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' - i. H. 'it I! i n (tiolumbus BVLTtVXl. Colambu. Nebr. CoMoUdeted with the Colombo Times April 1. WW; with th Ktte Coantjr Argu January 1.1808. Catered at tk PoetoaM.Colambcj.Kebr..u i oFnraaoBxraoB: Oaerear.hr mil, pcataae prepaid ..ftXM WEDMZ8DAT. JANUABY 19. 1S10. TBOTHEB & STOCKWELL. Proprietor. UUTEWAIA-Tba data opposite jroox nase on I oar pa par, or wrapper ahowa to what tima you eakecriptiea la paid. Thoa Jaa ahowa that liaiaiaat Lae baas raoafod op to Jan. 1, 1KB. Fak to Feb. 1, 1MB and so on. Whan pajment la aMda,Cb data, which answers aa a receipt, ami ba eaaaajad aoeordiaclr. DldOOHTINUASiCEg-Itesponaible enbserlb ers will eoatiaa to meeie thia journal until the pabUanaraere aotlaed by latter to discontinue, wbea all anaamaa mast be paid. If you do not wlah the Journal oontinaed for another year af. torts tiaaa paid for baa expired, yoo ahoold prarloaaly tlf y aa to dlaoontjaoe it CHANGE IS ADDBE8&-When ordering a anaa In the addrwe.eBbecribwa ahoold be sars lorln thalr old aa well aa their new addreaa. THE FUTURE. Our future ia made by purpose and by chance. Daily we pass into an un discovered country. Daily we try in vain to guess what undiscovered coun try holds; what of allurement, what of dread. It is only in fable that men or witches look into the seeds of time, and say which grain will grow; or read the book of fate, and see the continent melt into the sea. Shakespeare never weari ed oi the subject the fascination of the unknown, and how unknown, in deed, it is. So much does the unex pected weigh, that a wise man can see in definite prophecy but little fur ther than a fool. The advantage of wisdom is not in forecast, but living wisely now prepares for living wisely to the end. We can not penetrate the unseen, but we can greet it with a cheer. Better than that, we can wel come it with readiness and understand ing. There is enough, at least for in spiration, in the saying of old Sam Johnson, that the future is purchased by the present It is true sufficiently to make effort, hope and faith the bet ter course. We know the world, with all its woe, grows happier; with all its ignorance, more enlightened; with its error, more virtuous and just; and in this painful, slow, and steady progress we know that each of us can help. One contributes policy, invention, knowledge; another, barred these great factors, can bring at least fortitude, joy, abnegnation. To none is denied "that best ortion of a a good man's life; his little, nameless, unremembered acts of kindness and of love. Col lier's. NO MAN DID ALL THIS. Is Christianity an inspired faith or not? Shakesfteare and Plato tower above the intellectual level of their times like the peaks of Tencrifle and Mont Blanc. We look at them and it seems impossible to measure the interval that separates them from the intellectual development around them. But if this Jewish boy, in that area of the world, in Palestine, with the Gan ges on one side of him and the Olym pus of Athens on the other, ever pro duced a religion with these four ele ments, he towers so far above Shakes peare and Plato that the difference between Shakespeare and Plato and their times in the comparison becomes an imperceptible wrinkle on the sur- uce of the earth. I think a greater credulity to be lieve that there ever was a man so much superior to Athens and to Eng land as this Jewish youth was, if he was a mere man, than it is to believe that in the fullness of time a higher wisdom than was ever vouchsafed to a human being undertook to tell the human race the secret by which it could lift itself to a higher plane of moral and intellectual existence. I have weighed Christianity as the great vital and elemental force which underlies Europe, to which we are indebted for European civilization. I have endeavored to measure its strength, to estimate its permanence, to analyze its elements; and if they ever came from the unassisted brain of one uneducated Jew, while Shakes peare is admirable, and Plato is admi rable, and Gothe is admirable, this Jewish boy takes a higher level. He is marvellous, wonderful; he is in himself a miracle. The miracles he wrought are nothing to the miracle he was if at that era and in that condition of the world he invented Christianity. Whately says, "To disbelieve is to be lieve." I cannot be so credulous as to believe that any mere man invented Christianity. Until you show me some loving heart that has felt more profoundly, some strong brain that even with the aid of his example, has thought further, and added something important to religion, I must still use my common sense and say, no man did all this. I know Buddha's protest aad what he is said to have tried to do. To all that my answer is, India pact and present Wendell Phillips. WHY IS THE NORTH POLE? There are people who question the utility of the discovery of the North Pole. Of what use to Society (they ask) is such a feat? What possible benefit can come from standing on the "top o' the world," save the inspiring example of persistence it affords, and the race-old thrill that comes when a fellow being wins a terrible battle with the elements? One