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And high "overhead, like a torn-out fold Of liberty's robe, with its glimmering stars Heaven's glorious blue on a neid or rhe old flag fluttered, half shot away la the storm and stress of that judgment day, , , When throuch blood-dyed stream, by threatening crag. The old line regiment carried the flag. The veteran looked; and his face turned gray . With the specter light of a bygone day. He fingered his old gun'.s roisty lock. He felt the thrill of the tattle's shock. And he lifted ills head like a startled stag As he saw the ghosts by the tattered flag. . Some were withered and bent and gra. Some were blithe and bonny and gay. And their voices shrilled through the martial din "Comrade, comrade, where have ye been? Ye have missed the drill this many a year" The call rang sweet to his deafened ear. And his soul broke loos? from the crip pled form That had weathered a nation's years of storm. And he joined the soldiers who never lag The ghosts that maich by the tattered Hag. Sam Lamprey in Washington Times. An Unsolved Mystery. "I have just returned from a visit to the battlefields of Cedar Mountain and the Second Manassas after an ab sence of forty years," said Daniel L. Reynolds of Canandaigua, X. Y.. re cently to a reporter of the Washington St?r. "It was while the last-named battle was in progress that something happened to a member of my com pany, and with whom I had been raised, that has always been to me an unsolved mystery. His name was Will iam Brown and his age at the date I speak of was 24 years. He had always pined for a life of adventure, and when Pope called for volunteer scouts he of fered his services and was accepted. This was just prior to the Cedar Moun tain affair. Prior to the second Ma nassas Brown had frequently disap peared for several days, but in due time returned all right, and at night time about the camp fire would fire our imaginations and excite our envy over his mrrvelous hairbreadth escapes from capture and death. He was missing for good after the sec ond day's fight at Bull Run, and the rest has always been conjecture as to his fate. The story told by a captured Confederate feoldier :s that he was caught red-handed and was hanged as a spy. "It appears, according to the narra tive related by the soldier mentioned, tn&t during the battle of the first day a man resembling Brown, dressed in Confederate gray, rode up to the com mander of a division with written or ders from Jackson to move his troops to a certain portion of the field where tney could possibly he of use and sud denly disappeared. The next forenoon Longstreet appeared on the scene, and the same young man in gray again rode up to a division commander and attempted to duplicate the trick, when he was recognized by an officer pres ent, handed over to a drumhead court martial and hanged on the spot. The most disquieting thing about the whole matter is that rumors have reached our post from time to time that Brown was not the martyr we pictured him, but a deserter to the enemy. I am go ing to call on Longstreet and ask him if he can solve the mysterious disap pearance of William Brown." Monument to Ohio Soldiers. On that most beautiful drive in the world to-day. Crest road. Missionary Ridge, where fought so valiantly Ohio's sons, will shortly tower, eighty feet in the air, a memorial erected by a grateful state to her heroes, says a writer in the Cincinnati Enquirer. The contract for this twenty-thousand-dollar monument has been award ed, the site and design chosen. Four figures designed by Pausch will stand upon the base. They are models of grace and strength and represent a cavalryman, an artilleryman, an in fantryman and a drummer boy, the only monument to a child in the park. High upon the shaft will appear the great seal of the state, and on the four sides of the enormous base the single word OHIO. No inscription will mar the grandeur. An appropriation of $7,000 has been made for the spe cial data to be inscribed on bronze tablets. This memorial to Ohio's troops in 'the campaign about Chattanooga will fittingly stand on the crest of the ridge, bathed each day In the brilliant rajs of a dying sun, whose crimson and gold typify the crimson flood of long ago, the golden glory of the mem ory of those who gave their lives to their country's cause. First Colored Man to Enlist. The .first known colored man to en list in the army of the United States during the civttwar entered a Massa chusetts regiment. He was First Ser geant Burrill Smith, Jr.. of Boston. He enlisted on Feb. 12, 1863, at the re cruiting office of the Fifty-fourth regi ment infantry, "colored," Massachu setts volunteers. Smith was about nineteen years old, was born un Boston, and at the out break of the war tried to enlist in one of the Massachusetts white regi ments. The United States govern ment did not need "colored volun- teers at' that time. When Gov. An drew called for colored volunteers - Smith was the first colored man to re spond. Col. Robert Gould Shaw select ed Smith, .who had been made a ser geant' in company A, as his orderly. Smith was with Col. Shaw when he fell. at Fort Wagner. He served throughout the war with his regiment, returned to Boston, lived- there and died about two years ago. .Colonel Mosby Reminiscent. Col. John G. Moeby of Virginia, the noted guerrilla chieftain of Confeder ate -fame, has been in Washington several days. News of the death of MraXGen. Grant made him reminis cent, and he told the following story after a cordial eulogy of the federal general. He said: , "After Appomattox we went to Alex andria to live. The town was under a provost marshal with a big staff. About three times a week I was ar- rMMi o a tramped-up charge, sad J finally I was ordered to leave the town. My wife became so nervous that t was afraid she would break down un der the strain, but the day I was or dered off I returned home prepared to obey orders. She was not to be found. Late in the afternoon she returned looking brighter than I had seen her for many dys. She waved a paper at me and said: " 'You need not pack up. Yoa Woa't be interfered with agatUw Here is an order they will respect I went to Washington this morning to Gen. Grant's