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TWELFTH LEGISLATIVE SESSION Week's Doinfi of Our Body of Law Maker* at the Capital City Pierre, Feb. 20—The tight be gan eight years ago for good roads by Representative Parmley of Ipswich cnlminated in the first ad vance, in the passage through both houses of the Issenhuth-Bruce good roads bill. The bill, while not ideal in any respect, because it had to please too many people be fore it arrived in its final form, is a great improvement in our pres ent road law, and embraces many advanced ideas as the county unit, and an optional county engineer. Advices from Washington that we are to have a third congress man, have started congressional apportionment talk. Whiting of Woonsocket would divide the state into three districts. No. 1. All east of the Missouri and north of a line projected west to the river from the south line of Brookings. (285,000 people). No. 2 All south of this line and east of the river. (213,000). No. 3 All west of the Missouri (160,000). Each district is compact and intracommunica tive. The Perkins apportionment bill, introduced the middle of the ses sion, smoked out the first of the week, has finally been dropped. The joint committee apportion ment bill came in on Saturday. It uses a 6500 unit for representa tives and 13,000 for representa tives. The location of thirteen representatives and three senators are changed. There are 103 house members and 45 senators. Union* Clay. Yankton, Bon Homme, Hutchinson, Turner, Lincoln, Min nehaha, Kingsbury, Brookings, Day, Roberts, and Lawrence each lose one representative. Charles Mix, Beadle, Brown, Gregory, Meade, Tripp, Hand, Corson, Dewey gain one, Perkins two, and Hamlin-Deuel one at large house members. Three senators are lost on the east side of the river by creating new districts. Hanson, McCook, Aurora, Douglas, Min er, Sanborn, Jerald, Buffalo, Brule Bamlin, Deuel, Stanley, Harding, Perkins, Tripp and Mellete each gain one. This apportionment will undoubtedly be changed con siderably before finally adopted. The Bigelow school code lost after three days of discussion on the floor, 38-61. The measure grew during the session and was considered much more favorably at the day of its final passage than at any previous time. Every member of the house educational committee fought for it on the floor. Just prior to final roll call, a motion by Hursh for indefinite postponement, met instant disap probation, and Vercoeand Tschner called it a "dastardly and coward ly trick." The Curtiss ballott bill-, the hard est fought measure of the session finally passed the house, and upon signing will be the law. A news paper lobby was here for a week lighting it. The vote was 76-20. The land lease code, authorized by feist fall's constitutional amend ment, passed both houses during the week. In the house Gardner attempted to strike out the clause mi&ing a minimum rental of $2 per acre without success. The electric headlight bill, turn ed down by the people at the last election, passed the house after a very lively debate, in which Mc Master of Yankton in a very able fpeech urged the members to abide by the wishes of the people, and Tscharner affirmed that the people bad not voted intelligently on the *fneasure. Gardnet% biH, indemnifyinff cwner* of hones killed for glan ders passed the house with a fifteen thousand dollar appropriation. This measure has been presented at every legislature since state hood and this is the first time that it has passed either body. The senate passed the South Da kota retail merchant's association's bill, whereby merchant is enabled to garnishee 2ii per cent of the wages of a deadbeat who refuses to pay his bills, for necessities of life purchased. The Bartine freight bill passed the senate with no opposition. The railway commissioners are very much opposed to the bill, sayiug that it is not drawn up on scien tific principles, and would increase rates, rather than lower them in many instances. It is likely that the house will kill it. The old soldiers are very much opposed to the Wyman-Morrissey Johnson bill taking the control of the soldier's home out of the hands of the old soldiers and vesting it in a younger board. The bill fol lows the recommendations of the investigating committee who found the old soldier board inadequate to administer the affairs of the home. The Most Popular Play "Barriers Burned Away" which comes to the Grand opera house, March 4, is a dramatization of one of the most famous novels of the century. In selecting this as his latest book to dramatize, George Middleton, the playwright, who made the dramatizations of "The House of A Thousand Candles" and "Rosalind at Red Gate", has pick ed a story that will undoubtedly make one of the most popular plays of the decade. The story first appeared as a se rial story in the New York Evan gelist in 1872, it was first issued in book form ten years later and the first year's sale of the novel was ovar 100,000 copies. Its wonder ful success led E. P. Roe the novel ist, to adopt story writing as a profession. The plot of the play and boon is simple yet intensely interesting: Dennis Fleet finds that the sup port of his mother and the young er children devolving upon him, after the death of his father. Seek ing work in Chicago, he finds it impossible to secure a position suited to his social rank and edu cation. After many hard experi ences, he was hired to shovel snow in front of a fine art shop where he afterwards becomes a porter. Though he cheerfully performs the humblest duties, his superiority to them is evident. His employer Mr. Ludolph, a rich and money