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'A* weighing Wlncb y&y 3A2S£'%r7'j MPEROR WILLIAM highly pleased the democratic element which is anxious he should make it possi ble for them to remain loyal to him, by his gracious consent to the morganatic marriage of Prince Oscar, his fifth son, and the sprightly Countess Ina von Basse witz-Levitzow, the empress' maid of honor. I Indeed the recent history of Eu ropean royalty would lead to the belief that the mysterious theory of "equal birth" Is rapidly breaking down. Since beautiful Princess Sophia of Saxe-Weimar killed herself because she was restrained from wedding a simple nobleman the disintegrating tendency has been still stronger. Probably the greatest single factor in breaking down the walls of Hohenzollern tradition of ex -cluBlveness is the curious position of Queen Mary of England. She is the granddaughter of a German mor ganatic marriage. Her grandfather, son of Duke Alexander of Wurtemburg, renounced his royal rank to contract a morganatic union with the Polish Countess Claudlne von Rhedy. He was then created prince and duke of Teck. So the Tecks do not belong to the "higher no bility" of Germany. This class includes only those who hold the title under the holy Roman empire. If Princess Mary of Teck had remained in Germany she could only have been the mor ganatic wife of even the youngest son of a reign ing German family. Indeed, her marriage with a member of a fam ily which had once reigned, but long ago lost its possessions, would have been morganatic. By toils quaint theory of "equal birth." a mar quis or even a duke may not have the "equal birth" of a plain count, supposing the count fam ily is in the musty old list of the holy Roman •empire and the duke and marquis are not. The inconsistency of the "equal birth" theory was once admitted with much sang froid by Kaiser Friedrich, father of the present emperor, according to an anecdote widely quoted. A coun try gentleman of the lowest rank was discussing families with Friedrich and Anally exclaimed: "I can't say I understand all these rules, but I claim my family is quite as good as the Hohenzollerns!" "Very true," quoth the kaiser, "but the Hohen zollerns have got on faster!" Perhaps the better standing of "unequal mar liages" is to be attributed to the almost uniform felicity of such matches. Two non-royal mar Tlages In the English reigning family, that of Queen victoria's daughter Louise to the late duke of Argyll and of King George's sister Louise to the duke of Fife, turned out most auspicious to the parties directly involved and at the same time did much to build up the present good feel ing between the English rulers and their people. In Germany Frederick William II, king of Prus sia from 1744 to 1797, bought off his royal wife to agree to a separation so he could morganatically marry Fraulein von Voss, a maid of honor to his daughter, Princess Frederick. Saying it was sim ply a matter of state, the king's father-in-law, the old duke of Brunswick, actually arranged the reparation of his royal daughter and the mor- WHERE EMERALDS COME Where do they come from—those flashing •tones of pure pellucid green that often form the central setting of beauty's choicest gems? Diamonds form but satellites when that rarest •of jewels, a perfect emerald, flashes its lire or tends its sheen to the jewel-lncrusted crown of royalty. Its birth is hidden In the mystevy of nature's alchemy, but its beauty and charm have lees recognised from the very dawn of history. Emeralds flashed on the shield of Aaron the Ptolemies of Egypt treasured them, and their lapidaries knew the art of engraving on their hard surfaces the mystic symbols of tbelr ancient faith the Theban tombs revealed choice emer aids among their long-burled treasures, while Herculaneum and Pompeii have added their quota to the greed of modern excavators. Nero, that half-mad monster who once ruled the destinies of Rome, used an enormous emerald for a mono-^ lombla. cle, and in the filmy fabric of the gowns of Cleopatra emeralds shone In verdant luster. 1ft. gabarah, In Upper Bgypt, Is said to have tean the source of many of these ancient gems, but centuries have passed since these proline mines were exhausted, and modem Jewelers must "I now depend upon the western hemisphere for their supply. to the spoils Pizarro sent to Spain were found (fef first fine specimens of American emeralds, an# thus was revealed another source of theiC Billfold wealth of the new World. Perhaps thei" mote valuable single emerald found In modernf times Is the one la that famous oolloction oil nil «nmed by the duke of Devonshire. It le said to be a perfect hoiaftnal crystal. eight ounces aad 11 pennyweights, and It CUM from the mlnee of tenth JK1 rv n Ai KM* fanatic marriage with her rival. There was little romance about this transaction, but the king proved hap pier with his mor ganatic wife than he had been with his BUite of "equal birth." So eager was Prince Constance of Hohen zollern to marry mor ganatically