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Kr -, V&ZgX-fJgg; - W - ' yv W-. vkU. - a-5 . 1". I 1 "- " t, t ifa- I L t to ? I"- a. a'VJfXj : ? .- . ( r-'A r . v. '6 0 r. p' ; - .:. - 'i v - - . - X '" t . -: --' r , W-U. ; 2 r '. fs X m Ct VbwVwV 'A. I -..--Ti- ."" vv-).-,S- Jifi." . c- ' :" ' -j .' - iF i x . l?- s B "fi! n- . Xzzi - e IY ft fc .; i r . 3atfiSSa -' V S : -.. . 5.--r -r.- ::- : ;-S. i ' f f - mil'- -y " I "- . :""' '. ?- -- t I. . - ..... ti . e ; . s. -: v. I . i j" . "-.- - '- " Established Mat U,M. g;olumbnslonruaL Columbus, NolwV Eatsnd at the PoetoSce, Colaal teeoaa-class msil matter. ' 1 PUBLISHED WEDNESDAYS BY Colnbis Joirul Ct J (IKCOBPOBATED.) orseseoairaoa: OMfiv.kraiU, a BIX X WEDNESDAY. JULY 30. ISM. nroxsxcx x. abictt. sxxwabt j. tamr, "tic. - rt RENEWALS-The date opposite war umoi voir taper, or wrapper shows to what tiate roar aaWua to;lt.ai;shos.(t .,..m..,.t hu hn rewired bd to JaaL. 1. 1M. FeWfitotVb. 1, 1905 sad so ob. Whea parateat Is Baadewtlie date.wbieh aaswars as a receipt, .wiU bsTsaw 1 1 s , ly. ,t jt? . DlSTX)NTlNUANT8-KMwoBsiafe sabscrib en will continue to rerrire tab joaraal aatil the pablishors art notified by letter to disooatiaue. whna all anvamitMt mast be paid. If job do aot wiali the Joaraal coatiaaed for soother yssr af trth time paid Tor has expired, yoa ahoald previooaljr aot if y ua to diseoaUaae it. CUANUE IN ADDREBB-Whea orderla a champ in the address, subscribers should be sore to Hear oui as wan as umr RtpHbHUII Tlektt. United States Senator ELMER 7. BUBKETT. Detogales-at-Large JOHN A. PIPER, Bart. IL C BROME, Douglas. E. M. LEFLAXG, Dawsoa. C. a DEMPSTER, Gage. Alternates at-Lerge L M. RAYMOND, Lancaster. SHELBY HASTINGS, Butler. C. E. ADAMS, Nuckolls. E. K. VALENTINE, Cuming. National Committeeman CHAS. H. MORRILL, Lancaster. Presidential Electors F. A. BARTON, Pawnee. A. C. SMITH, Douglas. A. C. ABBOTT, Dodge. T. L. NORVAL. Seward. W. P. HALL, Phelps. If. A. BROWN, Buffalo. II. H. WILSON, Lancaster. tj r -tr J.'C. ROBINSON, r V $ t- ' Doqglas. Governor f J. H. MICKEY. Lieutenant Governor E. G. McGILTON. Secretary of State "AGALUSHA. Auditor E.M.SEARLE.JR. Treasurer PETER MORTENSEN. Snnerinteadent JJL. McBRIEN. Attorney General - NORRIS BROWN. Land Commissioner H. M. EATON. GONGRE&SIONAL. Congressman, Third District j. j: McCarthy. AT 5-V . Tae lands of Red Willow county and or ana v oonnties are lower this year than last. tsrsiris C eqaalimtion met last Monday. Their session may con tinue three weeks. Their werk will be watched with eager interest. Nebraska democrats will not attempt to ase the new revenue law as a cap issae unless they want to add more boomerang to their already large supply. The Japs have been accaed cf crsely before, but the crowning atrocity was for -taaan; ,to sand oat a report that Miss M,M aaea anal then, 8t4?atenaWrg gat ap to the acoperpaashef joyto insnioanee that it was nH a. Joke. Thia is . r-.. -h craasty. . V? -j- raauera . . - will' 'atoanre they are getting a fall report of the supervisors' proceeding', as rapidly as apace can be spared. It is well known that the Journal receives no pay for this work, aud does aot have "l! -"''' mb amaHul ft u 1a sIia Afll. WBS WfJ MT' " -.w mm mmmmmmm ial papers, although it has one of the subscriasian lists in Platte county: MrasoautaggVaad ;plaasant -to aarm your editorial utterances quoted by other papers. But. when our es teemed friend, t-tW Scaayler Qaill, prints a long eulogy of P. E. Mc- MQUine painting eWt the certainty of SJ4s;i ana. the V ..l V mVl. am she fast, aad aradita i . i it all Oalnmhms Journal, we feel like asking for a committee of investiga tkm. We beg to plead aot guilty. BlkinaoC Weat Virginia is up, against it. Ho holds the office of sisM SUtoM aeaator as a repnUicna. anid here comes thV democratic aa tipaal oomvemtion aad .nominates his pes,' decrepit, ed father-ia-lnw for ftvioa-president. r. However, Senator JaJmM:rises ttrfb" oecaaiom aad de clares that it is an insult to West Vir giaia for the' democrats to pat an un known like Parker above Senator Da- in.- when Davis himself should have ,- beea named for president. Therefore. nays Senator Elkiw, Wets Virginia will srrraate this anremthy voting for Roese- r velt and Falrhaaks: it certainly is a -r. tarytoaghprppoaition to have to choose between a seat ia the senate and the good graces of n father-in-law who is worth twenty millions and ia about randy to drop off. The Kelly trial, when nil bills are will cost Platte county right 9900U. Those who heard the ia thi trial will reaaeaaber that Kelly aad Snowdea would net have found their way into Platte but for the fact that they ' where they could dispose of atial- goods here. Do away with for stolen goods in nnd the KeUys and arill aot come this way. How ana 4hla be done? By prohibiting the p4dlers aad street takire am trioting the eecead-kaad In the days of the pirates. f. ' sjmd.mVynam to s . ..