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TAZEWELL CO. DIRECTORY.
Robert C. Jackson, judge; H. Bane Bar?
man, clerk. Terms of court?1st Monday
in April, 4th Monday in August and 1st
^ Monday in UeceiiTber.
.T. 11. Stuart, jiK'ge; T. K. George, clerk.
Terms of court ?Tuesday after Sd Monday
in each month.
Jno.T. Barns.Com'th. Atty.
Jno. W. Crockett,.Sheriff.
James Handy.Deputy Sheriff.
R. K. Gillespie.Treasurer.
II. I'. Brittain and
H. <;. McCaU.Bepnties.
R. S. Williams,.County Purveyor,
Address, Pounding Mill, Va.
V. li. Williams,.CountySupt. Schools,
Address, Snapps, Va.
STRAS MEMORIAL EPISCOPAL CHURCH.
Divine Service?First and Third Sun
days of the month at 11 a. in. and Sp. m.
Holy Communion?First Sunday at 11
Sunday school every Sunday at 9:30
A hearty welcome is extended to all.
Rev. W. D. Bockner,
Methodist Episcopal Church South.
Public worship of God on the 1st and
3rd Sundays at 11 A. M., on the 2ml and
?1th at 7:30 P. M.
Meeting for prayer, Wednesday at 7:30.
1'. M. Sabbath School at 9:30 P. M.
Meeting of Epworth League each Mon?
day night at 7:30., the third Monday
night of each montn being devoted to
A most cordial welcome is extended to all.
Isaac P. Maktin, Pastor.
Bajitist Church Services.
Sunday school every Sunday at 9:30 a.
m; preaching 1st and 4th Sundaysat 11 a.
m., and on 1st and 3d Sundays at 7:30 p.
in.; B. Y. P. U. every Monday a 7:30 p.
m.; prayer meeting every Thursday at 7:30
p. m.; Missionary Society 2d and 4th Sun?
days at 4 p. m. All are invited to attend.
Strangers welcome. W. C. Foster,
Services at the Lutheran church at North
Tazewell every 1st and 3d Sunday at 11a.
COMMANDERY, NO. 20,
Meets first Monday in each month.
JAMES O'K E F FFE, E. O.
<.;. YOUNG, Recoider.
Meet? second Monday in each
II. W. O'KEEFFE, II. P.
W. G. YOUNG,
>>r NO. 62, A. F. & A. M.
k -* Meets the third Monday in each
H. W. O'KEEFFE, W. M.
W. G. YOUNG, Sec'y.
BLUEGRASS LODGE, NO. 142.I.O.O.F.
Meets every Tuesday night. Lodge
room over l'obst & Wingo's Hlore.
A. S. HlGCISlSOTII wi, N. G.
, U.R. Doud, Sec'y.
i^^. 15. Crawford, s. V. (\.
%<y'' vC'Sj' CAMPMENT, No. 17,
I.O. 0. F., meets ev?
ery Wednesday night
in hall of Bluegrass
l.odge, No. 142.
W. ?. BrjCKNEB, 0. P.
A. S. HlQGIXBOTIIAM,
A. W. L.vxnox, 1'. C. I*. Scribe.
AJ. & S. V. MAY. ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Taze?
well. Va. Practice lu the courts of Tazewell
comity and In the Court of Appeals at Wvthevjlle,
Va. Particular uttcntion paid to the collection ol
BARNS & BARNS. ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Taze?
well, Ya. Practice In the courts of Taxe well
comity. Court of Appeals at Wytheville and the
Federal courts at Abingdon. C. J. Barns, John T.
CHAPMAN & GILLESPIE. ATTORNEYS AT
LAW, Tazewell, Va. Practice in all the courts
of Tazewell county and Court of Appeals at
Wytheville. J. W. chapman, A. P. Gillespie.
FULTON & COULLING, ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Tazewell, Ya. Practice in the courts of Taze?
well county. S. M. B. Couling will continue his
pgL?'tice in all the courts of Buchanan countv. J.
Ilfulton, Wytheville, Ya. S. M. B. Couling,
CKEEVER ? GILLESPIE, LAWYERS, Tazewell
O Va. Prfti..; c'. n the courts of Tazewell and ad
oiniiig counties. Office?Stras building. Edgar
L. Greever. Burns Gillespie.
GEO. W. ST. cla1r, ATTORNEY AT LAW
Tazewell. Ya. Practices in the courts of Taze
woll und adjoining counties and in the Supreme
Court of Appeals at Wytheville. Particular at?
tention puid to tha collection oi claims. Office?
HC. ALDERSON, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Taze
i well, Ya. Wi". practice in the courts of Taze?
well countv .'.ua the Court of Appeals at Wythe?
ville. Collecting a specialty.
I/INCENT L. SEXTON, ATTORNEY AT LAW,
? Tazewell, Ya. Will practice in the courts ol
.Tazewell and adjoining counties. Particular at?
tention paid to the collection of claims. Office in
WB. SPRATT, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Rleh
i lands, Ya. Practices in the courts of Taze?
well and adjoining counties. Prompt attention
paid to the collection of claims.
JH. STUART. ATTORNEY AT LAW, Tazew
i Va. Land titles in McDowell and Logan coun?
ties, West Virginia, a specialty. Office in Stras
HENRY & GRAHAM, LAWYERS. Tazewell, Va,
Office In buildinf? near Court House. R. R,
Henry. S. C. Grahura. B. W. Stras.
Anvone sending a sketch and description may
quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an
invontlon is probably patentable. Communica?
tions strictly confidential. Handbook on Patents
sont free. Oldest atrency for securing patents.
