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Tabb. in Atlantic Magazine. BATTLEFIELDS ARE NOW PARK. Made ef Civil War Strife Places of Beauty. Oar five great battleield parks, the aceaea of as many historic episodes of the dll war, are now on the point of completion. So far as the govern ateat's work Is concerned they are practically f aished. though the states are still eagaged in erecting monu BMBta to mark the places where their own regiments fought and bled. Hun dreds of such substantial memorials have been put up at Antietam alone, auay of them of striking beauty, and bkmw than $500,000 has been expend ed for the same purpose at Chicka smauga, where Georgia. Tennessee. Msaouri and Maryland have each uplifted cenotaphs in honor of both aides la the straggle. The work of the government in cre atlag these parks has consisted in buying the lands, as far as practica ble, building roads and observation towers, preparing historical tablets (of which about 1,000 have been placed at Chickamauga alone to mark positions of troops) and erecting mon uments to the regulars engaged. It has been the chief aim to restore the battlelelds and give to them as near ly as possible the appearance tuey had when the battles were fought At ChlckaBMUga more than 300 cannon have been placed in the positions oc cupied by the Union and Confederate batteries, the original guns secured aad BMHiated on carriages exactly like those which belonged to them forty years ago. The idea of national battlefield parks originated in the brain of Gen. H. V. Boyaton, whose proposition to establish such a memorial at Chicka mauga was adopted by congress in 180. Chickamauga was the Srst of these parks, that of Gettysburg hav iag been up to that date a private enterprise under the management of an association representing various states which had had troops engaged in the ight. But Gettysburg was tak en by the government into its own hands, and afterward the fields of Shiloh and Vicksburg were similarly marked out and set aside as historic and sacred ground. The Gettysburg park is more prop erly called by that name than any or the others. On the field the visitor cannot drive anywhere he likes, as at Chickamauga, most of the area being covered by farms, with strongly fenced roads. So valuable is the land that it cannot be bought at a moder ate price, - and the states have con tented themselves with purchasing avenues 100 feet or so in width along the lines of the battle, at the sides of which monuments are erected and tablets set up. Many of the monu ments are very beautiful and costly. But the Southerners have not taken much part or interest in the Gettys burg park. The government owns about 1,200 acres there. la the Vicksburg park Uncle Sam owns -1,300 acres. It is the newest of the battlefield parks, and the only one in which any considerable amount of work remains to be done by the gov .ernment. The states have just begun to pat up monuments there, and Illi nois, which had the greatest number 5 regiments encaged in that siege, -recently appropriated $350,000 for the purpose. The field is on the bluff 100 feet above the river, touching the lat ter both above and below the city, aad Its most striking feature topo graphically is the ridge on which the Confederate works and batteries were situated. Deep ravines and spurs of ridges running out from the hills make the ground exceedingly rugged. Some of the caves which the "rebels" dug for their own concealment still remain and will be carefully pre served. The Antietam battlefield, which Is aow finished, so far as government work is concerned, is all owned by In dividuals, only the roads being open. Its area is gently rolling country, rich farming land, with a few deep ra vines, and is easily taken in by a glance of the eye. Through it run the ancient Hageretown turnpike and Sharpaburg road, along which have been put up tablets that indicate the movements of troops. The govern ment owns the roads. All the states that were represented by troops in the great fight are erecting monuments. aad only the other day Ohio dedicated tea sew ones. The battlefield of Shiloh is more heavily wooded than any of the other parka. Situated about 100 feet above the Tennessee river, which runs along its border, it is a rolling country, with farm clearings here and there. The government owns thirty miles of fine reads that run through it in vari ous directions, as well as 3,000 acres of Its territory. Many states are at present engaged in putting up monu ments on this field particularly Indi ana, Ohio, Illinois and Pennsylvania. It should have been mentioned that Uncle 8am furnishes the foundations for the state monuments in the vari ous parks. The largest sum of money ($1,300, 000) has been spent by the -government in the great park of Chickamau ga aad. Chattanooga, which actually comprises no fewer than seven battle 'lelds those of Chickamauga. Wau .hatchie. Lookout Mountain, Orchard Kaoe. Missionary Ridge. Tunnel Hill aad Ringgold. Extraordinary pains have been taken to restore this area to the condition In which it was at the time of the fighting. Roads opened riace tftmt date have been closed. . aad the battle roads have beea opened 'ami improved. Tracts which since the-awttle had become