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- t-rr i V .. - j ' "; WffVVVf THE NEBRASKA LEGISLATURE A Synopsis of Proceedings in Both Branches of $ the Twenty-Eighth GeneraJ j Assembly. OAAftA SENATE. At the morning session of the senate on the Gth the following bills were pass ed: S. F. US. limiting the time in which to revive a dormant Judgment. S. F "H9, providing for a time when injunc tions may be brought. S. F. 8. pro viding that in counties of 123,000 popu lation commissioners shall be elected by vote of county. S. F. 132. providing for the destruction of weeds along the high ways. S. F. 21C. 218. 213. repealing law relating to salary of deputies for treas urer and secretary of state and secre tary to gevcrnor. S. F. So. brick sale law. H. R. IS. providing for a county treasurer's seal. S. F. SO. providing for the supersedeas In cases appealed to the supreme court. The senate went Into committee of the whole to consider bills on ircncral file. S. F. 133, taxing the costs in criminal cases upon trie defend ant If he Is guilty, and If the prosecution be malicious, the prosecuting witness: ordered engrossed. S. F. - -If there are remonstrances against granting of sa loon licenses, appeal may be had to tho courts, providing that rcmonstrator give bond for 1300 for cost; indefinitely post poned. S. F. US. providing for the an nexing of territory to cltle3 and villages situated In two or more counties: or dered engrossed. S. F. 1C0. providing for the appointment of a truant officer by school boards; ordered engrossed. II. It. 1CT. favoring the election of United States senators by popular vote; recom mended for passage. A large number of bills were introduced. In the senate on the 7th the following bills were reported back by committees, with the recommendation that they be placed on the general file. S. F. 233. amending the criminal code to strike out the death penalty: II. R. 132. to appro priate to the use and benefit of the Uni versity of Nebraska the moneys known as the agricultural experiment station fund, also the Morrill fund and the uni versity cash fund: II. R. 202. to appro priate money !elonging to the state normal school fund for the purchase of books for the librray of the state nor mal schools and to provide for their maintenance: S. F. G2. relating to appeals in equity; S. F. 100. repealing the section in the criminal code relating to grand juries: S. F. 101. relating to the selection of juries: S. F. 91. authorizing judges of district courts in vacation to parole and discharge persons convicted of felonies and misdemeanors. The following bills were read the third time and passed: 8. F. 70. providing that it shall not be necessary to serve notice on minor child in case of adoption, unless the child Is over 14 years Of age: S. F. US. provid ing for the annexation of territory by cities and towns located in two or more ccuntics; S F. 9. authorizing the gov ernor to appoint a board of pardons con sisting of three members; S. F. 123. pro viding how amendments may be made to articles of incorporation. The follow ing bill was Introduced by Senator How ell: S. F. 290 An act to declare all tel ephone companies in this stats to be comon carriers: to prohibit the making of unreasonable charges and providing a remedy In case thereof; to declare cer tain charges to be reasonable charges and provide a penalty for the violation of the provisions of this act. Governor Mickey on the 9th vetoed his first bill.. The measure was S. F. 29. pro viding for the payment of fees to the commissioner of public lands and build ings. Governor Mickey stated his objec tions to the bill to be that the measure was unconstitutional in that it provided for the payment of fees to the commis sioner, while the constitution provides for payment of all fees to the state treasurer. "Warner of Dakota moved that S. F. 301. recommended by the governor, be read r first time. This was done. Mrs. Lou ise Bowser will not get the $2,000 asked of the state for the erection of a sod house at the Louisiana Purchase exposi tion. The senate indefinitely postponed the bill. II. R. 119. providing for the re ports of teachers and county superintend ents, was passed. II. R. 167. a joint res olution memorializing congress to pss a bill for the election of United States sen ators by popular vote, was passed. Com mittees reported as follows: S. Fs. 100 101. providing for a grand jury system, was recommended for indefinite postpone ment. The report was concurred In and ths bill was placed on general file. S. F. 14! providing for the erection of grain cle-ators and warehouses, was placed on general file. S. F. 240. defining cultivated lands, placed on general file. S. F. 117. nn act for opening and maintaining roads to bridges across streams separating two counties, amended and ordered engrossed. S. F. 113. providing for appeal bonds, amended and ordered engrossed. II. It 64. providing penalty for carrying con cealed weapons, ordered engrossed. The resolution offered by Senator Har rison, which provided for the appoint ment of a sifting committee, was taken uj on the 10th. Senator Harrison mov ed that Senators Hastings and Saunders be added to the committee. This com promise was accepted to save the reso lution. The resolution as amended car ried. Committees recomnicnled the fol Icwlng bills for indefinite postponement: S. F. 241. which provides the governor shall have general supervision of the soldiers' home: S. F. 242. relating to the management of the soldiers' home at Mllford: S. F. 194. providing for the government and maintenance of the school for the deaf; S. F. 59. relating to the management cf the deaf and dumb asylum: S. F. 193. providing fcr the gov ernment of the school for the blind, and S. F. 232. providing for the filing of transcript of evidence In cases of appeal. The following bills were placed on the general file: S. F. 237. providing for the building of wagon bridges on county lines; S. F. 230. regulating the crossing of wagon bridges by traction engines, and S. F. 243. fixing a maximum com pensation to be drawn by county com missioners .and members of boards of supervisors. The following bills came tip for final reading and were passed: S. F. 130. providing for the use of water for irrigation purposes; H. R. 64. fixing a penalty for the carrying of concealed weapons: H. R. 76. providing for a stay of execution after judgments are ren dered; S. F. 113. providing for appeal bonds: 8. F. 155, providing when judg ment shall be rendered; S. F. 160. pro viding for the appointment of truant of ficers; 8. F. 5S. defining the boundaries of Nebraska, and H. K. 46. providing method of giving notice of annual school meetings. The senate committee on accounts and expenditures, instructed to examine into the workings of the state printing boards, thinks the expense of the state printing Is entirely too much and in its report on the 11th made recommen dations to overcome the evil. Following this report. 