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Tazewell Republican. [volume] (Tazewell, Va.) 1892-1919, January 06, 1898, Image 3

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TAZEWELL CO. DIRECTORY.
Circuit Court.
Robert C. Jackson, judge; H. Haue Har
man, clerk. Terms of court?1st Monday
in April, 4th Monday in August and 1st
Monday in December.
County Court.
J. H. Stuart, judge; T. K. George, clerk.
Terms of court?Tuesday after 3d Monday
in each month.
Officers.
Jno. T. bams.Cdm'th. Attv.
Jno. W. Crockett.Sheriff,
James Bandy, .Deputy Sheriff.
R. K. Gillespie,.Treasurer.
H. P. Brittain and
H. U. McCall.Deputies.
R. S. Williams,.County Surveyor,
Address, Pounding Mill, Va.
P. H. Williams,.County Supt. Schools,
Address, Snapps, Va.
THE CHURCHES.
STRAS MEMORIAL EPISCOPAL CHURCH.
Divine Service?First and Third Sun
days of the month at 11a. m. andSp. m.
Holy Communion?First Sunday at 11
a. m.
Sunday school every Sunday at 9:30
p m.
A hearty welcome is extended to all.
Rkv. W. D. Bucknkk,
Rector.
Methodist Episcopal Church South.
Public worship of Cod on the 1st and
3rd Sundays at 11 A. M., on the 2nd and
4?1 at 7:30 P. M.
Meeting for prayer, Wednesday at-7:30.
P, M. Sabbath School at 9:30 P. M.
Meeting of Epworth League each Mon?
day niitht at 7:30., the third Monday
night of rich month being devoted to
literary work.
A most cordial welcome is extended to all.
Isaac P. Maktin, Pastor.
Baptist Church Services.
Sunday school every Sunday at 9:30 a.
m; preaching 1st and 4th Sundaysat 11 a.
in., and on 1st and 3d Sundavs at 7;:;<? p.
ID.; B, Y. P. U. every Monday a 7:30 p.
m.; prayer meeting every Thursday at 7:.;u
p. m.; Missionary Society 2d and 4th Sun?
days at 4 p. m. All are invited to attend.
Strangers welcome. W. U. Foster,
Pastor.
SECRET ORDERS.
XCLINCH VALLEY
COMM?NDERT. NO. 20,
KNRJH IS TEMPLAR.
Meets first Monday in each month.
U JAM KS O'KEEFFE, E. C.
W. G. YOUNG, Recouler.
O'KEEFFE ROYAL
ARCH CHAPTER
NO. 26.
Meets second Monday it; each
month.
II. W. O'KEEFFE, H. P.
W. G. YOUNG,
Secretarv.
? TARE WELL LODGE,
<J&r NO. 62, A. F. & A. M.
Meets the third Monday in each
month.
H. W. O'KEEFFE, W. M.
W. G. YOUNG, Sec'y.
LAWYERS.
AJ. &?. D. MAY. ATTORNEYS AT I.AW. Tiizc
'well, Vv Practice in the courts of Tazewell
county arj i in the Court of Appeals ut Wytheville,
Va. Pars ular attention paiil to the collection ol
claims. S
_r i_
BARNS & BARNS. ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Tazc
well, Va. Practice in the courts of Taxcwcll
county, Court of Appeals at Wytheville and the
Federal courts at Abingdon. C. J. Rams, John T.
Barns.
CHAPMAX ?T GILLESPIE, ATTORNEYS AT
LA"SV, Tazewell, Va. Practice in all the courts
"of Tazewell county and Court of Appeals at
Wytheville. J. W. Chapman A. P. Gillespie.
FULTON & COULUNG, ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Tazewell, Va. Practice in the courts of Taze?
well county. S. M. B. Cooling will continue his
gractice in all the courts of Buchanan count v. J.
[ Fulton, Wytheville, Va. S. M. B. Couling,
Tazewell, Va.
6REEVER St GILLESPIE, LAWYERS, Tazewell,
Va. PraCtt'. n the courts of Tazewell and ad
oining counties. Ollice?Stras building. Edgar
L. Greever. Barns Glllespie.
6EO. W. ST. CLAIR, ATTOKNE1 AT LAW
Tazewell, Va. Practices in the courts of Taze
wall and adjolu.rj "ountles and in the Supreme J
Court of Appeals at wytheville. Particula. at
tenUon paid to tba collection oi claims. Office
ttras building.
HC. ALDERCON, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Taze -
? well, Va. Will practice in the courts of Taze?
well county and the Court of Appeals at Wythe?
ville. Collecting a specialty.
VINCENT L. SEXTON, ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Tazewell, Va. Will practice In the courts ol j
Tazewell and adjoining counties. Particular at
tenUon paid to the collection of claims. Office in
Stras building.
WB. SPRATT, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Rich
i lands, Va. Practices in the court* of Taze- j
well and adjoining counties. Prompt attention
paid to the collection of claims.
I H. STUART, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Tazew
J i Va. Land titles in McDowell and Logan coun
Ue?, West Virginia, a specialty. Office in Stras |
DDudillJt
HENRY & GRAHAM, LAWYERS. Tazewell, Va.
Office in building near Conrt House. R- R.
Henry. S. C. Graham. B. W. Stras.
WNorfol^Weslem
' bo Sch lule in Effect
DEC 5th, 1897.
TRAINS LEAVE TAZEWELL
EASTBOUND
4.47 p. m. daily and 3.20 p. m. daily ex?
cept Sunday.
