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. 1 j i - i- r te twin the vhemins Dirge for the Old Year. Toll toll. toIL , . , Wkere the winter winds are signing: Toll. toll, toll. . , - .. Where the somber clouds are flyr.g, TeU. toll. toll. A deeper, sadder knoll Than sounds for a passing; soul Should tell of the Old Tear, dying. Spirits or beauty and light. Goblins of darkness and night. From your sunny paths, in the azure w. From the Stygian shores, where ne shadows lie. .- From your coral homes. In the ocean Fmm the frigid North, where the temp est raves. Come to the pale one dying. Hark! to the falling of phantom leei. Beat. beat. beat. beat. .. Like the solemn sounds, when the surges meet. On the shores of a mighty river They are folding the dead in his wina-Ing-sheet. To bear him away forever. . A rush of wings on ths midnight wind The fall of a shadowy portal And the good Old Year, so true and kind. Passed to his rest, but left behind The record of deeds immortal. Life Twice Saved by Bible. To the fact that he carried out the expressed wishes of his aunt during his career as a soldier in the war of the rebellion does Walter G. Jones of McDoBOUgh, N. J., owe his life. At the outbreak of tbe civil war Jones enlisted In Company C, Eighth New York Cavalry, a a high private. When he left for ihe front his aunt present ed hint with a pocket edition of the New Testament with the request that he wear it over his heart in an espe cially isaprovlsed pocket, which he promised to do. It was not until Oct. 19. 1864. that Jones had cause to congratulate him self upon having followed his aunt's advice. At the battle of Cedar Creek, made famous by tbe memorable ride of Phil Sheridan, a confederate mlnie ball struck Jones with such force as to knock him flat upon his back. Stunned for some moments he finally recovered his senses and arose to his feet. Then he discovered that tbe ballet intended fot bis heart had struck his little Testament about aa inch from the top and imbedded itself thereiB. from whence it was abstracted and placed safely away in Jones' hav ersack as a souvenir of the memor able occasion. Six months later Jones again had cause for thankfulness In carrying out the wishes of his aunt, and congratu lated himself upon having his blessed Testament in the little pocket over his heart. During the battle of Ap pomattox, where Lee finally surren dered , a second ball crashed into Jones' Testament, striking it about the center, and spending its force before It had penetrated tbe thickness of the precious book. This ball was also found between the pages and stowed away with the first in Jones' haver sack. At the recent O. A. R. encampment at Saa Francisco Jones was an Inter ested attendant, where he exhibited his well-worn and bullet riddled Testamont to thousands of his former comrades in arms, i i Just "Skeered" Them. Pope's summer campaign of 1862 was over and we were in camp near Fairfax Courthouse. Va. A Vermont regiment had joined our division. This regiment was a fresh organization. The officers were from older regiments that had been in service, but the non coms, and file3 were "new com mercprs. ' and they afforded consid erable aiUseruent by their roakie raw sess. Inquiries "when the milkman ,came round," and "who we bought our butter of," gave good opportunity for practical Jokes which were not neg- llected. 4 j One day a detail for picket was made from this regiment, the first duty of that kind they had ever had. .Amoag those detailed was a typical I Yankee, interrogation points showing ,1b his every look and movement. As he could get no information from his own company, some one sent him to me. as I was to be field officer of the 'guard. and so he came over to "see about it." "Say. cap., what is this 'ere picket business?" "Why, John, not much, very easy; all you have to do is to go down the road about three miles., go into the woods, stay there all night. If you 'see the enemy coming, fire your gun at them, hurry back and tell us, so we can get ready to meet them. You are cot afraid, are you?" "Now, see here, cap., you don't want to do any such foolish thing as that." "Why not, John?" "Well, this war business has been going on almost two years, and noth ing done: then they got us to come down here, have a fight and put down the rebellion. I'd like to know how Ib thunder you ever expect to have a scrimmage If you send me down there to skeer "em off?" Saw Sun Rise in West. "Yes." said the captain, "I saw the sub rise in the west, and I was never worse rattled in my life. We started ob the Tullahoma campaign with good weather, and onr battalion, scouting la advance, changed directions a good many times. However, we could see the sub in the daytime, and the stars at night, and we generally knew where we were. After two or three days it rained steadily day and night, and we found we didn't know much about the country when It was wet "One morning we received definite Instructions to march south so many miles and then due east on a cross road to a river, which we were to cross and take position on the east aide, so as to protect the ford. It raised all day aad most of the night, and it was after dark when we rearh! the river. The officers decided to let ! the men rest and cross over to the cast bank at daylight the next mora Sag. It rained steadily until after mid night, aad then the clouds broke away. "I was on guard from 2 to 4. aad I kept my eyes open for the first signs of day across the river to the east The darkness seemed to thin out a little, bat there