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f ublished every Thursday at TAZEWELL, VA., ??T? WILLIAM C. PENDLETON, Editor and Proprietor. SUBSCRIPTIONS. Republican, one year, cash in advance . . $ 1 00 Subscriptions on time. 1 50 Republican and N. Y. Tribune, one year, . 1 25 ADVERTISING RATES f?rnished on applica? tion. Correspondence solicited. The publishers of Thi Republican are not re? sponsible for opinions expressed by Correspon? dents. The Republican is entered at the Post-office at Tazewcll, Virginia, as second-class matter. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1897. PRESIDENT M'KINLEY'S MESSAGE. We do not publish the message of Presi? dent McKinley to Congress at JJ^. present seesion. It is too lengthy for the ordinary weekly newspaper to produce in its col? umns. It is a vigorous but conservative address and is full of information as well as purpose. A large portion of the mes? sage is occupied in discussing the currency question. Mr. McKinley handles that question in an able, bold and convincing manner. There is no doubt as to the po? sition he occupies. He is decidedly favor? able to a sound and safe currency and is unmistakably on the side of sound mone? tary reform. The Cuban question is treated more largely than any other in the message. His presentation of our dealings with Spain is done in admirable style, and shows that it has been the purpose of the administra? tion to secure relief for the suffering people of Cuba without involving this country in ?war with Spain. In this policy the Presi? dent has met with considerable success. By the employment of moral forces he has obtained from Spain moi"e important con? cessions than have been granted since the war began in Cuba. This has been accom? plished without anythieat or effort to bully Spain. The President advises the ratification of the treaty with Hawaii for annexing that island to the United States, and on the question of civil service he is in favor of taking no steps backward. Many other subjects are well aud fully treated in the message. Upon the whole the document is one which cannot be said to be non-committal on any question it discusses. It is a frank, bold paper and yet a message of peace. It is for peace and prosperity at home and peace and ar bitratipirabroad. - IT ALL COMES FROM FRAUDULENT ELECTIONS. From the time the method of controlling the machinery of government by debauch? ing men with money and promises of of? fice was first introduced, public morals have been steadily declining in this State. The great body of the people of Virginia are perfectly well intentioned and honest. Guileless themselves it never enters intr their heads to suspect that any of theii public men are dishonest The Times found out, nearly four years ago, to its amazement, that the public service in Vir? ginia was falling into disrepute to ar alarming degree, and it raised its voice ic solemn warning to the people against what it said was coming on them. Its warnings were unheeded and its counsels were scoffed at. But even the most incredulous are now beginning to see that The Times was justified in what it said and that something must be done to arrest the couise of public decadence, or Virginia will Eoon become as badly debauched as some of her North? ern sisters have become. The effectual measure for cutting the cancer out of the body politic is to bring fraudulent elections to an end. That is the fruitful source of all the corruption. That is the njxious spring from which all the poisoned waters flow. The man in of? fice by fraudulent elections bends all his energies to corrupt every thing, that he may stay in office by fraudulent elections. That is the point to be attacked.?Richmond Times. Here is an admission from a Democratic PaP^4feat 'the public service in^Tfgifiia'i& ~ 'being debauched by the party in power. Perhaps the party has found it necessary " to resort to fraudulent elections to conceal the dishonesty which The Times intimates has been prevailing. If fraudulent elec? tions were brought to an end it might re? sult in bringing to fight the decadence that exists in the public service in Virginia. ALASKA AND HAWAII. '.'hen Mr. Seward purchased Alaska for Tnited States it was considered by -vUiy persons a bad investment and wrong olicy. No great time had elapsed until it as demonstrated that the purchase was ise in every way. Since the immense old finds in that section the United States would part with it more reluctantly, per? haps, than any part of its territory. We find the same kind of objections being urged against the annexation of Hawaii that were raised against the purchase of Alaska. It is too remote, it is not con? nected with any other territory of the United States, its population is not of a Mesix^ble chaiacter &c. If Hawaii is an these objections will be brushed ust as those against the acquisition ,ka were, after it became a part and of the United States. WOMAN'S RIGHTS RESPECTED. In a recent trial at Stroudsburg, Penn., iss Edith Custard was jbl witness. An 'orney asked Miss Custard the usual 'stion: "What is your age?" She re I, lI may be 30 for all you know. My - nothing at all to do with the case, 'iiase to tell you." , Albright, the trial judge, sustained less, holding that the lady's answer ?ion was an appropriate one. Who will now say that the cause of Wom? an's Rights is not advancing? EXPLANATION. In our editorial column last week we prematurely announced the Jeath of the mother of President McKinley. We were led into the error by seeing telegrams in several of our exchanges telimg that she had died. The Richmond Times and Roa noke Times were also misled in the mat? ter. <?