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NEBRASKA NOTES MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS IN THE COMMONWEALTH. TWELVE YEARS III THE PRISON The Case of Haddix of Custer County Passed Upon by the Supreme Court Other Matters of Interest Here and There Over the State. LINCOLN. W. S. Haddix of Custer county, convicted of the murder of Mel vin Butler, his neighbor, will have to serve twelve years in the state peni tentiary for hi3 crime, as the supreme court, has upheld the lower court The- two' men .resided on farms which were divided by the dividing line between Custer and Sherman counties and frequent altercations re sulted over the establishment of a public highway on the dividing line. September 19, 1905, Haddix took his gun and went out in the road as But ler was coming home. The two men met and both began to shoot, with the result Butler was killed. Haddix was arrested for murder in the first degree and the jury found him guilty of mur der in the second degree and sen tenced him to the penitentiary for twelve years. An appeal was taken to the supreme court on the grounds that the jury panel had been selected by the sheriff before he had been or dered to act by the court and because some members of the jury were op posed to capital punishment. The sheriff had selected sixty talesmen who were in the court room when the case was called. Only two of the reg ular panel were left and the judge ordered a new panel, which the sher iff selected from among the spectators in the room, these being the men noti fied to be present by the sheriff. STATUS OF STATE MILITIA. Senator Burkett Introduces a Bill for the Purpose. WASHINGTON Senator Burkett introduced a bill to establish the status of the Nebraska state militia. In 18G4 the governor of the then territory of Nebraska was requested by the fed era government to organize a regi ment of vounteers to defend the "fron tier," and these volunteers when or ganized served from August, 1864, to January. 1865, protecting the frontiers of Nebraska, Colorado and Kansas against hostile Indims. The Burkett bill provides the military organizations known as Companies A, B, C, and O. and a battery of artillery thereof of the First Nebraska volunteer militia be recognized as a regular volunteer organization of the war of the rebel ion, and the officers and privates there of, including widows and dependent children of such soldiers, be entitled to all the benefits of the pension laws as other regular volunteer organiza tions. OMAHA SUPPLY DEPOT WAITS Secretary Taft Too Busy With Other Matters to Take Up the Question. WASHINGTON. Senator Millard and Congressman Kennedy had an in terview with the secretary of war in relaton to bills now pending to estab lish at Omaha a general supply depot for the quartermaster's department. This Interview had been arranged be fore the San Francisco catastrophe and in consequence Secretary Taft was not in a position to talk of im provements of the army establish ments when thousands needed help in the stricken cities of California. Although the Fecretary was a busy man. so busy that he asked both gen tlemen to accompany him to the White house and thence to the capi tol, he had time enough to say that he would take up the matter just as soon as there was a let-up in the send ing of supplies and taking care of the homeless on the Pacific coast A GIFT FOR YORK COLLEGE. Carnegie Offers to Donate Sum of $10,000. - YORK Andrew Carnegie has prom ised to give York college $10,000 to increase its endowment fund, on con dition that its friends collect $40,000 more in cash and realizable securities for the same purpose. The executive board has accepted the proposition and will strive to meet IL York college is a vigorous and grow ing institution. The location is fine ind the attendance for the present year is 449. It is a school of the United Brethren denomination. HARRISON A suit has been insti-. tuted in the district court of Sioux county against F. B. De Freese. spec ial agent of the United States land Dffice at Alliance, by Samuel Chrisman for the recovery of $1,000 damages al leged to have been sustained by plain tiff by reason of having his homestead recommended for cancellation to the Interior department by De Freese. AUBURN W. H. Lorance of this city, who was a soldier in the Mexican war, has had his pension increased from $12 to $20 per month. Normal Building Accepted. At its meeting held at Peru the State Normal board accepted the new chapel building, but will not turn over the warrant for $6,000 yet due the contractor until he produces receipts showing he has paid all of the work men and for all of the supplies.' GENEVA Edward Terrel has mys teriously disappeared and has not been accounted for as yet He left saying he was going to the mill, and has not been seen since. He had no troubles to worry him. Bankers Union Refused License. The Bankers' Union, an insurance company of