headquarters.. I sent in my name as Mrs. Colonel Mosby. He re ceived me most kindly and courteous ly. I told him I wanted to see htm alone. He dismissed his attendants and I told him the exact status of af fairs ia Alexandria. I especially begged him to protect you. I told him your parole signed by him was not re spected. He drew a paper to him and wrote with his own hand: "'Colonel Mosby is not to be mo lested in any way in the future. " U. S. GRANT.' "We keep the document as an heir loom. I was never troubled after that, and the town was better managed." Washington Times. Relic of the Revolution. Dr. T. G. Simpson, Main street. West Fairlee, Orance county, Vermont, bears the unique distinction of being the owner of the musket from which was fired the first shot at the battle of Bunker hill. Dr. Simpson was born in Deerfield, N. H.. Oct 9, 1823. His first recol lection of the gun was seeing it stand behind the door in the room where his grandfather. Major John Simpson slept. Major Simpson enlisted as a private and took part in the celebrated battle. The order given to the continental soldiers in that engagement was to re frain from firing until they could see the whites of the enemy's eyes. Major Simpson being a good shot, could not resist the temptation to shoot after they came within range, so he fired, and. it is said, brought down his man. This was the signal for opening fire all along the line, and the engagement became general. That the story is true is born out by the fact that the major was placed un der arrest for disobeying orders, and ias finally court-martialed. That this arrest did not militate against him is shown from his subse quent career, as he rose to distinction and was rapidly promoted until he gained the commission of major. He was quite young when the en gagement took place, and lived more than 50 years after the battle, dying Oct, 28, 1825. His house still stands. Panorama of Battlefield. At the top of Cemetery Hill on the Doonsboro pike a fine view can be ob tained of the Antietam valley. This view also includes some of the battle field. To the east the Boonsboro pike stretches over hill and down the val-1 leys of the foothills leading to South Mountain. To the southward on a high hill may be seen an observatory, a slendet frame structure locally known as Me Clellan's lookout. To the southward the valley of the Antietam narrows in its course toward the Burnside Bridge To the northward we are looking in the direction of Prye's Bridge. Here the fields are fruitful and the country rolling and varied so that the land scape is everpleasing in its changing grades and tiny valleys. On either side of the pike at tub? point is a cemetery. That at the north side is the village cemetery, where for years the citizens of this rural lo cality have been laid to rest On the north side is the National cemetery, one of the many spots in this conn try where sleep the soldiers who have died in the hospitals, and on the battle fields of the civil war, a part of the large army that is slowly passing away, the surviving comrades one by one joining the comrades whose graves in the National cemetery are marked by the tiny white headstones Soldiers Seized Cordwood. "N. S. Woodward," said the cap tain, "tells a good story in the last number of the Express Gazette. Wood ward served as agent of the Adamt Express company in the South during the civil war, and, put out of bus! ness early in 1864 by the operations about Knoxville, supported himself by cutting cordwood. He had a good supply on hand, in fact, quite a wooc yard of his own, when Sheridan' division camped near, and the boya confiscated every stick and chip, and were jolly over finding wood chopped and piled up ready to hand. "Of course, the men of" Sheridan'i division will pletd guilty. It was a hard winter and at many camps woo' was scarce. In this particular case there was an abundance of wood without the chopping, and the boy? appreciated Woodword's work, and ? have no doubt scores of them wIT write him at Knoxville, Tenn, ex pressing their thanks for favors ren dered in the matter of cordwooc thirty-nine years ago. This story re minds me of scores of. incidents ir which tired or freezing soldiers bom ed anything combustible, frost shingles to saw logs, or from fenet rails to houses, with enthusiasm aac a reckless disregard of quences." Chicago Inter Ocean. The Field of Antietam. As compared with the battlefield or Gettysburg, the battlefield of Antietaar is quite small in area. The battle & Gettysburg continued for three days and the area covered during this tare days' conflict included a vast terri tory. The positions of the engaginf armies were varied during the battle and military movements sometimes fa eluded a wide shifting of the batfb lines. , At Antietam the Confederate in their retreat wisely selected th most advantageous position, and ta battle of the day was spent in anat tempt to turn the right flank aea Burnside Bridge and the left flank oi the Hagarstown pike. The line of bat tie of Antietam was about five mile In length; at Gettysburg the area o the battlefield is estimated as covering twenty-five square miles, and vet oi this comparatively small battlefield o Antietam in this one day's fight of the 1th of September, 1862, the tota loss of both armies in killed, woundel and missing was more than 38.000 mea Where Cranberries Are Grown. The bulk of the cranberries of tab. country come from the part of east era Massachusetts which lies Cape Cod. A SOLDIER'S CHRISTMAS."' How August . Lockaer Spent the" Merry Hotffcay m 1SW. The Journal has been requested to pub lish the letter of August Lockner to the Omaha Bee, where he recites an amy experience. We made mention of the art icle in a former Issue, and as the letter is interesting throughout, we are glad t& publish it About twenty years ago Mr! LocWher tofcd tfcfi itorjfr tn the G. A. R. hail In ttolumDos, and The Journal has pubnshed the Chicago version of the story, so that this will be the, more In teresting, coming from Mr.-Lockher di rect. - .