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Vc' Fv' ,- ?, J , S" r. -a "wivt? - - - ,. ; , vrjm&i -J &fT&&'jrz5f. ligSVi- , . .' :." :,$ 1. I !! p 'I !?' W Recall for the bow ud Up for the'; afti Aad the'dawa ot a better day; AM the plewman'e shout ia the Tlce eld green. Aad the gleam of a kerchief gay," the women wash on the river 'The river that lows along, Aad Into the sea that stags for aye A deep-voiced welcome song. Reveille far the -new and taps for the And the trenches are leveled down. Where the sun-flag waved defiance wild To the legions clad in brown. Where the Manser spoke and the skir mishers Charted down in dread array. And! they who fell found a ready grave In the lead-torn trench that day. Reveille for, the new and taps for the Id, And' the dawn of a better day. When the bolo rusts on the bamboo wall . And the tears are wiped away. When the brown man tnds a brother The white man firm and true, One people, one God. and jost one flag, The old red, white .and bine. Robert B. Carr in Denver Times. Ofgaalatlaa. In regard to army organization we have learned some lessons. For in stance, it is known that oar commis- aad transport systems la China excelled by those of no other na tion except possibly Japan. The Ger mans, whom Mr. Poultney Bigelow holds np as oar model, were notori- badly off, and it is said that our department actually provided them with overcoats. It must fee remembered that any system, even the beat, is lkely to go to pieces in aetaal war. The Germans have aot beea tested for thirty years. Further, it can not be too strongly insisted that we do not want any such system as that of the Germans. Our theory is totally different We think it better and cheaper to take some chances, and to meet emergencies as they arise. War is aot our business, and we can act make our people believe that It is. Of coarse, we were aot ready for the Spanish war. Yet we .got ready for it, and foaght it through to victory con dactiag operations oa opposite sides of the globe ia less than four months. It was a great scramble, yet we doubt whether even Germany could beat that Tet there should be reform in particulars. Our regular army Should fee the best ia the world, armed throughout with modern weapons, thoroaghly equipped aad drilled, aad Tgaalsed oa the best possible lines. The relations between it and the Na tional Gaard should be much closer thaa they are. The whole staff depart aseat afeoald be organized for efficien cy, and should be regarded as one of the asset important branches of the Men who are chosen to corn- other men in war must be chos en solely for their fitness. Indlanap eHsNews. If Chili aad the Argentine Republic g to war Chill, the swaggering South American bantam, is likely to have her wtege clipped; for. on paper at least the Argeatiae is the.much more power fal nation, says the New York Press. Ever stace Chill whipped Pern she has feeea lasoleat to all nations; especially to the United States, a country which the majoriy of Chllaaos believe she aaaM ferlag to terms with ease and diapatrh Chili has a population of afeaat 3.st9.999. while the Argeatiae las a population of 4,600,000. In area Chill la less than 306,000 square miles, while the Argentine has an area of early 4.000.000 square miles. Chill's regular army consists of 9.690 mea and her reserve forces of 30,000 men, while the Argentine has nearly 30,000 men ta her army and a reserve of 480,000. nearly all of whom have received mil itary training. Every year this na tional gaard is mobilised and receives two months' training in a camp of in atracttoa, besides their drills during the rest of the year. The Argentine navy consists of four coast defense ateaitors. of which two are of the new type, six armored cruisers, three sec-aavd-claas cruisers of high speed, seven smaller cruisers and gunboats of mod ern fealld aad several ot old type; three torpedo boat destroyers and twelve first-class and ten second-class boats. Five of the armored are of nearly 7,000 tons dis- it and of modern build. They are replete with every modern appli ance aad designed for .a speed of 20 knots aa hoar.- Chill is boastful of fear aavy. - It-consists of five armored Cramers, including the old Huascar and the Almirante -Cochran, built in 1174; the Captain Prat Esmeralda and OTTIgglae are the only armored cruis ers fcn her aavy worth talking about Then' she has two secoad-class: and three third-class cruisers -and-eleven gaahsats of small account the most ef them. She has also four destroyers aad fifteen first-class and four second- torpede boats. tt experimenU.made ia Norway Kva proved that snow-is a substance which offers a surprisiag resistance to by a rifie ballet Its re- beea fouad to be far wood, though not of so great as earth. It was that a wall of snow four r thick, la absolutely proof against the Morwegiaa army rifie. which is an arm penetrative force. Volleys at the snow breastworks. rat at a H stance of half a mile, and thaa gradually at decreasing distances, watU the range was only fifty yards aad the white walls were not once psastrsHi This suggests a aew aseaas at field defease' ia wiater cam- fly handled thaa earth. orv lacreacaiag tnemselves ia would fee a novel and pic- it is disputed whether Jackson made nee of in his defeases at the bat tle of Mew Orleans, though he got the havlag done.se. Whether a he will have to give place the saattor at .novel breastworks to who shall first use field of snow. New York of the esacers stationed at the teR the fofiowiag story about