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'-- -r',;. .Ny t-tgjgi ; Hgy Ajf- "S W '& 2 t- rfr , .i i, - -jK-y..-.." :.v. --' - I ; ,:,. ';"- k JiS1! v.- t -It - Vj- - - Ji,-X- -MT- . " '-,;. - ' a g-F,:- -; j? - f 2."t " j,---, " . ."fi. ' . . s j- ..r fV-'s-,-- . . - ,--.rJ Sf" .m.w- ' -t rsgr oo - e-tf-- Sr- I' ?H V . 3 COLUMBUS. NEBRASKA. WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 8. 1902. WHOLE NUMBER 1,652. VOLUME XXXJI.-NUMBER 40. gSTSC ?""'tysB?i-r & , -' t Immral. at : . t i :. i.-.: $ r ? c r &- DATA FORJJME bvMtigation of OomntroT Oennisrien To Afford President Material. WTrCEIS AK SERVING SISTOCNAS 1rw4 and nacktoK M. a I- vr Chief foInU at Im Ar. Ballway CMblMtleM tacr Waskl(toB Matters. CHICAGO, Jan. 4. The Record-Herald tomorrow will say: The Inter state Commerce commission will be gin a series of three investigations in Chicago next Tuesday, which are said to have for their purpose the gathering of data for a special mes- by President Roosevelt to con. . It is eaid that in this special President Roosevelt will deal with three subjects, as follows: ,1. Railway combinations. 2. The Interstate Commerce com Mission. 3. Legislation governing interstate traffic. Originally it was the purpose of the president to cover those subjects ful ly in his annual message to congress, but owing to the inability of the Interstate Commmerce commission to get all the facts necessary, these sub jects were touched upon but briefly and were left to be handled in a sup plementary message. The investiga tions which will be made and which will supplant these already made are: 1. Tuesday, at Chicago, the trans portation of packing house products and dressed beef. 2. Wednesday, at Chicago, the Burlington-Northern Pacific-Great North ern combination. 3. Thursday, at Kansas City, grain and grain products to eastern and seaboard points. 4. Friday, at Chicago, packing house aad dressed beef. United States Marshal Doty was busy today serving and trying to erve subpoenas on representatives of packing house interests. He had six summonses and succeeded in serv ing two. Several of the men sought are said to have escaped service by leaving the city hurriedly, one of them missing the deputy by only a few seconds. While the packing house men are apparently shunning the investiga tion, the railroad men are not seeking to avoid it Many of them believe that anything is better than the pres at conditions, and that with stable "--- ,TW would come lower rates, to the great benefit of the entire country. The packing house men who were served with subpoenas were: George B. Bobbins, vice president of Ar anour car lines; W. P. Jenkins, su perintendent of transportation for the Hammond Packing company. No subpoenas were issued for the railroad men. but in their stead let ters were received from the commis sion requesting their attendance at the investigation. It is said that ev ery person in charge of traffic on a road centering here and known to carry packing house products and dressed beef has received a copy of the letter. It is daubtful if the investigation into the Burlington deal can proceed Wednesday, as President Harris of theDurllngton and Darius Miller, vice president, will not be in the city. They have asked the commission to postpone the date, and unless the St. Paul people interested can get here a postponement may become necessary-It is understood that the legal coun sel interested in the organization of the Northern Securities company James J. Hill. E. H. Harriman. J. P. Morgan, former President Hays of the Southern Pacific. President Burt of the Union Pacific and J. C. Stubbs. traffic director of the Harriman lines have been asked to attend. . NAVAL C0l tGE rOLLOWiOiY aaj oarers Attcaa Faaeral or Kear Admiral Ka. WASHINGTON, Jan. 4. Impressive funeral services were held at St. John's Kplscopal church over the late Rear Admiral Francis A. Roe. U. S. N., re tirei. Among the officiating clergy saea was Rev. William Taylor Snyder, a aepaew of Roe. The body was es corted to Arlington cemetery by a de tachment of marines commanded by LJeutenant Colonel B. R. Russell, headed by the full marine band. The body bearers were eight sailors, the honorary pall bearers being Rear Adt mirals Greer. Schley, Weaver, Ludlow, Watson, Captains Sigsbee and Bartlett and Mr. Frank Hacket, former assist ant secretary of the navy. Shaet a Wyesala Sheriff. CASPER, Wyo., Jan. 4. New Year's evening four prisoners escaped from JaiL They were Charles and Clar ence Woodward, David Foote and C. B. Franklin. Sheriff W. C. Ricker followed and overtook them at Gar teld Peak, seventy-five miles west of Casper. The Woodwards, from