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tt? Virginia <&itiztn.
IKnteredat Irvimrton P.O.asSd claaamatter.]
TA. CITIZEN PIBLISHIN6 CO.
Subscription: $1.00 a year, in advance,
W. R. ROWE. Oppicb Manager.
All corotnunioatious or business letten
should be addressed to the Vihuinia Citizkn,
Irvlnjrton. Va.. to reoelve prompt attention.
Friday, March 4, 1?1?.
nuTirs NOT POSTED.
It is not to be expected that,
when an opportunity nrises to
take issne, the Northern Neck
News will agree with the Virginia
Citizkn or its editor, but it is
rharity to concede that our con
tonipnrary would not altogether
"tear its shirt" unlese it had at
ItMst sinall grounds, or believed it
had. Our cnarity in the present
iustance is extended still further
and we admit that its verbose
rantings last week are because it
has never read the provisions of
the Hyrd-Wiekham .lames river
bill, publislied in the press in full
There is no apostasy (a pet
phrase with the Montross end) in
our having fought the Jordan
bill and now advocating the
James river bill. One was to let
down the bars throughout Vir?
ginia?in most parts of which wre
can still patrol by reasonable
Baylor lines. The ifyrd bill is to
establish a Daylor Survey in
James river where none exists,
and in that way preserve for the
tonger and the people the seed
ground8, without which preserva
tion our industry is gone.
A few mistaken icleas of these
deluded, or malicious, critics of
ours might be here shown:
(1) They say thousands of acres
of rocks will be thrown out.
This is a pet tune, but is a false
one. Of the 26,000 acres in the
Survey in James river, twentv
thousand of them ure utterly
worthless to the tonger. Of tlie
four thousand to be excluded in
order to establish propcr police
lin?'s not two hundred could be
used by tlie tonger, and these
two hundred are already in
stakes of encroaching planters.
Even with these actual figures
from a careful survey we have
no hope but that the little fry,
along with tlie Newport News
Press and Norfolk Yirgiuian
Pilot, will contiuue to charge
that it is inteuded to "throw out
thousands of acres of rock."
(2) ltis impraaalMsl to enlarge
the survey and take in ground
ourside the mytliicalBaylor lines
for the purpose of straighten ing.
.Mvause the ground outside has
beea leased to planters (not by
thisCoinmission but byits prede
cessors under authority of State
law), and no court would sanc
tion invasion of those vested
righte. This difficulty has been
explained to the critics, but they
(3) A weakling suggests mark
mg and maintaining the original
lines without change. Even the
imported engineer and witnesses
for the opposition confessed it
would be impossible to locate
and maintain forty lines and cor
ners, some of them in 1,50 feet of
water. There has never existed
or.been observed any Baylor lines
in the James, and the present
rommission has kept free from
depredation a larger zone (pure
iiiiess-work at that) than ever
Now, we want to disabuse the
mmds of these far-off small fry
that don't read bills or know
what they are writing of, about
the foregomg and some other
noa to be found in this is
sue of the Citizkx. Not that it
will be of any use, because they
dont want to see aright, but
maybe their consciences will hurt
them when a few years later they
nnd our trade gone to other
states because we cannot protect
our seed beds, and many of our
people facing starvation.
Toshow how little ourWarsaw
contemporary knows what it is
writmg about we quote from it
la there a single word in the pro
posed legislation which proposes to add
one acre of natural rock to the aurvey?
Naturally not, becauae, inasmuch as the
God of waters as naturally reseeds a
depleted rock as he does an abandoned
huckleberry hillside, etc."
Taking the last conten tion first,
it is a well-known faet that while
nearly all depleted rocks in Vir?
ginia will recuperate, this is not
true of the seed beds of the James
Unce thoroughly depleted, the
mud and silt that comes down
every spring hides the dead shells
and not a spat can catchthereon
unless the mud is removed by
I?aJ.'sJ hl2id or the rTround is
slielled. That is why there re?
mains today but five thousand
acres of bearing bottom there.