- OMAHA. Jan. 14. To the Editor or The Keei I noticed Tederitiy" tinder the cap tion "A Brave Fight for Life." a story taken from the Chicago Inter .Ocean, which evidently Is a' recital or my own experience ,with Mosby's men during the civil war. Who .the writer Is, or how the Chicago paper secured the story, is un known to me. but the story ,is fall of errors and lacks detail, 'showing that the writer is not well posted or'has forgot ten the facts. The -few friends who heard me tell the story ..years ago' in Grand Army of the Republic hall at.Cofumbus. Neb., can tell that, for as .printed. It is an abbreviated 'recital of the facts as given by mystelf: This being' the first J time I ever saw It In print I -desire to have it appear correctly. Here Is the story: In December. 1864. quite a large body of cavalry was gathered In the lower part of the Shenadoah valley, preparing to make a raid toward OordotMvlUe, Va. The raid resulted In no particular Importance until our return. About one mile from the town of Warrenton I got into a bad scrape, an experience which I will never forget. I had gone to a well to All my canteen and returning to my horse was preparing to remount when twb'strangers, dressed In blw. with rubber Doncho.s which Severed their shoulders, came to where I was standing. They held" their revolvers under the ponchos In such a manner that the weapons were concealed My command at this time was about fifty rods distant, riding from us. One of the strangers said: "Come around the corner of the house quick, or we'll scatter your brains over this dooryard." FOUND IT NO JOKE. ' I sought to determine whether or not i was a joke. While I was deliberating my revolver was jerked from my bdt by one of the men. while the other took charge of my horse. Then I was rushed around the corner of the house out of sight. Here we all mounted and rode leisurely toward a small wood, my captors riding close to me. At this time a squad of our men was riding along the road, but was unable to realize my situation. - I was led a captive into the woods and was searched for any valuables', which I might have had.' One "of my captors then started toward the town with' me. On the way he said that Ms comrades had been mingling with our men in the town and on the road. From his conversation I was led to believe that they were Mosby's scouts, or spies. As we rode back Into the town I saw plenty of Mos by's troopers, dressed in blue and gray clothes, though we saw none of them when our troops passed through the town. In front of that leader's headquarters I saw a number of prisoners surrounded by a crowd of people. 'These 'prisoners were compelled to exchange their good blue uniforms for the tattered garments which their captors had to offer. I did not escape, and was soon garbed in an. old black overcoat, pants and old boots. I was exceedingly grateful, as I was left in possession of my shirt. A crowd of ugly, drunken fellows treated -us shame fully and threatened to take our lives. Later three of us were taken. to the edge of the town, stopping enroute at a house ocupied by a family named Grant. While we were here the drunken rabble from the town suddenly swooped' down -upon us flourishing revolvers and sabers In the air, some. more,. reckless than the others, shooting at the -prisoners. MURDER OF A PRISONER. - ". " I looked inquiringly at my captor." whose name was Powell, and asked if the pris oners were to be shot. He replied by drawing his revolver and in strong lan guage informed me that they were not. He weeded In stopping the rush of the drunken mob from riding over us. While he was seeking to protect us one of- the pursuers shot a young prisoner from the Eighth New York cavlary in the back. He fell mortally wounded, expiring a short time afterward. That shot was an incentive for others and the ruffians commenced firing promis cuously at the prisoners. Unseen, I dropped from my horse, the animal serv ing as a barrier. The other prisoner, an old man from the Seventeenth Pennsyl vania regiment, was wounded in the hip. Guards ami 'civilians rushed from the hoiiss and shamed the attacking ruffians sufficiently so that they desisted In their 'tellish work. I was promised protection 'jy one of Mosby's lieutenants .and later juried the dead prisoners in an open rrave in a cemetery which was in close 'roximity. , Powell was ordered to take. me south vard and turn me over to some confed erate command, and thence I was to' be .ransported to prison. We commenced" 'he journey toward Culpepper. . Powell, who inter proved to be the assassin of Secretary Seward, proved himself a talk atie and social, besides a brave man.. He Informed me that I was safe from all harm as long as I acted in good faith. Should I attempt to escape, he said, he would do liis duty and shoot me. To im press his words, he whipped out his re volver and sent three bullets whizzing in succession into a fence post, also show ing, his unerring aim. POWELL'S CAREER AS A SPY. We stopJ at a farm house, where he seemed snewhat acquainted, and heart ily ate or cornbread, bacon and corn oof fe. After the meal he asked one of the young women to play upon the piano for niw, wmen request was granted. We then resumed our Journey, during which he be came talkative and informed me that his father was a Baptist minister in Florida. At the commencement of the war Pqwell said he laC ran away from home, drifted to Richmond, made himself useful about headquarters, engaged In secret work be tween that city and Washington, had been in Canada on duty for the cause, beside some serious situations in Balti more, finally joining Mosby's band, where, he said, he could help relieve a Yankee Itf.ymaptiT of his greenbacks once in a while, which he did by going to Wash ington and spying out information pre sumably at Mrs. 8urrats residence. His conversation revealed to me that he was the most tatter secessionist I ever knew. When I intimated that the south could not hold cut much longer he uttered an oath and said that his cause had 300.038 men enlisted and that we would have to walk over their dead bodies. He also said that if necessary they would kill the head of our government. This remark did not cause any particular impression on me at the time, as I considered it made during his, rage. In the light of later developments he must- have been in con&piracy wtth Wllkes Booth at the time. irSCAPE FROM