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I Weefcly Jonrnal Devoled to ihe Interests of Uncaster Ccimty in Parlicu.ar; ihe Koithfrn Heck and Rappahannock Valley in General, and the World at large.
IRVINGTON, VIRGINIA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 26, 1900.
Highest quality at prices to
meet all coinpetition.
H. ? G. W. LORO, BOSTQN, MkSS.
Makere of Poands, Trapa, Selnea
aad I'ill Net*.
CHINA-WARE ALMOST GIVEN AWAY.
J3<*-Piece Moely Decorated Tea Set. ... $l.!KS.
1112-Picce, Eniclish Chinn. Fiue Decorated Dinner Set, only ?3.?8.
Flno Decorated Chamber Seta, - l.OO.
Fancy 1'arlor Lauips, ...... g?j ct8.
S. W. CORMER WAY AND BELAIR MARKET. BALTIMORE. MD.
*^m FRANK 0. WATKINS & CO.,
409 E. Pratt St., BALTIMORE, MD.,
** BTJILIDIlsrc MAXERIAL.
S VSII. FRAME8, 11 AND KA1LS,
BOORS, MANTELS. s \\Yl-:i> and
BLINDS, MOULDINC3S, Tl'RNED WORK,etc.
ALL KINDS at LOW PR'tES. ODD WORK made PHOMPTLY.
Carter's Oil Clothing
WOONSOCKET AND BOSTON RHODE ISLAND AND BAY STATE
BOOTS AND SHOES. BOOTS AND SHOES,
tiOOBYEAR GLOVE COMPANY'8 tiOODS.
MONTAGUE & BUNTING,
Rubber Goods and Oil Clothing,
17 Commercial Place, - - NORFOLK, VA.
JOHN L. ROPER LDMBEB COMPANY,
LUMBER & SHINGLES,
Rougb & Drooood N. C. Pine Luinber,
Cedar and Cypress Shingles,
Oedar Posts, Cypress Fencing, Fine Laths,
CEDAR BOAT BOARDS.
/fe call Special Mtention to our Cheap Grades of Shinglee and Flooring.
FRANK T. CLARK & CO., Ltd., j
(SiicccNNur.s to Cookc, Clark & Co.)
SASH, DOORS and BLINDS,
Mouldings, Stair Work,
Porch Trimmings, Tiling and Grates,
Hardwood and Slate Mantels,
Jlne Builder's Hardware, Paints, Oils and Qlass,
Euilding Material of Every Description.
28 Commercial Place,
49 Roanoke Avenue,
JNO. R. NEELY,
Wholeaalo and ReUll Dealar In
Doors, Sash, Blinds, Moulding,
Paints, Oils, Varnish, and Builders' Hardware.
Slate and Hardwood Mantels,
Rooflng and Sheeting Paper, etc.
Near Ferry; Gorner Queen and Water Streets
JOHN N. 1IAKT.
M. L. WATT8.
P. O. Uoi, 31.
OUP PHONK, 2163.
NKVI I'HONK, Mli.
HART & WATTS,
(Succeaaora to Jno. N. Hart.)
WHOLKSAI.K and RETA1L I M IWI PCP
Flooring, Ceiling, Laths,
Cypreaa and Plne Weatuer
boarda, Shingles, Cheatnut
and Cedar Posts, White Plne,
Poplar, Asb, Oak, Walnut,
Window and Door Franiea,
Store Fronta and Ftxturea,
Mouldinga, Bracketa, Newela,
(Jolunina, Baluatradea, Mantela,
Turned Work, etc.
Plkh, Ceestniit aud Qurrn Streets, PORTSMOUTH, VA.
Why Get Them Ready-Made
When you can get your Suits
made to order at ready-made
AT BROADWAY TAILORINC CO.,
231 S. BROADWAY, BALTIMORE, MD.
Our new Fall and Winter linea complete with styliah
Suitinga, Overcoating and Trouaering of the inost select
patterns at popular prices.
Our All-Wool $10.00 Suits to Oider are beauties.
Pants to Order, $3.00 and upwards.
An early call aolicited.
To my frlcnds of the Northern Neck i
After aome yeara I have reaumed the Tallorlng buaincaa. You know
me and know that 1 haye alwaya treated you rlght. Haviug atarted in
buainesa again I cordlally invltc you to reuew old aocial and buaineaa re
latioua by comlng lo ace me, or writlng me when In need of suita, panta
or overcoata. Very truly youra,
Prop- Broadway Tailoring Co.
If you are thinkinu of bnvine
Jewelry write ua and we will
seud prices on wkatajvef is
wanted. Ve bu\o ibe larg.
t*st atock of
In Baltimoreat all ptices
from 91 50 up.
Hraci let?, 1 00.
(for Braceleta), 10 to ,">0c.
Solid Gold Hca-ts, $1 00
Full line of Walchcu. CMorks,
Diamonda, Silvcrware, etc.