-. ? J mi? WSMSS1 J their saving. Thntril tax-payers will be fate- KeUy naurder trial a W l .fUv J'WSS'BW'smSPnW JTVv ,T- aftea.'ksLiiimma Jaf flfe j2 . Sl,-;-;- , -W tJ- unfSr aLiACaMmmnrBnmBw3' ANNOUNCEMENT. In retiring frosa a place is the man acssaent and editorship of The Coluai bus Journal, I desire to thank the bust ness men of Columbus for the loyal support extended this paper. Wherever my tMssuMSs rsiations saay eau me in tae fatmre, I shall always retain the most pleasant mesaories of say brisf stay in Colmabns. Its bosinsss men are enter- ride-awake Hbsral ia their desliasjs with the newspapers, aad to newspaper man no better recosa sasndation can be giren for any city. The aaanacement of the paper is left in hands that will do everything witala haman power for the oontiaaed saooess of the beat paper in Platte coanty, and to ell who are acqaaiated with Mr. Abbott's ability aad personality, there can be no doubt as to the outcome. It ia with the deepest regret that I leave a city where so many pleasant relations have been formed, but business duties hare made the move imperatiT. Agaia thanking the friends of the Joaraal for their loyal aupport, and trusting that the same substantial courtesies may continue to be a goodly portion of the Journal's happy lot, I am Respectfully, 8. J. RjantXDT. With this Kennedy who s issue Stewart J. with me in taj i of the Journal, retires from me all his stock. eitated by the desaaads made apoa Mr. Kennedy's attention by the Booae County Advance which he has pabliahed successfully at St. Edward for ssveral years. In assuming the sola aaanagesnent of the Journal I desire to acknowledge to Journal readers the large measure of credit due Mr. Kennedy for aay improve ment that may have bsen saade tender our joint management. The Journal will be conducted along the same lines in the fatmre, hoping to gain friends and aupport only in propor tion as its merits deserve. Frederick H. Abbott. A SOCIAL DUTY. The Journal wishes to second the move recently aaada by the Telegram for the establianjment of a social or ganisation which wiU provide a saeet ing place for the citizens of the town on n purely social basia. It is some thing that U badly needed both for the oosafort of the members and for the good it wiU do Oolambna. The Elks lodge has been suggested, aad no batter could be secured. It ia natiansl ia its scope ami includes in its membership ia-aetieally all of the prograsaive aanaaaas andnrofasi- afftha cities where it is lo- The aatablishmsat of thia ledge hern, provided it eamai ma dome, would do more aawardadvartiaing Oo Immmnsas am ap-to-date town aad a geod ' place to visit thaa alsaost aay thlngelse. The one obstaols which has beea meatloaed is that poaribly Oolamams cannot show the reqaired popalatioa of fiOOO which ia aeoeamry to gat the Elks. Itshnaldbereafsmbaradtmatit ia mow utore thaa four years simoe the last census was taken, aad that ia these four years Columbus has gruwa aa it never did before. Wa andartake to aay positively that we have 6000 popalatioa today aad that before the next onnsas year wa ahaU have far i excess of that aamber. Letaosae of the leading spirits gat together aad appoiat themselvea a coauaittee and get busy. Thia shomkl imtarast every saaa who has property ia Co lumbus. A JOINT DEBATE. We rise to suggest a ooarse of po litionl eatortainsaamt whlah wa aomht not would prove eatresaajy inetmet ive to the voters of the ' Third dis trict. Mr. MoKiUip una beea nom inated for comgress; it ia ap to hint to demonstrate his foreasio abilities, aad at the same time to define and defend his position on sosae of the leading questions of the day. Aa effective and time honored method Is the joint debate. We had at Ant thought of propoeiag a joint delates between Oomgraaaaaaa MeOerthanslJir. McKiUip, such as they MMjlp i the good old tisses whHgjr llsan stood for one thing ejd JwffPrSr seam for another. aad each aana tmew where ha Bat here is where wa strike a Mr. MoKiUip, unfortunately, is divid ed against himself, so to speak. He stands with his right foot proudly and defiantly planted on the Bsnsas Ciiy platform, Sixteem to One aad an surrender; and his left foot, alas, planted firmly upon the St. Louis platform, the Gold Standard forever. rVo. it would be too humiliating to Mr. MoKiUip to be led under condition into m public debate w the other fellow would have privilege of asking ei questions. Mr. MoKiUip is a pleasant gentlssasn nnd a gcod judge of tea, and we shell not insist on aay such igememt. Bat before wa drop this project of a joiat debate, we wish to suggest one other plan whioh wa flatter oarsslvas wiU ha eomssastadm fairly brilliant cemoeptioa. Why not let Mr. McKiUip hold a joiat de bate with himself? Let hi before the ssaamhlsd atnndimg Irmly on his right toot, ra oommt the bloody crime af "73 and areaoh the glad tidings of free silver or die, as sat forth ia the phvtfi whioh be aoeeptad ansr a rhJehthe shifted. espesiaUy aa sssts Mr. KilUp rennpeara. standing iraalyam his left aha amid Them 1st Mr. MoKiUip the H by this haaayaaamin the aadlancs who is mot convinced us to whioh aide of