^Patents taken through Munn & Co. receive
rtjjini notice, without charge, in the
A handsomely Illustrated weokly. largest cir?
culation of any scientific Journal. Terins, t~i a
j-oar: four months, 11. Sold by all newsdealers.
MUNN fi to.361Broad^ New York
Branch Office, 636 F St. Washington, D. C.
The peasant sowed, unrecompcnsed. In
An army rode and trampled down his grain;
Another year?behold the harvest yield
Sprang rich and golden from the trampled
Tho minor delved In darkness and despair:
His tears concealed the trove his hand laid
Ills orphaned child, years after, found the
J And. lo. It glorified a diadem!
I The friar sang a vesper, sweet and clear;
i Without his cell a monarch paused to hear;
j Tho friar slept, nor ever dreamed that he
I Had sung to kings and sweetened history!
The brave knight rode, famcless and all
' The hrave knight fell, and none reared him
; Ills faithful swerd, borne by another's
I One day brought Joy and freedom to his
The great man lived, lonely and poor and
The great man died, and but a beggar
A thousand years?and lo. In twilight's
Ten thousand pilgrims kneel beside his
Faint heart, be bravo and banish thy de?
L<ook to th? past?find vindication there;
Our little lives make God's rewards seem
Rut recompensed are they who work and
?Burritt Hamilton, In Carleton's Every
> The Man Who Hang On
> By W. BERT FOSTER.
TUE r?ttle of the Gazette's press was
the only sound in the long, one
storied brick structure occupied by its
editorial and printing rooms. The half
grown boy who, with Judson himself,
made up the stun* of the paper, kept the
press going steadily, a feat learned by
long practice. lie reached up one hand,
shoved a sheet down to the guides, keep?
ing the crank turning with his foot and
the other hand, and the old machine rat?
tled on like a skeleton fluttering- in the
Beyond the partition, In the little
square apartment dignified by the name
of office, though, almost as bare and un?
sightly as the printing-room, sat Jud?
son, proprietor and editor of the Ga?
zette, his elbows resting on the desk
lid, his face in his hands. There was a
hopelessness in his attitude, a despair?
ing stoop to his shoulders, which re?
vealed, more than did the shabbinessof
his apparel and of the little oflice, the
depths to which he had come.
Judson had come out from the east five
years before, with nil the hope and en?
thusiasm of a boundless ignorance of
tho country to which he had journeyed,
to carve his fortune. In these five years
he had gained quantities of experience,
but the fortune hod thus far proved
elusive?very elusive Indeed.
JJe had put his faith in the then
promising settlement of Bird City, and
had started In to mould and guide pub?
lic thought through the columns of the
Gazette. But as the months passed the
enthusiasm of the Bird City citizens be?
gan to die out. The town had been built
upon the flat prairie, le.igues from a
river of any importance and without
nny other tie of communication with j
the restof the world. It had been rosily
prophesied by the founders of the town
that it would one day become a great
railway center. The nearest railway, 1
however, still remained 20-odd miles ,
Bird City was not even the center of j
"a thriving farming country." Thriv?
ing farming sections are growing
scarce in thenvest these years. Slowly
at first, the Jopulatipn of the town de?
camped. ItVas a suggestively unfor?
tunate nam<*-Blrd City; It was soon
literally spwading Its wings and mi?
grating to ither and more promising
But Juison hung on. At first his
faith In thJ ultimate success of the town
boom ivanunshaken. The great V. W.
& X. M. frould throw out a branch lino
which mult take Bird City in as its cen?
ter of operations. Then, when faith hat)
grown cold, pride kept him at his post
Finances were at their lowest possible
ebb. Be had been at work nil night set?
ting up the paper now on the rattling
old press in the other room. When the
edition was off he should have to tell
Sawyer to go. The paper had not taken
In a single subscription or a dollar for
advertising In a fortnight. Judson's
overcoat had bought the Ink necessary
to get out this present issue. The
thought made him shiver as he sat be?
fore the desk, for the wind was begin?
ning to blow chill across the prairie.
The old press stopped its asthmatic
rattle, and Sawyer brought in one of
the damp sheets.
"She's getting warmed up now, an'
the 'rag' looks pretty well," he said.
"Why don't you have a fire in here?"
"I'm not cold," returned Judson,
reaching out a blue hand for the paper.
Sawyer cast a glance Into the empty
wood-box, as he went back into the
"Better come In here. I've got a
Judson spread the paper upon the
desk nnd loked at it. With all his pov?
erty, the Gazette did not show it typo?
graphically. It made a fnr neater ap?
pearance than many more prosperous
papers. The Gazette was not unknown
among Its contemporaries, either. Its
well-turned editorials and pointed para?
graphs upon general matters were
widely copied, sometimes with credit
given, oftener without. Several city
dailies were notably brighter editorial?
ly the day after the Gazette reached
Judson put the best that was?in him
inTO-tue paper. It was his child, fhe
offspring of his brain. The exercise of
those talents which in college had been
?the basis of the faculty's brilliant
prophecies regarding him made 1he Ga?
zette n really valuable publication. But
scarcely a dozen of Bird City's scanty
population recognized that fact.