WESTBOUND
11.25 a. m. daily and 8.40 a. m. daily ex?
cept Sunday._
TICKETS ALLDP0INTS
OHIO, INDIANA, ILLINOIS
WISCONSIN,
MISSOURI KANSAS,
NEBRASKA, COLORADO,
ARKANS AS, CALIFORNIA
TEXAS,
WEST, HORTH-WEST, SOUTH-WEST.
FIRSTCLASS, SF OND CLASS
AND EMIGRAn TICKETS.
-THE BEST ROUTE TO THE
North AiviD East.
Pullman Yestibaled Coaches,
Sleeping and Dining Cars.
BJCK THAT YODB TICKETS READ OVER TnE
NORFOLK & WESON RAILROAD
CHEAPEST. BEST ANl> QUICKEST LINE.
i Write for Rates, Maps, Time-Tabits
Zfescriptive Pamphlets to any Station
Agent, or to
W. B. Bkvill, Allen Hull, M. F. Braco,
Gen'lPa* ft Div. Pass. Agt
-1
THE BEET SUGAR INDUSTRY.
Hints to the Growers and Manufactu?
rers.
George Moss, in X. Y. Tribune ]
The production of sugar from beets has
grown in the last fifty years from small be?
ginnings to enormous proportions, until
now three-fifths of the world's supply
comes from the sugar beet. A remarkable
feature of the growth is the fact that until
very recently the United States had not
entered nj)on prosecution of the industry
except by spasmodic and generally inef?
fectual efforts. This country pays out
more than $10(1,000,000 annually for. bu
gar?an amount exceerHng the average re?
ceipts for the wheat it sells abroad.
Whether or not this shall any longer con?
tinue, and whether or not our conditions
of soil and climate are entirely favorable
to the highest and most profitable form of
beet sugar culture is a problem which ag?
riculturists, publicists and other wise men
happily promise to solve in the future.
Within the last decade practical steps have
been taken in the solution, and under the
operations of the Dingley law new impetus
has been given to these efforts. Already
eight extensive beet sugar factories are in
operation in the United States. Out of
past failures have come successes in beet
cultivation and beet sugar production;
therefore, indeed, sweet have been the
uses of adversity. As far back as 1879 the
climate conditions most favorable to the
growth of the useful plant were considered
in, a paper read before the Association for
the Advancement of tlie Science :it. Sara?
toga by Dr. William McMurtie. The beet
meteorological conditions sre a warm, dry
spring and a temperate, moist summer,
followed by a cool, dry autumn.
An average temperature of 70 degrees
for the mouths of June, July and August,
the country level, soil warm and inclined
to be sandy insure the best results. Eu?
ropean beet sugar lands are worth $400 to
?<*>40 per acre. In California near the fac?
tories lands sell at from $250 to $40U and
rent annually for from $20 to $25 per acie.
Coal there, from Seattle, costs fron $6 to
$10 per ton, an item to be carefully con?
sidered in the cost of making sugar. Cbiuo
Valley, in California, is known far and
wide as the paradise of farmers, ?rhu :uv
there employed almost exclusively in rais?
ing sugar beets. Here in the Eastern
States arc believed to be equal advantages
for cultivation of the same product, and <>|
all home markets there i? n me so ste dy
and expansive as that of <ugjr.
A brief epitome of the history of the sn
gar beet will prove interesting. About the
middle of the last century a German chem?
ist demonstrated that sugar could be made
from beets. This discovery tested fifty
years as a scientific curiosity. In ISIS
Napoleon put the industry on its feet, and
sixteen thousand acres were planted to
beets in France. In 1830 some Philudel
phhns tried to makeheet sugar and failed.
Eight years later a similar fate waited upon
a like effort in Massachusetts. About 1840
the Germans began their successful prose?
cution of the industry. In 1803 it was
vainly tried in Illinois and Wisconsin, al?
though a smalfTactory at Fond du Lac,
costing $12,000, scored a success. The
manager of this factory was called to Al
vaiudo, Cid., to superintend a large one
costing $2*0,000. This enterprise went to
the wall, as did a similar one in the same
State shortly thereafter. One of the stock?
holders in these California plants, E. H.
Dyer, is the practical pioneer beet-sugar
man in the United States. He spentsome
years in reorganizing the companies and
getting new capital. He started again in
1S79, and the venture this time was a suc?
cess. In 188S Claus Spreckle.s built a large
factory at Watsonville, Cal ; in 1S90 the
Oxnarcls put one upatGiandIsland, Neb.,
later another at Norfolk, Neb., and also
one at Chino, Cal. In 1890 Mr. Dyer was
inyited to Utah to erect and equip a fac?
tory for a stock company there. Last year
Mr. Spreckles built another factory at 8a
linos, Cal., while one was moved from
Canada to New Mexico, and one was built
at Menominee Falls. This year one was
erected at Los Alamitos, Cal., and another
at Korne, N. Y., the latter being moved
from near Montreal. The growth of the
industry in this country is shown by the
acreage of beets in California. In 1893
there were 9,670 acres; in 1894,15,993,and
in 1897, 00,000 acres. Five years ago the
beet sugar produced in the United States
amounted to S,000,000 pounds; in 1893,
21,000,000 pounds; 1894, 42 000,000; in
1896, 59,000,000. The estimated produc?
tion this year in California is 65,000,000
pounds; Utah, 8,000,000; New Mexico, 4,
000,000; Nebraska. 12,000,000; Wisconsin,
1,000,000; New York, 2,000,000. Total
98,000,000 pounds-46,000 tons, or about
one-fiftieth of the amount consumed in the
United States. Germany produced in 1896
1,475,000,000 pounds; France, l,4oo,ooo,
ooo?more than six times as much as in
1800, or about all she consumed. In the
United States the consumption per capita
is sixty-six pounds annually. We import
four million pounds. The world's pro?
duction of beet sugar is about five million
tons; cane eugar, three million tons.