CUSTODY. Darknes finally overcame us while we were enroute. We stopped at a farm house, had lunch 'and then spread out blankets for the night, sleeping side by side. I noticed that he kept his. pistol in his coat bosom and also that the win dows were not locked. I removed my boots, and with my saddle I made a head rest. Our overcoats served as coverings. I was never more awake in my life. My guard acted as though he desired me to go to sleep first, so 'I laid quiet and breathed heavy. About midnight I sur mised that Powell was soundly steeping: I raised myself slowly to a sitting pos ture, moving cautiously to determine if be would discover my actions. Taking my clothing. I reeehed the window and raised If 'cautiously: .The Soda shone between some clouds just at thai foment' and had Powell awakened I would have made aa excellent target as I clambered through the window. Once outside I es caped for the woods. I bad noticed a road running in a west erly direction and this I chose, intending to reach the Blue Ridge, which I could follow to Harper's Ferry and friends. I reached a, river filled with floating ice. The wind blew cold from the northwest. It was Christmas day; MM. No other alternative left but to remove my cloth ing. I did so. waded into the. chilling -stream, battling with the Ice to prevent -being carried down stream. Every bone in my. body, ached. I Became numb and half blind. I thought that I would perish, but Anally was able, half paralysed, to reach the opposite shore, where I revived myself by brisk rubbing. I dressed and ran as hard as I could to start my blood circulating. About daylight- a group of horsemen passed on the road, while I sought concealment behind a tree. A dense fog prevailed, ' which aided me in my tramp across the field and through Woods. The weather cleared at noon and I discovered the Blue Ridge 'just before me. At the time I was in an open coun- try. TERRIBLE SUFFERING FOLLOWS c ' ESCAPE. While pondering over my situation four troopers hove in sight. They discovered me as quickly as I did them. I jumped over a rail fence and greeted .them with a "Good morning." They nodded, then questioned me to ascertain If there were any Yanks around, and finally rode away. A 'strawstack near by proved a shelter and bed for me Until 5 o'clock in the even ing. A snow storm 'had set in while I slumbered and I was cold, stiff and sore In every muscle. I traveled north to gain the -Ridge' and its wooded shelter. Through thesnow storm I traveled while I saw an occasional preparation for merry Christmas celebration. I gradually grew weak and hungry. Seeing a large, well lighted house, bout midnight, I surmised that the inmates were dancing, and ap proached the residence. Seeking out tho barn I found shelter there, and the only bed afforded me was a pile of chaff. When I awoke my bjots were frozen sol idly to my feet. It was nearly impossible for me to walk. Upon looking out I saw smoke arising from the chimney of one t the negroes' shanties. I had hoped for this. I approached it and rapped upon the door. It was opened by a big negro woman. With teeth chattering, I pleaded for admittance and warmth. I sat before the big log fire on the hearth and actually burned those boots. I was closely ques tioned by the negress. when I requested my food, and with much doubt was served with a scanty repast. She told me when she handed me the food to net ut for the woods, as there were soldiers, In the house. I obeyed. LAST STAGE OF THE JOURNEY. About two hours later I met a mounted rebel officer in the woods. After search ing me. I was permitted to resume my Journey. My feet, feverish and sore. made 'walking almost impossible. I was sick at heart and about to approach a house and throw myself Upon the mercy of the occupants in my appeal for aid, when I looked down from the brow of a, hill and there, waving in the sun, was Old-Glory, near Harpjr's Ferry, fluttering over -Bolivar Heights. So near friends 1 was instilled with new vigor, and once more buried myself in the security of the woods. Dizziness often overcame me. but I valiantly pushed forward. Darkness soon came with the twilight. Under the cover of it, I continued in my flight, until about 10 o'clock, when I heard the long expected challenge of our picket out in Lewray valley. I was taken to the pick et's tent, where my boots were cut from my feet. An ambulance from Harper's Ferry removed me to the hospital, where I was a patient for three months before my health returned and my feet were cured. This is the true story, as Colonel Mos by. who visits our state occasionally the?e days, .must acknowledge:' at least bo -'much of it as came to' his notice. Lewis Powell, alias Payne, when on trial for "his .'life in Washington, brought the old couple. Mr. and Mrs. Grant, from Warenton,. and they testified that on De cember S3, 1861. Powell saved the lives of two Union prisoners in front of their house. I recognized his picture, after the assassination of President Lincoln, in the illustrated papers. In his last statement he related the passages here mentioned tn. his .career, which vouches for the truth and veracity of my story. A. LOCKXER. Company H, 21st X. Y. Cavalry. GET RID OF LUMBER. OCeVFashioned Things That the Home May Well Be Without Here are a few things that must be banished from a room with pretensions to taste: Papered ceilings; pale, char acterless colors; the insipid pinks, blues, violets and greens that the cal ciminera are addicted to; Nottingham lace 'curtains; draperies, tidies, etc.; meaningless bows of ribbon tied on various objects; frilled or flounced lamp shades; plush sets; stationary rockers; folding beds; over-mantels; plush frames; sofa cushions adorned with Gibson girls or other pictures. You may already be burdened with one of these things and be unable to discard it. In that case try to live down the crime, but do net add to it Last Christmas day Clarissa showed me with a grimace a present from an old family friend. It was a small plas ter, bust of the worthy man, a fat per son with side whiskers. He had his bust modeled and a large number of them cast for Christmas presents to bis' friends. "And mother says we must keep that object on our drawing room mantel or good -Mr. Worthy's feelings will be hart," observed my young lady, dis dainfully. The next time I called the bust bad vanished, and I inquired about it "Hush!" said Clarissa, glancing around. "Has mother gone upstairs? Well, then, I gave Hilma a quarter to break it accidentally when she dusted." That Is one way of getting rid of things. The Pilgrim. FRANKLIN SLEPT IN CHURCH He and President Adams Tried Pa tience of Preacher. Senator Quay of Pennsylvania has been for years a student of the life of .Benjamin Franklin, regarding whom he knows much more than is printed In the hooks. Senator Quay says that on a certain Sunday morn ing daring the administration of John Adams, Franklin atteaded church with the president, and, since both states men had sat np late the night before, both fell asleep during the progress of the sermon. The chaplain bore with the slumber of his two chief auditors for some time, bat Anally rage got the better of him. "Mr. Franklin! Mr. Franklin!" he called from the pulpit Mr. Franklin awoke, and looked up, startled. Mr. Franklin, pardon me for In terrupting you," said the chaplain In a grim voice. "I only wished to re quest yoa sot to snore so loud, lest yoa awake the president" Fellow It It is not necessary to catch -up with avgood example. Just keep following It and you will be all right Seattle last-IaiaOIcaacer. S '7rsmmlspB -X;f2 Notes of Agricultural Advance; . Hampton Normal and Agricultural astitate has Introduced the teaching if agriculture Into all Its courses, ae jeatftatlag the employing of two as sistant lnstractors -in agriculture. During- the past summer there were let out on the grounds of' the Tus legee Station in Alabama 300 mul berry trees, with a view, to making sxperiments in silk culture in the future. Prof. H. M. Cottrell, formerly di rector of tho Kansas 'Experiment station, is now professor of agricul ture in Ruskin College,, located at Trenton, Missouri. This college Is the educational institution of a large co-operative movement that has oth tained considerable prestige In Kan sas, Missouri and adjacent states., The Bureau of Plant Industry of the United States Department of Agri culture has had an agent In Europe studying the sand-binding grwes and their management in Holland, Belgium, France and Germany. .This work is likely to have very important results on the utilization of millions of acres of drifting sand along bur seacoasts, lakes and rivers. e The North Carolina State Board of Agriculture Is doing some work of a very valuable kind. It has estab lished three experiment farms in dif ferent parts of the state, two on the light soils along the coast, and one on the 'red Piedmont clay. Experi ments are being carried on to test fertilizers, cultural methods, rota tions, and varieties of corn, cotton and peanuts. Some of the work is co operative. This work is entirely dis tinct from that of the state experi ment station at-Raleigh or of the hor ticultural experiment station at South ern -Pines. At the New Mexico Station the in terest in the irrigation experiments continue. One good result of- the work of the station has been the dis covery of the fact that in the Mesiila Valley at least the supply of under ground water is very much larger than was considered possible. This water is reached at a depth of only 20 feet in some cases, and is well adapted to. irrigation purposes. Us ing steam made by the use of wood It was found that land could be Irri gated at an expense of about 58' cents per acre. This was the case, too. when the water had to be raised 48 feet. A series of tests with various pumps under varying conditions, and with a variety of fuel is In progress. Possibilities in Truck Growing. Recently the writer was. favored with a visit from Mr. Fred Engel, of Dolton,- Illinois. That gentleman is a truck gardener, and on a little over 25 acres of land, makes a living for his family of six persons. He says he could make a living off 10 acres if he had too. Asked as to his most profitable crop this year, he replied' "that it was asparagus. Off this he had in the past cleared $200- per acre. This is an illustration of what .intensive farming can do.. He had also, he said, made good profits from his crops of potatoes, cabbages and onions: Intensive culture must be looked to for profits in the -future. It is not so much a problem of how to get more land to farm, as it is a question of how to get off the land now under cultivation double the amount we now obtain. That such an increase is possible on the aver age is absolutely certain, as the av erage production per acre is very low. The use of fertilizers makes it possible to increase the products of the garden, and the draining of the land, where natural drainage is not perfect, is another means to make the land more productive. There are great possibilities of de velopment in this part of the farm work. By the last census more than 150,000 farms are shown to be grow ing such large ' quantities' of this kind of produce that they are put down under the head of vegetable farms. We can learn much in meth ods from the French and Belgian farmers, who grow tremendous crops on small areas. The gardeners around our great cities are also mak ing some good records, which should be taken to heart by the men whose methods needs intensifying. Farm ers' Review. Importance of Good Seed Corn. There are nine and a quarter mil lions of acres in corn in this state. By adding five bushels per acre to the yield of, the Iowa cornfields it means an addition to the profits of the Iowa farmers of over 120,000,000 every year. An Important factor in the Improvement of corn is good seed corn. Good seed is secured only by careful and intelligent selection. The unfavorable conditions for the corn crop this fall, .resulting from the ear ly frosts in many portions of Iowa, will make necessary unusual care in the selection- of seed corn for next year's crop. Successful breeders agree that the best. seed corn .Is that which possesses the greatest vitality or germinating power, and which will yield the most corn per acre and of the best quality, and therefore prove the most profitable to grow. Good seed corn will increase the yield per acre five to twenty bushels. Hence tbe importance