a con cealed position, fired on the sheriff and shot him from right to left through the breast. It is impossible to say how seriously he is wonaded. Mast Vat Marry. GORDON. Neb., Janl 4. Hereafter applicants for positions in the Gordon schools will be compelled to give bond that they will not get Married aad throw p their jobs dariag the term far which they were elected. Cupid has been particularly iadastrioes dur ing the present aad peat years in hriagiag down the Gordoa school aad the board has tired of ap aew ernes asnsM we saw sb of the yea- - TO KIwtT MSEASEt CATTLE Aa Order te Frereat Cetorad. Bvte Fre-ai Eateries ta. State. LINCOLN, Neb.. Jan. 4. Acting un der the instruction of Governor Sav age, State Veterinarian W. A. Thom as left Lincoln for Haigler, Neb., to supervise in person an order issued to the sneriff at that place to return immediately to Colorado a large herd of alleged diseased cattle from that state on its way to the range in the vicinity of Haigler. From dispatches received later by the governor, it looks as if a border war had broken out among the cattle men of that section over the cattle, which are being driven to that point from Colorado. The governor receiv ed a dispatch from Donagbue Welch and eight other cattle firms and in dividuals . protesting against the en trance of the cattle to this state, and acting under such intelligence he im mediately notified Dr. Thomas to pre vent the entrance of the cattle at all hazards. It was stated in the dispatch that seventeen head of the cattle have al ready died of the disease and the fear of contagion spreading among the cat tle on the Nebraska ranges is very great, to which is added the fear that should the cattle be allowed on the range, even should they not come in contact wito the Nebraska herds,, the ranges would be ruined, as the cattle hereafter using them would no doubt be infected as much as by direct con tact with the diseased animals. CRUSMCi UNiER THE WHEELS David Dlage. Meets With Iactaet Death a the Ballread. FREMONT, Neb. Jan. 4. David H. Dinges was killed here by Union Pa cific passenger train No. 5, the Denver special. Dinges was an employe of the Fremont Saddlery company, whose factory is located adjacent to the tracks, a snort distance from where the accident took place. Deceased worked there during the day time and alept there at night. He was a man 60 years of age and had been up town helping to usher in the new year, and was on his way back to the factory, carrying a lighted lantern in bis hand. The engineer of the train, Joe Soren sen, observed him step onto the track, but the train was too close upon him to stop. Dinges was thrown a dis tance of 135 feet, and is supposed to have been instantly killed. TeMa. Caster's fctirt, -LINCOLN, Neb., Jan. 4. Oyer SCO, 000 is what Tobias Caster's estate amounts to as shown by his will. Of this $50,000 in is real estate and $11, 000, cash and notes, in personal. The estate consists of about 475 acres of land in Saline county and lots In Wil ber, Western and Phillips. Besides these, there are 24,000 ahes of mining stock, whose value is speculative. Ap plication was made for the appoint ment of his widow as administrator. Dlspate Over Irrigated Clalau. LINCOLN, Neb., Jan. 4. The case of McCabe against Hlnman. a dispute over an irrigation claim in Lincoln county, has been assigned for hearing before the State Board of Irrigation on January 28. It is alleged that Maude Hlnman, the defendant, has discontinued the operation of an irri gation works and that for this reason she has no further rights under her claim. The case has been appealed to the state tribunal. Methodists Dedicate Chareh. PIERCE, Neb., Jan. 4. The Method ists dedicated their new church Sun day. The sermon was by Presiding Elder Gorst, after which he called for contributions to pay off a debt of C800. All but 50 of the debt was sub scribed. makers Declare Dlvlaeade. FREMONT. Neb.. Jan. 4. The Fre mont banks have declared semi-annual dividends as follows: Commercial National, 4 per cent; Fremont Nation al, 4 per cent; First National, 3 per cent and 33,000 added to the surplus fund. rieasf BesMeat Dead. HUMBOLDT, Neb., Jan. 4. H. B. Gist, one of the pioneer residents of Richardson county, died at his home in Salem after an illness of many months duration. Epidemic Aeaonc Sheep. GRANT, Neb.. Jan. 4. John Sexson, sheepman, has lost 145 sheep. The deaths are supposed to be from loco- weed. Others are losing, but not so heavily. Kilted la Raaawar. TECUMSEH, Neb., Jan. 4. Al W. Wilson, local manager of the Standard Oil company, was the victim of a fa tal accident here. He had started with his heavy