Newspaper Page Text
ii . m . f- i . j-fc-"' A-, . . - .-j - , . r r .fc---j.if.t-' ti1 uw." i-ii. ..i -....ry.. r-- wwiwwT hh ;- -r IR; T? v )-. vIBIBBft HsssssTSbbbbbbbbbLbbbbbK i "igi 9c.ocTxXlr LsBHN9HflKl SSSSB BBSS BBBBBBr BBBBBSUBBl BSSSSB BBSSSSr SSSSrBS BaUSSS? BSSSSSSSSfBSBSBai if uvpvvkmi vp TV .eBBBBBS3ewSr vanh997Tssn bsssy 'pHS BBsss3s6jr iU Ttft- w 5bBH "EBsSi bbbbbw LJj SMBsasSflBRJaJf"" -v to tba nchttes A. health to the nxhtlna nan! The man with a rea sum in nis eye , A ghat that flows to a tender fleam for the old as In the sky. Ta the man who dares and the man who cares for. the good old IT. 8. A.. Who hears the brunt in the battle front and hurries to the fray. health to him our soldier pin with the warllsbt in his eye. Who tunes his life to the shrilling flf and knows the why to die. . A health to the fighting nan! The man all Innocent of sham. " Who pays the due of a loyal heart at the shrine of Uncle Sam; .Wm bears our load on the weary road that leads to a distant peace. . And asks no halt till he finds the fault. and the roars of cannon cea; May the throb and thrum of the rolllng drum be promise to his ears Of the Joyous day when he'll come away to hear a nation's cheers. A health to the fighting- man! The man with Impulse clean and clear; We hold bis riaht as a gallant knight without reproach or tear. - When the bugle sings and the bullet rings and the saber flashes bright. Slay be feel the aid of the prayers prayed to guard Mm In the fight: May good luck ride on either side and save him for the grasp Of the friendly r.and in his native land that's yearning for the clasp. W. D. Xesbtt. In tae Baltimore Amer- Vot James F. Morrison was born in Phil adelphia, October, 1840. He was grad uated from the Philadelphia High School, and at the outbreak of the civil war carolled In April. 1861. He was mastered In Company K. Second regi ment, Pennsylvania Reserves. May 27. 1861. and participated In all that came to soldier life with the Army of the Potomac until December 13, 1862. at Fredericksburg. Va.. when, as a mem ber of the color guard, he was left des perately wounded and made a pris oner after the magnificent charge of the Pennsylvania Reserves at Hamil ton's Crossing. Comrade Morrison paid the penalty of incarceration in Libby prison, and was mustered out June 10, 1864, dis abled for life, his wounds and scars being the best evidence of his valor. He has been a member of George G. Meade Post, No. 1, for twenty years; was Its adjutant in 1892; assistant in spector general in 1833; again adju- tant of the post in 1894. resigning that postttoa when he was appointed assist ant adjutant general of the depart ment in the same year. He was reap pointed adjutant general in 1895. and again in 1896, resigning in November ef .the latter year. In 1898 Comrade . Morrison was a member of the execu tive committee of the National Coun cil of Administration. At the department encampment held at Gettysburg. June 7, 1899, he was by a rising vote of the delegates pres ent unanimously elected department commander of Pennsylvania, Grand Army of the Republic. Kept Their Floan "After our return from the Knox ville march in December, 1863, we went into winter quarters at McAfee's church, not far from Chickamauga. We built small log houses, 12 by 14 feet, each with a three-foot fireplace and a chimney of sticks and clay mud. Most of the clay used by our company . to daub the shanties was taken from a large hole in the rear of the little cabin occupied by Humphreyvill, Mo nasters, Haynes. Tweedy, Roe, and myself, and we all have good reason to remember it The hole had been left open by order of Capt Sturgis. as a dumping place for company refuse, but the boys put It to better use. "At that time we were still on short rations, and tne boys were continually hungry. In this mood they were tempted by 500 barrels of flour piled up near the government bakery, where the commissary proposed to hake bread every day for the division. His intentions were good, but he could not supply the demand, and Haynes, McMasters and Wilson planned to steal a barrel of flour and hide it n the clay hole. They succeeded, but as eighteen other barrels were stolen the same night the business was ovr-. done and an investigation was order ed. "Our barrel of flour was hid in th3 clay hole and brush thrown over it, and dirt from the quarters was swept carelessly about the brush. When Cast. Sturgis found the clay hole fill ed with brush-he swore until the air was blue, and we asked Sergt With row to explain to him confidentially why the brush was there. Then there was another explosion, but the cap tain finally agreed to 'et the brush re man, that day and say no more about the matter. That afternoon the whole division was ordered out on drill and theifjuarters searched for the missing oar,, but not a barrel was found, al though oar captain knew what was in thereby hole. Chicago Inter Ocean. A Bravo the visitors in Dallas daring the 'reunion was Lieut-Col. John L. Clem, deputy quartermaster general, TJ. M. A, now stationed at San Anto- OsL Clem is the youngest and per haps, the bravest soldier who served a the Uakm side during the civil war. He'seared nothing and earned marked amtiBCtioa in all the battles in which he served, bat principally so at Shiloh and Chickamauga. la 1841, when only 9 years old, he sftrovafarassalesion to the Third Ohio regiment hat was rejected oa account of h youth. While the regimeat was ea.'tts way to the front he installed hlsasiir oa the train and when it ar rival' la Cincinnati tendered his serv ices to the Twenty-third Michigan, la whisk he was enrolled as a drummer fcwy.v Meaw-weve Ma experiences ia """ fcsssnawvws'sws " . . IhihwHliaill Til by a shell at Pittsburgh Landing, ani at Shiloh, when the Union forces wen wavering, he beat the long roll in front of the enemy, rallying the TJnlcs army. At Chickamauga when the Unios troops had