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-V v •, .-Jiiv .r... -iv• •". ,,V.. 1- fc* -W# It I: fr & k'(' Si I' I I'S"4 'o% THE WEEKLY REVIEW *. D. At NET, Pnbllshor |MILIP .: V V" i\- SOUTH DAKOTA The best sort of trench discing It tor a rose garden. "Th« fan's motto: "Dope springs eternal in the human breast!" Here's hoping that Europe's tenner crop of 1915 will never be exceeded! 8port may add to the high cost of living, but It is never charged with it. The Inflexible will of a millionaire Is frequently broken long after his de mise. The beriberi disease would Mem to be the sort that a fellow can have twice. War fever is one thing, but typhus fever affords opportunity for some tall reflecting. The shortage ot dyestuffs It Ml ex fctected to have any effect on the red 'hose output. Paint-up Is a good slogan, but with German supplies cut oil we're forced to never say dye. Esperanto having been advanced at 0 solution to international strife, our Voice Is still for war. Timely health maxftn: Take care of the wars, and the plagues will take Care of themselves." Things ought to run smoothly to this country. There are 150,000 oil %ells within Its borders. The allies are purchasing tMOQ tnules. Ah ha, going to back them Into the German trenches? Publishers heard a cabaret by wire 1,500 miles away. At that distance It Should have been enjoyable. "Men are fools," asserts a grass Widow and some folks say a woman doesn't learn by experience! Nothing that occurred a hundred fears ago can be quite so Important #s the things happening now. When a man thinks of the sort of Hction that will follow, he scarcely K-» tares If the war never ends. To produce the most effective re vults, heart balm should be applied In the region of the pocketbook. Nevertheless, the 9275,000,000 spent On the movies have been productive #f no small amount of reel war. V Chickens come home to roost, but the gardener next door wishes that they would also stay home to feed. v 1 You can usually tell that a beauti- j».yful society leader's views Ot the war •re absolutely correct fear her plc nV' tare. A man with a slight foreign accent Who la not suspected of being some kind of a spy regards himself as neg lected. There la something radically wrong jfV -When the lawyer advises you to avoid litigation or a doctor drinks your good health. la view of the fact that a fish lays f,000,000 eggs a season It might be a idea to employ a fish to aet the for the hens. Walking, according to a medical au thority, will add tea years to a man's ttte. That la, providing he doesa't get hit by a jitney bus. Auburn-haired girls would have a t* hotter reputation for temper If there S: 'i'" I*'/*-. Will to many rising youu fen toon as "Rod." E-v* A» orator who finds that converts ha*o hookiMd la never troubled by o refund ofppnay *nld at the box oioo, *or a long Mat of dlvoree LORD KITCHENER IS ATTACKED BY PRESS COMPETENCY OF WAR MINISTRY CRITICISED—PAPERS BURNED BY SUPPORTER8. BURDEN TOO BIG FOR ONE MAN War Secretary Probably Will Be Made Commander-in-Chief of Arm lee in France—Daily Mail Ques tions His Capacity. London, May 24.—The British peo ple have been talking of nothing but who should be members of the new coalition cabinet. They were forgot ten. however, in the controversy over liord Kitchener. The Times and the Daily Mail have attacked the competency of the war ministry and the Impeachment of the Daily Mail was particularly fierce. An upheaval of impular resentment against these newspapers and their dominating spirit, Lord Northcliffe, quickly followed. Support Lord Kitchener. The stock exchange men held an excited meeting, formally burned copies of the Times and the Daily Klail and adopted resolutions support ing Lord Kitchener. Other meetings of protest are being planned and a large section of the press has come to liis support. The Pall Mall Gazette says the at tacks made on Kitchener have ren dered him more powerful and popular than ever. The criticism of lxrd Kitchener appears to ha\e had its Hist inspiration in a message last week from the Times' military expert at British headquarters in France. The expert asserted that the British of fensive has been crippled by a lack of high explosive shells and called for more shells. Burden Too Heayy. When the proposed reorganization of the government was announced, several newspapers suggested in con siderate terms that in attempting to raise and organize great volunteer armies and at the same time manage the equipment and supplies thereof, the war minster had taken upon his shoulders a heavier burden than any man could carry. They proposed that organization and supply should be made separate departments, and opinion settled upon David Lloyd-George, chancellor of the exchequer, for the latter work. Some of the newspapers discussed the possibility of ixrd Kitchener be ing made commander-in-chief of the armies In the field. The Daily Mall, however, attacked lxrd Kitchener's South African record as a lighting general and questioned his capacity to command an army in the European war. ITAUMt ENVOY ASSAULTED AtpkMUfer Benin to Attack* By Half-Grown Youngster—Gov ernment Apologtaee. Berlin, via London, May 14.