sTsfehs while he was warriag la the !, says the-Saa Fraacls- The Memos are sot-.um uaiioa sw aueia- Misamir.caiefs aad the oflkers are the most iafethgeat of SKETCHES. all the Filipinos, aad whan Gem. Kobbe waats laformatloa about people or conditions, he calls apoa his 'Mono friends for it' Duriag the. past year Gen. Kobbe asked his Morro frieade to arrest a Filipino criminal for him. Several of the feet-footed- Morros be gan' th hunt, and they were terrify ing, for they dress always !n bright scarlet. They were absent 'several days, and they came Into Gen. Xobbe's headquarters carrying a basket. The general turned. to them aad asked: "Well, did you bring back your man?0 They 'shook their heads' and looked ashamed. Then one of them removed the cover from the basket and out rolled the head of the culprit "We regret exceedingly, your excellency," said they with much Spanish cere mony, and 'bowing to the earth, "but this is all of him we could fetch back with us." The general accepted their apology. .3 CMOteg (Katteaa Heat It is hinted nt the Navy Department that plans are being formulated foi the acquirement of coaling stations foi the use of our warships which will de fend the isthmian canal. Now that the treaty is signed and England has sub mitted to our demand that we defend the canal according to our wishes, it has become incumbent upon our Navy Department to make'such preparations as are necessary for the maintenance of a fleet in the vicinity' of the pro posed canal. The stations will be es tablished at Almirante Bay, the Chi riqni Lagoon, Colombia; the Gulf of Duice, Costa Rica, the Danish West Indies and the Gallapagoos Island, off the coast and belonging to Ecuador. Admiral Dewey says the canal can be defended only by the navy. Rear Ad miral Brandford, chief of the Bureau of Equipment and a member of the Naval War Board, says the defense of the canal will be the guns of the Am erican fleet and In order that the fleet may operate from near-by bases it is necessary that they be established without delay. Army and Navy Jour nal. A Flfhttar BaglaMat. Back of the simple announcement that the Twenty-third United States infantry arrived at New York on De cember 1 on the United States trans port Buford, there is a story which constitutes one of the most picturesque chapters in the history of the Spanish war. In the three and a half years which have passed since it sailed from San .Francisco for Manila this regi ment has foaght in nearly every island of the Philippine archipelago which has been entered by the American ar my. It has taken part in mere than fifty battles and -Innumerable skir mishes, and though fighting a half savage enemy in an unknown country. It has never known defeat For eigh teen months it has pursued the treach erous insurgents through strange is lands, thrashing them wherever It found them, and It now comes home with the Distinction of being the only regiment of the regular army of the United States that has ever circum navigated the globe. Army and Navy Journal. A DMNtwri Naval Maa. The principjle embodied in the re cent decision of the United States Su preme Court, that the Philippines arc a part of the United States, was re cently applied in a novel way by the secretary of the navy. He was called upon to rale ia the case ot an enlisted man who. deserted from the navy In the Philippines nearly three years ago, and who claimed immunity from pun ishment under the regulation which provides that a deserter who remains within the boundaries of the United States for two years cannot be prose cuted after the expiration of that pe riod. The secretary decided that as, the Philippines are American territory the plea was good, and the complaint was therefore dismissed. 'Army anc Navy Journal. Imtm Lteatoaaat Mek. After a service of twenty-one yean in the United States navy and a long period ot honorable retirement Lieut Horace F. Frick died recently at Phil adelphia. The last cruise of Lieut Frick was on the Nipsic, which was attached to the United States squadron at Apia, on the Island Upolu, Samoa group, at the time of the destructive hurricane of March, 1899, when several warships were sunk and many lives were lost BUlltaty Sen It) Get Watte Adjutant General Phlsterer of the New York National Guard has dis covered an old law forbidding the imi tation of chevrons and soldier straps used by the militia, and has notified the various military schools of the state that they must abandon the prac tice. WkM 0tpt of Um WmM. Ia the supplement issued wttfc ilK Chamber of Commerce Journal ef (hi month there are given' special reports on the Paris international exhibition ol last year. In the report on vine cul ture Sir James Blyth enumerates thf ascertained results of the wine indus try of the world. The total productior of wine in 1990 is put down at 3,618, 700.000 gallons. Of this total, 3.403. 