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Hiring of Teachers for New Term
Will Be "in Air." According to a decision of Attorney General Pyle. rendered under a form er change iu school laws of the state »nd the provisions of the school law of last winter, there is material for a treat deal of trouble In the matter of lelection of teachers in this state for the next school ve&r. Under the old system, with two members of the board of education se lected from each ward in a city, half the membership changed each year, fcnd the board was continuous Under those conditions it has become the custom of the boards to select their teachers early in the year, on the grounds that the teachers desired to know as early as possible what they might expect for the next year, and on the further ground that the old board was in a better position to know which of the old teaching force they desired to retain, than would new members. Under the provisions of section 179 Df the new law, the oid boards are wiped out, and a board of five mem jers to be selected at large takes their place. This provision leaves no con tinuing board, and provides an en tirely new organization for the con trol of the schools. The date of elec tion is also changed from that of the regular city election to the third Tuesday in June. In this selection of a complete new board is where the trouble is likely to show up. Old boards over the state ire following the usual custom, and making selections of the teaching force lor th» next school year, which will be entirely outside of their Juris diction. and an inquiry to Attorney Genera! Clark In regard to their rights brings a reference to an opin ion by Attorney General Pyle in 1899, in which he holdB: "The school year begins July 1 of each year, the board had the right to control and manage the schools would be prevented from tmploying such teachers. According ly it has been held that the school board, acting in good faith, can make a contract for the services of a teach »r where the term commences during the life of the board hiring such teach ers, but cannot make a contract for the teaching of a term which begins during the term of their successors." This construction would leave the leaching force in towns in the air un til after the new board assumes con trol practically would annul any con tracts made by present boards, and in case where the present board had se lected a toucher not satisfactory to the incoming board, it will open the way to serious tangles. PLAN ANTI-DIVORCE WAR. Bishop Hare and Other Clergymen Will Work for Favorable Vote on Law. A number of ministers and others interested in the presentation of the referendum divorce law at the fall election, met at Huron. The discus sion was quite animated and a com mittee was named to summarize and prepare facts for publication and dis tribution throughout the state. These are to be sent to the secretary of the committee. Dr. W. H. Thrall of Huron. The opinion prevailed that if the people of the state were made ac quainted with the facts as they ex ist concerning the present divorce matters in South Dakota, there would be no doubt as to the result at the ap proaching election. Bishop Hare of Sioux Falls stated that ninety-nine out of every one hun dred who came to Sioux Falls from other states, for the purpose of pro curing divorces, leave the state as soon as the decree is Issued. It was his opinion also that the people, if rightly informed of the facts, would unite in removing the stigma of di vorce that now attaches to the name of South Dakota. WILL NOT PART WITH STRIP. Cheyenne River Indians Will Hold Land Providing Way Into LeBeau. Indians at White Horse, Thunder Butte and Cherry Creek by telephone, who said they would agree to open a strip twelve miles wide along the northern border of the reserve, bring ing the open strip down to Le Beau, and also to give up the Schnasse county country, a tract of twenty townships in the northwest corner of the reservation, including Thunder Butte, did not Toice the prevailing sentiment. Since that time the coun cil of that reservation has held a meeting and will not agree to let go of the strip along the northern line. The Indians are willing to release the Schnasse county country, and want a special agent sent out from Washing ton for a conference before any action is taken toward opening any portion of the reservation. Will Build Briek Plant. The Mitchell Brick and Tile com pany is the name of a new company that has just been organised with a capital stock of $50,000 for the erec tion atad operation of a brick and tile ^factory at Mitchell. Loeal capital has Ifctan interested with Irving Dumm of dqPtanbus, Ohio, in the starting of the Industry, and work will commence on the erection of the plant within thirty days, the capacity of,which from the start wtQ be from 40,000 to 60,000 brick per day. In ana About the State NEW DREW TROUBLE. HOMESTEAD FILINGS IN BUTTE. Most Filings of Last Month In Rapid City and Belle Fourche Districts. The filing records of the three land offices at Pierre. Chamberlain and Rapid City, covering the country in South Dakota, west of the Missouri river show that for March 1,016 home stead filings were made, most of them being in the Rapid City district, cov ering the Rutte county country. This took up a total of lfi2,000 acres of government land for lie month. For the same time probably 50.000 acres more were