was bo light In the east There was, however, a growing light to ths west aad I called the attention of the officer of the guard to it He thought It was the moon, but it was not When daylight came all the men were awake and all were kmkiag to ward the west with troubled faces. "At the appointed time the sun came ap te the west or what seemed to m to be the west The Impression was so strong on -onr minds that the river was east of as that we could not reason onr way out If the river was net fesmr east, if the san hasn't come an hi the west, we were not where we emght te be, we were not on the right river, sad not a man had the re- idea where we were. We mm mm talked and swore about the situatloa for an hour, and then it clouded ap again. "By sheer force of will power we marched toward where the son came ap, but when the clouds obscured the sun, I will be hanged if the old impres sion didn't turn our feet the other way and, after blundering; around in the woods for some hours, we came to the river we had left la the morning. A farmer tried to explain to us that we were lost, but we hooted at him. The next morning, however, when the sun came up again in the west, we went to him in humble spirit and he guided us to where our division was stuck la the mud. The colonel was very gen erous and in his official report never said a word about the wanderings of his scouting battalion." Ambushing Party Ambushed. "I remember," said a veteran, "an ambushing party on Cotton mountain. An Austrian lieutenant in one of the companies or the First Kentucky called for volunteers to make a raid to the rear of the rebel camp, sup posed to be near the white house or on Laurel creek. Two men volunteered from each company, among them a man named Clemens, from Company C. The scouting party reached the rear of the rebel camp, and the men could not resist the temptation to blaze away at the officers and men lounging about unaware of the pres ence of an enemy. Our boys fired a volley, regardless of consequences, from tbe high ground back of the white house, and created more of a commotion than they expected. "There happened to be at the White House a rebel officer of experi ence, and, quieting the panic among his men, he quickly organised an at tack on the attacking party. The rebels fired from the White House at short range at the Unionists. All of the latter treed except Clemens, who stood in the open and fired his mus ket two or three times. Then a rebel with a rifle at a rest fired at Clemens, the ball striking him squarely between the eyes, and he fell dead with musket in his hands. The lieutenant and his squad retreated, and, although pur sued almost to the river, reached camp." Didn't Need Teeth. When Gen. Butler was iu command at City Point, one of the newly enlist ed (Large Bounty Men) was on his way to join tbe Third New York Light Artillery. It was reported that he had enlisted several times and got out on account of his having false teeth, both uppers and lowers. As he was get ting too near the front to be agree able, he called at Gen. Butler's head quarters to see if his old trick would work. On being ushered In, the gen eral, looking up with that cock eye of his, said: "Well, sir, what do you want?" "General. I have false teeth, and they say I cannot serve." "What did you enlist in?" the gen eral asked. "Light Artillery," came the re sponse. As quick as a flash came tbe reply: "You won't need teeth to bite off the end of a percussion shell. You will do." Future of Soldiers' Homes, Gen. Martin T. McMahon of New York, President of the Board of Man agers of the National Homes for Dis abled Soldiers, has written a letter to the War Department, in which he directs attention to the steady and rapid decrease in the number of in mates of those homes caused by death. "The occupants of the homes are dying off in large numbers, as might be expected of men of their ages," he says. "It will soon become a question of what shall be done with the build ings and grounds. They are not destined to be occupied much longer.. "Some of them will possibly be con verted into health resorts for army and navy people, or used as encamp ment grounds for militia and the army. Even this probable use will not dis pose of all of the places." Sent Back Confederate Flag. Fred J. Schreve of Mascoutah, IH., has sent to Woodbury. Tenn., a con federate flag which he captured at Fort Donelson in February, 1862, nearly forty-two years ago. He belonged te Company C of the "bloody Ninth Illi nois," which was chosen to lead the assault on Fort Donelson. Before they had advanced more than about 100 yards the white flag was shown. The Illinois men were first inside the bar ricade and Schreve captured the flag, which had been made by young ladles of Woodbury. Tenn., for a company in a regiment of that state. Last spring Mr. Schreve while on a south ern trip made inquiries which finally brought him into correspondence with the captain of the southern company. This led to the return of the flag. He Had Had Some. Gen. Gordon says that on one oc casion during the civil war a threat ened attack of federal troons hmnrht together a number of confederate of- ncers irom several commands. They devoutly withdrew into a small la hut standing near and united in prayer lor guidance. As they assembled one of the generals was riding within hail ing distance and Gen. Harry Heth of Hill's corps stepped to the door of the log cabin and asked him to come In. The mounted general did not under stand the nature of Gen. Heth'a lnvi- tatlon and -replied: "No, thank yon. no more at present: I've just had some.' To Revise Blue Book. Commander-in-Chief John C. Black has appointed a committee of three comrades to revise the G. a. R. Blue book, condense all oplaioas aad de cisions as far as possible, eliminate all decisions not applicable to gating rules aad regulations, prepare a new Index and form rales for appeals. The committee consists of Robert B. Beatn. chairman, Philadelphia; A. B. Beers. Bridgeport, Conn., and Lewis E. Griffith. Troy. N. Y. Veteran Officer Deaa Col. Samuel Wilson, who bore the reputation of being one of the brav est men In the Union Army swing the Civil War. died at Wlllmmsaoct, Pa., la his 72d year. He was a member of the Eighth Pennsylvania Cavalry, and for bravery was mmmlsstonfid a Col oaei by President Uacola. He served j through the entire war. ljpmLm . What the Trap Nests Viewed. Trap nest boxes have bees used during.th season, to a limited extent; and there Is no dqpbt as to the mine of these seats when one Is desirous of bunding up a lock of good layers, as it clearly shows the drones as well as the heavy producers. It Is eewaUy valuable in breeding exhibition stock, which requires sare aad aocarate pedi gree, breeding. It Is quite tree that these boxes require considerable at tentlon; but the results far more than repay the time taken In recordiag the number of eggs laid. By the use of these nests, we foaad that one hen in the pea did not lay a siagle egg, although always bright aad vigorous; another did not lay more than seven eggs before becoming broody; while still another never showed the least Inclination to sit This last hen laid 180 eggs during the nine months la which the box was la the pen. On tario Report Dark Nests. Where egg eating is a habit among fowls, dark nests will be found very' serviceable; as it becomes practically impossible for a fowl to strike an egg hard enough to break it when it is In a semi-light In the arrangement shown here the hens .enter the nest at B, from whlcft the lower board has been removed to show the arrange- DARK NESTS: A. REAR VIEW: FRONT VIEW. (Poultry Craft) ment of partitions between the three nests. When this board is oa, the nests are light enough for the fowls to find them, but too dark for them to see the eggs very distinctly. At A is seen the rear of the nest box, which has a cover that can be raised np when -the eggs are to be gathered or the nests renewed. Such nest boxes should not be nailed to the floor or partition wall, but should he hooked fast so that they may from time to time be removed and thoroughly dis infected. Our Poultry. According to the census of three years ago, the United states has 233 million chickens, 6 million turkeys, 6 million geese and 4 million ducks. The odd thousands are not given, as the millions are near enough. It will be seen that our common barnyard fowl is a good ways in the lead. In the matter of chickens, the leading state is Iowa, which is credited with IB millions. Illinois comes next with If millions, and she Is closely followed by Missouri with 14 millions. Ohio is also credited with 14 millions and Texas has 13 millions. Indiana, Kan sas and Pennsylvania have each over 10 millions. The smallest showing was made by Alaska, which reported only 176 chickens. In the total value of poultry and eggs produced during the census year Illinois led, and was followed by Iowa and Missouri in the order named. For the census year the value of all the eggs produced in the United States was 144 millions aiid of poultry products 135 millions. Milk Supply Statistics. The United States Department of Agriculture has recently made a most exhaustive investigtalon as to the milk supply of some of our largest cities. The dally milk supply for each of these averages in gallons about as follows: New York, 268,800; Chicago, 161,000; Philadelphia, 75.300; St Louis, 29,400; Boston, 82,200; Balti more, 25,000; Cleveland, 23,000; Buf falo. 31,000; San Francisco, 27.000; Cincinnati 251000; Pittsburg, 30,000; New Orleans, 9,900; Detroit, 25.000; Milwaukee, 24,700; Washington. 12,000. According to the reports of per capita .consumption, Boston uses far more milk than any other city, it being 1.17 pints per person per day. The people of New York city use on an average about two-thirds of a pint of milk per person per day. The Chicago people use three-fourths of a pint The least milk is used in New Orleans, where the people consume on an average only about one-fourth of a pint per day. There is a great difference in the way in which this milk is brought to the cities. Chicago brings more of her milk by rail than any other city in the country, only three per cent coming in on wagons. The per centage of milk brought in on trains for the different cities is as follows: New York, 88; Chicago, 97, Philadel phia, 90; St. Louis, 43; Boston, 80; Baltimore, 78; Cleveland, 84; Buffalo, 85; San Francisco, 55; Cincinnati, 25; Pittsburg, 90; New Orleans, 14; De troit 50; MUwaukee. 