—Rlcar do BollatU Italian ambaaaador to Ger many, upon leaving the Italian embassy to go to a dinner at the Spanish em haasy, was assaulted by a half-grown youngster, who knocked of the am haasador's hat. The bojr was aolacd by paaeorsby and beaten before ho was turned over to the police. The government Immediately sent the smheseador for the In The dsspiet regret la ex la Berlin at thin occurrence. earner to aa the day wore wtlh- the ririaKjr of the Italian Only s FLEET AT NIGHT PRESENTS SCENE OF BEAUTY Hrilliant illumination of the battleships of the Atlantic fleet at night as tbey lay in tbe Hudson river. KAISER ON EASTERN FRONT. Amsterdam (via London), May 20.—An official statement issued in Berlin says Kmperor William was present while fighting was int progress on the eastern front, first with the general staff and later* with a division which was strug gling to force a crossing of the San river. SERBIANS MOVE ON JOISTHM RECONSTRUCTED ARMY MARCHES TOWARD BORDER TO ATTACK. Russians Holding West Bank of Son River Are Thrown Back By Austriann. London, May 24.—With the expecta tion that Italy will enter the war at any moment, the reconstructed Ser bian army has commenced a march toward the Austrian border, it Is an nounced, Austria being thus attacked from all sides and with the pros|ects that Roumania, Greece and Bulgaria will enter the war on the side of the allies of the triple entente, the Teu tonic allies are making strenuous ef-1 forts to complete the defeat of the' Russians who are resisting stubbornly behind the San river and around Przemysl, Galicia. Russians Thrown Back. The latest Austrian official state ment says that on that part of the San running down the Sienawa the Rus sian detachments still holding the west bank have been thrown back. The Auatro-German forces, in stub born night battles east of Droiiobyez. have captured Neudorf. Vienna claims that the Russian counter attack across the Dniester in east Galicia has come to a standstill on the I'ruth line. Concluding the official statement the Austrian '„.var office says: "The total number of prisoners in our hands now amount to 194,0»o." BELIEVED FRANK INNOCENT Late Judge Roan, Who Presided at Trial Often Expressed This Opin ion, Says Friend. Atlanta, Ga., May 24.—In a letter for warded to Governor Slaton and the state prison commission, urging clem ency for Leo M. Frank, Jiffcie A. G. Powell, a former member of the state court of appeals, asserted that the late Judge Roan, who presided at Frank's trial, often had expressed to him the belief that Frank was innocent of the murder of Mary Phagan. "I was an intimate friend of Judge Roan," Judge Powell's letter stated. "If he were living I would not at tempt to speak for him. Since his mouth In closed by death, I feel it is due to him and to Frank that I should give you the benefit of what 1 know of how he felt as to the defendant's guilt." PRZEMYSL IS ABOUT TO FALL Gaiician Fortreee Must Either Be Abandoned or Risk Danger of Cap ture, Say Critice. London, May 21.—Prsemysl Is about to tell before the Austro-German ar mies under General Mackenson. Crushed by succeeslve defeats, the Russians mpst either abandon the Gaiician fortreee they captured two months ago or risk the danger of be ing surrounded and captured. Only the arrival of large bodice of Slav reinforcementa can save the city. This was the opinion of military critics here, following admission by the Rus sian war office that the creased the San river. w Capture 104400 Rucdana. Berlin, liny S3 (via London).—Since the first of May 104,006 Ruaaian pria onora, 72 cannon .and 263 nmehlne guna have been captured by the Auatro-Ger man army operating Is Galida under General Von Msrlenscn. the far oflloe haa Jnat W**. England. May 21—The ot He trawler Ortmmd. which hf a m* hn|t*o mmm mm am mmmarnmrn votr* mt it* mm a UNITED STATES MUST BE READY FOR WAR IN ORDER TO PRESERVE PEACEi WEAKNESS NO PROTECTION Secretary of War, Addressing Arbitra tion Conference, Delivers Telling Blows at Arguments Againet Military Preparedness. Lake Mohonk. N. Y„ May 21.—The United States must arm immediately if it is to keep its place among the nations. Secretary of War Lindley M. Garrison told the pacifists gathered here for the annual conference on in ternational arbitration, in a brilliant speech, carefully argued and bristling with striking epigrams. He declared the real problem of American national defense is to get the people to look the facts squarely in the face. Only a united nation can accomplish anything in arming for the conflict which is bound to come sooner or later. We shall be despised among the nations of the earth and our righteousness will not save us from the aggressions of the unrighteous if we remain weak and flabby, he de clared. We must be ready to make war in order to keep the blessings of peace. Self-preservation Is the first law of a nation. Nation Must Be Self-respecting "A nation, to deserve preservation, nnif be sane, just, righteous, self-re specting and courageou-p," he contin ued. Since it only obtained those virtues by conflict of one sort or an other, it can only retain them and thus insure its own preservation by being prepared in every proper way to de fend them froi.n the inevitable assaults which will be made against them. '"No turning aside won't do—it not only will not prevent the calamity, but will also serve to make its effects more disastrous if and when it does come. If we would respect ourselves and de serve the respect of others, and