coveredby a 'heary growth of timber have been I, and fanners are permitted to in occupancy of their hold- iagwiy on condition that they sha'.: alter eo baildiags aad cut down no waada or underbrush. The great park comprises one large STUM Chickamauga battlefield (ten dies la extent) aad several patches, connected .by roads. -AM the roads over which the contend ing armies moved have been ceded to the sjorenuneat by the State of Geor ail. rrhe Chattanooga portion consists ari- of roads along the lines of battle on Missionary Ridge, and over the point of Lookout Mountain, which have been similarly ceded by Tennes see, the system being connected with the Chickamauga part of the park by the Lafayette road, leading through the middle of the principal scene of operations. The Crest road on Missionary Ridge extending eight miles affords one of the finest drives in the country, over looking throughout its extent the plain of Chattanooga and the battle field of Lookout Mountain. From tall steel towers erected at two prominent points on the road the whole theater of the campaign can be overlooked. A tract of several acres has been se cured about the former headquarters of Gen. Bragg on Missionary Ridge. Orchard Knob, headquarters of Grant and Thomas, is part of the park, as is also the north end of Missionary Ridge, covering the ground of Gen. Sherman's assault The roads and de tached reservations afford excellent facilities, through monuments, re stored batteries and historical tablets, for the complete illustration of all movements on both sides. The loss at Chickamauga (33 per cent in two days) was greater than in any other fight in the war. At Get tysburg the loss was 28 per cent in three days, while Antietam was doubt less the bloodiest battle of one day. The government owns eighty miles of improved roads in this greatest of bat tlefield parks, the size of which may be realized when it is stated that the lines of battle about Chattanooga had a front of twelve miles, the main drive from the north end of Mission ary Ridge to the left of the fighting ground at Chickamauga covering a distance of twenty miles and passing through or overlooking the scene of severe conflict between veterans of nearly all the great armies on both the Union and Confederate sides. A policy of strict impartiality has been pursued in the marking out of the battlefield parks. AH the states, twenty-eight in number, which were represented by troops at Chickamau ga. have had commissions working with the government commission in the arrangement of the field of seven battles. All of these states are now erecting monuments, which the gov ernment is supplementing with huge pyramidal piles of shells to mark the places where brigade commanders, federal or confederate, were killed or mortally wounded. Rene Bache in Chicago Record-Herald. The Soldiers' Trust and Faith. "Speaking of reserves," said the colonel, "in May, 1SG5, I was at the Spottswood hotel in Richmond, Va. Sherman's army had come up on the 6th and had bivouacked on the south hide of the Jimcs. Those of us, then serving with the Army of the Poto mac, met our old comrades of the Western army at the Spottswood, and there were a good many good times to our credit. One day several officers of the Army of the Potomac and as many of Sherman's army were sitting in front of the hotel when a soldier slightly the worse for liquor stopped in front of the group and said with out ceremony: 'I put my faith in Gen. Grant' No one replying he re peated with a challenge in his voice: l put my faith in Gen. Grant!' There upon one of Sherman's officers said pleasantly: 'My man, I commend your trust in Gen. Grant, but I put my faith in GvkI.' "The soldier stood silent for a min ute as if puzzled for a reply. He then raised his right hand, passed it over his face, wiped his mouth and chin, and straightening himself said: 'I thought you were one of Bill Sher man's fighters, and that proves it I put my trust in Gen. Grant, and when I have to fall back I put my faith in God. That is my last reserve. But where in Sam Hill is your reserve?' The officer began to say that Sher man's men went in without reserves, but stopped and laughed, and as the soldier walked away we all laughed." Chicago Inter Ocean. Army of the Ohio Society Officers. The following officers of the Society of the Army of the Ohio were elected at the annual meeting held recently in Washington: President, Lieutenant General John M. Schofield, U. S. A.: first vice president. Gen. Thomas J. Henderson, late colonel 112th Illi nois; vice president for District of Columbia. Capt George Redway, Washington; treasurer. Major J. F. Stewart. 39th Kentucky. Pension Of fice; secretary and historian, Prof. J. Fraise Richard. 