He threw asilde the paper nt lns/t and j
rose. At 'the farther end of the street |
was a man?one of the few merchants
remaining in the torch?who owed him i
i a bill. lie would try to collect it, and,
: if successful, could pay Sawyer and per?
haps have n bit left. But he hesitated
as a sudden puff of wind shook the
I loosened windows and swept in beneath
the door; he shrank from facing the
But the trip was necessary. The man
would never come to him, and it was
urgent that he should have the money,
lie folded up several exchanges nnd
placed them across his chest, buttoning
his coat tight!}' over them. One never
realizes how much protection from the
cold ft newspaper Is until he has tried
But while he still hesitated the door
suddenly swung open and a visitor en?
tered. At a glance Jud-son saw that he
was not a resident of Bird City. lie
sat down, slipped the papers from un?
der his coat and assumed his most busi?
"The wind is actually fierce to-day,"
said the stranger, smiling, lie drew off
his gloves and took the remaining chair
in the little office. "Doesit always blow*
this way in these parts?"
"It's apt to at this season, What can
I do for you?" inquired Judson.
"This is the office of the Gazette, isn't
"You're the only paper In town?"
"We certainly have that distinction."
The visitor glanced over the room.
"I guess you're no better off than most
country papers, eh?" he suggested,
"Well," admitted Judson, "we nrc no!
"I've been through your town," said
the o:her. "It's like n gravevard, isn't
"Well, at this time of year?"
"Yes, yes, I know. These boom towns
always do fJump. By the way,"?b*?
leaned over and tapped the society pin
on the lapel of Judsou's shabby coat?
"by the way, we should know each
other." ne displayed the same insignia
upon hlsown waistcoat; and they shook
hands. The visitor offered Judson a
cigar, and nothing further was 6aid till
they had "smoked up."
"Whut college?" Inquired the visitor,
behind his blue cloud.
"V don't-mean It! Ro'ml."
Thsy shook hands again. Judson
smiled and pulled nt the cigar luxuri?
ously. "I was in '69." he said.
"That so? I followed you out the
next year. Must have known of you.
The}- didn't tell me your name uptown
when I Inquired for the office of the
"It's Judson," said the proprietor of
"Judson 1 Not Mortimer Judson?"f
cried the other.
"The very same."
"By George! I'd never have known
you. You must remember me. I was
Stebbins, of '90."
"Little Stebbins, I drvhre! I should
not have known yon. You must corns
up to the house with me and meet my
wife. Bear! dear! I'd never have
thought of seeing one of the old Ik>vs
out here. Why. I used to pony you in
your Greek comps."
"Sure. And. thank heaven, I've for?
gotten every line of Greek I learned,
and have felt much ensicr ever since."
They both laughed, and Stebbins add?
ed; "But I should never have thought
to find you in this country. How is it?
Why, the place is nbsolutely dead!"
Judson hesitated and a little flush
dyed his cheek. "Things are not very
promising here just now, I grant you,"
he said, slowly. "But I think?that is,
I hope?that better times will come.
Bird City has an excellent site. When
the P. W. & X. M. throws-out its branch
line to the southwest?"
"By the way," Interrupted Stebbins,
'I'm connected with the P. W. <fe N.M."
"You don't say!"
governor's president. I'm sort
Han advance agent myself."
Htudson stopped smoking, lie looked
H*oss at the younger man; there was
Hnething in his eyes Stebbins did not
^?derstiind. He plainly ?nw evidence
? "hnrd times" in the little office; but
Hw hard these times were only the man
HKo hung on knew.
?"Yon see," said Stebbins, "the P. W.
B\". M. has finally decided to extend its
Huieh. We've beer, quietly at work for
Hr.e time, and ground Is already
^fcken between here and Bacine. The
Hitc proposed beTore the bcom has
Bn abandoned. Folks wanted too
BBieh for 'heir land. Now we've bought
? the land quietly and will have trains
Hining next summer. It's a good
Hng you hung on, Judson. This is
H:r lot buck here, I take It?" he ndd
H glancing out of the window. "Well,
Hi face the station. What I looked the
Hper up for is to advertise some titles.
Hey're too late for this week, I sup
HWe're running off the edition now,"
JHh Judson, weakly.
Hwell, no hurry. There'll be a good
Hi of this sort of stuff come your
Hy. You treat us white aud you'll
He nothing by it."
Hudson snt up and breathed again.
Hiis is big news for Bird City," he
Hi. "It will be the making erf it."
Hit'll be the making of your paper."
H Stebbins, cheerfully. "1 expected
H>ut our work out mostly in Racine;
HPt, of course, an old college friend and
a fellow of the same society?"
"Thank you," said Judson, gravely,
and he accepted the bundle of copy
Stebbins drew from his pocket.
"Ey the way," the railroad man add?
ed, "until we get this department In
some kind of runningorderyou needn't
look forpuyment through the usual red
tape channels. You figure up ihis stuff
now and I'll pay for it and get it off
my mind." ne drew a roll of notes from
"As you please," said the other, |
calmly, but he figured on the margin
of the slips with trembling fingers. Be
went to the door a moment later and
bowed his visitor out.
"I'll accept your invitation to dinner
some other duy," said Stebbins. "I
shall be around here most of the win?
Judson went back to his desk nnd
stared from the crisp bank notes to the
printed slips. Suddenly he called Saw?
yer. The clack of the press ceased, and
his satellite appeared.
"Sawyer," said the editor, with un?
shaken voice, "stop the press and pull
off the editorial page. We're going to
issue nn extra."
"A whatl" gasped Sawyer.
"Yes, sir. And, by the war, Sawyer,"
pursued Judson, calmly, "here's what
we owe yon to Saturday night. Be
quick about that form, please. I'll give
you the first 'take' of copy in a few
But after the wondering Sawyer de?
parted the man who hung on bowed his
head, and the tears fell upon the print?
ed slins and the bank notes strewn over
lue uesK na.?uppmcott-'s Magazine.