naturally de plores such unappreciative and ungen erous cynicism. But we have only recently discovered an answer which should silence these carping detrac tions from the well earned praise of heroic achievement. We have just received the Christ mas number of Hampton's Magazine, and have been looking over the adver tisements. Now 'we begin to appre ciate something of the great commer cial value of the polar discovery. It lies in the tested and demonstrated perfection of American products, whose superiority was discovered by Peary at the North Pole. Here, for instance, is an "ad" testi fying to the nourishing quality of the shredded wheat biscuit, which stood between Peary and death in the fro zen north. On another advertising page we are told that Peary carried a Waltham watch, which leaves the reader to infer that all who expect to journey to the Pole will adopt this eqipment. Then there is the "ad" of the Nor folk and New Brunswick Hosiery Company, whose underwear played an important part in Peary's success. On still another page we find that Peary used throughout the expedition Dupont (gun; powder. There is an "ad" of the Rubberset Company, whose shaving brush was found peculiarly satisfactory in apply ing lather by the rayB of the midnight sun. On another page it is suggested that the expedition might have been a dis mal failure had it not been for the comfort and solace found only in a brand of tobacco to be had of the U. S. Tobacco Company. Of course, it was to be expected that Pear carried to the Pole a Win chester rifle and cartridges. Only when we realize how import ant on these polar expeditions are the records of the explorer, can we appre ciate the reliable efficiency of the Kohinoor pencil, with which Peary's records were inscribed. And how much more convincing are these records when supplemented by photographs taken with an East man Kodak! We turn over a page and another Peary "ad" confronts us. It gratifies us, as Americans, to know that Peary was enabled to arrive at the Pole pre senting a respectable appearance, as becomes an American gentleman, for we are informed, he carried a Carbon Magnetic razor made by the Griffin Cutlery works, presumably "adjusted to temperature and position." On reading another Peary "ad" we are resolved that we will not under take to go anywhere near the North Pole without an equipment of Ameri can Thermos Bottles. And there is Nelson's loose-leaf encyclopedia, of which we hadn't heard before, but of its superiority we are now convinced because Peary used and liked a loose-leaf atlas. We think that the circumstantial detail with which Peary's endorse ment of "Wear-Ever" aluminum cook ing utensils should render it the most convincing to those contemplating polar travels. The explorer writes, "Before going on my recent trip I in vestigated the merits of aluminum cooking utensils and found that those bearing the 'Wear Ever' trade mark were made of pure sheet aluminum of sufficient thickness to make them durable and dependable; and it may interest you to know that the 'Wear Ever' cooking utensils went to the Pole with me." For the convenience of would-be explorers, another "ad" states that Commander Peary was able to find everything he needed for his trip at Macy's Department Store. We were wondering if Peary had overlooked anything when we ran across another "ad" with the testimo nial of Captain Bartlett of Peary's vessel which tells how successfully the expedition was disinfected and deo dorized by the use of Shering's For malin. Our only regret is that, due to the premature departure of Commander Peary, the inadequacy of the postal service at the North Pole, and a few other circumstances beyond our con trol, we are unable to advertise that Commander Peary, upon his arrival at the Pole was cheered and comforted and encouraged for his return home by reading a copy of La Follette's. La Follette's Magazine. His Delusion. Howell I had the nightmare last night Powell That so? Howell Yes; I thought that I was being kicked by the foot of the bed. New York Press. THE THIRTY YEARS' SIOHX WAR BY J. H. Bancroft, Neb., Jan. 4 To the Edi tor of The State Journal: Eastern publishers are just beginning to find out that there is a great empire west of the Missouri river, teeming with energetic, high spirited and intelligent millions, and for the first time are giving to the public books in which are gathered the material from which history will be written. The old nov el, generally writen in a dialect which no one who has lived on these plains for the last fifty years ever heard spoken, and filled with tales of out laws, scalp hunting Indians, drunken cowboys "shooting up" the towns, is all that we have had up to the present time. Now matter of value is being printed matter that is much more in teresting reading than the wild and impossible trash that has so long filled the booksellers' shelves. . The State Journal is doing some valuable work along that line. The articles of A. E. Sheldon, if printed in book form, would make a source book, to which the writters of the future would con stantly turn. As literature, they rank with the best writings of the present period, and there