> The newspaper head line, "Wages Re? duced," stares us in the face quite often nowadays during these piping times of Mc? Kinley "prosperity."?Roanoke World. For every time the World sees tbe head line, "Wages Reduced," staring it in the face it can see ten times the head line, "Wages Advanced," smiling beautifully, unless the World stubbornly turns its face I away and refuses to look at the proclama? tions of McKinley prosperity. The corruption that has been brought to light by the investigations of certain charges against members of the Sons of Confederate Veterans, and those against Hon. J. N. Stubbs, grand commander of the Grand Camp of Wirginia, will do more barm than would the continued use of the school history that the original trouble be? gan about. A New York Magistrate has decided that a bicycle is a necessity and not a lux? ury. At this way of rating the necessitits of life a family-man, will soon be unable to supply his family with the necessaries. There is some talk of another prize fight taking place between Fitzsimmons and Corbett. The sporting fraternity will never be contented until a meeting takes place. ->???? One of the strongest proofs that Mr. McKinley's message is all right is the dis? approval of the document by several of the leading London newspapers. Henry George, Jr., was married all right notwithstanding there was a Hitch in the programme.?Richmond Times. And he is now hitched for life. -??? Dingley on Revenue. Dnring the debate on the pension bill in the House of Representatives last Friday Mr. Sims, of Tennessee, expressed the opinion that the Dingley law would not supply sufficient revenue far the increas? ing expenditures. These remarks drew out Mr. Dingley's statements regarding the prospective reve? nues and expenditures for the coming fis? cal year. Preliminary to :the statement, Mr. Dingley gave a new interpretation of the-estimated increase in pension expendi? tures, contending that the maximum was reached in 1S93, when the pension pay? ments reached $159,000,000. In 1S94 they fell to $141,000,000; 1S95, $141,000,000; 1S96, $139,000,000, and in 1S97, $141,000,000. If the expenditures for pensions during the next fiscal year should be $140,000,000, as hac been esti? mated, the increase, Mr. Dingley said, would not be due to new legislation, but to more rapid administration of the pres? ent laws. It would, therefore, involve no additional expense in the end. The question as to the revenues and ex? penditures for the next fiscal year, con? tinued Mr. Dingley, was a practical one which Congrees had to face. The state? ment of the Secretary of the Treasury, he said, had caused much misapprehension owing to the fact that under a new pro? vision of law he had been obliged to in? clude in the estimates of expenditures $73, 000.000 for public works which neither he nor the Secretary of War, nor any other well-informed person believed would be expended. Cc unting this the estimated deficit, he said, will be $21,000,000. He said^he violated no confidence when he said that the Secretary of the Treasury and the President were confident that the receipts next year would exceed the ex? penditures. Mr. Dingley said he took it for granted that Congress would exercise reasonable economy. It was not expected that the expenditures for public works next year would exceed $30,000,000. Continuing, Bfo "Bihgiey I.P,imPxLout the.fjjct_that_the actual cost of the administration of the Government, the ordinary expenses per capita, had remained about stationary for many years. The cost was about $2.50 per capita. At the present time the expenditures were slightly in excess of ?5, but $2 per capita went for pensions and about 50 cents for interest on the public debt. The estimate of the Ways and Means commit? tee had been that the tariff law, with other receipts would bring in an income of 5 1-8 dollars per capita, and Mr Dingley de? clared that when the expenditures were brought within that limit there would be no difficulty. The estimated deficit for the present year, not counting the money obtained and to be obtained from tbe Pacific rail? road, was $28,000,000. The anticipatory importations had, Mr. Dingley] argued, placed in the Treasury before