the daugh ter of Baron Schenk that he abdicated the governorship of the principality of Hohen zollern in 1850 in tar vor of the king of Prussia. The king graciously created the bride-to-be countess of Rothenberg and "they lived happily iter afterward." e s a e y e a Mnce Adalbert of Prussia, for whom the present kaiser's third •on is named, made a morganatic match with the famous German dancer, Theresa Elsser, who had been created baroness of Barnim. jpz&cr /4&oyzz Then there is the famous struggle of Dufc# Jgeorge II of Saxe-Meiningen to secure recog nition for his wife, who was Etten Franz, a pop. ular Shakespearean actress. She was the dauglw ter of an Englishwoman and a Naumberg school* master. On their wedding day in 1175 or imme dlately thereafter, every one of the court dig^Jk tarles and all the ministers of state resigned. All sorts of downright Insults were heaped upon that furnishes the greatest supply of fine emer alds known to the world today. Not that Colombia Is the only country that has SRnerald mines. Ecuador and Peru have contrib uted their share to the world's supply, and in the former country the city of Bsmeraldas (Span ish for emeralds) takes its name frqm the pre dons stones found in the vicinity. Among the Aztec treasure# of Mexico were found emeralds as fine as those of the Peruvian, InaM, and It is reported that Cortes was offered 40,000 ducats for one of the gems he gathered from the hoard Of Montezuma. In some areas of the United States limited quantities of the preoious stones are found, but the gems of greatest beauty and value are to be had from the Muzo and Caaquez deposits near ENTERPftlSltML Jpld Mr. Cumrox. do-" replied the ronag man. i u y a u e s a y s e w o u n i n k o iharrylng yon." "Still your consent wonld be a good retail" j*fty4§tUm fpr me with some other family." V o i w 'Til bring you a bog candor tho next time call," ho said. 7/ "Bnt thore are so many #n^ of candy," repttad #io sweotyoung thing.** "What hind would you|pmft ThndsHgr Wad." 55W- fa e. You want my consent to marry my daughter?* he sanctity of royalty. fO U can the heads of the talented woman until her tormentors received the well-de served title, "souls of lackeys." The colonel of a Prussian regiment sta tioned in Meinlngen forbade his of ficers to greet' the wife of the duke (now a baroness) when 6he passed them. The Hohenzollerns ignored her, By a curious coincidence on the day when his son publicly announced hfo coming morganatic marriage the kai ser for the first time sent a message of friendly greeting to the wife of his "cousin of Saxe-Meiningen," who that day attained her seventy-fifth birth day. But while the Bassewltzes never have had the privilege of "equal birth" with royalty, they have held the honor of knighthood as far back as they can be traced. It is to be noted that the Bassewltzes were knights In the days when the ancestors of the Princeis Fugger was a master weaver in Augs berg. Yet the Fuggers now have the privilege of "ebenburtigtoeit!" The countess captivated the hearts of all Germans who have met her, as well as the members of the royal fam ily, by her sparkling wit and by her excellent singing voice. "After Wilhelm heard her sing he could not re 6ist her," is the saying with regard to the re moval of the kaiser's opposition. She is not strik ingly beautiful, but her pleasing appearance has made her a brilliant star in the stodgy court of the German empress. All the other women at tached to the empress' service have been in her servioe since the early days of her marriage and either are, or are old enough to be grandmothers. The cbuntess' best friend in hev love affair has been the Crown Princess Cecllie. whose brother is the grand duke of Meklenburg, of which tho countess' father is minister of state. Coknlng from the same place to Berlin, and with the same vivacity, good looks and pleasure in pretty clothes and plfuant society, they naturally formed an al liance against the stiff and conventional sur roundings. The day after the marriage of Prince Oscar and Countess ina the royal bridegroom will confer a settlement upon his wife. This is the "morgan gabe" (morning gift), from which the term "mor ganatic" comes, The marriage ceremony differs from the ussal custom In that the bride Joins her right hand to the bridegroom's left hand (a token of their unequal birth) and for this she cannot Inherit the estates of her husband or receive his royal name Hence. the day after the marriage he bestows new title upon her, sccording to the arrange ments of the slate, and a financial settlement. This morganatic marriago Is considered i founding an entirely new family. The kaiser will grant the family a new name and Prince Oscar will be paid a lump sum instead of his princely allowance. Morganatic marriages hare from time to time been attacked as equivalent to concubinage. This Is a mistake, for the whole system of mor ganatic marriages has been built up by the Protectant church to preserve the purity of the marriage relation and at the same time preserve The royal bridegroom cannot marry agate In the lifetime of his morganatic wife unless she is regularly divorced. The children take the title and rank of the mother, but they invariably obtain high ofllco and rich emoluments from the royal family when they are grown and, as in the ease of the Tecks, frequently marry Into royalty. AT Hft ©ONCtaifc -'t •1 i -I why do they play some of the gmsle and the other so loud?