The other conten tion is an?
swered by quoting this provision
of the the Byrd bill:
"Said Commission shall designate and
accurately define any prodactive or re
cuperating natural oyater beda, rocka,
or shoals, without the linea of the State
geodetic aurvey, and which is not taken
up for planting purposes which in the
opinion of said Commission it would be
advisable to embrace within the said
"The Commission of Fisheries is
hereby empowered and directed to have
the natural beds, rocks, or shoals,
known aa Gunn rock, in York river, in
the county of York, marked and platted,
and the said Gunn rock aa so marked
and aurveyed shall thereafter be con
sidered aa being embraced within the
geodetic aurvey of natural rocks and
held for the public uae of the citizena of
Had this become law two years
ago the Commission would have
saved to the tongers the valuable
rock in Essex county that was
left out of the Survey. The re
sult is it is now lawfullv held bv
planters. The same wfll be tnie
of Uunn Rock, the most valuable
in York river, if the bill fail this
time: aud there are a number of
others that could be saved under
this provision. In addition, it is
the desire of officials to give
depleted rock rest and spend some
money in shelling others, but
thev would befoolish to do it if it
could not be protected from dep
redators. Thereareother ameml
ments offered by the Commission
as to manner of leasing for short
periods and in small tracts, so
that the small man can get in,
and also sothe leases can be can
celled along with others as they
expire, and so on.
We advise our contemporaries
to get posted before fanning the
REARRANGE THE LINES.
Here is one of the fairest and
most conservative views on the
James River Baylor proposition
that we have seen. The few of
our editors that have not read
the Byrd-Wickham bill are tlie
loudest in denouncing it. Not
one of them can tell you itsobject
or quote a provision in it. It is
.)9 per cent for the tongera' ad
vantage, as would be discerned if
The views we refer to are from
the Eastern Shore Herald, which
contemporary we quote:
"The legialature still has the matter
of break ing the Baylor survey before it,
but the committee in charge made no
recommendation. It therefore seems
likely that nothing will be done in this
regard. The oyster question seems tr.
be a bugbear to many legislators. But
if the matter were looked at calmly it
would lose much of its mysticism. The
Baylor lines represent the bounds of
the natural oyster beds, so could not
have been straight, but it would be easy
enough for the police to have watch
houses, and for better protection to ea
tablish a zone of straight linea including
the natural beda, and prohibiting the
taking up of planting ground within
this zone would meet every trouble of
the police. From the diagram of the
Jamea river beds it seem? that the
natural rocks have been encroached on
all around. These poachers should be
moved off and moved off to such a dis
tance that there could be no mistake
as to getting back on them again. If
the Board of Fisheries were authorized
to lay off a protected zone that would be
easy to guard, many of the troubles of
the oid method of trying to protect the
natural beds would be eliminated.
It is untrue that the Commis?
sion of Fisheries wish to break
the Baylor Survey anywhere in
Virginia. On the contrary, they
desire toestablish it inthe James
where it never hasexisted or been
lt is untrue that they wish to
lease out any natural rock. What
little would of necessity be thrown
out is already held by planters.
It is uutrue that the Lee lines
would Mirow out thousands of
acres of rock. Four thousand of
the four thousand four hundred
areas bare and barrenas a plank
It is untrue that they desire
this for an entering wedge. It is
for a settlement ofa vexed situa
tion that will not down in anv
It is untrue that the planters
are backing the Byrd bill. With
the exception of Mr. Darling (who
does not desire a foot of ground)
the planters oppose the move,
because it will dislodge them from
unlawful holdings. .
For years the Boards of Fish?
eries have been advocating some
such action, and two years ago
the same bill was introduced,
vvidely advertised and passed the
Senate unanimously. Three ele
ments now oppose it: Those
fcnorant of its purpose and bene
nts; political and factional op
ponents; and tongers and plant?
ers who want lawlessness to have
full sway on the James. The
latter will probably see their
desire, and distruction will re
THE IIARBINGERS OF SPRING
Wild geese flying over, heads
to the north; the grass showing
green in spots; dandelion blof
soms peeping bravely above the
pound, showing yellow and saf
fron amid the stubble of the
winter; an occasional whistl*. r.f
a bird m the bush, tuning up for
his spring work; fish stirring in
the Bay andheadingfor the fresh
watera of the rivere; oystermen
seeing the last of the winter's
trade; samples of spring goods
on the merchants' shelves;?all
indicate the coming of a season
when one may shed his winter's
garments and seek the shady
side of the road. Meantime, the
south windblowssoft andbalmy
thedays grow perceptibly longer^
and the trucker picks over his
stock of seeds and inspects his
farm ing gear.