Mall ordera aoSiuitrsl ami prompt
W. J. MIILLER,
28 K. Baltimoro St.,
HARRY Ai LEOKARD, *
Jeweler and Engraver.
2 St. Paul Street (ncar llalto.),
tteferenec : Editor of thia jwpor.
JAMES MYER & CO.,
107 & 109 Light St.,
Flre-PUce Htetrrs, Rangrs,
llot-Air Furnnres. (00k Sio\ cs,
Iltuiig StoTes, 011 Stovrs.
and Gasollne Sloves
For tbe ncxt ">'> dnya all gtins iu
Btock, excopt Ki-inin^ioii*, go at
coat. Alao bargaiua in KitU-s, 1U
volvcrs, Trars, Targcta, Anuuuni
lion, etc. 1 lr^ve ln atock all
hrauda of Hlack aud Sinoktle*-*
I'nwdcraat boltoni pricjaa, Hlaattug
Powdcr, Ilynamile, Fuaeaudl'aps.
LEROY L. LELAND,
ioc liuut st.
The Family Doctor.
GUARANTEED TO CURE:
Congha, Colda, Sore Throat, Iloais
neaa, Bronchitia, Diptheria,
Croup, Lnng lH?eaae, \\ hoop
ing Cough. La lirippe,
Catarrh, L'nta, Burna, Brnlses,
Lameneaa, Spraina, Lumhugo,
Froated Feet, Pllea, Muiupg,
Chapped liauds and Llpg.
No Cure, Prtcoacu. No Pay.
PREPARED ONLY BY
Tbe Indian Tar Balsam Co.,
FOR SALE BT ALL ORUtitilSTS
Cure For lleadaclie.
Klora Antidote will poaitivcly cure
beudacbe in itfl worst fornia. A trial
will couvincc you. Threc doses for 10c.
If you can't get it at your daalers, acnd
10c. for package to Jab. Uailv ?fc Son,
B. H. HM1TB. E. E. KATIIAWAY.
For hitrbcst markot prices and
prompt returna try
E. B. 8MITH & CO.,
15 E. Camden St..
For the aale of Produce, Grain, Live
Stock, Poultry, Egg?, Fiah, Oyatera,
Crabs, Qame, etc.
!,-,-____-. j Thlrrt \:?ll..,.:ll i:.,nk.
Kereronce. ^aj??,m, Aajr-iulea.
Eatabliahed 35 years.
Members of the Corn and Flonr
We want your ablproenta of Produce. an,l
can place naini- qulckly at TOP AIAKKKT
I'KIt ks. our trade wanta tho BUTST and
loi* of it. Your Produce ln our huiuls will
tirlnR- rKOMPT KKTIKNS.
(ir?in, iit-rf (.mil-. i -tu>-.. Miii'ii. lauaaaaj
Poultry. K|fK?, Kiw Kura, lildca, lllack and
lllack-eye l'eaa wantoit.
S. Nl. LYELL & CO,,
4 E. CAMDEN ST.. Baltimore, Md.
R?ferencca : Meieantile AROticlea. Euul
table National llank. lialtimorc, Md.
I. P. JUSTIS & G0?
T^OR THE SALE OF Produce, Oya
tera, Live Stock, Hldea, Poultry,
8 E. Camden St.. Baltimore, Md.
aarHar?RKNcas:? National Rank of Com
naarca, W. M. Powell & Co., Orocera, John T.
Ballev. Grocer, 8. Grlnela. Orlneta. Va.
Fish and Crab House.
E. W. AL8AU6H & SON.
?&t SAght Stri-et Wbarf, Baltimore, Md.
Oonaiirnroont*, or Oah, cral>a aud country
awtuo* nropinUy at'euded to. 30 ?
^OTASH givcs i
Jlavor and Jirmtuss to
all fruits. No good fruit
can be raised without
Ferlilizers containin^ atleast
8 to io?() of Potash will givc
best results on all fruits. Write
for our pamphlcts, which ought
to be in every i.inper's library.
They are sent free.
GBRMAM KAL1 WOftKS,
us laaaaaa St.. Ktw York.
ma\ ?>bj>bj> a ^e?>>??>g-?a-:>^_>.
% A fJlMCK CURK FOR
t COUGHS AND COLDSS
<*> Very VataoJ le R^nu-dy in all &
;i:le<. fons of thc >|>
gTHROAT or LUNGsf
$ Large Bottlea, 25c. ?
<fc D.VMS A LAWtCBXCl CO., Lim
S. rr.,;Vof' X
0 n ZlrcRel & co..
--BO_E ArtTNT' TOV ?
Towers Oiletl Clothing. Hals. etc.
Macki11tGsi.Es & RfbberClothing.
Hoslnn, 11 ay Slato, **i oonsot ket and
Ithodc Islniid Ituhhrr lloota
Job8 in rubbers at all times.
Wrkfi for epeciul liat.