8. F. 273. providing for the purchase of legislative supplies and the care of the same by the state board of public lands and buildings, and 8. F. 276, providing that this board shall con sist of the secretary of state, treasurer, attorney reneral and land commission er, were placed at the head cf the gen- eral file and then ordered engrossed. S. F. ISO. providing for the appointment of a -state accountant at a salary of &.809. was ordered engrossed. This bill was the result of a recommendation mate by the commissioner of public MUCiags fa Us report, it ' was later recommended by Governor Mickey in his message to the legisla ture. The original bill provided that a salary of $2,000 be paid the accountant, but this was cut down by the senate. It shall be thi duty of the state- ac countant to check up the books of the various state Institutions and to insti tute a systematic method of bookkeep ing. H. R. 1S7. providing that the legis lature memorialize congress to enact legislation providing for a constitutional amendment providing for the election of United States senators by popular vote, was amended by the senate and passed. After adding another long list of bills to the general file the senate passed the following: S. F. 177. relating to the commitment of girls to the state industrial school. S. F. 103. relating to boys under 18 years old convicted of crime and their commitment to the in dustrial school. S. F. 237. providing fo: roads to bridges across streams on coun ty lines. HOUSE. Instead of. taking up bills on first read ing on th3 Cth, the house, on the forti eth day of the session. Immediately went Ir.to committee of the whole and launch ed Into the ocean of bills on general file. The first two measure3 on general file were II. R. 1 and II. R. 2. both of which were, at the author's requests, passed for the day. A spirited debate ensued on a bill by Nelson cf Douglas between Nelson and Looml3 of Dodge. The bill compels a mortgagee appealing from a decree of foreclosure by a lower court to furnish bond for the rent of the land pending the continuance of the action in the appellate court. Loomis attacked the bill as a measure calculated to work serious hardship upon property owners and should not be allowed to pass. The discussion resolved Itself Into a heated controversy between the two debaters. Loomis secured tho adoption of amend ments destroying the effect of the bill. Sixty-five bills were Introduced durlnp the day, but very few were read. It was the last day on which bills could be reg ularly introduced. By previous agreement the representa tives did not expect any business on the 7th and only a bare quorum attend ed. As soon as roll call was completed nearly a dozen members left the hall and departed for their homes. The bills Introduced on Friday were read for the first time and after receiving the spe cial comunlcation of Governor Mickey on Insurance of state buildings, the house adjourned till Monday at 2. p. m. The house convened at 2 o'clock on the 9th and entered at ones on bills on second reading. Sixty-four measures, completing the list, were thus disposed of. The house took a recess at 4 o'clock until 7:20. when the revenue bill was taken up. At the first night session of the house to con sider the revenue bill held friends of the measure proved sufficiently numerous to prevent the adoption of any material amendments to the first twenty sections. Sections 19 and 20. providing for tho elec tion of county assessor and for the appointment of deputies by the county assessor with the consent of the board, occasioned the greatest debate. At the ccnclusion. however, the committee voted not to amend cither section. Section 13. enumerating property exempt from tax ation, was amended to include "fruit" in the list. On motion of Sears of Burt section It. relating to tax liens, was amended that taxes should be a "first" lien. Junkins of Gopher moved to amend section 12 by Inserting that property should be assessed at 25 per cent Instead of 20 per cent of its value. This the com mittee promptly killed. Proceeding to bills on their final pas sage, the house on the 10th passed sev eral measures of importance. H. R. 23ti, by Gilbert of Douglas, was among this number. The bill provides for more stringent registration laws In Omaha. H. R. 123. by Douglas of Rock, removing the two-thirds limit of indebtedness for railroads and alowing them to Increase their liabilities to any amount, was pass ed. H. R. 210. by Jouvcnat of Boone, in creasing the salary of the secretary of the state banking board to J2.000. that of the state bank examiner to $1,000, with $600 per annum for expenses, and prohib iting the use of commercial paper by a banking concern as part of the capital stock, was passed, as was also II. R. 323. by Hathorn of Red Willow, giving to Russell F. Loomis of Red Willow county a deed to a quarter section of land on which he settled in 1S72 and for which hi has been unable to obtain a title from the national government, which, subsequent to his homestead filing, do nated the land to bo held to the school fund of Nerbaska. The house concur red In the senate resolution to have the committee on accounts of expenditures act with the senate committee to inves tigate whether W. II. Clock Is custodian of the store room by appointment of the legislature or secretary of state. The house went into committee of the whole to consider, first. H. It 271. by Riggs of Douglas, providing a reduction in the number of the South Omaha school board members from nine to five. The