelt on him, one of the men with bamboos came up, and, squatting down on the ground, began to strike him on the inner part of the naked thighs, counting the blows as they fell. At first sight, despite Chang Huen's noise, I thought the punishment was very light, but 1 saw soon afterward that the" skin was already black, and the first twenty-five strokes had left a band of color quite six inches broad. Execu tioner No. 2 now came up and laid on another twenty-live, then his comrade had another turn, and lastly he finished his fifty. It will perhaps be thought that the injury thus inflicted would be Bevere. But the skin was not broken, and I should say that the bruises would heal in a week" or ten days at most Garroters in England, flogged as they are on the bony back and shoulder blades, are apparently hurt much more, though I was told that the beating without breaking the skin was much more painful than it looked. Chang Huen, however, had very few to pity him; he was evidently either a very bad or a very impecunious man, for no Sooner was the beating over than he was roughly seized once more by the pigtail and hauled along over the yard to the prison with great rapidity, he screech ing; loudly all the while. Far more fortunate was a culprit who followed him, and who as he was thrown down 03- the lictors, put out two fingers in such away that the execu tioners could see them plainly. "What does that mean?" I asked of theMagis InU'i UUrpreter. "Ha wn he gfo tire dollars, if not spoilee too much with bamboo," was the mysterious re ply. "But surely," said I, "he can notbribeinsoopen a wav, under the very nose of the Mandarin?" "Yes," saia the interpreter, "everybody know. More better man givee two dollars." He was certainly speaking the truth; this gentleman, culprit ko. 2, got off lightlv. His bruises were small, his pigtail was not pulled, he made plenty of noise, had gone at any rale through the semblance of a severe punishment, and had lost two dollars which to him was no doubt a painful event. Possi bly the Mandarin looked upon the mon etary transaction in the light of a fine by which his underlings benefited. So the punishments went on. "When men had to receive fifty stripes only one ex ecutioner wielded the bamboo; when one hundred had to be inflicted tbay were laid on iu the way I have already described. Those who put out their fin gers got off lightly, those who did not experienced the majesty of the law in a very thorough fashion. Then, the beatings being over, several men were brought up and cangupd, the square hoards being opened, their heads thrust through, the boards nailed up, pieces of paper detailing the sentence pastel on t.hn fnn find tlift wcirnrs of this vcrv inelegant species of necktie bundled into the prison. As each sentence was fosiipfl- nil t.hi; unilfirstranuers of the court and the spectators called out "Ap!" in commendation, no uoum, oi thi Mandarin's sa-acitv. the crowd. .mm(.?Sw .t in onrl trnmnn Innkintr on with evident satisfaclion at oth the bambooing and canguing. lib. a hriftf hp-nrimr of a ouarrel uetween a man and a woman, in which the ns.n was adjudged the aggressor and si lenced to be locked up, Mr. Chen now vacated the seat of justice, -and tlo crowd dispersed; the executioners went to look after the dollars that had been promised them, and which, bj' the way, I heard, are always paid prompt ly and we departed, much edified by the spectacle of the way in which jus tice in China disports herself. wr. London Tcleqraph. The Engineer. The railway engineer leads proYioly the most hazardous, and in that sense romantic, life of American civilization. He is always a brave man none "other could be an engineer. He must be a sober, punctual, cool-headed man none other could hold his post. The engineer and his adventures is the ' constant source of an endless variety of thrlfiing or amusing stories. It is even said that among the delegates to this Buffalo Con vention is the cautious engineer who side-tracked the express train one clear evening, and waited for half an hour for the wud-cat whose headlight he saw unexpectedly-bearing down on him to Sass. He learned in good time; and is crew never let him forget that the planet Venus, on the horizon at the ap parent end of his track, wasn't u wild cat Oh, yes, the boys tell many a story on the brave engineer. Only the other day a newspaper correspondent, who evi dently had been punished for his fresh ness by a joking engineer, wrote rt fol lows: "If the waiter is slow with his crder the engineer improves his time b.f put ting an extra cock-roach in the uoffce of the party next to him, or make Sonva remark to himself, but loud eirough for every one to hear it: 'Wonder if there is another dead mouse in the prunes to-night;' and when the waiter brings his order and fires it at him as though it was shot from a catapult, he calmly gathers them in shape and asks the waiter if he can't pass some pigs feet without 'corns' on, or makes ncjne remark about the butter being strong enough to take eighteen loads up the hill, and says the beefsteak would make good packing for his engine, and finally asks for halt a dozen of the biscuits to use for track torpedoes. Having an even valve motion to his jaws, he manages to fill his tank, and then asks the conductor he is in with for a quarter, as he left his pocket book at home on the piano. While waiting at stations he is always willing to tell the grangers, who invariably nnncrrpomtn tn lnnk at an nntrino. all they ask about it. He tells them that the big lever is to