Omaha, has been refused a license to do business by Insurance Deputy Pierce.. Inasmuch as any ac tion by Pierce has to be indorsed by Auditor Searle before it becomes ef fective. Pierce refused to state his reasoas for prohibiting the order to do business in Nebraska. . UORFOLK Jeff Hallett was bound ever at Lynch for shooting his neigh bor, Collins, who was shot ia the die. OVER THE STATIC The' Elks have instituted a lodge at York. The lid is on at Nebraska City, and no saloons are allowed to do business on Sunday. Quite a number of farmers living near Beatrice are busily engaged in improving the roads leading to that city by means of a drag. Carpenters and stone masons are In big demand at Sidney. There will be several buildings erected as soon as the necessary workmen can be obtained. About forty merchants, representing most of the towns of northeast Nebras ka, met at Emerson and organized the Northeast Nebraska Retailers' associa tion. At Beatrice arrangements have been nearly completed for the -University Cadet encampment which will in all probability be held here the latter part of May. The Nebraska Creamery company has been organized with a capital stock of $20,000 and articles of incorpora tion have been filed with Secretary of State Galusha. Mike Ward, an old settler north of Seward, was brought before the ex amining board for insanity, and was adjudged insane, and was taken to the asylum at Lincoln. Alumni of the State university have arranged for a celebration at the state farm June 13. Will O. Jones, editor of the State Journal, will deliver the alumni day oration. Thomas Allen, an employe of the Northwestern Railroad company in the supply yards at Fremont had his hip and leg broken by being struck by a heavy timber in the yards. At Adams the residence of Mrs. M. J. Killens was badily burned, the kitchen being destroyed and the wood work and furniture being ruined, en tailing a loss of $500 to $800. Walter Carlson, of near Ragan, was instantly killed by the giving away of a bridge which he was crossing on a traction engine. It was a new iron bridge and just opened for travel. A little excitement was created in Table Rock by the village marshal and a posse of men and boys pursuing a dog manifesting all the symptoms of hydrophobia. The canine was killed. William Scarson, residing east of Aida, found a man along the right-of-way of the Union Pacific railroad four miles east of there, evidently hurt from falling off a train. He died soon after being found. There is excitement at Hooper over the finding of the fully developed body of a newly-born child in an empty yeast foam box west of that town. School children found the body while picking flowers. The effort to perfect the Young Men's Christian association at Wymore was a failure because of differences of opinion as to the method of gov erning the organization. Another trial will be made soon. The Ashland branch of the Great Northern has issued its first time table. A mixed train will make a round trip each day between Ashland and Fre mont, leaving Ashland in the morning and returning shortly after noon. Judge Silas A. Holcomb has formed a partnership with Lester E. Kirkpat rick of Seattle, Wash., for the practice of law and will not return to Lincoln to make his home as long as his health continues to improve in the western city. Six brothers named Farmer, living near Ashland, are probably the largest and heaviest men of one family in the state of Nebraska. The total weight of the six is 1,280 pounds, making the average wieght 213 pounds. The six brothers visited Ashland last week and had their photograph taken. In the case of Frank F. Robes against the state of Nebraska ex reL the Farmers' Grain and Live Stock company, error from Buffalo county, the supreme court affirms the judg ment of the lower court and holds that the Union Pacific Railroad company is obliged to furnish cars to the grain and live stock company. Council Blus (la.) dispatch: In a debate at the Iowa institution repre sentatives of the Nebraska institute for the deaf and dumb defeated their opponents, securing a decision of twe to one. Nebraska had the affirmative of the question: "Resolved, That the railroad system of the United States should be under the absolute control of the national government" The Van Dorn Iron Works company declares that the state of Nebraska has not fulfilled the terms of its con tract, and attorneys for the company, and the state appealed to the supreme court asking that the state be com pelled to pay the balance claimed to be due on the new steel cells in the state penitentiary. Henry T. Clarke is persistent in sav ing lands near Bellevue from being washed away by the Missouri river. Senator Millard received a letter from Mr. Clarke urging an appropria tion of $30,000 or $40,000. the employ ment of a steamboat and a pair of oxen to put in a cable from the shore to the center of the river, and after complete