July 1, $38, 000,000. Those importations Lad reduced the de? ficit last year from $56,000,000 to $18,000, 000, inasmuch as tbe importations were for consumption this year, Mr. Dingley contended that m equity that sum ehould be properly charged to the receipts of the current year. If they were so charged, in? stead of a deficit, there would be a surplus this year of $10,000,000. figures out a surplus. Mr. Dingley figured out a surplus of ex? actly that amount ($10,000,000) for the com? ing fiscal year. He described the steady manner in which the revenues had been increasing at the rate of one or two millions a month. Although December was gener? ally a bad month for importations, he said, if the increase for the first nine days of this month were continued the receipts this month would increase from $25,000, 000 in November to $27,000,000 in Decem? ber. When he confidently predicted that the effect of the anticipatory revenues would all be overcome during this fiscal year, and that after May or Jane, 1898, tbe revenues would exceed the expenditures, the Republican side broke into repeated cheers. When pressed by Mr. Richardson (Dem., Tenn.) for an opiniou as to the time when the full effect ot the new scheudules would be made manifest, Mr. Dingley replied that the date must necessarily be proble? matical, but for practical purposes, Iook ing to the period when the revenues would be ample, he unhesitatingly fixed the end of this fiscal year. - Couplers and Air Brakes. Philadelphia Prcss.l The Interstate Commerce Commission has gone to the extreme limit of a wise discretion in extending for two years the limit for equipping freight cars with auto? matic couplers and air brakes. A far bet? ter course would have been to make an ex* tension for only one year. The demand made by the roads for a five-year exten? sion was preposterous. To grant it was practically to nullify the act passed live years ago. No railroad can claim that it has not re? ceived ample warning. It is now fifteen years since it began to grow clear that continuous brakes were inevitable for all traius, and that the link and pin coupler was not. only dangerous but wasteful. Humanity can stand waste and business can stand danger; but when both argu? ments exists against anything reform is certain. Ten years ago the Burlington tests and the adoption of a standard cou? pler settled the line of reform. From that hour all delay was both inhuman and bad business. It was the sort of economy which saves at the spigot and loses at the bunghole. Every line which delayed making this change was not only losing its own money by the delay but bring the money of eveiy other line which handled its cars. Five years ago, when Congress acted after debate extending through more than one Congress, four States i had already re? quired the reform. What for five yeare was an improvement and lor five yea.'S more an economy now became a necessity. Yet in five years the railroads of the coun? try have only put car couplers on 441 per cent, of the cars and airbrakes on but 3GA per cent. This share includes the big lines, and the big lines only. They have com? pleted their equipment. The lesser ones have trusted to luck and the commission. Unfortunately, as the freight cars of each road go over all the other lines on which it ships freight, the effect of the equipment of the big lines is neutralized by the lack of the lesser lines. The result is mixed trains, with cars part automatic coupler and part link and pin, part air? brakes and part the old-fashioned brakes. This is excessively dangerous, and the death of 2000 men a year, with 20,000 in? jured, tells how dangerous. For railroads with a plain law on the statute book to disregard its provisions, as over half have, was a mistake both of principle and policy. Capital asks much of the law and its pro? tection. The very least the managers and the owners of capital can do is to give thejlaw implicit obedience. The Interstate Commerce Commission should make it perfectly clear that every line two years hence will be held to a rigid accountability. "Blame William McKinley, Jr." There is a sound and cheerful basis of fact in Colonel W. F. Bend's humorous reply to the firm that complained that he was not furnishing coal as quickly as the terms of his contract demanded. "Don't blame me," said the Colonel; "I am do? ing the best that I can. Blame William McKinley, Jr. He promised us prosper? ity, and he is giving such a lot of it that the cars cannot carry it. Every freight car is working over time, and I have to take, not as many as I want, which I could do at any time during Cleveland's admin? istration, but a3 many as I can get by close waiting upon every opportunity to capture an empty cat." Between wheat movement, coal move? ment, iron movement, lumber movement, and the shipment of agicultural machinery the rolling stock of the roads is kept busy. And there is no surer indication of pros? perity