Here and there a house-fly
drones lazily on the window
pane and seeks the sunshine of
the south side, planning to be
gin business so soon as the
season opens, and the cackling
hen proudly proclaims her fecun
dity and "steals" a nest, show?
ing thus her savage descent.
Now, too, as the poet sings?
"In the Spring a young man's fancy
Lightly turns to thoughts of lova"
And he had as well be serious
about it, for it may be the girl
will not wait for him, as another
yoUngoman ma,y t*5 turning as
well. So as May is an unliicky
month for weddings try April,?
that e elose by and she will not
have so much time to change her
mind. Our advice is propose
promptly and follow it up with
the merry wedding bells.
The worst of winter is gone
and though we may have a few
spats of cold we may confidently
hope that tbe garden can be
planted and the house flowers
set out in the yard, all in good
"I heartily agree w th Chairman Mc
Donald Lee that the 1 aylor linea should
be atraightened. and I think, in faet I
know, Mr. Lee ia a: honest man and
that he is the beat commissioner we
have ever had in the -tate of Virginia,
but even with all tl * I do not think
the Baylor Survey sl ould be broken."
? Norfolk Landmark.
These are the WOffdg of Ciipt.
\'on Nwenheim. paeker oi Nor?
folk, who went t( Richmond to
oppose the Byrd bill. Well. all
these people agree the lines should
be straighteiHHl, but offer no
practical way o1her;than sug
gested by the ('.^wuiiMgrou ol
Fisheries. The latter do not
propose to break the Baylor Sur?
vey, and thecontinued assertions
to the contrary .ire as false as
numerous Such ns the following,
appearing from time to time in
the twoor three papers opposing
the Byrd bill, is equnlly untrue:
"As has been stated 6ver and
over again, theByi d bill 'straight
ens and defines' the Baylor sur?
vey lines by changing them so as
to cut out oftheresorvation some
four thousand flfena of natural
Winter's backbone has been noticed
to bend a time or two of late, but it is
not broken yet, apparently. ? Washing?
Winter's like a black snake?it
wiggles it tail for a good while
after the spine is fractured.
Wl aukkk heai tily with +he
Norfolk papers that all bills in
troducedin theGeneral Assemblv
should be printed. dnd that in
one or more newspapers of State
"A TIDEWATER WILDERNESS,"
A correapondent of the New York
Times enters protest to an article re?
cently appearing in that newspaper
deacribing the region around Waahinjj
ton'a birth place. It aeema that the
New York paper followed the deacrip
tion given by the Boston Tranacript and
called it "the wildernrss of Tidewater,
Va." The Timea' critic formerly re
aided in that part of Virginia and denies
indignantly that it is g wildemess. On
the contrary he says, it is one of
America's garden spots and one of the
best truck farming actions in the east.
That the eight counties mentioned are
without a railway of any kind he ad
mits, but he insiststhut the only reason
this section has none ij because it needa
none, since it haa "\ steamer every
day to Baltimore or Waahington during
all the busy part of the year." As for
the disappearance of the aailboata of
other days. to which the Boston man
mournfully referred, that's nothing in
proof of thewildernea theory, itBeems,
since motor boats have "largely" re
placed the aailboata. ln Jconclusion the
impatient Virginian offers to bet?
amount not atated?the Bostonian that
he "doean'tlive half i.swell aa does the
average man of the section referred to."
The critic is dead right. The New
York editor and the Boston editor do
not know what they sre talking about.
They do not even know what Tidewater
Virginia ia. The asaumption that it is
all contained in eigh; countiea around
Waahington'a birth place makes The
Virginian laugh. But the section re?
ferred to is a part of Tidewater Vir?
ginia and is all that its defender claims
for it. It is indeed a "garden spot."
It ia indeed, as McDonald Lee calls it,
God's country. It has lands and atreama
that produce the choiceat things of
nature, each after its kind. True, it
has no railroads, but that ia ita chief
charm. It ia virgin ccuntry and has not
been contaminated by ateel rail innova
tiona. IU people have kept their blood,
aa well as their hearta, pure. They
know who their grandfathers were,
and their traditions have been pre
seryed. The best of the old-time Vir?
ginia ia still there. It seems a pity to
disturb such a glorious land. But prog
resa has no respect for sentiment. This
land iaao rich that railroada cannot be
kept out much longer. It ia capable of
sustaining a population as great as is
contained in all the rest of Virginia: It
is aurprising that the State has paid so
little attention to the section. It ia
surprising that the State doea not con
cern heraelf more in ita development.