loving German, finds him valuable enough to be made a salesman. Mr. Ludolph is a widower, having an only daughter Christine, with whom Dennie falls in love. She treats him contemptuously at first, but soon discovers his trained tal ent for music and art. He rises above the slights he receives, and makes the impression of a noble man in disguise. Then follows an estrangement and reconciliation, through her love for Dennis* Chris tine is converted from Atheism. The "Barrier", Christine's wealth is burned away when the Chicago fire wipes out all her father's pro perty, and at the finish of the play Christine and Dennis are prepared to build their fortunes again with two greatest foundations, faith and love. The Gaskell, MacVitty & Car penter Co., have supplied the play with a mounting that is said to be a credit to the author's fame and story. The Mid of the third act showing the beginning of the Chi cago tire, being a scene of wonder ful realism. You can bornm that foa Med of the Bielslri Farm Loan Oft* of PhiKp. New Bank of Philip BUg. VOL. V. NO. 61 PHILIP, STANLEY COUNTY, S. D., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1911 IRTICIE 01 UfilA CUE William James, of Dorchester, Nebr., Gives Interesting In formation on this Subject There are no lands on our farm too valuable on which to plant it, and none from which greater re turns will come for the care and expense of harvesting with ordi nary care and under ordinary con ditions it will yield from three to four crops and from three to five tons of hay per acre each year, with which we can feed our horses cattle and poultry. There are men blinded by ignorance, prejudice, or both, who say that it is not fit hay for horses to eat, but the same men will spend their hard earned money for prepared stock foods and high-priced condition powders. We do not claim for it all of the good and none of the bad, but we do claim that for a protein-pro ducing plant it stands in a class of its own without a peer, and with out a rival worthy of the name. Some may say that the time will come when the alfalfa business will be over done and that it will be a drug on the market. There is no more danger of having an over production of alfalfa than there is of corn or cotton. The south wants alfalfa bay and the east wants it bad, get busy the time will soon be here when hay will be a staple shipping com modity as grain and live st ck. It will pay to grow alfalfa for the fertility it adds to the soil, even if you never cut a crop of hay, or use it once as pasture think of what it adds to the soil, according to the learned chemist of the de partment df agriculture, alfalfa at THE BAD RIVER NEWS Alfalfa is the oldest forage plant only obtains its food from far he known to man. It is not particular low the root range of ordinary about climatic differences or lack crops, but leaves the surface store of moisture- Yielding a fair crop "for shallower freeders. The effect with rainfall as low as fourteen of alfalfa on the soil has been fully inches on the arid plains of Ne-1 demonstrated by plowing up the braska, Kansas as well as the alfalfa and sowing into other crop Dakotas. It also flourishes in the corn, wheat and potatoes. The gulf states where sixty-five inches increased crops are phenomenal, of water falls in a year. Crops of showing that the alfalfa had it* QPA QiinnncfnlliT ivnAmn .1 1 it are succesfully grown in Mexico nourished whore the elevation is 8,000 feet, the Held above the sea level and flourished with phenomonal success in Salton basin, sixty-five feet below the ocean tides. Nebraska grows it on her hills without plowing as does Nevada with her sage-brush deserts It flourishes on the rich corn lands and fertile valleys of Mississippi and Missouri. Containing as it does, from ten to eighteen percent of protein, as much as there is in modern process bran, re can readi ly determine its value by figuring with the miller. If bran will cost us fifteen dollars per ton properly cut, cured and stacked, alfalfa is worth the same. There is no place where alfalfa will grow better or where it is more appreciated than in the great corn bell states. Com and alfalfa are each dependent on the other to make a balanced ration, by whose use we safely defy all competition in the production of beef, pork, mutton and poultry. We have no plant with which to compare it, either in its drought- resisting abi lity or in its tonnage of yield. Its roots go down unchecked by hard pan until they find moisture suffi cient to immune it against drought Its top goes to furnish forage for our stock and lift the mortgage from our farm. Alfalfa has come to stay, each year it spreads its dominion into new fields, each year there are planted thousands of acres in new localities, with re sults which far exceed the highest hope of the experimenter.. two years of age adds to each acre over one hundred dollors worth of fertility in nature's most essential plant food, phosphoric acid and potash. When alfalfa is once started it sends its root into permanent mois ture. this unusual penatrating pow er is of unusual agricultural im portance, the alfalfa thereby not the soil. To prepare alfalfa in the corn belt, and where there is plenty of rainfall, 1 would prefer seeding in the spring oats. After harvesting oats in the usual way. plow the ground five to seven inches deep, harrow as fast as plowed, about the fifteenth of August, disk and harrow again, making a good seed bed. next harrow cross wise with the harrow teeth straight and either ride or weight the harrow, leaving your field marked as though it had been drilled, so with a hand seeder giving