fallen back, leaving a brl gade hehtad to guard the position, hi regiment was among those composinf that brigade They were surroundec by Confederates and a colonel ia graj uniform and on horseback dashed for ward and commanded the little fellow to surrender. For answer Johnny seized a musket from a fallen comrade and shot the colonel from his horse For this act he was promoted to tht rank of sergeant by Gen. Thomas. The drummer boy thought he deserved bet ter, and. turning to the general, in quired: "Is that all you are going tc do for me?" At Chickamauga threo bullets pierced his cap. In 1871 President Grant honored him with a commission as second lieu tenant He was graduated from the artillery school at Fortress Monroe in 1874 and subsequently by appointment by the Secretary of War became mili tary instructor at the Galesburg Uni versity. In 1895 he was made a major and quartermaster and more recently was made a lieutenant-colonel and deputy quartermaster general. Eagle Wost Tares Civil War. How many have heard of "Old Abe," the real live American eagle that went through fifty battles and skirmishes without an injury, and at the end of the war had so endeared himself to the American people as to draw crowds of enthusiastic admirers wherever ex hibited, and thus was the means of raising many thousands of dollars for homes built for his disabled comrades in the war? "Old Abe," as he was affectionately called, was captured by a Chippewa Indian and sold to a white man for a bushel of corn. A Mr. Jeffers secured him for the sum of two dollars and a half and presented him to the Eighth Wisconsin infantry as it was depart ing for the war. The enthusiasm of the soldiers for the majestic bird knew no bounds and thousands gathered at every town to cheer the new recruit At Madison Capt Perkins asked that he be called "Old Abe," and by the voice of the peo ple the Eighth Wisconsin was desig nated as the "Eagle Regiment" As the eagle was now a soldier bird sworn into service, a new perch was constructed near the top of the flag staff, and the expense paid by the state. The perch was a shield painted with the Stars and Stripes, with a raised crosspiece for the eagle's "roost" "Old Abe" was a heavy weight to carry, but his presence so lightened the hearts of the soldiers that no one ever thought of complain ing -when called upon to carry him during long, tiresome marches. When the battles raged the fiercest,! then "Old Abe" would become excited and snap the stout rope as If it were twine. Soaring way above the din and shout his scream could be heard on every side, and our soldiers would press forward with renewed vigor and press forward with a renewed vigor, and a southern general said, "I would rather get that bird than a whole brigade." "Old Abe" died in 1881, and I hope you will search for more about this interesting and loyal bird. Appomattox lakstsad. One of the most prized relics of the civil war in possession of the state' of Colorado is the inkstand used at Appomattox. Va., on April 9, 1866, on the occasion of Lee's surrender to Grant In fact it is claimed to be the identi cal inkwell from which the Ink was taken by the pen that signed the arti cles of surrender. Though the article has been in this state for more than twenty-five years it appears that the fact has only recently been discovered by civil war relic hunters. Many ef forts have been made to get posses sion of it and one offer of $1,000 was made by a Philadelphia man to Cecil A. Deane, curator of tne war museum at the capltol, if he would use his in fluence to have the state part with the inkstand. Col. Deane, however, refuses to lis ten to any propositions looking to its removal from the capltol. The ink stand was presented to Col. Deane in 1874 by John L. Sheridan, receiver of the land office at Fairplay. Col. Sheri dan was a brother of the late Philip H. Sheridan, who brought it from Mc Lean house to his home at Somerset Ohio, Just after the close of the war, McLean house, at Appomattox, is where the articles of capitulation were drawn up and signed. This old southern mansion is still standing. How SoMleis stoaassoati The soldiers' monument presented by Cyrus H. Lothrop has been accept ed by the city council and will be lo cated on the east side of Taunton green, Mass. The monument which is practically completed, is of Westerly granite, and from the base to the top of the statue surmounting it will be about twenty six feet in bight Tne monument consists of thre-: bases, die cap and plinth, and is sur mounted by the figure of an infantry man standing at parade rest. The figure is seven feet high. The bottom base is seven feet square, and with the second base is plain. On three sides of the third base are the words "Army." "Navy,' "1861-1865," in rais ed letters, while on the fourth is a polished panel containing the donor's name and the date of the erection of the monument A Kick la tfco BoJo. Gov. Taft before the Senate Philip pines committee to-day, told of a fight in Mindanao, in which some Amerl can troops engaged a lot of natives armed with bolos. One of the Ameri can sergeants had a hand-to-hand en counter with a native. The boloman struck the sergeant a blow in the neck almost decapitating him. The soldier's life was saved because the bolo had a good-sized nick in the blade. The carotid artery just fitted this nick and was not severed, although the neck on each side was cut The sergeant Gov. Taft said, sup ported his head in his hand and rode thirty miles to a surgeon. The wounds in his neck were sewed up and the man is now alive and welL Flattery consists of having your se cret opinion of yourself expressed in the language of others. r a From Farmers' Review: A let ter from a cream seller coataias the following qaesuoa. "Will 7 please tell me how to figure oat the amount of cream to take aad amount of skim-milk to take to make a certain amount of cream of leas