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The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, January 12, 1910, Image 2

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COLUMBUS JOURNAL
TROTHEB Jb 8TOCKWELL, Paha.
COLUMBUS
NEBRASKA
IMPORTANT NEWS
NOTES OF A WEEK
LATEST HAPPENINGS THE WORLD
OVER TOLD IN ITEMIZED
FORM.
EVENTS HERE AND THERE
Condensed Into a Few Lines for the
Perusal of the Busy Ma
Latest Personal Information.
PERSONAL.
Cardinal Satolli, who has been seri
ously ill for several weeks, and had
been delirious at times, passed away
at Rome.
Henry de Sincay, a Belgian noble
man, fn a New York Interview, says
American women are the most beauti
ful in the world, but they do not know
how to dress. He declares they wear
"too much lace and gingerbread."
American men, he says, are money
mad.
President Lowell of Harvard uni
versity has invited Maj. B. M. Harrod
of New Orleans, a confederate veteran,
to deliver the Memorial day address
t the university on May 30.
Edward Moore Robinson of the
banking Arm of Drexel & Co., Phila
delphia, died at his home in Villanova.
Pa., his death occurring Just sine
days after that of his wife.
Oscar G. Murray, president of the
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company,
tendered bis resignation at a special
meeting of the board of directors of
the road held in New York city Dan
iel Wlllard, vice-president of the Chi
cago, Burl'ngton I Quincy railroad,
was elected as his successor.
; Ex-Premier Clemenceau of France
In the coming spring will make a
tour of South America and deliver lec
tures on socialism at Buenos Ayres
and Montevideo. He may also visit
the United States.
' Pittsburg, car building companies
have booked more than 155,000,000 ol
orders for cars during the year 1909,
according to reports made public.
A sensational crisis in the Ballinger
Pinchot controversy was preclpitatec
when a defiant letter from Chief For
ester Pinchot was read in the senate
at the Instance of Senator Dolliver
In this letter Mr. Pinchot admits thai
his assistants aided Glavls in attack
ing Secretary Ballinger, praises then:
as patriots who were trying to pre
vent frauds, champions Glavls as a
vigorous defender of the people! In
terests, virtually reproaches the pres
ident himself for having dismissed
Glavis. and In effect dares the presi
dent to dismiss himself.
One hundred and ninety-three Ital
iaa3, suspected members of the no
torious "Black Hand" secret society,
were arrested at Chicago in a drag-
net put out by the police, following
the murder of Benedetto Cinene, a
wealthy merchant, who was shot tc
death in his bed while his terrified
65-year-old wife struggled with his
three assailants to prevent the crime.
King George's royal family was
routed from the regal palace at Tatoi,
Athens, Greece, when a Christmas
tree, around which the circle was
gathered, caught fire. The blaze
spread with lightning-like rapidity
and the right wing of the palace was
destroyed before the flames could be
checked.
What has come to be known as the
"fair list" of the nations of the world,
that is, those countries which will be
entitled to a continuation of the mini
mum rates of the Payne-Aldrlch tariff
bill, soon will be ofiicially proclaimed
by President Taft,
Mayor Gaynor of New York has
notified every department head under
him that they must indulge in no
newspaper interviews and issue no
statements concerning the business of
their departments except through him.
Another notable New York pulpit is
to be presided over by an English
clergyman. The Fifth Avenue Presby
terian church has just called to its
pastorate Rev. John Henry Jovett of
Carr's Lane Congregational chapel,
Birmingham. He is offered a salary
of 112,000. With this goes a home
valued at $5,000 a year.
Believing that Thomas Reilly, a
state representative, bad hypnotized
him, Frank Cavanaugh, a cigarmaker,
started after Reilly at Joliet with a
revolver. He was arrested after sev
eral windows in the representative's
bouse had been smashed.
John Burns, president of the local
government board and labor leader in
fistic'
COMMERCE LAW
M THE TRUSTS
TREATED OT TAFT
jt
PRESIDENT HANDLES TWO IM
PORTANT TOPICS IN HIS SPE
CIAL MESSAGE TO CONGRE8S.
WANTS NEW COURT CREATED
Tribunal Would Hear Cases Arising
Under the Interstate Law Chief
Executive Also Urges Federal In
corporation Statute to Suppress
Abuses and Not to Destroy Legiti
mate Combinations of Capital.
In a lecture before New York club
women Prof. Charles Zuehlln, former- the house of commons, had a
ly of the University of Chicago, said clash with an unidentified man as he
the west was ahead of the east in was leavinj? a political mcetine in
everything except cleanliness.
D. O. Mills, the famous banker and
philanthropist of New York, died sud
denly at his winter home at Millbrae,
in San Mateo county, about twenty
five miles south of San Francisco.
Death was due to angina pectoris and
was not expected.
London. The minister was about to-
GENERAL NEWS.
The first annual contention of the
National Gasoline Gas association
opened in Des Moines, la.
A telegram was received at .the
state department, through Rear Ad
miral Kimball, stating that President
Madriz of Nicaragua had asked blm to
communicate to this government that
after a personal study of the circum
stances attending the execution of
Groce and Cannon he profoundly la
mented the act; that he was com
pelled to declare It Illegal, and that
the resentment of the government and
people of the United States was just.