There is a State bounty on beet sugar in
New York, which guarantees the farmer
$5 a ton for his beets of a certain standard
of excellence. The State has also made
appropriations to the Agricultural Depart?
ment of Cornell University for the purpose
of testing beet culture. The University
sent out seed free, and beets were grown
in thirty-one different counties. The av?
erage tonnage per acre shows over 23, and
the average percentage of sugar content
13], or about twenty barrels of sugar per
acre.
Thoughtful men predict that in the near
future production of beet sugar in the
United States is destined to become an
important agricultural as well as manufact?
uring industry, which is aptly referred to
as the "new source of wealth." Germany,
France and Austria have added millions
of dollars to the incomes of their people
through sugar beets. In a recent Govern?
ment publication it is forcefully stated
that cultivation of tiie sugar beet is a style
of agriculture so strange to American far?
mers as to require specific instruction and
experience to accomplish it successfully.
Factories would be quickly erected if the
supply of beets were forthcoming. Fields
should be plouged in the late autumn to
the depth of ten inches. The plough in
each furrow should be followed by a sub
soiler to loosen the earth to a depth of six
or seven inches more. The land, being
exposed during winter, becomes quite
mellowed, and in the spring can be pre?
pared for planting by a simple treatment
of the surface, as by ploughing and
thorough cultivation, until the surface of
the soil is reduced to perfect tilth.
Mr. Wiley says that in planting by drill
fifteen or twenty pounds of seed should be
used per acre; in hand planting, ten to
fifteen pounds. The beets should be dis?
tributed singly and at equal distances
apart, and covered to the depth of one
half to one and a half inches, according to
the soil. Detailed information on this
point may be had by applying to 11. W.
Wiley, as above.
In France the so-called French rich
sugar beet is the favorite. It grows en?
tirely under the soil, and yields largely.
It seems to be important not only that
a sugar beet should be of proper size and
shape, but also, says Mr. Wiley, that it
be grown in such a manner as to secure
the protection of the soil for all the parts
except the neck and foilage.
This position can only be secured for
the beet by glowing it in a soil sufficiently
pervious to permit of the penetration of
the top root to a great depth. It is for
ihis reason that subsoiling is of import?
ance. The content of sugar is largely below
the soil. Information as to seed may be
had on application to the Department of
Agriculture, Washington, D. C.
A brief description of the method of
making sugar from the beet is appended,
although to the farmer or beet raiser it is
of interest only from secondary considera?
tions. In the factory the beets are con?
veyed to washing tanks provided with
suitable apparatus for keeping the n in
motion and transferring them toward the
end from which the fresh water enters, in
order that the whole of the adhering soil,
together with any sand and pebbles, may
be completely removed. By a suitable
elevator the beets are next taken to a
point above the centre of the diffusion
battery, whence they are dropped into a
slicing apparatus, by which they are cut
into pieces of small thickness and of euch
shape as when placed in the cells of the
battery tbey will not lie so close together
as to prevent the circulation of the diffu?
sion liquors. When the cell is full of the
sliced beets it is closed and the hot juices
from the cell last filled are admitted and
allowed to remain in contact with the
cuttings for a few minutes. Several cell?
are thus kept in use?one filling, another
emptying. From the last cell the juice is
drawn off and sent to the clarifiers. The
cuttings are used for cattle food. The
cost of building a first-class factory, with a
capacity of four hundred tons of beets per
day, is estimated at ?500,000. The ma?
chinery must be a'l uf the latest pattern
and improvement. Mr. Wiley wisely
say.-: It is best to recognize at the very
first the gimt expense which attends the
erect ion of a sugar factory and the necssity
fur its meeting overy modern requirement.
Keel-growing and beet-sugar manufacture
are two distinct industries, but with com?
mon aims and interests."
The one reason why the beet-sugar in?
dustry has not already been established is
that to secure profitable results a sugar
factory must be erected, costing not less
than $200,0U0 and a permanent annual
Biipply of thirty thousand tons of beets
must be secured. Without co-operation
of farmers and capitalists the enterprise
would fail. The beets must be raised near
the factory, and the factory must insure a
pertain market for beets.
The Mormon Church has bought a large
tract of land in Mexico and is going to
found a colony there. Now the Chicago
"Tribune" says that with the Mormons'
the Indians and Bryan all removed to
Mexico the United States will be rid of a
large share of its troubles,
KEEP ON AGITATING.
ICH the Only Way tu Arouse Interest
In Good Koads.
The difficulty in arousing interest in
the cause of improved highways hat
often surprised those who were con
vinced of their importance, and bat
sometimes discouraged them. It us ten
year6, now, since the league instituted
its active and aggressive good roads
campaign. Great results have been
achieved, but there is yet much to be
done. There are still extensive rurai
districts in which the people are
apathetic, in spite of the efforts of the
press and of organized clubs all over the
country.
In the more sparsely settled districts,
and especially in many parts of the
west, it is claimed that activity In rail?
road construction has prevented ex?
penditure of much energy and capital
in building good roads. The people and
the state legislatures are Interested in
the railway problem; they are agitat?
ing for railroad facilities?working to
secure them?and until this Is accom?
plished the question of better wngon
roads is in abeyance. In the older states,
such as Massachusetts and New Jersey,
where bo much has been done, the
growth of railroad building has nearly
reached its maximum, so that wit!)
their denser population they are in a
position to take hold of their common
roads.