090,000 . gallons were produced in Eu rope and 206,000,000 gallons In Ameri ca, while the British empire, with a vastly larger area than Europe and embracing every variety of soil and cli mate, is only represented by a produc tion of some 9.000,000 gallons, or n four hundredth part' of the whole. France, with a yield of 1,482,000,000 gallons stands easily first as the leading win producer. Her contribution was about half the yield of all Europe and con siderably more than a third of that o; the entire globe. London Chronicle. f XMIcr Kal fa 1909 there was about one boiler explosion dally, on the average in the United States, and there were 788 vic tims of ' explosions during the year In Great Britain during the same year .there were only twenty-four person? killed by boiler explosions and onlx sixty-five wounded eighty-nine vlc- TMaa- te DU't Gtt "Welt my little man.", said the preacher, the day after, "did you get everything you. expected to on Christ mas?" "Nope. I didn't get one thing ma told me I was goiag to get" "In deed And what was that?" "The stummlck' ache." The man oa the sidewalk sees more of the procession thaa the drum maJoi - doubted the WMY JOHN WANAMAKER ftCfstAMED FROM AWARDING A PRIZE. That John Wanamaker, the million aire merchant and former Postmaster General of the United' States,' superin tends a Sunday school in addition to his other Interests is current history, but there is a chapter ia that history which hitherto has not been published. It is called the story of the prize which was never awarded. Mr. Waaamaker's school had convened as usual on a bright Sunday morning, and Mr. Wan amaker announced before "recitation that he would confer a substantial money prize upon the pupil who gave the best answer to the following ques tion: "Whom do you love above all others?" Upon the announcement a number of little hands went up. Mr. Wanamaker selected one of the children, and said, "Well, whom do you love best?" It was a little girl, who replied: "I love my brother best" Mr. Wanamaker was much pleased. He said that the love of a sister for her brother was one of the sweetest affections, because, as long as broth ers and sisters loved one another there could not be discord in families. Then he asked the little girl's name. "Bessy Crawford," she replied. Then he proposed the question .to, a boy. "I love my parents best" the lad re plied. 'Mr. Wanamaker was once more highly pleased, and spoke at length upon the fourth commandment, and the lesson derived therefrom. WWWWAWWWWWWWWWWWWMWWWWWWWWWMWWWW .SOU SkLSkL&LJkLSkL Jfcjfi&jfii M Jit Would Save Maoris from T$k Mavsaaeat ta Preserve aa aMfrllaTlftTwfTwTlwTiBVBnf?! Considerable progress is being made in connection with the movement for providing a school for Maori girls. His excellency the governor 'and Lady Ran furly have, in furtherance of the scheme, recently had a most interest ing gathering in the ballroom at Gov ernment House, Wellington. At one end of the room was a group of Maori chiefs, their dark faces and grizzled heads forming a picturesque dado round the gleaming amber-colored walls. To some of the chiefs present their surroundings must have been strange, though they never lost their self-possession or dignity, aad their eyes never wandered down the rows of people in idle curiosity. A few of them carried meres or clubs. The governor in a short opening speech im pressed on his hearers the necessity of educating the Maori girls, the future wives and mothers of the race." Among the more prominent items of the pro gramme was a Maori song by the chiefs. Then Rev. F. Bennett (one of the native-race), who Is devoting him self to this crusade, addressed the gathering. In picturesque metaphor he showed the necessity of aiding the Maoris to day, who, if official returns are to be believed, and no aid comes from their white brothers, are dying as a race. In speaking about the question of dress. Mr. Bennett told a humorous tale of an old Maori who came into n I MWWWWWWMWWWWMMWWMWWWWWMWWMWMAMMMI Woman Owner of Mag nificent Texas Ranch. Mrs. C. N. Whitman of Denver owns the largest ranch of any woman In the world. It is located in Texas, near Tascosa, and is called the L. SI ranch, after Luclen Scottthe first owner. The ranch is thirty miles square, and is devoted entirely to eattle raising. Hun dreds of cowboys are employed upon it nnd boarded at houses some miles dis tant from the residence. The weather gets very hot in summer, and dust storms blow for weeks from the same direction. It is also a difficult place to bring up children because of the lack of . educational advantages. Therefore Mrs. Whitman makes her home in Den ver, although she is absent a great deal, both at the ranch and in Eu rope. This great tract of land was original ly transferred to Mr. Scott by the state of Texas', in return for funds advanced for the state capitol building. Mr. nnd Mrs. Scott lived there for many years, Mrs. Scott's brother. Charles Whitman, being connected with the place. After a time Mr. Scott died. Mrs. Scott put her brother in charge, and he insti tuted a new policy of management which vastly Increased the value of the WyWWWAWWWWWWWMIMMWWWMWWVWWWMMtWWWWWW A KMtuiut IacMcmt. It was in a fashionable restaurant and at about 7 o'clock in the evening, says the New York Post A young man of ordinary appearance sat at a table, and after, studying over the bill of fare for some time, ordered canvas back duck. After a long wait it ar rived in its glory of trimmings and was set before him. The go'rgeous ness of the celery-fed fowl roused his suspicions and he said to the waiter: "How much?" He turned pale when the waiter said, "three fifty." and rushed to the desk with the bill of fare in his hand. The proprietor happened to be there nnd the young man showed him where a printer's blunder had been made,, and the nought dropped from the bill, and explained that he had but 35 cents to pay with. He was excited and talked so loudly that all In the neighborhood heard him as he begged to be let off. The proprietor gald It was all right and to sit down nnd order what ne could afford. The young man, however, was too badly eared to remain, nnd left the place. An