committee recommended the bill for passage. The remainder of the day was consumed In consideration of the reve nue bill, an evening session also being held to deliberate on this matter. McCIay of Lancaster on the 11th In troduced In the house II. R. 4SS. In ac cordance with the request preferred by Governor Mickey In a special message, to appropriate $10,000 for the paving of the south and east sides of the capital square. The house then went Into com mittee of the whole on the general rev enue bill. The committee amendment reducing the tax on the gross receipts of foreign surety companies from 2 per cent to 1 per cent was not adopted. The committee amendment exempting from taxation of Nebraska insurance compa nies tho amount of reinsurance and can cellations was opposed by Mockett on the ground that the same exception had not been made in the taxes of outside companies. Loomis defended the amend ment as a perfectly fair one. and It was adopted. The bill as prepared provides for the taxation of all Nebraska insur ance companies "except fraternal ben eficiary associations, and mutual com panies that operate on the assessment plan, have r.o capital stock, and make no dividends." Loomis offered an amendment to strike out the words "that operate on the assessment plan, have no capital stock and make no dividends." Mockett and Sears spoke in opposition to the amendment, as did McCIay. and- Loomis vigorously defend ed It. The amendment was adopted. Nelson of Douglas offered an amend ment increasing the tax on foot ped dlers from $5 to ?10, on peddlers with a one-horse vehicle from $15 to $25. and on peddlers with a two-horse vehicle from $25 to $10. The peddler question was debated for an hour along the old familiar lines, after which the amend ment was adopted. Rouse followed this with a substitute fixing the tax for foot peddlers at $25. peddlers with a enc-horse vehicle at $30. and with two horse vehicles at $75. This is the tax Itvied under the present law. The sub stitute was unanimously adopted. Hun ter ottered an amendment to assess and tax grain, brokers on the amount ot train on AOd. & on other tangible, i property. Instead of on capital invested. The amendment was lost. Gilbert of Douglas offered an amendment to tax street railways, water works, electric light companies and gas companies on the basis of tangible property and gross receipts instead of on the basis of tan gible property and the full value of the franchise. The amendment was, after discussion, declared lost. THE PRINTING INVESTIGATION. Following Is the report of the com mittee appointed to Investigate workings of the state printing board: Your committee on accounts and ex penditures, instructed to investigate the workings of the state printing board, have duly examined tho records of said board and find that only a portion of the prjnted supplies contemplated by law to be purchased by and through the printing board have been so pur chased, and this not only during the last blennium. but during the biennium preceding it. Questioned by your com mittee as to why all supplies had not been purchased by said board, the offi cials of the board stated that it was due to the failure of heads of depart ments and state Institutions to furnish quarterly estimates as is plainly requir ed by law. Inquiry from the officials of the board prior to the last blennium elicited the same Information. The board was of the opinion that if the law should be observed by all state offi cials and the officers of state institu tions, and the entire printing supplies of the state be purchased and contracted for by the printing board, as directed by law. the costs of same would be mate rially reduced. Your committee visited each depart ment of state and by the heads of each In turn It was admitted that during the last biennium the heads of each depart ment, from the governor's office down, and the heads of each state Institution, had purchased stationery and their needed office supplies as they saw fit, aiming to place orders to the best ad vantage possible. Their attention was called to the law governing the pur chase of such supplies, and by each it was admitted that the provisions of the statutes had been disregarded. Ignor ance of the law was given by some as tho reason for such disregard, while others stated that they were familiar with the law. but had simply followed In the footsteps of their predecessors. All agreed that the law should and would be strictly adhered to hereafter, and each was of the opinion that such a course would result in a great savins to the state. A further conference was held with the printing board and it was agreed that hereafter the bord would Insist that all printing and printed supplies must be furnished through and by the printing board as contemplated by law. LEGISLATIVE NOTES. Belden of Richardson has Introduced in the house another bill cutting off the fat fees of the clerk of the supreme court. It goes farther than the other measure and fixes the salary for the reporter, clerk and librarian of the su preme court, who is the same individual, at $1,500 a year for all services rendered. It allows the clerks two assistants, one of whom shall be a stenographer, and receive not more than $1,200, and three additional clerks at $600 each a year.- Mr. Belden said it is the same bill he intro duced two years ago. He thinks that as the session is so near an end there will be little chance of the bill's passage. Close on the death of H. R. 330 is born another measure contemplating taxation of railroad terrminals for municipal pur poses, constructed on the same funda mental principle as both house rolls 171 and 330. This new bill was Introduced in the senate by Saunders of Douglas. Douglas county members assert that this is their first step In renewing the fight, and that it will be followed by others calculated to force the sanction of this proposition upon this legislature. The Saunders bill merely provides that tho railroad property shall be assessed and taxed on its fair cash value for city purposes the same as other property, and that in fixing the standards of as sessment and taxation the figures as re turned by the State Board of Equaliza-. tlon shall not be taken by the city tax commissioner, except