1821-1829 Canton Ave.,
Mrxirnn Wa-ltl Oil l.iuiiiirnt,
The great cmbrocntion, cures and heala
mnn or beast C're:wn white. Large
boltle 25c. Jas. Haii.y Jk Son, Propa.
A. S. lilCOWX.
M. L. T. DAVIS & CO.,
Hamllcrs of all artlclea
perlaiuing to thia linc.
LOFFFE, FLOI'K, PKOVISION8,
F1S1I, SALT, Etc,
in large supplica.
for. >Vater and vX-mmercc Streets,
IN FREDERICKSBURG, VA,
Ia tbe place to buy n'.l kinds of
Ihioks and Stationcry, and in ad
? dition to thcse lities tbcre are
aeveral dlstiuct depattments, viz:
Wall Paper, Paints and
Gluss, Plcturo Framcs,
Piunos aiul Or^ana.
Each dcpartraenl wcll cquippcd.
Iu a few wtu-ks Bieyelcs will be
Mail ordcis rtcelve
PATROXIZE HOME INDUSTKY.
Mcrchants, do thia, and your cuatom
era will putronize you.
THE KEXMORE SKOE CO.,
use no ahoddy loath*?r. Kvery pair of shoes la
warra:it?d liy tl.em, :>nl it. \? itii rcasonat>le
wcar, tiicy ilo not ?i\c aataafjatttton, tka daaiaa
ll uuttioriised to make it .-o.
CuHtomers, eall for the Krnmorc Shoe.
ASBBLRN & JAMES. Irvington,
R. M. SAKBERS. White Stonc,
W. A. BAMER0N & BR0., )
CRALLE & SISS0N, j Wcem9
GE0. X. LEEB, Reedville,
JAS. A. TURXER. Salesman.
Who'oaaleaud Relail Dealer ln
Slcu's, Boya' and fhildren'a Ready
Made Clothing, Genta' Fnruiah
ing Goods, Trunka, Yaliaea
Market Corner, Fredericksburg, Va
''The Tallorand Furnlahcr,'
911 1-2 Main Street,
Revolution in Pricea?All the Latcst
Noveltiea in Ncckwear?Suita made
to order from $15.00 up?Panta
made to order from $3.00 up.
Encourage flome Enterpriee by
cnlhng for the following
brands of Cigars:
U. B.'s, Standards, Bon
nie Jean.Rod andGun
Club, Prize Winners.
Manufacturer, Fredericksburg, Va.
FISO'S CURE FOR ^
"TO MY LADY 1.0 VLV .
i aTi iti'-n foc the ' ? i i \ ? ?
Wfnn do 1 loTfl Thaacl Wbi-ti tbe Urook
leta i ti ti
ihrougb daudelioti aa?doWOltaV .Iiinc;
Wbci. borns of liuiitfiiii-ii grcct tbe- bhr
And mellow Hiunmn'* viotHging Is done;
When spring's triumphunt tuarchea have
When winler wiuds tbrough haagard
At aolenm tniduigbt unil at siivei^y noon,
At bliisb of tnoruing and at st t of suu
Tby yvtitiifi.il aplandooi Bnto bm i
Htit 1 slmll love Thte 8till when youtb
I love Thte when tbiuc e} es know not a
And loana. Tln a when ilisaster hovers nigb;
M\ -mi;! sbiill crave Thee wbcu tba
And t-ltll be loyulthiough eteroity. *al
Jf"ir ib> I love ThetV As tbe alender lyte
Tbrills with etnotion wbcu ibe breezes
As rtista love ibe tuorniug's goldeu glow;
As dewy stars tbe dusky tilgbt desiu?;
As eaglcB to tbe ln-aveu of beavena aspi: e;
As doves dteatu fondly, bfQBBl lo breast
As arctic pines love evetlasling snow,
And tropic palms love everlasting tire.
1 love Thee as tbe viclor love3 hia wreath,
Tbe peasant loves hts cotlage, frec fioru
I love Thee as mortality loves brc.itb,
Tbe sbepherd boj his lmrp aiul lluieaud
As dloappolatod hopa loves welconic
As b'jnian aouls love everlasting life.
Wh? do I love Thee? Aak the artist Iberc
Wby dooa he love fair fhOfaj tliat he
A?k Ol tbe poet wby his ppirit ftints
Before bis heroines of tbe foldoa hsit;
A^k of thesingcr wby bis BWOtl despair,
His glorious gladnes?, bis nielodior.s
Ask the young prieat before bis hallowcd
To lsy the sccret of his worahip bire.
I love Thcc as I love to snar from Bodt
aad tvead in priorj nf colwatlal fraaar;
lo llvaj baraoodiha titne my gra\cistrod.
Proving aero.vii-|iii!ice of iniinoi tal taec;
To emuli'i.c baatltadca of Gtad,
To reach llis Kingdoin, and bchold \\U
THE SOLDIER'S DUTY.