have that courage without which man is useless, we mus not shink from or shirk our problem because of any of Its repellent or repulsive features." Taking Military Precautions. "A great deal of inattention and considerable opposition is b^sed upon the statement and belief that if a na tion takes military precautions and makes military preparation it invites what it seeks to prevent or repel. Tibs contention does not seem to have any foundation in reason or in fact. It certainly Is not so in any other like situation, either in our spiritual or our physical life. Those who entertain and give expression to this feeling would be shocked, I am sure, if a sim ilar attitude to that which they have in this matter were applied to other like matters. Does the individual in vite evif by preparing himself to with stand the assaults of temptation? Does the citizen invite the conflagatlon by preparing a force to extinguish and minimize the results of fire? No Safety in Weaknees. "They, however, who deprecate the taking of these precautions and the making of these preparations urge etlll farther opposition somewhat akin to that just disposed of. They say: 'If you are strong enough to fight you are more likely to fight or, stated in the negative, 'If your nation is not pre pared for war, your nation will be less likely to be involved in war. "The question is, how do yon Justi fy your trust that other nations which are strong will refrain from misusing their strength against us If you fear that we, If strong, would misuse oar strength against other nations? There la no haala for any each unjust an imadrersiou against our nation and henrd.The GERMANY CONCEDES PRINCIPLE TO SAFEGUARD CITIZENS, IS REPORT. REJECTS SUBMARINE PLAN Holds That Untie* States Cannot De mand Complete Abandonment of Under-Sea Warfare—Position- Outlined to Gerard. Washington, May 22.—Germany has unofficially accepted the general prin ciple "that American citizens shall be protected and safeguarded by the United States under all conditions." On the ground, however, that it is contrary to all rulings of international law, she will reject the suggestion that ihe United States can demand com plete abandonment of her submarine warfare. She holds that America's legal rights extend only to the protec tion of vessels of American register and to the safety of Americans on board belligerent merchantmen. German Position Outlined. This was understood to be the German position, as outlined to Am bassador Gerard in the series of un official conferences which have fol lowed presentation of the Wilson note to the Berlin foreign office. It is fur ther understood that in his reports to the state department, Gerard said, in substance, such will be the general tone of the official German reply. To Defend Submarine Warfare. Germany, it is stated, will make her answer very specific. She will take up the American note paragraph by paragraph from her un derstanding of the provisions of inter national law bearing on the case. She will warmly defend her submarine warfare as a reprisal against any en emy which courted such reprisals by arming her merchant ships, offering rewards for the destruction of German submarines, and will quote British board of trade and shipping organiza tions' resolutions as approving all the methods that would destroy German under-sea craft. Bryan Angered at Stories. Washington, May 21.—It is under stood German officials have told Am bassador Gerard they consider they have been fighting fire with fire and that any de mand by the United States that they completely cease submarine activity is an improper one in the light of international law. Stories that the United States has admitted the justice of the latter con tention were empirically denied by Secretary Bryan. He angrily refused to discuss the matter further In any form. Washington, May 20.—With the am bassadors of Germany and Austria do inj everything humanly possible to bring about a reapproachment be tween this country «aud Germany, a distinctly less optimistic 4tone prevails in Washington. There are indications that Ger many's note will not be satisfactory. Intimations are to th- effect that she fails to realize the seriousness of the situation and will obstinately cling to the policy of warfare denounced by President Wilson. Her note will be polite, will express the most cordial feelings, will be couched in the same diplomatic lan guage which characterized that of President Wilson, but is very likely to fall short of the desired thing. Viewpoint May be Changed. There is still a possibility that the viewpoint of the German government may be changed. There is no doubt but Ambassador Bernstorff realizes the gravity of the situation and is doing everything possible to bring the force of the situation home to the men who will determine Germany's policy at Berlin. Dr. Dumba, the Austrian ambassador, is also keenly alive to the potentialities of the situ ation and his government apparently is also awake to the Important con sequences Involved. Various hints and suggestions have filtered through from Germany, indi cating Germany is determined to stand by her submarine policy at all cost, while the secret messages that have come through have apparently indicated the same thing. There is no place more keenly sensitive to the war situation than the New York stock market, and that sig-sagged in a man ner which Indicated it was trying to dodge a aubmarlne torpedo Especially directed at Itself. Firm, Vigorous Policy Expected. The lalluence of Von Tlrpitx in the Gorman government councils Is an equation that Is not being overlooked here. It Is well understood that the men moat powerful In the German government today ore, next to the Kataer. Von Falkenhayn, the chief of Prepero Note to tngtand. Waahlngfon, May SO.