shake the grates, the throttle is to open the dampers, that the steam-gauge is the patent clock, that the cylinders are only for ornament, and that the conductor starts the train by pulling the rope. Yes, he has been in hundreds of accidents, had his en gine blow up and kill everybody within six miles, and that the boiler was liable to burst at any moment, and when he has got them worked up. he suddenly gives a shrill shriek on the whistle while the fireman turns some business which lets out steam with a rush, and yells, 'She's going to bust!' and as the fright ened listeners fall over each other in their efforts to get out of the danger, he and the fireman fall back on their seats and lose fifteen minutes on their run ning time in laughing. "There is nothing more conducive to sociability when traveling, when you are tired of riding and stand up to stretch and yawn, than to have the en gineer put on the air-brakes full force and fire us over three seats into the arms of a young lady we had not courage enough to llirt with before. It rather brakes the ice as it were to an introduction and better acquaintance; such negligence is excusable, but there should be a law to punish the engineer that brings the train up to a standstill just as the old lady from the country opens her lunch basket and the sudden stop fires a whole custard pie down our shirt front when we expected to get off at the next station, where our girl is waiting to receive us. The engineer is often made a hero of in prose and poetry, Beaded 'Died at His Post' All honor to the faithful that have, but it is more logical to suppose that when he has reversed his engine and put it in the back motion and done all he could to avert-thc collision, he jumps; it don't help him any to be made hash of, even if he does get a piece of poetry for it Were the truth known, in nine cases out of ten the engineer that dies at his post after reversing his engine is panuyzed with fright and cannot jump." Buffalo Express. Couldn't Be Expected to. Two ladies entered a Fort street-car one day recently and took seats beside a lady well known to one of them. She gave her friend an introduction, and directly this one remarked: "I think I saw j-ou at the Street Church one Sunday, several weeks ago." "Yes." "You seemed to be as much disgusted with the sermon as I was, for I saw that yon were terribly uneasy." "Yes," again." "Did you ever hear a worse preacher in all your life?" "Well, perhaps." "I never did, and I haven't been there 6ince." The conversation then rattled off on some other subject, and by and by the two ladies got off. . "I wonder why she didn't agree with me about that preacher?" queried the one who had blasted him." "Why, how could j-ou expect her to? She's that very minister's wife!" De troit Free Press. Many a man begins life .by think ing he can convert iron into gold, and ends by finding out to his sorrow that all his gold has become iron. N. T. Herald. Twenty-seven acres devoted torn crop of cabbages near Rochester, V. Y. jfcUed the famar $5,400. A Doctor Ameng the MoBgels. When a foreign missionary, speaking Mongolian and carrying a medicine chest appears on any part of the plain, the news spreads far and wide. The story, too, gathers as it rolls, and in a few days he is credited with the most extraordinary powers of healing, the exaggerated stories about his abilities being equaled by the exaggerated stories of the virtues of the medicines and appliances. It is in vain that the missionary insists that he has come not merely to heal, but to teach Christian ity. Christianity they can do without; tney don't feel the need of it They are eager to get rid of their pains and acEes. They apply to the missionary in his capacity of doctor, they talk of him as a doctor, and the real truth of the matter is that they want him only in o far as he is a doctor. In the case of some places where Mongols are numer ous, such as at populous temples, Gov ernment gatherings and religious festi vals, the number of patients that pre sent themselves in one day is so -great that while attending them very little religious instruction can be imparted. Some of them have come a long way and can ill spare time, and are in a hurry to get home again; some of them have run out in the interval between eervices, and must be back in time; some of them have waited long and pa tiently, or impatiently, as the case may be, while earlier comers were being treated, and are eager to be attended to when their turn comes, and in these cases the missionary is in danger of being swamped in the doctor. But the reception accorded to the missionary is not the same in all places. In most cases when a locality is visited for the first time there is a great crowd of people eager to be patients; but as a great proportion of them have diseases which are incurable, they soon learn tfiat the report that the foreigner can irure everything is not true, and, finding he can. do little or nothing for them, they gradually drop off. The second lime the place is visited matters mend a little, and by the third visit the people's Ideas have become pretty correct,- and for the most part only such cases as can be helped are pressed upon his atten tion. For a man who carries medicines and can cure a few diseases, and who lays himself out patiently and attentively to benefit, his patients, for one especially who cleans and attends to neglected, loathsome sores on dirty unwashed per sons, showing the same' attention to the boor as to the rich for such an one the Mongol admiration is