111th Ohio, Wash ington. Executive Committee Capt. A. F. McMillan, chairman; Capt J. L. Thornton. Col. John A. Joyce, Capt. G. A. Lyon. Capt. R. A. Kagan, T. W. Tallmadge and N. X. McCullough. Publication Committee Capt. J. C. Morgan. Avem Pearson. Col. John B. Brownlow, Capt. E. A. Fenton. Lieut. J. H. Simpson, Capt. Robert Armour and Lieut. N. H. Merrill. The Annual Inspections. The months of November and De cember are always seasons of great activity in the posts of the Grand Army of the Republic. In November the annual inspections are held, and the various posts are making up their books and papers in anticipation of the visits of the department inspector and his assistants. These inspections must be made in time to enable the officers making them to have their re ports ready of department headquar ters before Dec. 20, as required by the regulations. The various posts are also busy arranging for the annual election of officers. The contests are conducted in a friendly spirit, and after the election all the comrades work together for the benefit of the organization. Battery Never in Battle. "Capt E. R. P. Shurley." said a vet eran, "used to tell the story of a bat teiy of artillery that was never at the front, and yet was on active and im portant duty from the day the men were enlisted to the day they were mustered out. This was the Twentv fourth Ohio battery, organized in Au gust, 1864. and sent immediately to Johnson's island in anticipation of an attempt to release the rebel prison ers on that point The attempt was not made, and on the 27th of August the battery was ordered to Camp Douglas. Chicago, where it remained until June 10, 1865. It was one of the best drilled and best disciplined batteries' in the service, and yet It never fired a shot in battle." Dumphy had ducked the dough-boys Dumphy had bucked at beans. For most of a week he wouldn't speak, but he chopped like four machines. He hadn't p word for no one, not even for me and Mike. And whenever we spoke or tried to Joke, he growled like a Chessy tyke. When Bill, the P. 1., fiddled, or Charley Canuck would Jig, Dumphy would crawl to the dark o' the wail and sog tlcre like a pig.. Daytime he chopped like fury nighttime he hugged his bunk, Physog as long as a board in house arm, and chawin some bitter hunk. And the deacon-seat crowd it wondered, for we sartinly liked the lad. But he wouldn't let out what it all was about, though we saw he was havin' it bad. Some allowed he was homesick, while others said 'twas wuss. For Tote-team Jake had heard at the lake that 'twas sort of a family fuss. If 'twas family fuss we were sorry we wondered how it began. And this as because young Dumphy was our only family man. Now family men. I don't care who, be long at home with their broods, Xo hearts will ache nor grieve for sake of us lonesome old chaps o the woods. Some others hung sleeves and legglns the boss hung a rubber boot Twas Christmas eve, and we made believe. Jest the lark of a Christ mas toot! Hero's good health to ye, family man. Wherever ye've built your nest: Ye'vc more than your share of the good things, but there! We reckon it's all for the best. There's an arm for your neck and a kiss for your cheek When there's trouble ahead or your courage Is weak. And comfort and courage and grit you will need. With a wife and some youuker to house and to feed. Cod bless you with patience and peace and with goods. Is the very best wish of us men o' the woods, L's lonesome old bachs of peavies and patches. Bills. Jimmies and Jacks, o' the Ax. The cook he had hung a shoe-nac. the cokee hung one, too. And Lrrigaii Joe a sock with a toe the only whole sock in the crew. Some others hung sleeves and leggln's the boss hung a rubber-boot. 'Twas Christmas eve and we made be lieve! Jest the lark of a Christmas toot! We hadn't thought of presents why, the most of us never had hung A stockin' up at the chimney-side even when we were young. It was only a- bit of foolhi", and a part of our ev'nln' plan Was a Santy Claus, and Dumphy was our only family man. We dug him out of his blankets and hauled him out to the light. His eyes were red with tears he had shed, but now he wanted to fight. And screaming a string of curses, he struck as he raved and swore. Floored Joe Lacrosse and the swampin's bohS, and announced he was ready for more. But no one was 'specially anxious and we backed away, because Good will to men was not jest then in the eye of our Santy Claus. The boss was a-thinkin to swat .him, but allowed he had better not. For 'twas trouble bad that Dumphy had, whatever It was he'd got. So back in his bunk he butted unsociable kind of a goat While our pryin cook was takin a look at a letter that dropped from his coat. There's sometimes a grief for ye, family man. And screaming a string of curses, he struck as he raved and swore, Floored Joe Lacrosse and the swamp ins' hoss. and announced he was ready for more. 'A And it's wicked y'd better believe. When ye find that there's trouble piled heavy and double, On the poor little home that ye leave. There are sharks who are hungry when money is due. And a man is away in the woods with a crew; Shiverin' babies and heart-biokcn wife Don't hinder the Shylocks who're out with a knife. And the tear-spotted letter that cook choked and read Was writ from a poorhouse and "baby was dead." One after the oilier, we forty-five men. Kissed where the kisses were marked by her pen. Kissed on the smooches of littje ones' smacks. We lonesome old baches of peavies and patches, Bills. Jimmies and Jacks o the Ax. Boss he fair, square blubbered-cook he blubbered, too. Thcie wasn't a face in all the place but glistened with tears like dew. nd Joe throwed galley-esfard the duds the crew had hung, lor v.e know nI that jfke to Dumphy spoke of empty stockin's hang; We all of us saw a pietur' of ounj,i.i.e.