Gilford Pinchot, chief forester of the
United States, was discharged from
the service by Secretary Wilson of the
agricultural department. The dismis
sal was at the order of President Taft,
after an all-day session of the cabinet
on the subject of Mr. Pinchot's letter
read in the senate by Senator Dolli
ver. Technically the dismissal is for
violation of an executive order Issued
November 26, 1909, by President Taft
forbidding subordinates in depart
ments to communicate directly with
congress.
Great Britain has intervened in the
Nicaraguan affair. The secret of the
continued presence in Nicaraguan wa
ters of the British cruiser Scylla was
revealed when its commander sent an
ultimatum to the generals command
tag the revolutionary and government
forces of Nicaragua that there must
be no fighting within the town of
Qreytown.
, A sweeping indictment against the
paper box trust, known to the trade
as the Paper Box association, was re
turned at New York by the United
States grand jury. About twenty cor
porations and 140 individuals are cov
ered by the indictment.
A bill in congress by Murphy of
Missouri puts a ban on publication of
divorce details and similar scandals
by newspapers and fixes the penalty
at from three months to two years'
imprisonment
Edmond Thery, the French econo
mist, figures that the wealth of France
increased during 1909 by $1,200,000.-
rrencn iureign investments at
totaled $7,600,-
n0.
Jie end of the year
000.000.
Thirty .dollars per drink for apple
jfder which cost the retailer 20 cents
a gallon is the price an East Orange
(N. J.) policeman has been forced to
pay. He was reprimanded and fined
$120 for taking four drinks.
The writs for the general elections
la Great Britain were issued.
The president lias tossed a fire
brand Into the politics of the far
east This Is borne out by the terms
of a statement given out by Secretary
of State Knox which means that
Japan must abandon her machina
tions against American interests and
Chinese sovereignty In Manchuria.
Phineas Guild, who claimed to be
a cousin of Gov. Curtis Guild of Mas
sachusetts, met a tragic death in his
borne at Los Angeles, Cal. While
struggling with his wife for posses
sion of a revolver, the weapon was
discharged, sending a bullet through
'bis brain.
Physiicans of Michigan. Indiana and
Ohio attended the semi-annual meet
ing of the Northern Tri-State Medical
association in Fort Wayne, Ind.
The best meeting ever held by the
Kansas Improved Stock Breeders as-
a I LJk III vi 4 J
sociation began in Topeka. Gov. .w , una
enter his motor car when the man
sprang upon him from the rear and
threw him to the ground.
According to a bureau of navigation
report fG2 vessels of 82,425 gross tons
were built in the last six months of
1909, compared with 528 vessels of 47,
250 gross tons in the corresponding
period of 1908.
Over 3.000,000.000 revenue stamps
will be required for the cigars, cigar
ettes, strip tobacco and snuff during
the current fiscal year, according to a
deficiency estimate sent to congress
by the treasury department.
Charged with the task of Inquiring
into the traffic in women, with a view
to rigid prosecution or an end to sen
sational slanders against New York
city, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., was
made foreman of the grand jury.
The suit inaugurated by Adrian H.
Jollne and Douglas Robinson, former
receivers for the New York City Rail
way Company, against Thomas F.
Ryan and other directors of that cor
poration to collect $2,979,000, is about
to be called in the United States court
at New York.
Fire threatened the Japanese em
bassy in Washington. The flames
broke out in the stables in the rear as
Baron Uchida and Mme. Ucbida were
returning home from the diplomatic
reception at the White House. The
damage was slighL
J. Plerpont Morgan may unite In
one banking concern, through further
trust company mergers la New York
under consideration, the enormous
sum of $260,000,000 in deposits alone.
This is aproxlraately $75,000,000 more
than the deposits of the National City
bank, and $125,000,000 more than the
resources of the Farmers' Loan and
Trust Company, the largest financial
institution In the United States.
A woman armed with a shotgun
held a mob of 150 drunken, Infuriated
ice cutters at bay near Kenosha, Wis.,
while she cut the rope with which the
men had hanged one of their number
to the rafters of an Icehouse. The
man had already lapsed into uncon
sciousness when his courageous res
cuer routed his would-be executioners.
Leon Delagrange, the noted French
aviator, was killed while making a
flight at Bordeaux. He fell with bis
machine from a height of about sixty
five feet and was crushed under the
weight of the wreckage.
Matthew J. Whittak of Worcester,
Mass., the largest individual carpet
manufacturer tn the United 8tates,
put bis 1.500 employes on a 58-hour
schedule with no reduction In wages.
The mills have been running 58 hours.
Representatives of the Carriers' and
the Switchmen's union, in conference
in Chicago for the last month, have
mutually agreed to submit their dif
ferences to arbitration and abide by
the findings and recommendations of
Chairman Martin Knapp of the inter
state commerce commission and La
bor Commissioner NellL
Two members of the Rockefeller
Bible class have been selected to serve
on the grand jury of which John D.