25; Washington, 57. It will thus be seen that in New Orleans 86 per cent of all the milk Is brought into the city by means of wag ons, and that in Milwaukee and Cin cinnati 75 per cent is brought ia in that way. Dairy Customs Abroad. Danish stables are generally kept clean probably cleaner than In Amer icabat at the cost of a vast amount of very cheap labor. Ia" other coon tries as well as Denmark much atten tion is paid to cleaning the cow sta bles, but the conclusion has been forced upon us that this is done more from aa appreciation of the value of a? farm manarial matter aad the fixed habit of saving it than' from any knowledge or intention of cleanliness as of prime importance in dairying. This is especially shown by the fact that cows are milked in just about as careless and - uncleanly a manner In Great Britaia and all over Europe as, it must unfortunately be confessed, is the common practice in the United States. The very general use of wom en as milkers In all foreign dairy dis tricts is a decided advantage; they are gentler aad cleaner than men. nnd vastly better than the average farm laborer, who does all aorta of work daring the day. Much attention Is be ing given, especially in Eagland, to pernetaate the eastern of esaptoyiag women instead of men for milkers, and to maintain the-esseieney of mUk maMs; theeopnmr nnbUcntilklngcon tests at the dairy shows are nseful and commendable. Many parts of Eat ope have the additional advantage of keen lag the cows la the fields eoatuaoasly the greater part of the year and milk ing them in the open air. 'This prac tice does much to lasers clean milk I and pare products. Henry E. Ahrord. B. LIVE STOCK Fluid Useless for Branding. From time to time attempts are made to supplant the red hot branding iron by a liquid. A liquid branding material patented In New Zealand has been imported- to this' country and quite widely advertised." A large nam ber.of western cattle men tried It and reported adversely on It It was claimed that It would not injure the hide, but the experience of stockmen seems to be that it injures them aa much as the branding Iron. . Relative to this matter, the Arizona station publishes the following: "Hon. Will C. Barnes of Dorsey, Ne Mexico, formerly an Arizona cat tleman, has used this same branding fluid under range conditions and ax presses himself concerning Its use aa follows: "For the man who, like my self, has from two to three hundred calves to brand at a time, I can see no way of using it successfully. " 'In branding time on my ranch we usually cut out from two to three hun dred calves, put them into a lane in the corral, cutting calves Into one pea and cows into another. One man grabs the calf by the right hind leg, another grabs the tail, gives a quick jerk and the calf is on bis aide with one man holding his bind legs and an other on his neck. No sooner doss he hit the ground than a man Is at him with the iron, while at the same time another man marks and castrates, and this year a third man dehorned with a clipper. With two pairs of men to throw, one to run the Irons, one to cat aad mark, and one to dehorn, making seven men In all, we have frequently branded out ninety calves ia an hour and kept it np at that clip for three or four hours. Now I tried the branding fluid un der such conditions: I first put it Into a milkpan and used a cold Iron. it took a long time for the fluid to penetrate the hair, and Anally one vigorous calf kicked over my pan and spilled the fluid all over the legs of the man holding him. That settled the pan system, and I got a brush and painted it on. That worked all right, but took time. But the worst feature of all was that crowding three or four hundred calves into a small pen that way, they smeared and rubbed the stuff all over each other, the sides of the corral and the men's clothes. "'Branding time on a big ranch is a hurry-up period; everything is in a rush. ' To use the fluid means to take just about tea times as long as by the hot iron system.' " Ayershire Breeders' Meeting. The 29th annual meeting of the Ayr shire Breeders' Association washeld December 2d in Albany. N. Y., with twenty-five members present and some ten visitors. The report of the secre tary showed nineteen new members added daring the past year and seven lost by death. The report of the treas urer showed a balance of $5,469. It was voted to continue the Home Dairy test for the next year. It was voted to appropriate $1,000 In aid of approved exhibitors at the World'a Fair at St Louis In 1904, and a committee was elected to look after the selection of animals for the show. C. M. Winslow, Brandon, Vt; Charles C. Doe, South Newbury, Vt, and Geo. E. Pike, Gouv erneur, N. Y., comprise the committee. The scale of points was revised to give a more decided dairy conforma tion to the Ayrshire cow. The follow ing officers were elected: President Dr. Thomas Turnbull, Jr., Casanova, Va.; vice-presidents, Obediah Brown, Providence, R. I.; Charles C. Doe, South Newbury, Vt: J. Fletcher, South Lyndeboro, N. H.; S. M. Wells, Newlngton, Conn; secretary and edi tor, Charles M. Winslow, Brandon. Vt; treasurer. N. S. Winsor, Greenville, R. I.; executive committee In place of J. O. Magie, deceased; ' Andy Holt, South Lyndeboro, N. H.; executive committee for three years, J. Andrew Casterline, Dover, N. J.; J. F. Con verse, Woodville, N. Y. Intelligent Buying of Feed. Most dairymen must buy consider able quantities of feed, even though they raise all they can on the farm. Generally these feeds purchased are In the form of concentrates. A dealer in feeds says that he has become tired trying to teach users of feeds to buy intelligently. He finds that to sell feed he must put cheap brands on the market and push their sale; that he cannot dispose of the high-priced feeds, which are really cheaper than are the brands of goods that sell for least money. Many men continue to reckon their purchases by the ton rather than by the real feeding value contained in them. The higher-priced feeds yield less profit to the dealer than do the low-priced brands, so most feed men try to sell all they can of