anchorage is secured to so load the cable that the course of the river will be deflected. At a mass meeting called by the mayor to consider the matter of as sisting the earthquake sufferers it was decided that Chadron would send to San Francisco one carload of potatoes or the equivalent in cash. For the last two weeks implement men have been choosing locations for their exhibits at the state fair which will be held September 3 to 7, inclu sive. Many concession seekers have been making inquiries of Secretary Mellor of the state board. Few in quiries of this kind were made last years until about June L The Beatrice Driving association has made arrangements to add two stake races to their summer meeting pro gram with purses at $1,000 in both a trotting and pacing race. Outside capital is beginning to get interested In the prospecting now go ing on in the vicinity of Table Rock for coal, oil and gas, and there is talk of the formation of a stock company to buy machinery, sink shafts and thoroughly test the matter, provided a sufficient number of landowners in that vicinity are willing to make mining leases, to Insure s,50t acres of lama. RUINS OF FAMOUS BBBBBVNfc:!;:l9BslBBBBBHBBBBBBBB BBBBBBBBBBBBBBMb&3bK. -7JnHB8BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBM v40 . BBBBBKaw&slySSiBMHHPiSJBKJ -, ;5 fr-jBJ BlliMhsBi-frra! BSBSsHsS&H BBBBBsKii Gsliss99ii bsMbbBSbsVVbsHHbFA-&BHgHssbsIbsbsbsbsbsbs -x-'.. 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The photograph shows how the stone porticos had completely fallen away, leaving the frame of the tower. The frame of the stairway leading into the tower is clearly seen. Curiously enough, the beautiful figure at the top of the dome was appar ently undisturbed by the sbock. TEXAS SWEPT BY CYCLONE SIXTY PERSONS ESTIMATED yTT.T.T.T IN DISASTER. Entire Town of Bellevue in Ruins Fire Follows and Completes Damage. Ft. Worth, Tex. Thirteen people were killed and a number seriously in jured by the tornado which Thursday night swept over the little town of Bellevue, Tex. The place is practically wrecked. After the storm had razed every business building fire broke out and completed the work of destruction. Only four houses in the place are re ported to have escaped destruction or injury. The tornado covered an rea eight miles wide and destroyed farm houses and crops. The property loss will probably reach $200,000. Reports from Stoneburg say the cot ton gin there was wrecked by the storm and several residences were dam aged. No one Was injured. Among those who are known to have been killed are: R. L. Russell, wife and four chil dren. A. D. Carr, Tom Mount, W. W. Bell, two members of the Gray family- The seriously injured: Two daugh ters of N. E. Smith, of Bowie. Mrs. Ga;L Mr. Gray and seven members of his family, two of whom have since died; Mrs. McGraw. The whole business section of the town and all stocks of merchandise were destroyed. The tornado was a mile wide and traveled over the earth for a distance of eight miles, leveling everything in its, path, ruining crops and destroyed all farmhouses and barns on the way. Last winter many lives were lo3t in the same neighborhood by a tor nado. The inhabitants of the town are not only homeless, but without food or rai ment, and utterly destitute. MINE SWALLOWS A VILLAGE. Over Acre of Ground at Quinaisec, Mich., Disappears, Carrying Away Buildings. Quinnisec, Mich. Over an acre of ground went down with a great roar, carrying a number of buildings with it. It was thought for a time that the en tire town would go. The ground fell 100 feet, and it was found to be a cave in over the workings of an abandoned mine. Considerable damage was done, the city water system being badly crip pled. There is fear that the other parts of the town may fall. The mine work ings extend under a good part of it. Greeks Jealous of Americans. Athens. The continued success of the American athletes in the Olympic games is causing some ill feeling among the Greeks, although on the whole an excellent temper has been displayed by the competitors and spec tators. Thieves Carry Away Safe. Columbus, O. l'he boldness of thieves in Columbus was developed Friday when the police discovered a 1.009-pound safe belonging to Becker & Bros., general store and saloon three blocks from the store. Slosson to Flay Sutton. New York. George F. Slosson. who won the world's championship at 18 neh balk line, two shots In, in the re cent tournament, will accept the chal lenge issued by George B. Sutton, who finished second. Harvard Musical Authority Dead. Cambridge. Mass. Prof. John Knowles Paine, director of the mu sical department of Harvard univer sity since 1S75 and a well-known com poser and authority on music, died suddenly Wednesday of pneumonia. Manhole Explosion Starts Fire. New York- Four persons were se verely injured, a score hurt, two houses set on fire, horses maimed and street ccr passengers thrown in to a panic