oil wagon for John con. When just north of the city, and in descending a steep hill, tho brake on the wagon apparently fail ed to work, letting the wagon onto the horses' heels, which frightened the animals and they ran away, killing the ! driver. Kara! DeUvery Free Beeltea. SHELTON, Neb., Jan. 4. Three new free rural delivery routes were started from the Shelton postoffice on the first of. the year, and will cover a distance of over eighty miles. Over 100 boxes have been taken and many more will be added. Daniel Stonebar- ger has charge of route No. lr which includes the west line of Hall county and the east edge of Buffalo. A dis ' tance of almost thirty miles will be i covered each day. PUN SIGNS ARE BAD Ftnignen Pind that (Medal Infl Are Against Hem, 10SE EAITI IN TIE EMTIESS Gea. Teas La Orgvalse. Tw. AraByCrye at Mm With Boxer Idea. Baateaat Oaly Iadepeadeat Hewsaaaer aa aa Iadestrlal ScheeJ PEKIN, Jan. 3. Recent occurrences tend to discourage the hope that the dowager empress had learned a les son of reform from the events of the past year. Foreigners are "disposed to take a pessimistic view of the out look. General Yung La's intention to organize two anti-foreign army corps, to offset the commands of the pro foreign Chinese leaders, is particular ly disquieting and is evidence of con tinned domination of his influence, which is bitterly anti-foreign. Other incidents which are consider ed significant are the suppression of the only independent newspaper in this city, by order of the governor of Pekin, and the closing of the indus trial school here recently organized by philanthropic Chinamen, also by the governor's order. This school was intended for the training of des titute youths. Other liberal Chinese will hesitate now to give practical vent to their theories, fearing the dis pleasure of officialdom. A third edict regarding the recent murder of a Belgian priest near NIng Sha Foo, in Kan Spo province, has appeared. It appoints a special offi cial to punish those who are guilty of the crime, and reaffirms the dow ager empress' good will toward Chris tians. This is unusual activity upon the part of the court, in the punish ment of those guilty of an anti-Christian outrage, and is taken as evidence of the dowager empress' desire to con ciliate the powers upon the eve of the return of the court to Pekin. Proofs accumulate that Prince Ching's arguments persuaded the dow ager empress to trust herself within range of the legation forts. Officials arriving here describe the dowager empress and General Yung Lu as be-' Ing extremely nervous and suspicious lest the foreigners are planning to entrap them after their arrival and punish them for encouraging Boxer ism. The foreigners will probably view the court's re-entry into Pekin from the wall near the legations. The Chi nese officials have been sounded by the ministers as to whether they will enforce the old custom of restraining foreigners from witnessing imperial processions. The replies are not en couraging. The treaty gives the lega tions a strip of wall commanding a view of the gates of the imperial city, and the members of the foreign com munity are planning to assemble thereupon. It will be a great innova tion. INCREASE IN CtlWEWCY Catptreller's Meathly Stateaieat thaws Marked AddlMeas. WASHINGTON. January 3. The monthly circulation statement of the comptroller of the currency shows that at the close of the year 1901 the circulation of national bank notes was 3360,289,726, an increase as compared with December 31, 1900, of 120,148,551. and an increase for the month of 3569,015. The circulation based on United States bonds amounted to 3325,009,306, an increase for the year of $16,714,632, and a decrease for the month of $1,202,880. The circulation secured by lawful money amounted to $35,280,420, an increase for the year of $3,433,919, and an increase for the month of $1,771,895. The amount of United States registered bonds on de posit to secure circulation notes was $326,280,280. and to secure public de posits $110,844,650. Presldeat Atteads Theatre. WASHINGTON, Jan. 3. The presi dent rounded out a very busy New Year day by vising the new National theater to witness Francis Wilson in "The Toreador." It was strictly a family party, the president being ac companied by Mrs. Roosevelt and the children. The capacious theater was crowded to the wallB. Grata Dealer, te Meet. DES MOINES. la., Jan. 3. Presi dent B. A. Lockwood of the National Grain Dealers' association announces that a meeting of the executive com mittee will be held in Chicago the first week in March, when the plans for holding next year's meeting will be arranged. Message