Kxpoileuee of Capt. Orcsham,
.liist It^licvocl nt I*rovi?ltMu<\
(The following eztract from (be
1'rovidence, (It. I.) JournaJ will be
of interest to the many readers of tho
ia a native of Luncyster county and
rceeived the appoiutmeut t?> W.?|
IVint from this Con^res-io^fe Dia
Irict. tli is tho oldest West 1'ointer
now ia tho armv from Miis Distrio*:
Capt. Kiehaid Croxton and Capt.
Willard 1). \ewbill following iu the
Occaaionaltj a regulararm* ollicer
OOOaM to thia city ami stays or* re
oroiting duty for ? detall of t?o
years, or the ollieera on "college"
duty are inet. But aside from this
the dvilian leldOM cotnea in conlaot
with tbe tvpieal West l'ointers and
even then Itarns but little liow his
years of seriice are par-sed.
Capt. .1. C. ('reshum, 7lh Cavalry.
I'. S. A., haa juat received ordeia
relievlng hini from recruiting duty
in thia city. Ile haa been here nearly
a year. For over a acore of yeura he
has been in the regular establishnient,
ha\iug entered the Military Academy
at Weat l'oint in '72, joinlng the 7th
Cavalry as M Lieutcnant in Tfc
becoming a 1st Lieutenant in *W and
attaining hia coniinission as Captain
in April, 1892.
He ia an houor to his profeaaion in
more waya than one. Several tinies
hia name haa appeared in the ollicial
ariny register with commendationa
for bravery. lu 1877 he waa com
inended for gallantry iu aetion with
the Nifl Pirces Indiana. Thia wasin
the eugagemeut on Sept 13 at Cauon
Creek, Montana. Again he waa eoni
mended for gallantry in aetion with
the iSioux Indiana at While Clay
Creek in the l'ine Kidge troubles iu
1890. Then Congreas took note of
his 8ervicesand for the distinguished
gallantry shown iu voluniarily lead
ing troopa into a ravine to dislodge
Indiana in the aetion at Wounded
Knee, he waspresented agold medul.
This aetion took place Dec. 29,1890.
Fighting is considered the object
of all soldiers. Yet, even by trataiog
of year8 and a high roputation, the
oflicer is not sure of a part in a war.
Take the caseof the 7th Regimentof
Cavalry, Capt Greahain'a own coni
maud. It wasCuster'sold regiment.
noted for being one of the great fight?
ing regiments all through the Indiau
wars, from its birth in 1806 up to
1898; yet it took no part in theSpan
Whf& the Spaniah War broke out
Capt. Greabam was sent on apecial
tluty as mu8tering oflicer of North
Curolina. Iie atayed there long
enough to muster in the volunteer
quota of that State, about 2,200
men. Then ordera sent hiui to Fort
(Jrant, Ariz. and he waa placed in
command of Troops C, L and lf, 7ih
At that time the regiment was
scattertd all over the Weat. Theee
two troopa had been "akeletonized"
?reduced to three ofticera and aeyeral
aergeatits. Theae three troops, tln
non-commissioned staff and band
were practically made anew. Be
practically had to do the ordinui v
work of 11 ofticers. This shows what
hard and successful work niany ol
the oflicere of the regular ariny ac
complished on the breuking out of
Tlien the regiment was assembled
from ita atations from the Mexican
boundary line to Utah, and brought
to llunt8ville, Ala. There these
veteran Indian fighters lay in camp
for a long time, iinally gettitig to
Savannab, but notbeing able to take
part in the stirring eventa iu Cuba.
Finally it weut to Cuba for garrisou
Aa a result of overwork and the
camp life at Hunt8ville Captain
Qre8ham went to the ho8pital with
malaria. When he came outon sick
leave, instead of remaining inactive,
even then he requeated to be aaaigned
to soine post and waa sent to l'rovi
dence, where he haa accomplished so
As soon aa Capt. Greaham partially
re^oined his health he tried in every
way possible to get a ahare in the
Spameh and then in the Philippine
tilig uii e\ hai.j ;.:?(! Baallj askcd
t?> be alloe ntuatid a aoeapaav
ta one ol t!i<- tolnateev regiaeente v>
eerre in the Philtppinee, etatJag that
be beliered tbal be ooald be of bon
errrice in boaMOaoad of a compauv
over there than in cominand <>f a
ttaop iu ('(tba.
It wili not be ? tl hout its hardshins
:tnd daagere, ea is ehovn l?y the
Indian caapaiigne, when for Deoothe
and nionlhs the troops have been
followillg Dp roving bfaBtJC, ill 100000
nad out of reaooa, keepiag down np
rieiagi and lighting battlea. As lute
as 1800 there bofl been ;ui Indian
cngagi'im nt whi-re then was agreater
I easualties thaaaft many of the
battlee neeor Man iln, over which there
baM been so iiiuch exciteineti t.
Take the cumpaign which Capt.