is far more enjoy ment for any sane mind in reading them than reading any of the works, either of fiction or history, which east ern writers have produced. "The Conquest of the Missouri," a volume recently issued, it being practically the memoirs of Captain Marsh, the greatest of the old Missouri river pi lots and captains who navigated the upper Missouri and the Yellowstone, is a work of the same character as that of Sheldon. The truth about Indians, the cause of the wars between them and the whites, the true character of their chiefs, is for the first time being put into printed form, and among the men who are doing this honest and accu rate historical work, Doane Robinson of South Dakota, is among the fore most. Some of us who have known the facts have often wondered wheth er what is called history, would in the future be a mass of falsehoods, as it has been in the past, or whether the truth would be finally recorded and accepted. Some of the great magazi nes are taking up this work aud there are now running in Putnam's a series of articles on the Missouri river by John G. Neihardt. It will be noticed that all this valuable and accurate work is being done by western men men who write in the purest English and with indescribable charm which can be defined only with the words "good literature." But the eastern publishers are yet profoundly ignorant of this great west. One of them writing recently to a Ne braska author concerning some work along these lines stated as an accepted fact that Long's explorations and the old Oregon trail were one and the same thing. It is very fortunate that this valu able work is being done while there are some men still living who made this history and who can, if they will, correct any inaccuracies that may be made, for however careful and honest a writer may be, or however pains taking he may be, in gathering his materials, errors will occur. Doane Robinson makes one of these errors when he says that Gen. George Crook .had no idea of the number of hostile Indians he would face when he started out on that campaign against Crazy Snake, and which ended in the de structure of Custer and his command. It fell to my lot to have a close per sonal companionship with General Crook for several years. As thesaying is "we just took to one another,"' per haps on account of the fact that the general and I were the only white men ever initiated into the "soldier lodge," that is, as far as we could learn. Both of us had met white men who claimed to be members of the soldier lodge, but they could never give us one of the signs. The years that General Crook spent in I Omaha were years when we met almost every day, sometimes at the old Herald edi torial room, sometimes at Collins' har ness shop and sometimes sat at my own home or at his quarters, and we have often gone over together all of his Indian campaigns. He was the only general officer of the United States army, who really knew Indians. There were several subordinate officer who were well informed, such as Captain Rourke and Capt. W. P. Clark of the Second cavalry, but none of the com manding officers, and among them Custer, knew less on that subject than any of the others. Just after that campaign it was gen erally asserted that the commanding officers were greatly to blame for not having ascertained the number ef In dians on the war path before starting on the campaign and more blame was placed upon Crook than any of the others, for he had long been in the In TIBBLES. dian country, and should have known. We often talked of that matter and Crook repeatedly asserted that in his official reports he had informed his superiors of the number of hostile In dians in his front, but they would not believe him. They preferred to form their conclusions from the reports of the Indian agents located at the var ious agencies. Most of the Indians were at the agencies during the pre vious winter and they drew as many rations and as much supplies as they possibly could in preparation for the coming campaign. The Indian agents were always the bitter enemies of Crook and for very good reasons, for whereever he was, he saw to it that the supplies sent to the agencies were delivered to the Indians. It was during the time that this question of the ignorance of the gener al officers concerning the number of warriors the army would have to meet was before the public that one evening General Crook came to the Herald editorial room bringing some letters with him which he had written to his wife just before or about the time he started out on the old Bozeman trail. I distinctly remember the contents of one of those letters. In it he told his wife that he was going out to meet an overwhelming number of hostile In dians, that the department would pay no attention to his reports, but for her to not be over anxious, for knowing what was before him he should so handle his troops that he could always defend himself. He would not spread them out or divide his force at any time, and no matter how fierce a fight he got into, he would keep his eyes on some defensive position where he could quickly concentrate his whole force. Then he added you need not worry for