for school pur poses. A bill has been introduced by Roberta of Dodge providing for the creation of, the new state department of architec ture. It provides that the governor shall be the official head of the department and may appoint a deputy at a salary yearly of $2,000; that this deputy shall be a competent architect and have charge of the erection and repair of all state buildings and be allowed additional help at modest prices. Bobbins of Gage. In the house, wants a building erected at Beatrice for the Ne braska Institute for Feeble Minded Youths at a cost of $23,000. and he intro duced a bill asking the legislature to set aside this amount. PETITION FOR REVENUE BILL. The following petition was presented from Richardson county: "To tho Honorable Charles I. Norrls, H. S. Belden. W. H. Hogrefe and Cass Jcncs. senator and representatives. State house. Lincoln. Neb.: "Whereas. The stock of one of our mer chants Is taxed for city purposes $17,SS; his store building. $31.00. and one of our banks $111.50. and all other property on the same basis, except the railroads; and, "Whereas. The Atchison & Nebraska railroad pays only $39,43. and the Mis souri Pacific railroad $75.30, for the same purposes upon all of their property, con sisting of right of way from 1O0 feet to 330 feet wide, together with three-fourths of a mile each of main line, side water tanks, semaphore, besides our proportion of the rolling stock and Intangible prop erts. aggregating in our estimation a sum much greater than the value re turned by the state board of equalization; and which by law we are entitled to as sess within our limits, making the taxes greatly disproportionate to our property: and, "Whereas. S. F. 248 would give our city. In common with all others of the state, the right to assess railroad property for municipal purposes on the same basis as all other property In the city without re ducing of affecting taxes paid by rail roads for other purposes: "Therefore. W"e. the citizens of Falls City, here respectfully request you to use al honorable means to have said measure enacted Into law." ENFORCING MAXIMUM RATES. Kennedy of Douglas, author of the house resolution providing for the en forcement of the maximum freight rate law. introduced a "bill constituting the governor, commissioner or public lands and the state treasurer a board to have charge of these rates.. They shall raise and lower them as provided by law. At present this function is vested in no liv ing body. The law vests the duty in the board of transportation, which Is a mis nomer, since this board has ceased to exist. Mr. Kennedy's object is to secure every means and facility of strengthen ing his movement to Insure the en forcement of the maximum freight rates, which he contends have not been en forced. GUARD THE SLOCUM LAW. The alacrity with which the senate in definitely postponed a bill to change the Slocum liquor law Friday was pleas ing to the friends of high license. Glffin ot Dawson, Wall of Sherman, Warner of Dakota. Hasty of Furnas, O'Neill of Lancaster. Jennings of Thayer, Ander son of Saline, and half a dozen others from al! parts of the state emphatically resisted a"ny attempt to better the law. on the ground that It bad been tried since 1SS1, found to work well and was jealously guarded by the people. Pem bcrton of Gage sought to show that a slight amendment would prevent black mailers frcm making; annual raids on the treasury. My Day's A-Coming I know my "saying's common, But it's no less wrong for that ij (It's like some other -proverbs That we rattle off. so pat). It's not a healthy doctrine. For ft brings too little cheer.. Don't say. "My day's a-comin " Why, your day is always here! None of the days is labeled. They are every one for you; Your day. If you'll but use it For the best that you can do. Your day and the one who gave It Every night your strength restores. Don't say: "My, day's a-comlng" For the one that's here is yours. In God's last grand accounting 'Twill be asked of you and me Just how we used our day-store In the place where mortals be. Then. If you spent them waiting. All the wasted days you'll rue. Your day was never "coming" You'll find they were all for you. Col. Kneffier's Regiment. The Seventy-ninth, commanded by Col. Frederick Kneffler Is memorial ized on the battlefield of Chlckatnauga. An eagle grasps a laurel branch above To the Seventy-ninth Indiana, the state seal. This regiment cap tured the only confederate battery captured and held. Getting Whisky Into Camp. "The first Christmas I spent in the army was a very dismal one," remark ed Lieut. Crate of the Northeastern district the other day. Lieut Crate saw hard service in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. "I remember how the authorities got next to the fact that a lot of whisky was being smuggled into the camp and how the boys managed to outwit them and get the liquor anyhow in time for Christmas. "There was a baker who furnished the camp with bread. After a short time it was noticeable that every time the baker visited the camp there was a large number of the boys who were forced to do penance for being drunk, an offence that was strictly prohibit ed. The authorities set a watch, with the result that one day when the baker arrived his stock of bread was in spected and a number of bottles of good old whisky discovered baked in several of the loaves. The entire load was confiscated and sent to headquar ters, where, no doubt, it was deeply appreciated. "For seme time the boys were at their wits end to contrive some scheme to smuggle the whisky into the camp without being detected, and at last one of the crowd, who liked his little nip so well that he could not forego the pleasure any longer, con trived an ingenious plan that was a howling success from tho start and lasted for a long time before it was eventually found out. When one of the boys went down into town he would buy a common earthen jug and a number of hog bladders. The blad ders Y.