Rockefeller, Jr., Is the foreman, and
which Is to make a thorough investi
gation of the so-called white slave
traffic In -New York city.
One of the Italian bootblacks at a
New York hotel received a $20 gold
piece as a New Year present from a
guest He announced that he would
quit his job for the rest of the winter.
The Chinese naval commission ar
rived in Berlin to make a study of
German naval affairs. Prince Oscar
met the visitors at the railroad station
and accompanied them to their hotel.
Fireman Guy Cameron, while fatally
scalded on his engine, stuck to his
post at Valley, Cal., and ran down the
track to warn an approaching train
Washington. Jan. 7. Needed legislation
concerning the interstate commerce law
and the control of trusts formed the sub
ject ot President Taft's special message
to congress. The president calls atten
tion to the partial failure of the present
commerce law to get results because of
the frequent appeals from its decisions
to federal courts and the slowness of the
supreme court in deciding' these cases.
The message says:
"It would not be proper to attempt to
deprive any corporation of the right to
the review by a court of any order or de
cree which, if undisturbed would rob It
of a reasonable return upon its invest
ment or would subject it to burdens
which would unjustly discriminate
against it and in favor of other carriers
similarly situated. What la, however, of
supreme importance is that the decision
of such questions shall be as speedy as
the nature of the circumstances will ad
mit, and that a uniformity of decision be
secured so a3 to bring about an effec
tive, systematic and scientific enforce
ment of the comeree law, rather than
conflicting decisions and uncertainty of
final result.
Recommends "Court of Commerce."
"For this purpose I recommend the es
tablishment of a court of the United
States composed of five Judges desig
nated for. such purpose from among the
circuit Judges of the United States, to
be known as the 'United States court
of commerce,' which court shall be
clothed with exclusive original jurisdic
tion over the following classes of cases:
"(1) AH cases for the enforcement, oth
erwise than by ajudication and collec
tion, of a forfeiture or penalty, or by In
fliction of criminal nuuishment. of anv
order of the interstate commerce com-
mit-sion other than for the payment of
money.
"(1'J All cases brought to enjoin, set
aside, annul or suspend anv order or
requirement of the interstate commerce
commission.
"3 AH such cases as under section 3
or the act of February 19. 1903. known
as the 'Elkins act.' are authorized to be
maintained in a circuit court of the Uni
ted States.
"(4) All such mandamus proceedings as
under the provisions of section 'J) or sec
tion 23 of the interstate commerce law
are authorized to be maintained In a cir
cuit court of the United States.
"Reasons precisely analogous to those
which induced the congress to create the
court of customs appeals bv the provi
sions in tlie tariff act of August .", 1&03,
may be urged in support of the creation
of the commerce court.
"In order to provide a sufficient num
ber of judges to enable this court to be
constituted it will be necessary to author
ize the appointment of five additional
rircmt judges, who. for the purposes of
appointment, might be distributed to
mose circuits where there is at the pres
ent time the largest volume of business
sucii as the second, third, fourth, seventh
and eighth circuits. The act should em
power the chief justice at any time when
the business of the court of commerce
dws not require the services of all the
Judges to reassign the judges designated
to that court to the circuits to which
they respectively belong; and it should
also provide for payment to such judges
while fitting by assignment in the court
of commerce of such additional amount
as Is necessary to bring their annual
compensation up to $10,000.
Only Second to Supreme Court.
"The regular sessions of such court
should be held at the capitol. but it
should be empowered to hold hessions in
different parts of the United States If
found desirable; and Its orders and Judg
ments should bo made final, subject only
to review by the supreme court of the
United States, with the provision that
the operation of the decree appealed from
shall not be stayed unless the supreme
court shall so order. The commerce court
should be empowered in Its discretion to
restrain or suspend the operation of an
order of the interstate commerce commis
sion under review pending the final hear
ing and determination of the proceeding,
but no such restraining; order should be
made except upon notice and afetr hear
ing, unless In cases where irreparable
damage would otherwise ensue to the pe
titioner. A Judge of that court might
be empowered to allow a stay of the
commission's order for a period of not
more than CO days, but pending applica
tion to the court of its order or injunc
tion, then only where his order shall con
tain a specific finding based upon evi
dence submitted to tiie judge making the
order and Identified by reference thereto
that such Irreparable damage would re
sult to the petitioner, specifying the na
ture of the damage."
"Under the existing law the Interstate
commerce commission Itself initiates and
defends litigation in the courts for the
enforcement, or in the defense of its or
ders and decrees', and for this purpose It
employs attorneys, who, while subject to
the control of the attorney general, act
upon the Initiative and under the instruc
tions of the commission. This blending
of administrative, legislative and ludi-
cial functions tends, in my opinion, to
Impair the efficiency of the commission
by clothing ft with partisan characteris
tics and robbing it of the Impartial judi
cial attitude it should occupy in pass
ing upon questions submitted to It. In
my opinion all litigation affecting the
government should be under the direct
control of the department of Justice; and
I therefore recommend that all proceed
ings affecting orders and decrees of the
Interstate commerce commission be
brought by or against the United States
eo nomine, and be placed in charge of an
assistant attorney general anting under
the direction of the attorney general."