taken through the desert land, and declaratory provisions of the land laws. For the same month final titles were taken by claimants in the same districts to 414 tracts through cash entries and final homesteads, the greatest number of cash entries being in the Chamberlain land district .se curing title to over 66,000 acres of land or more than three townships. Evidences of the class of people which are going into the western part of South Dakota at the present time is shown in the cars of emigrant goods which are going out. The March record at this city reached near the five hundred mark, and Chamberlain and Rapid City both had their share, while many more went out over the northern line of the Mil waukee to locate in northern Butte county. All of these cars mean ac tual settlers, and an examination of the cars as they go through show that nearly every one contains a number of milk cows and several crates of chickens. Another evidence of what class of people are going now was shown by the count on each coach on the passenger train west from here last evening. After the passengers had settled themselves, a count of the car showed twenty paid fares, and twenty-eight children too young to pay fare, and most of the paid fares were the mothers of the young broods, the fathers having gone out with the emigrant cars, and prepared for the coming of their families. This means actual settlers, and not merely a speculative movement to get cheap lands, then leave them. JOHN W. MARTIN, The reform candidate for mayor of Watertown. was elected on Tuesday. His opponent was Mayor Thomas, the present incumbent of the office. Mr. Martin, who twice before has been mayor of Watertown, had the support of the ministerial union and a young voters' league, two strong reform or ganizations. COLD PLUNGE 3AVES LIFE. While striving to rescue the hat of a woman friend, Amos Schook, a well known resident of Lyman county, nearly lost his life. Desiring to make a visit to Ameri can Island, Schook and two women friends decided to make their way over the railroad bridge, which is composed of trestle work. They had proceeded only a short distance when they heard the rumble of an ap proaching train. Realizing that time was not to be lost Schook hurried the two women to the outer edge of the bridge and ordered them to seat themselves on the extreme outer ends of the ties. He seated himself beside them. The train, upon rushing by them, formed a suction which drew the hat from the head of one of the women. Schook partially arose and grabbed for the hat which was floating nearly against the rapidly moving train. The next instant he was struck a violent blow on the head by the step of one of the cars. He was made unconscious and was knocked off the bridge into the river. The cold water speedily revived him and his overcoat and heavy clothing kept him afloat until he could make his way to shore. When he reached shore he was near ly exhausted, but bis cold plunge had saved his life. CLAIM8 COUNTY 8EAT. The people of Presho are enthusi astic over the result of their efforts in circulating petitions asking for a vote on county seat removal from Oacoma to Presho. They have 1,560 names on the petition which they are presenting to the county commission ers, and with only a vote of 1,800 at the last general election, they think they have not only enough names to assure the question being submitted, but enough to guarantee them a fa vorable vote at the election In No vember. tPENALTY IS THREATENED. State Census Superintendent De mands More Prompt Returns. Doane Robinson, superintendent of census, has returned from a trip to the southern part of the state where he went to look into the question of neglect in making the proper sta tistical returns to the department. On investigation he found that the cause of the delay and neglect is generally on the part of justices of the peace, who fail to make a return of the cer tificates filed with them. In some cases no returns have been made at all, and in many cases there is delay in tfle work. He is investigating, and if he finds that the neglect or delay is wilful on the part of the officials he intends to apply the penalty provided by the vital statistical law, iu such cases, and to find if it is not possible to get a more prompt service. AFTER MARKET HUNTERS. Men Who Follow Game North and South Are Alleged Law Violators. In the belief that professional mar ket hunters have commenced opera tions at Lake Andes, Charleft Mite ounty^ the game warden of that coun ty and the true sportsmen of that part af the state who do not want the law violated are maintaining the utmost vigilance in the hope that the profes sional hunters who are supposed to have appeared at the lake may be caught red handed and made to suf fer the full penalty of the law. It is claimed that these professional mar ket hunters follow the spring flight of fowl from the Gulf of Mexico to Can ada, and from Canada to the gulf, each hunter in a single season kill ing and shipping thousands of the fowl. With them hunting is not a sport, but a business. DISCUSS MORAL REFORMS. Charities and Corrections Delegates Meet at Redfleld. At the South Dakota state confer ence of charities and corrections, which held its annual session at Red field, addresses were made by Presi dent H. K. Warren of Yankton college on needed legislation Dr. Thomas Nicholson of Dakota Wesleyan uni versity on "Some Fundamental