hour inter the dish was served to some one, who really wanted It OM X Slawerlr. - The needlework ' picture seems to have made Its first appearance in the first years of the reign of Charles 1. for although Elizabethan and Jacobean are said to exist one with aa absolutely unimpeachable. pedigree is yet to be found, nnd the costumes in the oldest speclBteus the writer has yet seea eer- mmSSi Boy's Sincerity i ! This little boy. when asked his name, said that it was Eddfe Brady. The next answer was from a boy who had been impatiently attempting to attract Mr. Waaamaker's attention ever since the announcement of "the prise. At last the boy was naked: "Aad whom do yon love best say boy?" "I love our Redeemer the beat of all," was the aaswer. "Ah," exclaimed Mr. Wanamaker, "that is the answer; for it embraces all the' others." In a really eloquent speech the former cabinet member poiated out that the love of the Re deemer was the ldeaHaatloa of all Christianity, and eulogised the spirit which- had prompted the Finally, after a well-rounded tlon, which would have done honor to any pulpit or clergymaa, Mr. Wana maker turned to the boy aad request ed his name. "My name," came the proad reply, "vas Levi Guggenhelmer!" The Philadelphia papers contained a report the next morning statlag that John Wanamaker was seriously indisposed. It was particularly noticed at the recent New Kaglaad dlaaer ta Phila delphia that the speech of Chinese Minister Wu easily outshone all the others so far aa good English was concerned. Among the orators of the evening were Justice Brewer, Mr. Hamlin, Mr. Hill and Mr. Cockraa. Jat jfe. at afe SUafcJa& auUBftttaataathnl I Australian IwTtff s Tfif hV Tfi aa northern town from a village some miles away, one hot summer's day. He had a little money and wanted to buy European clothes in the store. He stood puzzled by the choice of rai ment At last his gaze fell on a yel low oilskin coat gay with red flannel linings. To this he added a comforter and a sou'wester, aad, thus attired, strutted in the sunshine outside, aw bare legs showing below the coat All day he showed off his finery In the streets, but in the evening Mr. Bennett found him sitting outside a hut with nothing but a shawl twisted around his waist "Where are your clothes?" asked the clergyman. "Too hot; no good," said the old man. In summer money Is fairly plentiful with the Maoris, and the natives buy clothes and wear flannel and sub stantial materials. In winter, when money is scarce, they are often reduced to straits, and their clothing Is of the most flimsy nature. This causes great mortality. The little children especial ly suffer through the ignorance of their mothers, and Mr. Bennett gave many sad Instances where n knowledge of diet and nursing would have saved the lives of the babies. Ia one district the poor Maori mothers were told flour was a good food for Infants. Probably baked flour was meant hat the woman used It raw, mixed with water, and not one of the children survived. Pall Mall Gazette. ranch. Mrs. Scott became intensely la terested intheosophy and was a devot ed follower of Annie Besant She de sired to devote her entire time to the new cult and to be freed from nil other care and responsibility. Therefore she made salsfactory business arrange ments with her brother, nnd he be came owner of the ranch. At his death in Denver n year or two ago his wife became owner of one of the largest ranches in the world, and the very largest owned by a woman. Mrs. Whitman understands Its' man agement thoroughly. When dowa there she rides over If from day to day on horseback, and keeps herself thorough ly informed as to its needs. She knows both ends of the business; how to raise cattle and how to sell them profitably. She is a splendid office womaa and comprehends every detail in the man agement of her vast property Interests. Delight depends on denial. There never was a time when the sense of manhood was more aeeded than it is to-day, there are vast possi bilities to human nature. Rev. H. M. Sanders, Baptist Boston, Mass. talnly indicate that they caaaot be signed to a date before 130. The ear liest Stuart pictures are worked with silks on coarse, irregularly woven brownish linen canvas. In the fine, slanting stlttfh taken over a single thread, which is technically known as "tent stitch." or petit point This method of working produced an effect much resembling that of tapestry, fey which, indeed, the embroidered picture was probably suggested. As time went on the simple stitchery was elaborated, portions of the design be ing wrought in silver "passing" a fiat metallic thread passed through the material instead . of being applied; hence its name. The Connoisseur. T f rrigato ft Cmttti Baltimore' capitalists, headed fey General John- GUI, president of the Mercantile Trust and Deposit Com panyare to organise n company to de velop aa irrigation system to Califor nia. It is said that 87.a,A9 has al ready been put up nnd that a tract of 140,000 acres in the Rinlto Plateau, San Bernardino county, has been se lected for working. Suay T Disferaat Each day of the week is observed aa Sunday by some nation. The'first day of the week is our Chrietma Saaday; Monday is the sacred day of the Greeks; Tuesday Is the holy day of the Persians; Wednesday of the Assyr ians; Thursday of the Egyptians; Fri day of the Turks, aad Saturday of the Jews. FABH AND GARDEN. MATTERS F NiTERCST CULTUMtTS TO Cala Ylttamltaxa ', IttlMV. Review: There are vary taw fear who make anything like a specialty of trait