Would Permit Agreements.
Coming to the subject of railroad pools
and traffic agreements, the president
Bays:
"The Republican platform of 1908 ex
pressed the belief that the interstate
commerre law should be further amend
ed so as to give the railroads the right
to make any public traffic agreements
subject to the approval of the commis
sion, but maintaining always the prin
ciple of competition between naturally
competing fines, and avoiding the com
mon control of such lines by any means
whatsoever.
"in view of the complete control over
rate-making, and other practices of In
terstate carriers established by the acts
of congress, and as recommended In this
communication. I see no reason why
agreements between carriers subject to
the act. specifying the classifications of
freight and the rates, fares and charges
for transportation of passengers and
freight which they may agree to estab
lish, should not be permitted, provided,
copies of such agreements be promptly
filed with the commission, but subject to
all the provisions of the interstate com
merce act, and subject to the right of
any parties to such agreement to cancel
It as to all or any of the agreed rates,
fares, charges, or classifications by 30
days' notice in writing to the other par
ties and to the commission."
Other Amendments Urged.
In accord with other declarations of the
Republican platform of 1908. the president
further recommends that the Interstate
commerce law be amended so as to pro
vide, that no railroad company subject
to the commerce act shall, directly or in
directly, acquire any Interests of any
kind in capital stock, or purchase or
lease any railroad, or any other corpora
tion which competes with it respecting
business to which the interstate com
merce act applies; that a law be enact
ed providing "that no railroad corpora
tion subject to the Interstate commerce
act shall hereafter for any purpose con
nected with or relating to any part of its
business governed by said act. Issue any
capital stock without previous or simul
taneous" payment to it of not less than
the par value of such stock, or any bonds
or other obligations (except notes matur
ing not more than one year from the
date of their issue), without the previ
ous or simultaneous payment to such cor
poration of not less than the par value
or such bonds, or other obligations, or,
if issued at less than their par value.
then not without such payment of the
reasonable market value of such bonds
or obligations as ascertained by the in
terstate commerce commission: and that
no property, service, or other thing than
money, shall be taken in payment to such
carrier corporation, of the par or other
required price of such stock, bond or oth
er obligation, except the fair value of
such property, services or other thing as
certained by the commission,"
Would Prevent Wrong Practices.
The president continues:
"I believe these suggested modifications
In and amendments to the interstate com
merce act would make it a complete and
effective measure for securing reasonable
ness of rates and fairness of practices in
the operation of interstate railroad lines,
without undue preference to any individu
al or class over any others.
"By my direction the attorney general
has drafted a bill to carry out these
recommendations, which will be fur
nished upon request to the appropriate
committee whenever it may be desired.
"In addition to the foregoing amend
ments of the interstate commerce law,
the interstate commerce commission
should be given the power, after a hear
ing, to determine upon the uniform con
struction of these appliances such as sill
steps. ladders, roof hand holds, running
boards and hand brakes on freight cars
engaged In interstate commerce used by
the trainmen in the operation of trains,
the defects and lack of uniformity in
which are apt to produce accidents and
injuries to railway trainmen. The won
derful reforms effected In the number of
switchmen and trainmen injured by coup
ling accidents, due to the enforced in
troduction of safety couplers, is a demon
stration oi wnat can De aone u railroads
are compelled to adopt proper safety appliances.
"The question has arisen in the opera
tions of the interstate commerce employ
ers' liability act. as to whether suit can
be brought against the employer com
pany in any place other than that of its
home office. The right to bring the suit
under this act should be as easy of en
forcement as the right of a private per
son not in the company's employ to sue
on an ordinary claim, and process in each
suit should be sufficiently served if upon
the station agent of the company upon
whom service is authorized is made, to
bond the company in ordinary actions
arising under state laws. Bills for both
the foregoing purposes have been con
sidered by the house of representatives
and have been passed, and are now be
fore the interstate commerce committee
of tiie senate. I earnestly urge that they
be enacted into law."
Control of the Trusts.
The second part of the message is de
voted to tiie control of trusts. After a
lengthy discussion of trusts, good and
bad, and tiie success of pro&eciitions un
der tiie Sherman anti-trust act, Mr. Taft
says:
"It is the duty and purpose of the exec
utive to direct an investigation by the de
partment of justice, through the grand
Jury or otherwise, into the history, organ
ization, and purpoF-s of all the industrial
companies with respect to whicli there is
any reasonable ground for suspicion that
they have been organized for a purpose,
and are conducting business on a plan
which is In violation of the anti-trust
law. The work is a heavy one, but it
Is not beyond the power of the depart
ment of Justice, if sufficient funds are
furnished, to carry on the investigations
and to pay the counsel engaged in the
work. But such an investigation and
possible prosecution of corporations whose
prosperity or destruction affects the com
fort not only of stockholders but millions
of wage earners, employes, and associated
tradesmen must necessarily tend to dis
turb the confidence of the business com
munity, to dry up the now flowing sources
of capital from Its places of hoarding, and
produce a halt in our present prosperity
that will cause suffering and strained cir
cumstances among the Innocent many for
faults of .the guilty few. The question
which I wish In this message to bring
clearly to the consideration and decision
of the congress whether to avoid business
danger something cannot be done by
which these business combinations may
be offered a means, without great finan
cial disturbance, of changing the char
acter,' organization and extent of their
business into one within the lines of the
law under federal control anil supervision,
securing compliance with the anti-truat
statutes.