-ere placed in the jug in such a way that the openings hung outside. The nest visit was made to where the whisky was obtainable. "Each bladder was then carefully filled with the liquor, the neck tied up and let drop into the jug: After the jug was filled with as many blad ders as was necessary, the next call would be made to a grocery, where the space between the bladders and the of the jug would be filled with mo lasses. Coming back to camp the man with the jug would be halted by the sentry, who would dip his finger in the jug to see what it contained, and, finding nothing but molasses, would permit the owner to pass. When quar ters were reached tho molasse3 was carefully drawn off, after which the jug was broken and the bladders of whisky distributed to those who had contributed toward the purchase. It was many a long day before it was found out where the soldiers secured their drinkables." Baltimore Sun. Revisits Old Battlefield. Forty years had passed away since I took part in the stirring scenes of the eventful and fateful Seven Days' battles, writes Harrison Hume in the Boston Herald. On a bright winter morning I left Richmond to traverse once more those bloody fields. Traveling by the Wiliamsburg road I came to Seven Pines, the scene of a desperate but indecisive contest. Thence by the Nine Mile road to Fair Oaks. I was here reminded of the old days, for the mud was knee deep. Here I tcok the same road leading to Chickahominy over which Sumner passed when he came to our rescue that terrible afternoon of May 31, 1862. I called at the Trent house, McClel lan's headquarters. This once famous house and plantation is now rapidly going to ruin. The trees, however, under which his tents stood, are yet alive. Approaching the river" I found it the same capricious, uncertain, treacherous stream as forty years ago. It had rained two days before, and as In '62 it had overflowed its banks. . I thought my old but trusty mule would have to swim for it. for. although the stream In normal condition Is only about three rods wide, the road was overflowed for nearly half a mile. Once across, however. I came very' soon to the historic field of Gaines Mills. Historic, because upon the same ground, virtually, was fought two very Dloody battles of the war Gaines Mills and Cold Harbor. In '62. upon this ground, Lee attacked Mc Clellan. In '64 Grant attacked Lee. The intrenchments of both battles are still plainly to be seen, and 'in some places are near each other. I was, therefore, enabled to visit both fields on the came day. Stopping for a glass of water at the McGhee house, I was served from the same well, where so many- wounded 1I, and dying men quenched their thirst that battle afternoon. It was served also by the owner, who fought over his own land that day. Veteran's Proud Record. Joseph Levoy ofCiaremont, N. H., Is believed to be the heaviest barber in the world. He weighs 350 pounds. He is 5 feet 7 Inches tall, wears a No. 8 shoe, measures fifty-six Inches around his waist and fifty-four inches around the body under the arms, but in spite of his great size and weight gets around easily. He Is, withal, a very powerful man. At the second battle of Bull Run in a charge across the railroad he shot one rebel, then ran forward, grasped the next man. and started with him toward the rear On the way he met another rebel, took him' in the same way and brought both into the fed eral line. For this he was commended In orders read before the regiment at dress parade and was named for a commission, but he failed to pass at the examination, having only a lim ited education. At Brandy station his regiment, the Second United States Cavalry, charged a regiment of rebel cavalry and while hotly engaged he saw a rebel about to cut djSwn one of his comrades. This he prevented. The rebel then tried to run him through but he warded off the thrust and then shot the rebel with a revolver. Gen. Merritt, seeing this, wrote a letter of commendation, which is carefully preserved and cherished by Mr. Le voy. He was ordered before a board of officers to be examined for a cap taincy in a colored regiment. In 1864, while his regiment was guarding a supply train coming from the Luray valley it" was surprised by Mosby's men. It retreated a short distance then rallied and soon had Mosby's men flying back into the mountains and here Mr. Levoy took another prisoner. Refused Money From McClellan. An old soldier of the name of Sprague was in the city a few days last week, says the Ohio State Jour nal, and he told a pleasant story of his war experience. He was a skilled blacksmith when the war came on, but dropped a profitable trade to enlist, landing at last with his regiment down in Gen. McClellan's army. The army made a forward move ment, and McClellan's horse cast a shoe. The horse could not travel, and the general was in a fix. AH such baggage, as army forges, was away behind, and there was no blacksmith to be found near. Officers were dis patched in every direction to find a man who could shoe a horse. Sprague's captain asked him if he could shoe a horse. Sprague replied: "Yes, but there is nothing to do the vork with." The captain .said a rebel blacksmith outfit had just been captured, and Sprague undertook the job. McClel lan and his staff stood around Sprague and watched the job with great inter est. Sprague in telling the story said: "I found the hoof had been split, but I trimmed it up nicely and put on a shoe in the best style I could. When the job was completed McClellan pulled a 5 gold piece from his pocket and offered it to me, but I declined it, thinking the honor of shoeing the general's horse was sufficient. I was young then; it wasn't long until I wished I had taken that goldpiece, for I went hungry several times soon after, when that money would have helped me out. I never would be guilty of such a trick again." Shrewdness: of Gov. Tod. "Gov. Tod of Ohio was a wonderful mobilizer of troops," said a veteran recently. "When Cincinnati was in danger in 1862 he ordered the farmers of certain counties to provide them selves with quilts or blankets, squirrel rifles and ammunition, and, after or ganization into companies, take the trains for Cincinnati. The farmers, old and young, did as requested, and in less than a week 15,000 men who knew how to shoot were in Cincinnati or in Kentucky ready to shoot. These were the famous 'squirrel hunters and Gov. Tod always believed that they and their squirrel rifles scared Kirby Smith and led to his retreat Certainly the 'squirrel