But the railroada will get in by and by.
There have been many projecta for a
line of road from Washington to Cheaa
peake bay. But that involvea the croas
ing of three rivers that are wida anrl
deep, and there is much swampy country
to traverse. The prooosition is simpli
fied, bowever, by the electric railway.
When Mr. Gould shali have completed
his electric line between Richmond and
Washington, it will be an easy matter
to run a line from Fredericksburg where
a great hydro- electric power has been
developed, down one or other of two
peninsulaa to deep aaaar. The one route
would be down the pminsula between
the Rappahannoek and York rivera to
Glouceater Point; the other down the
peninsula between the York and James
riversto Newport New j, via. Yorktown.
It is an attractive proposition. It
would give short line between Wash?
ington and Norfolk an 1 would open up
a splendid country to Richmond which
isnow compelled to trade with Baltimore.
FISH AND OYST ;R NOTES.
This (fisheries) boar.i haa been one of
the most efficient and i igilant of all the
btate, and its reappoi ltment ia an evi
dence of the valuable ervice rendered
?Eastern Shore HeralJ.
Thirty-one dredge bc ata were in sight
of lower Cedar Bar, on the Potomae
river. working one da ? this week, and
find ready market for heir catch at 20
to 35 cents a buahel. The buyers uae a
22 inch tub, which ia the standard for
Maryland. Good tonged atock on the
Potomae is aelling for 35 to 40 cents
The best oysters go to Washington,
long tows being made up by a tug once
or twice a week.
Inter-atate shipmens of "watered"
or "bloated" oysters ure being investi
gated by the Pure Food and Drug In
apection Board of the Department of
Agncultare. It ia heli that shipments
of such oysters in inter-state commerce
are m vtolation of the Pure Food law.
A heanng was held of ,?arties interested
in the oyster induatry at the Bureau of
Chemiatry, Washington, at 10 a. m.,
March 2nd. A definit * regulation will
nrobably be iasued aa a result of the
Hard to Enforce Scattered as They
Are at Present, Commissioner
[Richmond Evenina- Journal. 1
"There are three bills in which the
State Fisheries Commission is interes?
ted, and which I am charged by the
commission to see enacted if possible ?
naraely: The Rew (or committee) bill
for revising, amending and codifying
tbe oyater laws of the State; The
iJesner-Cooke (ajao a committee bill)
measure, amending and consolidating
the fish, elam and crab laws, and the
Byrd bill for the re-establishing of
the lines in James River," said Com?
missioner Lee, in Richmond yesterday.
"Skipping over the last named.
which is being opposed atrenoualy in
some quarters because misundersiood,
and about which jfficial and personal
motives are impugned, I would say
that the Rew bill, No. 102, for codify?
ing the oyster laws, is the consumma
tion of four years of experience in
the management of oyster affairs
and the best legal advice that could be
procured on the subject.
"Attomey-General Anderson assured
us that the oyster laws as they now
are?scattered from Dan to Beersheba
in the code?could not be intelligently
con8trued, and he did not see how we
could enfcrce them. Some of them we
cannot enforce, because of faulty con
struction and conflicting amendments.
Todo it as bestwe could has cost the
State heavily, and several classes of
violators suffer immunity because of
these statutory entanglements. If the
Cudified bill could be passed the State
would save many dollars.
"Similar trouble is found in the fish
ing statutes, but to a less degree. The
Lesner-Cooke fish measure would re
lieve the aituation, beaides conserving
our fish and bringing in greater reve
nue. Intereats are taxed in it that
have escaped heretofore, but which
have agreed to the bill. Theae two
measures would profit the State some
$20,000 or $30,000 annually.
"Will they pass? No one is seem
ingly oppoaing them, but unless we
can arouse greater interest in them
than is now apparent they will die on
the calendars, and fish and oyster
affairs will creep along in the same oid
slipshod way for lack of powers of ad
ministering them. A few years more
and we will awaken to the faet that
even far Louisiana has taken away
our trade and the Virginia oyater will
Pertinent Points in Law-making
Body That Our People Should
The Byrd liquor bill oasaed the house
today by a yote of 67 to 13. Thia bill is
a localoption measure, pure and simple.
It is designed to atrengthen the existing
Byrd liquor law, and ita principal feature
is the elimination from the State of the
sale of "near beer."