For Government Control.
"Generally, in the industrial combina
tions called "trusts," the principal busi
ness is the sale of goods in many states
and in foreign markets: in other words,
the Interstate and foreign business far
exceeds the business done in any one
state. This fact will Justify the fed
eral government in granting a federal
charter to such a combination to make
and sell In interstate and foreign com
merce the products of useful manufac
ture under such limitations as will se
cure a compliance with the anti-trust
law. It is possible so to frame a statute
that wlille it offers protection to a fed
eral company against harmful, vexatious
able or can be introduced Into the stat
ute. "In considering violations ot the anti
trust law we ought, of course, not td
forget that that law makes unlawful,
methods of carrying on business which
before Its passage were regarded as evi
dence of business sagacity and success,
and that they were denounced In this set
not because of their intrinsic Immoral
ity, but because of the dangerous re
sults toward which they tended, the con
centration of industrial power in the
hands of the few, leading to oppres
sion and Injustice, In dealing, therefore,
with many of the men who have used
the methods condemned by the statute
for the purpose of maintaining a profit
able business, we may well facilitate a
change by them in ths method of do
ing business, and enable them to bring it
back into the xone or lawiuiness. wiinoui
losing to the country the economy of
management by which, in our domestic
trade the cost of production has been
materially lessened, and in competition
with foreign manufacturers our foreign
trade has been greatly increased.
Asks National Corporation Law.
"I therefore recommend the enactment
by congress of a general law providing
for the formation of corporations to en
gage in trade and commerce among the
states and with foreign nations, protect
ing them from undue interference by the
states. and regulating their activities so
as to prevent the recurrence, under na
tional auspices, of those abuses which
have arisen under state control. Such a
law should provide for the issue of stock
of sucii corporatlonas to an amount equal
only to the cash paid in on the stock;
and if the stock be Issued for property,
then at a fair valuation ascertained un
der approval and supervision of federal
authority after a full and complete dis
closure of all the facts pertaining to the
value or such property and the Interest
therein of the persons to whom it is
proposed to issue stock in payment of
such property. It should subject the real
and personal property only of Buch cor
porations to the same taxation as im
posed by the states within which it may
be situated upon other similar property
located therein, and it should require
such corporations to file full and com
plete reports of their operations with the
department of commerce and labor at
regular intervals. Corporations organized
under this act should be prohibited from
acquiring and holding stock in other cor
porations (except for special reasons upon
approval by the proper federal author
ity, tnus avoiding the creation, under
national auspices, of the holding company
with subordinate corporations in different
states which has been such an effective
agency in the creation of the great trusts
and monopolies.
State Laws Conflict.
"If the prohibition of the anti-trust act
against combinations in restraint of trade
Is to be effectively enforced, it is essen
tial that the national government shall
provide for the creation of national cor
porations to carry on a legitimate busi
ness throughout the United States. The
conflicting laws of the different states of
tiie union with respect to foreign corpora
tions make it difficult, if not impossible,
for one corporation to comply with their
requirements so as to carry on business
in a number of different states.
"To the suggestion that this proposal of
federal incorporation for industrial com
binations is intended to furnish them a
.refuge in which to continue industrial
business under federal protection. It
should be said that the measure contem
plated does not repeal the Sherman anti
trust law and Is not to be framed so as
to permit the doing of the wrongs which
it is the purpose of that law to prevent,
but only to foster a continuance and ad
vance of the highest industrial efficiency
without permitting industrial abuses.
"Such a national incorporation law will
be opposed, first, by those who believe
that trusts should be completely broken
up and their property destroyed. It will
be opposed, second, by those who doubt
the constitutionality of such federal in
corporation and even If it is valid, object
to it as too great federal centralization.
It will be opposed, third, by those who
will Insist that a mere voluntarv Incor
poration like this will not attract to its
assistance the worst of the offenders
against the anti-trust statute and who
will therefore propose instead of it a sys
tri'i of compulsory licenses for all feder
al corporations engaged in interstate
business.
"Let us consider these objections in
their order. The government is now try
ing to dissolve some of these combina
tions and it is not the intention of the
government to desist in the least degree
In its effort to end these combinations
which are to-day monopolizing the com
merce of this country: that where it ap
pears that the acquisition and concen
tration of property go to the extent of
creating a monopoly of substantially and
directly restraining interstate commerce,
it Is not tiie intention of the government
to permit this monopoly to exist under
federal incorporation or to transfer to
the protecting wing of the federal gov
ernmen of a state corporation now vio
lating the Sherman act. But it Is not.
and should not be. the policy of the gov
ernment to prevent reasonable concen
tration of capital which Is necessary to
the economic development of manufac
ture, trade and commerce. . . .
IRKING FOR PEACE
DISPOSITION IN CONGRESS TO
PACIFY INSURGENTS.