Indians will not assault a de fensive position. That is not accord ing to their tactics. Then if the In dians continued to surround such a position in overwhelming numbers and cut oft supplies, he would cut his way out and make a rapid retreat. To that end he had issued orders stripping of ficers and men of every article not ab solutely necessary and they would al ways be in light marching order. Now of course that is written from memory, but I am certain that it con tains the substance of the letter that Crook had with him. In that order Crook had enumerated just the articles that officers and men should take, and there was much feeling among his sub ordinates because he had one officer courtmartialed for disobedience of or ders in that he carried with him in his inside coat pocket a small note book. Crook was the only general in the field who had means of getting accur ate information. Soon after he was admitted to the soldier lodge he learned that he might with perfect safety em ploy Indian scouts, that any "soldier" would die rather than to lie to him, for he believed that if he told a lie to a brother member, something very terri ble would happen to him. He would die, break out with sores, or his family would be afflicted with some dread disease and totally extinguished. Crook was the first officer to employ Indian scouts, and it took him a long time to get Washington authorities to agree to enlist them. Afterwards, all the generals employed them and no Indian ever proved a coward or false in any particular. They were always ab solutely reliable and trustworthy. It was through his faithful Indian scouts that he obtained his accurate informa tion. But there was some things that neither Crook or I could ever find out. They were things connected with what were called the "Medicine men," and were not part of the'knowledge known to members of the soldier lodge. One of these things was often a subject of conversation between us, but we knew no more after we had finished talking about it than we did when we began. The swiftness with which information is spread among Indians separated by great distance is a wonder to all men who have been on the plains in those times. Harris records that Indians around Bismark knew of the Custer defeat the same day that it occurred while the whites knew nothing about it until the steamboat bringing the wounded arrived there many days afterward, and there are many other instances, all well authenticated, of the same kind. General Crook told me that on the afternoon of the day that Custer was killed, he noticed that his Indian scouts were all in a state of melancholy and so terribly depressed were they that he knew something dreadful had happened. All persons at all acquainted with Indians know that they are subject to spells of melancholy, "having the dumps" as the whites who associate with them call it. At first, Crook said, he thought that the scouts were just having a spell of the "dumps" which would soon pas off, but after an hour or two when they seemed to be relapsing into a total collapse, he grew anxious and sent for the head scout and asked what had happened. The scout said that nothing had happened affecting them or that expedition. Crook replied: "I know that, or you would have told me long ago, but something has happened. What is it?" After considerable persuasion the Indian said: "Long Hair and all his men have been killed by Inkpaduta. Not one of them is left alive." (Inkpaduta was a very bad chief whom many of the In dians hated as well as all of the whites and commanded one of the bands at the Custer fight) Gen. Crook said that he tried every means that he could think of to find out how the Indians had received that information but all that he could ever get from them was that they got it in the Indian way. Crook's camp was 200 miles from the Custer battlefield and it was the same afternoon that the Indians knew the result. What made the scouts so depressed was that they thought that the white people would take a terrible revenge and perhaps kill all of the Indian people. Gen. Crook said that he was certain that that news was not conveyed by heliographing, an art in which Indians are very expert, using small mirrors for their instruments, for the contour of the country was such as to make that impossible, nor by smoke signals or in any other way of which white people had any knowledge. There should a new book be written and written now, devoted to the "Thir ty Years of War" with the Sioux and confined exclusively to that subject. It should begin with the outbreak, as described by Sheldon, and close with the burying of the dead at Wounded Knee. It should be written now, be cause there are men still living, who had personal connection with every part of it, and could help the historian to be accurate. Ten years from now they will be dead. T. H. Tibblis. LOOKING FORWARD. A Chicago school architect is of the opinion that, within fifty years, the schoolhouses for that and other cities will be situated away out in the sub urbs, or in the country. JuIesBois,a French writer, makes an even bolder prophecy, and says the great cities of the future will be practically uninhab