when 25 manhole covers blew IP near 9th arenas and 51st street. $7fOOO,000 CITY HALL. MAY HAVE KILLED HIS WIFE Harvard Instructor, Fugitive from Justice, Being Sought by Police of Two Cities. Cambridge, Mass., April 28. Prof. Erich Muenter, an instructor in the German department of Harvard uni versity, is a fugitive. He is sought by the Boston and Chi cago police on the charge of murder ing his wife, Leone Krembs Muenter, with arsenic. Until last July she was a teacher in the Chicago public schools. It was four years ago last August they were married. In those years the wife had been a veritable helpmeet, and friends say they had seemed most happily mated. Mrs. Muenter's death probably was caused by the administration of arse nic. Muenter latterly has shown symptoms of dementia, the result of overwork and overstudy. Both he and his wife were strong adherents of the faith cure cult and her attendants at her last illness child birth were faith healers. Before his wife's death, Muenter plainly was overworked. Afterward he wrote several letters which indicated his mind probably was unbalanced. BRIGHT OUTLOOK FOR CROPS Dun's Review of Trade Reports Gen eral Conditions Favorable to Farm Work. New York. R. G. Dun & Co.'s Week ly Review of Trade says: By their magnificent response to the needs of the earthquake sufferers the Ameri can people have not only given fur- , ther evidence of the vast resources of the nation, but displayed qualities of heart and spirit that provide new rea sons for optimism regarding the fu ture. San Francisco will rise from Its ashes greater than ever before and, aside from some forced selling of se curities or temporary pressure in the money market the nation as a whole will receive no setback. Weather con ditions are favorable for retail trade and building operations, while the crop outlook is bright on the whole, although some sections report delay to planting on account of excessive mois ture and there is much complaint re- garding the scarcity of labor. Manu ' facturing plants are working to their full capacity in the leading industries. Woman Doomed to Hang. i Hcckensack, N. J. Death sentence has again been passed upon Mrs. Anna Vulentinu, convicted of the murder of Rosa Salza. This is the third time she has been sentenced. Mrs. Valentina was saved from exe cution on her two previous sentences through the agency of petitions bear ing thousands of names from every part of this country and by efforts of the Italian government, which result ed finally in carrying her case to the supreme court of the United States. This court decided against her. Hazers Are Expelled. Easton, Pa. Because they were ad judged guilty of hazing the freshman class, 11 seniors, one junior and two sophomores of Lafayette college have been indefinitely suspended by the fac ulty and ordered to ieave town. British Ruler Visits Naples. Naples. King Edward and Queen Alexandra arrived nere Friday from Messina, after a stormy voyage. It is feared they will be unable, on account of the weather, to make their proposed ascension of Mount Vesuvius. Polish Election Results. Warsaw. The victory of the na tionalists at the primary elections was complete. The Polish nationalists will lorm an independent party in parlia ment. There were some disturbances during which two men were killed. Missouri Gets Shooting Prize. Guatanamo, Cuba. The Kearsarge and the Missouri of the first battleship squadron of the Atlantic fleet have re turned here from the target range. The Missouri has won the first prize for the best all around shooting. REFUSE 10 MODIFY TERMS OPXEATORS EJECT PBOPOaT TIOKS BY KDmi. Contend. That Wages Are Fair and Quote John Mitchell to Sustain Their Claim. New York. The anthracite mine op erators' subcommittee drew up a reply to the latest proposition of the mine workers for an adjustment of the ex isting difference in the anthracite fields, In which they refuse to modify their position heretofore announced. The operators, after giving figures in detail, say that to accept the sliding scale of wages proposed by the miners would mean an increase in the price of coal to the public of 36 cents a ton. The present profit to the operators, the say, is but 20 cents a ton. "We note what you say with refer ence to the hazards incident to the employment of the contract workers. No one can regret more deeply than ourselves the accidents to which you infer. That matter was fully present ed to .the strike commission and had due weight in fixing the existing wages. "The conditions which have pre vailed under the award of ihe; strike commission have been as satisfactory as could be anticipated, in view of the magnitude of the industry. In one of his addresses last summer your chair man was said to have stated that at no time in the last 30 years have the wage earnings of the miners been as fair as they are now.' In view of all the circumstances we are satisfied that the true course was indicated