this year of taking unusual care In selecting and storing tbe seed corn which is to be used next spring in the 'fields of Iowa. Prof. P. G. Holden. ' Milk ef Spayed Cows. A French paper reports some tests made to ascertain the composition of the milk of spayed cows. It was thought that the milk from such cows would prove to be more uni form than the milk from cows more subject to the natural incidents of maternity. This did not prove to be the case, the usual variations occur ring as in the case of unspayed cows. On the other hand, there- was a very notable increase in the' fat content of the milk and of the sugar of milk. The experimenters expressed the be lief that this milk would prove espe cially suited to the use of infants. But this Is another theory waiting to be proven. Manley Miles says that the most serious, objections to the Cochins Is their frequent and persistent inclina tion to sit This fever generally comes on after every dozen or twenty eggs laid. It requires about three days ab sence from the nest to break up this teadeacy. smmmmVmsmmmmmmmlsmmml awHSSSSSSSSBSSSJBSBSSBBSSSJB .Ignorant Poaltry Raisers faJL John H. Robinson: When one rin dertakes poultry keeping the charfces are against' his success. But,- unfortunately,- nearly every beginner thinks himself or- herself, the talented and favored or exceptionally industrious person who Is sure to succeed,- aid therefore neglects to take thfe neces sary precautions to avoid failures. With rare exceptions those engaging in poultry keeping on any consider able scale begin without any adequate practical knowledge of the conditions, requirements and methods of the bus iness. If they happen to have abun dant capital to carry on the business until they have learned In the costly school of experience what they ought to have known before investing a dollar.-they must finally make a suc cess of it, but the- greater part of the original investment and also of the expenses for several years, may have to be charged off to cost of acquiring ex perience The most serious cases are those of people with limited means who go into poultry keeping, ex pecting it to give them their living almost from the start As far as my observation goes the greater number of persons who once become deeply In terested in poultry, and decide to ven ture into it will take bad advice la preference to good every time I sap pose this .is because thd bad advice is more in line with their hopes and wishes. The daily care "of poultry Is neither as easy as some think it, nor as hard as others make it It is easy when you know how, and it is neither a long nor a difficult task to know how. There is a great difference be tween doing work well and doing it profitably. Permanent success in any line of work depends, as a rule, upon doing it both well and profitably. How I Get Winter Eggs. From Farmers' Review: Our ex - perience in getting winter eggs has only been with Buffs and Barred Rocks. The first thing is to have pure-bred stock, as no definite result can be expected from miscellaneous crosses. For Barred Rocks the chicks should be hatched the last two weeks of March, or the first half of April, but the Buff Rocks may be hatched as late as the middle of May. Then care should be" taken to 'keep them grow ing from the time they leave the shell. Above all. keep them free from lice When the time arrives for placing the stock in winterquarters. cull out all the drones, and those inclined to take on fat too readily, for a lazy hen like a lazy poultryman is not a suc cess. Do not crowd the stock. Fif teen to .twenty hens are enough in one pen. See that the house is warm. Keep the floor covered about six inch es deep .with straw or some other lit ter. This should be renewed about once a week or often enough to keep the house -cleanly. For our morning feed we-use the Andrews prepared food, made by a company at Ma con, 111. The foundation of this feed is ground oats and corn, with some secret ingredients. This is a great egg' producer. We mix this feed with milk, boiled vegetables, meat scraps, blood meal or any table scraps. We give what will be eaten up in fifteen to twenty minutes. We then scattei wheat. in the litter,-just enough tc keep them busy till supper time. We then give them a good feed 'of corn. In real, cold weather this should tic warmed. Give plenty of milk and fresh water. For . an apetizer feed any kind of vegetables. Last but not least do not forget the grit and the dusting place. A. A. Anderson, Macon County, III. Feeding Young and Old Hens. On the ordinary farm it is not con venient to separate the hens into twe flocks of old and young, and the farmer will find it necessary to feed some "general purpose' ration. This should consist of not too large a quantity, of carbo-hydrates, combined with a considerable quantity of pro tein. But the farmer that keeps sev eral hundred hens can well afford tc separate his flock into two yards ol old and young. The young and grow lng birds can use a great deal of corr without becoming fat Being active they also burn up in their lungs more fat -than will older birds. There if little danger of getting them too fat the first winter, especially if they have an opportunity to exercise by scratching. The ' old hens must be fed more carefully, and care be taker to restrict their ration of corn. We have seen many a flock of hens ren dered unprofitable in winter by a toe heavy feeding of corn. It must be understood that the feeding of any ration excessively rich in carbohy drates would have the same result but there are few rations on the fara so rich in carboydrates as corn and there is little likelihood that these rations, would be fed. For both old and young bens a feed of soft food daily in winter is very good; it wil! keep their digestive organs in good condition and lessen the losses from indigestion in the spring. The Egg and Poultry Trade of 1902 Since April when storage eggs sole' as low as 14 cents per dozen, prices have been good and well sustained Sixteen cents was freely paid in Ma? and the early part of Juno. Then there was a drop of half a cent, but later a revival and steady advance until now, at the close of the year, fresh eggs are bringing 2C cents anu storage eggs 19 