PINCHOT HAS MNY FRIENDS
The General Question of Party Har
mony Uppermost in the Minds of
Prominent Representatives.
and unnecessary invasion by the states, i courses before them
May Doubt Constitutionality.
"Second There are those who doubt the
constitutionality of such federal Incorpor
ation. The regulation of interstate and
foreign commerce is certainly conferred
in the fullest measure upon congress, and
if for the purpose of securing In the most
thorough manner that kind of regulation,
congress shall insist that it may provide
and authorize agencies to carry on that
commerce, it would seem to be "within its
power, this has been distinctly affirmed
with respect to railroad companies doing
an interstate business and interstate
bridges. The power of incorporation has
been exercised by congress and upheld
by the supreme court In this regard.
Why. then, with respect to any other
Town of interstate commerce like the sale
of goods across state boundaries and into
foreign countries, may the same power
not be asserted? Indeed, it is the very
fact that they carry on interstate com
merce that makes these great industrial
concerns subject to federal prosecution
and control. How far as incidental to
the carrying on of that commerce it may
be within the power of the federal gov
ernment to authorize the manufacturer of
goods, is perhaps more open to discus
sion, though a recent decision of the su
preme court would seem to answer that
question in the affirmative.
"The third objection, that the worst of-
ienuers will not accept federal incorpora
tion, is easily answered. The decrees of
injunction recently adopted In prosecu
tions under the anti-trust law are so
thorough and sweeping that the corpora
tions affected by them have but thre
Washington. The present week
probably will decide whether there
will be a prolong conflict involving
the president of the United States
within the rank of republican party
in congress. Conditions have been
tending in that direction for some
time, but instead of adding to the im
pulse the dismissal of Mr. Pinchot
apparently has had the effect of caus
ing a halt. It has prompted senators
and members to consider the pos
sibilities of a continuation of the con
troversy, and present indications are
of a more pacific tendency than were
those of a week ago.
There is no denying the fact, how
ever, that in some respect the situation
remains critical. Mr. Pinchot has a
large number of personal friends and
admirers in both houses of congress,
who would be inclined to take up his
cause if favorable opportunity should
present itself and if they could do so
without endangering the peace of the
party and their own political welfare.
On the otaer hand, many are say
ing that the personal fortunes of
Messrs Ballinger and Pinchot are of
litle importance compared to the great
question of the preservation of party
harmony, and those who take this
view are urging the necessity of pre
venting any sharp conflict in congress
on the lines of difference between the
secretary of the interior and the for
mer chief of the forest service. "Wheth
er the conservative counsel of this ele
ment shall prevail will depend upon
the course of events in congress dur
ing the next few days.
There is no doubt that the investi
gation of the interior department and
of the forest service will proceed
along the lines indicated by the Jones
Humphrey resolution; but it will be
competent for the investigating com
mittee either to broaden or narrow J
the inquiry.
The question will receive its next aa
tcntion on the floor of the senate. The
present situation is this: The house
has adopted the resolution providing
for the appointment of its members
of the committee by the house itself,
rather than by the speaker, as was
originally provided. Without await
ing the official notification as to the
action of the house, the senate com
mittee on public lands has decided to
present the resolution in such a
form as to authorize the selection of
the house members by the speaker.
Unquestionably this motion was taken
with the intention of romplimenting
the speaker and it will be reported
to the senate.
Speaker Cannon, it is said, feels
that it would be impolitic for him to
take advantage of this condition and
override the expressed order of a
majority of the bouse, and it is prob
able, therefore, that the senate will
take such action as will steer clear
of a controversy with the house. It
is now said that the speaker himself
would prefer that the house should
select the committee.
DOCTORS FAILED.
RESTORED BY PERUNA.
Catarrh of the Lungs
Threatened Her Life.
Miss Ninette Porter, Braintree, Ver
mont, writes: "I hare been cored by
Perana.
"I bad sereral hemorrhages of the
longs. The doctors did not help me
Bach and would never have cured me.
I saw a testimonial in a Peruna
almanac of a case similar to mine, and
I commenced using it.
"I was not able to wait on myself
when I begam using it. I gained very
slowly at first, but I could see that it
was helping me.
'After I had taken it a while I com
menced to raise up a stringy, sticky
substance from my lungs. This grew
less and less in quantity as I continued
the treatment.
l grew more fleshy than I h3d been
for a long time, and now I call myseli
well."
" NERVE.
lrgJ
Fuzzy Frank Lady, kin I have a
drink o water?
Lady Certainly; there's the tun
bler and there's the pump.
Fuzzy Frank (insinuatingly) An
now if you will please work de handle
for a few minutes?
A BURNING ERUPTION FROM
HEAD TO FEET
"Four years ago I suffered severely
with a terrible eczema, being a mas?
of sores from head to feet and for six
weeks confined to my bed. During
that time I suffered continual tor
ture from itching and burning. After
being given up by my doctor I was ad
vised to try Cuticura Remedies. After
the first bath with Cuticura Soap and
application of Cuticura Ointment I en
joyed the first good sleep ddring my
entire illness. I also used Cuticura
Resolvent and the treatment was con
tinued for about three weeks. At the
end of that time I was able to be
about the house, entirely cured, and
have felt no ill effects since. I would
advise any person suffering from any
form of skin trouble to try the Cuti
cura Remedies as I know what they
did for me. Mrs. Edward Nenning.