Fieaesali Cheered. LONDON, Jan. 3. In accordance with his annual custom. Rev. Joseph Parker, minister of the city temple, at today's midday service in the tem ple, the first held in 1902, read out a number of messages which he pro posed to furnish to a number of im portant persons in behalf of the con gregation. The first message was In tended for King Edward aad the sec ond for President Roosevelt, each sen tence of which was heartily caeeredt ' Faaeral ef Geieraar fttecart. TACOMA, Wash., Jan. 3. The body of John Rankin Rogers, third gover nor cf the state of Washington, was laid to rest in the Hillside cemetery at Puyallup. Thousands of people thronged the streets and there hardly a house in the city that not draped in black. The hearse escorted to the cemetery by several companies of national guards and was followed by fifty lies of Masons la full regrjia. MANCKS ALL 0VEI TK Wwtlt Ovtllae af Plaas at the Hra Iatanattoaal Maak. NEW YORK, Jan. 3. Plaas of the International Banking corporatloa.1 which has been named by the preal-I dent as repository for the portion of jj the Chinese indemnity aue ro we uw. ted States, have been explalaed by General Thomas H. Hubbard, the pre- ident of the board of directors oi ure new corporation. He says that after the Philippine agency is established, other branches will be established in the principal cities of the new insular IKMsessions of the United States. The ultimate purpose Is that the entire Orient and South and Central America shall be comprehended by the opera tions of the bank. . "All of. this is but the natural out- growth of the commercial an terrt- torial expansion. of the United States,' ,, continued General Hubbard. "Hereto fore there has been no particular' need in the United States of a banking in stitution doing an international busi ness, but since the Spanish war and the tremendous trade of recent years with South America and the promise of a constantly increasing commerce with China and the Orient, the neces sity for such an institution as this has developed. "Heretofore all of the exchange with foreign countries has been handled by the banks of Berlin and London. There are a number of international banks in these cities. It will be the purpose of the International Banking corporation to secure as much as pos sible of the exchange business here tofore handled by these foreign banks with which this country is concern ed." DEATH OF "I0SS MU" STOUT Feraier C.asaleaaaa Nehrasaaa Qmm Oak With th. Old Yasr. WASHINGTON, Jan. 3. W. H. B. Stout, known to Nebraskans as "Boss" Stout, is dead. He retired at his usual hour Tuesday evening, but about 11 o'clock he complained of pains in his chest. Home remedies were applied and a physician sent for. Mr. Stout, however, refused to remain in bed, protesting that he was not ill. Local applications failed to bring relief, and hardly had the physician who had been hastily summoned left the house when the man who once occupied a prominent position in the politics of Nebraska sank to the floor and ex pired just as the New Year dawned. William H. B. Stout came to Wash ington twelve years ago, after his fail ure la business la- Nebraska. After a I short time here he formed a partner ship under the name of Stout, Hall & Bangs and secured a contract for building the sub-basement of the con gressional library. But dissatisfied congressmen from Pennsylvania se cured congressional intervention and the whole contract for the sub-basement and superstructure was relet to other bidders. Stout's quarries in Maine were shut down and the works along the Potomac river front were useless. SAYS WHITE MAN1WUST RULE Gea. Jeseea Wheeler Dii Qaestlea la the Seath. CLEVELAND, O., Jan. 3. General Joseph Wheeler was in this city in the interest of a new army rifle. In a newspaper interview he stated, in re ply to a question on the possibility of a political break In the south: "There is no question that the su periority of the white race in the south must be maintained. Anyone who has seen the south under the rule of the other color, as it was directly after the war, can understand why this must be so. For one reason white supremacy alone can insure financial stability. There will be no political break in the "solid south" by any party which tries to interfere from the north, through the medium of politicians, with the solving of the color problem by the south. Malady Prepresses stowlv. WASHINGTON, Jan. 3. Admiral Sampson's malady progresses slowly but very steadily toward the end. Medical science cannot check it. Symp toms of arterial degeneration have appeared, such as are incident to his malady, injecting great uncertainty