than the movement of freight. At least three-quarters of a million of men who were idle a year ago are at work to-day. The iron trade is phenomenally brisk. The Illinois Steel Company, though it is shipping 5,000 tons of finish ad pro? ducts per day, is behind with its orders. It is true most of the goods sent out are upon contracts made at low prices, but tbe wage rate is ample for comfortable exist? ence, though, of course, lower than during the wonderful year of 1892, in which many thousands of misguided wage earners "went in for swiping of the Tariff," and i>y~SG-doiL>g.swiped themselves out of work. The tide of prosperity 'has hoi yet reached the cotton and woolen industry, or at any rate has not yet come near the high water mark. But the great stocks of imported goods are diminishing steadily, and when they are depleted to normal conditions the textile trades will be as busy as the iron and steel trades.?Chi? cago "Inter-Ocean." PERSONAL MENTION. Tbe gold watch of Edgar Allan Foe is now in the possession of R. W. Albright, of Ft. Madison, la. Prince Pismarck's tenants present him every year with 101 plover's eggs on the anniversary of his birth. Hon. Kabster Street, the new Chief Justice of Arizona, was a county judge at Tombstone when that camp was the wild? est settlement in the West. Governor Frank Steunenberg, of Idaho, wrote the shortest Thanksgiving proclama? tion this year and Governor Holcomb, of Nebraska, the longest. Commander Booth-Tucker, of the Sal? vation Army, expects that on next Mon? day night the mass meeting in Chicago in the interests of his colonization scheme will raise more money than the famous $30,000 meeting in New York on Novem? ber 30. Constipation Causes fully half the slckne?s in the world. It retains the digested food too long in the bowels and produces biliousness, torpid liver, indi Hood's I gestion, bad taste, coated b9^ bus tongue, sick headache, in- HU^ r 5 9 ? somuia, etc. Hood's Pills I 3^ cure constipation and aU its B m^?w results, easily and thoroughly. 25c. All druggists. Prepared by C. I. Hood & Co., Lowell, Mass. The only Pills to take with Hood's Sarsapariila, CHAPMAN & HURT, GENERAL INSURANCE AGENTS, TAZEWELL, VIRGINIA, Represent the following old reliable Fire Companies: Liverpool BndL ondon and Globe, Aetna Insurance Co. of Hartf >rd. Hamburg-Bremen, Georgia Home Ins. Co. of Columbus, Ga. Koyal Insurance Company of Liverpool, Virginia Fire and Marine Insurance Co. Hartford Fire Insurance Company, Virginia State Insurance Company, New York Underwriters' Agency, Petersburg Savings and Insurance Co. Home Insurance Company of New York, United States Insurance Co. of N. Y. North British and Mercantile. LIFE AND ACCIDENT. Mutual Life of New York, American Security Company of N. Y. Travelers' Ins. Co. of Hartford Conn. Lloyd's Plate Glass Company of N. Y. Policies written by them insure protection, indemnity and security to their holders. Losses paid ill Southwest Virginia over $35,000.00, every dollar of which M as paid without law-suit or controversy, octl CASTNER & CURRAN, General Agents for the Celebrated Pocahontas Smokeless Semi-Bituminous COAL Main Office: 328 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. BRANCH OFFICES: 1 Broadway, New York, Old Polony Building. Chicago, III. 70 Kilby Street, Boston, Mass., Neave Building, Cincinnati, O. Progress Building, Norfolk, Va., 4 Fehchurch Avenue, Ixmdon, England, Terry Building, Roanoke. Va. Here! In the next two weeks we desire to close out our en? tire stock of HOLI DAY GOODS consisting of Toys of all descriptions, Dolls of all kinds, Celluloid Goods, Albums, Leather Goods, Pictures, Silverware, Games and Novelties that will jjlease the young and old alike. We Mean Just What We Say. These goods must go regard? less of cost. ^_Why? Because we intend to give after the 1st of January next our entire attention to Groceries, of which we have a splendid and varied stock, and havn't room now to display it. Call on us before buy? ing Xmas presents. We guarantee that one hundred cents will buy one dollar's worth of goods. Thanking you for past patronage and wishing you a Merry Christmas. Yours respectfully, Peery & Dodd. Tazewell, Va. 5o,ooo Choice Dressed Turkeys. Between this and middle of March, 1898, to supply our trade, KREY, PRICE and CO., 933 La. Ave,, Washington, D. C. Commission Merchants. REFERENCES: Our Shippers and The Central National Bank, Washington, D.O. TAZEWELL COLLEGE .FOR. BOYS AN D GIR LS. Seventh Annual Session Opens September 7, 1897 .AND CLOSES. MAY 18, 1898. The Session just closed was most satisfactory to PUPILS, PATRONS AND IN' STR?CTORS. The enrollment this session exceeds that of any previous year?reaching 161, thus giving logical endorsement to the natural principle of co-education. The college will be continued under the same management. BOARD,ROOM,FUEL, LIGHTS PER SESSION, $90. Tuition. Literary Department ? 