1112 Salina St. Watertown, N. Y.,
Apr. 11, 1909."
INDIAN OFFICERS SUSPENDED.
it shall subject It to reasonable taxation
and control by the states, with respect to
Its purely local business.
"Many people conducting great busi
nesses have cherished a hope and a be
lief that In some way or other a line
may be drawn between 'good trusts' and
'bad trusts." and that it is possible by
amendment to the anti-trust law to make
a distinction under whicli good combina
tions may be permitted to organize, sup
press competition, control prices, and do
it all legally If only they do not abuse
the power by taking too great profit out
of the business They point with force to
certain notorious trusts as having grown
Into power through criminal methods by
the use of illegal rebates and plain chetit'
ing. and by various acts utterly violative
of business honesty or morality, and urge
the establishment of some legal line of
separation by whicli 'criminal trusts' of
this kind can be punished, and they, on
the other hand, be permitted under the
law to carry on their business. Now.
the publle. and especially the business
public, ought to rid themselves of the
idea that such a distinction Is practic-
'M ' wmxwwMy x
MmW4MMWWM,MVWWWWWMMMAAfW0WM0VM
VARIOUS KINDS OF COURAGE the bunters to climb up the tree or
into the den and pull him out. Of
Mrst. they must resolve themselves
into their component parts In the differ
ent states, with a consequent loss to
themseles of capital and effective organ
ization and to the country of concen
trated energy and enterprise: or second,
in defiance of the law and under some
secret trust they must attempt to con
tinue their business in violation of the
federal statute, and thus Incur the pen
alties of contempt and bring on an In
evitable criminal prosecution of the indi
viduals named In the decree and their as
sociate?: or
"Third, they must reorganize and ac
cept ii good fuilii the federal charter I
suggest a federal compulsory license law
urged as a substitute for a federal Incor
poration law. is unnecessarv except to
reach that kind of corporatio'n which, by
virtue of the considerations already ad
vanced, will take advantage voluntarily
of an incorporation law. while the other
state torporations doing an Interstate
business do not need the supervision or
the regulation of federal license and
would only be unnecessarily Surdened
thereby;"
----------------------- 1-, ii infuu'juuuuLw
Secretary Ballinger Bounces Four as
the Result of Inquiry.
Washington Secretary Ballinger of
the Interior department suspended
from office Superintendent John D.
Benedict of the five civilized tribes
of Oklahoma and three supervisors as
the result of an investigation which
has disclosed "a disgraceful condi
tion" affecting the material and moral
welfare of the schools.
As a result of the investigation
which the interior department has
been carrying on for some time, and
which will be continued, other officials
of the Indian service may suffer a like
fate to that of Superintendent Bene
dict and the three supervisors sus
pended already.
Father's Method.
During a recent slight illness th
five-year-old Teddy, usually so amiable,
flatly and obstinately refused to take
his medicine. After a somewhat pro
longed and ineffectual argument with
him, his mother at last set the glass
of medicine down. leaned her head on
her hands and "played" that she was
crying.
A moment passed, and the tender
hearted Teddy, unable longer to bear
the sight of his mother's stricken atti
tude, inquired. "What's the matter.
mother, dear?"
Without removing her hands from
her eyes, she replied: "I'm grieved
that my son won't take his castor o;l
for me.
Whereupon Teddy sat up in bed and
offered consolingly: "Ob, I wouldn't
feel badly if I were you, mother, dear
Father will be home soon and he'll
make me take if The Delineator.
Individuality Among Lower Animals
as Marked as It Is Among
Human Beings.
Stubbs welcoming the members.
. v
entlng a wreck.
was blocked, thus pre- I
ilr 1
up a fight,
"Now, a coon. Is one of the nastiest
customers for a pack of dogs to han-
"1 believe that there are as many die that you can readilv find. He is
different kinds of courage among anl- game to the core, and many a valu-
mals as among men." said John able coon dog has passed away as a
Trainor of Richmond. Va. result of one of these encounters.
"There are men who can wade Into First of all, when he finds the dogs on
a crowd of husky opponents, and. as his trail he will try to escape. But
long as fists are the weapons, fight when he Is cornered there is bound to
to the last gasp. Some of these same be some trouble for a dog or two of
men may dodge around the corner the pack,
as soon as a revolver shows up. On "The peculiar feature, though. Is
me otner band, a gun fighter, de- that a possum can whip a coon with-
prived of his weapon, may get out of out half trying. The coon is afraid of
the way speedily before the fists of the possum and gives him a wide
an angry enemy. berth. They tell stories down there
"There Is Just about the same sort In the mountains to the effect that a
of difference between the courage dis- coon, worsted In a fight with a pos-
played by a possum and a coon. I've sum, has fought off a pack of dogs,
Just come back from a little hunting and that this same pack ha3 then
trip in the mountains of Virginia, and treed the possum, who allowed hlm-
I heard more than one story which self to be captured without a struggle,
proved this assertion. When a pos- A possum has coon courage, but no
sum Is treed or 'denned he never pre- 'dog courage.' I don't pretend to un-
"onds to show fight. He Just hugs derstand the reason for these traits.