density; for instance, if I- hare a great deal of cream testing 32 per cent aad want only six gallon, or 48 pounds of 20 cent cream, how much cream aad how much skim-milk mast I mix togeth er?" As I understand part of the ques tion it is. how many pounds of cream testing 32 per ceat fat mast you use In order to make six gaUoas. or 48 pound, of cream containing M per cent fat? This can be feared as follows: la 48 pounds of cream containing 20 per cent fat there are 9.9 pounds of fat This is found by getting 20 per cent of the 48 pounds. Now if you have 32 per cent cream and want to reduce it to 20 per cent cream the first thing is to find out how many pounds of 32 per cent cream must be taken in order to get i.6 pounds of fat; this may be done by the following proportion: 32:100:: 9.6: X. Carrying out the calculation by multi plying 9.6 by 100 and dividing the product by 32 we get 30 pounds, show ing that In SO pounds of cream testing 32 per cent fat we will obtala the 9.6 pounds of fat which is contained in 48 pounds or six gallons of 20 per cent cream. Subtracting the 80 pounds from 48 leaves 18, so that our final result is, to add 18 pounds of skim milk to 30 pounds of 32 per cent cream and the mixture will be 48 pounds or six gallons of cream containing 20 per cent fat If the question means how can you reduce 82 per cent to 20 per cent cream, it may be answered as follows: Suppose you hare 85 pounds of 32 per cent cream and want to find out bow much 20 per ceat cream this will make. First, And how many pounds of fat there are in the 85 pounds of 32 per cent cream; carrying out the mul tiplication 85 by 32, gives 27.2 pounds of fat The next step is to find out how much 20 per cent cream this 27.2 pounds will make. This may be cal culated by the following proportion: Multiplying 27.2 by 100 and dividing by 20 gives 136 pounds of 20 per cent cream, which the 27.2 will make. The answer, thea, of the question how much 20 per cent cream will 85 pounds of 32 per cent cream make? Is, that to 85 pounds of 32 per cent cream yon should add 51 pounds of skim-milk, and the mixture will give 138 pounds of 20 per cent cream. Such calcula tions may seem somewhat complicated but they are comparatively simple when made by first finding out how many pounds of fat there are in a given quantity of cream; this is ob tained by multiplying the weight of cream by its test; then from the weight of fat thus obtained determine by a proportion how much cream test ing any desired percentage this weight of fat will make. E. H. Far rington. Wisconsin Dairy School. Mystery of Milk roratatloa. The mystery of the formation of milk is one that has engaged the at tention of a good many scientists. One theory is that milk is blood held in suspension. This may not be true and it may be true. Certainly milk when exposed to a high degree of heat changes color and takes on the ap pearance of dried blood. The soldiers in the War of the Rebellion found this out and used it for secret writing. They wrote with their pens dipped in milk. The recipients took the letters and baked them in an oven and 'the lines became legible. Those opposing this theory say, however, that the analysis of blood and of milk is not absolutely Identical. This may have some force as an argument and it may not have. The question of analysis is a very large one, and there are as yet several unknown quantities in it It seems about certain that the water and the casein in the milk are filtered from the blood. The formation of fat is mixed up with the building up and breaking down of cells. But the ma terial for this work must come from the blood. Cow Temperaments. Cows are as different as are people. There are some cows that the milker can make friends of easily. There are others that seem to have not the slightest desire to be on terms of friendliness with their ovraers or with those having the care of them. Some cows will obey any command that they understand, while others show uncon querable stubbornness. We one day saw a man attempt to lead a stubborn cow into a barn. The cow braced her feet and no amount of whipping or pushing could get her into the barn. She won the day. There are few cows of that kind, perhars. but they serve to emphasize the great difference that exists in bovines. The degrees of In telligence are no less numerous than the degrees of stubbornness. The wise breeder will take cognisance of this, and will breed only from animals that show desirable traits. rattle Milk Tasters. Gradually there is growing up the idea of having oflcials appointed by the government do the milk testing. This is being urged la some countries. It is a thing certain to become the practice in the not distant future. The man that takes milk to the creamery is often dissatisfied at his test If he does not believe it dishonest, he be lieves it made by.aa incompetent man, and the latter belief is not infrequent ly well founded. Under the present system the milk tester finds all of his interests on one side. It has been ac knowledged In some cases that the tests have been doctored to keep the natrons satiated that is, the high tests have been slightly reduced, and the low tests slightly raised. A part of the cream of the man with good sows has been givea to the man with scrubs. Mag. The Holstein-Friesian association of America will hold its annual meeting U the Yates Hotel, Syracuse, New York, on Wednesday, June 4, at 10 o'clock a. m., for the election of on cers aad the transaction of other busi ness. A number of amendments to Ihe constitution of the association will be taken up. The proposed changes nave been printed and may he had by addressing the secretary, F.L. Hough son, Brattleboro, Vt The various species of the game fowl still retain mach of the form, color, combative propeasity aad cour age of the wild species, which still ex ist la the forests of South From Farmers' Review: To begta I allow all young