unbounded. It is long before they can convince them selves that money or recompense is not wanted, and if they could only believe that these things were done, as they profess to be, for nothing else but for Christ's sake, those who sawthem woald be doubtless inclined to think highly of a religion which produced such fruits. But, in the opinion of the Mongols', it is too good to be true; they cannot believe It. That men should be sent out from distant lands, fitted out with traveling appliances and furnished with medi cines; and go about ready and willing to cure and heal, and want no money for it, no reward of any kind a Mon gol's faith staggers at that. Explain to him the religious sanction and motive for it all; the theory of such a thing he could understand, but in practice it staggers him. If he read it in his sacred books as a thing related of old Buddhist saints, who lived in distant countries and in old times; he would accept it; but to see it with his own eyes, in this his own time ariS in his own country that is too much for his faith; so he sets himself to invent a reason. If he is near China, or if himself or friends have had much intercourse with China, he per haps has heard the stories of foreigners digging out people's eyes to make pho tographic chemicals, or perhaps he has heard of the operation of couching for cataract, perhaps he has seen it per formed; and though he himself may know and believe that it is all right, the friends and neighbors who did not see the operation, but only heard his report, find in it plenty to confirm their suspi cions. Very great care is needed if a Mongol missionary wishes to avoid giv ing rise to rumors among the Mongols which will prove prejudicial to his in fluence and work. "Among the Mon gols." Affrighted Beasts. No one as yet has ever seen such a sight as a zoological collection burnt not, at anj- rate, since the Koman ampi theater, with its reserves of ferocious beasts, was destroyed by fire; and the behavior of the various animals under such an experience of hideous novelty must, therefore, be certainly conjectural. When Wombwell's once caught fire, the monkeys, getting loose, proceeded to plunder the ginger-bread stall within the tent, and, regardless of the flames which, by the way, roasted only a cock atoo stuffed their cheek-pouches so full of the seductive confection that they were seen going about on three arms and holding the contents of their mouths in with the fourth. When Barnum's or what is still called by that dollar-alluring name was in flames at Chicago, Jumbo the illustrious carried his own bulky person safely beyond the reach of the conflagration, and thence surveyed its progress with the utmost serenity. But there is a vast gulf between the volatile ape and the deliberate behemoth, and from the diversity of character which distinguishes the intermediate species of animals, it is possible that the study of them under circumstances of such ex ceptional dismay would result in some curious observations. It is difficult to believe that the phlegmatic, philosophi cal bear would comport himself in the same manner as the frivolous baboon, or that no difference would be apparent between the demeanors of the supercili ous, lazy camel and the lively, excitable kangaroo. That serpents would display any of their proverbial indifference to the excessive heat is as unlikely as that the salamander would sustain the repu tation of its traditions. The smaller creatures would doubtless abandon themselves to cremation without further opposition, but it is hardly credible that the more powerful or sagacious would not make some effort at self-preservation. Even in the Zoological gar dens, hopeless of conflict with their bars as they must have become long ago, the lions will sometimes excite themselves and their neighbors into paroxysms of activity at some sight or sound that stirs the old forest blood in their veins, and makes them forget for the instant the bonds that are on them. Under such a sudden and startling revelation as their cages surrounded by flames,' it is easy to understand that the characters of the different animals would be vividly displayed. Every type of beast would immediately betray itself, and in the combined tumult of voices comparable only to the mid night sound of "the Libyan wilderness, with all its lions up" would be heard every gradation of passion, from the furious protest of the strong to the pa thetic entreaty of the weak. Nor, as having something of the grotesque in it, would the result be uninteresting if the proprietor, to save his animals, or to spare their torture, were to do what Mr. Wombwell's predecessor said he would do if a fire broke out, and set the caged things loose to run for their lives. Now and again it has happened that I Che residents of peaceful neighborhoods have been perplexed, or even alarmed, by the apparition of a beast of prey, African or Asiatic, quietly prowling along a public thoroughfare, like a tcunst from foreign parts, or concealed in a private garden, like some burglar disturbed in his avocation. What, how- it mch an lumauu vwtaaom compared with the possluilities of a whole menagerie turned out upon such a populous city as'Manchester rhinoce roses in the churches, bears in the town hall, and alligators in the railway waiting-rooms? So that, whether we consider the escape of the Baldwin me nagerie from fire, or the alternative of their escape from their cages, the result still remains one for congratulation; and ?ven at the price of losing the transparency