Qreeluun went through when it
rouu le-1 up Big Koot hatul of the
Bibttl Nalion, the Minecingoct', the
worst of the lot. Tbe ordeci given
out were toeither disaim them and
Kad tlietn to Fiorida, or to deatroy if
they resisttd. The band wascaplured
about half-pH>t 4 ln the nfternoon,
and nuurehed into caatp. The aext
moraiag the troops begau the work
"Iu acrescent fonnalion 120ol the
breree were eqaatted foc the pow
wiuv," sitid Capt. Qreeham. ??They
sat on their hatns wrupped iu
blankets. There waa net a puuin
capt. j. a grssuam
The" bucks all had Wincbee
,i,d one or two belts of ainniuni
tiou wher, they caine in, eveii some
tqnawt wearing bells of amniunition
??We e nl piekcts oat aad went
throogfa the e.niip, but uo arins were
'.. be foaad. Oapt Wallaoe then
went thrOBgb aith ? dct.til and made
OOgb eearoh. This took about
an hour. UoCOBaQ back and reported
he couhl BOt fnid any aims. Then
the order cmn to aenrch theee men.
"Wallare was the offloiY. He
begaa with the man on the right of
the Oreeatat As soom as he touched
this uian,all the 120 Indians jumped
up, threw back th-ir blankets and
00*00 Iriag. There were 42 left
right there oa that bjmc. The reat
gOtawaj unvl troops followed.
"This was the battle of YYoumled
Kaee Oreek, on Deaeeaber 39. Hy
night ull werekilled or wounded, and
we came back to eamp with our
wounded and the wounded Ir.diana.
When we gotinlo Pfae Kidge it waa
about 1 o'clock. The Indians at the
Agency were ternhly excited. Thev
were beld iu check."
ln this light there were 37 men
aad oneofticer killed.and four officers
and 41 men wounded. Anyone can
see, by taking thia aa asample of one
Indian light, how it will compare
with any 15 battlea in the 1'hilip
pines, adi'ing up the liat of casualtiea.
CapL. OreihlMI was wour.ded in
this engagement. It was but one of
nianv Indian tights in which he took
part, as his ariny reooid shows. In
one onraaotgo ugaiust. the Sionx he
was on the trail from April to New
Vear's day. In all that time tiie
troope never slept utider shelter, but
followed, ueross prairie, desert, over
niot'.ntains and blllo, the Indians. In
one ti^'ht in this eampuign three
troope lost two ofBoeri and about a
third of tluir men ia wounded or
Part of the time the command was
without commissary vegOM, They
were left way behind, and rations of
pork and hardtack soou gave ouL
But, cver ouward the eavalrx men
prtfMd. Al times thev bad nothing
at all to eat; at timea thev subaiated
on pony incat.
Kinally the Indiana ga\e up and
wi'iv taken baek to tho ivser\ation,
what was left of the trihe. In thia
campaign Capt. Gresham covered a
little over 4,000 miles ia tho saddle.
Fivijuentiy in the lt) years he did
fronlier duty he went on thetrail for
monlhs at a time, and again he wonld
be stalioned at aome fort or poat
where theonly ruitino was the live
hours drili a day and regular tours
From viaits to Fort Adains many
people havea fair idea of the routine
life in the Kast. Auother duty per
fornied by the men fitted for thetaak
is "coilege duty." This wonld be the
smue as Capt. Murray performed at
Brown I'l.iversity a short while hack.
Capt Gresham hasdoneoonaiderable
of this. Ile wasstationed at Bh.cka
burg, Va., from 1884 to 18S7, and
at Raleigh, N. C, from 1890 to 1898.
Few people know that he is an
authority quoted by military writers.
Of the bctter known of his papers ia
"Terrain in Military Operations."
This was publiahed in the United
Scrviic Institute, the magazine pub?
liahed at (iovi rnor's Island, N. Y.,
and roprinted in the Army and .V.w//
Cazetic, I4OIKI011, which devoted con
siderahleapaco todiacussing thesame.
With Geu. Forsyth.Capt. Gresham
wasone of the foundersof Fort Riley
Cavalry and Light Artillery Sohocl
of Application. For a perioa of seven
years he was atationed there as the
instructor of strategy and niinor
On leaving this city he will proba
bly be ordered to join his regiment in
Cuba, with the chance of an extended
tui: hj:ai tii:s ot-* fai:>i
l\<i AS THKY AI'PKAK
TO A YOl'NC MAN.