chicks to have the benefit of plenty of sunshine aad shade, leaviag the choke to them. At soon as possible about 38 hours after they are hatched I place them la a brooder aad probably about 12 hoars thereafter I give them their first feed, which consists of cracked grata; this feed is strictly adhered to. Of coarse I give as many different graias aa I can get aad only one kind at each meaL They have in addition to tarn ground bone and are allowed a grass run as soon as they are able to be oat As soon as I can distinguish the sax I separate the males from the females and they are not allowed together un til they are mated about January first The food is then fed la this maaaer: In the morning they have a mash fed warm; at noon, grain usually wheat; at night, cut cats or any good grata we may have except corn, ualess very ecld. I might say that we do not use very much corn at any time. . A green run Is kept at all times. I also ase beef scraps after fowls are mated. They are thee kept In these mas uatll about June first when the females are allowed to run out oa the pasture aad only fed at night a small amount of wheat, or some grain of that Mad. When the molting season begins, oar fowls are always stoat and healthy and in the very best of shape to stand the strain. The cocks are not allowed their liberty, but are placed in a fresh green run and fed on good wholesome food, are not allowed to grow fat and are made to work for every bite they eat I only keep four pens for breed ers; the balance are all sold or killed for our table, so we never have any surplus stock after the breeding season begins, unless they be very good ones that we have failed to sell. Ed. Bish op. New Madrid County. Missouri. The many SMed Poaltry slaa. The successful poultryman must be many-sided. Poultry raising is a com plicated business and requires a good deal of knowledge of a good many things. This knowledge is not ac quired in a day. Poultry diseases must be known to a very considerable ex tent, and this requires thought aad study. The knowledge of the diseases must be supplemented by the knowl edge of the best conditions to prevent them. The poultryman must be fa miliar with the chemical constituents of feeds and understand the balancing of rations. He must be able to dis tinguish the different breeds and should know something of the stan dards of perfection. His knowledge of all the experiments with poultry should be complete. No poultry book of value should be outside of bis li brary. To possess himself of the knowledge obtainable by reading he must devote a good deal of time to this branch of his activity. Then he must be familiar with the markets and with the methods of men that buy fowls and eggs. Moreover he must have a large stock of Information as to how to run an incubator. This Is a hard thing to procure, as It requires much loss of time and material finding out what things are necessary to be done to insure success. To these things must be added attention to in numerable details. Because the poul tryman must be many-sided, many that attempt to be poultrymen falL The man that goes into the poultry business should do so with his eyes open. He must expect to have to learn, and to learn one thine at a time. Showing Deteriorates Birds. The man that makes a business of showing fowls must expect to meet many losses. The writer has bsea told that in some cases exhibitors have lost half of their fowls In a sin gle season's campaign. Besides the loss of birds from colds, diseases, ex posure and so forth there Is a further loss in the deterioration of the birds shown, even though they come out vf the ordeal without losing a feather. In the first place, during the time In which they are being fitted they are kept penned up and fed high. This hurts the breeding qualities of the males and the egg laying qualities of the females. The necessary prepara tion for showing Is directly adverse to the qualities desired In breeding, oi laying stock. After the birds are out of the shows they must have consid erable time In which to recuperate. For this reason birds that have been shown a great deal are looked upon with suspicion as to their breeding qualities. A man must take all these things into consideration when he goes into the show with his beet birds. He must consider if the advertisement he is to get will compensate for the in evitable losses of various kinds. Reject Rants far The selection of the brood sow is the most important factor and is where the average farmer makes a most serious mistake by selecting the second or third class sow pigs for breeders, because if In buying them they get them for less money, or In keeping them from their own herd, the better individuals sell for more money. The fact of the matter Is, these are the most expensive animals to be re tained or bought for breedlag par poses. If we select runts or second or third class sows (aa like begets like). In a short time we have oar farms overran with a very Inferior class of hogs which will be several years be hind in improvement Oa the other hand, if we select the very best gilts for breeding purposes aad mate them with a sire of equal individuality we will soon stock up with a very de sirable and valuable cuss of hogs, it Is hard to pay too much for a real valuable brood sow. She is of more value than any other breedlag aalmal retained on the farm. O. R.Aaey. An American laboring in Singapore, India, saw some Brahma chicks run ning about He Inquired to whom they belonged, and was told that they were the property of a Buddhist priest and, that they had been raised in an incubator. As soon as convenient the American found his way to the house of the priest thinking he would see some ancient arrangement for hatch ing chicks. To his surprise he found instead a modem Incubator made ia the United States. Young chicks should be fed often sometimes as often as six aad eight times a day. bat