Fac tors in Moral Reform Dr. F. M. Crain presented a paper on "Tubercu losis" and Prof. Q. W. Nash of the Northern normal school addressed the conference on "True Philanthropy vs. False Philanthropy." In the afternoon the principal speakers were Charles M. Stevens of Aberdeen, Judge G. S. Robinson of Des Moines an penal re form, and Bishop Hare of Sioux Falls on the divorce problem. LARGER ACREAGE LEASED. State Land Returns Show Bigger De mand for Tracts for Rent. The lease returns being made by he different counties to the state land iepartment show a healthy demand for state lands this year. In Butte county where a short time ago no at tempt was made to lease lands, the report shows eighty-five sections aken. In Brookings county some of the leases went as high as $1.50 an acre a year for hay lands. The re ports generally from all the counties show an increased demand for the land with better prices for the leases, and the result will be a larger reve nue from leases than in former years. LOST— CARLOAD OF CATTLE. Unloaded for Feeding, 8tock Is Miss* Ing In the Morning. That a carload of thirty-four cattle could drop out of existence in a night and leave no trace to tell what be came of them seems incredible, and yet such a case has kept two Minne apolis & St. Louis detectives busy in Watertown for four days. Monday night a carload of cattle was unloaded in the local stockyards for feeding during the night. In the morning not a trace of the bunch was to be found nor has a clue yet been found leading to the solution of the mystery. TO BE BANNER GAME SEASON. Migration of Ducks and Geese Is Heaviest in Hunting History. Sportsmen say that not for years has the spring migration of ducks and geese been anvwhere near so large as it is this year. The flocks are larger and there are more of them. Not for twenty years, since the country was settled up around Watertown, has there been the prospects for game that exist now. The Troeh boys, in two hours, bagged eighteen geese and twenty ducks from a field two miles south of Watertown. The Overworked Muse. The poet once penned triolet* To buy his sweetheart violets. They later wed And then the muse wrote dainty odes To purchase dresses in the modes, So it is said. A welth of babies came along And now the grind is pretty strong For the poor muse. Which has te turn out street ear ads To buy grub for endless tadsi, Also their shoes. LOCATORS VICTIMIZE MANY. Land Commissioner Seeks to Stamp Out Evil. While the present inrush of settlers into South Dakota has resulted in se curing good homes lor many, some of the evils attending the settling up of the country are now manifest. Probably the most conspicuous of these is the unusual number of land sharps and would-be locators who have sucoeded in fleecing or deceiv ing the newcomers at "cut rates." Steps have been laken by United States Land Commissioner Roy Scott for the Camp Crook district to stamp out the evil, and to some extent he is succeeding. All along the Milwaukee railroad the small towns are infested with organized gangs of these fake locators who are finding many victims. Every incoming train is boarded from the moment it crosses into South Dakota by the sharps, and hundreds of mis locations have been the esult of trusting in their "judgment." Mr. Scott sent out literature advising prospective settlers either to consult a United State commissioner or the lay of the land or to inform them selves first and make their own loca tions. In numerous instances old set tlers were asked for aid in making locations, and while they knew the land, their unfamiliarity with the sur veys caused trouble This now is causing the land offices a great amount of additional and troublesome work. So far as known, no attempt has been made by government agents or individuals to secure the punishment of false locators, and many a settler who thought he had located for a fee of $25 a choice piece of level land has found himself on a rocky knoll. Complete surveys of most of the laid in this section of the country were made last winter, and the in formation is here for the asking if the settlers take the trouble to learn. REDISTRICT COUNTY. Two New Commissioner Districts to Be Added to Pennington. The county commissioners of Pen nington county have decided to add two more districts to the county, mak ing a total of five in all. As the ap portionment of districts now stands there is no representation from that rapidly growing district btween Rapid City and the Missouri river, and the taxpayers demanded that tliev have commissioners. Petitions were pre pared in the county treasurer's office in Rapid City and promptly signed by almost all of the residents of the sec tion east of Rapid City. The law re quires that the new districts be cre ated when one-third of the legal vot ers petition the board, and the neces sary number is already passed, and all the petitions are not yet in. Wall and Scenic, two of the new towns along the North-Western's Pierre line, will be the principal towns benefited by the move. WARNS COUNTRY EDUCATORS. Wisconsin "U" Professor Deplores Mechanical Training of Pupils. More than 1f0 school teachers of Lawrence county attended the annual institute which this year was the largest that ever has been held in the county. Supt. A. H. Bigelow of the Lead schools conducted the insti tute and some speakers of national prominence were present. One of the ablest addresses was