Mr. MeKtUiphe ahanld vate far, tot him vote lor MeOarthy. wa think af this pro ject. immtimii with the ioaaofiadriaabUity. Washamlima ghultoJnvve this isasHirsd iiani to Mr. MeJUllioL ami haoe to miw'Bsxm hit autiscais DEVIL AND DEEP SEA. Of two evils choose the less, as Clay urns 1 1 Si wham ha turned his support to John Quaaoy Adams instead of the old war-horse, Andrew Jackaoa. This seems to be the eeutiineat of Mr. Bryan lathepraasat dUemma in which ha ands himself, aa bstwsea BoossveU nnd Parker. Ha alleges against Roose velt that ha is aa unaafs nun becaase ha is sulring to agitata the race qnss tiom and hiaiais ha baUeves imaaain taining the standing army of the Unit ed Staets. Jaat how he is working to stir ap the raos qasstioa Mr. Bryan doss aot apaoify; probably necanas ha iavitad Boakar Wsahington to dimmer. We greatly fear that thia amy lose him the vote of Mississippi, bat them such is Ufa. Ha cannot hope to be elected mmamiaaomsly. The standing army joka is getting a trifle stale, but it is much better than nothing- Everybody knows that ea list meat ia the regular army of this ooaatry wiU never be compulsory, nnd that aajutariam as it is found in European eoaatries wiU never be more thaa a politician's dream ia this re pabUo. Bat whan Mr. Bryan gets throagh with Roosevelt and devotes his atten tion! to Mr. Parker, then is when he gata down to business. He remarks imprimis that Jadga Parker is the aa oomprosaiaiag enemy of the oaly thing thai wiU save the ooaatry, namely, flUte sa to One without waiting, etc. Ha farther observes that on tha trast qnastiam Parker is ia league with the octopus and wa can hope for no relief frosa aim. Oa tha tariff plank Mr. Bryan sees a faiat glimmer of hope, bat refleots that the Parker platform was repahlicea on the subject of tariff until Mr. Bryan himself made it aasBOoraiic. On the labor qaestion. ha aanomncas that it remains to be saaa whether "the faaacial influence back of Jadga Parker wiU permit him to take tha labor side of these disput ed questions. " AU this seems very convincing aad sapported by evi dence, Wa begin to regard Mr. Bryan as a maa of dieceraiag judgment aad poUtical honesty. But proceed: Ia consideration of these premises, Mr. Bryan wiU sup port Mr. Parker! Touching Mr. William J. Bryaa, we consider that there is enough said. THE PARAMOUNT ISSUE. Tha denftoorutio newspapers differ ua widely as to what the democrat should maike the paramount Issue of the npproaohiag campaiga, as do tha planks of tha Nebraska platf bra aad of tha aaHoaal platform Mr. pledgee his vote to Parker, bat practically refMdiates every Parker principle. While nominally a Parker sapportar, ha is praotically i Tha Platform is distasteful to oat of tea democrats. It dees aot go far enough toward the Kansas City platform to please Bryaa. aad it goes too far that way to please Parker. Harper's Weakly, ia a disgasted tone, says of the platform, "It is a mere hodge-podge ia perfect harmony with the manngement af the show. Appar ently nobody reqaired aboard to in ject hlhtself into the platform ; all one had to do was to walk ia. But time is reqaired to analyze the extraordia-, ary docuseeut. For tha msmsnt in an ntntosphara laden with oaal dast the perusal aaerely serves to Utenaifytbe aching of the eyes. Bryan himsslf says that tha greatest plank in tha plat form, tha uuti-truet plank, isVnmU lied" by" Parker's nomtaattoB No body knows exactly where Parker stands, bat every one knows he was aoasinatad by the flaanciars beoaaae ha was thought to possim rtows. traits AU theas soasldaratioas lead to taUooaclaaian: Rooaavelt is the can didate for the middle elaases aad his psrsaaality oonatltatee the repablicaa platform. Those who believe in Roosevelt's record, on the trust, the railroad, the tariff, the Panama will not try to. understand the pled, umexplaiaable democratic platform, bat they will vote for the thing thev an sure of. namely, the honesty and tha courage of Theodore Roosevelt, aad they wiU vote for re paaUoaa congressmen aad legislators ia order that Roosevelt's will may have complete sway ia congress. COJ.UMBIMES. r.j.B. Qaery: Wasa a kitten lies down with his for feet poiatiac aorta aad his aiad feet poiat iacsoata. oa which side U be lyias? (Note: It will be perceived that the foreaolac coataiaa a veiled yet crashiacly sarcastio allasioa to W. J. " We have heard of white blackbirds aad live corpses aad saea, bat it maaiacd for the World Hera'd eomspoadeat to describe the desaoenUie BoaUaee for vies pr esideat as a "gold staadsrd. aitfa-tarisT dsaaocrat." Newbraach alvsjrs was Of coarse we aa Elks lodge or a lodge of kiad before we are drirea ia haaiiliatioB to ssekaloacs ia sossevast wilderness when a friead coats to lodge with as over aight. Asit is aow.waeaoaeot yoarold pals drops ia oa yoa between traias. yoa can by war of eatertaia asrat take hiaa dowa to the roaadhoBae aad let aiai look at the switch sagiars Tbsa yoa can take aba aptothe pabUc'sqaan aad seat his oaaa Iron beach aader the shade trees, if yon hae saaaibralla with yoa. Aad yoa caa say to aJau"lbsinliltlirsTSft- U1 taebsaatifal tress. AadtheayoasreallU; there is aothiag left bat the grog shop. Yes,weaesdaclabof sosMkiad. . One of oar little aieghbors, when she heard of tha fire ia Itftaay 4 Johnson's, waated to kaow if tasy saved aay of the backets. Ws said to her. dear child ; the backets war aaracta- Bat we saved the oU chess board. glory to God." Aad ia tram the old board was the oaly taiag that lived throagh tbebolooaast; bat afsar Sa ascacs it aa bean taibauVfir dent bat to it. 