they mast aot he overfed. This means that the maa ia charge must have leaned his basl- n There Is a eoatrowaraw betwMa iml i trymen as to whether hot water or hot air machtaes are the best Skilled men have succeeded well -with- either .:kind. RTKOITORE the The director of the Oklahoma sta tion says: Many of the trees that were pleated for shade aad trait this spring are already dead. Many mora will die hefore the summer Is past. The aalef cause for this loss has beta aad will be neglect Assuming that the trees have beea planted properly aad that they were of sorts adapted to Okla homa coadlttoas, at least 86 per ceat of those planted should live aad thrive. Orehardlsts as a rule give their trees every aeeded attention and lose but few trees. The most notable example of latermitteat enthasiasm.may he aeaa along the streets of towns aad dties. When spring comes, nearly every oaa pleats trees aa a matter of course or to get rid of some tree ageat Too oftea when the pleating is done, no farther attention is given. After pleating, the dirt is often piled up in a alee monad about the base of the trees, possibly with the notion that this will hold the tree ia place. The result is that what rata falls Is drained away from the roots of the trees la stead of toward them. Instead there should be a slight depression about the trees ao aa to get a little excess of wa ter if possible aad let it soak in. Cul tivation throughout the summer should be given if trees are wanted. The growth of the trees will be better if all the space between them to cul tivated after every rata. This Is hard ly desirable about the house aad the next bast thing Is to cultivate a space about the trees. The soil should be hoed and kept loose for a space of from three to live feet about the trees, the larger the cultivated space, the better. It Isn't a hard matter to grow trees if one will give them a little at tention right along and will think of them as a crop that should be culti vated if good growth is expected. A treeless town is always cheerless to the stranger, while streets bordered with thrifty trees are attractive and are appreciated by all. Cultivate the trees' every time It rains and some times between times. Oeeamheis. Every farmer's garden contains or should contain a cucumber patch. There is no product that is grown more easily or that gives better re turns for the work put upon It The soil that the cucumber likes best is a warm, sandy, light soil. Any soil, however, will do, if not exceedingly heavy. The ground should be well prepared, which Is the requisite for al most any crop. The old way of pre paring the ground was to burn over a piece of ground, dig a hole and put in a wheelbarrow load of manure. This mode is still with us. The method does not commend Itself, especially the part that requires a large pile of manure in the hilL It is far better to mix the manure with the soIL When the manure Is placed In the soil in a mass the roots that penetrate it dry out more quickly than do the same roots if penetrating a firmer bed. It is of no use to plant cucumber seed before the weather has settled down and the ground has become warm. 'Cucumbers need a good deal of room, and the usual mistake is to get the hills so close together that the vines are numerous and picking Is done with difficulty. Hills should be not closer to each other than four feet, and when the plants are up they should be thinned out to not more than two or three in a hill. If the ground has been worked deeply and the manure well mixed with the soil, no watering should be necessary in an ordinarily dry time. Gather the cu cumbers as fast as they get large enopgh to use, so that the vines will continue to bear freely. Distance Apart to Plant Trees, On this question there seems to be little consensus of opinion. All kinds of advice are given. The list of dis tances apart of planting one year is denied by its makers the next The reason for this lies In the great di versity of conditions. One man said to the writer that he had planted his plum trees nine feet apart Another said that fifteen was necessary. But there are many varieties of plum trees and they have different habits of growth. There are also many kinds of soils, and each kind varies as to the amount of plant food It contains. It is safe to say that no rule can be laid down. It Is equally safe to ad vise that the distances between trees be as large as practicable. It is bet ter to have too much room than too little. When trees are very close to gether, the crossing roots make all cultivation difficult Close planting also increases the amount of pruning necessary to ge't good results. What ever the tree be, give it enough feed ing ground. The Basnet Box. From Farmers' Review: I think the principal objection to apples in boxes Is that they cost more than In barrels, and then the package is too small to retail out of by the measure. One advantage is the uniform quality of the fruit Imperfect fruit cannot be ao easily covered up. The bushel box for apples does not seem to be gaining in favor with commission men. M. I Campbell, Chicago, Illinois. arses of Porto Rleo. The Porto Rico horse, strictly speak ing, Is the result of in-breeding of up wards of two hundred years and the result obtained has been an animal of great endurance and hardiness. It has been stated that the Porto Rico horse can claim origin from Arabian stock; this might have been the case had the question of size alone been taken into consideration, but with very few ex ceptions the quality of the Arabian is lacking in the present horse of the island. Endurance certainly is shown in a marked degree, as well as a well defined conformation. A crossing of the Morgan with the native horse of Porto Rico should produce very satis factory results. The two marked char acteristics of the Morgan blood qual ity and endurance added to the won derful endurance of the island horse, should