by Prof. M. N. O'Shea of the University of Wiscon sin. who declared that no education at all is far better than the mechani cal training so frequently found to day in the schools of the country. The latter, he claimed, unfits a child for the problems of life and robs it of any individuality it may otherwise possess. Miss Ida C. Bender of Buffa lo, N. Y., spoke on "Primary Work and the Necessity of a Good Founda tion." "JUGGED" STILL THEY LOAF. Deadwood Tries Street Work for Ho boes, but Gives It Up in Disgust. What to do with the horde of tramps that for weeks have been in festing the city of Deadwood is a problem with which the city authori ties are now wrestling. Many of the "bums" were attracted through the opening up of new lands south and north of there, and all seem to have made Deadwood their loafing place. The police have been kept busy ar resting offenders several times over, and warnings to leave town have no effect. Street work was tried, but the men proved BO idle that it was given up in disgust, and the city now has a number of human "white elephants" on its hands with no ap parent way out of the difficulty. CALL FOR WARRANTS. A Half Million Taken Up Since First of March. The state treasurer has issued a call for $225,000 of state general fund warrants for the tenth of this month. This makes over a half million dol lars of such warrants taken up since the first of March, and brings the out standing warrant debt down to ap proximately $50,000, with a possibil ity of yet another small call of war rants from the receipts of the March call. Pass Worthless Checks. Clinton. Iowa, April 12.—"Worthless check" grafters have been unusually active in this section of the state dur ing the last week, and every day or two a check of the bogus description is passed Into a local bank for collec tion. SOUTH DAKOTA IS IN TAFKOLUMM Republican Convention Names Eight Delegates to Nation* al Convention. IS A UVELY Resolution Favoring Nomination of Sec retary Taft Is Adopted by Acclamation. The Republican state convention to name eight delegates to the national convention at Chicago was in session at Huron less than five hours and was one of the most exciting and intensely interesting of any convention ever held in this state. Every county was represented by a full quota of dele gates. There were 222 1-2 stalwarts and 266 1-2 progressive votes. The stalwarts, who are followers of Senator A. B. Kittredge, and the pro gressives, adherents of Gov. Coe I. Crawford, were fully organized. When the first show of strength was made Hamlin county gave four votes to the stalwarts and Spink county gave ten votes to the progressives. Frank McNulty of Roberts county was made temporary chairman and M. J. Chaney of Clay county perma nent chairman, with W. E. Sweeney of Lyman as secretary. All went smoothly until the report of the resolutions committee was pre sented. Then the stalwarts objected to the resolution indorsing Gov. Craw ford's candidacy for United States senator and commending his adminis tration of state affairs. District Issue Is Made. Effos*8 were made to outgeneral the progressives in the adoption of this resolution and some strong speeches were made. Finally a motion prevail ed dividing the resolutions so that a vote on that portion referring to Gov. Crawford would be had before taking a vote indorsing Secretary Taft for president. Th« roll was called and Crawford was indo Bed by 2661-2 against 222 1-2. Then that part of the resolu tion favoing the nomination of Secre tary Taft for president was adopted by acclamation. Other resolutions, adopted without objection, favored: The policies of President Roosevelt. Protection of American industries. Revision o the tariff schedules to in clude the placing of lumber, coal and iron, and also articles manufactured and controlled by trusts or monopolies on the tree list. Asking for the enlargement of the powers of the interstate commerce commission with absolute power to fix and establish rates on interstate traffic and public service operations and empowering the commission to prosecute trusts and monopolies. Requiring public service corpora tions to keep uniform system of ac counts to be open to inspection of the interstate commerce commission at all times. The establishment of state railway commissions and assessment boards for states. Enactment of a law providing for the power of granting temporary in junctions. Enactment of an employers' liabili ty law. National graduated income tax. Tax on inheritances. Gov. Crawford briefly acknowledged the honor shown him. Delegates te Chicago. Delegates to the national conven tion are: Gov. Coe I. Crawford of Huron, E. L. Senn of Oacoma, K. O. Strand of Howard, A. W. Ewart of Pierre, C. H. Dillon of Yankton, A. L. Lockbart of Clear Lake, R. C. Grimahaw of Dead wood, P. H. O'Neal of Faulkton. Alternates—C. J. Anderson of Au rora, C. H. Lavery of Stanley, C. W. Pratt of Charles Mix, George W. Mer ry of Grant, H. C. Alexander of Greg ory, O. S. Swenson of Minnehaha, Frank A. Brown of Brown, G. A. Hoff man of Walworth. A number of brief addresses were made, among the speakers being At torney General Ellis of Ohio. UNFORTUNATE FAMILY. Both Children Lost and Their Home Is Childless. Again sorrow has visited the family of James Flaugher of Sturgls. and un der somewhat similar circumstances, a second son has been called by death within a few weeks. Less than two months ago the