1 bfttaj .;i:it farining: my frknds
look upon ni" with a pitying aelf-.-at
ialied smil? and aay "Poor fellow, he
will never aniouut to ahucks, he's so
changable;" while others say: "Every
other wa!k in life is so crowded that
there ia poeitively no room for yw;
atick to the farm life of peace aud
indepeiidencr, surrounded by the
beauties of nature and the comforts
of r-.iral life." Ah! few people real
\w the beautiesand comforts of farm
life, especially as it appeara to iki
city folka, who, kindly fate hasdivest
t ?11 f all their worldly goodssavea few
acreaof gently rolling hill eide, of the
white livered vaiiety of soil, abound
ing iu theaweet-acented and vigorous
sa>-afraa and the presiateut and lux
urient heii-grasa, and surrounded by
the enterpiising pine bushes, which
are fo.ever aighing in the tick and
chigger ladeu bret/.e?aighing, uo
ilun'ot, for "other worlda to ponqiatr.**
1-Yw are they who realize the per
fcol peace and independence of such
a lif?; peace hardly expresaes the
rtrlm and ."crcne condition of affairs
hioken ouly by the cut-worms, potato
buga, minka, weaaels, anakea, hail
storina and late froata: not to mention
those costn-ipolitan cattle that take
such a kindly interest in your corn
field on Suudaysand at night, or tli.it
tiddle-factd alab aided sow, wbote
anout ia fully equal to the ta.<k of
qnietly Iayiug aaide your eight-rail
fence and Uading her family of 10
pateist, back aetion, ring-tnil rooters
ItttO your potato patoh. But. look at
thia picture <>f p ffccf, tn.nquility and
ptneti the orb of dav is siuking be
hind the distant pinea, the cooling
evening breezc is redolent with per
fume of tlowere and the scent of new
mown hay. The voice of the whip
poor-will comea faiutly across the
distant tields while nearer at hand ia
hear<l the chirping cricket ami the
lullaby of the katy-dida; old bob
white is juat beyond the fence calling
loudly to his inate; all is perfect peace
and rest; nature'a song has become a
lullaby, and a great calm poaaVMtt
your eoul as you t_.ke up the milk puii
and go towards the cow-peu * * *
Ba*f wench! just thcnamoequitocam
ples thequulity of your spinnlcolunui
ii, a very pointcd uiuuuer and you
vainly try to reach him by turning
arouiid which causes your clbow to
fonieineonta. t with Mrs. Cow's llank,
and which 0O4M0I Mrs. Cow's foot to
come in contact with the pail, and
the pail to come in contact with the
back of your neck and the milk to
How down your back, which isenjoyed
very much by the nioequito who hus
not been at all disturbed by the per
formance; then you back to the
fence aud try to scratch the mos
qtiito ou* and tear your shirt on a
knot and a lizzard runs across your
hand. Vou grit your teeth and go
to work again and jnst as the milk
begins to rise like yeast iu the pail;
Zoo! oo! and a great big beetle hits
you between the eyea and fallsgrace
fully into the pail: juat theu the
supper bell is heard and you stop
curaing the beetle and insulting the
cow, in uuticipution of supper and
real; but listen! aayou dragyour weary
feet alorg, there is a voice?not a still
small one?but one from the kitchen
as sharp as the kitchen knife and aa
hard and unrelentiug as hickory
stove wood?"Bring alongan arm
full of stove wood and a bucket of
water and shut the hen-house door
and hurry up! 1 want the milk!"
Now she wants milk and you want
peace, aud the best thing to do is to
ii 11 your arro full of stovewood, take
the bucket of water in the other
hand and hook the milk-pailon your
tioger and trot along, stutnble over
the dog in the door, upset tbe cargo
on the floor, and them you'll get?a
piece of her mind. Oh! yes, thats
nice and you enjoy it so much.
Theu you sit down and tkink of
the independence of this life, inde
pendent of all thingasave theweather
in time of harvest and that lyranni
cal and heartlesa corporation known
as the Afro-American farm hand.
Oh! how he towera above you in his
mighty might. How small and
mean you feel as you beg, pay and
thank him for his labor, yea, you
grovel iu the very dust at hisgizzard
feet, while your sonl criesout within
you "give me liberty or give roe
death." Then comea the k:ng of
harve8t, crowned with his silk hsit,
and arined with his satchel full of
iiotes and bonds. IL is the fertilizer
ageut, and as we have failed in our
crops, we fall upon our palched
kuees and prayfor mercy. Hekind
ly bids us rise and sign a mortgage
on our home of iudependence. We
?aad our grain to market where the
commisaiou merchant waxes fat but
never kicks; the steamboat Company
and the bag men have a grab at it
and if we come out with our indepeaV
dence we are lucky. Yea.we are in
dependent of the machine agenta,
fruittree agenta aud speculators. The
Declaration of Independence was
written for us and us alone: we are
the people, not only rich, but well
to-do. "Young nian, stay on the
farm" is the advice of the preachera,
| rs and all those who
don'l rfo il. Yea, aiay ai:d live a life
?.?(??? aud BMllojed bli.s ai.d bfl
au intelligent and useful menilar of
society; dig in the boaom of the earth
for knowledge with your four-pouud
grubbing hoe and with the help of
paris green study the cluniiatry of
nature: go to the m;ij?stic jimaon
weeil for botanical knowledge and
hob-nob with the grunting swine,
and thereby become prolicient in
natuial history and 7.00 logy; learn
the lawa of force and inotion from
the hiud legs of your long oared
mulo and read ancieut hiatory
froin the rotten ahingles on your
baro; study astronomy aa you eat
your early breakfast and mathematics
as you figure the interest on your
debl; ponder upou the wondera of
phyaiology as you nurse your blood
ahot eye that haa juat been cut by
the horaes tail while you were fixin^
the aingle-tree. Yea, dothese thiugs
und all knowledge will be tliine, sup
plemented by the virtue of patience,
which virtue can be cultivated aa you
trot up aud down the corn rows ou
hot July days with the May lliea
sucking your life-blood and while
you cairy nlong a pair of $1.25 bio
gans, half full of dirt, and swea.t
blinding your eyes.