hunters' of Ohio in tfinf iA4r1r roennnco tr ttin ovwor. nor's appeal demonstrated that Tod I knew something of the men who had ! voted him into office." A Metal Abdomen. Gen. Snowden Andrews, who died in Baltimore the other day, enjoyed the distinction of being the only man in the 'world who possessed a metal ab domen. Being punctured below the belt he rattled like a tin pan. His en tire bay window was shot off in the war and his bowels were spread upon the ground. "Here's another dead one," said the surgeons, gathering up the intestines dong with a few band fuls of sand and piling them back into the body. The wounded soldier show ed signs of life, and they sewed him up with a piece of tarred string. Later on he got a metal front, which h wore to the day of his death. World's Supply of Gold. It is anticipated that the world's supply of gold will be doubled in the next ten years. Pressure on Boilers. Water tube boilers are now made to stand a pressure of 350 pounds to the square inch. The Old Piano. With tarnished keys, once white as milk. And candles that for light did duty. In bravery of fluted silk. Pathetic In its faded beauty. Our gentle household god! It stands Past any miracle of tuning; Dumb to the cost persuasive hands. Dead, with its dear and dead com munity. And yet. when summer nights are long. A hand seems searching through it; treasure Of peaceful Sabbath evensong And stately chant, or warlike measure. Those dear old tunes our mothers knew! That fell so lightly from their fingers; Sweet spirits! Far away they flew. But still their music with us lingers. Of soi;'s incarnate mystery The very home, with memories throns ing: Xot passive wood and ivory. But rife with human love and long ing. So lovingly we guard its fate. Well may the sternest cynics falter! By such sweet gifts unconsecrate No aUen sods shall have its altar. BfffaBfBfffffffffffffffffH iV "ffffffffffffffffffffffjet 9mJ ' Facte on Michigan Live Stack. The January report of the Secre tary of State of Michigan gives the following information on the condi tion of and prices for live stock in that state: The average condition of live stock in tho state Is reported as follows, comparison being with stock in good, healthy and thrifty condition: Horses, cattle, sheep and swine, each 96 per cent The average price of fat cattle was 4.03 per cwt, of fat hogs 5.69 per cwt, and of dressed pork $6.13 per cwt The average price of each class of horses was as follows: Under one year old 30.72; between one and two years old. $48.90; between two rod three years old, $73.03; three years old and over, $101.06. Milch cows were worth $35.41 per head. Cat tle other than milch cows, under one year old, were worth, per head $11.22; between one and two years old, $19.32; between two and three years old, $29.29, and three years old and over, $37.90. The average price of sneep under one year old was $2.69, and one year old and over, $3.39, and hogs not fatted wer.e worth $4.98 per cwt The prices of all kinds of live stock are higher than one year ago. Fat cattle and fat hogs are worth 20 cents more per cwt while dressed pork is worth 63 cents less than one year ago. Best Horse-Breeding Section. Dr. C. D. Smead of New York state cays: Where are the best locations for horse breeding? I will say that there are good locations in nearly all the states of the Union, and there are also bad ones. The New England states where there are pasture lands are by far too rough and rocky. The danger of accidents with resulting blemishes is a serious drawback in pasturing colts upon steep hill sides or the rocky pasture lands where sheep and cattle may do well. The level lands of all the eastern states are far too valuable for the owners to use them as horse pastures. And the same can be said of many sections of the central states. Kentucky, with her rolling lands and blue grass pastures, has in the past and can in the future, produce fine horses. So can New York and Ohio; also parts of Pennsyl vania. But let these states produce all they can and they cannot supply anywhere near what the future de mand will be for first-class horcss. The horse breeding section of the United States must be west of the Mississippi river. That Is where the great ranges are found, covered with both the wild and domestic grasses, the essential thing in growing horses cheaply. Prolificacy of Swine. Prof. Thomas Shaw: That the bacon types of swine are more pro lific than the lard types will be ques tioned. The only uncertainty regard ing it is the percentage of the In crease in prolificacy. It Is Impossible to get exact figures on such a ques tion. But the claim will be moderate which assumes that while the aver age litter from the lard types will not be more than six, the average reared litter from the bacon types will not be less than eight This means, there fore, increased productiveness in the bacon types to the extent of 25 per cent In other words, the man who winters over 200 brood sows of the lard types to accomplish a certain result will only have to winter over 15 bacon sows to accomplish the same result He will therefore effect a sav ing of the food of maintenance for five brood sows for a whole year, while the result in production will be the same. Apply this to the millions of brood sows in the United States and the sum will run up into the millions every year, and owing to the intimate relation between prolificacy and good milking qualities the bacon sows will feed their offispring better during the .nursing period. Of Interest to Importers of Live Stock. A bill has been introduced Jn the house cf representatives at Wash ington to amend the act under which animals imported for breeding pur poses are admitted free of duty. Un der that act, as recently construed by the board of general appraisers of New York, duty must be paid on breed ing animals imported for sale. The ruling of the board of appraisers has been contested and the case will prob ably be carried to the supreme court In the meantime the amendment has been proposed which, if passed, will make tho act read: "Any animal im ported especially for breeding pur poses shall be admitted free, whether intended to be so used by the importer himself, or for sale for such purpose." As the adverse ruling