'v f; City. Usah.-( to this saty af tha Imiavtha orient a laas wlsw to aansi his ram. sa let aa ta Salt Air mV thaaisy. hack aad forth svsry hoar, ao off we gonad take a plunge ia tha briny waters of the lake. How delightfal, how refreshing it ial So salty Is the water that yam float without ana sffart. Bvsnifyaatrytositdawnin thassadlawwnaar.it lifts yoa bodily and tha gasmen msHsa af the water jam in snatn af yaauaalf. pie all totbis place, which offers kiaas of amassment. The im- pavUion is two stories high and has a dancing floor large sasugh to aaooatolate a thoutnini" coanles. The lower floor is partly accapiad by restaurants and also provides room for people who bring their lunch baskets. shooting gallery, bowling alleys. of different kinds asnVa aterry- provide s sjimnat for. old BaUt to gHaamavn nwad view of the lake aad the aijaeeat mountains, it has a wiag oa each tide extaadiag for haadreds of feet, and as from Its a'pper portico we view the sansat on fhs lake wa feel that won drous indeed are the beauties of nature. Z We had intended to spend only n few hoars at thia place, bat the af teraooa speeds away and it is late at eight before we take the train that takes as back to tha citv. n , , I i r " Tha next day is Bandar aad ser vices are held in the great Tabernacle built by thai tote Brighnm Young. Thousands of people urn" in atten dance, nnd as the grand organ peals forth its melodious! sounds nnd a hymn is sung by n urge choir of se lected singers, we are enraptured by the delightful harmony. If this be the .effeot.prodnced by 'the .voices of a few hundred saintswhaTmast be the raptare of the human soul when greeted at its arrival into the upper sphere by the songs of a heaven foU of angels? After the singing of a few hymns a bishop preaches a ser mon, reminding his hearers of the fact that the universe is governed by immutable laws, and that it is the nanred daty of the Latter Day Saints to live and act ia conf ormlty with those laws; the more so because the All mighty ha seen fit to nuke them n special revelation of Hu will throagh the prophet of the church, Joseph Smith. The sermon ends , with nn exhortation to the young men to assamen tha - matrimonial yoke, to propagate and multiply, as only in that manner can they attain the fall glorv of redemption as promised In holy writ. The' young ladies, so re marks the preacher (and in this we beUeve they resemble their Christian sisters), need no urging to matrimony on hu part and are williag to obey the law as laid, 'dowa to mother Ere cand perform their duty in strict obedience to the laws of heavea. Another hymn is sung with as de lightful harmony as tho first, nnd an other bishop preaches a sermon the gist of which is salvation throagm the grace of God. Reference is nude to the bishops of tho chareh as the sjrgan through which the, Holy stmirit speaks to God's people the aana as He did in ages past. Agaia young aasa are urged to marry nnd thaa obey the law of God nnd fnlflU their duty to posterity. Had we not seen hare nay of tha fair daughters of Eva wewomld be lead to believe that they had aot been fairly treated by the Great Giver of AU Things, bat after carefel sarvey of the situation, we are firmly ooa viaced that the gentle influence of one daughter of Eve is superior to the sermons of a handred preachers. Ia close proximity to the Tabernacle stands the Mormon Temple., the con struction of which required fifty years of. continuous labor aad cost four mil lion dollars. In architecture it strong ly resembles cathedrals of tha old world. It ia built eatirely of cat ataaa and with its many towers rising in the air, it nukes an insuring ap pearance. The Temple is aot open to the public, bat is rassrvtd by the Saints for the performance of each sacred rites aa marriage aad baptism. It is said that when a Mormon alder smtfers from that enlargement of tha heart whioh caa only be remedied by tha possession of nn nddittonal wife, the walls of the. Tesaple ,eioae can provide that saerecy which is now aa solntely necessary to the psast njasaee of the ceremony. It is reeatinable to suppose that after the religioas fervor of the affected mind has boon brought to the white heat under the sacred roof of the Holy Temple that then nnd there the new link ia the mntri moaul chain is welded for good, to add to the glorious hereafter of the saint and the earthly welt being of tho new spouse. Both the Temple and the Taberaiole stand on finely ornamented grounds, surrounded by a