ited, except for business purposes. All classes, rich and poor alike, will dwell in the country, or in garden cities for residence purposes only, access to which will be cheap and rapid, owing to the development of pneumatic railways or flying bicycles. After nightfall, the cities will be deserted, except for policemen, firemen, and, perhaps, theatre crowd. Thomas A. Edison, America's greatest inventor, says we are just on the verge of the development of mechanical and elec trical invention. This is the greatest age in the greatest country the world has ever known. Of the future, we can only guess, but pleasant prophe sies are best, and probably most likely. Perhaps you were born too soon. Atchison Globe. Helped Him to Hurry. Prince Bismarck once told a story of the battlefield of Koenlggrntz. The old emperor, then king of Prussia, had exposed himself and his staff to thu enemy's fire In a very reckless fash ion and would not hear of retreating to a safe distance. At last Prince Bis marck rode up to him. saying: "As a responsible minister I must Insist upon your majesty's retreat to a safe dis tance. If your majesty were to be killed the victory would be of no use to us." The king saw the force of this and slowly retreated, but in bl zeal returned again and again to the front. "When I noticed it," Prince Bismarck went on. "I only rose In my saddle and looked at him. He understood It perfectly and called out rather an grily, 'Yes. I am coming.' But we did not get on fast enough, and at last I rode close up to the king, took ray foot out of the right stirrup and se cretly gave bis horse an energetic kick. Such a thing bad never before han- pened to the fat mare, but the move .was successful, for she shot off In a line canter." 8attfed the Difficulty. An insurance agent had vainly tried to persuade a man to Insure his valua bles against burglary. "A safe's all very well," he admitted, "but look nt the constant trouble of locking up and un locking to see if your things are all right" "I've got over that difficulty," de clared the weary listener. "Indeed " said the agent Incredulous ly. "How?" "I've had a window put in the safe," growled the other. Explained. "You say the defendant pulled the plaintiff's hair. Now, how could the lefendant. who is an unusually short man, reach the plaintiff's hair, the plaintiff being fully six feet tall?' "Why, you see, your honor, the plaintiff was butting him at the time." Cleveland Plain Dealer. Evidently a Connoisseur. "Bliggins Is a connoisseur in cigars." "He must be. Otherwise he might make aa occasional mistake and give rway a good one." Washington Star. A bold onset Is half the battle Garibaldi. COAL Pocahontas tSmokeless Illinois. Rock Springs and Colorado Coals at prices that will interest you. Let us figure with you lor your winter's supply. T. B. Hord Bell 188 Let Us Prove To YOU Thr.t You Want This Minneapolis Heat Regulator We can provide it and prove, that if you have it installed, you won'tsell it for what it cost you. Let Us Take the Risk If you are not satisfied, and it does not do all we claim, we will take it out and give your money back. We Handle the "Minneapolis" in This City Because We know this is the best Heat Regu lator made regardless of price, and we know the price puts it within of every household. Furnace or Boiler All Kinds of Fuel. "Saves its Cost in a Season" A. DUSSELL &. SON PLUMIN6 MD HEATING Columbus, Nebraska An Indiscreet Memory. The Hostess Don't you think Colo nel Broadside Is quite a wonderful old man? Look at him. He is as straight and slender as an arrow, and he has the most wonderful memory. The Lady of Dubious Age I think he's an atrocious old bore. He remembers when everybody was born. Cleveland Plain Dealer. Partial Cure. "I fear you are a victim of the drink habit." "You misjudge me. Lack of the price cured me of the drink habit long ago. It's merely the thirst that both ers me now." Philadelphia Ledger. OFF TO SUMMER No need to bear the discomforts of a northern winter. At a low cost you can enjoy the sunshine, flowers and summer life of Southern California, Cuba, the Bahamas, Florida and the Gulf Country. Take a winter vacation and see the historic Southland. Write me for descriptive literature about our personally conducted excursions to Southern California, about Florida and all the other far famed winjer resorts berths, rates, train service, etc. Jllilill IBS L. F. RECTOR, Ticket Agent, Columbus L. W. Walelet, G. P. A., Omaha Magazine Old Books Rebound In fact, for anything in the book binding line bring your work to She Journal Office Phone 160 Grain Co. Ind. 206 the reac Knew of One. "Suggestion? H'mp: Did you ever hear of a real cure effected by 'sugges tion V " "I personally knew of one. 1 once suggested to a young fellow that if he didn't want to have a big dog chasing him off the premises he'd better quit coming to my house, and it cured him of the habit" Chicago Tribune. Her Train. "I shall miss my train," she said petulantly. "Oh. no, you won't." the dressmaker assured her. "You will soon get used to these gowiis which haven't any." New York Journal. CLIMES I BBSwKi 4- I Rw h &LMB A3 Binding .- T V 7FtM$, i.