this kind. The dairyman that buys foods rich in protein, is buying closer to the wholesale cost thsn is the man who buys the low-priced feeds. There is money in knowing bow to buy to the best of advantage, even in feeds to be used in the dairy. Cut Bedding Straw. To my mind, the proper care ot manure commences with the cutting of all the straw, which can be done at the time of thrashing at a very mod erate expense, says James McFad yean. It may require the exercising of a little patience while the grain is still in the shock, that it may become thoroughly dry, and cost us the bat tening of our barns that it may be kept so. Then we have all the straw in less bulk than that occupied by the sheaves, and in a position aad under the most favorable circum stances to be used either as a feed or bedding to the best possible ad vantage. There is no better bedding than cut straw, from the fact that a greater body of it lies close to the floor to soak up the liquid manure, and if we could be impressed with the value of liquid manure, we would as far as possible have all stable floors water-tight that the liquid might be preserved and mixed with the solids Man's Friends and Enemies. M. Metchnikoff Is the discoverer of the phagocytes, those singular tenants of human bodies that fight on man's side in the "veritable battle that rages in the innermost recesses of oar be ings,' aad whose special function Is the destruction of microbes. He says that at a given period In the life of the organism the phagocytes, pre sumably because the supply of mi crobes is onthe wane, literally turn nnd devour the human bodies which they inhabit thra the degeneration of specific tissue in old nge Is mainly due to that tissue being invaded aad devoured by the larger phagocytes. Refuses Franchise to Women. By a unanimous vote the Parliament of Norway has rejected a proposal to confer the franchise on women.' -- . - - . t MmwGLmmmwmmmimT' LsT7mmr 1 aniBsmWBBm dBanT' sns ssmmswannt a- Pearl Millet Pearl millet has been grown In this country for about thirty years, and in that time has not excited very much interest It has a few things in favor of It, principally Its size and rapid growth. From time to time dif ferent seedsmen have taken hold of it aad have pushed it before the people aader new names, and in various ways a great deal of seed has bcea sold, sometimes at extravagant prices. It thus happens that this plant has now come to be known by numerous names, and in the same seed catalogue it will. sometimes appear under more than one name and the -seed quoted One Pearl Millet Plant Ten Feet High, at different prices. Of- these the United States Department of Agricul ture has collected a list as follows: African cane, African millet, Bajree millet, Black millet Brazilian millet, Bulrush millet Cat-tail millet. East Indian millet, East Indian pearl mil let, Indian millet Egyptian millet Horse ' millet, Japan millet, Mand'a wonder forage plant, and Pencllaria. in Germany, Spain, Africa and India numerous other names are In use. Its origin is not known, but is sap posed to have been Africa, from which locality It was brought to this con tinent by the Spaniards at a very ear ly date. It was described by writers more than 200 years ago. It has cer tainly been grown in our Southern states since about 1875, but how much longer than that is not known. In 1878 the United States Department of Agriculture sent seeds of this plant to various parts of the country for trial. The plant was found valuable principally for green forage. Within the last few years different firms have m r" Pearl Millet Heads; a. before blossom ing: b. In blossom; c. In seed. advertised it under new names, charg ing as high as $1.50 per pound for its seed. At the same time other firms were selling the same kind of seed under the name of pearl millet at as low as 12' cents per pound. A Ger man firm did even better than 'any American firm and sold the seed at tbe rate of ten for a cent under the name of "Peruilaria." This brought in about $69 per pound. It is, how ever, to the credit of American seed houses that" only a few of them have sold this seed for anything else than pearl millet Pearl millet has considerable value as a soiling crop, and for this purpose our farmers can afford to grow it quite extensively, especially those .thst have dairy cows to carry through the summer drouth. It grows best in rich moist alluvial -soils, and on such soils very large yields are sometimes ob tained. It is, however, a gross feeder and takes a good deal of substance from the soil. The ground should be deeply plowed and well pulverized, to give the roots an abundance of room for feeding. Pearl millet is by na trre a tropical and semi-tropical plant but has been gradually acclimated further torts. The seed must there fore be planted in the ground after it becomes warm, else it will never sprout The principal use of the mil let ia the north is for soiling, and for this purpose it may be sown in drills 30 Inches apart. It should be repeat edly cat for the cattle when it is three or four feet high. The cutting should not be closer to the ground than five or sis inches, so that the plant will start up again. The plant will grow" to a height of ten feet or more if al lowed to do so, but nt that sixe ft becomes woody and Is ?f little value for aotiiag parpose? Oa poor soils six to eight pounds are used per acre, bat on rich soils the smoant need not exeeed four pounds. Some follow the practice of sowing It broadcast for the purpose of making millet any, in which case