solid waUand to the visitor preaeat a very interesting np pearance. Across the street fromf the Temple stands the residence formerly occupied by Brighnm Young, now in habited by his successor Here also is the eagle arch which ( spans the street. Schools for Mormon children aad colleges for young men hre near by while here aad there is seea a rem nant of the old wall which surround ed the city la days gone by. ' Among the conveniences provided for the tourist, let as mention the sight seeing street car with a nun in charge to point oat the places of interest to the visitor aad give sach other iafomution us. may be desired. The car runs to ail parts of the city but ns it is here impossible to give a desoriptonof all thejKdnts.of interest, wa wiU just aauM a few. At one end of the' Una close to the mountains that edge tha city are found the Hot Springs, tha tamperatare of whose waters, aomewhat exceeds blood beat. Good aocommodatieas are pro vided for bathing, nnd it is claimed that theas waters are a sure cure for many diseases of the skia. West across the street stands a hos pital where patients ars. cared format a-Brfanasnil price. Now we no to 'taw. ansa and of tha city past maa araslthjr rssldsats. Wa alee aasa tab saaatlal chareh buildings -:aad finally maahtlwHoeaeof thaMihora nag; ofgiiii'iapl substantial to she highest af.tha hmm intended by the f. ir anana should here mania) enjoy their rasjalalag r -jils fjz l. -i. days.Theto- - r. " . r--T oatioa cartaialr aoald aot have bean better chosen for haalthfal aadpteas nut sarroundings. A littU farther down the hUl is lo cated one of the rasevvaiiaaf tha city, dariviag its water fresn meaatsla stream near by. and have tot saasay thaAtWusaptosaiaaly sjfl tooted on three aides frosa fierce winds by the saoaataiai whose raagsd aides amd'lofty iieaks add not a Mttla to the picturesque surranndings of tha plaoa. We now descend agaia to the tower part of the city. Wa pass Liberty Park which almost tempts as to leave the car and spend a few hoars in ita shady nooks. I have not yet aMntiom ed Gaiter's Park, a pleasure ground oa the outskirts of tho city, nor tha tnnujnerable lac residences wa have passed aiaoa leaviag tha hill. Ia soma parts lofty poplars, ia others wide spreading traas adore the streets which axe over a handred ieet wide. Little streams of water flow rapidly threegh tha gutters. Tha telegraph, telephone 'aad electric poles stand in tha middle of the street and as each side is lined with asphalt it really makes a double street for the vehicles. Uncle Sam has a fort adjoining the city aad now nnd then we see our "boys in blue" parade in the streets, and what strikes as the most i the lateUigeat look and gentlemanly buar ing of even tha private soldier. Last bat aot least, we will mention the monument erected near the Tem ple to Brighasn Yoaag. Surmounted by a statue of the father of Mormon ism, Jt has on one side a statue of nn Indian, oa tha opposite side the statue of n piouAer. while the other sides bear iuscripti.m commemorating deeds cf valur Whatever viewe wa may hold in re gard to the doctrines of tha Latter Day Saiats, wa are forced to admire the creative aad administrative power of the late Brigham Young, priest, legislator and dictator of his people. Aad aow - Good bve, fair Queen of the West. Who knows what for Thee may be best? Snint nnd Gentile love nnd honor Thee. Fairer maidens than Thine, mortal shall not see. From storms protected by Nature's walls. May Heaven's angels ever spare Thy destiny. A. S. MODERN SPIRITUALISM. It Date Only Prstaa the WMdle af ' th but Ceatary. Sosae forms of spiritualism have had followers from remote antiquity. In the Levltlcal law we find the injunc tion. Thou shalt not suffer s witch to lire," and throughout Old Testament htetory there are frequent references to this subject, while demons, python eases, sibyls, augurs and soothsayers have their places in the secular annals of mankind. In its modern form spiritualism dates only from the forty-eighth year of the last century, when, at the house of a farmer of Hydesville, in the state of New York, the spirit of a peddler who had been murdered there some five years previously was said to pro duce certain unaccountable trappings and disturbances la the room occupied by little daugbtera of the housed Aa Investigation by the neighbor hood followed, and, to quote the words used by Farrar hi hie pamphlet on the subject," MIt soon became evident that an organised attempt waa being made by the denisens of the spirit world to establish a method of communication with mankind." From that, time spiritualism spread rapidly, and by the year 1S71 the num ber of Its supporters was variously reckoned at from 8,000.000 to 11, 000,000. LIGHT REFLECTION. Wtty Faaas Always Aaw WkJte la Cater. .Wham water la violently agitated amaH baubles of air are mixed ap with it, and thus 'foam is formed, and Its whiteness is due to the fact that when light passes from one medium to an other of a different refractive index It is always reflected, aad this reflection may he ao often repeated aa to render tha mixture impervious to light It Is, then, thai frequency of the re nactloas of the limiting surfaces of ah ..