-a wonderin' why Old Santy Claus. like other friends, had passed that poorhouse by. We looked to Dumphy's corner, where he curled with burled head. But his grief and tears stopped eyes and ears to all we did or said. "Dang rat the man that's secret," growled the boss, "but others can Be jest as clus as that secret cuss, our only family man." Then boss he fetched a pen-stock and thawed the yaller ink. And he scratchity-scratched a writin and he wunk a wettish wink; He whispered. "There's an order for thir ty days o my pay; Ifthe rest of ye's men ye'll take that pen ," and do a stunt my way." We fought to get that, pen-stock, and them as couldn't write They had the boss attest their cross to make their writin' tight. When all had made their papers, he stacked a reg'Iar dome. Says he, "It's done! Less rum and fun, but. boys, there lays a HOME!" Then he clinched his fist and muttered as he turned to Long-geared Mike. "Ye're Santy Claus for us, because ye've got the legs to hike. Take snowshoes to the carry, catch tote team to North Twin, Then huff it again to strike the train and cash them orders in. Then stivver it to, that poorhouse where she has said they be Ye're startin NOW. and we don't allow for sleep nor stop-offs see! It's a blame dark night, but ye're startin' NOW. and If for any cause Them babies cry termorrer night. Gawd help ye, Santy Claus." Here's a good health to ye. family man. From the depth of our hearts and the woods; Boughs for our bunks and salt hoss In junks And a very light load of world's goods. Keep your neck near the arms and your cheek near the kiss, And never come here to the troubles o This. God bless ye with plenty, and strength to the arm That shelters the wife and the babies from harm. We've tasted of life and we know what It lacks We lonesome old baches of peavies and patches. Bills, Jimmies and Jacks o' the Axe. The Meat af Angerae. Geo. F. Thompson, of the Baream of Aalmal ladustry. writes: In building op a flock of Angoras from common goats, the males mast not be permit ted to grow into bucks of breeding age; and even among the high grades there are comparatively few backs that should be retained as such for breeding purposes. They should be castrated early. The great majority of these wethers, especially if they are of the first or second cross, do not produce sunlcJent mohair of good quality to warrant flock raisers in keeping them. These should be con verted into meat as soon as large enough. Those wethers and does which produce a fair quality of mo hair may be retained for that purpose for a few years and then killed for meat They are not, however, so good for this purpose as the younger ani mals. There is a deep-seated prejudice as has already been stated against the use of goats of any kind for meat This is founded upon Ignorance rather than experience. The most ill-smelling "blily" of the worst possible type Is by many made the standard of goat meat for the whole of the goat family. As far back as Abraham's day we read of goats being used for meat (very likely Angoras), and this, too, when there were many cattle and sheep. Certainly no prejudice existed against them at that time. There Is not much to be said about the meat of the common goat It is not so generally used as that of An goras. The flesh cf their kids is con sidered very fine, and in some sec tions of the country goats, of all ages are killed for meat There are com paratively few common goats in the United States, and no attempt Is be ing made to put them upon the mar ket The current report that goats are sold to the packers in the large cities for canning purposes is true in the main, but refers to the Angora grades. The flesh of the Angora Is exceedingly nutritious and palatable. Shropshire lambs, which are consid ered as among the best kinds of meat, are said not to be superior to a well fed and well-cooked kid. In the South west these animals are as readily sold for meat as sheep and the market has never been overstocked. A gen tleman in Texas found a ready market for his canned Angora mutton, but was compelled to close his cannery because the supply of goats was not nearly sufficient to supply the de mand. In the Northwest the principal use of the Angora is for clearing bushy land and consequently they are not so extensively used as food. How ever in nearly every locality there some have been killed for mutton, and there has never been a derogatory statement concerning its quality, so far as the writer Is able to learn. . The Origin of Varieties. Beginning at the beginning, we And that the first specific interest in culti vated plants was in the gross kind of species, said Prof. L. H. Bailey in an address to nurserymen. As the contact with plants became more intimate, various indefinite form-groups were recognized within the limits of the species. Gradual ly, with the intensifying of domesti cation aad cultivation, very par ticular groups appeared and were recognlxed. These smaller groups came finally to be designated by names, and the Idea of the definite homogeneous cultural variety came into existence. The discrimination was still further denned when it came to be recognized that grafts and cut ungs