'" H'ub ar.il calmly waits for one of but I am sure of the facts."
Mutations of Plants.
ft tine Trioon Tmfnut rhi !. B.M
hSWiIlbJtewl8nt8e,Zf theory Put to Vries of
tblUi S6 Deck but he DeVer putS Amsterdam, according to which new
species of plants come into existence
not by a long process of natural se
lection, as Darwin supposed, but
through sudden mutations, the cause
Taft at Methodist Church.
Washington. President Taft on
Sunday attended the Charles Nelson
Crittenden memorial services at
Foundry Methodist Episcopal church,
where an address was made by Dr.
John Wesley Hill of New York. Dr.
Hill is an intimate friend of Mr. Taft
and accompanied him on his famous
western speaking tour during the cam
paign of 1908.
The Selfish Hunter.
James R. Keene, apropos of tb
Jumping contests at the New York
horse show, talked about fox hunting
"Hunting," he said, "develops ..
race of very savage, selfish men
There was, for instance. Jones.
"Jones, on a bitter cold day, was
riding hard at a brook, when he per
ceived the head of his dearest friend
sticking dismally out of the icy water
Did Jones go to his friend's assist
ance? Not a bit of it.
"'Duck, you fool!' he shouted, and
Jumped over him." St. Louis Globs-Democrat.
Just the Place.
"Save me, save me!" shouted a man
dashing into the first open doorway.
They're coming to kill me!"
"H-m-m-m!" calmly remarked the
proprietor. "You've picked out a goo
place fer 'em to do it. This Is an tin
dertakin' establishment."
Will Try for the Pole.
Berlin. Lieutenant Ernest H. Shac
kleton announces that he has decided
upon another Antarctic expedition.
Sbackleton has succeeded in getting
nearer to the South pole than any
other explorer.
Real Art.
"Smith's a born liar "
"Jones has him skinned. He learned
his lying at college, and scorns the
crude, natural methods." Exchange.
of which remains unknown, applies
equally well to new species of ani
mals. The gfant dinosaurus, for instance,
whose remains, as found in our west
ern "bad lands," excite so much
amazement, appear by paleontological
evidence to have sprung suddenly into
being and as suddenly to have disap
peared. All the other animal types also
seem to have been well characterized
when they first made their appear
ance. The theory of the origin of species
by mutation, when applied either to
the plant or the animal kingdom,
does away with the demand made by
the natural selection theory for. inor
dinately long periods of time, during
which existing races were brought
I gradually to their present condition
Balfour Has Opposition.
London. A. J. Balfour, the leader
of the opposition in the House of
Commons, after all will not enter the
new Parliament without a contest.
At- the last moment the liberals have
nominated Sir Hugh Bell to oppose
him for bis seat for the city of Lon
don. Sir Hugh Bell has no chance of
election, but the liberal party consi
dered that it might adversely influ
ence their prospects if both Mr. Bal
four and Mr. Chamberlain were re
turned unopposed. Parliament will
be formally dissolved on Monday.
Statement from Insurgents.
Washington. Those who are op
posed to the republican doctrine and
policies as interpreted by the present
administration can expect no support
from the regular wing of the repub
lican party. Such a warning to the
insurgents was sent out to the coun
try in a statement by the republican
congressional campaign committee.
The statement is issued, it was ex
plained, to meet the allegation that
the committee is attempting to pre
vent the renomlnation of those in-
1 i-urgents who are antagonistic. j
A WOMAN DOCTOR
Was Quick to See that Coffee was
Doing the Mischief.
A lady tells of a bad case of coffe
poisoning and tells it in a way so sim
ple and straightforward that literary
skill could not improve it.
"I had neuralgic headaches for 12
years," she says, "and suffered untold
agony. When I first began to have
them I weighed 140 pounds, but they
brought me down to -310. I went
to many doctors and they gave me
only temporary relief. So 1 suffered
on, till one day a woman doctor told
me to use Postum. She said Hooked
like I was coffee polryned.
"So I began to drink Poetum and 1
gaiaed IS pounds In the first few
weeks and continued to gain, but no:
so fast as at first. My headaches be
gan to leave me after I had used
Postum about two weeks long
enough to get the coffee poison out of
my system.
"Since I began to use Foetum I can
gladly say that I never know what ;
neuralgic headache is like any more
and It was nothing but Postum that
made me well. Before I used Postum
I never went out alone; I would get
bewildered and would not know which
way to turn. Now I go alone and my
head is as clear as a bell. My brain
and nerves are stronger than they
have been for years."
Read the little book. "The Road to
Hrellville,"ln pkgs. "There's a Reason."
ETer read the abo-ir letter? A new
r.ae appears Croat time to time. The
ire cenuloe, true, aad fall of buniaa
iaterest.
;
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V MO.'
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