The Committee on Chesapeake and
its Tributaries reported favorably the
Lion bill to permit outaide capital to
come into Virginia to invest in the oya?
ter, crab and clam induatries. It is
not contemplated to allow non-residcnts
to take up ground or to be permitted
to fish, oyater or crab, but only to lend
their money to residents. It is agreed
that thi8 ia being done now contrary to
law, but should be permitted openly to
build up our enterprises and produce a
market for our natural producta.
The Curti8 bill, prohibiting fishermen
from taking fiah for the purpose of
making oil or fertilizer in the Chesa
peake Bay waa killed by the House
committee last week. Vigorous oppo
sition was made to the bill by the fish?
ermen who appeared before the com?
mittee. Captain Fisher, one of the
Fishermen present, declared that dur?
ing the laat four years not enough edi
ble fish had been caught in the nets
there to feed the crewa. He waa wil?
ling that a heavier fine be imposed if
the Menhaden fishermen caught 1 per
cent of the edible fiah. As a matter
of fact, he said they do not catch one
tenth of one per cent.
THE OYSTER LAWS.
1 Newport News Times-Herald.]
The Times-Herald haa dae regard for
the righta of the people. We have seen
how public lands have been given away
to the railroada; how franchises and
other public assets have been grabbed
by individuala. It is one of the greatest
of our national sins.
The Times-Herald is at war with all
such schemes and it would be the laat
to countenance any plot to roti the peo?
ple of Tidewater of their oyater grounda.
But we are aure that there is no such
plot. We have talked with commis
aioner Lee, with Speaker Byrd and
others interested in the pending bill and
they have no remote intention to take
away the righta of the tongera. It ia
unfair to them to make auch intima
tiona. The atraightening of the Baylor
Iine8 is aimply to mark them accurately,
bo that the territory included may be
There is no plot. The Commission of
Fisheries is here to protect the interests
of the people. If there were any plot,
that commission would be guilty of
rank treason not to discloae it and
denounce it And if ever the Times
Herald discovera such a plot, or any?
thing akin to it, its readers will be
STUART FOR CONGRESS.
Henry C. Stuart has been nominated
by the Democrats of the Ninth Congres
sional district to compete with Bascom
Slemp for hia seat in Congress. Mr.
Stuart was a candidate forgubernatorial
honors last year and had announced he
would be in the race three yeara hence.
It ia predicted by political leaders of
both parties that he will win.
An avalanche which threatened
the little town of Mace, five milea up
the canyon from Wallace, Idaho, for
two daya, deacended one night with a
roar and buried in ita path twenty-five
farailiea, or about seventy-five aoula.
WITHOUT NEW IAW.
Member Savs Tongers Will Vanish
Uniess Baylor Lines Are Changed
! Richmond Times-Diapatch.l
"Should the people of Tidewat r p.>r
sist in their blind and utterly un-eaaon
able opposition to the change in the linea
of th a Baylor Survey," said a prominent
member of the Legislature yeaterday,
"th* ruin of the tongers in the James
is li! ely to be complete. If they suc
ceed in preventing action by the Gen?
eral Aasembly which would permit the
Commission of Fisheries to properly
police the lines, they are likely to fac*
within a few months the practical
aban ionmentof the river by the State."
Thia view was brought forth as a result
of the reported agreement to so fix the
line8 as to make practically no change
in existing conditions. The member in
question has made a close study of the
situation and has been totally unable to
understand the opposition of ao many of
thoae who would, in his judgment, be
great ly benefitted by the establishment
of tho Lee linea.
"As a matter of fact," he went on,
"it is folly tocontinue the present policy
of spending $10,000 a year in a vain
effort to guard the existing lines, when
the State gets a revenue of only #4,000
from this source.
"The natural oyster rock in the James
is but an insignificant part of the total
oyster ground of the State. and it is
nothi ig short of ridiculous to spend one
fourth of the appropriation of the com?
mission to take care of this little strip.
"Such a course is an in justice, not
only to the people of the other oyster
sections, but to those of the entire
State. The natural rock does not be
long lo the oystermen, as they seem to
think, but to all the people of Virginia.
and the appropriation should be so dis
tributed as to best care for the interests
of every person in the Commonwealth.