-and -rater that sendera foam aanyinjr. .and, as each particle reflects light in all directions, so much light la reflected that the mixture appears white. To a similar cause to doe the white-' ness of transparent bodies when crush ed to powder. The separate particles .transmit light freely, but the reflec tions at their surfaces are so numerous that the resulting effect to white. Thus' glass when crushed to a white powder and to opaque, but when it to put un der water it once more becomes trans-, parent, because the water fills up the laterstlces between the particles, and the reflections are destroyed. Salt and snow are also common examples of. this condition. GLACIER MOTION. Tkm BteTcaaeat la I4fc That off Pitch Vpaa a Plaae. The motion of glacier baa been actoBtlfically defined aa that of a vis cous mass, partly sliding upon it bed. partly sheering upon Itself under the influence of gravity. In other words, the motion resembles that of pitch poured upon a table, which spreads, not by the expansion of the bottom of the mass, but by the edgea rolling over above the lower stratum, which to dragged by the table surface. It waa argued against this that Ice was a brittle substance, but Principal Forbes waa able to'show that glacier ice differs from others in possessing a distinct granular structure and that the grams, by imparting a certain amount of motion to each other, aa In water, gave the whole plasticity. The rate of motion varies with local conditions, but to sometimes ex tremely alow. Thus tha Theodul glacier ejected, in 1888, from its end two skel etons, with fragments of clothing, and two medals, dated 1582. Other high authorities attribute their amotion to Other natural forces, such aa sad centraenea. - Dr. sntsiis- of Yahttvto, Chile. the bard work of the who carry 160 pomade of ore la tamped te their sneuklers while thsKemmb ua laudredsef feet oa tod- dsea;; often rtostsrtog oaly of notched traaaf. Thsy tail whatoat a recess frem a a. 'mi-to. 4 p. m. aa, Might asasa tq be a saw of aH taw fast they sun get, bat tolarc sufpar prater to tame tho etrula "oaf of their maaeles after a fashion of their owa-vw, dancing vaasaoeatly to the sound of a fiddle for aa hour or two or even longer if their tody Meade happen to muster in force. -Health Culture, Lake Baikal, the "holy sea." to. x- Yfctorta Nyansa la Africa, tas lake la the STAINED GLASS WORK. A Art la Walea Metaaaa Bavs Wat Caaanea Much la Ceatartea. The twentieth century American stained glass maker follows wltbeat Important variation the simple meth ods of the French monk of eight cen turies ago. The first requisite to tho design. The artist makes a small wa ter color sketch to show the general design and color scheme, accompany ing it with detailed studies. From thia two targe .drawings or cartoana are amide, the exact else of the desired window. One cartoon shows where the leads will be placed the thin strips of lead, hollowed pn both aides and looking in n transverse section like the totter H. which form the framework to bind the pieces of glass together. Another drawing gives the size and shape of each piece of glass. .This car toon Is cut Into Its componfut' pieces by n pair (or triplet) of three bladed scis sors, which leave betweon their paral lel blades a space sufficient for the leads. These cut out patterns are put together again on a large glass easel. to which they are attached by wax. and the spaces between are blacked lu to give the effect of the leads. The easel is then placed against a window where the light can stream through it. The artist or his substitute replaces each paper pattern on the easel by a piece of glass of exactly the same size, cut from u sheet, of glass of the color called for by the color sketch. The sketch is not followed exactly; experiment with the actual glass will suggest Improvements. To a greater or less extent this stained jjlass is sup plemented by painted glass, on which the colors are Ured as in china paint ing. When ull the pieces have been cut they are transferred- to the "lead ing" drawing, the flexible leads are twisted into shape and soldered at the joints and a special cement applied to make the whole water tight. The win dow Is now complete, ready to be put In position, where it is made secure by copper wires fustened to the trans verse bars of Iron. ttcokfovers Maga- aine. - KOREAN PROVERBS. man Is good when he Is okL A thing Is good when It to new. He who bath eaten salt drlnketh wa ter. When the tiger to gone, the fox to master. If one to not observing, one sees nothing. Does smoke come out of a flrelesa chimney? The higher the mountain the deeper the valley. One knows the face of a man. but not his interior. One can paint the fur of the tiger, but not bis joints. A family who has no slcknesa for ten years must be rich. Aa soon as the moon to full, It. be gins to grow smaller. . Even