But even allowing for all this, It is
provingaslow task to awaken ull classes
of the population to the positive values
to them of better roads. In comment?
ing on the conditions that exist in Kan?
sas, the Topeka Capitol says that "the
farmers of such states as Kansas, where
the roads are as bad as they possibly
can be, and where the loss is heaviest to
the producers who are obliged to stay
out of the market during an important
part of the year because of Impassable
roads, apparently pay no attention to
this all-important subject. It is the
conservative and careful estimate of the
government at Washington that the
people of the United States lose every
year no less than $600,000,000 by reason
of impassable or defective roads, the
loss being mainly borne by the farmers.
It requires the entire wheat crop every
year to pay the loss to farmers occa?
sioned by bad roads. This Is no fanci?
ful estimate, hut ia below rather thun
above the truth. Students of road mak?
ing who are familiar with the results of
the excellent roads of old world coun?
tries estimate that bad roads cost the
western farmers 25 per cent, of every?
thing he buys. There is In reality no
subject of more importance to the farm?
ers than road improvement, and there
is none In which the average farm?
er takes less apparent interest. No
state In the union has more to gain by
active road reform, beginning with the
adoption of wide tires, than Kansas. It
has been profitable elsewhere to remit
the road tax of all farmers using wide
tires, and no doubt the same policy
would work to advantage in this state."
The present time is a good one to In?
crease the agitation for highway Im?
provement. If the matter is brought
forcibly to the attention of tb? farmers,
they may be made to realize its direct
Importance to them. Crops are abun?
dant and find ready sale. With the
coming wet weather ard deteriorating
roads will come an object lesson which
should be used by the press and all
good roads advocates to srengtheu
their arguments. The farmer can then
ccunt in dollars and cents the loss en?
tailed on him from inability to get to
market easily and cheaply. Sa is In
a better position now than he has been
for some time to undertake the work.
No other investment will pay him bo
well.
In some sections these facts are ap?
preciated und every effort is being made
to secure road improvements. County
Commissioner Clark, in Pennsylvania,
says: "I have never seen in Allegheny
county such enthusiasm as there is over
this movement. Everybody is interest?
ed. The law is well received every?
where, nnd people go out of their way
to get the facts before us. The office is
crowded daily with delegations, and the
people meet us when they know we are
coming nnd furnish all the information
they can, even, as in the case of the
Windgnp road, getting- up plansat their
own expense." Such conditions offer
great encouragement to further work,
nnd should prove a strong incentive.?
Good Roads.
FOR PRAIRIE ROADS.
An Illinois Man Advocnte? the Laying
of Iron Hull*.
Having given the subject of iron
roadways some study I venture to give
my opinion. I am satisfied that iron
roadways arc the thing for this prairie
country. On the praries ballast of any
kind must in most cases be hauled long
distances, making the cost of the irou
roadway, even with double truck, the
cheapest. Any kind of ballast needs an
amount of repair equaling the cost of n
new road almost once in from six toten
years. The iron roadway would prob?
ably last two or three times as long, the
repairs being almost nothing.
There need be no flange or elevation
on the inner side of the rail. M:tke them
perfectly flat; the wagons will not run
off. In common country roads the
wheels do not make ruts more than
twice the width of the tire, no matter
whether the ground is hard or soft.
Teams traveling on ice for miles leave a
regular wheel trail not wider than the
rut on the country road. I would make
a mil after this fashion:
Let the rails be perfectly flat,
eight inches wide at top and ten
inches at bottom, with a bevel
of an inch on each edge. Then
wagons and bicycles can drive over
them in any direction without incon?
venience. The beveled edge will throw
Hie horse's foot away from the edge of
the rail should he chance to step on It,
thus preventing the shoe from catching
under the edg'e of the rail. Lay the rails
so that the wagons will track near the
inner edge. Then when the inner edges
become worn change sides with the
rails and get another season of wear.
Let the bolts be countersunk with a
long slope clear through the rail so
that they will not come through by
wear. Drain roads with tile In the
center, not on the sides. It takes only
one tile instead of two; lowers the water
level in the road center, and is much less
liable to be filled by tree roots.?M. \V.
Ciunn, in Farm and Fireside.
EXPENSIVE NEGLECT.
An Incident Which Doom Not Speak
Well for Yankee Enterprise.
A writer in the Yarmouth (Mass.)
Register complnins that the road built
by the state between Yarmouth und
Dennis is not being properly taken care
of. He says: 'The recent heavy rains
washed the road bare of dust in many
places, nnd in one place the sand from
the hills was washed on to the depth
of over a foot, and though several daya
have elapsed, at the time of writing,
since the flood no attempt is being made
to repair the damage, and in the mean?
time the rond is being worn and the
stone still further being loosened, nnd
the str?nget part of it nil Is the total
indifference which seems to exist by the
townspeople for this new rond, which
they should puard ns the apple of their
eye. If a proper supervision is not to be
kept of these state roads, the towns will
be better off with their old clay ones.
Whether thf dust is blown off by the
wind or washed off by the rain. It
should be immediately replaced by
more, never allowing the bare stones
even to show. The road will go to ruin
rapidly under the present system, nnd
the expense later, on repairs, wir? be
immense."
GOV. MOUNT TALKS.
Snj? Farmer? Arc Entitled to Good
Ronrf* and Dally Mnlln.
In n speech delivered recently nt
Rome City, Ind., Cov. Mount said: "The
farmers have a right to demand that the
government at least cooperate with
them in securing hotter mail facilities
for the country. The farmer of the
twentieth century mutt be a man of the
broadest mind, of the highest develop?
ment. The farmer's home must be sup?
plied with books, papers and mag?
azines. He must keep in touch with the
intellectual, social and business world.