* that the people who hsrd ft tearing V worth*" ,vv.^- mj.r .s- v/v I-.... v ,V-S tv NEWS OF SOUTH DAKOTA WaaMrn Siwwpk Vnlw Ktw MhIn, Residents of the portion of Pen oipgton county which it is proposed to form into a new county are favoring the naming of the county after C. K. Howard and thus perpetuating the name of one of the state's greatest pioneers. J. W. Martinie, a bookkeeper for the Aberdeen Light and Power com pany, while riding a bicycle, got on the wrong Bide of the street to dodge a street car and pass a wagon, when he was struck by an automobile, sua taining serious but not fatal injur ies. Joseph Wilde, for 25 years manager of the Portland cement works at Yankton, is dead at the age of 86 years. He is survived by a wife anil eight children. Before coming tc Yankton Mr. Wilde was quite promi nent in Milwaukee. He was born in England. Fiflures at the police headquarters ill Mitchell show that during the firsl fifteen days of the month, 3,070 u* employed men passed through Mitch ell. If the ratio keeps up, nearly 7,000 men will have visited the city during July. There seems to be many Biore men than there are jobs for. IE. G. Pettlgrew of Flandreau has an unusual hen in his flock which lay* eggs measuring six Inches around an«3 eight inches end to end. The hen lays one of these large eggs every oth er day and Mr. Pettigrew is searching for a market that will buy them by the pound rather than by the dozen. Hilbert Kelly of Winner has been lodged in the Minnehaha county jail to await trial at the fall term of the United States district court on s charge of violation of the law forbid ding the sale or gift of liquor to In dians. It Is claimed by the authori ties that he gave intoxicants to an Indian during a carnival at Winner. He will be tried at Deadwood In Sei» tember. While playing at the top of the Farmers' elevator at Wentworth with boy friends, George Zinn, son of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Zinn, lost his balnace and fell 30 feet to the floor of one of the bins, breaking both arms and re ceiving other Injuries. He was taken to a hospital at Madison. Examina tion showed that he had suffered no biternal injuries. He now carries both arms in a sling. The Grand Commandery, Knights Templar, will hold the 31st annual conclave at Vermillion August 11, 12, 13. A fine program has been ar ranged for the occasion. The enter tainment committee has arranged to place automobiles at the disposal of the delegates, and during recesses of the conclave the visitors will be driv en about the city and surrounding country on slght-eelng trips. Practically the entire Black Hills district and that part of the agricul tural region surrounding the northern Hills, were visited by a rain storm that has done an immense amount of good. For two weeks preceding, hot winds had prevailed and crops in most sections were in danger of to tal destruction. Conditions now are much improved and the prospects ar-a that normal crops of small grain will be harvested. A lease, which formally transfers for 25 years the James River Vallev and Northwestern railway, and the Belle Fourche Valley railroad, to the Chicago and Northwestern Railway company, has been flled with the sec retary of state. One of these lines runs from Gettysburg to Blunt, and the other from Belle Fourche to New ell, and both have the same officials as has the Northwestern system, and were built as a part of that system, but by subsidiary companies. Miss Kaufman, "the lady hobo,** ad dressed a crowd of perhaps 500 ho boes, harvest hands and I. W. W.'s in the jungles east of Aberdeen. She stated in the course of her remarks, which were hesrd with great interest by the crowd, that she had traveled as a hobo for the past eight years, must of the time in men's clothes. She was a most interesting talker, and an I. W. W. Agitator of the first rank. Ia the course of her talk, which lastej for about three-quarters of an hour, she urged her hearers to refuse to work for $2.60 or $2.75 or $2.85 a dsy, but to demand from $3 to $20 for a day's labor. This part of her speech was roundly agflfeuded by her audi ence. A real estate man of Lemmon re cently write the Van Sant Investment company Of St. Paul, asking the.n for the privilege of handling theli leasing matters In Lemmon territory The investment oompany, although having done a large loan buslness in that territory ever since the settle ment of the county, replied that they had not a single piece of land to lease as they had been paid their interest Surely this is a record that eastern South Dakota can not boast of