the blind man can find his way through an open door. Wen the ox baa broken through the stall, repairs are first made. k Aateajra BUetaate. At a performance of "Julius'&esaV at Hurst college. England, some time ago. Mark Antony made a mistake when the dead body of Caesar was brought In. He apostrophized tha fallen hero with impassioned eloquence, and the audience felt acutely for the poor citizens, who were all presumably horror struck and overcome with grief, when Antony gently but firmly grasp ed, as he thought, the face cloth and slowly, very Blowly. began to draw it back. Just then aa excited whisper came from the other end of the corpse. This end, you fooir Bat Antony was inexorably wrapped In grief. He per severed and disclosed to the Intently gazing audience Julius Caesar's boots. Clever SaaggUag Trick. Smuggling from Geneva into France used to be carried on at a great rate. Alexandre Dumas tells how Beaute, a famous watchmaker of that city re nowned for his skill In smuggling, got the better of the Count de Saint Cricq. King Louis Philippe's director of cus toms, who was traveling as a detec tive. The count bought 30.000 francs' worth of jewelry on condition that It should be delivered free of duty in Paris. .. When he went up to his bed room on arriving at the French capital he found bis purchases on the dressing table. Beaute had bribed the count's valet to stow them away among his. luggage. aval aa the Daetar. Weel, Tarn, are ye gaun hame wl your workV was the Invariable greet ing of a doctor to a tailor of his ac quaintance when he met him carrying a bundle. Once the tailor saw tha doctor walking In a funeral procession. "Weel, doctor, are ye gaun hame wl your work?" he asked. From Remi niscences," by Sir Archibald Geikie. Make) Yaaraelf Felt. Let your education be so broad and thorough that, whether you paint pic tures, write books, sell merchandise, make contracts or cultivate land, you will make yourself felt In your com munity as an all round man of broad ldeaa and general culture. Success. Hett Haas-ry at tke Maaaear. "Did Alkali Ike make that tender foot eat bis words?' "No. The tenderfoot turned out to be one of those fellows who would rather fight than eat." Chicago Jour- Tfcelr Views ot It. He Did yoa see the pleased expres sion on her face when I told her she didn't look any qlder than her daugh ter? She No; I was looking at the expression on her daughter's face Detroit Free Press. Caee la Wartlasea. Ia the civil war there were numerous coffee substitutes. The principal waa potatoes, wiilcb were cut into small cubes and parched. The beverage was declared to be potable. A Texas regi ment used corn, parching the grains till they were a' blackish brown. It was common to make coffee out of rice and other cereals besides corn. Many of the southern troops made a drink of the tender roots of the sassa fras by boiling them In water. Msaj a gallon of sassafras ten bave I drank. and the effect Is gloriously stimulating. A pint of It will enable a fatigued per ten ia labor on indefinitely. The taste ia slellctoasly aroawtlc. New York Fsulssi aa fa. Wmn: All real and enduring beauty must come from within. Notice how angry passions, evil emotions, worry, fear, hatred, envy. Jealousy, malice, even though they be but momentary feel lags, will distort and destroy fer the time being the most perfectly fasbioa ed face. If evil thoughts or deeds bo neratsted la, the traaatoat tweets will Change of Business 5 Not beinjr able to close out our business we have arranger 5 ssa o mtr - ae to make a change, to take place E I Sept. 1st. I Thw necessitates closing out ALL WASH GOODS aud SUMMER STUFF during the next tiO days. 5 We begin at once to slaughter prices. " s 25 cent to 65 cent Dimities, Tissue, etc.. at 10c to 25o 5 10 12 " Uioghams end Percalee, at Scto &j . E 6 " 8 Print?, . at 4Koto fm fj j. 25 Net Corsets. at 12jo , IB to 75 cent Corsets, at 25c to 4!te c 1 SI Crash Skirts, at 50c Etaninc. Volte and Silk Skirts and Jacket all ta bo seW at s once. ' -1 I F. H. LAMB a Co. 1 innHnHllllHHIlaan iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiigniiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiinni-r TOM? ! We are here for business and intend to stay. Give us a trial order, we will use you right. Agents for the Morning Glory Flour Groceries i Wrin SL Sons. Columbus, - Nebraska. Our Phone No. is 37. 