growlag. The traits which are a success at all are those that aatare protects or those that are strong enough to breast the saddem changes of climate aad lasect pasts. Perhaps the moat successful of the small fruits is the strawberry. The reason for this is that they are easily covered with straw fey the farmer, or, If aoglectod by him an protected fey the rank growth af weeds that spring ap after the fruiting season. This protects them from the sudden aad fresaeat early spriag changes ia tem perature. Cherries are generally a successful crap, especially the Early Rlcamoad. The Into cherries are very seldom of maeh acconat because of their lasect amy, which the early cherry, to a greater or less degree, escapes. The Ceacord grapes are more or less of a depeadlag oa the spriag They are vary seldom a total failure. Among the larger fruits the apple is, doubtless the most sure crop. Bat with apples perhaps the oldest and most common varieties are the surest Ameag the lata apples are the Ben Da vis, Daldwla aad WiUowtwtg. Among the early varieties are Snow, Dutchess of Oideabarg aad Hlghtop Sweets. Although there are many others, both early aad lata which very oftea bear, they are more apt to be affected by climatic changes. Among the pears the Old Birkett pear aad the Kiefer are the most cer tala. I have not mentioned the plum nor the raspberry and blackberry. The plum is too much affected by insects, especially the late plums. The wild goose plum gives very often a good crop. The dry weather seriously In jures the production of raspberries aad blackberries when they escape the spriag "freeslag aad thawing" period. -43. E. Burt, Marshall County, Illinois. eettMltanl la the growing of bush beans n good deal of science can be used, but set doss is. This kind ot produce is so easily raised that the grower thinks any method will do. If more care were ased larger aad better crops would be grown. As a usual thing the beans are thrown lato the land in any way, aad they are covered without aay special regard to the best depth. More care would iadeed cost something In the way of care, but would give good returns. As to depth of covering, one to oao aad taree-foarths laches has beea found to be the best In the row the stalks should not stand nearer to gether thaa four laches and four and oae-half laches betweea them is bet ter. Mulching appears aot to have given good returns for the work done. Ia years of abundant rainfall It has beea fouad to bo detrimental, but has given soma increase ia very dry years. As a whole. It is perhaps of doubtful value for beans. ' Trass that have beea injured by root-freetlng can seldom be samcleatry recovered to bo very valuable ia aa orchard. If such trees are to be kept la the orchard at alL they should be pruned back quite severely. This does aot mean that the large limbs are to fee cut off doss np to the trunk. Any considerable amoant of this kind of pruning is destructive to the vitality of the tree. But where the smaller branches are pruned back well, a growth of bow wood is encouraged, not oaly oa the smaller branches, but In the large limbs. The hard freeze of several years ago gave opportun ity for experimentation in this matter. The trees that were butchered (had their best limbs cut off) generally died. The trees that were not pruned at all broke dowa when the fruiting time came, while the trees severely bat reasonably pruned made enough new wood to be able to bear their loads of fruit Some time ago the Iowa State Horti cultural Society sent out circulars of inquiry afe to the apples that can bo surely grown la all parts of Iowa. About 15 answers were received. From these the secretary of the society com piled a list of apples that can be count ed on to grow in that state. This list is aa follows: Oldenberg, Yellow Transparent Longfleld, Teltofsky, Red Astrachaa, Plumb Cider, Walbridge, Wealthy, Wolf River and one crab Whitney No. 20. Of these 6 are sum mer apples, 3 fall apples and only one the Walbridge a long-keeping win ter apple. That illustrates the trouble that apple growers have to get long keeping apples. 'ImtcmImc ampfUmm mt Gam. Where game protection laws are en forced the supplies of game increase rapidly. This Is a matter of consider able importance, as there are large stretches of country where the land is of no value except for the development of forest area aad Increase of game. These two may be developed side by side. While we are trying to preserve our forests we can at the same time Increase their value aad profit by In creasing the returns they give us of game. In the Adirondack mountains the laws have been fairly well en forced for several years, and nil game has iacreased enormously. During the open season that closed about Novem ber 15, It Is estimated that 6.000 deer were killed In those mountains. 