To do this, unless the lines are straight
ened, the best thing to be done is to cut
the amount of money used in the James
to the proportion it deserves of the
whole. The inevitable reault will be
that those planters who are encroach
ing on the public ground will have
greater opportunity to do so, and the
tonger will suffer. On. the other hand,
if tho lines are straightened, we can so
care .or the grounds as to make them
far more valuable to the oystermen.
"If the people of Tidewater will not
aee the thing in this light, and if the
repre^entatives of the rest of the State
will r.ot take hold of the matter and ad
minisier justice for the good of all the
people of the State, the tongers must
be le/t to their fate. The great pityof
this will be the increasing scarcity of
the ? oed oyster, in the production of
whicli wc cannot compete with Con
Di*. J. B. HAWTHORNE DEAD.
Re\. J. B. Hawthorne, 73 yeara old,
one < f the most notable Baptist minis
ters ii the South and widely known in
the Korth. died in Richmond Thuraday
of h st week of aenile debility and
James Boardman Hawthorne waa
born May 16, 1837, in Wilcox county,
Alabuma. His father was a devoted
Baptist minister of an old and honored
famiiy. In the autumn of 1879 Dr.
Hawthorne waa invited to the pastorate
of First Church, Richmond, Va., which
Succeeding such pastors as Manly,
Burrows and Warren, Dr. Hawthorne
at once won the regard and admiration
of tho large congregations which regu
larly crowded the church. He was then
in tho prime of life, tail, dignified and
of commanding presence. His thoughta
were fresh and stimulating, his lan
guage graceful and his utterancea de
liberate. He waa a man of consider
able dramatic power, eaaily winning
and holding the attention of his hearera.
He held the pastorate of Firat Baptiat
Church for aeven years, when he ac?
cepted a call to the First Baptiat Church
of Nashville, Tenn.. from which he
went to Firat Baptist Church, Atlanta,
Ga., where he had one of the most suc
ceasful and notable paatorates of hia
long and eventful lifo.
Dr. Hawthorne came from Atlanta
to Grove Avenue Baptiat Church, Rich?
mond, which pulpit he filled for four
years. He reeigned charge of this con
gregation in January, 1907, on account
of failing health.
p Wood's Early Ohio S
are being planted in increasing
quantities each year by the largost
and most successful market-grow
ers. This variety makea uniform
ly large sized potatoes, of excellent
fP'PP'ng, market and Uble quali
tiea, and is proving to be one of
tfio most profitable and reliable of
We are headquartera for the best
Second Crop !?ccu
Wood's 30th Annual Seed
Bcok gives full descriptions and
informat.on, with tbe highest tes
timoniala from succeseful growers
as to the auperiority of Wood's
a W/,?# (?r Price8 ud Wood's
8e.d Book, which will be mailed
fre ; on request.
T. W. WOOD fcSOIS,
) Seadamen, - Richmond, Vs. ^1
MEN AND WOMEN WANTED.
The Government pays Railway Mail
ClerKs $800 to $1,200, and other
employees up to $2,500annually.
Uncle Sam will hold examinations
throutfhout the country for Railway
Mail Clerks, Cuatom House Clerks,
Stenographers, Bookkeepera, Depart
mental Clerks and other Government
Positions. Thousands of appointmenta
will be made. Any man or woman over
18, in City or Country can get Instruc
tion and free information by writing at
once to the Bureau of Instruction, 250
R Hamlin Building, Rocheater, N. Y.
Afraid of Ghosts
Many people are afraid of dhosts. Few people
?re afraid of ferms. Yet the dhost is a feocy and
the gcrm is a tact. If the derm could be madnibcd
to a *ize eo.ua! to its terrors it would appear more
terrihle than any nre-breathind dragon.> Germs
can't be avoided. They are in the air we breathe,
the water we drink.
The derm can only proaper when ths condition
o! the system divee it free scope to ettabliah it
?eM und develup. When there is a deficiency cf
vital force, languor, restlessness, a sallow oheek,
a holiow eye, when the appotite is ooor and t<^
sleep is broken, it U time to iJuard o^aii-.j t! e icrm Yuu < ??
fortifv the body againct all genns by the uae of Dr. IWw's Uold
en Medical Lhaoovery. It mcro.se. O* Y;t.l power. cleanaes the
aystem of clojUin* impuritioa, eoriches tha bltxvJ, put, the .tora
?ch, and organs ofdifieation aad nutrition i,. workm* condition j?
that the *erm find. no weak or tuiuted apot in which to breed.