To secure the advantages of daily mall,
good roads will be a necessity. With
good thoroughfares to secure speedy
transit, then, by the cooperation of the
farmers nnd the government, arrange?
ments can be made for the deposit by
the postman of the farmer's mail In n
box opposite his home. Good roads and
daily mails to the farmer of the coining
years will be indispensable to the
highest success, socially, financially and
intellectually."
Ronds in Prairie States.
In some sections of the country stone
and gravel cannot be obtained for road
building purposes. Under such circum?
stances it is necessary to resort to
grading nnd tile drainage, if there is a
season of heavy rainfall, so that ample
outlet may be provided for the surplus
water. This is all that can be done in
some prairie districts. In such locali?
ties the grade of the roadbed must be
raised above the surrounding level,
properly crowned^ and with due regard
to the contour of the adjoining ground.
Road-grading machines are of great
value in accomplishing the work.?L. A
W. Bulletin.
Cheaper Tlmi: Stable Mnnnre.
Prof. II. E. Van Deman says in the
Philadelphia Record that a crop of
clover or cow peas plowed under every
two or three years in the orchard will
stimulate growth sufficiently, and as
it would take 20 loads of stable manure
per acre to do the same the former is
the cheaper. He thinks also that COO
pounds each of muriate of potash and
dissolved bone or phosphate rock per
acre should be applied. But this will
not be necessary every year until an or
rhardlis bearing heavy crops and shows
signs of impoverishment.
Progress In Alabama.
Road improvement in Alabama was
etarted several years ago, some of the
pioneer work being done about Birm?
ingham. The News of that place now
reports that "the county commission?
ers of Colbert county will let contracts
for the building of $100,000 worth of
roads in that county, the money hav?
ing been placed in the county treasury
for that purpose. The last legislature
authorized the county to sell bonds to
the above amount for the above pur?
pose. The bonds were sold and the
money is in bang\ Ja cash." "**
EARLY AUTUMN COSTUMES.
Pretty Dress oi Light Woolen PAfj
- rlcs.
When the first suggestion of autumn
is fn. tiheiair, and while itis yet too warm
to do much more with, wraps than mere?
ly carry tfofem about, the etySish woman
gets a great deal of su/tisfuction out of
pretty dresses made of the lighter
woolen fabrics and her autumn halts
made of chip or stlraw in the same color
as her costume. Very elaborate dresses
made of crejpe de chine with ruehings
and ruffles, puffs, insertions and edg?
ings are shown in. the newest invoices
ami are sometimes seen at dressy out
of-door entertainments. There is a
mania for white and the old-time swiss
muslin or organdie made up over while
or color in a favorite dress. Very light
gray, blue, green or pink crepe de chine
witih white silk lining is a momentbry
fancy. A specially stylish costume is
of lemon yellow over white satin and
with trimming of white lace. It is a
cirrious fact that some colors are so
much more dressy "Uhan Others, and she
is the artistic woman who discrimi?
nates and makes hex colors and combi?
nations fit the times and seasons v:h?u
they are worn.
A dress of large figured India silk 3s
made up with skirt perfectly plain
and with sleeves full at the shoulders
and fitting the arras below. The neck
is cut out in shield shape nnd filled iD
with folds and ruchings of organdie
am d lace. Anoth er pretty dress is m a d c
of embroidered muslin. It has three
bands of wide trimming and between
these narrow lines of embroidery. The
waist is plain at the sides and back,
while the front is elaboraitely wrought
with vest, shoulder straps and wide
bands of embroidery set in at the shoul?
der seams and outlining the vest on
elthrr side. A girdle belt) is of velvet,
and over this end far down on the skirt
these side bands of embroidery exltend,
making a pretty and effective trim?
ming; the sleeves are made of alternate
rows of embroidery and plain material.
Fiite tucks area foJvorite deooraition for
these materials, organdies, veilings, in
dee*] all light-weight wool, cct'ton or
silk, fabrics may be tucked In ailmost
sol'd masses. A novelty is a skirt
trimmed with tucked ruffles. These
ruffles are set on so as to outline an over
skiirb design. The ruffles are about
four inches wide and each one has
three tucks above a narrow hem. There
are five of tjhese ruffles, and as each one
?s about five yards in length, the amount
of sewing uieceffsary to produce them is
by no means trifling. NeveT were thin
goods amd laces in such enormous de?
mand. Entire dresses ore made of lace
insertion and edging, and capes, waisfs,
blouses and draperies representing
scores of yards of material are net un?
common.?N. Y. Ledger.
NEWS FROM THE NORTH.
Reported by Our Esteemed Contem?
porary, the Klondike Klarion.
Mr. Bill Muggins, that prince of good
fellows, residing on Yaller av, is put?
ting a handsome 18k gold leaf roof on
his new barn.
We are pleased to announce that the
First Presbyterian church will give a
boiled dog supper at its parlors Thurs?
day evening at 7 o'clock. Admission.
$4. Children half fare.
Col. Frankfort, of the Bang Up res?
taurant, meals served at all hours, has
the editor's thanks for a juicy joint of
roast mule as flue as he ever stuck a
tooth into. Come again, colonel.
Now is the time to subscribe to the
Klarion?$24 per annum. Invariably in
advance. Good, clean nuggets taken on
subscription.
Our leading dentist, Dr. Jim Mofntt.
believes in fostering home Industries.
Jle uses only Klondike gold in plugging
teeth. Dr. Jim is also a jolly jerker.
Call on him when In town.