'To most people this comes as a surprise, as it is popularly supposed that the hunters have long ago destroyed all of the larger game and most of the small er. But these animals persist and when given protection multiply rapid ly. This is especially true of the game birds. Wiater whaak. . From Farmers Review: Men have very different ideas as to the propriety of pasturing winter wheat One man may pasture his wheat and Justly thiak that he has aot pastured it too closely, aad from the results conclude that pastarlag wheat is a great disad vantage to It; in fact he thinks he knows that he haa injured his wheat vary materially, although he knows that ho has aot pastured it very close ly at aay time. Another man may pasture his wheat aa closely as the other one did his,' aad perhaps closer, and at harvest conclude that he had greatly' benefited his wheat by pastar lag ft Now. I think it is probable that aeither of these mea were mis taken. The oae injured his wheat by pastariag it at the wrong time, aad tha ether benefited his wheat fey pas turing It at the right time. I thiak Bww tJp.ss.lW WJaai vesfan of the Sail ttmil nTrtlaa Mmtm, si aay kind at stock the cornea oat of the groaad (any Usee fee f ere it stasis eat) it will Injure ft Tety materially ami prehahly hill R. if pastured very closely after It made a good growth aad ta wall stool ed oat it win do it aa harm, provided the stock to taken off before the wheat Jelats. Every stalk of wheat that is bitten off below the jolat after It has jolatad is killed. 8ow wheat early enough so that It may get a good growth ia the fall. Don't pasture it before It Is well stooled oat " Daa't pasture wheat when the ground Is very wet aad muddy. Boat pasture It after It has Jointed. Pasture wheat all you Ilka after It Is well stooled oat and before It Joints (bat aot ia the mad). Pastarlag wheat that Is too tala oa the groaad is a great advantage to It because pastarlag It makes It stool oat much more thaa If aot paatared. B. S. Miles, Franklin County, Missouri. Is These Ttmm Um the From Farmers Review: I propose to discuss this question from the standpoint aad in the Interest of the mall farmer of, say. 109 or 90 acres, who raises a few colts yearly primar ily for his own use, and, secoadarily, to sell. And. of coarse, our point of view ia quite different from that ot the dealer, the city buyer and aser or the stallloner. I will -Just give my idea of the general purpose horse. He should be a solid colored horse, deep blood hay preferred, weight anywhere from 1,100 to 1.500; he must be com pact have a short back, long square quarters, loag sloping shoulders with long neck set right oa top of the shoulders, rouad body, breast full and rather broad, with good limbs under him aad a clean head Indicative ot a good disposition. He must be a tough aad hardy fellow with vim aad cour age, aad all the style aad action oao can get ditto speed; but I would place first a fast .walk and an easy, friction less trot In short, I would have him as near a model coacher as possible without sacrificing nnythlng of rugged strength and endurance. Now, is there any place on our farm for this horse? Well, should smile! There is ao plane anywhere, except the speedway, that he Is not par excellence the horse. At the heaviest farm work he will knock the stuffing out ot the drafter, and for road work ho will be good enough for any farmer, aad he is always salable. The average horse of this class will generally sell for a profitable price anywhere aad ev erywhere. The fine drafter Is a aofele fellow and I love him. bat wo small farmers cant afford to raise him for what our market will pay. This may not be orthodox In theory, but I know it will figure that way in practice. With the mares we have and the stair lions available to most of us, we. raise so many that won't quite pass, which we hardly know what to do with, that an occasional prize, even if we get 200 for him, wont pay the bills. The trotter nnd the thoroughbred are worse. We get a motley mixture of misfits, which are of no use in any place not even for bolognas. How is -this horse most easily pro duced? I think this horse is more easily approximated In a profitable way than any other. We may produce him either by line breeding or by cross-breeding. Right here I must di gress a little. I believe the Creator holds us responsible for the right ass of everything he entrusts to our care our talents, our farms, and our breed ing stock. If a farmer does not leave his farm better than he got it he com mits a sin. If I breed horses it Is my duty to Improve my stock as much as my circumstances will permit This alone would prevent me from cross breeding, though I believo It skillfully followed very satisfactory results could be attained almost Immediately; but for breeding purposes the stock would not be worth more at the ead of one's life thaa It was at the start For the small farmer I think the (so called) French Coacher is the horse. First more of the qualities wanted are inherent in the breed nnd can reason ably be expected to be reproduced thaa ia aay other variety of horse known. I consider him quite a good general purpose horse, but he don't seem to be prepotent in style and action. I know of only one family of horses which are. Second, a fairly good stal lion of this breed Is available In al most every neighborhood. Wm. 8. Fehr, Stephenson County. Illinois. lariat Wtn-Omt Lead. From the Farmers' Review: Tweaty five years ago I was forced to practic ally ascertain the best way to restore the exhausted fertility of an Illinois farm. I had bought oae of the oldest in this part of the state. The soil was naturally good, but it had been con tinually cropped and poorly tilled, so that we had to pull the longest of our first crop of oats and carry It for bands to tie the bundles. Our corn yielded 25 to 30 bushels per acre, when others got from 40 to 60. By seeding with grass and feeding all that was produced and considerable purchased grain, to sheep, cows and hogs, care fully saving nnd applying all manure, I succeeded in increasing the crop-producing elements in that soil 50 per cent In six years. I consider this the only practical way to restore a wora out farm. Mixed farmlag. with