into the case. Mis. Steae Is Still IU. WASHINGTON,' Jan. 3. The last advice of the state department re specting Miss Stone and Mme. Tsilka is that both were alive and .well; though still in captivity at the end of last week. Further information as to the women's case is not obtainable. Call aa tha Presldeat. WASHINGTON, Jan. 3. Senator Pekins of California introduced to the president Prof. Campbell, superintend ent and director of the Lick observa tory, and Prof. Simon .Newcombe, the celebrated astronomer. Prof. Camp bell invited the president to visit the Lick observatory. The president told him that it was his intention to make a trip to the Pacific coast next summer and that he would be glad to visit the observatory. Amy OMeer Feaad PORTLAND, Ore., Jan. 3. A dis patch from Ilwaco, Wash., to the Evening Telegram says: Lieuteaaal Colonel J. F. Beven, Eighth artillery, was found dead in bed at Fort Caaby. His brains were blown out and by his side was found a revolver. It Is ap parently a case of suicide, though no reason is known why he. should take his life. He had risen from the ranks and was very popular, being the cap- tain of the Fort Canby footb.ll HOUSE IS GAY itHas His Pine lew Tear's Bepeptua. SUUES lANtS WIT! MANY ttOflE Meaihers aad Ferelga K.are eatatlves Greet ! The Weather aHlightfal aad. Vast Thrrags ' WASHINGTON, Jan. 2. President ftoosevelt's first public reception was' attended more largely than any New Year's reception, in a number of years. In all 8,100 persons filed through the White House and shook hands with ho nrealriont Mr. RnnKAYolt nn he- lr. mnnrlm thBt thA prnW4l ,n linft jr - o trtr -- -- outsfde the White House was unusu ally large, gave orders that the gates should not be closed until the last per son desiring to do so had an opportu nity to pay his respects. The reception began promptly at 11 o'clock and it was 2:30 p. m. before the last person in line bad been pre sented to the president, and a quarter of an hour later before the reception came to an end. The weather was delightful, being clear and crisp, so that no hardship was suffered by the throng that wait ed for hours before admission to the White House. The reception was in every way successful, the attendance not only being large, but the decora tions beautiful, the arrangements per fect and the president in excellent spirits. To each person the president ex tended a cordial "Happy New Year," and Mrs. Roosevelt was equally pleas ant to each of those who filed past the line In the Blue parlor, where the receiving party stood. Miss Alice Roosevelt was conspicuous among those assisting at the reception. A party of her young girl friends, by invitation, also participated in the function. Surrounded by the presidential and cabinet circle, President Roosevelt greeted officials in every branch of public life, as well as a great con course of people from private life. The scene within the historic mansion was one of extraordinary beauty and brilliancy, and there was an added touch of interest in the occasion this year from the fact that this was the first official function of magnitude with Mr. Roosevelt and bis interest ing family as the central figures. The day was ideal for the observ ance of the time-honored custom of making New Year's calls. The sun shone from a cloudless sky, the air was cool and bracing and fresh wind made the White House flags stand out proudly. Early in the day an army of deco rators and florists took possession of the mansion and transformed the stately corridors and parlors into bowers of palms, potted plants and sweet smelling flowers. The official program for the day fixed 11 o'clock as the time for opening the reception with the calls of the members of the cabinet and the foreign representa tives, but some time before that hour the approaches leading up to the mar ble portico were filled with carriages, while long lines of people took posi tion at the outer gates in order to have points of vantage when the pub lic reception began. Fallares of tha Tear. NEW YORK, Jan. 2. Reports to R. G. Dun 4b Co. show that the fail ures for the year 1901 were 11,002 in number and $113,092,376 in amount of liabilities, while in banking and other fiduciary institutions there were 74 insolvencies, involving $108,008, 774. a total of 11,076 defaults and $131, 111,150 in liabilities. Terhal.Bc. at Ifaeles. NAPLES, Jan. 2. The arrival here of the socialist member of the cham ber of deputies, Signor Ferry, to ad dress a meeting, resulted in turbulent demonstrations, which the troops were called out to suppress. Ex-CoBgTessnaa JK.id Dead. LEWISTON, Idaho, Jan. 2. James ,W. Reld, ex-congressman from