in our original proposition. This was that existing conditions should be contin ued for a period of three years. "We trust that on Thursday next the deliberate judgment of the anthra cite workers will result in an accept ance of that proposition, but if not that they will join with us in the ar bitration we have offered. "Failing to meet us on either propo sition, the responsibility of a strike must rest upon you." Wilkes-Barre, Pa. The anthracite n'iners will hold a convention at Scanton next Thursday in order to take action upon the reply of the op erators, if any, to two propositions submitted to President Baer and his associates Thursday. President Mitch ell made public two propositions, to gether with a request for another joint conference submitted by the miners' scpie committee to President Baer and his associates. The first proposition ssk. for an increase in wages ranging from 5 to 15 per cent., according to the wages now received. The second prop osition asks for an advance equal to tn cents per ton upon the total pro duction of coal. DOWIE'S HEART IS AFFECTED The First Apostle Said to Be Suffer ing from Myocar ditis. Chicago. John Alexander Dowle is said to be suffering from myocar ditis, or inflammation of the mus cles of the heart, and his condition is considered grave. His attendants de nied that Dowie is in immediate dan ger. A physician, however, who had been summoned from Zion City, admit ted that the "doctor" was an acute sufferer. Dowie's attendants say he is making ready to march on Zion City soon. Dowie is to be visited at the hotel by two federal officers, both over six feet three inches tall and weighing 200 poinds, when an effort will be made to serve a writ. It has reference to the involuntary bankruptcy proceedings started before Judge Landis by Attor ney Michael Gesns and Edward T. Fox, who are acting in behalf of Ransom it. Walker, guardian of the estate of Ethel B. Foley. PLURALITY PRIMARY BILL. Illinois Senate Passes Measure Provid ing for 35 Per Cent, of Vote Cast to Nominate. Springfield, 111. The senate Thurs da passed the Stead primary election bill, amended by the senate primary elections committee, by a vote of 36 tj 1. The bill provides for nomination of congressmen, candidates for the legislature and county candidates by conventions, the candidates receiving a o5 per cent, plurality to be the nomi nees. The others are to go into con vention for delegates to nominate. Gal pin's bill providing lor nomination of city officers by primaries passed by a vote of 27 to 1. Paris Strike Situation. Paris. The strike situation has im proved before the government's mili tary and police preparations to crush disorder, and public uneasiness has been considerably relieved. Alarmist reports, however, continue to circulate concerning what may possibly happen May 1. One report says that Spanish and Swiss anarchists have succeeded in bringing 40 bombs into Paris. Iowa C. E. Records Burn. Marshalltown, la. All books and pr.pers of the Iowa Christian Endeavor union, embracing 1,200 societies, burned Thursday en route from Red Oak to the new secretary in this city. The freight car took fire. Hold Woman to Old Bailey. London. At the Bow street police court Mrs. Violet Aubrey Tewkesbury, latently extradited from Paris charged with assisting her husband to pass worthless checks, was committed for trial at the old Bailey. Fire in Ohio Mine. Sali&eville. O. Three hundred miners were thrown out of work by the complete destruction of the shafts and tipples of the Slope mines of the Ohio and Pennsylvania Coal company here by fire. Shot Dead by Neighbor. Osceola, Mich. While entering a neighbor's house Walter Simmons was mistaken for a burglar and shot and killed by Mike Kinook. The dead man evidently thought he was enter ing his (wn home. URGE PENSIONS FOR SLAVES Confsisrats States Seward Leyal Blacks Whs Followed Masters to War. New Orleans. The total business of the sixteenth annual reunion of the United Confederate Veterans came to a close Thursday afternooa. One day of the reunion proper is left and that will be devoted to the parade of the veterans. Richmond. Va., was selected as the ptace for holding the next reunion, the choice being made by acclamation. The present officers of the organiza tion were reelected by acclamation, there being no nominations made r-gainst any of them. The reunion, viewed from a business standpoint, was very uneventful. The chief new measures of importance to be adopted were one which will recom mend to the different states that pen sions be paid to slaves now living who followed their masters to the war, and onp which declares in favor of the set ting apart of one day in the year by each camp of the organization for me morial services in behalf of the confed eiate dead. New Orleans. Wednesday, in the heart or a city which has borne the brunt of battle and worn the weeds o! mourning Tor its sake, the confederacy of the