make a perfect, medium sized animal and one admirably suited for park aad lightweight harness work. There is no reason why the native horse could not be most successfully bred also for purposes of polo. The essential features always sought for ia the making of polo ponies are agil ity, endurance and size; the former two qualities the Porto Rico horse al ready strongly possesses, the question of sue is one to be easily overcome. Porto Rico Agricultural Journal. The word pullet is derived from the French word poulet a chicken. Woman's mouth either shows her owa character or exposes another tjAo 9 I' 'pT i-hs?i 'Sf tWwMB J oWgSSBTd' uWhmmSBBBBBBBBBBBrgSBBBBSr Report Bureau of Aalmal Iadaetry: While the outlook for successful leal treatment of cases of tafectioa, aad of infection with the encysted stomach-worm (Stroagylas Osterlagi) to aot encouraging, at least a part of the Infection may he pre vented. The following methods for prevention are suggested: First Every reach should have a hospital pasture situated oa high, dry ground, well drained aad without aay pools or ponds; it should be supplied with raised troughs for watering aad feeding, and the water supply should come from a welL This pasture should aot drala into any pasture la which healthy stock are feeding. Second. As soon as any sick aalmal is noticed in the large pasture it should Immediately be separated from the healthy stock and taken to the hospital pasture. To allow sick ani mals to rua at large with healthy stock means to deliberately permit the spread of infection ia the pastures and thus endanger the well animals. Third. Proper watering places should be supplied in the large pas tures by digging wells and erecting windmills to pump the water into tanks. These tanks should be raised above the ground so that they can not become contaminated with the droppings from animals being washed Into them by rains and floods. Fourth. Select high, sloping ground for pasture when this is possible. Low pastures should be properly drataed. Fifth. Burn the pastures regularly, thoroughly and systematically. The heat from the burning grass will kill many of the eggs and young worms oa the grass, ground and In the drop pings. Sixth. As these parasites are more fatal to young animals than to old ones, a liberal supply of oats or some similar food will aid in giving; to young animals strength that will en able them to withstand the infeetioa. A daily allowance of, say, half a pound of oats per lamb ought to re duce the mortality. At first they may not be inclined to eat It but will soon become accustomed to it This simple precaution is reported as very effectual in New Zealand. Seventh. Keep plenty of salt acces sible to the animals. Some men add slaked lime to the salt As a matter of experience salt kills many young worms. Blaek-les; Taeclas. A communication from the Okla homa statioa says: A farther refer ence to the use of vaccine Is made acc essary on account of some complaints that have been made in regard to the effects of vaccination. Too great stress cannot be placed on the necessity of cleaning every article used In prepar ing the vaccine and especially the syringe. This should be thoroughly cleansed after using by placing it in hot water and then drying well before placing it In the case. The next step requiring special care Is filtering the vaccine. Nothing but absorbent cot ton should be used and every dose of the vaccine should be filtered through this. The fluid after coming through the cotton should be slightly clouded. Filtering is necessary to remove the coarser particles of the vaccine and It also prevents the injection of ma terial that has no value as vaccine. Another Important matter Is the size of the dose and the handling of the cattle so as to prevent the possibility of vaccinating the same animal twice. A full dose may be given to cattle over six months old and younger animals should have less depending on the age and size. As the work is ordinarily done there Is danger of vaccinating the animal twice, as the vaccinated an imals are turned back Into the lot with those not vaccinated. In this way It to very easy to make mistakes. If the work is done as carefully as It deserves to be done the results would be more satisfactory to all concerned. MUch Sheep, Prof. W. A. Henry in Feeds and Feeding: Konig gives the composition of ewe's milk as follows (per cent): Water. 80.82; casein and albumen, 6.52; fat, 6.86; sugar, 4.91; ash. .89. This was the result of 32 analyses. The average of 793 samples of cow's milk was as follows: Water, 87.17; casein and albumen, 3.55; fat 3.69; sugar, 4.88; ash, .71. In America sheep are not generally used for producing milk for man, as in many districts abroad, especially In mountain regions, where this milk is extensively em ployed, partly for direct consumption, and partly for the manufacture of cheese. Ewe's milk differs from cow's milk mainly in its greater proportion of fat and protein. Much higher percentages than the above have often been found by investigators. The yield of milk by sheep will vary great ly according to the condition of feed and breed. Martiny states that the yield of Frieslan milk sheep in West phalia. Germany, is about four quarts of milk daily for four months. These sheep lamb once a year, dropping two or three lambs. Three sheep are es timated to consume as much feed as one cow. Ordinary sheep yield from 100 to 150 pounds of milk per year, while the milk breeds produce 300 pounds or more. Tko Caw's Digestive Msealaery- The digestive apparatus of the cow is something to carefully consider when buying a cow or when breeding. The powerful digestive system is need ed in the dairy that the most may be made out of the feed. The large eater is the cow that makes the most money for her owner. Some cows have diges tive systems of such weakness that they are easily foundered. They go "off feed" at every