How the Large Snr.m Voted to Fortify
Mnnllu WiTf Pocketed by Cor
rai?t Nava! Ottlclalx.
[ The China mail of Hong-Kong-, which
was delayed lately In the'San Francisco
post ofllce, contains gome Manila cor?
respondence that is interesting and has
not been published. One correspondent
gives detnlls of the exposure of the dis?
honesty and Incompetence of Spanish
authorities ;it Manila. lie says:
"Startling evidences of rottenness
were revealed when the advent of the
American squadron made a hasty over?
hauling of the defenses at Manila neces?
sary. The condition of affairs un?
earthed is probably without parallel in
the military or naval history of any
modern European power. Where large
sums had been granted to purchase ord?
nance and ammunition it wai diseov
creel that the officials had enriched 1
themselves at the expense of the state
and had allowed the service to go to the
' "The mines end torpedoes defending
the bay of Manila were more or les.s
mythical. Until a supply of worn-out |
cable had been purchased from the j
Sberard Osborn wherewith to render
mines effective there were no mines, !
and, even at the time of Dewey's attack, I
it is assarted by those who ought to j
know that the approaches to Manila I
were not guarded us they might have I
been. Some ?torpedoes were in slock at I
the government arsenal at Cavite, and
these were refurnished for the emer?
gency, but important parts were dis?
covered to be missing, and it is doubtful
if they were successfully replaced."
Another correspondent gives details
of the bombardment of Cebu, the third
largest city of the Philippines, which
was nearly destroyed by the Spanish.
There was no excuse for this destruc?
tion, as had the Spanish landed a force
of troops they could have easily driven
out the rebels. At the first lire the in?
surgents decamped, taking $200,000 in
cash with them.?N. Y. Sun.
A SURPRISE FOR SPAIN.
Gen. Georce \V. \Vin?nte on American
Markmnan.shlp?Our Soldler? a?
Skillful im Our Sailors.
"When our soldiers meet the soldiers
of Spain in battle," said Gen. George
W. Wingate, who has been called "the
father of rifle practice in America," "it
jwfll be seen that the difference in the
shooting of the two armies with small
guns is as great as the diffei-er.ee of the
two navies with big guns. The Span
lards have demonstrated that they can?
not nse modern cannon to any advan?
tage, while our navy has astonished the
world by the accuracy of its fire. The
same thing in regard to rifles will be
found when our troops and Spain's
come together. I am notafrald to main?
tain that in all the world you will not
find any soldiers who are such good
marksmen as ours, and the men. of the
national guard arc not far behind.
"The great skill in marksmanship
which Is possessed by the regular army
and the national guard is expected to
give them an overwhelming advantage
over the Spaniards. The latterare mis?
erable shots and under poor fire dis?
cipline. In the battles with the Cubans
it was reported that every time the
Spaniards fired they emptied the maga
zincs of their rifles, which contain five
cartridges, without taking any particu?
lar aim, and consequently without do?
ing any damage. Our troops, cn the
other hand, are trained shots, and their
fire will be deadly.
"Special attention has been pain in
the uriny to firing as skirmishers. In
the skirmishers' practice the men star:
at 000 yards and go toward the target
at the 'double' until a bugle Founds.
The-n they throw themselves down and
fire as many shots as they can at the
target during half a minute. A^ain the
bugle soundf, and they rise, run for?
ward for a hundred yards, lie down and
fire again. They keep this up till with?
in 200 yards of the target, nt which
point they turn aixl retreat, lying1 down
and firing in the same manner. They
have practiced this till tbey can work
their guns so fast that it looks as if
a continuous stream of fire wnsccminp
from the muzzles. At the same time
they have attained great accuracy. The
same thilngis well done by the national
guard of Massachusetts, New Jersey
and some other states, but New York
Jias yet done little in teaching her na?
tional guardsmen to lire as skirmishers.
"For the improvement in rifle prac?
tice which has taken place since 1S72,
pad which Gem Sherman once said was
equivalent 1o adding a division to the
?strength of the army, the country is
indebted, first, to the national guard of
the state of New York; second, to the
Twenty-second regiment, and, third, to
company A, of that regiment."?Chi?
A prison chaplain recently related at
a religious meeting one cf his experi?
ences in a convict prison. He had vis?
ited a sick prisoner, and told the warder
that If the man grew worse in the night
he?the chapkln?was to be called. In
the morning he found that the prisoner
'iad died in the night; and culling upon
the warder to account for his neglect,
the latter assured him that it was all
right, for he had "offered a few words"
himself. The following appear to have
been the words of comfort that the
warder found appropriate to the oc?
casion: Warder?"Awkins, you have
been a bad 'un.** Prisoner (wearily)?
"Yes, sir, I 'eve." Warder?" 'Awkins,
there is no 'ope for you." Prisoner
(sadly)? "No, sir, no 'ope." Warder
^relentlessly)?M 'Awkins, you will go
to a bad place." Prisoner (turning rest
cssly)?"Yes, yes." Warder?" 'Aw
ins, be thankful that you have a place
?o go to."?Household Words.
His Mouth Just the Same.
A rough country squire, dining for
?be first time at Hamilton, had been
served between the second course with
a sweet dish containing cream or Jelly,
and with it the servant handed him a
deEsert spoon. The laird turned it
round and round in his great list nnd
said to the servant: **Wbai did you gie
me this for, ye fule? Do ye think ma
mooth has got any smaller since a lnppit
up my soup?"?Sir Maxwell's Memoirs.