North Carolina, died here after an illness of several months. He was one of the best known public men of the state. He came to Idaho in 1887. archer War Statistics. LONDON. Jan. 2. Official returns show that the Boer losses by. killed, wounded and surrendered during 1901 totaled 14,887. Festal Clerk la Arrested. ST. PAUL, Jan. 2. William J. Work, night mail clerk at the post office, was arrested on a charge of stealing money from letters. The ar rest was made at the instance of Post office Inspector Kimball, who has been working on the case for three years. The local authorities have received complaints fcr several years that small sums of money had been ex tracted from letters mailed here. Work was ia charge of the office at night Frcideat Diaz Kept Beer. MEXICO CITY, Jan. 2. President Mas received thousand of callers yes terday, including the diplomatic corps, the Pan-American delegates, who take rank as diplomats, members of con gress, army and navy officers, etc. The president was especially cordial to the Pan-American delegates. In the aasae of the diplomatic corps, United States Ambassador Clayton of fered the presldeat hearty New Year eeagratalatiens. l win MILITARY CAMP IN SIKRIA. tha Flteh Tkir Teats Stardy aad Maeay Ma. Oa the Snndaymorning when all the diurch bells were clanging aad good Blagovestcheask folks were hastening, armed with prayer books, to worship, I took a solitary walk along the Amur 3lde. On the way I passed through the camp where are stationed some 3,000 soldiers. It was well situated near a wood. The officers' quarters were of timber, painted white, and there were scraggy gardens in front There were great long sheds for the troops, but most of the men were under canvas. Their tents were pitched on quite a different plan to that adopted by Brit ish troops. There was first built up a square of sods, not unlike a sports man's shelter you see oa the moors at home, with an entrance on one side. On the top of this was fixed the tent, which was really a sort of square can vas lid which would throw the. rain beyond the bank. In each were six. beds and there was plenty of room to stand up. At every point was a sol dier on guard, bugles -were continu ously sounding, officers and their or derlies were galloping about "For eigner" was, of course, stamped all over me, and, although I received many curious glances, I strolled where I pleased, with never a word of hind rance. These Russian white-bloused Tom mies were just as "larky" as their red jacketed friends at Aldershot, says a correspondent of the London News. In one or two places men were put out on parade, but most of them were spend ing their Sunday as they pleased. From some of the tents came the bleat of ac cordions, and young fellows were laughing and singing. Then I came across a group having wrestling matches; next some young fellows were testing their jumping powers; then groups squatted in the shade of the trees smoking and gossiping. I must say that they were all sturdy, well set and healthy men, clean and neat, and quite happy. REASONING POWERS OF CRARS. This Oa. Vadeabtedly Shewed It, Ac-cerdlag- ta Blackford. Eugene Blackford, the ex-fish com missioner, was standing in the door of his office in Fulton Market one day last week when a literary woman came up to him and said: "Mr. Blackford, I am gathering material for an article on crabs. Do you think those little crustaceans have the faculty of rea soning?" "Well, madam," replied Mr. Black ford, according to the New York Times, "I have never given the subject a thought, but I have known crabs to do some remarkable things. Last summer I was fishing for flounders in Jamaica bay. The water was shallow and I could easily see the bottom. A crab sidled up to my bait, picked up the hook with one claw, took off the bait with the other, ate it and then climbed up the line hand over hand, tumbled into the boat and went nosing around looking for the bait box. If that isn't reason it certainly is a very high de gree of instinct" Car. af Haads la Wlater. Any extreme temperature, or either very hot or very cold water, is not good for the hands. Warm water is more cleansing than cold water. A dozen drops of the tincture of benzoin added to a basin of warm water is ben eficial to the bands. Castile or one of the fine toilet soaps should be used. A generous lather should be made and the hands thoroughly rubbed with it. A rubber flesh-brush is a great comfort. A little bran or oatmeal if put in the water has a softening effect, and makes the skin velvety and pliable. Almond meal is also excellent for this purpose. Care in drying the hands is essential to their good condition, especially