is based on a technical point which has never be fore been raised, we have no doubt legislators will make any amendments needed to carry out the spirit of the law. Wisconsin Pear Region. -W. J. Moyle: On the west shores of Lake Michigan, extending the en tire length of the state, is a belt of land reaching from ten to twenty miles inland, where the pear seems to thrive equally well with the apple. The high, rolling lands of eastern Racine county can be classed among them. In traveling up and down this territory one will come across many small- orchards and individual trees that have paid the planter well for the ground they have occupied. Surpris ing cs it may seem, nevertheless it Is true, that with fifteen years' experi ence in growing the pear I have found it as hardy in the tree and fruit buds as our best apples, for during the severe winters that we have recently passed through, when fruit trees of all descriptions were killed, my pear trees pulled through and gave me a fair crop of fruit every season, a very valuable feature with the pear, as after the trees once begin to bear you can always expect some fruit every season; at least this has been my experience. Preventive Measures. A mother was sitting by the fire one evening, rocking her little three-year-old boy, and singing, "My Country, 'Tis of Thee." When she came to the words, "Land where my fathers died," the little one's lip began to quiver and the brown eyes fiiled with tears and looking up in the mother's face, he asked piteously: "Why didn't they give the 'Fathers' a pill?" Little Chronicle. George Stephenson's father vas fire can in a colliery Opportunity generally knocks dur ing office hours. Why Poor Cattle Are Marketed. From Farmers' Review: In reply to your inquiry: Why are there so many immature, half-fat cattle being sent to market? I would say: In the first place a good number of these cat tle were bought last fall on 90 day paper. That paper has matured. Those holding that paper ask payment or renewal at higher rates. Many of these feeders have not confidence in the markets justifying them in hold ing and feeding to ripeness, so they send them in. Others who have been feeding soft chaffy corn have not had the gain they looked for. Their corn has not held out as they expected. They do not feel safe in buying and feeding on the present prospects. So they send the cattle In. Still there are others who would like to continue to feed but they see the efforts put forth against the meat combine, the object of which is to lower the price of meat to the consumer. They see nothing from this but the lowering of the market to the producer. They know that to sell now will incu a loss, but they feel satisfied that to continue to feed with a lowering mar ket would be to face a greater loss still, so they, too, send their stuff to market in the shape it may now be in. So we have increased demand for money, higher rates of Interest, dis appointment in the feeding value ot soft chaffy corn and lack of confi dence in the markets for a few months hence. But there Is another class ot feeders who reason differently. They see, or think they see, fewer cattle on feed than usual, and these being rapidly becoming fewer. The whole continent of Australia, which has in the past furnished a large supply ot meat to the European market, is now short on home supply, leaving the market they formerly filled to be sup plied from somewhere else. Never In the history of this country has the working class been so generally em ployed and at so good wages. The ability of the laboring class to live well was never greater. This should make an increased consumption of meats as well as the other foodstuffs and also a demand for clothing. The home demand that should have the most effect on our markets should be the very best And those of us whe hold these opinions are satisfied to hold our cattle and feed to a finish, and all we ask for Is that we get a fall deal, an honest market under the con ditions as they exist and feel satisfied we will not then have labored foi nothing. David Brown, Dodge Coun ty, Nebraska. Skimmilk Milk for Pigs. Too often the value of the so-called by-products ot the farm is not fully realized by the farmer. The dairyman, for instance, whose first object is to produce as much milk as possible that he may sell the butterfat. may over look the value still remaining in the skimmilk and buttermilk after the fat has been taken from them. As a mat ter of fact from 10 to 20 per cent ol the value of milk lies In the skim milk when it is properly fed to grow ing young animals. Below is given the average composition of milk and its by-products skimmilk, buttermilk and whey as given in Prof. Henry's work on feeds and feeding. Digestible nutrient in 100 pounds. B4 ! Kind of milk, i S m c a o-o t. - r ii n a t: t-" w ej Q G4 O H Cow's milk... 12.8 3.C 4.9 3.7 Skim milk, gravity 9.6 3.1 4.7 0.8 Skim milk, separator .. 9.4 2.9 5.2 0.3 Buttermilk .. 9.9 3.9 4.0 1.1 Whey 6.6 0.8 4.7 0.3 An examination of this table shows that skim milk contains more than 7? per cent of its original solids, as amount of solid matter equal to that I in pumpkins and some of the root crops, and more valuable in its com position. While butterfat has a much higher commercial value than the oth er solids in milk, it is less essentia' as a food for young animals than what remains and may easily be re placed by a cheaper feed. Arizona Station Bulletin. A Good Example. One great reason why men do not do better than they do with dairy cows is that the cow keeper does not know what he is doing. C. V Goodrich, cf Wisconsin, tells of one incident connected with his cow cen sus reported at Menomonie last year The herds were numbered, and ir making the report only the nurabers were read, it being fully understood teat the men with poor herds would not care to have that fact advertised The poorest herd of all was numbei 4. This herd actually lost money or the feed cost of maintenance, though evidently its owner did not mistrust it. After the close of the meeting a young man sought out Mr. Goodrich and asked him the number of his owe herd in the report The questioner was astonished to learn that his here was number four. He said that he would either improve or go out ol business. During the year that young nan has been disposing of his poor cows and getting better ones, besides feeding better. His report this year shows that he has made a good profit on each cow, his total receipts beinj: more than double this year what they were last, on fewer cows. A young farmer, Mr. Schley, stood up and said that last year he had a herd of cows that averaged only $13 per cow in receipts for milk at the creamery. He had sold all of those cews and bought grade Guernseys. During this last year his receipts for milk at the creamery had averaged $63. per cow. He also gained in cost of maintenance, as it cost him three cents less per day to feed the good COV.