about half a bushel of seed is seeded. Bat littli can be said in favor of this as a hay crop, for two If it is allowed to become i mature it la too wrge.aad coarse and i woody for good hay; If eat for hay whea,on!y three or, four feet high It ccnttalse-about to per ceat of water aad la extnmely hard to care. It Is probable' fiat It it were made Into anrsmmmmmVl srst ma M lssl mmBmutsmmsmsMmmmmaVM MM M MM MM M -- "A. heads are appearing We behove, however, that it win beat serve the purposes of oar farmers aa a soiling crop. Watering Hs A discussion of the subject of wa- i teriag horses should take into account the reasons why water is needed, the amounts required; the proper time for .watering, .and related topics, says a government bulletin. Horses, like other animals, require water to moist en their food so that the digestive Juices may permeate it readily', to .di lute the blood and other fluids of the body, and for other physiological uses. It may be assumed that under any given normal condition the body con tains a definite amount of water. When any considerable amount of wa ter Is lost from the body, a sensation of thirst is experienced, showing that more water Is needed to take its place. Practically all the water excreted leaves the body in the feces, urine, perspiration, and breath. The amount eliminated, in each, according to Wolff, Increases' with the amount of water consumed; the largest amount being excreted in the feces. In experiments which he carried on, the total amount of water consumed ranged from 17.363 kilograms to 34.272 kilograms (38.3 to 75.6 pounds). The feces contained from 40.3 to 47.3 per cent of the total amount excreted; the urine from 2L1 to 34.9 per cent In addition to the water drank by horses, a considerable amount is ob tained in the more or less succulent food eaten. The amount of water re quired is influenced by a aamber ot factors, including the season of ths year, temperature of the surrounding air, character of the feed, the individ ual peculiarities of the horse, the amount and character of the work per formed, and probably others. The amount of water needed increases with the temperature and with the amount of work performed, since it is very evident that both of these fac tors Increase the amount which is given off from the body in the form of peraplration. Muscular work also Increases the amount of water vapor excreted in the breath. According to Grandeau and Leclerc, a horse used in one of their experiments, when at rest, evaporated 6.4 pounds of water per day; when walking, 8.6 pounds; when walking and drawing a load, 12.7 pounds; when trotting, 13.4 pounds, and when trotting and draw ing a load, 20.6 pounds. It is evident from these figures that the amount of water excreted, and hence the amount required, varies with the work performed. Corn and Cob Meal. Cobs are too valuable for the dairy man 'to throw away or burn. They may not possess much nutriment, but it has been demonstrated quite con clusively that they have a feeding val ue not much less than tne corn that grew upon them, provided they are ground with the corn. A' certain weight of corn and cob meal is equal in feeding value to a like weight of pure ground corn. This result doubt less arises from the more digestible form given to the corn meal by the presence of the ground cobs. One of the largest cattle feeding companies in Nebraska buys all tbe cobs it can get, which it 'grinds with the shelled corn it has been compelled to buy. It raises corn and buys what it can unshelled, but has still to resort to outside purchases. Our readers should remember this. It is one strong argu ment in favor of grinding the corn rather than feeding it in any other way; for only by grinding can the cob be rendered available. Tne chemist cannot find the value In the cob that the cow can, but it is there. We have paid too little attention to the me chanical form in which our dairy feeds are given. The cow has a stomach differing very much from that of many other of our farm animals, and con centrated foods are not handled in it to good advantage. Experience Is Necessary. No advocate of agricultural educa tion has ever maintained that mere study, even of books on agriculture, will fit a young man for farming. Far from it We are well aware that noth ing can take the place of apprentice ship in every department of farm work, and that no amount of theor etical, or even practical knowledge of the minutest details can attain suc cess without good management and constant exercise of industry, pru dence and economy. What we do maintain is that neither theory nor practice should stand alone, but that they should go hand in hand, and the farm apprentice receive instruction both; in fact, wo are unable to see how any one can doubt the statement that the young man who has chosen agriculture as his occupation will be benefited by acquainting himself with the experience of the most successful farmers, by studying their practice and discussing the principles and maxims which guide them on their way to success. Dr. James Mills, President Ontario Agricultural Col lege. Ontario Crops. Ontario is coming rapidly to the front as a producer of agricultural wealth. The reports for the current year have been complied and show tbe following yields: FaU wheat. 17.242.763 bushels; an average of 25.9 bushels per acre. Spring wheat 4,949,233 bushels, an average of 19.9 bushels per acre. Barley, 24,378,817 bushels, an aver age of 24.3 bushels per acre. Oats, 110,228403 bushels, an aver age of 4L7 bushels per sere. Rye, 2,970,768 bushels, an average of 16.6 bushels per acre. Peas, 8,924,650 bushels, an average of 21.9 bushels per. acre. Buckwheat. 