Then, as you view the peactful
8cene, the shady yard and gentlv
awaying haminock you say to your
self "verily, it is good to be a tiller
of the aoil." You are iudied sur
rounded by ease and luxurv, but let
thiin surround you; touch them BOtl
for they are Tatal to rural pros
perity. Know thia, that while you
IwUag ia your haminock and enjov
the beauties with which you are sur?
rounded, the grass, weeda, bugs and
worms are improving the shining
houra to your everlasting ruin.
II. C. PkShiki.jis.
tiii: ITBQBO KAti:.
llilrd Advancing, Thlrd Non-Pro
grrsulve, Reat Retrograding.
Washini.ton, Jan. 5.?II. B.
Frissel, (colored) principal of the
Hampton, Va., Xormal and Indus
trial Institute, appcared before the
Industrial Comtnission yesterd:tv.
tle spoke of the colored people um!
industriul comlitions iu the South.
The email farms are rapidly increas
ing, he said, aud in many sections
the coudition of tbe negro is better
than in slavery days. The farin. n
are ui.able to break away from the
lien system of crops, and wages are
Although the South has spent
$100,000,000 on publiceducation for
negroes, out-third of the race has
actually retrograded, one-third is
where it was at the beginning of the
war, and the remainder have ad
vauced. Negroes, he said, have been
taught that their salvation will be
found through political means rather
than by hard work.
Uses Kubber Tonguc.
JScience has enabled k man to go
through life with an artiticial nose
and limbs that often defy detection,
but one of the ruost novel inven
tions of modern surgery is u tongue
made of rubber and resting on a
pivot set between the teeth. There
ia a man in New Vork who can
shuw thia wonderful mechaniam and
who feela very happy because he has
it. He lost his nutural tongue from
Do you take cold with
svery change ln the
weather? Does your throat
fecl raw ? And do sharp
pains dart through your
Don't you know these are
danger signats which point
to pneumonla, bronchltbs, or
consutnptlon Itself ?
If you are ailing and have
lost fleah latcly, they are
certalnly danger slgnals. The
questlon for you to declde la,
"Have 1 the vltality tothrow
off thesc diseases? "
Don't wait to try SCOTTS
EMULSION "aa a last re
sort." There Is no remedy
equal to It for fortifylng the
system. Prevention is easy.
prevents consumptlon and
hosts of othet diseases which
attfttk the weak and those
wii.-. poor blood.
S* OTT' i EMULSION la
the on-. Jtaulard remedy for
inflamed throats and lungs,
for colds, bronchitls and ccn
sumption. It is a food medi
cine of remarkable power. A
food, because it nourlahesthe
body; and a mcdicine, be?
cause it corrects dlseased
Soc. and fi.oo, all <"ruggistk.
SCOTT & BOWNE, Charoiau, New
f Yofk 5
Tried Friends Best.
Por thirty years Tutts Pills have
proven ablessingtothe invalid.
Are truly the sick man's friend.
A Known Fact
tion and all kindred diseases.
TUTT'S Liver PILLS
AN ABS9LUTE CUBE.
i*"^"*^ *",Uh J"n w*""I-?,r yon <v.ntlnn# *??_?______
Brrr.vkilling loba4.-ct.haI.it. >0-TO-HAcJ'____
reau?-ra llie iliair.- for tol.aoo. ?iU>^4_nf_B_l
oulnrrvouaUialre^j. r ti-vla t"?o>rf_f_l ?^?^_BBr
at?ro? loft manl.vod. !_a?"__.B ? 1 _LB*B*^m?jf?_^
makra ?ou atrung__<_(? 111AVafaBa^Twi ?/wT*J*2
'!_af-taa1 * ' -^aaa^wniT0..rh?f,*a dr,,rlri',? wha'
a____L^_| ?__aa^^*|II.I>atlontiy.p?ral?t?>nt!T Oat
?O*B"J6*"f_T ?>?a. ??. uaonlly curea; ? boiea. *? ja
a^a**W^a^H!I4*Bl^,:,rt', r^.''- or :c "?fol?<l mmt;
^aaaaa-" Btarll-. B?i?.4;Ca.,eklc4_-, Bjoalraal. Iwlai
, HAIR BALSAM
C7>*T..ea and btautifl-a tha bate,
B_BB_aajB a fco.uUnt growOi.