of the gallant admiral, Manchester" may be considered very fortunate in tlie preservation of its popular gardens and the security of it? birds and beasts. London Telegraph. Filial Devotion of a Bird. We have a saying that charity begins at home, and it 'has been added that a great deal of the charity that begins at home stays there, Of this narrow sort of benevolence, too, we find examples among the animals. There is the bar bet for instance. It is a solitary bird, and sits most of the time in morose silence on a twig, waiting for its food (in tlie shape of an insect) to fly by. Sometimes it is said to rouse itself and make a descent upon the nest of some smaller bird and eat all the little ones. Certainly, one would not look for any sort of benevolence from such a bird; and yet it offers a very striking and beautiful example of the begin-at-home-and-stay-there kind. The celebrated naturalist, Levaillant, who has told so many -nteresting things about the birds of 'Africa and South America, says that he discovered a bar bet's nest in which there were five birds. Four of them were youu- and vigor ous, but the fifth was so old and weak that when it was put into a cage with its comrades it could not move, but lay dying m the corner where it had been placed. When food was put into the cage the poor old bird could only look at it long ingly.' without having the strength to drag itself within reach of it Then it was that the younger birds manifested a singular spirit of kindness. Quickly, and even with an air of tenderness, as it seems, they carried food to the decrepit old bird, and fed it as if it had been only a fledgling. Struck by this spec tacle, the naturalist examined the nest from which the birds had been taken, and found it was full of husks and the remains of insects, showing plainly that the old bird must have been maintained a long time by its vigorous companions, which probably were its own offspring. Further study of other bints of thesams species convinced the naturalist that it was the custom for the old and infirm birds to be cared for by the young and strong. There are several different species of barbets found in Africa and South America, and though not graceful in shape, many of them are exceedingly beautiful in plumage. They get their name of barbet from the French word barbe, meaning beard, because they have tufts of stiff hair at the base of the bill. Naturalists place them in a genus called Bucco, and some persons call them puff-birds, because they have an odd way of puffing out the feathers all over the body, which then looks more like a bale of feathers than a bird. Will Woodman, in St. Nicholas. . An Eccentric Editor. The late Charles Hazewell, of the Boston Traveller, was one of the most curious ornaments the journalism of this country ever had. His memory was prodigious. In matters of American history many fine critics placed him above Bancroft as an authority. In his library at Revere, some eight miles from Boston, he had a choice collection of rare books to the number of five thousand, and knew them as a mother knows her child. He could repeat the "Scarlet Letter" word for word, from lid to lid. But his greatest feat of memory was to repeat the sovereigns of England from the old Danish days to Victoria, giving the number of children each had, the dates of their birth and death, and the entire collateral connec tions. What is the sense of blowing Macauley up to the skies because he was able to call off the Popes of Rome and the Archbishops of Canterbury in their historical order when our native institutions have produced this greater miracle in Hazewell? With all his irritability of temper, the old gentleman was as tender-hearted as a woman. (He knew his strength, and in the line of his duties had one inflexible ride. If the editor didn't want his matter he could topple it over into the waste-basket, but if he dared to change a word he did so at the peril of his life. His great work was to write a review of the week, which always appeared on Saturday and gave the Traveller a reputation for rains which it has now lost probably forever. The way Hazewell would jug gle his facts and dates and historic precedents was. wonderful to behold. His bump of reverence was alarmingly small. He was, perhaps, the most gifted and orginal artist in profanity ever bred under this great republican form of government, and could compete in this accomplishment with the Red headed Ranger of the Rio Grande, other wise known as Tom Ochiltree. In his last hours he turned to his son and said: "Edward, bury me not deep in some crowded church-yard, but near the ground's surface" in Christ's green pastures, where my remains can fertilize and fructify when my brain is gone." .V. Y. World. m A Cat That Prefers EleTators. The Tribune elevator car had started on its upward trip last evening, and the elevator boy was gazing upward into its furthest corner, evidently lost in reverie. Presently there came a distinct call in the shape of a plaintive "Maouw." The elevator boy checked his car forthwith on a level with the floor whence the sound came. There was no one to be seen, and the smallest boy would have been visible. "Going up?" asked the elevator boy. "Maouw, maouw!" was repeated. The elevator boy slid open the door and a gray cat walked demurely in, sprang upon the seat and began licking her paws until two floors had been passed, when she uttered another cry and sprang down before the doorway. The car stopped,' the door was opened, and Tabby passed out "Is she a regular