A tea punch that Is a refres-hlng
drink is made from the juice of three
lemons and of the same number of or?
ange?, with the pulp and juice of one
shredded pi-r.capple. Add one pint of
sugar and let stand till sugar is dis?
solved. Pour one quart of boiling wa?
ter over one tablespoonful of Ceylon
or any strong tea and let it stand till
cold. Strain and add to the fruit and
pulp juice; add one quart of Apol?
linaris, three or four limes and as many
figs cut in very small pieces. Later in
the season a quart box of fresh ft raw
berries, raspberries or cherries is to be
nsed instead of the dried fruit. Pour
over a block of ice in the nun oh howl.?
Drink In Xenral?lu.
Sufferers from neuralgia are warned
by a medical writer not to drink tea. but
to partake freely of coffee into which
the juice cf a lemon has been squeezc-d.
A Remarkable Compound Soon to
Be Used in Our Navy.
Some IntorcMtlii/r Partleolara of it*
Manufacture?it Im Far Superior
to t!i?; Drown Powder
It has been remarked that gunpowder
j Is to tho gun what the soul is to the
' body. It gives it life and makes it of
I some account. It is the mentis to an
j end. Gunpowder drives the shot that
I the man behind the gun aims at the
enemy, and enables him, if be Ik.- as
skillful as most of the marksmen in
the United Slates navy are, to demolish
his target, whether it ben bird or a man
or a ship or n fort.
Ordinary gunpowder, the kind one
buys in a store, is a mechanical mixture
of 75 parts of snitpctire, 1;"' parts of char?
coal and 10 parts of sulphur. The prop?
erties sueli a mixture possesses may be
altered Jo any desired extent by chang?
ing these proportions; tho method of
treatment also modifies the character
of the resulting powder, and the size
und shape of the grain likewise influ?
ence the notion of gunpowder.
To manufacture gunpowder quanti?
ties of eaefo ingredient are thoroughly
mixed in the proper proportions, in a
machine called a mixer; the composi?
tion resulting from this is known as
green powder. Green powder must be
subjected to the incorporation process,
an extremely dangerous one, for it Is
in the incorporating room that nearly
all powder mill explosions occur.
The green powder is put Into a tub,
where heavy runners of three or four
tons weight grind it into a homogene?
ous mixture. After incorporation the
"mill cake," ns it is called, is crushed
between gun metal rollers, then it is !
subjected to different treatment, ac?
cording to the kind of powder to be
produced, whefber grain, pebble or
prismatic. Granulated powder is the
ordinary grain gunpowder of com?
merce. Pebble powder, or giant pow?
der, or blasting powder?for all three
are practically the same?is quite like
grain powder, except that each grain is
of the average size of a pebble. Pris?
matic powder as the kind used in our
service to drive shot home, therefore
a short description of it may not lx> un?
The powder charges for guns of the
United States navy are made up of hex?
agonal prisms of brown gunpowder.
Prown gunpowder contains usually
ubout 82 parts of nitre, three parts of
sulphur and 15 parts of undcrburned
charcoal, which accounts- for the choc?
olate color of the powder. Prismatic
powder passes through the same proc?
ess as other powders, only the grains
are pressed into prisms by hydraulic
machinery instead of being separated
and glazed. The prisms thus formed
are one inch high and three-quarters of
an Inch on the sides; there is a round
hole, Laif an inch in diameter, through
the middle of each hexagon.
Powder charges for all our guns not
using fixed ammunition with metallic j
cartridges are put up in woolen serge j
cartridge bags, the prisms forming the
charge being carefully piled up in lay?
ers of the diameter of the chamber of I
the gun, one on top of the other, so j
that the holes in the piles will be coin- I
eident. Brown prismatic powder ig?
nites slowly; it is, therefor*, necessary
to put into each cartridge a prism or
two of quick-burning black powder in
the center of the bottom layer, next to
the breech plug. By this means the
flame is quickly distributed through the
entire charge. Each full charge in its
bag is kept in a copper cylinder with re- :
movable heads. The cylinder is passed ;
from the magazine of the ship up to
the gun, where the ends are removed I
and the charge pushed Into the gun
chamber. All the powd?. r charges in I
service cn board our ships are brown
pririnaitic, though smokelets jM.nvdcr is j
being tried, with a view to its adoption.
Smokeless powder is so called because
when exploded i: produces no smoke.
As a matter of fact, however, a light,
thin, transparent vapor is usually seen,
bat it quickly disappears. Smokeless
powders, from the nature of the In?
gredients employed in making them,
leave no residue when exploded, the
products of Ute combustion being gas?
eous, whereas in ordinary gunpowders,
whether black or brown, the products
are partly gaseous and partly solid, the
solid parts being visible in the deposit
left in the bore of the gun, in the bits
of fire blown out of the muzzle at the
time of discharge and in (he thick,
heavy smoke that hangs about, obscur?
ing the view.
The composition of the smokeless
powder used in our navy is not known
except that guncottou is the principal
ingredient; in ail powders of this class
soma high explosive like guncotton,
nitroglycerin, the picrates or a combi?
nation of those ?s employed as a base.
The smokeless powder made at Newport
for our navy is a hard, lustreless sub?
stance of a light yellowish color. It is
put up in the form of sticks resembling
vermicelli in size and appearance; that
for the large caliber guns looks like
macaroni, having a cylindrical hole
through the stick. ? The largest size
stick is about three-eighths inch in di
emeter with a hole through it aboul
one-sixth inch in diameter.