cents. Fewer egg: have been placed in cold storage than in 1901. The feature of the poultry season has been the scarcity of fowls ans high prices realized, in some cases al most double those of 1901. A cold wet summer interfered with the rear ing of young turkeys and not more than 60 per cent of the usual crop was grown. At the close of the yeai dressed turkeys at wholesale were bringing 17 to IS cents, against $ to 10 cents in 1901, and dressed chick ens 10 to 11 cents, against 7 to ? cent one year ago. The holiday trade made such heavy drafts on countrj reserves that light supplies are an ticipated, for the balance of the win ter. The Cochins were introduced front China about 1848 and their popularltj In this country produced what we now humorously call the "hen fever." great was the desire to possess then: that fabulous prices were paid. Ir England $500 was frequently paid foi a single cock, and equally high prices in this country. A grass garden, containing a dozer different kinds of grasses shosld b( planned for tbe coming year, if tbe farmer does not know what grasses will do best om his land. TERRORS OF RUSSIAN LYNCH LAW. IrtwlMOs oi liofac H mxw An extraordiaary affray took place t fewdays ago at Lopatchevo, a popa Icus tillage ia the goverameat of Kief, Russia. This place has lately earaed in evil repute as harboring a bead of ?attle and horse thieves, who systema tically raided tbe cattle of the vil lages and hamlets in the adjoining dis trict The rural police took little notice of the complaints of the victims, and the latter therefore took the matter of chastisement into their owa hands, rhey organized an overwhelming at tack upon Lopatchevo, which they ap proached In three columns from vari ous points. There were no firearms among the attacking parties, but they were well equipped with stout cud gels. The enemy had, however, re ceived warning and were prepared for the onslaught, which was delivered with desperate vigor. The conflict lasted a couple of hours, when the attacking party had to re tire, leaving five of their number he bind beaten to death. The defenders lost three killed, making eight fatal ities altogether. There are thirty-three combatants in hospital, many of them injured for life. Year by year, so soon as the dark nights of autumn begin, a veritable plague of horse stealing breaks out ia the rural districts of Russia. There seems to be no means of checking this avil. which is now at its yearly zenith. When one considers that the peas """"""""""""""" ir-rTrrrrww'r'-myrMrrurtfvsssrnj WOMEN ARE SHREWD CRIMINALS. VWWMWWW OU Police Officer Gives Testimony m to Their Ability as Picapocsws- Go Into Safe-Bfawmf. IMMWMA "Women are making progress along more than one line," remarked an old member of a citv noliee force. A 1 recent example shows that they are . luite as efficient as men in the matter of safe-blowing. Woman in the role of safe-blower is new to the police. The fact is that the operation of fe male offenders has heretofore been confined to offenses of the daytime or of the early part of the night. But here comes a story from Tennessee of the arrest of several women who be long to a gang of expert cracksmen, and who actually took part in a safe blowing in a small town near Nash ville, where they robbed a bank and got $1,700. "Women have often developed into epxert forgers, as for instance in the recent case of an American woman abroad who succeeded in conducting a forgery scheme for a considerable length of time, and until she had fraudulently collected a vast sum of money. They make high-class pick pockets, and. in fact, are infinitely more successful in this line of work than men. "One curious fact in this connection, despite ti-e frequent announcements publicly made of offenses of this kind committed by women, men are never on the lookout for the female pick- jyxftfijxfuas'-r-riJ"'U' ANCIENT GOLD w Proof That Ago in lritisti Zambesla, Rhodesia, or British Zambesia. ranks among the chief gold-bearing countries af the world. The ancients mined and carried away enormous quantities of the precious metal, but under the sci entific mining systems of the present day their operations will be greatly surpassed. In the recently published work on the "Ancient Ruins of Rho iesla," the authors, Messrs. Hall and Neal, endeavor to discover who the ancients were and whither the gold went Perhaps Rhodesia was tbe ancient "and of Ophir, the land of the mys terious "King Solomon's mines," but the theory is strongly combated by some investigators. Tbe ancieat gold workings are the basis of modern workings. For every ten square miles of Rhodesia there was one ancient mine, that is. there are 75.000 old holes, which means that a stupendous wealth was dug out of the earth be fore the days of Cecil Rhodes. Much of this wealth must have gone to the north and east: it was probably wrought Into the crown of the Queen of Sheba and filled the coffers of Solomon. The ancient smelting furnaces are BARNUM FOOLED THE LAWYER. Great Showman Had His Joke Even When on His Deathbed. The late P. T. Barnum was alwaya fond of a joke. His whole career was atudded with instances in which he indulged tnis propensity. But a few days before his death he summoned his lawyer to the side of the couch where he was lying. "I am much wor ried." he said, "about a certaia mat ter, and I want to consult you. My neighbor keeps peacocks. Suppose some of them should fly over into my vard, which they ara doing all the "time, and lay some esgs here. Woula these eggs belong to me or would my neighbor compel me to give them up?" The lawyer, having duly scratched his head, answered: "Well, Mr. Bar num I must take time to look into this matter. But the best thing for you to do would be to keep the eggs and let your neighbor sue for their possession. In that way your rights would be de termined and we should have a valu able test case." "Well," said Mr. Barnum, "while you are looking into the matter will you find out how it would be If the eggs were laid by pea-hens?" The lawyer swore softly to himseir, but never made any Investigation. Insanity Among Women. A German scientist. Prof. Zimmer of Berlin has of late devoted consider able timo to the Investigation of the causes of