Little Johnnie, the bright and intelli?
gent three-year-old 6on 6f our esteemed
fellow townsman, C. II. Jinkins. whp
was so seriously choked on a nugget of
gold the hired girl carelessly left lying
on the kitchen floor, where the child
was playing, is, we are glad to 6ay, im?
proving.
Mr. K. J. Herman's spirited team of
reindeers ran away yesterday after?
noon on Yukon av, extended, while
bringing a load of gold dust to town,
nnd scattered the yellow sediment
around the landscape to such an extent
that several usidents from the states
living out thf I way grew quite home?
sick, it was so remindful to them of the
golden-rod, which Is their national
flower.
At a recent reception In this city of
our eiltest set, the lion of the evening
was Mr. G. Washington Wellington, of
the United States, and he was thus hon?
ored nnd lionized becausfe he was the
only man present who was not n mil?
lionaire. Society always delights In
novelties.
At the bridal breakfast after the
Bing-Bang wedding on Dollar boule?
vard yesterday, a full report of which
was a Klarion exclusive, the piece de
resistance was a fillet of boy horse
served on plates of solid gold half an
inch thick. A washtubful of gold dust
was showered on the happy pair as they
walked down the front steps of the
bride's home to their reindeer sledge.
We have the nugget some bad boy
threw through our window last night,
breaking a pane of glass, and we shall
be glad to give It to him for n new pane.
The nugget weighs four ounces, and the
size of the pnne was eight by ten. Any
person wishing to exchange a pane of
glass that size for the nugget will please
call at this office before the arrival of
the cold wave.?N. Y. Sun.
ETrQUETTE OF FUNERALS.
Kew Yorkers Who Are Carefnl to At?
tend Olisciiales of Old Friends.
Some men are as conscientious and
is scrupulously exact in "paying their
respects to the dead" as they arc in any
other mattcrof etiquette. Amongtheir
liumber are men conspicuous in public
life. Their frequent presence at fu?
nerals is indicative of a strong sense of
duty as well as of loyal friendship for
those to whose death they pay the
tribute. For a busy man of affairs to
lake an hour or two out of the middle
of the day to attend a church funeral
Is often more of a sacrifice than a casual
observer might think. Yet there are a
score or more of well-known and in?
fluential New Yorkers who invariably
make it a point to attend the funeral
t>f an old friend, no matter how incon?
venient it may be.
John D. Crlmmlns Is most punctilious
In this respect, as also Is Gen. Stewart
L. Woodford, now United States min?
ister to Spain. They believe that loy?
alty to a friend entails the duty of be?
fog present at that friend's funeral. J.
Edward Simmons, president of the
Fourth national bank; John H. Starin
end D. 0. Mills a?e very busy men who
usually find time to attend the funerals
of their old friends or business asso?
ciates.
Within the past few months several
old and respected residents of this city
have died and been interred after serv?
ices In some churo. In almost every
instance the same well-known faces of
surviving friends were observed among
the general mourners. Elihu Boot,
John E. Parsons, Stephen P. Nash, ex
Surrogate Delano, C. Calvin and Ed?
ward Lauterbach rarely omit attend?
ing the obseouies of departed friends.
Is essential to
health. Every nook
and corner of the
lood
system id reached by the bioad, und on
its quality thecondit ion of every orgaa de?
pends. Good blood means strong nerves,
good digestion, robust health. Impure
blood means scrofula, dyspepsia,rheQma
tism, catarrh or other diseases. The surest
way to have good blood is to take Hood's
Sarsaparilla. This medicine purifies, vi?
talizes, and enriches the blood, and sends
the elements of health and strength to
every nerve, organ and tissue. It creates
a good appetite, gives refreshing sleep
and cures that tired feeling. Remember,
Is the best?In foctthe One True Wood Purifier.
rJx-I'oItcc Inspector Alexander S. Wil?
liams and Gen. Howard Carroll are two
men who apparently never neglect
them. ?
One cold, blustering day last winter,
ivhen the streets were banked high
with snow and the winds were full of
cy needles, there was a simple funeral
ceremony in n certain private house.
The dead man had at one time been very
ictive and influential in New York, but
idvcrsc fortune had overtaken him be?
fore his last illness. In his prime many
hundreds had sought his friendship.
Vround his coffin scarcely two score of
loyal friends had gathered. Chief
imong these few mourners, however,
.vere ex-Inspector Williams and Gen.
Carroll.
Ex-Mayor Hugh .7. Grant is another
strict observer of the etiquette pertain
ng to funerals. Only the most exact
ng obligations will prevent bis attend
ng the funeral of an old friend. And
t is the same way with Comptroller
Fitch, Postmaster Van Cott and ex
'ostmnstor Dayton. Two familiar fig
ires at the public funerals of old New
Workers are those of ex-Postmaster
Thaddens Wakoman and ex-Collector
Thomas Murphy.?X. Y. Time?.
DAN ALS OF PREHISTORIC MAN.
Vn Ancient Irrigation SyKtcm Div
A western correspondent furnishes
something doubly curious about the en?
gineering resources of the ancient past
ind the contriving abilities and re
ources in the west in the present in
lustrial era.
"During my last visit to Arizona, I
aw in the Salt river valley a sight that
yould strike a stranger as queer. A
team dredging scow, such as is used
r. deepening rivers and harbors for
invigation was voyaging slowly and
teadily through a wide strip of arid
lesert. It was started landward from
Salt river, and was excavating its own
banne] ahead, the river-waters follow
Dg and floating it .is it advanced. Mut
he work was not, in fact, the making of
t new channel, but the digging out of
in old one, the irrigating canal made
>y a civilized puoplc that lived and
jonrished and departed before recorded
Vmerican history began. That there
vas a time when this wide valley, now
>eing again redeemed to man, was a
forden of plenty, teeming with inliab
tants, is shown by the extensive and
egular system of broad canals leading
rom the river, throng'.! which wafer for
rrigating was conveyed for centuries.