—in spite of at New York by Sec the rumor remnlna tke admia$atrattea it n*e to Great Britain that coontry% thaf htah method* ot denllng -111,,. ,T WVJPf OTSB1I GERMAN NOTE TO BE DELAYED Reply to U. S. Communication Likely to be Held Up Because of Italian Crisis. Washington. May 19.—Two impor» tant factors, it has become known, are working to delay for another week Germany's reply to the American note of May 13, sent as a consequence of the i^usitania disaster. First, the next few days are expect ed to decide whether Germany will bH confronted with a new military situa tion by the entrance of Italy into the war and the cutting off of all supplies through the Mediterranean. Second, interested diplomatists herd believe the interim of delay will re veal whether the United States, of its own initiative, will send a general protest to the Allies with respect to their alleged violations of internation al law by interfering with commerce between American ports and neutral countries of Europe. staff Von Jagow, the foreign minis ter Von Bethmann-Holweg, the chan cellor, and Von Tirpitz, head of the admiralty and author of the subma rine policy. The majority of these advisors are expected^to advise a firm and vigor ous policy. The suggestions that filter through here are that the German govern ment insists on believing that America is not in deadly earnest in the mat ter, and that the situation may bo handled by argument, suggestion df arbitration, and by a presentation df Germanys case, together wtih certain demands relative to bringing pressuiit upon Germanys enemies to which thiS American government will not be abM) to accede. That the President is endeavoring to head off arbitration is supposed to have been indicated in his New York address, when he said America waft asking nothing it did not have a right to ask for humanity. Urge Suspension of Attacks. Both the Austrian and German am bassadors are understood to have telegraphed to their governments urg ing suspension of submarine attacks on passenger ships while the diploma tic ftscussions are in progress, be cause of the serious situation that resulted in the United States fro# the sinking of the Lusltania. Thef have cautioned extreme care lest tin# sinking of another ship with American lives aboard may lead to an imme diate break in the relations of the United States with Germany. Protest to Britain Considered. The general expectation here is that Germany will reiterate her willingness to abandon her present submarine war fare on merchant ships and follow the maritime laws if neutrals will influ ence the allies to permit the shipment of foodstuffs to civilians in belligerent territory. In this connection, there has been some consideration given in official quarters here to the advisabi* ity of sending a note of protest to Great Britain against the actual op erations of its fleet in enforcing the blockade of commerce with Germany. BERLIN PAPER ON U. S. NOTE Lokal Anzeiger Declares German Reply Will be Polite as it Will be Clear. Berlin, vf£ London. May 19.—The American note to Germany has not yet i been officially given out. The after noon papers, however, print the ver i sion of the document as telegraphed here by the Havas agency. With the single exception of the Lokal Anzeiger, i all refrain from comment. The Lokal i Anzeiger says: i "The German government certainjf will not delay long with the answec required, and probably reply that i|| occupying itself with its 'sacred dutie^ it is not to be disturbed from any sidft, "That the American government should consider the LuBitania as harmless packet boat, without takiig notice of the fact that it was realty, an auxiliary cruiser, and an ammuif tion steamer for the British navy, api pears to us scarcely believable. But the German answer to Washington will make it comprehensible to Mr. President in language as polite as It will be clear, that we must conduct tin war as we are conducting it, and conduct It with a clear conscience.* DRAFT OF GERMANY'S REPLY Answer to American Note, Regarding Lusltania Tragedy, la Nearly Com pleted, Says Report. Washington, May 22.—Germany's re ply to the American note, sent a week ago as a consequence of the Lusitants tragedy and other violations of Amort can rights In the war zone, has been nearly completed, according to intt matlons which have reached hem through diplomatic channela. The return of Emperor William from the eastern front is said to be awaited by the Imperial Chancellor and the minister of foreign affairs before tlfi document la put Into final form fgr presentation to Ambaaaador Gerard. Canadian Ship Rammed. Ottawa, Ont, May 21.—Eight of 14 members of the crew ot the government steamer Christine drowned when that steamer hy a Canadian aoh of Orleans ft learned that the voced aaak within throe mlnutoa and that the enable to launch a We ptoeerrera. mot wmm "w hi •--•I I ''-A V'.