2,049469 bushels, an average of 21.5 bushels per acre. Beans, 978,246 bushels, an average of 18.4 bushels per acre. Potatoes, 16,676,447 bushels, an av erage of 120 bushels per acre. Corn, 29,287,888 bushels, an aver age of 77.3 bushels per acre. Apples, 43,659,413 bushels, sn aver age of 6.15 bu. per tree of bearing age. Black and White Jutland Cattle. What Is known as the Jutland breed of cattle is used for both milk and beef making purposes. The nnimals are spotted black and white. The cows when mature weigh in the neigh borhood of 1,000 pounds each. Ani mals of this breed are fattened In large numbers aad exported to the English market Within the last gen eration the Jutland breed' has been creatly Improved both as to Its milk- tag aad its maturing qualities. The bulbs attain a weight of 1,300 to 1.400 pounds at two and a half years of age. The Danes are trying to develop the milking qualities of these animals rather than the beef making powers. f silage at this point of growth the resultant silage would be entirely tee add. aa ia the ease with corn when cat too green. If hay la to he made of it It should ho cat Jest as the ammmV m M W M m m m mm m MMmmmM Mi M f WW kW kW 7 M mn I MM m f a 6jsmJsWaw mgKSunsaS aLBnmmmmmmmmhhSTsT m)M m mmWMwMmm MM af m vQr W&JkW'mmit There was a card oa the basiaess s desk, ob it was printed in large black type: TIME IS MONEY. : DON'T TAKE MINE UNLESS YOU: : CAN GIVE VALUE RECEIVED. : The business man propped this up conspicuously against a bill file aad then said wearily to the oJice boy: "Show him ia." A large, florid man entered. "How are you, Simpson?" he said, cordially. "Are you busy?" "Busy pretty much all the time." "I calculated you would be, but there was a little matter I wanted to see you about. I don't suppose I'd have thought of it hardly but Tom Dcmpsey By the way, did you know Tom was married? Yes; he married some southern girl a Miss Avery. I got a bid to the wedding but I didn't go. Lampson went aad he says she's about as pretty a girl as he ever met Comes of one of those high-toned old families, yon know. They only got back from their honey moon trip about three weeks ago. But I guess you didn't know him very well." "What was this little matter he re minded yon of?" "Bless your heart, he didn't remind me of it! That's a pretty good joke. Ha. ha! No. I was going to say that Tom Dempsey and I had been to lunch together at the Tolferino and as it was so close by I thought I'd come up and see you. I had it on my mind some time." "What did you have on your mind?" "This matter I'm talking about. I thought possible I might see you at mssaam,maBssfcsavnsaaMiv Road to This was the road between the silver mines And the old smelter, twenty years ago; A fading path beneath the slender pines And tbe far summits of eternal snow. Here, where the iron-roofed sheds have dropped to rust. The quest of treasure claimed man's brawn and nerve: The teamster's whiplash cracked through c-loutls of dust. And the long mule team swung the plunging curve. A score tf yar have passed since grat ing wheels Slid down these rocks, held by the strident brake. Unvexed the meadow-lark his anthem peals To-day where yonder silvery aspens shake. The underbrush grows thick as sum mers rass: The ruts grow fainter with each win ter snow: And creeping ferns and flowers and mountain grass Blot out the road men traveled years ago. Xo more the rumbling, jarring wagons lear Their freight of wealth. Abandoned lie the mines. Xo more the fevered throngs come crowdir-g theie IJeiK-atli the snow-peaks and the pur ple pines. I A Triumph "When I was a young man in the business," said Mr. G. S. Whitson, vice president of the National City bank, "I knew a chap who was a sort of a promoter-before-his-tlme. That is, if he bad lived to-day he would have been exploiting industrial combina tions. As it was he did the best he could in the small way his opportuni ties offered, and had plenty of money sometimes and none at all at others. "He was a great fellow to talk im pressively of his resources and his standing at the bank my bank. He did have an account there, and I was very careful to see it was not over drawn. One dsy he went to a simple minded fellow who kept a grocery store and got him to cash a check for $50. "The grocer sent his check to the bank. The chap who made it didn't have a dollar to his credit, so I promptly sent the check back to tbe VWmWWWMMMMWWMWMWMWWWMMAMAWWWWWAMMWWW Story Got So apt was the story told by the Rev. Robert S. Mac Arthur in the pul pit last Sunday that it resulted in one of the largest collections of the year, says the New York Times. He spoke in warm terms of the character of John Eliot, the missionary to the In dians, one of whose most lovable traits was an unbounded generosity. "Out of bis salary of fifty pounds a year he gave large sums to charity," said Dr. MacArthur. "On one occa sion the secretary of the Society of the Propagation of the Gospel, when pay ing Eliot his quarterly stipend, sought to do him a service. He hit upon a plan of safeguarding the missionary's money, knowing that in all likelihood Eliot otherwise would give away every penny of it before he reached his home." (Here Dr. MacArthur stepped forward to the side of the pulpit and drew out his pocket handkerchief.) "The wily secretary took Eliot's band kerchief and tied up some of the The Loving "Well, what do you think of it?" askrd the