passenger?" was asked. "Is she?" said the elevator boy. "Of course she is. She lives in the building, she does. She never walks up or down stairs 'cept on Sunday, when the ele vator ain't a running in front If it's evening she uses the back elevator." "Where is she going now?" "She's jest dropping in to see a friend of hers. He's a lawyer, and he often stays late to write, and she goes in and sits on the table and watches him, and he gives her a bit of something to eat In Fbout an hour, before my time's up, she'll come back to go to the top floor. Mebbe she'll stop a little in the editorial rooms; then she goes up to the restau rant. She always gets there about twelve o'clock, when the printers get their lunch. They all know her." "Sometimes," ne added, "she site down in the car and keeps me company for a while. She ain't any bother. She knows how to behave herself a great deal batter than some of them lawyers and sharp chaps who are always asking a feller whether he's going to get mar ried, and how's his girl. She goes all around down-town by herself, she does. The other morning one of the fellows saw her down in Fulton Market She knew him and came up and rubbed against his legs 'top floor here, etr, if you wantto get out "-N. F. Tri&m. FAlOI AND HOUSEHOLD. Ex-Governor Furncss, of Nebraska, recommends the Russian mulberry for hedges. A piece of matting neatly tacked down by an outside door will protect the carpet, and will require less care than a piece of oil cloth. A correspondent of the Country Gentleman reports a new enemy to the potato in- the shape of a weevil which preys upon the stalk, entering it near the ground, consuming the pith and causing the stalk to dry up and die. The editor advises burning the affected vines and rootsr as soon as the insect's work is noticed. Do nojt keep cattle too long on tlie aftermath; it may be well to feed it a little to prevent the falling of too heavy a growth, which may smother out clover and some of the liner grasses it is equally dangereus to allow the animals to gnaw it so closely as to leave the roots bare and exposed to the frosts of winter. Prairie Farmer. Soft gingerbread, if eaten while fresh and warm, may well take the place of more expensive cake. One egg, one cup of molasses, one third of a cup of melted butter, one half cup of sweet milk, one teaspoonful of soda, one teaspoonful of ginger, two and one half cups flour and a little salt; dissolve the soda in a very little hot water. Bake iu buttered tin. Chicago Journal. Mutton pie makes a welcome dish for the children's dinner; cold roast or boiled mutton should be used for this purpose. Trim off nearly all the fat. cut the lean meat in small pieces and put them in a pudding-dish; if you have any gravy or stock pour that over them; put in a little butter, and season with pepper and salt and a little parsley chopped fine; cover the top with a thick paste made just as you niako baking powder ,.buscuit;- brown nicely in the oven. N. Y. Post. Apples should be very carefully picked and handled, whether infcnduH for home use or for market When packed in barrels, they should be allowed to stand open for a few days to "sweat" and dry oil'. After heading up the barrels should be set in a cool place until read' to be sold or stored in the cellar. It is an excellent plan to line the barrels, before packing, with brown paper, or newspapers; this will often save them from freezing when on the way to market Mechanical Science. It mar be that to the end of time man kind must earn their bread by the sweat of their brow. All the same, it seems as if mechanical inventions will eventually make existence easier all round, and save the human machine from the most distressing and life-shortening results of wear and tear. Our first parents made themselves aprons of fig leaves, clearly demonstrating by Holy Writ that primitive sewing was the initial in dustry, and that every other form of oc cupation is less ancient than that of tail oring or dress making. As "Adam delved and Eve span," so countless gen erations of ladies and gentlemen of the highest antediluvian antiquity got their bread and made their clothes. Hence manual labor became honorable, as, judging by the signs of the times, it may again become, and that at no dis tant date. The interesting correspond ence which we publish from day to day, bewailing the curse of a hapless gentil ity, points to a change in public opinion with regard to the honorability of hard work. People are beginning to recog nize that the genteel callings are over crowded, and that it is better to teach their bojs a trade by which they may earn a respectable livelihood, than suffer them to starve as clergymen, lawyers, and scribes, unattached. Alexander Pope very neatly formulated the trouble of the age in our great-great-grandfathers' days: "Honor and shame from no condition rise; act well your part, there all the honor lies." Probably the greatest disability of mechanical em ployments rests on the conventional ob jection to dirty hands. Genteel folk, more or less remotely connected with county families, will not readily consent to their sons stepping down to the artisan platform. But is it not possible to raise that platform to a higher level? The dignity of a calling does not make itself; it is made by those who practice it. Amateur turners aud carpenters, engineers, farmers, and gardeners abound, and a gentleman is not less gentle because he amuses his leisure with the lathe, the tool-chest, the succession of crops, or the occupa tion of removing flies from a