insanity among women, and has come to the conclusion that if women are admitted into competition with men the inevitable result will be a tremendous increase of insanity among the women. He finds thnt the percentage of women teachers who become insane is almost double that of the men teachers. Inquiries were also made about women employed as telegraph, sales clerks and In the telephone service, and. furthermore, with regard to women engaged in the Swiss watchmaking trade. These inquiries showed that in the occupa tions mentioned a far larger propor tion of women than men succumb to tal disorders. Drift. ant's horse is almost his only property and his chief instrument of labor, oae can understand his bitter hatred of the horse thief. His hatred le nour ished and fanned to fury by the knowl edge of the light punishment which the Russian law provides for horse steal ing. This is the explanation of the presence of lynch law in Russia and of its recent vioient manifestation. The mode of lynch law most preva lent in Little Russia is this: When a horse thief is caught the men In the village club him to death, each trying to strike in such a way as to inflict no injury more serious than a bruise. Far more horrible is the method of binding the feet of the criminal to the tail of a young and active colt. A lad leaps upon the animal's back and gal lops away over ditch and meadow. A very few minutes of a ride like this and little Is left of the horse thief. A similar punishment is to bind the thief's feet to the axle of a cart and then drive away as fast as the horse can travel. Less general is the refined method of severing the knee tendons, which makes the thief a cripple for life. A death of fearful agony is that by pin pricks. For this mode of execu tion the thief Is bound hand and foot to a bench or log. and the women are then called together and proceed to thrust aeedle8 and pins into the soles of the wretched victim's feet and other sensitive parts. r pocket unless they find themselves in a questionable resort and in bad com pany. For this very reason women find it much easier to pick a man's pocket. They can get closer to men. too, without becoming offensive, and can lift the diamond pin out of his scarf, nip bis watch and chain, or any other valuable thing he may have be fore he will ever dream of danger. "In that kind of pilfering, too. pe culiar to kleptomania, she is more successful because in this instance of the way she dresses and woman's pe culiar demeanor around the counters in dry goods stores. If a man. for in stance, should go into a dry goods store and begin to pick up little things and fumble over them, apparently for the purpose of inspection, he would at once arouse the suspicion of every clerk within visual rane. On the other hand, a woman may do exactly the same thing without exciting the least suspicion. It is simply looked upon as a matter of comparative ease for the kleptomaniac. "But the woman safe-blower is new type, as far as my experience goes, and I suppose it simply means. that the police of the country will soon be confronted with many new prob lems In dealing with the femr.le of fender." mmmmmm- MINES IN AFRICA. Om Many Ccatariaa still easy to recognize. They are sunk into the floor. The furnace blowpipes are made of the finest granite-powder cement. and the nozzles of the blow pipes are covered with splashes of gold. When the first lining became worn by the heat, a fresh lining of cement of an excellent quality, which has outlasted timo. was smeared round on top of the old lining. One can take an old lining, split off the layers with a knife and find gold splashes In abundance. Apparently the ancients wasted gold lavishly. Gold has been found in largo quantities in the form of pellets as large as buckshot in the vicinity of the furnaces, and also thrown away on the debris heaps outside of the buildings. The tools of the ancient workers which have so far been discovered in clude a small soapatone hammer and burnishing stones of water-worn rock, to which gold still adheres. There are evidences that the ancients carried on an extensive industry in the manufac ture of gold ornaments and utensils. Thirty-five thousand dollars' worth of gold ornaments have been taken In the last five years from the rums of Mata beleland alone. Youth's Companion. WHMMM HAD HEARD OF HIM. Fact That Puzzled Lawyer Is Very Easily Explained. It was a contested will case, and one of the witnesses in the course of giving his evidence described the tes tator minutely. "Now. sir," said counsel for the de fense. "I suppose we may take it. from the flattering description you have given of the testator, his good points, and his personal appearance generally, that you were intimately acquainted with him?" "Him?" exclaimed the witness. "He was no acquaintance of mine." "Indeed! Well. then, you must havo observed him very carefully whenever you saw him?" pursued the examining counsel. "I never saw him in my life," was the reply. This prevarication, as counsel thought it, was too much, and, adopt ing a severe tone, he said: "Now, now, don't trifle with the court, please. How. I ask yon, could you. in the name of goodness, de scribe him so minutely if you never saw him and never knew him?" "Well," replied the witness, and the smile which overspread his features eventually passed over the court, "you see, I married his widow." Why He Changed His Avocation. Ever since his youth Richard Le Gailienne' has worn his hair long. When he was trying to qualify hhr self as an accountant in a Liverpool office his hair was several inche.' longer than that of his fellow elerkc This looked like frivolity to the aus tere employers, who sent for him occ day. The four elderly mea sat In solemn state when Le Gailienne enter ed the private office. One of them, a stern Scotchman, said: "Mr. to Gai lienne, the Arm has decided that you have not the necessary funds to pay for a haircut and we have concluded to advance you the snm of three penes for that purpose." This incident ic said to have precipitated the younr poet's determination to ahaadea com BMrcJallife, V X-Xi flfir'SSr. :H J&gS& -V. AvV - -a - J-WT tV , ."t,V v &- .- ?N T- J VJ A- -rf v ji.i:- n.1, A- "t-hrte- - : jX-j'J v . H