in Its pioneer days. Loans on real estate ave as safe In Perkins county, South Dakota, and £dams county, North Dakota, as In old settled portions of the state and still the rate of inter est is maintained at much higher fig ure. F. M. Flnkllne, an oxporionced creamery man of Des Moines, la., has purchased the Salem creamery from B. Fidlor and will take immediate pos session. The new management will begin operation at once. Leonard Ness and Tom Medboe wore given a hearing before United State Commissioner J. P. Croal at Sisaeton on a charge of having had liquor in their po—eislon on that res ervation. Medboe gave 9400 bonl for hln appearance at the November term of the fedtlil court at Aberdeen. Ness was IK4M w I-1? V, i .'si a I INffiKKDOffit (By fi. O. SELLERS. Director ef Department, The Moody Btbl* Instil Chicago.) LESSON FOR AUGUST 2 TNI TRIUMPHAL tNTR*. L1SSSON TEXT-Mark 11:1-11. OOLDEN TEXT—"Rejoice sreetly. daughter of Zion shout, O daughter Jerusalem, because thy king cometh thee." Zech. 9:9 V. Mark devotes 233 verses to his count of the last week of our life and 425 to all the balance. thew devotes seven chapters and: live. If all of the life of Jesua been given to us in like ratio It wool have taken at least 89 volumes which to tell us the story. Today's lesson is the IntroductH to that week. We must consider entry In Its light upon the movement of his life. His Inst! tions how to secure the colt Indicate his Intention to provoke stl demonstration. Though often In Jo*] rusalem before, this was a different] occasion, and for a different purpose* Before he did not provoke his fllcts, now he courts publicity, that may fasten his claims upon the tentlon of all. Many disciples are not willing to so explicitly and simply ol This obedience Is heightened we remember how the disciples followed Jesus towsrds "amaied" and perplexed. 1 Teet of Faith. I. "The Lord hath need w. 1-7. It was a test of faith for* disciples to obey the Lord's commanAj (v. S), yet they did precisely what they were commanded to do (•. th Obedience is the supremo test of 41b* clpleshlp, John 15:14. When the dim clples entered the village (v. 1) tlMR] found the colt "whereon no manerefl yet sat." Jesus knew all and fcnftj the keys to the human heart. Per this colt belonged to a disciple, the willingness to let It be uaed the occasion Jesus was for the and only time assuming. Those who stood by asked the nrfl question suggested by Jesus, •. ef. v. 3. As these disciples cast garments upon the colt for Jesua to sit upon, they proclaimed their al legiance to him as king. II. "Hoeanna* w. S*11. Literally* "save now," Ps. 118:25, St. Hie en try was characterised by n remarkable outbreak of enthusiasm. Before jnly the disciples accepted his dom claims, now the multitude found their expression of gratification. Paan ing into the city, sitting upon the colt, he was accompanied by their ehantn of praise. Their first word was, "He eanna"—their last "Hosanna In the highest." Between these they em claimed, "Blessed Is the kingdom that cometh, of our father David." It hoa-: been suggested that this host was mnAs up largely of Galileans, and that theirs was an appeal to the city to the one who was coming, hence double blessing to the king and to tho kingdom. Jesus seems to hare ytoM ed his whole soul to this glad acclaim. It was a necessary part of that nlty which should properly bo ed to the Messiah on this his entry Into the Holy city. This ng gestlon about the Qalileass mgf plain the cry uttered the last PNft Of the week by the ottisens of "Cruelly htm." Sttyl wo f«et that many of this asms this latter cry. The uaacC tta1 many" (•. 8) seems to tndtaglji U* everyone Joined the to- KCHHi hat rss S«sot ef Pay*W#gy. Some of that crowd wore doubtlnss moved by the "psychology of tlm crowd." an4 their devotion was lived. It ia not hard to imagine effect this strange precession have produced UQon the city an"' moved on to the temple. So** their garments upon the gBHftt Ml' pave his way. Othera took palm branches (John 12:13) ai|d S&owo4|r them lit his path. 8ot« of the Pharisees crtef against this demonstration, Utips 1ft $ 39. tvt| the Master replied, "H tfMtt should'hold their would Immediately cry out." 40. From Luke's account wo- son ttmt Jesus.did not soem to share tho Hnr of that 4fj, Lube 19:40-44. Po, n the begin the e*d from the banning, fM ly estimated, at Its true ^ittta. •MM*- fivaiMMnt i4ulfttlta of the Summary. This Is a strange trtumgll What a variety of emotions It Tho clothing oast HsCore of saerifoo on Ids hshslf Tin ing of children's voices were ecy of his tltlmnto victory. sms| have aroused. Those of dtsctpls^ the crowd, the Jewish sects, t)M |g» man soldiers and eitisens, and In tfem breast of Jesus. How dlflstsnt the trtpmphal processions of Hearen also «aw tho day. Tho dUbl^tes thonaHlladoiwp» filled with hope. Th# nalHeaasi tarth thelrafa4 of fifth, tho oa4ookfm airsfftr presented dark and iffillir the midst tf alt thin heart? 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