will perpetuate the characteris tics of given plants. The period of transition from seedling propagation to graft propagation has been an im portant one for every fruit tree. Such a transition marks the rise of the orange Industry in Florida. The dis pute about the necessity of grafting (or budding) the pecan is the begin ning of a similar transition period for that fntit. We have long since passed this period for all the common or chard fruits. The variety conception is really a late idea of the development of the human race. It is practically only within the past two centuries that cultivated varieties of plants have been recognized as being worthy of receiving designated names. It is within this period, also, tuat most of the great breeds of animals have been defined and separately named. All this measures the increasing intimacy of our contact with domesticated plants and animals. It is a record of our progress. The people that are most advanced in the cultivation of any plant are the ones that have the greatest number of named varieties of that plant In Japan, to this day, the plums often pass under ill-defined class names. We have Introduced these classes into this country, have sorted out the particular forms that promise to be of value to us, and have given them specific American names. Not long ago a native profes sor In Japan wrote me for cions of these plums, In order that he might introduce Japanese plums into Japan. The Russian apples are designated to some extent by class names. What constitutes a variety is Increasingly more difficult to define, because we are constantly differentiating on small er points. The growth of the variety conception is the growth of the power of analysis. NEWS IN NEBRASKA U "It's a blame dark night, but ye're startin' NOW, and if for any cause Them babies cry termorrer night Gawd help ye, Santy Claus!" mMm&Enr 1 heard the bells on Christmas Day . eBF Tendency to Reversion. Like does not always produce like. Male and female of the same breed, or even of the same family, when mated, produce progeny exhibiting notable individual differences. This tendency to variety is sometimes ex aggerated and "sports," as the horti culturist terms them, result These variations have afforded materials from which have been formed the numerous so-called breeds of horses, cattle, sheep, dogs and pigeons. This variation is sometimes traceable to the law of reversion, or the appear ance of ancestral characters. Exam ples of reversion are constantly met with, and are especially frequent where short-pedigreed, crossbred or otherwise faulty sires have been used. Amongst the heavier breed of horses the light carcass and thriftless habit, rough, coarse, round limbs, short pas terns, predisposing to ringbone, as well as peculiarities of gait or temper, which have marred the remote an cestors, are liable to appear in their descendants of the third and fourth generation. Amongst some of our longest cultivated white breeds of hornless sheep occasional individuals appear with black spots and rudimen tary horns, testifying to the persistent descent of ancient characters which crop up after having remained latent for several generations. Darwin, in his work on "Animals and Plants Un der Domestication," records a remark able instance of this persistence of ancestral characters In pigeons. The numerous varieties, differing so great ly in color, feather, and even in struc ture, are descended from the Blue Rock, which has a slatey blue color and dark bars on the wing feathers. .. T..i3.m .w4m 4lA lt..A w1ai ill Iuauy U1UUC1U suiia iuo ww ah and feather markings have disap peared; but, although absent for gen erations, when two of these varieties are crossed the ancient insignia reap pear in many of the progeny. In mold ing animals for special uses and main, taining acquired types breeders have constantly to battle with this ten dency to reversion. In a few genera tions the numerous artificial varieties of pigeons, if allowed naturally to in termix, would revert to the original Blue Bock. Modern dairy cows, amidst unfavorable surroundings, in much less time than it has taken to bring tLem to their profitable yield of milk, would furnish only sufficient for their own calf. Thomas McFar-lane. How Location Affects Grain. At the Tennessee station a good many varieties of wheat have been tried and among them some that had done very well on other soils aad in distant parts of the country. Rela tive to this Prof. Soule says: Some varieties that have made poor yields and cannot be regarded as of any value for culture in Tennessee have a remarkably high protein con tent for one or more years. In 1S0 Rice wheat contained 2L12 per cent of protein, the average for four years being 17.28. Blue Straw Fultz, Beech Wood's Hybrid, Valley and Rural New Yorker No. 6 all had between 16 and 1? per cent of protein. Some of these varieties are regarded as poor for milling purposes and low in protein In sections of the country where they are quite extensively grown, and these facts lead to the conclusion that cli matic and soil conditions have a de cided influence on the protein content I heard the bells on Christmas Day Their old familiar carols play. And wild and sweet The words repeat Of peace on