south was revived again bj those who cherish it for everything that it was intended to be, and who will love it until they die for what it means to them and to the south. The tales of heroism, the sacrifice, the agony and the glory of the great days were told again to those who never weary of the story, and who cheered and wept by turn. No reunion was ever held under fairer auspices and none ever showed greater promise of success. The weather was perfect, the arrangements of the temporary build ing erected for the reunion were unsur passed and the details of the vast work of handling the great throng of visit ors was carried out with precision and care. BURN TO DEATH IN HOTEL Two Men Perish When Building- at Frankenmuth, Mich., Is Destroyed Four Seriously Injured. Frankenmuth, Mich. Two people were burned to death and four oth ers badly injured Wednesday night by a fire which gutted the hotel of Henry Goetz. The dead: Henix Goetz, Sr., father of pro prietor of hotel; L. Hartner, a farm hand. The injured are Anna Snellin?. a dining-room girl, leg broken; Anna Reichle, a dining-room girl, shoulder broken; Mrs. Goetz. wife of proprietor, burned about head; Eugene Williams, burned. The fire broke out at midnight and spread with such rapidity that the people asleep on the second floor could not escape by he stairs. The girl employes threw mattresses from the window and jumped out on them. Miss Snelling and Miss Reichle re ceived their injurien in this way. The two men who perished were suffo cated by smoke. CRAPSEY HEARING NEAR END Ecclesiastical Court Makes Drastic Ruling in Heresy Case, Barring Defendant's Witnesses. Batavia, N. Y. The trial of Rev. Algernon S. Crapsey, of Rochester, be fore an ecclesiastical court of the Prot estant Episcopal church is nearing Its cicse. The prosecution abruptly ended !ts case Thursday. The defense en deavored to present the testimony of a riimber of prominent clergymen as tc whether or not Dr. Crapsey's saying constituted heresy, but the court ruled the testimony out on the ground that no man could qualify as an expert in doctrine and on the further ground that the witnesses were called to ex press opinions on subjects which were before the court for decision. NEGRO PAYS CRIME PENALTY. Burned at Stake While Members of Mob Fill His Body with Rifle Bullets. Dallas, Tex. News of a lynching at Oakwoods has reached this city. T&e dispatches report that a negro was burned at the stake and that as ne writhed amid the flames the members of the mob amused themselves by firing rifle bullets in an effort to cut off an ear or blot out an eye and thus increase the torture be suffered, 'the firing did not cease until the victim sank unconscious in the Mamrs. The negro had broken into the house of a woman who lived alone and fought a desperate battle with her. His crima was discovered and a posse was formed 'quickly to capture him. Name Hobson for Congress. Montgomery. Ala. All returns frent the Democratic primary election in the Sixth district indicate the nom ination of Capt. R. P. Hobson. of Mer rimac fame, over John IL Bankhead. the present congressman. Engineman Is Killed. Harrisburg, Pa. J. F. Good, en gine2r, was killed, and C. II. us Fever, fireman, and J. J- Wallower. brake man, were fatally injured by the ex plosion of a locomotive at Ducklow Tower, Steelton, on the Pennsylvania. Checks Campaign Gifts. Washington. ihe senate committee on privileges and elections by unani mous vote Friday authorized Senator Fcraker to report favorably the Till man bill to prohibit corporations from contributing to campaign funds. Americans Held for Fraud. London. At the Guildhall police court, Franklin Everhart and Harry Samuel Simons, Americans, on charges of conspiracy and obtaining large sums of money by fraud, were committed for trial at old Bailey. European Leaders to Meet. London. King Edward, Emperot Nicholas and Emperor William will meet at Darmstadt, capital of the Grand Duchy of Hesse, during the list week in September, according to the Pall Mall Gazette. CONCERNING THE POPPY. Bavins; Tap Beets, They Da Met Transplanting The Beauty ef Various Varieties. The glorious and gaudy amy of poppies make a brave marshalling un der a midsummer sun. There is no floral sight more brilliant in eolor than a garden of poppies in full bloom. The petals are so thin and delicate no. insect can alight on them, and the transitory nature of the bloom has caused the flower to be used by the poets to point the brief endurance of the joys of the senses. But like joy, they're worth having evea if they don't last long, and no garden is com plete without them. Poppies have tap-roots and seeds must be sowed where the plants are to bloom. And they will bloom any where. Any place which would ordi narily be occupied by woods may be safely given over to popples. Them are many kinds the Shirley, Iceland. Alpine. Oriental. California and they are all good; they are