Vith the drifting sands and earth, these
anals arc still plainly indicated on the
ace of the ground, and so skilfully were
hey planned and built that modern en?
gineering science applied to irrigation
an do no better than retrace their
ourse and restore them. What race
aid out the canals and built the towns
'.?hose ruins are strung along the valley
3 a question not yet settled by nrehac
logists. Azlecs or Tolte.cs, or each in
heir turn, probably tarried here in
heir centuries long southward to the
alley of Mexico, and the ruins inny bo
f an older people thai: cither of them.
! HE SOUTH AND HER SLAVES.
Vhnt She DIU fur Tis cm?The Women
Were Heroines.
Rev. Edward L. Pell, of this city, is
ollecting material for a history of the
fforts made by the south for the moral
levation of the negro before the war.
'he facts of such a history, while not
asily available, are more abundant
han is generally supposed. Not only
id the churches of the south spend
irgc sums of money in missionary
fork among the blacks, but it wns not
ncommon for persons who owned n
irgc body of slaves to hnve n place of
?orship for them and to hnve a preacher
mployed for their especial ministry,
lorcover, every white church had its
ontingent of colored members, who
ad a voice in the management of
hurch affairs, and so sacred was this
ie that many of the colored people con
inued their membership in the white
hurehes even after they were emnnc i
ated. The efforts of individual lay
len, as, for example Stonewall Jack
on, in the Sunday school for slaves at
.exington, would make another long
nd touching chapter.
All this is nothing, however, as com
nred with the work done for the negro
y the women of the south. The idea
tint the southern women were made
eroines by the late wnr is far from the
ict. They were heroines from the bc
inning and they had been in training
rom the time that the slaves came into
ur possession. Instead of the many
ublic charities in which they arc cn
aged to-day, they devoted their time to
:e instruction of the slaves and the
melioration of their condition. Seek
ny old negro and ask him VsSS?f he got
Is religious instruction and he will
Imost invariably tell you that he owes
to "ole miss," who had him at the
jrc't house" on Sunday morning and
:nd to him and his companions selec
ons from the Scriptures ana expound;
3 their meaning.?Richmond News.
Don't lllnme tue Weather.
Don't blame the wet season for the
ondition of many of your roads. See
hat your candidates for local offices
ivor good roads, and then supply them
?ith the information that will enable
!iem to know how to get and keep
tiam. Most people are all at sea on
hese subjects. The heavy rains of
ic summer have given startling object
?ssons to road-builders and superin
mdents in some sections of the coun
-y. Roads that were nearly flat and
?hich lacked proper drainage were
.vept over by the water. In some spots
ie surface was torn away; in others it
?as covered with stones and earth.
his did not happen where roads were
jitably crowned and drained.?L. A.
I. Uulletin. '._
Working Convict* on rtonds.
North Carolina's system of working
Mivicts on the roads has, it is alleged,
d the state of tramps, as well as proved
rofitable to all who use the roads. The
ate law gives magistrates the optio::
f sentencing prisoners to road-build
Sarsaparilla
Hood's Pillst'o
covered in Arizona.
If you Want
to see<25?J SNAKES
IMPURE VVHISKY
BUTjsw
If you desire sweet repose and deughtful slomberfl try mine. 1 havt
SAND GALLONS in stock and will guarantee every gallon to be strictly pure.V T^^~
JOHN M. SMITH_
. . . Newport (Giles Co.), Virginia.
Distiller and dealer in best homemade pure copper-distilled
RYE WHISKY.
SOUR MASH?This celebrated whisky is distilled only by me and will be dV-^.
ered at Railroad Station at $2.00 per gallon. Pure Corn S?r Mash Whisky at $1.30
per gallon by the barrel, 100 proof. Warranted pure goods. All orders promptly
filled.
BROWN'S RESTAURANT,
-KELLY BUILDING,_?a.
Tazewell, - - Virginia.
E. D. BROWN, Proprietor.
Board and Lodging by day, week or month. Meals at all
hours at 25c. Table first class.
HARDWARE AND FURNITURE.
/ All kinds of Hard- ]
I ware, Cooking and J
r Heating Stoves, Fur-*
4niture, House Furn
f ishing Goods, Lamps
1 and Lamp Fixtures
SADDLES, WAGON AND BOGGY HARNESS,
COLLARS, PADS, BLIND and RIDING BRIDLES.
?THE SYRACUSE PLOW.
We guarantee they will please you better than any plow on the market.
We will sell yon a first-class Sewing Machine for $20.00 and tie best in the
world for $30.00, Guaranteed.
MOSS & GREEVER,
TAZEWELL, VA
GEN R.E.LEE
SOLDIER,
Citizen and Christian Patriot.
A GREAT NEW HOOK for the people.
LIVE AGENTS WANTED
Everywhere to show sample pages and get
up clubs. Extraordinarily liberal terms
.Money can be made rapidly, and a vast
amount of good done in circulating one of
th3 noblest historical works published
during the past quarter of a century.
Active agents are now reaping a rich
harvest. Some of our best workers aie
selling
Over 100 Books a Week.
Mr. A. G. Williams, Jackson county,
Mo., worked four days and a half and se
cured 51 orders. He sells the book to al?
most every man he meets. Dr. J. J. Ma?
son, Muscogee county, Ga.,sold 120 copies
the first live days he canvassed. H. C.