rosebush. Sir Walter Scott wished all his readers "clean hands, clear head, and patriotic heart, like Pitt." Science will make his desire apply practically and to every calling. Very soon the wheels of labor, and the work of the world will go by machinery. Men will have fewer and fewer mean tasks to perform, and pre sumably no one will be too proud to mind a machine. After all, it is not so long ago since clerkly skill was beneath the dignity of a born aristocrat, when carls and knights signed their names to deeds of settlement with the hut-end of a dagger, or a conventional, symbolic cross. Grand folk who lived uncomfort able in huge drafty castles, dressed magnificently, aud were as proud ol their gentility as proud could be, looked on school learning with open contempt Folks of this generation have gone to the other extreme. School learning and scholarly refinement can not be overestimated, so long as they do not help to pauperize the educated classes; but it is a mistake to assume that a well stocked memory and gentle manners are incompatible with mechanical employments. Such inventions as that of the improved sewing machine in a measure go to prove the contrary. The management and conduct of machinery, while it neither hardens nor necessarily begrimes the hands of the operator, leaves the intellect free play for reflec tion and affords leisure for self-improvement It will be strange, indeed, should the spread of mechanical science, which has too long suffered under the imputation of degrading sentient skill below the mindless craft of machinery not in the end help to ennoble anr dignify manual labor. London Tele graph. Bedding for Animals. The farmer who takes pains to "make up the bed" for his cow or horse gains ten times more than the cost of the labor of so doing. If all material is passed through the cutter previous to being used for bedding it uot only adds to the comfort of the animal, but assists in the matter of cleanliness by reason of its greater power of absorption. For this reason sawdust is becoming a lavor ite, as its fineness not only admits of 'its being handled easilv, well spread in the stall, and removed, but, after having absorbed the liquid flows of the stall, still readily mixes with the matter in the manure heap. The merit of sawdust is due to its fineness and to its absorptive quality. If any bedding is plentiful, fine, and absorptive, it prevents loss ol manure by intimately mixing with it, and as the droppings are more readily incorporated with a greater mass of ab sorbent material the risk of evaporation and escape of gases is lessened. Now, if the labor of cutting is to be taken into the account, it is more than balanced by facility in spreading the fine manure when it is hauled to the field. The cut ting can be done in winter or during wet days, and it is a luxury to spread nice, finely-divided manure. Good, fine, clean bedding adds to the thrift and health of the animals, is cooler In sum mer and warmer in winter, and those who use it (revest such 'ou.Prairi Farmer PERSONAL AM) LITERARY. The King of Cambodia, formerly Province of Siam, has conferred the o-der of General on John A Haider man, United States Minister to Siam. F. V. Greene is the youngest Cap tain of Engineers in the United States my. Ha s known in literature by his clever writings on military subjects. Josh Billings was born in Lanes boro, N. H., and he has directed hia children to bury him there and mark his grave with a rough stone from a quarry hard by. Cornelius Vanderbilt ha? a taste for book collecting, and paid one. thou sand dollars for a copy of "Elliot's In dian Bible," which the old Commodore would consider a ridiculous waste of money, N. Y. Graphic. Miss Ida Ward, the English actress, has come over to stay. During a form er visit she conceived so stro.ig a liking for America, the people and their ways of living, that she has coma to go back no more. Chiiagn Journal. Henry Labouc:ere, the editor of London Trulh, never writes at night, not being a believer in the midnight oil as applied to the journalistic machine. His working hours ate from ten in the morning till three n tlie afternoon, aft er which comes recreation. Among the Citizens of this republic there is at least one undoubted child of royally in the person of Rev. William J. "Harnett, pastor of ,the Shiloh (col ored) Baptist Church, Williamsport. Pa. Us. is the sou of a once powerful A.rican King, Dumba by name. N. Y. Herald. Josiah Hinman, founder of Monta na, the first town built in Colorado, died recently at his home in Vergens, Vt He was the leader of the first party that left Lawrence, Kan., for Pike's Peak in May, 18"8. In February, 1859, the new town of Montana was incorporated by the State of Kansas. Not even a log sahin now marks the town's location. Among the interesting political relics in the estate of Montgomery Blair are six large trunks containing letters, manuscripts and various public papers left by Frank P. Blair, Mont gomery's father, for the purpose of pre paring his life. The father did not take time to write his life, and left the papers to his son, who in turn leaves them in their orig'nal shape, never having had the time or inclination to prepare the book. Among these papers an; many manuscripts given to the elder Mr. Blair bv Andrew Jackson. Chicago flera'd. " The Pall-Mall Gazette, .a. its criti cism on Ouida's new novel "Wanda," draws attention to the extraordinary size of the heroine's library. The critic say3: "It contained half "a million vol umes; or, as is stated on