Flaughers lost their oldest boy from appendicitis, the child dying within a few days of the attack. Now death has taken John, aged six years, after a three days' illness, with croup. The child was brought to the hospital at Deadwood, but was past medical aid. The Flaughers live on a ranch near Sturgis and are now left childless Camp at Land Office. John N. Spachman of SIsseton camped at the door of the United States land office at Aberdeen all night In order to be first to file on a canceled Indian allotment, and he won out. Another man, John W. Hines. jr., also of SIsseton, was the second man. He filed BO that in case any thing should be discovered which would deprive Spachman of his rigEl to file, Hines will be successor to the title. The land In question is In Rob erts oounty and Involves about 120 acres of good agricultural land. BRYAN INDORSED «Y DEMOCRATS South Dakota Democracy Sends Bryan Delegates to Denver Convention. JOHNSON MOVE FAILS im Resolutions Call for Abolition of Tariff on All Trust Controlled Articles. The Democratic state convention met at Mitchell last week, elected eight delegates to the national con vention and instructed them to vote for William Jennings Bryan for the presidential nomination. It was midnight before the conven tion finished its labors. At the open ing of the evening session a fight was' precipitated over the manner of choosing delegates. There was a di vision of opinion as to whether the districts should elect them or the con vention as a whole. On roll call the duty waB left with the districts. Col. W. A. Lynch of Huron was elected permanent chairman and Thomas Taubman secretary. S. A. Ramsey made the report on resolu tions, which were exhaustive and de clared in favor of the absolute aboli tion of the tariff on all trust-controlled articles, favored a graduated income and inheritance tax, favored a law compelling all foreign corporations to appear and stand trial before state courts, asked for the vigorous en forcement of the criminal law against trusts and magnates, urged tariff re form by the reduction of Import du ties, favored the instruction of the del egates of the convention to vote for the nomination of William Jennings Bryan first, last and all the time and for nobody else. The resolutions were adopted. 8tarted Johnson Move. Henry Volkmar of MUbank took the platform and started another fight over the positive instructions for Bryan, urging that the convention should permit the delegates to have a second choice. He offered an amend ment to the effect that the delegates be instructed for Bryan so Ion gas his name is before the convention and then to uBe their best judgment in se lecting a second candidate. When pressed for a second choice Volkmar named Gov. Johnson, of Minnesota. A dozen speeches were made against Johnson, and Senator Pettigrew took the platform and denounced the at tempt to create the flrBt break in the solid support fir Bryan. Volkmar's amendment was defeated practically unanimously. Two other resolutions were present ed and adopted. One was for the in dorsement of Andrew E. Lee for the nomination of governor and the other was to the effect that it was the sense of the convention that no nomination should be made for United States sen ator at the June primaries. The following delegates and alter nates were elected to the Denver con vention F. M. Ziebach of Gregory and C. M. McCullom of Gregory for the First district, R. F. Pettigrew of Minnehaha and F. I. Pixley of McCook for the Second district, Andrew F. Foley of Watertown and William Madden of Hamlin county for the Third, Edward E. Leehan of Mitchell and Zacht Sut ley of Lyman county for the Fourth, Dr. H. J. Rock of Aberdeen and John Parrott of Day county for the Fifth, Judge David Moore and Frank Tracey of Ipswich for the Sixth, Frank M. Stewart of Custer county and A. J. Colgan of Edgemont for the Seventh, W. L. McLaughlin of Deadwood anfl J. D. Hale of Meade county tor the Eighth. The following committees were ap pointed at the afternoon session: Credentials—Fred Rowe, John Hale, H. P. Cooley, J. P. Hamaker, J. P. Croal, William Boehmer, Lewis Stock old, John P. McElroy, Charles May. Resolutions—S. A. Ramsey, Henry Volkrnan, E. Alexander, Charles Bast man, Frank Tracey, A. H. Olson, El M. Doyle, R. P. Pettigrew, Hugh Smith. Permanent Organization-— W. J. Healey, Brown, Simmons, Wade, Thompson. Read Dime Novels. Because he found the reading of dime novels far too attractive to at tend school, and through his Wild West notions became incorrigible, Ethan McNabb, aged eleven, was com mitted to the state training school by Judge Bennett in the county court at Deadwood. Young McNabb, with some equally youthful companions, secured a cave near town and preferred living there to the home of his parents. lie was accused of numerous petty mischiefs and the court decided that he needed better care than be could get in Dead wood. Keeping Up Land Rush. There was no abatement in March of the rush for land In the vicinity of Rapid City, and the records of the land office at that place return large figures. There were 707 original en tries, 56 desert entries, 10 reservoir, 1 coal, 17 soldiers' entries, making a to tal of over 126,000 acres appropriated by original entry. There were also 89 cash entries, 14 final entries and 2 final desert proofs, making a grand to tal of 897 entries, embraaing 143, 048.69 acres around Rapid City for the month.