Smokeless powder is extensively used
abroad, nearly every foreign country
having some powder peculiar to itself.
The one with which we are most fa?
miliar is the English cordite. The guns
recently purchased from the Armstrong
firm, in England, and mounted on board
the New Orleans use cordite in their
It is but a question of time when in
our navy brown gunpowder will be su?
perseded by smokelets gunpowder.?
X. V. nernld.
THE MOTHER'S DUTIES.
There Are Some Thing? Which
Cannot nc Left for Serv?
ant* to Do.
Befined women like to perform cer?
tain household tasks themselves in or?
der to be certain they are done in the
way they should be. It is a delight
for a womanly woman to do housework
when it is simplified so that it does not
become drudgery. Xo "prentice hand"
can do certain household tasks as they
should be done. There is a great deal
of the work of a home that requires
a certain refinement of method.
A coarse person never learns to pre?
pare certain vegetables and ecok them
properly. A person with trained eyes
does not need to be told to separate
the coarse, overgrown peas from the
tender, young ones and to cook them
'separately. This is always done in
French houses, where the mistress of
the house is proud of her perfection in
culinary matters and dees not leave
important details to servants. It ha3
frequently been said that no one but
an intelligent cook can prepare string
beans correctly, leaving not one fiber
to tell a'talc Of carelessness when the
;dish is served. A small uortion of
gritty sand left in the spinach will spoil
the dinner for a sensitive person. Yet
it requires a certain delicacy of touch
to wash spinach so exactly and carefully
that this never occurs.
The pre paration cf food, the selection
of food and the entire arrangement of
food upon Uie table are things that dc
; anand refinement of taste, and cannot be
trusted to a coarse, uneducated man
or girl. It is the delicate seasoning, the
various dishes that are chosen to nc
I company each other, as well as the touch
; of tasty garnishes and the manner in
winch they are put upon the table, that
makes a meal pleasant as much us the
! fineness of the china, silver and napery.
I It Is the thought >f*The refined mistress
j of the house, visible in every arrange
I meat, that makes the refined home ?'hat
I it is. It is. in short, that minute care
; of all the details of home, such as only
a refined woman can give, which gees
to make up the comfort of the haven
of peace and rest that a true man or
woman longs to find in a home Such a
home causes the owner to pity t'hosc
who have found "their warmest wel
! come at an inn."
The house that is under the charge of
servants, to which the mistress does
not devote any thought and time, usual?
ly degenerates iato a poor sort of pri?
vate inn, lacking the system of a pub?
lic house and possessing its coarseness
in proportion to the amount of money
spent upon it. A house run by servants
Is always an expensive and usually the
most unsatisfactory makeshift for n
home that can be imagined. It ia not
strange, when so many women refuse
to attend to tlielr duties as housekeep?
ers, and yet are unable to provide any?
one superior to the untutored, ignorant
maid, that so many homes are broken
Girls who marry with the foolish idea
I that it is their husband's duty to sup?
port thorn in comparative idleness are
making a serious mistake. It is a wife's
duty to work and build up a home by
prudence and industry in home manage?
ment as much ns it is their husband's
to werk outside and to provide money.
It is only a person of great wealth who
can afford to hire a refined person to
take her own place as housekeeper.
Only a comparatively coarse woman
can resign her place of housekeeper to
an ordinary maid-servant, and her fam?
ily must suffer because of it. The loss
of the mother as the power at the hedrn
is one of the greatest evils that can be?
fall a family. A refined woman will let
no other cause but physical incapacity
keep her from attending to her highest
duties?those upon which the comfort
and health of her family depend.
There will never be a race of servants
trained who can take the place of the
house-mother. For the development cf
the highest race it is not desirable that
the refined mother should be superseded
in the supreme care of her children. It
is not desirable that refined children
should ever be turned over to servants,
however carefully these may be trained.
?N. Y. Tribune.
STRANGE TELEPHONE USES.
A Cincinnati Mr.n Fajra $108 to Hear
the. Voices of HI* Family?Attend
ins Meeting* by 'Phone.
It was a Cincinnati man who rushed
Into a long-distance telephone office,
carrying his grip ns if fresh from his
train, and asked to be connected with
He had nothing in particular to say,
but it seemed to give him pleasure to
hear the voices of the dear ones in the
home he had left. First the wife ex?
changed a few words; then, one after
another, each of the five children came
to the 'phone and "helloed." told about
their school trials and triumphs and re?
lated the doings of the pet pony and
the cat and the canary. ?
Every five minutes, as is the custom
in costly long-distance work, the man?
ager notified the proud papa, but he
always answered: "I'll take five min?
utes more" until, last of all, the baby
had been held up to the transmitter and
had piped: "ilcllo, papa!"
Then the Cincinnati man paid $103
and went away happy. 1
It only cost a Chicago man about ten
dollars to telejfijonelrrom Bomewhere in
Michigan to Iiis dog. He was called
away from home suddenly or. business. '
The animal was missing him terribly,
the family wrote, refused to take his j
meals and might die Of course, let?
ters and telegrams didn't reassure the
pining dog, though his friends tried ?
hard to explain things.
So the dog was taken to n telephone
receiver, .and at the other end of the
wire the Chicago man began a series of
cheerful, if slightly, inane remarks: '.
"YYha' ze matter, old boy?" he began, i
and the dog commenced to prick up its '
cars. "Brace up, old fellow. Was its '
precious dog-urns lonesome, hey? Too
bad! Shouldn't leave- him, so be
shouldn't. Coming back soon, dogums. ,
There now. Be a good dog and dontcc
When the conversation ceased the clog
barked, as much as to say: "Can't make
me believe he's dead after that."