opportunity, and their milk yield is decreased in conse quence. On the other hand, there are cows that can eat any amount and never be disturbed by It The owner once had such a cow. One night she got loose and found her way to the feed bins and boxes. She proceeded to fill up in the most complete man ner. In the morning she met her own er at the door. She was evidently packed as full of corn meal and mid dlings as she could be, with nothing but breathing room left. A foundered cow was the expected result of the feasting. The animal, however, ex perienced no inconveniences from th gorging, and the next day was ready for her accustomed ration. She was n large producer of very rich milk. Flowers are always fit presents, be cause they arc a proud assertion that a ray of beauty outvalues all the utili ties in the world. Emerson. Beggars are unknown in Hawaii, and there ia ao aeeu or pov"w imninmn"1" Cows WHK CS : Fifteea fine Jersey cows oa the Whltaey Point Stock Farm weat oa a disgraceful spree tost Moaday aad al most frigbteaed the mea ia charge of :hem out of their wits. For a long time ao oae kaew just what was the matter with the cows. They weat reeling across the fields like a tot of drunken soldiers, roUtag ihdr eyes, aad every oace ia a while giving veat to the most hideous howls. When they got tired they either leaned against one another or against the fences, aad that was the way the mea found them whea they screwed up enough courage to go oat ia the field and investigate. A hurry call was seat to Bingham toa for a veterinary, because there was such unmistakable signs of suf fering on the part of the cows that the men thought they were poisoaed. When the veterinary took a took at the cows he was puzzled. They were glassy-eyed and tired. Those that had fallen asleep were sleeping so soundly that they couldn't be waked up evea with a 'pitchfork. The local veteria aries were called la to assist the maa from Blnghamtoa, aad the three sat up with the cows all night long. The next morning the cows ap peared to be all right True, most of them looked a trifle ashamed, but on the whole they seemed In fair shape aad quite ready to go back to eating grass and making milk. It wasa't un til the cows were turned out for their MMAMMMAMAMWMWWWWWWWWMMMMMMMMMAMMMMMMMMAM BEAT REDSKIN GAMBLER k While Nan's Lucky Draw LaJ4 Out Champion IneHavn Pfevyer. How "There may be citizens in Deadwood who remember Buck Joseph,' said the man with the taper fingers as he per mitted a smile to lurk around the cor ners of his mouth. "Buck was a full fledged Sioux Indian, but he had learned a thing or two in his time. One of 'em was how to play poker, and another was how to hold the best hand. He was early on the ground at Deadwood and he was a winner from the start "There were some pretty slick gamblers hanging out there in the old days. They believed a good deal ia luck, but a good deal more in Angering the cards. None of them had Buck Joseph's slelght-of-hand, however. They tried him on time and again, and they worked all the arts known to the profession, but he was still ahead of the game. As a last resort they sent over to Abilene, Kan. for me. I'm not going to say what I was doing over there, but the boys who knew me best were ready to bet 2 to 1 that I downed Buck at his own game. "When I reached Deadwood," con tinued the narrator. "I had $800 in cash with me. Old Lo came up smil ing with an equal amount and we sat down for an all-day tea party. I start ymMWWMWWMWWWWWVMWMWOMWWMWW(VWWWMWWI tt mm At A Deauuiui oi. ricrre M some mpRxssions or an osweratciw; visitor, madc jf add BEFORE THE RECENT CATACLYSM. ' yk "St Pierre was one of the most pic turesque, little cities in the world. I spent a few hours there once and shall never forget the gay appearance it presented." said Capt John A. Hassell of New York yesterday at the St James Hotel. "The women of St Pierre dressed more gayly than in any other part of the world I ever visited. They wore many colors, and. strangely enough, combined them quite harmon iously. "There was practically no harbor at St Pierre, and the ships anchored a short distance out at sea. As soon as our vessel came within hailing dis tance of St. Pierre a number of small boats would set out from shore. They were filled with women dressed in gaudy colors and carrying fruits, which they offered to the passengers. I remember that many of the women had cocoanuts from which the ends had been removed. Part of the milk bad been pourea from the fruit and replaced by rum. Cocoanuts prepared in that way are quite delicious and in great demand with travelers. "Few of the people in St. Pierre were pure black. The negroes who WVM Bad reaa the SoraesiU The late Dr. Emmons, a famous clergyman of a former day was noted for his piety and wit He avoided con troversies, however, and often defeatcJ attempts to draw him into them in an adroit manner. In a town where he was pastor there lived a physician who was a pantheist and he took pains to let everyone know It He had made fre quent boasts that he could easily con quer Dr. Emmons in argument and one day came his chance. He and the doctor met at the house of a birk man. "How old are you. sir?" asked the physician brusquely. "Sixty-two," replied Dr. Emmons quietly, although his eyes showed his surprise. "May I ask your age in turn?" "I have been alive since the crea tion in one form or another," said the physician curtly. "Ah. then, I supose you were wuh Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden?" inquired the doctor. "Certainly." came the reply. "Um!" said Dr. Emmons placidly, meditating on the other's face. "I always thought there was a third person there, but some have differed from me." Secretary Bloody is EeoaoaUcal. Some consternation has been aroused in the navy department by an appar ent determination on the part of Sec retary Moody to run the place with some regard to economy. Some days ago an appeal was made to him for more clerks, it being declared that only by the most diligent industry could the work be kept up with the present force. Mr. Moody astounded the applicant for more help by sayiag that the condition described was ex actly as it should be. The clerks, he said, had easy hours and should em ploy' every moment of their time in the department in doing government work. As they were able to keep the business up to date, even with diffl culty, this was what was required of ?