Sheets, Palo Pinto county, Tex., worked a
few hours and sold 16 copies, mostly mo?
rocco binding. J. H. Hanna, Gaston
county, N. C, made a month's wages in
three days canvassing for this book. S.
M. White, Callahan county, Tex., is sell?
ing books at the rate of 114 copies a week.
V/ork Contains Biographical Sketches
of all the leading generals, a vast amount
of* historical matter, and a large number of
beautiful full page illustrations. It is a
grand book, and ladies and gentlemen who
can give all or any part of.theirtime to the
canvass are bound to make immense sums
of money handling it.
An Elegant Prospectus,
showing the different styles of binding,
sample pages, and all material necessary
to work with, will be sent on receipt of 50
cents. The magnificent gallery of por?
traits, alone, in the prospectus is worth
double the money. We furnish it at far
less than actual cost of manufacture, and
we would advise you to order quickly, and
get exclusive control of the best territory.
Address
ROYAL PUBLISHING CO..
11th and Main Sts., Eichmond, Va.
The .Maid nnd Hanaicercnin.
A touching and poetical custom pre?
vails in the Welsch-Tyrol. When a
young maiden is about to be married,
immediately before she steps across the
threshold of her old home, on her way
lo the church, her mother solemnly,
gives her a new pocket handkerchief.
The bride holds it in her hand through?
out the marriage ceremony, usin( it/
to wipe away her tears. So soon as the
marriage festivities are ended the
young wife lays the handkerchief aside
In her linen closet, and there it remains
as long as she lives. Nothing would in?
duce a Tyrolese wife to use this sacred
handkerchief. It may be half a cen?
tury, or longer, before it is taken, from
its place to fulfil the second and last
part of its mission. When the wife
lies, perhaps as a gray old grandmother,
the loving hands of the next of kin
place the bridal handkerchief over the
face of the dead and it is buried with
her in the grave.?London News.
Ilatef?l Old Man.
"And when your wheel broke down
seven miles from home," said the old
man, "you repaired it all by yourself,
lid you?"
"I did," answered the typewriter,
proudly.
"It seems mighty funny to me, then,"
he continued, "that when the ribbon
on your machine needs shifting you
have to call on that dude of a book?
keeper to fix it for you every time."
Educational Item.
Mrs. Chafiie?How are you coming on
i school, Johnnie?
.Johunie?The teacher is kicking
,rain. He says you ought to dust my
ithes before you send me to school,
v- had to give up paddling me this
jrning. He nearly choked to death
om the diust he raised,?N. Y. World.
COMMISSIONERS SALE OF VALUA?
BLE REAL ESTATE.?Pursuant to
a decree of the United States Circuit Court
for the Western District of Virginia, en?
tered at the October term thereof held at
Abingdon, Va., in the cause of Linda H.
Johnson vs. The Southern Building and
Loan Association of Knoxville, Tennessee
we shall, as Special Commissioners ap?
pointed by said decree for the purpose, of?
fer for sale at public auction, on the prem?
ises, at 2 o'clock p. m., on
TUESDAY, JANUARY 4TH, 1898,
the following described real estate situated
in the town of Graham, Virginia, to-wit:
(1.) Lot 7, block 41, on map of Graham
Land and Improvement Co. This prop?
erty is known as the Mrs. Z. E. Yost lot,
and has a store and residence upon it. It
was purchased by the Southern Building
and Loan Association under foreclosure
proceedings.
(2.). The C. W. Schaffer residence. This
property adjoins C. M. Brown, Q. Morgan
and John Lilly, as per map of R. L. Gil
lespie. It was purchased by the Southern
Building and Loan Association under fore?
closure proceedings.
TERMS OF SALE-Cash as to one-fourth
of the purchase price and for the residue
thereof the purchaser shall execute his
bonds in three equal installments at six,
twelve and eighteen monthe, with interest
from date, the title to the property to be
retained as ultimate security until all the
purchase money is paid, and the purchaser
to have the privilege of anticipating the
payment of the whole or any part of the
purchase money, or of any or all of the
bonds given for the deferred payments.
J. R. Milleb,
II. Peyton Gray,
Nov. 13, 1897. Commissioners.
I, I. C. Fowler, clerk of the United
States district court for the Western dis?
trict of Virginia, at Abingdon, Va., do
hereby certify that J. R. Miller And H.
Peyton Gray, commissioners in the cause
of Linda II. Johnson vs. The Southern
Building and Loan Association of Knox
ville, Tennessee, have executed the bonds
required of them as commissioners under
decree of the 30th day of October, 1897.
I. C. FoWLEB,
Clerk of the Circuit Court of the U. S. for
the Western District of Virginia at Ab?
ingdon.
Notice.
All persons, whomsoever, are hereby no?
tified and warned not to ride, haul or walk
across or otherwise trespass on my prem?
ises, especially those leased to John and
Cosby Bowman; for the law against all
such will be rigidly enforced.
Wm. G. W. Iaegm.
July 31, 1897.
60 YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
Trade Marks
Designs
Copyrights 4c.
Anyone sending a sketch and description may
ouickly ascertain our opinion free whether an
Invention is probably patentable. Commnnle*.
tlons strictly confidential. Handbook on Patent?
sent free. Oldest agency for securing patent*.
Patents taken through Munn 4 Co. reOMT?
tpecial notice, without charge, in the
Scientific Mttm.
A handsomely Illustrated weekly. Largest etr
eolation of any scientific Journal. Term*. 13 a
year: four months, ?L Sold by all newsdealer*.
MUNN&CQ36'Broadw,y,|jeWYftrjj
Brawn Office, 525 F 8t-, Wft??lngtoo, D. IX .

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