in winter. A soft towel will gather up all the moisture and should be used in between the fingers of each hand so that every part may be thoroughly dried. After drying the hands it is a good plan to rub in a little cold cream or almond oil, after which, if they are particularly sensitive, powder may ha dusted over them. Ladies' Home Jour nal. Plage, ef Rats. Lisbon has recently been subjected to an unprecedented invasion of rats, which has disoredered the domestic economy of every household and made life miserable. Cats were powerless to check the invaders; poison seemed to act as a stimulant to their appetites, and traps only served to demonstrate the helplessness of man's ingenuity to cope with the pest. At lengtn the aid or the bacillus woo invoked and the municipal doctors were commissioned to inoculate some rats with an infectious disease. A suit able virus, harmless to man, was found, a few rats captured and inoculated and then let loose. The bacillus triumphed. The rats sickened and died with won derful rapidity, and to-day Lisbon is celebrating the conquest of the vora cious rodent. It is now proposed to use the virus on board ships, where rats are known to be the carriers of infection fatal to man notably plague. Eleahaat Catcher NeedeeV An elephant catcher rather than a cow catcher seems to be needed in In dia. On the railroad between Bengal and Assam, according to the Railroad Gazette, as the superintendent of the line was making an inspection trip, while passing through the great Nam bar forest, the train came to a stop with a jolt that threw the travelers out of their berths. The train had run into a herd of wild elephants which were trotting down the track, the last of which had both hind legs broken and was thrown into the ditch, while the engineer counted seven oth ers which got away. This is not the first time that wild elephants have got on the track, and ordinary fences and cattle guards are no protection. Sci entific American. The bars across the heavenly road are as likely to be made of gold as of iron. Tea seeds resemble small hazelnuts. They are sown in beds to grow thickly together like cabbages. - THE KET StMAR INDUSTRY. A most important article, giviag Messrs. Oxnard's aad Cutting's views oa the Beet Sugar Industry ia thitf couatry. appeared oa the editorial sage of the New York Evealag Post of De cember 12th. 1M1, sad as every hoese hold ia the mad is interested la sugar the article will be of universal latereet. "The Evening Post bids the heartiest weloome to every Americaa iadastry that can stand oa its own bottom aad make its way without leaning oa the poor rates. ' Among these self-support-lag Industries, we are glad to know, is the. production of beet sugar. At all events. It was such two years ago. We publish elsewhere a letter writtea ia 1899, and signed by Mr. Oxaard aad Mr. Cutting, the chiefs of.thls iadus try on the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains, showing that this was the happy coadlrloa of the trade at that time. If parties masqaeradlag as beet sugar producers are besieglBg the Pres ldeat and Congress at this momeat. aad pretending that they will be rained if Cubaa sagar Is admitted for six months at half the present rates of duty, their false preteaces ought to be exposed. "The letter of Messrs. Oxnard and Cutting was probably written for the purpose of inducing the farmers of the Mississippi valley to go more largely into the cultivation of beets for the sugar factories. This was a laadable motive for telliag the truth aad show ing the large profits which awaited both the beet-grower and the Manufac turer if the industry were perseverlng ly aad intelligently prosecuted. To this end It was pointed out that farmers could clear $65 per acre by cultivating beets, and might even make $100. But in order to assure the cultivator that he would not be exposed to reverses by possible changes in the tariff, they proceeded to show that the industry stood in no need of protection. "The beet sugar Industry, these gen tlemen say, "stands on as firm a basis as any business in the country." They point out the fact a very important one that their product comes out as a finished article, refined and granulat ed. It Is not, like cane-sugar grown In the West India Islands, a black and offensive paste, which must be carried in wagons to the seaboard aad thence by ships to the United States, where, after another handling. It la put. through a costly refinery, aad then ahipped by rail to the consumer, who may possibly be in Nebraska alongside a beet sugar factory which turns out the refined and granulated article at one fell swoop. Indeed, the