earth, good-will to men! And thought bow, as the day had come. The belfries of all Christendom i Had rolled along The unbroken song .Of peace on earth, good-will to men! Till ringing, singing on Its way. The world revolved from night to day, A voice, a chime. A chant sublime Of peace on earth, good-will to men! Then from each black accursed mouth The cannon thundered in the 8outh, And with the sound The carols drowned Of peace on earth, good-will to men! Swiss Dairy Cattle. The cattle of the several cantons of Switzerland noted for their dairying differ mainly in color and name. The Bernoise, Fribourgeolse and Simmen thai cattle are all spotted, and have yellows, reds and browns mixed with white in varying degrees and an in finity of patterns. Those with red or yellow spots usually have light muz zles and switches, while black noses and tails accompany the brown and black spots. The Schwyz breed, bet ter known as the Brown Swiss, has been established in the United States for about thirty years. AH these Swiss cattle are exceedingly coarse boned, large framed and heavy. They are exceedingly active for their size, famous mountain climbers, but carry a great superfluity of flesh for dairy animals, hardly compensated for by their performances at the paiL The Slmmenthals are the. largest and by some preferred for milch stock, but unbiased Judges generally give the Brown Swiss first place for dairy pur poses. In America the last-named race has Included cows which have made famous records in milk and but ter production; but as a whole, all Swiss cattle must be here regarded as of the "dual-purpose" kind, and this means that they are not expected to add much to the value of our dairy jtock. Henry E. Alvord. The Mare and the Foal. Mares after being bred should not be worked for a few days, after which they may be worked right up to the day they foal, providing you have the right kind of work for them to do, writes John Gardhouse. They should not be hitched to any very heavy loads, or on to a tongue that will strike them in the side, and they should not be backed when heavy with foal. After fall plowing Is done and you have no further work for them, do not tie them in the stable and let them stand without any exercise; that is too sudden a change. Let them out in the yard for exercise every after noon, unless very stormy. A few weeks before foaling, feed little flaxseed along with boiled oats and bran. Never allow the foal to run after the mare when working. Al ways keep it in a loose box, well bedded, and with plenty of light, but no holes which it can get Its head through. Always give the foal a little feed when you take the mare out. Unless you are working a long distance from the barn, it will pay to take the mare in during the forenoon and afternoon, giving her a drink and a handful of oats, and let the foal suck, thus helping the mare and also the foal. When the foal Is weaned, feed it often with good clover hay, chopped oats and bran, and all the milk it will take. Winter well the first winter. Many foals are allowed to winter around straw stacks and on poor, dry feed, and are very little heavier in the spring than when weaned in the fall. "Pasteurized" Milk. "Tour note on this subject reminds me," writes a provincial doctor to the Westminster Gazette, "of an incident within my personal knowledge. The corporation of a certain city invited tenders for a supply of milk for a special purpose, and amongst other tenders received one in which it was stated that the milk supplied would bo 'Pasteurized.' This applicant was not successful, and when pointing out afterwards to one of the officials of the corporation in question the su periority that this treatment gave to his milk, was told that this nad been taken into consideration, but that the committee who decided the mat ter had been officially assured that as the milk of the successful appli cant was obtained from grass-fed cat tle, It was also 'pasturized.' so there was no difference between them!" Many a man thinks he is reasoning with yon when he In merely arguing. Killing Hawks. The usual way of getting rid of the hawk is to use a good gun, trusting it to the hands of some man that knows how to shoot straight An other way is to set up a pole not far from the poultry yard, and make it in every way a suitable resting place for the hawk. If be has an eye to business ha will now and then light on the top to rest and lay his plans lor catching a fat fowl. After a visit or two place a common steel trap on top of the pole. The chances are that the hawk will make one visit too I ny. THK STATE IN A NUTSHELL. Several of Fremont's school children are down with the mumps. Mint Mae Phillips and Miss Minnie Nelson are holding revival services- In Nemaha, with encouraging success. Nebraska's figures on crops for 193 show the following: Wheat. 43.6S0.318 bushels; corn. 1C9.3.965 bushels; oats. CC.619,504 bnshels; rye, 10,105. 