11th Street. iiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiuiii MEN WHO LOOK ALIKE. at la Baay a stomas, a Viet las f Mlatakaa Meatltjr. "One of the strongest pieces of evi dence against aa accused man when there to any doubt couuected with the identity, of the criminal is the state ment of any one 'or more witnesses that 'he is the man: I could pick him out of a crowd.' and yet despite the awful weight this often' has In decid ing the result of a trial it is In reality weak and fallacious and would fall to pieces if a good, practical test were made of the witness alleged remarka ble perspicuity," said the man who Is fond of criminal research. "I think it baa been the experience of nearly ev ery man who baa traveled any to meet with numerous people who will take hum for some one else. At toast a doz am times in my career has this occur red. This baa been In bread daylight, on the street or some public place where with clear vision and unham pered thought a man does not know 'if I am myself or some one else. Chang the conditions sunshine -for darkness, an ordinary street scene for one of crime, perhaps murder, with its attend ant excitement and mind disturbance, and say if it be possible for a man who haa caught perhaps one moment's view of the fleeing criminal to go into the witness stand and identify' the man. Suppose we were to advertise for three or four men bearing a close resem blance to the prisoner (and they would not be very bard to find in a city of this size), dress them exactly like the accused and let them mingle and Inter mingle among themselves, and it Is al most a foregone conclusion that the best witness In the court will be so puzzled he cannot tell one from anoth er." New Orleans Times-Democrat LITTLE THINGS. Tha IsaaartaB. Tatey at Times Aa aaaae la Aaalra .C Lite. "The longer I live." observed the cashier of a bank downtown, "the more 1 realize the importance of little things. Here Is a case in point," he continued, referring to a letter be Just bud re ceived. "A few weeks sgo 1 bad two callers In my office, one un excitable elderly map, a big depositor, and the other the president of a manufacturing concern and the writer of this letter. This manufacturer left, aud soon aft erward the excitable man discovered that some one had taken his hat. He stormed about the place until one of the clerks suggested that perhaps the manufacturer bad taken it by mistake. , The excitable man demanded his ad dress and started out to hunt him down and give him 'a piece of his mind.' "The other day I read a letter from the manufacturing concern aud was astonished to see among the names of Its officers that of my excitable caller as vice president. My curiosity was aroused, and I made some inquiries. Now I learn that the excitable man was so pleasantly received when he called for bis bat that his anger cooled at once. Then he got to talking about the manufacturer's business and the money he was making. A few days later be Invested heavily In the con cern and was elected Its vice president And all because of that little mistake about a bat." New York Press. Sew Tear'a la Tibet. Feb. 18 Is New Year's day in Tibet, and for the succeeding three weeks Lassa la the scene of strange proceed ings. Its government passes from the lama to a monk of the Debang monas tery.who bays the right of rule hy auc tion. He to called the taluo and,-receiving tho homage of all. exercises bis authority by imposing heavy fines for hie owa profit His men visit every bouse in Lassa to collect heavy taxes and fines, so that all the poorer people leave the city at the New Year. From the country round priests flock In for numerous religious ceremonies, which culminate In the selection of a human scapegoat for the sins of Lassa. The face of tho victim to painted half black sad half white, and after be baa been beaten by the populate as a aymbpl of the transference to him of tha stem; of the people be to booted aad mobbed oat af Lease, whither ho ajay met rs- K- Hardware. COLUMBUS MARKETS. Wheat, new rS Outs bushel :) Rye tyLushel 45 Hurley :l Hogs V cwt, 1 a)& I Til Fat steers cwt 4 00?$ 4 50 Stock steers ty cwt 2 55& .', 55 Fat cows "ty cwt 2 W(t$ '. l5 Potatoes $J pk 40 Butter t. ir.018 "'- Eggs 3? dozen 124 '. WORLD'S FAIR LOW SATES. . a EVERY DAY The Union 1'acilic will sell Ruiuui Trip tickets to St. Louis and return at following low rates: FIFTEEN DAY TICKETS "- Every day to.Nov. 30, good to return 15 days. 817.10. SIXTY DAY TICKETS .. Every day to Nov. 20, good to return 60 days. $19.00. ,-- . SEASON TICKETS Every day to Nov. 15, tfood up to Dec;. 15. $22.80. Inquire of V. II. liunhum, Auent. - ; - Say Boys ! a. Did you know there was a FIliST.CLASS Tailor Shop over tint Commercial liank? S U ITS A SPECIALTY. A big linu of samples. Prices right. Every thing ritfht. N S. E. Baker, Tilt bona Tree Tailor t : .-..-v.."..-4.-.-.....".:x:-. Yeast Do you want never-failing good bread? Use Yeast Foam; it's sfe yeast. Poor yeast means luully-raised, bailly - balced, dangerous bread. Yeast Foam means the best and most strength ening bread ia the world. Sw Cl,lgfiUjgyja a Cflll permeates every particle, expands and hursts every starch cell, makes a fine, white, bubbling dough, brings out every nutritive value, and makes a loaf that contains more health ful nourishment twice ov er than any baker's loaf you ever saw. The secret is in the yeast For sale by all grocers at 5c a package. Each luck- age contains 7 cakes enough for 40 loaves. Write for " How to make aVead"-rft-. Mni(t9Ba YEAST en lastafa. ? . id 17 1 i r I. asfrsSt" ma tk sa - - - ..... ihg ttsmmsjhlfnj, of nan 0f tht M -J: ti Zf'.ri, ij-i,- - ?.! ilJm I 1 aaaasaaia. ,. "