wife. "It seems to be a very pretty scarf pin," replied the aged multimillion aire, "and I thank ou, my dear, for thus remembering me on my birthday. While I am of an age that cares little for diamonds," he added, beaming upon the fair young creature at his side, "yet I must contt:ss tnai i am greatly touched by your thoughtful ness. You have exhibited much taste, my dear." "I am gratified that you should like it," observed the youthful spouse, in a cool, even tone. "It was quite cheap, too. A mere matter of fifty or sixty dollars." "You amaze me!" exclaimed the multimillionaire. "This beautiful pin cost only fifty dollars?" "Just that and no more." responded t "' i - ammmmml M nmmsm'l the Tolferino. It's pretty handy fox you. BHt the prices are steep. What do you think our check was? We had julienne soup and chops just plain lamb chops nothing fancy about 'em and " "What was this business you want ed to see me about, Keppler?" "Well. I was just going to tell you. To begin with I'll tell you. may be I'd better look in some other time. It isn't really a matter of any great importance and you may be too busy to listen." Go ahead. I'm busy, but if there's anything I can do for you " "That's just what I told Tom. We were talking about one thing and an other over our cigars. Do you smoke, Simpson?" "No. What did you want to ask me about?" "Well, 111 tell you. Honestly, I think you're busy bow aad I'd like to talk this over at leisure with yon some time. No, I won't bother about it now." The business man sighed. "Well, if you won't," he said, turning to his desk. "Tom Dempsey " began the visi tor. "Say, you'll have to excuse me now," said the business man, looking at his watch. I've got some work here to finish in a hurry. Good-by. Call again." "Oh. good-by." said the visitor, rather stiffly. "I didn't mean to take your valuable time." He walked out of the office with an air of offended dignity and as soon as he had gone the business man took down the sign that he had propped up against the bill file aad threw it into the waste basket. 3 the Mines I Long bince they hastened on athlrst for goal: In far-off mines and streets they toil and plod. Wmle here unchanged the guardian for ests hold Eternal rlchs from the stores of God. Silver and gold the mountain gives no more; Such as it lias, it gives, unasked, un fcought. Infinite wealth passed bv of men before. Mad for the petty taublrs which they sought. Xor hand of greed shsill clutch the tras ures stored. Xr foot of pride come near to wreak man's will On these, the treasure chambers of the Lord. Locked in the fastnesses of sky and hill. The pure in heart shall ?ee them. Those who lift Unto the hills their eyes shall tind again Healing for soul and lody. gracious shrift l-'iom the old burdens of life's soil uiul stain. Infinite wealth of beauty, boundless store Of fiaCTiul gift oiitreachcd fiom tret and i'rnl. So shall the fading roadway be once more A loud of treasure, leading up to God, Youth's Companion. of Nerve grocer marked 'X. G.' in big, black letters. "The grocer knew dimly that bis check hadn't been paid, and he waited for the promoter. Finally he came stnttting along, a few days later. "'Here, you!' shouted the grocer. 'I want to see you. The bank sent back that check I cashed for you.' "The grocer produced the check. The promoter looked it over careful ly. He observed the big black 'X. C' I had scrawled on it. '"Why, my dear sir, he said, reaching down in his pocket, pulling up a big roll of bills and handing $5 in cash to the grocer, 'allow rue to supply the deficiency. I see the diffi culty. All my checks are payable in gold. It is evident the bank had no gold on hand when you presented the check, for they marked it "N. G.." which means "No Gold." Pleasaut weather we're having, isn't it? Good morning." New York World. the Moneyj money this way in one corner, and some so in another, and so on with the four corners. And firm, hard knots he made of them before handing the handkerchief over to its owner. "It chanced that Eliot on his way home fell in with a worthy woman whose appearance told of dire poverty and distress. lie stopped to speak to her and pretty soon, his heart being touched, pulled out ihe handkerchief. He intended to give a sovereign to her. For some time he tugged and strained at the kBots. but, try as he might, the corners refused to come untied. Then, calmly rolling the handkerchief up into a ball, the missionary placed it In the astonished woman's hands, saying: 'My good woman, I think the I.ord meant you to have it all.' "The ushers," Dr. MacArthur added, "now will pass the basket for collec tion, and you can imitate John Eliot's example if you are so minded." And the congregation dug deep. Young Wife the beautiful girl. "Of course, it may lie that the stones are not precisely what one would term gems of the first water. Yet to me the pia seems a genuine bargain." The Croesus sailed reflectively. "Would you mind telling me, my dear, the reason of this sudden economy on your part? It would appear that my little wife is grown wonderfully pru dent in her expenditures." 'I am afraid you give me too much credit on that score." said the young wife. "The fact is, the pia is guaran teed for five years, and " "And?" "Well, to speak plainly," returned tbe young woman, "as it struck me that it is likely to wear quite as lone as you are likely to live, it would be the height of extravagance to purchi a more expensive pin!" s I . f-.i 't t. L M ? s ".- m . V,-.. ! 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