Npv.t Falla to Bestor- Qran
liair to Ita Youthful OolorT
Curt. acalp <t.~*M" * halr lallinc,
n our ejsttra ateeli af Mcn's, Boya* aa
CbUdrenaCiotfalnj al prtoaathat eanaot t?
to uttnut <\.i\.ii.. Oooala that are aajaj
"?1 CU1 lll Uu- lattM fatdllOli*. W?
JBuai raveroooi for ihe manufaatura <>r ?>ur
I-..II aud Wintir K'xxls: that'a tho cauac of
anoli a lednetion B
MaaVa V.'...| rMBtta.aH color-. itieludimr niaca.
and Blue.that ?eaoM lorfr. an<! ?7 an no
at tho r.?niMikjii?:> iw-f priea ..i aPu.oO.
All our W.MdSuits that will open ff r B_|*
youre?i B, rahaaa rrmn f7..V) t?. 10. 4>D.Z3.
A Iin a I>. e :,il wool Waahir.Kinn Mllla
Mrrao. niatuniccl raet oolor ?n<l ffp ir
thoroiiKhly Huunlr. "PD./O.
M-us lllack Caajp Pintronnl and Wnratcnd
Buita tiiHt n?> otM ean oiiuai for fi rn
i?<aa taaua lu ciIbiibbbib, 4) /.OU.
an .mr aia, twaaal ta htftfanai t*j wiu
make to order duiiuir thi* Halc to C l fl
M y? ii for ^P I U.
And hundred* of other lwituns too nunu-r
OU8 tO lIH'lHioll. I.1. ;-.;. II 1. '1 ?JJj |?, , |u U<1 to
i?H.i iiiitti'tcm ami poraalat arlna talapta.
I. WITTGF.NSTEIN & CO.,
I? E. for. Sharp and Fralt Sts.
Clothin?, Ilatx, Cienta FnrnUliingg
T II ailil'IIY. w. T. mato.
MTUrilY A MAYO,
KEAL ESTVTE AliUMS,
|_)K. E. i?. TIONOB,
14 \V. Noutii AvKNua.
Fticnda from the Northcrn INccL ca
pecially Invllcd to call.
W McDOXAIJ) LEE,
( 1VII. I'.MilM:LK AMiSritYKYOB
I/?i:da Burviy??d and plota mad*. Katl
n*****! I'lana and Spocltlcatiima for Ilrldaa
aud V Wvluct worK and conatructlona of a)
aaaorlptlona. Topotrraphy and Drauahtina
YpL B, BAN0KB8,
Wuitk Stonk, Lancaster Colmtt, Va.
W'lll piTictleo iu th?> ooaria of IjiiK-aator.
NeiiliiimhaTland. Kkhinond. and Mlddleatix
oouDttoa. au per lor Court ?>r / pjk ala. lniu-d
statoaCoaiii <>i Baatara iMairlet of MrKinia.
Proaapt atteotloo glTaa to all bualui-.B In
truaUnl iu mv care.
Monaskon, Lancastkb Ca, Va.
Will i-ractiee in all the Courta of thia and
l'lomin ht-.eiition _iven toall lipal t uan.caa
ft IL ROBDiSOH,
ATTOUN KY-AT-L AYV,
Lakcastku C. II., Va.
Will practicc In Iho oountioa of I_inca8ter
^?iiiliiinilnilun.i, Uiehnioud aud Weatmore
*Jar-l5roin|.t Mini.tion uivon to all bualnea
cntrustod t.. my euie.
ph'ANK (;. NKWBILL,
Praottoa ln tho Courta ol IbeNorthtrn Neck
ColUeu-.n ol 1 luirna glvon ai>eclulattoiition.
NORFOLK BOAROiNS HOUSE.
All perboua disirine a firat-clasa
boardinir place atop' wltli Mra. C. 8.
Il&ynie, .">(M Kree Mason Slreet, Norfolk,
Va. (Fonnerly of the Laucaater liousc).
T ANCASTER HOUSE,
?^ M. T. Thomas, Proprietor,
JLaucaater C.-Il., Va.
Boat accomroodatlona to be found ln tha
eountry. Tho pub'tj will bo acrvod aa falth
fuliy aa in tbe pust.
Qood livery al'acned to the Lancaatet
House. Nearly a hundred atalla for
horaes. Conveyanc.ea of all kinda can
bc had at all hourg.
Newly renovated and put in
American Plan, $1.50 up per daj.
Rooina Kuropean Plan 50 cta. np.
Speclal ratcs for commercial trarel
era and Weekly Boarden.
O. A. FOWLER, Manager.
' GREEN-HOUSE' RESTAURANT
12 and i4E. Pratt Strset,
1 l; t) ^imore, ^Vlci.
DUinj. Rooa*is foi- La4ie?.