good Ullage, rotation of crops and stock raiting combined is the only way to maintain the fertility of any farm. Humus Is necessary for the develop ment and preparation of the plant food In the solL The only way to maintain the supply Is to plow under vegetable growth or add decayed or decaying or ganic matter. William West Peoria County, Illinois. Dhttaaca Aaart ta Ptaat C For a good many years experiments have been made at the different sta tions in this country and Canada as to the distance apart to plant corn to get the best yields. Of course, much de pends on the kind of corn grown and oa the purpose for which it Is being grown. Corn for fodder can be plant ed closer together than can corn that Is wanted to produce grain. Recent ex periments in Canada would seem to Indicate that corn can be profitably grown much closer than has ordinarily been supposed. The more common practice is to have the rows of corn 30 Inches or 3 feet apart. In these Ca nadlan experiments corn was grown in rows 21. 28; 35 and 42 inches apart In the Maritime provinces, Manitoba and the Northwest, the largest yields of corn and stalks were obtained from 21 Inches apart At Ottawa, Learning corn sown in drills 21 Inches apart gave a total yield per acre of 30 teas and 538 pounds per acre, when cut in the early milk stage. Such corn, how ever, is suited only to the silo or to he ased as fodder for cattle. Cranberries are grown" in" bogs that cost from 8300 to $500 an acre. that if g sects or wheat asar FAREWELL Lincoln's lmtmmttm lite DamXvUf N the 11th of 18C1. the for Mr. Lincoln's are from Springfield wars completed. It was intend ed to occupy the time re malaiag betweea that data aad the 4th of March with a graad tour from state to state and city to city. One Mr. Wood, "recoai mended by 8eaator Seward.- was the chief manager. He provided traias to be preceded by pilot all the way through. It was a gloomy day; heavy clouds oated overhead, aad a cold raia falling. Long before eight o'clock, a great mass ot people had collected at the station of the Great Western rail way to witness the event of the day. At precisely five miautes before eight Mr. Lincoln, preceded by Mr. Wood, emerged from a private room In the depot building, and passed slowly to the car. the people falling back respect fully on eitner side, and as many as possible shaking his hands. Having finally reached the train, he ascended the rear platform, aad, facing about to the throng which had closed around him, drew himself np to his full height removed his hat. and stood for several seconds In profound silence. His eye roved sadly-over that sea of upturned faces, and he thought he read in them again the sympathy aad friendship which he had oftea tried, and which he never needed more than ho did then. There was an unusual quiver in his Up. and n still more un usual tear oa his shriveled cheek. His solemn manner, his long silence, were as full of melancholy eloquence as any words he could have uttered. What did he think of? Of the mighty changes which had lifted him from the lowest to the highest estate oa earth? Of the weary road which had brought him to this lofty summit? Of his poor mother lying beneath the tangled underbrush in a distant forest? Of that other grave in the quiet Concord cemetery? Whatever the particular character ot his thoughts, it is evident that they were retrospective and palnfuL To those wno were anxiously waiting to catch words upon which the fate of the nation might hang, it seemed long until he had mastered his feelings suf ficiently to speak. At length he began In n husky tone of voice, and slowly and impressively delivered his farewell to his neighbors. Imitating his exam ple, every man in the crowd stood with his head uncovered in the fast-falling rain. "Friends No one who has never been placed in a like position can un derstand my feelings at this hour, nor the oppressive sadness I feel at this parting. For more than a quarter of n century I have lived among you. and during all that time I have re ceived nothing but kindness at your hands. Here I have lived from my rmmnTiiimiiiiiiiiiiMHliilK MrRe to i CftH t fm.c - .-. 2 ti.iilillilMIIIIIII'""""1"""""1 """" CITIZEN of Spriagfield." says Mr. Herndon, a life long friend of Lincoln, "who visited our office oa business about a year bo fore Mr. Lincoln's nom ination, relates tbe fol lowing: "'Mr. Lincoln was seated at his table, listening very attentively to a man who was talking earnestly In n low tone. After tbe would-be client had stated the facts of his case, Mr. Lincoln replied, "Yes, there is no rea sonable doubt but that I can gain your case for you. 1 can set a whole neighborhood at loggerheads; I can distress a widowed mother and her six fatherless children, and thereby get for you six hundred dollars, which rightfully belongs, it appears to me. as much to the woman nnd her children as It uoes to you. Tou must remem ber that some things that are legally right are not morally right I shall not take your case, but will give you a little advice, for which I will charge you nothing. Tou seem to be n sprightly, energetic man. I would ad vise you to try your hand at making six hundred dollars la some other way."'" I TWI M SWS. "1 sliiiMsiWAAtAAAAfctMMAt1rr1iflsiflliasi R. LINCOLN was prone to adventures in which pigs were the other party. A very popular and well-known one is from the pen of Miss Owen; and here is another, from an incorrigible humorist, a lawyer, named J. H. Wick izer: "In 1855 Mr. Lincoln and myself were traveling by buggy from Wood ford County Court to Bloomington. III., and in passing through a little grove, we suddenly heard the terrific squeal ing of a little pig near by us. Quick as thopght, Mr. Lincoln leaped out of the buggy, seized a club, pounced upon the old sow, and beat her lustily; she was in the act of eatiag one of her young ones. Thus he saved the pig. and then remarked. 