another page, a million. Taking the former number, and estimating that the room had twenty shelves, and that each volume had on an average an inch of shelf, we find that the wall space in ths 'great cedar-lined room' must have been a little over 2,000 feet; or that the apart ment measured say 800 feet long by 200 wide a large room for a Tyrolese castle." HUMOROUS. Upon seeing a fire-engine at work, an exquisite remarked: "Who would evah have dwearaed that such a vewy diminutive-looking appawatus would hold so much wattahr' Chicago Trib une. The last case of indolence related is that of a man named John Hole, who was so lazy that, in writing his name, he simply "used the letter "3M and then punched a hole through tho paper. N. Y. News. A newspaper is much excited over what it calls the "Diseased wife's sister Bill." But what the wife's diseaso was. and why her sister's name was Bill, is not at all plain in the article discussing the subject Detroit. Fret Press. One man was asked by another, with whom he was on the best of terms, where he had taken up his abode. "Oh," he replied, "I'm living by the canal at present I should be delighted if you would drop in some evening." "It was pitched without," said a clergyman, having Noah's ark for his theme, and an old base-ball player who had been calmly slumbering awoke with a start and yelled "foul' The first bass from the choir came down and put him out. N. K. Independent. "Send anything to this office inpay ment for subscriptions, potatoes, cord wood, string-beans, rags, old iron, any thing, only send it' wails an impe cunious country editor, and then adds: "Not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good faith." Rochester Post-Express. "And how old did ypu say she was?" asked Mrs. Jenkins of the muse um attendant, pointing her sun-shade at the Egyptian mummy in a case. "Four thousand years, ma'am," an swered the man." "Do tell; wonder fully well preserved at that age, ain't she? Are her teeth false?" The scarcity of gentlemen at a neighboring summer resort was so ap parent that a Boston lady telegraphed to her husband: "beorge, bring down a lot of beans for the hop this evening." Thanks to the telegraph manipulator, George arrived with "pot of beans," Boston Courier. His Vacation. He wanders the street in an old striped coat. With ink marks all over his arms. And never a 6hirt collar graces his throat. And no waistcoat bis brave bosom warms. A scraKry beard jrrows all over his face. And he looks very much like a tramp: His hair is uncut, and in heat's grim embrace He appears most decidedly damp. Why does this younp man, so careful in dress. Now look very much like a bummer? Ah ! bitter the truth that I must here confess His girl's gone away for the summer. Washington KetmUican. Everybody in Texas knows Colonel Bill Fritz Hugh, the man who talked old General Holmes out of the ring dur ing the war. Bill was at the Great Windsor, in Dallas, and sent a waiter off with his order. In course of time the fellow came back. Bill looked at him in astonishment a moment and then asked: "Arc you the same man I gave iny order to?" To which the waiter replied: "Yes. sir, I am that same." "Well, mv sroodness!" retorted Bill, you have aged so that I would not have known you from Aaron's scape-goat!" Ttzas Silings. Number Three. On Brady street a boy about thirteen years old stood outside the fence and received a hatfnll of cherries from a boy of nine or ten on the inside. There was -something: so sweetly friendly and charitable in the action that a pedes trian crossed over and said to the small boy irfter the big one had moved on: "Sonny, did you sell him the cher ries?"' "No, sir." "Gave them of your own free will, ehP" "Yes, sir." "Well, he looks like a poor boy who can't buy fruit, and it was a noble action of "yours." "That's what I think, too, sir. He's been licking me all summer, and " "And you heaped coals of fire on his head-" "No, sir. 1 fixed to heap a quart of half-ripe cherries into his stomach, and if he doesn't howl and twist and yell and tie up in hard knots before night then he's too mean for the colio t tackle! He's the third one PTe peJi ff that way this week." DetraH Frm tru. I I '-".'htii.-'Ciii si ' I ' I cy?l OS IS cQPrst --, "! saaTi "" i aii i i i ali in a M , , - -,, MM I KAVriVAKD. Daily Express Ttu. tor Oma!m, Col- cago, Raiia City, M. Lorn?, aud nil point Kat. Tbxungh citxa vi.i l't-orl; to Indian ! iMlf. Kiifaut i'ullnjrm raise 'crtaMl lay coaches on all throczh trains. &oii i Jluiii(- urt cast cf Miiouii XUvcr. Thronrh Ticket rt tun Tvr ft T&tcs nr on salo nt all tbo important -tntinti, and btugiu: t ! ' i) check. ! i . di'ht'cuUoti. Any information ns to rato.-, routes t. iiio tabla. I Vfill l ides rfully lurtiish'-rt -;iou npvllcfttioji tj any npei.t, cr to V. s. KJjSTIS, C-i.vrut Ticket Agent. Omaha, I.cb. ISTOTICE Chicago Weekly News. -AND S0L7UB7S, HEB, J07FLHAL FOR $2.50 a Year Postage Included. Tho OBIJAGO WEEKLY NEWS is recognized as a paper unsurpassed in all the requirements of Americai Journalism. It stands conspicuous among the metropolitan journals of the country as a complete News-paper. In the matter of telegraphic service, having the advantage of connection with the CHICAGO DAILYNEWS, it has at its com mand all the dispatches of the Western Associated Press, besides a very extensive service of Special Telegrams from all important points. As a News-paper it has no supe rior. It is INDEPENDENT in Politics, presenting all political news, free from partisan bias or coloring, and absolutely without fear or favor as to parties. It is, in the fullest sense, a FAMILY PAPER. Each issue contains several COM PLETED STORIES, a SERIAL STORY of absorbing interest, and a rich variety of condensed notes on Fashions, Art, Indus tries, Literature, Science, etc., etc. Its Market Quotations are complete, and to be relied upon. It is unsurpassed as an enterprising, pure, and trustworthy GENERAL FAMILY NEWSPAPER. Our special Clubbing Term3 bring it within the reach of all. Specimen copies may be seen at this off! i Send subscriptions to this office. 