double, single, fringed, tall and short, annual and perennial, and they're all worth while. Shirley poppies are perhaps the fa vorite. They are so daintily, delicate ly beautiful as to merit the term- sometimes applied to them, "fairy flowers." The Iceland poppies are rather more robust; they are classed as perennial, but like hollyhocks, tho seed should be sowed every second year. In this species are to be had the most splendid yellow flowers of tho poppy family if we except the Esch scholtzia, which does not actually De long to the same genus as the com mon poppy. Iceland poppies will bloom the first 'season from seed if started in the hotbed or house; the colons are white, yellow and orange. To my mind the single poppies are far more beautiful than the double varieties, thcugh many admire the. big, peony-flavored kinds, 4-ome ot which have their petals cut and fringed in a fantastic fashion. They are certainly very showy in the gar den, as they stand fully three feet high, and give large, imposing flow ers, often five or six inches across, produced in early summer. The eschscholtzia, or California pop py, loves the sun and stands heat like a little salamander. It, too, should be sown where it is to flower. It blooms freely and keeps it up all summer. All the poppies bloom mora continuously If cut freely. They are not generally much esteemed as cut flowers, but if cut early in the morn ing, just as they are about to unfold they will open and last several days, and new buds will soon replace those cut. The Iceland poppies are most esteemed for this purpose, and will last in favoring conditions for four ot five days. Poppy seed Is very fine and difficult to sow thinly enough in consequence A good plan is to mix the contents of a packet of seed with a teacupful of sand and scatter it on soil that has been raked mellow and fine, then press it in with a board. Sow as soon as the ground is lit. When the seed lings appear thin them so they will stand about a foot apart. If popples are crowded they will throw up a few slender stems bearing few flow ers; given room, they branch freely and produce more flowers and for a longer time. It has been said that poppy seed sowed in August gives richer-colored Cowers than that sowed in the spring Michigan Farm sad Live Stock. FOR THE GARDENER. a Few Words, About the Water Plant Called "Parrot's Feather" and on Planting' of Seeds. If you can get only one cutting of the water plant called "Parrot's Feather," it should have the roots started, but will do very well with out. Put it into a glass of water with about a tablespoonful of soil. At first it may seem to wither, but it will soon freshen up, and tne tiny white roots will appear. Give it plenty of -' light, and when it is about three inches long, pinch out the leaf-bud. and it will fcoon put out branches at each joint. When these are about three inches long, cut off most of them and root them as you did the first, until you have enough to start a hanging basket. The vessel used for the hanging basket must be air tight, though it may be inclosed in any pretty covering one chooses. Fill with water, with a little soil in the L bottom, and plant your rooted slips. They will soon grow long and com pletely cover the sides of the basket, dropping over the sides. The whorls do not get brown unless subjected to more heat than the average living room contains. Late in the spring, if wanted in the yard, or on a veranda, put it in a shallow, cemented pond, or a tub, and with attention to keeping up its water supply, and judiciously clipping ot its long, straggling branch es. It will soon be a large "beauty spot." It can be combined with other aquatics, and Is a very desirable plant, requiring little care. Seedlings. Do not forget that you can raise your own palm plants, canna roots, dahlias, and many of the pot shrubs, by planting the seeds now; the seeds can be had from any first class florist, at small cost compared to the cost of the plants themselves. None of these are hard to raise. They should be planted in window boxes, and cared for as you would any plant ings, and the young plants will grow finely under the same conditions re-' quired by other, commoner plants. Re- member, too, that in order to' have chrysanthemums next fall, you should start the seeds this spring. You will - not regret planting a few of the nardy perennials of various sorts, as once started, you may have them in abun dance for years with but little trouble. The Commoner. Blind Student. One of the most interesting figures in Harvard university is Edward Kay a blind student who halls from a small country town in North Carolina He has mastered the most difficult, courses in higher mathematics, in ge ology, won a degree from the Univer sity of North Carolina, and is now working for the degree of M. A. at Harvard. Here he is taking sosas of the hardest courses In the currlcal Gothic aad Anglo-Saxon. f -r-7 - :r V-- -- . jijsW B3S3SL.