(j-o.den Medical Discovery" containa no aloohol, trhi?kv or
hab.t-forming dn*a. All ita ingredieuts t*Lnted on lu ouV.iSJ
wrapper. It is not > aecret noatrum hnt a medicine or known
comtosit.on and w.th a record of 40 years a/awra*. Acoept no
aubst.tute-there i. .,othin? " jnst aa ?>od." Ask your i.e^hbor,
Special Offer to imM.
In order to add aome new accoaata on
our Ledger for 1910 we are mak
ing a special offer of
flOO Lettcrhends i ata a ?*???
500 Envelopea ( \M 7R
SOO BusiueHB Carda) wtm I 3
Delivered prepaid to any addreaa. Not
cheap work, but first-clasa, up-to
date printing on good quality
paper. Samplea if deeired.
CHARLES & LOMBARD STS.
We keep conatantly on hand 4,5, and
6 Inch cyproaa ahinglea at loweat pricea
W. A. Damkhon k Bao.. Weema.
CEPHAS M. LEWIS & SONS,
14 E. Camden Sl?
Poultry, Eggs, Grain and Live Stock.
The house you will eventually ahip to.
Why not now?
I. P. JUSTIS & GO.,
pOR THK SALE OF Prodoce, Oya
tera, Live Stock. HIdea, Poultry
12 E. OAMDEN ST.,
FOR THE SALE OF PRODUCE,
Oysters, Live Stock, Butter, Eggs,
Fruit and Trucka.
516 ENSOR STREET,
YOURSELF A UOOD
Our assortment of Solid Gold. Gold
fiUed and Silver Watchee ia moat com
plete. We guarantee the following:
Ladiea' Diamond Caae Watchea up from $30 00
Ladiea'14-Kt. Solid G*?ld Watchea, $1800
Gent'a Solid Gold Watch. tii.X
Gent'a 20-Year Goki-filled Watch. open face. $10.00
Gent'a 20-year Gold-ftllcd Watch. $15.00
(EUrin or Waltham. Huntina Caae.)
Boys' Solid Silver Watchea. $4 60
Girla* Silver Chatelalne Watch and Pin. $3(0
Enameled Watch, Pin and Box. $6.00 to $16.00
And many othera.
When in need of any article in the
jewelry line write u?, we will gladly
furnish pricea?and guarantee price and
WM. J. MILLER.
28 E. Baltg. Sl.. BALTIMORE, MD.
Reference. "The Editor."
B. B. Gochnauer. Fauquier County, Va.. writea -
I have used your Square-DeaJ' Chick Startar
with excellent results. Have lost less Chick. aiace
roediug- it than ever before."
Chas. S. Crascn, Baltimore County. Md.. writea:
1 have found by actual comparison that Bo!?-i
ano's *Sauare-Uear Chick Starter haa earesatad
vantaare over all prominent food. on the market it
doea not give the baby chick. diarrhoea."
BE3T HE EVER PURCHASD.
Eli L. Grient. Ceaana. Pa,. writes: "Your "Square
Dear Scratch or Poultay Food i. the beat I ever
pSBchased at any price. 1 have no trouble to aell
it, my cuatoraers like it,"
Chick Starter. Chick Food. Scratch Food
first 6 weeks. 6 to 10 weeks. Makes hens lay
DON'T BE FOOLED.
If your local merchant don't aell "Square Deal"
FooUa. drop u. a postal we will tell you who doea
Send u. 5c in stamps to pay the pestaare and men
tion the name of this paper, we will send you
packstre each of pansies Naaturtium. Aatars.
Sweet Peaa. Scarlet Saare. also our Garden snd
F?ower Seed and Pouhry Supply Catalogue.
J. B0LGIAN0 & SON,
Seed Growera, Importers, Manufactur
era. Four Generationa of Un
BALTIMORE ICE CREAM,
, 48!) UANOTEH aad
621 S. CHARLES 3TS
Attentlon is called to Henry afurr's loa
Oream. Hi is one of the oldest and most rs
U i . m?n"r*cturers of loe Oream now ln
Ualtlmore. He uses nothlnar but the purest
lng-rodienta, and It ls always kept up to a blab
degree of oxcellence. Ali orders met wlt>
Waa. Gerhard. Oeo. N. Beec.
O. F. Gerhard.
GERHARD, REED t CO., Lt.