1870. 1884:. THE (oIiw(bits journal Id conducted as a FAMILY NEWSPAPER, Devoted to the best mutual inter, cuts of its readers and its publish, ors. Published at Columbus, riutt county, the centre of the agricul tural portion ofNobrasha.it U read by hundred of people east who arc looking towards Nebraska a tbeir future home. Ita subscribers iu Nebraska are the stauui-b, solid portion of the community, as Is evidenced by t.be fact that the Iouknal. has never contained a "dun" agaiust tbeiu, and by the other fact that ADVERTISING n its columns always brings its reward. Business is business, and those .who wish to reach the solid peopleof Ceutral Nebraska will tiud tbjTcolumns of the Jouunal a splendid medium. JOB WORK Of all kinds neatly and quickl done, at fair prices. This specie of printing is nearly always want ed in a hurry, and, knowing this fact, we have so provided for it that we c.'i furnish envelopes, let ter heads, bill heads, circular-, posters, etc., etc., on very short notice, and promptly on time as we promise. SUBSCRIPTION. 1 copy per annum 20 44 Six months 1 00 " Three months, h0 Single copy sent to any address iu the United States for 5 cts. X. X. TURNER ft CO., Columbus, Nebraska. EVERYBODY Can now afford A CHICAGO DAILY. THE CHICAGO HERALD, All the News every day on four larre paire of seven columns each. The Hon. Frank W. Palmer (Postmaster of Chi rajro). Editor-in-Chief. A Republican Daily for $5 per Year, Three months, $1.50. One month on trial 50 cents. CHICAGO "WEEKLY HERALD" Acknowledged by everybody who has read it to be the best eight-page papr ever published, at the low price of tl PER TEAR, Postage Free. Contains correct market reports, all the news, and general reading interest ing to the farmer and his family. Special term- to agents and clubs. Sample Copies fiee. Addre9, CHICAGO HERALD COMPY 120 and 122 Fifth-ar., lu-ir rillCAOO. ILL LYON&HEALY SWt MtwM Sts..CMCH. Will wiljMwM to uy Uraa A br ISO. 3W ftm. HO limn, f IMUWK Salu. Cm, M AUD KM uyuvi, SBdry fc.4 Oattlb Bifrtjl llHlarwlHl fl.HM. VTKHTWA1UI. Daily Express Trains for Denver, con necting in Union Dtritot for all jx.iuts iu Colorado, Vtah, California, axil tbj -'Ltiro UVl. Tho advent of this lino gi tho tru v olor a Ntsw Koate to tho West, with scenery anil buvanugt-s unoquaum e.scvuers. i THE- . HENRY LUSifcS, nstALKR IN WIND MILLS, AND PUMPS. Buckeye Mower, combined, Self Binder, wire or twine. Pumps Repaired on short notice JSSTOne door went of lleintz' I)rii Store, 11th Street, Colunibtu, Neb. s LOOK AT THIS! C. A. MORIAN IS SELLING LUMBEE CHEAPER AT RICHLAND, Than either Schuyler cr Colambus and pays as much FOE &RA.IJST. 2r-mol Special Announcement! REDUCTION Iff PRICE. Wu ntler the JOURNAL in combination with the American Agriculturist, the bc-t farmers' mairnzine iu the world, for SS a year, which includes postage on both. IN ADDITION, we will i:tul free to ev ery person who takes both paper-, a Magnificent Plate Engraingof DlPi:i.' lavt Great Painting, I' 'l'HK JIKA ItOHV' now on exhibition in New York, and offered for sale at &,000. Tue eminent Artiht, F. S. CIIL'R II, writing to a friend In the country Ia-t October, thus alludes to this Picture: . 1 was deli-'hted this morning to- see offered as a Premium a reproduction of a very beautiful Picture, I 'I'llK MEADOW," by Dupre. Tbi-i Picture is an Educator ' This superb engraving 17J by li inches, exclusive of wide border, is worth more than the cost of both Journal. It i mounted on heavy Plate Paper, and -t-nt securely packed in Tubes made expres-tlv for thepnrpose. When to be mailed, 10 cents extra is required for Packing, Pott age, etc. IST'Subscription'4 may begin at anv time, and the Agriculturist furnished in German or English. D YOU WANT THE BEST TM Illustrated "Weekly Pajwr Hfl published ? If so, sub- scribe for Tke Weekly Gxmyfcie. It contains four pages of illustrations and eight page of reading matter. It ia terse. It ia Tigoroui. It is clean and healthy. It gives all the news. Ita home department is full of choice literature. Fanning interests receive spe cial and regular attention. It treaU inde pendently of politics and affairs. During the year it giYee oyer 200 pages of illustra tions, embracing erery variety of subject, from the choicest art production to the customs, manners and noteworthy incidents and everyday scenes of every people ; and Cartoons upon events, men and measures. Try it a year, subscription price $2.50 a year. Sample copies and terms to agents, 5 cents. Address THE WEEKLY GRAPHIC, 182 & 184 Dearbobx Street, Chicago. Wo offer The "Weekly Graphic in Club with The Colambus Journal For $3.00 a year in advance. AT)) T r7"7l Send six cents for I lit I i hi postage. aud receive J. -Ll-LZJU. free I KoMy box or goods which will help you to more money right away than anything else in this world. All, of either sex, succeed from first hour. The broad road to fortune opens before the worker., absolutely ure. At once address, Tkue & Co., Augusta, 3taiae. V V-Y '