-. wwimtm . Jfxg.. WtmmtnMaaMam Ism Hera- at .y.',y.fflttr ssorsnas; driak, aad almost dried ap the ereek ia the field, that the veteri aartos aot aa iakMag of what had beea the matter. "Well, I swan," said the maa from Blnghamtoa. "I do believe them there cows was drank tost atoht What did yer give them to eat?" "They coalda't he wreak, Doc," sefti the boss keeper, "cue there ain't aay thin' la this here stockmrm ter make maa aor beast drama. All them cows has had oat of the usual feed this week to a waoa-lead of apples that was damped ia the field oa Sunday." "Well, I'm clear dinged." said the Btaghamtoa maa. "I hears tell on a thing like this happeata oace afore, hat I aever see K myself. Say. d'yer know what was the matter of them cows? Well,, they was drank from them apples. "Now, see here. Them cows has two stomachs, and whea you gave 'em them apples they just loaded up the second stomach, where they stores things, like all ruminants does, with apples. They kept them there till they fermented aad then they all got drunk. That's just what was the mat ter of them cows." The logic of this explanation ap pealed to the local veteriaaries, and they agreed as to the cause of the jag; Undoubtedly this explanation Is the correct oae. as the cows have beea all right ever since. New York Sua. 3 ed out as square as a dot. depending on luck alone, and I had lost $500 be fore I made a change. Then I went in for nothing less than flushes, and inside of an hour I got my money back. Buck knew I was beating him at his own game, and he laid for me. On one of his deals he got four aces and I knew it. I got king, queen and jack of diamonds, and it was $20 to come in. "I drew a long breath and chipped and drew two cards to his one. My heart thumped as I found a ten and nine of diamonds in my hand a straight flush. Of course. Buck knew there was only one hand higher than his. and he came for me with bets of $50. He had friends to borrow from and 'so had I. and when he finally called me we had $4,000 In cash on the table, and he had three ponies two squaws and five papooses up against my watch and pin. He was getting ready to yell when I showed my hand. His yell died away, and he sat there like a stone man for five long minutes. Then he slowly rose up. gathered his blanket around him. and as he walked out of the place he said: "'Humph! Heap smart white man! Heap ass Injun!'" 4?44444 ca it ppb were originally in the island, the Ma lays who were brought there to serv as slaves, and the French and other white people who located there, inter married so freely that most of the in habitants showed only a trace of the negro blood. The women were quite dark, but had good features, and many of them were quite handsome. Their clothing was very unusual. On their heads they wore scarfs of bright col' ors and their gowns were very fantas tic. All through the city there seemed to be an air of gayety and abandon. "St Pierre was located in a small in denture in the shore line and its houses were queer affairs which seemed like a lot of fancy blocks piled up against the side of the mountain. Many of the houses were whitewashed or painted some very light color. They were all short buildings of quaint French architecture. Nobody worked in St Pierre any more than was neces sary. There were music and dancing everywhere, and the immorality of the city will probably lead many peo ple to suggest that judgment has been brought down upon the ill-fated city." Washington Post Progress. The mediocre man is the middling man, but how greatly superior is the middling man of to-day to his grand father of the same class. He sees and knows and enjoys things of which that simple ancestor never dreamed. He Is a, citizen of a different, a broad er and every way richer world. He is born to a more splendid heritage of knowledge and opportunity. He is in touch with more stimulating and far-reaching influences. His latitudes, his longitudes and his altitudes are immeasurably superior. Enterprise . once too formidable to be undertaken or even understood are now every-day matters to him. To be a citizen of the twentieth century is better than to" have been a king in those that have departed, because we have reached the point where the idea of impossi-. bilities has been discarded. We glory in, the assumption that all things are knowable and all things attain- able at some time, here or hereafter. Boston Transcript. ot Kocksfellofs Chart fev Among the older member3 of the Fifth Avenue Baptist Church. New York, there is a strong feeling that altogether too much stress is being laid on the fact that Rockefeller aad his son are members. Last Sunday a stranger entered the building aad. asked an elderly man at the door. "Is this Mr. Rockefeller's church?" "No," was the emphatic reply, "this is the Fifth Avenue Baptist Church." "WelL does young Mr. Rockefeller's Sunday school meet here?" "No." the maa who was being questioned answered vigorously, "the Sunday school ef which young Mr. Rockefeller is leader meets here." The members do not heaitate to express the opinion that Mr. Rockefeller's great wealth should not be permitted to overshadow the work that is being done by other mem bers of the congregation. Water will aot extinguish the spark of love aad it takes something stronger to scent the breath of sua-, pteioa. v-- Ti .'..iff v sk? i 7 h? A V ' '". '.'- 1 . vs?.i y, 0. - " f2aa-asssBsssBBa-ai .-!.. r..