Makera of good Clothea,
llO N. Kntaw 8t.. (Second Floor)
Write for aataplea.
Katabllaaed ln 1868.
O. 8. 8CHERMERHORN & SON
Recelvera, Shlppera, Dealera "
ORAIN HAY. FBEDS. U??MD MBAl/f c
"EAL- UE8T8WNBM?IBINBABBET8. """
Alao Diatributora of
THB PUB1NA POULTBT FBED8.
127 and 129 Cheapside <????? Prau straau RiiTiiinRr vn
Ship to the old reliable firm
E. W, ALBAUGH & SON
WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS '
FOB THE SALE OF '
FRRSH FISH, SOFT CBABS, TERRAPIN, GAMB, ETC
Office and Stall, Section N Wholesale Fish Market
Warehouse, 30 Market Place baltimore md
Shad and Soft Crabs, Specialties. Top Prices Guaranteed.
B A N H | N C, CaUlogaa and
a ^ aa ?_ *H?. Tl.i
12 E. LOMBARD ST., ear. oatea* st., fliiTiMnDc y'n
_ Wholeaaleatanufactarerof ?*Ulil!UKt, I.D.,
Camages, Road Oarte,
Wagona and Daytons..
... Dealer ia . .
Oarnage- and . . .
_ Waflron-Makere' Suppliee.
Refer to^cuJ?*?'? "?tiooBJ
land Bferoaatlla Abbsmbb
Fruits, Vegetables, Poaltry, live Stock, FKs. Wool end Frc-s
h,?HB8T PRICB8. prompt KKTvnss
Correapondence and ahipmenta aolicited.
I. COOKE A SONS,
General Cemmiaaion Merchanta,
7 W. PRATT 8TMIT, BALTIMORE. MD
(AND OTHERS :
TOO CAN WOBK THIS EIAM
PLE, AND N0B0OT GAN
FOOL YOU ON THE
PARDON US FOR ASKING. THEN. WHY MONEY CAN BE FOOLED
OUT OF YOUR POCKET BY HIGH RATE INSURANCE
You are payin?. or asked to pay. from 2 lo 6 per cent
a year-or #0 to |60?on a Si.ooo insurance pollcy.
nome AMoc?tion-l?M than one-half old line compimw.- nttn.
Last year the ligere. were f9.75 to ?15.75 per $1,000 for stores
*i <wi *M <. ! ?**??? uest dwellings have cost on v $17 t^r
f 1,000 for five year* (entrance fees and aaaessments combined)!
PIGURE, AND ACT, FOR YOURSELP.
NOTHHERN NECK MUTUAL FIBE ASSOCIATION.
(110,000 capital atock paid up.) T
SOME EXAMPLES IN CLASS X FOR PAST FOUR YEARS:
(All calculation. baaed on $1,000 insurance. for the period of one year.)
TOTAl COST 4 TIARS
AVERAtE ftt corr
1 per cent
1 per cent.
l f 8.76
lt per centjli per cent
H per cent
1 i. tis." JL~ En*rance fees and a**??n.?nta (all coats) included in above Rate
1 ia the cheapeat aaaeasment ratir* in thia Class; rate 2 is the avera^L .7^!
rating andraU3thehifhe.t Find your rate, ?| aee what i^cost yT '*"
A. V. bmither. Kilmarnock, rated 3 was ask^.1 R r*>* ???? u? fj .
paniea. It haa not coat him 2 ^ cenTwtth?.^i^
firea duru* fifty yeara. it coat our worat riaks only three per cent! * '
aW*Facta are facta, and "figgers don't lie'\ Can thia record be h*s.^?t
Itrreaaea7 T" t0 "*" *~ ^ ~ *? ~*?X^?^
t^y^Jt^ * *"" * ** ttd tW? *N in cI*? A ! We ar.
HERE'S A RECORD BREAKER?
1896, | 95,970 1903, $529 370
1897, 130,770 1904 * 658 373
1898, 202,865 1905,' 1444 524
1899, 253,965 1906, 1740489
1000, 267,400 . 1907 2,224*935
1901, 317,030 |003 ?..'
1902, 379,905 ,yU8* 2,781,342
In four years the business of our home flre assoclation
has more than quadrupled, as shown above. Starting ln 1896
with less than a hundred thousand dollars, there is 30 tlmcs
doHarTU ?n ?Ur ?kS toda^more th*" three millions 0*