There have been many cases of court?
ship by long-distance telephone; a little
Ingenuity and a few round, white dol?
lars often enable an absent one to keep
himself not forgotten, even in a mul?
tiplicity of suitors buzzing about the
girl he left behind him.
And, of course, cases are accumulat?
ing until they are no longera novelty of
bank and corporation directors attend?
ing meetings by 'phone, or even presid
i ng over meetings 1,000 miles or so away.
The long-distance telephone enables
men Ln distant cities to discuss and close
great business deals ns comfortably as
if they were in the same office.?N. Y.
ENGINEERS FOR THE ARMY.
Hardships and Peril the Lot of the
Mechanical It ranch of
The present quite large United States
army has been found deficient in the im?
portant matter of engineers, the bat?
talion consisting of ouly 500 men. A '.
brigade of three regiments of volunteer
engineers :s now being recruited?two
in the west and one in the cast. These
are special organizations which the
president has been authorized to accept.
These regiments arc made up entire?
ly of skilled mechanics of ail kinds?
general utility or handy men?who can
do almost anything of a mechanical na?
ture Among them are found machin?
ists, electricians, telegraph linemen,
carpenters, timber framers, tunnel men,
bridge men, erccters, iron men, riggers,
lumbermen, boatmen, railroad men and
These men are being chosen with
great care, none but first-class workmen
passing muster. No class of men enter?
ing the army make so great a sacrifice,
from n pecuniary-standpoint, as do these
engineers. They all earn good wages?
none less than three dollars, end some
more than four dollars a flay?at their
trades. They resign this lucrative em?
ployment to serve their country for
$20.40 per month ns first-class privates
and $15.G0 as second-class privates.
Each company consists of 91 men,
who arc graded by the officers. Their
mechanical knowledge and ability as
workers are to be utilized in the con?
struction, and destruction of fortlfioa
aii4 you euro its consequences. These are
some of tho consequences of constipation :
Biliousness, loss of appetite, pimples, sour
stomach, depression, coated tongue, night
! mare, palpitation, cold feet, debility, diz
I ziness, weakness, backache, vomiting,
I jaundice, piles, pallor, stitch, irritability,
nervousnc s, headache, torpid liver, heart
I burn, foul breath, sleeplessness, drowsi?
ness, hot skin, cramps, throbbing head.
Are a Sxro Su*c
D?*. J. C. Aycr's Pills are a specific for
all diseases of the liver, stomach, and
" I suffered from constipation which as?
sumed sue!: an obstinate form that I feared
it would cause a Btoppage of the. bowels.
After vainly trying various remedies, I be?
gan to take Ayer's Pills. Two boxes effected
a complete cure."
D. BURKE, Saco, Me,
"For ei$ht years I was afflicted with
constipation, which became so bad that the
doctors could do no mere for me. Then I
began to tako Ayer's Pills, ar.-i soon the
bowels recovered "their natural action."
WM. H. DeLAUCETT, Dorset, Ont
TUE PILL THAT WILL.
nons, Held works, intrenchmcnts,
bridges, roads, railroads, tunnels and
general field engineering work. In ad?
dition to their regular service they are
aimed and drilled ns infantry soldiers,
and are expected to fight when neces?
sary, particularly in their ow n defense.
Their position is a hazardous one,
since they will often lie called upon to
work under the direct fire of the enemy.
They will, as n matter of course, be well
supported, but they, rather than the In?
fantry that undertakes to protect then.,
will draw the Spanish fire.
These regiments will prove invaluable
in Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philip?
pines, where much engineering work
must be done. One company of the reg?
ulars has already sailed for Manila.?
Mr. Upjohn?And you Invited the
Higbups to come and dine with us to?
morrow, when you knew jour house
cleaning Isn't half done?
Mrs. Upjohn?Certainly. It will be I
raining cuts and dogs. The}' won't
come, and we will have paid a social
debt, I generally know what I'm do- ;
leg. John.?Chicago Tribune.
The Judge?What is your occupa- ,
Prisoner?Please, yer wurship, I'm a
"You a banker! Impossible!" j(
"Picnse, yer wurshup, I fish along tho ;'
Tops are being manufactured which
are spun by a current of air directed by
u blowpipe into the curved channels ex?
tending outward from a central open?
ing in the top.?X. Y. Sun.^
(Near Courthouse square)
TAZEWELL, - VIRGINIA.
surface & im~-: pii?J^
Livery stable attached. Good Sample
Rooms.' Table fare the bpst. Nice Bed?
All persons whomsoever are hereby no
tified ami warned not to hunt, fish, ride,
walk, drive stock across or otherwise tres
pass on my premise.-, for the law against all
such will be rigidly enforced.
Samuel T. Hesningeb.
April :i0, 1898. 4-21-?m
SEMINARY FOB S?LE,
The valuable property known as the
fa/.ewe!! Female Seminary is for sale. It
is a new and huge building and located on
me of the principal slreetsof the town. It
an be used for school or other purposes.
For terms apply to
GEO. W. ST. CLAIM.
1.27-tf. Tazewell, Va.
Job Work. ..
Is complete. All kinds |j
of work done neatly and promptly. ?g
and Special Jobs.
Our prices will he as low as those
of any first-class ofl'ce.
Satis faction Guaranteed.
Have You Property
You Went to Sell ?
Place it with
Clinch Valley Real Estate Agency.