700 bushels. John Wesce, while hunting one mile west of Papillion. short n large gray wolf. These animals are very scarce in that part of the country, none hav ing been seen for several years. Mrs. George Tmlllnger of Nebraska City, who was badly burned by the explosion of a can of coal oil. with which she was trying to liven up the I fire in the kitchen range, died from the effects of her burns. Rev. W. H. Parker, pastor of the Presbyterian church at Table Rock for the past five years, preached his farewell sermon to the congregation last Sunday. He will leave for his new charge at Carlinville. III., in about ten days. The aggregate bank statements for all towns in Dodge county show these items: Loans, $3,053,724.83; deposits. S3.005.113.5S: cash aad reserves. S62, 788.17. There are eighteen banks in tne county, six of them being located in Fremont. The Murdock store at Springfield has beea closed by creditors, with lia bilities of $8,000. W. H. Davidson has been appointed receiver for the store. It is said that the establishment has been doing a good business and its failure causes much comment A corn show will be a feature of the coming Johnson county farmers' insti tute, which will be held in Tecumseh; February 10 and 11. Premiums will be given for the best displays of corn'. and this corn will be turned over to the state commission for exhibition in St. Louis next year. Governor Mickey announced that a mandamus suit might be brought to enjoin the auditor from paying salaries to officers in appointive departments of the state government. The ques tion came up while an investigation was being made to determine whether or not the governor was liable on his bond for any shortage on the part of these fflcers. Prof. Morey, superintendent of the Institute for the blind at Nebraska City, is so proud of the work done by his pupils and so anxious that the public should know what a blind boy or girl may be taught to do that he has asked the governor's permission to select a company of the inmates and give entertainments in the larger towns this winter. J. T. Royston of St Edward has been making arrangements, now al most completed, to move his milling business to Fremont. He expects to build there a mill of 300 barrels per day capacity, with an elevator and three large steel storage teaks in connection. Several sites for the plant are in view, and it will probably be located on the Union Pacific rail road's right of way. "I am going to my grandma In Iowa if I have to walk all the way." said little Kittie Cameron, a 13-year-old girl of Petersburg, when something went wrong the other day. and she has not been seen at home since. One neighbor passed her a day later eight miles away walking toward the state of Iowa as fast as her little legs could carry her frail, cold form, but nothing else has been heard from Kittie. The condemned cannon which the Grand Army post of Tecumseh secur ed from Fort Constitution, N. H.; through the assistance of Congress man E. J. Burkett, has arrived. It will be taken to the court yard and in the spring a suitable concrete and stone foundation will be provided for mounting it. It is a 100-pound Par riott gun. is about fourteen feet long and weighs 12,000 pounds. John Holechek. a young farmer who lives a few miles south of Humboldt. had a miraculous escape from violent death. He had been hauling grain to the elevator and was just starting home. When crossing the tracks he caught sight of the fast Biliings-St. Joseph passenger train too late to stop and jumped from the rear of the wag on just as the train struck it with ter rific force. Both horses were instant ly killed. A. A. Langston of Fremont, who tried to commit suicide about three months ago by cutting bis throat with a piece of glass, made another unsuc cessful attempt. He first tried to cut his throat with a pocketknife. but the knife was dull and his knowledge of anatomy rather deficient, and instead of severing an artery he only made several jagged wounds below the right car. which bled profusely and were painful. He then decided to try the gunshot route, but in this. was also un successful. The new Auditorium at Orleans was formally opened. It is the first city in Nebraska to build an auditorium for the use of its citizens. The structure has a seating capacity of 800. with a state twenty by thirty-six feet, aad is equipped with an excellent line of scen ery. It is lighted by gas. William L. Colder of Scribaer died at Riverside. Cal., where he had gone with his wife six weeks ago to spend the winter. His demise was due to stomach trouble, believed to be can cer. Mr. Golder bad lived la Dodge county for thirty-five years. Mrs. Patrick Murphy of Rock coun ty sent her 10-year-old boy on horse back to a neighbor's a couple of miles distant on an errand. Two hours Utt er the horse returned home without the boy. &tr. Murphy was away from home and the mother, being alone with smaller children, was unable to give the alarm until morning. A search was Instituted at daylight and the boy was soon found, lying dead by th? roadside. The theory is that he was thrown from his horse and so badly stunned that he froze to death before regaining consciousness. A collision in the railroad yards a? Beaver City resulted In damage to two eBglnes and several box cars. A large quantity of wheat was spilled on APVOHTIONS SCHOOL MONEY. tata imiflwliaisiit Pawtar Nstlfita Canmien af Anammt Una aTaah. owe TWiSffaMsadsat Fowler ail his report of the naartlaamt of school moneys. The cauatles have divided among them t25t.43t.43. which la 7,3 cents per pupil for a total number of 37C.343. The money was derived from these aoarcea: State tax. $8,771.94: Interest on school and sa line las jow, $42,791.27; Interest on achool and saiine lands leased. $5C,S43. 