30.00 " Music " - 30.00 " " (in classes of two) cadi 20.00 Twenty per ct. discount on board if paid monthly in advance. You must bring with you one pair of sheets, blankets, towels and pillow cases. Loys' boarding department in the col? lege building, under the direct supervision of the president. Girls' boarding department near the college chapel with Mrs. J. N. Harman. For further information apply to A. A. FERGUSON, Principal, Tazewell, Va. J. B. CAUDILL, TAZEWELL, YA CO < cc \o h < < u DC 13. II. Witten. J II. Hibeitts. WITTEN &, HIBBITTS, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, GRUNDY VA. W. W. MOORE & CO, Tazewell, Va., Tin and Sheetiron Workers AND ROOFERS. ???GUTTERING a specialty. All kinds of Repairing done, Frices.reasonable and WORK GUARANTEED. ' 11-12,90. Dyeing and Cleaning Alice Johnson is prepared for cleaniug and dyeing all kinds of ladies and gentle? men's garments. You will tind her shop in the Belew property, Main Street, Taze? well, Va. Satisfaction guaranteed. ROBERT D. HUFFORD, M. D., PLiySiCiai^ & Surgeon TAZEWELL, VA. Will respond to all calls, day or night? by telegram or otherwise. (aug27 O. T. PATTON, BLACKSMITH CENERAl7-REPAIRER TAZEWELL, VIKGINIA. (Yost's Old Stand) Iam prepared to execute, at s^ori notice and on reasonable terms, all classes of iron work?horse shoeing, all kinds of repairing, etc. There is also connected with my estab? lishment a WCOD-WOEKJNG Depart? ment, under the control of J. 13. Crawford, where he is prepared to do everything per? taining to that branch. MRS, JENNIE LEWIS, (Residence?West End) Milliner and Dressmaker, TAZEWELL, VIRGINIA. Perfect fit guaranteed in every case and terms very reasonable. Fancy Mantels, Tile Hearths and Facings Artistically Arranged n Complimentary Colors. Perfect satisfaction guaranteed. Write for samples and references. E. C. JONES, Lock Box io. Graham, Ya, Clinch Valley Roller Mills. CEDAR BLUFF, VA., The Rest Equipped Mills in Southwest Virginia. Manufactures High grade Roller Flour and all kinds of Mill Feed. Our "IN I BLR" brand of Fancy Patent Flour is pronounced the best in tbe market. Our other celebrated brands are "LEADER," "XXXX FAMILY," "PRIDE OFT1IE VALLEY," and "RISING SUN." All our flour guaranteed. Capacity' 50 barrels Flour and 200 bushels Meal Daily Custom grinding carefully and promptly done. A customer who tries our Flour ami meal stays with us. HIGGINGOTHAM & KIRBY, Proprietors. MISS MAG. LITZ, Milliner ^AND^, DRESS MAKING TAZEWELL, VIRGINIA, (Residence - West Main Street.) Thanking her numerous patrons for their past support, she hopes to merit a continuance of the same by good work at reasonable prices. Promptness my motto. Tazewell Planing Mills We are now ready to do any kind of work in RIPPING AND PLANING LUMBER, MOULDINGS and BRACKETS ~~~~0F EVERY DESCRIPTION, Window and "?oor pramej. We take pleasure in announcing to the public that our facilities for doing neat and clean-cut work and at short notice are unsurpassed in this section of Virginia. If you doubt it give us a trial and you will be convinced. G. W. YOST & CO., Tazewell, Va. :. Greenawalt & Co., Dealers in and Manufacturers of Marble and Granite [NTS -TOMBSTONES Iron Fencing and all kinds of Ceme tary work done in the neatest style. SATISFACTION GUARANTEED. WYTHEVILLE, VIRGINIA. Wallace Calowell, _ W. G. Yocsg, Jxo. L. Caldwell, Tazewell, Va. Jackson, Ohio, CALOWELL BROS, & YOUNG, TAZEWELL, - - - VIRGINIA, -DEALERS IN? ITALIAN AND AMERICAN MARBLE, GRANITE MONUMENTS Statuary and all Kinds of. Ceietery Work. We are in the Held on the merits of our work, and satisfaction is guaranteed, both in quality and price. Specimens of our work can be seen in stock at the residence ?f W. G. Young. Give us your orders, they will be promptly filled, and we will save you money. For further information apply to x W. G. YOUNG, Or T. M. HAWKINS, Sr., Traveling Agent. BORN SEPTEMBER 18, 1841. Fcr More Than Fifty Years It Has Never Failed in Its Weekly Visits to the Homes of Farmers and Villagers Throughout the United States. It has faithfully labored for their prosperity and happiness, for the improvement of their business and home inter? ests, for education, for the elevation of American man? hood and true womanhood. It has told at the fireside, interesting and instructive stories of the doings of the world, the nation and states. It has advised the farmer as to the most approved methods of cultivating and harvesting his crops, and the proper time to convert them into the largest possible amount of money. It has led in all matters pertaining to the welfare of farmers and villagers, and for over half a century has held their confidence and esteem, It is the N. Y. WEEKLY TRIBUNE, and we Furnish it ; with THE REPUBLICAN, I Year for $1.25. CASH IN ADVANCE. Address all orders to R ? PU B LIO A N Write your name and address on a postol card, send it to Geo. W. Best, Tribune Office, New York City, and a sample copy of THE NEW YORE TRIBUNE will be mailed to you.