It will cost yon nothing unices sales are
made. We give below a description of
gome of the properties now in our bands:
I acres of line land in the corporation
of Richlands, south of Clinch River, all in
a high slate of < ultivation, nearly one-half
in rivci bottoms, splendid, new, 8-room
house and all necessary out-buildingB.
Price $3000, one-third cash, residue 1, 2
and 3 year.-. Title perfect.
214 acre* of fine blue grass land, all
cleared but about 30 acres, 4-room bouse,
two barns with othei outside buildings,
fine spring ol never-failing water, school
bouses and churches nearby, -rood fences,
about one mile sooth of Doran, N. cc W.
U.R. Would sell in two parts. Price $25
per acre,one-third cash, residue I, 2 and
20,000 acres of the finest coal lands in
Virginia, in the counties of Tazewell and
Buchanan. Price given upon examination
A goad dwelling with ts rooms, at Rich
land.-, $:;??, half cash, one and two years.
This is a bargain.
214 acres of land in Baptist Valley, 120
acres cleared, rest in good timber, 'i-room
house, 1 -rood barn and other necessary
out-buildings, water in the yard and a line
white sulphur spring 200 yards from the
house, which is NOTED FOR ITS ME?
DICINAL QUALITIES, $3200, half cash,
residue 1 and 2 vein s.
170 acres ol line land within two miles of
Cedar Bluff and Pounding Mill, 1?0 acres
cleared and 20 acres of splendid white oak
timber, excellent Water in yard, line, large
orchard, trood (i-room dwelling, new barn
60x34 feet, good stables and convenient to
house, fences and all buildings in excellent
repair. Price (4,500, ?i,000 cash, balance
in 1, 2 and 3 years.
A farm of 7 >ij acres in Thompson Valley,
all cleared except two acres, new six room
dwelling outside work completed, good
barn, stable, two new corn cribs, granary, '
apple house, splendid spring, trood fences,
250 fruit trees selected fruit. Trice ?1,4.30,
one-half cash balance on time. This is a
Parin of 118 acres at Graham, ">0 to GO
acres cleared. '?) good gardens, five room
dwelling, gooi 1 stable, ice house, coal house,
corn crib, etc. About 50 acres in grass.
This land can be bought at a bargain.
Terms given on application.
275 acres of fine grass and grain lands
between Cedar Bluff and Pounding Mill,
200 acres cleared in a high state of culti?
vation, balance in tine timbet, good six
room house, all necessary out buildings,
good barn 7? x 50 feet, good never-failing
spring within 40 yards of barb, farm and
buildings in good repair, 5 acres in orch?
ard. Price S2? per acre, one half cash,
1 talance on easy terms. This land is adopt?
ed to all kinds of grain and grass, and is n
2?0 acres of the choicest blue grass and
grain lands in Tazewell County. '?) miles
south of Cedar Bluff, all cleared but about
40 acres of line timber. Well watered
with 21 springs of limestone water. 40
acres bottom balance rolling, ami in a high
state of cultivation, can all be cultivated,
rwostory frame building, all necessary
i>u! buildings, a fine apple on-hard, one
icre in grapes. Price $9000. Terms $2000
sasfi, residue from one to ten years time,
party old and does not need the money.
Fliis is a bargain that can be seen only
Mice in a life time. If you dont believe it
tome and ,-ee.
For particulars call on
WM. C. PENDLETON,
? Tazewell, Va.,
Or VV. Ii. SPRATT,
mq Seh iuie in Effect
MAY 1st, 1S9S.
TWAINS I.KAV1'- TAZEWELL
1.30 p. m. daily and 2.39 p. m. daily ex
a. in. daily and 10.55 a. in. daily ex
TIO.I/'PTQ SOLD TO
i i^rxc ! w all points
OHIO, INDIANA, illinois
rYEST, H0RTH-WE8T, SOUTH-WEST.
FIRSTCLASS, Si "OND CLASS
AND EMIGRAn TICKETS.
-the best ROliTE TO the
North aivd East.
tollman Yestibuled Coaches,
Sleeping and Dining Cars.
SEE that yol'r tickets BEAD over the
NORFOLK & WESTERN RAILROAD
CHEAPEST, BEST ANt. QUICKEST LINE.
Write for. Kates, Maps, Time-Tables
descriptive Pamphlets to any Sucion
\gent, or to
V. B. Bevill, Ai.i.en Hill, M. F. Hraco,
Gcn'l Pass gt. Diw Pass. Agt
TAZEWELL DYE HOUSE,
MAIN ST., TAZEWELL, VA.
We the undersigned cheerfully recom
nend to tlie public the above firm to clean
>r dye all soiled or old clothing in a satis
actorv manner. Stuart. Bowks.
Gbo. R. Surface.
W. (i. Haerisson.
W. I). BuCKNER.
K. W. Donn.
W. (i. Young.
.Ixo. T. Barns.
T. E. Geobgb.
T. A. Lynch.
.). F. Hurt.
a 8 a
Why run the risk of eating adulterated
JK_Ips ?7-,"' %-\ Uonr when you can get perfectly pure flour
by buying that manufactured at home?
fj? .0<^?1,W'*^ter /A^yC^fc* ? We guarantee our flour to be ?made from
1 v.,- s u 1 o w?l!od!
? ^r**?*^ - and uk good as the best.
Our miller; are sk;lle I in heir b if nesf.
Try any of our brand- of ficur an 1 yo i will bi Fatigued.
Our meal and chop are up to t'to stan lard.
Cedar Bluffi Va., June 2i, 180S.