48; interest on United States bonds, county bonds; and school district bonds. $7.82J2; interest on state warrants. $18,038.34; fish aad game li pases. $1,847.00; emblamera' balance. W: less warrant No. 5525 for $4.37. Douglas county lands first with th,. largest number of pupils. 42.002. among waicn is rpportioned $28.51.42. Fol lowing is tae report in detail: No. of county. Scholar. Adama 7.93 Antelope Banner . . . Blutne Boone Bo Butte Boyd ...... Brown Buffalo ... Burt Butler Cass Cedar Chase Cherry Cheyenne . Clay ....... Colfax .... Cuming; ..-. Custer Dakota ... Dawes .... Dawson . . . 4.722 171 4.434 i.esz 5.330 1.233 ". 4.527 ."..629 7.478 MS 927 l.Sli l.05 5.519 4.3.14 5.60 7.849 2.329 1.835 .4 t Deuel os Dixon Docae Douglas Dundy Fillmore Franklin Frontier Furnas Gage ... Garneld Gosper Grant Greeley 4.6-79 7.6S6 42.(2 869 5.467 3.489 2.919 4.093 19.542 C73 1.805 299 1.589 H" 5.38 Hamilton 4.945 Harlan 3.195 Hayes s99 Hitchcock 1.594 Hlt 4.797 Hooker i58 Howard 4,-33 Jefferson 5.333 Johnson 4.086 tvearney 3,5s! Keith Keya Paha Kimball Knox Lancaster . . Lincoln .... Log-an Loup Mudlson ... McPherson . Merrick .... 660 1.158 287 5.862 22.072 .93 345 582 6.290 112 3.12J Nance 2.914 Nemaha 5.049 Nuckolls 4.363 Otoe 7.U8 Pawnee 4.221 Perkins 607 Phelps 3,545 Pierce 3.444 Platte 6,538 Polk 4.027 Red Willow 3.114 Richardson 6.689 Rock 1.146 Saline 6,679 Sarpy 3,127 Saunders 8.077 Scott's Bluff 1.141 Seward 5.643 Sheridan 1.853 Sherman 2.681 Sioux 597 Stanton 2.734 Thayer &.9l Thomas 207 Thurston 2.106 Valley 2.896 Washington 4.602 Wayne 3.772 Webster 4.925 Wheeler 483 Tork 6.283 Amt. Due. S 5.383.92 3.293.99 171.77 - 116.10 3.919.38 1.128.38 2.274.42 850.70 5.369.66 3.073.52 3.821.79 5.977.04 3.434.93 629.37 1.232.26 1.988.33 3.740.91 2.942.48 3.808.12 5.328.92 1.581.23 1.245.84 3.939.67. 472.54 2.769.36 5.216.2 28.516.42 569.9 3.711.71. 2.362.68; 1.9S1.S0 2.71 7.76 7.157.28 592.71 1.225.47 141.90 1.751.64 4.031.49 3.357.31 3.169.18 610.36 1.082.22 3.256.82 107.27 2.S73.91 3.620.73 2.774.11 2.431.25 448.09 786.29 194.85 3.979.89 14.985.34 2.670.23 234.23 395.1 1 4.279.47 76.04 2.123.02 1.978.40 3.427.92 2.962.17 4.SS0.15 2.865.76 344.22 2.406.81 2.338.24 4.438.85 . 2.734.05 2.317.87 4.541.36 778.05 4.534.57 2.123.01 5.483.72 774.66 3.831.20 1.258.06 1.820.21 405.32 1.856.19 3.592.22 149.54 1.429.83 1.966.18 3.124.44 2.560.92 2.732.69 327.92 4.265.72 Total ..376.303 3255.483.48 Has Faith in Dewie. HUMBOLDT Mr. O. W. Davis, un til two years ago a well known news paper man of southeastern Nebraska, has been heard from in a recent letter to Inform his Nebraska friends that "all is well in Zion." where Mr. Davi; has invested considerable capital i the industries carried on there, aft disposing of the Index and other prop erty at Salem. Machine Which Never Step. NEHAWKA Bert Painter of this place has discovered perpetual motion, he claims. He has invented a ma chine which has ma seven weeks with out stopping and without any appar ent loss of energy. He is having a model made on which he hopes to se cure a patent. Man Is bat clay, and sometimes his name Is "mud." He Thieves Busy. FREMONT Hog thieves made a raid southeast of Hooper a few nights ago. At Mrs. McMuilea's place they took two fat hogs, and three at Charles Ladd's home. Tracks in the snow showed that probably two men did the job. hauling of the plunder in a farm wagon. One of the hogs, the trad showed, got out of the wagon after having gone about a half n mile aad the next morning was back in Its pen. Thus far the thieves have aot been apprehended. ! the ground. Engine No. 241. running extra and heavily loaded, ran through an open switch and crashed Into the rear end of engine No. 280. standing on a siding. The Henry Dare Packing company of South Omaha is a new orgaalxatloa that filed articles of Incorporation with the secretary of state. -Its capital stock Is $10,000, of which $4,000 Is paid up. Inspects idlers Heme. Secretary Davis of the Shite Board of Charity, aad Corrections has re turned from a trip to Grand Island, where he went to inspect the soldiers' home and to discuss the tram proposi tion with the Board of County Com missioners. He reported the home to be In excellent condition and the la mates well satisfied. He still adheres to his former contention that the soldiers would fare, much better If the Grand Island liquor houses were farther away and tae men kept from them. tuddsnly I weans. OSCEOLA One of the old pilgrims, aad the last of the family of Stever Henry Clay Stevens, has 'been 111 fo several weeks aad it. has develop that his reason is gone and that he must be watched. NORFOLK C. C. Hughes, general superintendent of the Northwestern railroad, has arrived in Norfolk and is now located hi his new headquar ters in tarn city. If: s ! s y s JSr &? rr-f-s. .. SsS? . -; .:J .-.. -ftt SI . -. . K--JT. Z5S&& aLiHfar-;A-'"jj' 'irt"ji?-tt - 9s" - ., : .,...- .. WJWWHilpSSJpp'i ' ' ..ln,'Ji'iiia,i I BBnnnannnnsBsnBnaanamaliBannnannm ' ' mnns'j mmmmummfmmMtmmmmmrmmitimmmammmmLmr---" .-' . rs, ..- ,g ..- . . ,: m .,u l, u.;.