-S than the poor ones. Thos. H. Mills. St. Clair county, Michigan: Prices for poultry and poultry products have been higher this winter than in previous winters. The cost of feeding poultry has been about the same as in previous winters. Wheat is from 60 to 70 cents per busa el and oats from 25 to 33 cents per bushel. Eggs sell for 25 cents per dozen. Dressed chickens" at 13 cents per pound. Prosperity has come to a pre.y pass when the railroads have so much freight they cannot move it Xow ii they could only turn it into passen gers they might make it hang up by the straps. Saturday Evening Post - Destroying Two Common Orchard Scales. At the last meeting of the Illinois Horticultural Society, S. A. Forbes, state entomologist said: The two common orchard scales the scurfy scale and the oyster-shell have been regarded as difficult insects to destroy. They winter In the egg. each scale on the tree in winter having beneath it a collection of these eggs, maroon red for the scurfy scale and yellowish or whitish for the oyster-shell, which were laid there by the female In fall, she afterwards perishing and drying p beneath the scale, which continues a twit totaled wkk i with Bill scales ; e. fesuls "aale Kate-Bach ealargta. ' as a protection for the eggs. These Insects are two-brooded in our lati tude the first hatching early in May and the second mostly in July. Wo have no practical means of killing tho eggs. Indeed, insects' eggs can rarely if ever be destroyed by chemical ap plications which will not injure tho tree. These scales are more suscep tible to Insecticides while very young than at any other time, and conse quently applications intended to de stroy them directly may best be made during the first week or two of May, or, in more northerly latitudes, late In May and early In June. Used at this time they must, of course, be harmless to foliage and fruit a fact which limits us practically for theso Insects to applications of keroseno mixtures of low percentage. An ordi nary kerosene emulsion diluted to contain ten per cent of the oil is the mixture usually recommended. There Is very good reason to believe, how ever, that the California wash of lime. salt, and sulphur, applied in late win ter, will effect this purpose even more certainly although more slowly. Growth Habit of a Tree. Prof. E. S. Goff : In the first place. we have the root system which absorbs water from the ground and brings this water together at the base of the trunk and transmits it to the trunk. The roots have an absorptive system of their own and their nature is to draw in water with more or less vig or. Then when the water is taken to the trunk, the fibers of the trunk tend to lift the water by capillarity, and the buds above are not only ex pending the water above, but they are filled with protoplasm which has an affinity for water, and so we have a force that draws the water from thu roots into the top. It is a principle well known in physics that when water passes through a tube it will pass with more force through a straight tube than it will through ;i crooked tube, and that every bend we make in the tube would reduce tho force to that extent It follows that the buds of an apple tree, or any other tree, that are in the most direct communication with the axis ot crowth. with the trunk, are the ones that will receive the most water. Every time the branch grows, that branch does not receive quite as much water as the branch before it turns, and if that branch subdivides, the sec ondary branch receives less than the primary branch, and so on, the more it branches the less water it receives, and the less vigor it has and the less it grows; it is this principle that de termines the form of the tree. You know, as the tree tends to grow up right, the terminal buds receive more water than any other buds, because they are in the most direct line with the source of water: every branch that grows loses somewhat in vigor. By and by, when the tree attains a height so great that the distance from the roots is so great that it over balances the fact that the terminal buds are in direct communication with the axis of the vigor, the uppermost branches will dominate, and after a time the tree will come to an equilibrium, tho branches will grow just as much as the terminal shoots, and we will have a full grown, developed tree. Mistakes Will Happen. Some interesting examples of inaccuracies committed by authors are given by the New York Times. In "Ivanhoe" a knight of Richard I. holds converse with a contemporary of William the Cchqnerer, who was Richard's great-grandfather. In "The Newcomes" Ciivc, in a letter 3a ted 283 asks "Why have we no pic ture of the sovereign and her august concort from Smee's brush?" The rea son was probably due to the fact that there was no Prince Consort before 18-10. The moon seems to be a very dan gerous planet fcr writers to trifle with. In "King Solomon's Mines" Rider Hag- ;ard makes an eclipse of this satellite .ake place at the new instead of the Cull moon an astronomic impossibil ity. In the "Children of Gibeon" Walter Besant has caused a new moon :o rise in the east at two o'clock in me morning. The most casual ob jerver has without doubt noticed that .he new moon appears in the western . sky and sets from the moment it be comes visible. Trollope makes Andy Scott come "whistling up the street with a cigar in bis mouth." At the ciose of "Around the World is Eighty Days" the hero arrives triumphantly at hi3 club just as the clocks ot London strike ten minutes to twelve! Imm o H If W "ai v ' -j -' - a.