advan tages of the producer of beet sugar for supplying the domestic consumption are very great. We have no doubt that Messrs. Oxnard and Cutting are within bounds when they say that 'sugar can be produced here cheaper than it can be in Europe.' The reasons for this are that "'The sugar Industry Is, after all. meYely an agricultural one. We can undersell Europe in all other crops, and sugar is no exception.' "It follows as naturally as the mak ing of flour from wheat. If we can produce wheat cheaper than Europe, then naturally we can produce flour cheaper, as we do. "But the writers of the letter do not depend upon a-priori reasoning to prove that they can make sugar at a profit without tariff protection. They point to the fact that under the McKinley tariff of 1890, when sugar was free of duty, the price of the article was 4 cents per pound. Yet a net profit of $3 per ton was made by the beet-sugar factories under those conditions, not counting any bounty on the home production of sugar. They bonst that they made this profit while working under absolute free trade, and they have a right to be protid of this result of their skill and industry. Many beet-sugar factories had been started in bygone years, back in the sixties and seventies of the nine teenth century, and had failed because the projectors did not understand the business. Since then great progress has been made, both here and abroad. In the cultivation and manipulation of the beet. What was impossible thirty years ago is now entirely feasible. The in dustry is already on a solid and endur ing basis. There are factories in the United States, these gentlemen tell us in their letter, capable of using 330.000 tons of beets per annum at a profit of $3 per ton, and this would make a profit of $1,050,000 as the income to be earned under absolute free trade. "It must be plain to readers of this letter, signed by the captains of the beet-sugar industry, that the people in Washington who are declaiming against the temporary measure which the President of the United States urges for the relief of the Cuban peo ple, are either grossly ignorant of the subject, or are practising gross decep tion. The tenable ground for them is to say: 'Other people are having pro tection that they do not need, and therefore we ought to have more than we need.' This would be consistent with the letter of Messrs. Oxnard and Cutting, but nothing else is so." A "Real Daaft-htei" Ueail. Mrs. Jincey Bacon, a real daughter of the Revolution, though she does not seem to have belonged to the order, died suddenly at Laurel. Del., Tuesday, being 95 years old and in full pos session of her faculties, so that she had confidently hoped to pass the cen tury mark. She was a daughter or Colonel Isaac- Fooks, a noted Dela warean and a friend of General Wash ington, with whom he wintered at Valley Forge. The Kaiser Is a Flatoerat. Emperor William is undoubtedly the richest monarch in the world, now that Queen Victoria's estate has been divided. He inherited more than $20,000,000 from his grandfather thirteen years ago. which was well in vested and has since rapidly increased- in value. He inherited another from his father, the late Emperor Frederick. His wife is also rich. Where They Most Do Thiers. Sir. Carnegie has decided that the new technhal school he is to endow in Pittsburg is to he practical rather than theoretical. He is studying up on the question, and has spent one day in looking over a model school of that character. That is the Pratt institute of Brooklyn, where tne pupils learn how to do things rather than to talk about them. IKS TOC BUT 8TAMCM buy Defiance and set the best. IS os. for jo cents, once used, always I jKd0OdOd0OOdOdOdOdOdOd oooe)oeooooooooqe. i i IsrC wItJ eWflsBMewe o ? o o 3 sTAhlBllnift o d State IBait! o i o o i o ! o o OMest Bank fct the State. o o o d o o d o o o d o o Fqrs Inter of Deposits and Time Real MSUeS SMUT Dt AFTS ON CMcap, NcwYfrt. o SO As AM FecetgM Ceaatrlee. .o o Setts Steamship o I Siy (BoodHoks, ! mi kdss its o o o o o o o o they need hdX j$ j J" i aaaioam birsoti d o aaaaao. pais. wm. swohsr. viea-M m. .NusasR. easMi d t. MULST. O o 0Od)0Od0$0$CO$OdOdOOd0 OdOdOdOd0&000400OdOd0 Columbus JournaJ, A Weekly Republican Newspaper Devoted to the Best Interests of Ai c in Ji Columbus, THE County of Platte, The State of -.Nebraska.- THE United States, and the RUt If MilkM & The Unit el Measure with Us is $1.50 r per Year, if Paid in Advance, t st BertewUsaK ef Uacfalasu U aet qrcsMisrrSjf 4 by DeJsara asftJCeats. Sample Copies Sent Free to any Address. HENRY GASS. ...UNDERTAKER. 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