'By JIng! the un natural old brute shall aot devour her own progeny!' This. I think, was his first proclamation ot freedom." But Mr. Wlckizer gives as another $ mtr 9aam iJjdtjMxWmSmk szmaflVclim nBsariZw jubT aWQaaTJsasssm naaaajpaaftyUV asss s bbbbbbss uhwaaajr Manr Aauaumd Aebbbbst raBBBBWfeTwSrP'gmBBBBBBn- ' fSinPfP MOTOPnrmpirTTTMT Sfir TO HIS FRIENDS. SpiicK at Spftsfcayftsjli for Wffhanajtfu . youth, until aow I the that directed and guide aad support me. I aheJI aot fail I shall succeed. Lot aa aH pray that the God of oar fathers may net for sake us aow. To him 1 i nmm sat yew aO. PermK me to salt that with eaaal security nnd faith, yaw will Invoke hlo urmdom and guidance far mel With these few words 1 mast leave yoa; for how long I know net Friends, oao aad all , I mast now .aid yoa aa affec tionate farewell." "It was- a most Impressive said the editor of the JoaraaL have haowa Mr. Lincoln for years; we have hoard him a hundred different aeeaateas; feat we aever saw him so profoundly affeeted, aor did he ever utter aa address which seemed, to as so fall of almplo aad touchiag eloquence, so exactly adapted to the occasloa, so worthy of the man nnd the hoar. At 8 o'clock tha trala raked oat of Springfield amid the cheers of the pop ulace. Four years later a funeral teaks, covered with the emblems of sfdeadM moaralag, rolled lato the same city, hearlag a discolored corpse, whoso ob sequies were being celebrated la every, part' of the civilised world. , ....um.. ............ ..IIMf ....... ........... j HEN - Bewlla Greene, a Mfeleag friend, died, ia 1842. Mr. Uacela, then la the enjoy ment of great weal reputation, aader- took to deliver a funeral oratloa over the remains of his beloved friend; but whoa ho rose to speak, his voice was choked with! deep emotion; he stood a few mo ments, while hw lips-quivered ia the effort, to form 'the words ot praise he sought to -utter, aad the t ran dowa his .yellow and shriveled cheeks. Some of those who fame to hear him, aad saw his tall farm thus sway la sileace over the body af Raw lin Greene, say he looked so helpless, so utterly bereft and pitiable, that every heart la the audience hushed at the spectacle. After ed efforts, he fouad It speak, aad strode away, openly bitterly sohhlag, to the widow's car riage, la which he was drivea treat the sceae. Bowlia Greene had loaned Mr. Llacola books from their earliest acquaintance, aad oa oae occasloa had takea him. to his home, and cared for him with the solicitude of a devoted friend through several weeks of great suffering aad peril. story, which most happily Illustrates the readiaess of Mr. Lincoln's witi "In 1858, in the court nt.Btoomlng toa. Mr. Llacola was eagaged la a case of no great Importance; but the at torney on the other aide, Mr. 8 . a young lawyer of fine abilities (now a Judge of the Supreme Court of the State), was always very sensitive about being beaten, and In this case manifested unusual seal aad Interest. The case lasted until late at night. whea it was finally submitted to the jury. Mr. S speat a sleepless aigat in anxiety, and early next moratag learned, to his great chagrin, that he had lost the case. Mr. Lincoln met hlra at the court house, and ashed him what had become of his case. With lugubrious countenance and choly tone, Mr. S said, 'It's hell. 'Ob, well!' replied Hassle. fcM -c-nii'll ma it aaaJaV" . a w aa avw aw : i Itostrs Staff ataty. A .iiiniuiniuiiMmiiiiiim.itMlil,liuM INCOLN possessed the Ju dicial quality ef mlad la a degree so eminent and it was so universally .recog nised, that he aever could atteBd n horserace without being importuned to act as a judge, or witness n hot without assuming the reapeasfbUtty ot a stakeholder. "Ia the spring or anm mer of 1832." says Henry McHoary. "I had a horse race with George Warhur ten. I got Lincoln.who was at the race. to be a hidae of the race, much bin- will aad after hard Llacola decided correctly; aad the oth er Jadge said: 'Llacola Is the fairest nan I ever had to deal with; if Lla cola is ia this country whea I die. I want him to be my admlnlsUatet;' for he is the oaly man I ever met with that was wholly and unaslfiahly hoa- eat.'" His ineffable purity la mining the result of a scree actually set his colleague to thanking of his latter end. Whatever be your talents, whatever"' be your prospects, never speculate away oa a chance .of a palace that, which yoa may ased sa a pravisleav against the Womea who waat more righto don't aeed aay legislation to get them; all they've got to do la to take A poor view well takea is factory thaa a ana eld maaw most sacred ties af earth were assumed. Hero all- mychlldrea -war horn; aad fear oao af them Mob buried. To yon. dear frieade. I owe all that I have, an that I am. All the aow apoa my mlad. To-day I lauv you. -1 go to assums.a task mere dif ficult thaa that which devolved upon Wasatagtoa. Ualese the sweat Ood. was assisted him. saaOfeo with aad aid sat. I mast faU; but If the same eaaalsdeat mtad aad- almighty ana pceeetted Mai shall m .-fiat -LaufvvfrJgaaaV .jWBmmWKJPJfit-BBh X f 4 XI .1 jfe Hffifr -sare -: .7.. re. t jr. P-3l iSw- 9J-m ."'' " rjgggfeaSp Jxri -.