another light har row iug across the mark, the weed season is over by this time and the alfalfa will go to quite a heighth and go into winter well rooted. On arid land where it is extremely dry I would recommend that it be summer plowed to retain the moisture and sow twenty pounds of seed to the acre, seed as above, but sow as early in the sjiHBg w other crops and without nurse-crop. The selection of seed is a matter that often must be left to the honesty and judgment of another, as it is not always possible to get seed grown in our 1 calit,y and for that reason we should be carefull of whom we buy. Seed shipped in from the south is dear at any price, imported or foreign seed is worse than none, the north ern seed or that grown in any climate similar to our own is the best, Nebraska, Kansas, Wyoming Montana and Utah grow annually a large quantity of seed of excel lent quality and ideal for planting. It is not eecessary for alfalfa land to be rich and fertile. Being legume, alfalfa has the power of getting its supply of nitrogen from the air, and as its roots go far be low the previous crop it will find nourishment in land that is prac tical!# worn out for corn or wheat. William James, Dorchester, Neb., Written for the C. $z N. W. Ry. Card of Thanks We wish to express our heart felt thanks to the neighbors and friends who so kindly assisted in the late illness and death of our beloved husband and father, and we wish to especially thank the Catholic ladies for their beautiful floral offering. Mrs. E. M. Merrigan, Will Merrigan, Miles Merrigan, Church Will Be Built Work will probably be begun within a few days on the first church building in Faith, it being the hope of the m«n at the helm to have the new edifice ready for thr holding of services by a week from Sunday. Rev. Oscar B. Tell of Philip, who is conducting the special ser vices in this city at present, is pushing the church building pro position, believing that $500 will complete the payments on the lots and erect a small huiiding. Mr. Fell is a Presbyterian, !ut church I people of all denomination* are helping him. The chinch society has two lots at the corner of Sec ond street and East First avenue. Large crowds have been attend ing the special meetings being held nightly in tin* lVrkiin building. Next Sunday evening the service will be held in the new Sn.yder Slioetnaker theatre, the free use of which has been tendered the church by the theatre management. In his mode of preaching Mr. T«*|| reminds his hearers of "Billy'' Sunday, startling statements being made when least expected. "Ser vices will close promptly at 8:30 tomorrow evening," the minister announced Sunday, "so those who care to do so can go to the dance. There is no use in my telling you the dance hall is on the road to hell for you would go anyway."— The Faith. The Tariff on Wheat Watertown Public Opinion: For these many years past the American farmer has been told by the high tariff advocates that the price of his wheat is directly affect ed by the tariff. The argument has been a bluff from start to fin ish, yet it has been lodged in the mind of the farmer to such an ex tent that it has been a powerful in fluence in determining his political conclusions. Jim Hill put into concise Eng lish and exact truth when he stated in Chicago at a recent banquet: A tariff on wheat never had and never can have the slightest effect one way or the other on the farm vaiue of wheat in the United states." Yet the old bogy has been held up before the farmers in support of the high tariff principle time 1 John Merrigan. .•* ..... No one should feel grieved be cause people are moving out of Stanley county. Where one goes two come, and very frequently the one that goes comes back- The American citizen is like unto the ocean tides, ever flowing and ebb ing. The old ocean keeps up its ceaseless throbbing. Its tides are its heartbeats like the human blood coursing through the veins and arteries. This moving spirit is the life of the nation. It is one of the circulating mediutns. It builds railroads and cities, it opens up new countries, and new pro jects for the money maker. Let 'em travel. 4 1 Grand Opera House! Saturday, March 4 The Dramatic Success of the Season Gaskell-Mac Vitty-Carpenter Co. (Inc.) Offer "Barriers Burnett Away" By George Niddleton FROM E. P. ROE'S CELEBRATED NOVEL 3,000,000 People Have Read The Story!:: The Play is Better Than the Book:: This Management Produced "A House of a Thousand Candles": i ONE DOLLAR A YEAR JfYour if it is worth doing at all, it's worth do ing well. First classwork at all times is our motto. Let us figure with you on your next job. after time. It has been dragged out of the closet in many an emer gency, and even now, when re ciprocity with Canada is pending, it is again brought forth and thrown on the screen again to frighten the producing agriculture ist. Mr. Hill knows what he is talk ing about. The tariff does not make the price of wheat, and re ciprocity will not either make nor unmake the price of this impor tant farm cereal. The old argument for years has been used as a big bluff. Mr. Hill has had the courage to call. 1 WANTED to exchange clean, up to date stock of clothing, gents furnishings, dry goods, shoes and notions for a 100 acres of Stanley County land of good quality in voice about $4000 00 rent low in good location in south Minneapo lis or stock could be moved away if desired. Address No. 211-W. 34TH, St., Minneapolis, MB Warrant Call Stanley county general fund warrants are called for payment up to and including Register num ber 8107 except 800l. Enoch McKay, Treasurer, Stanley County.