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Highland recorder. (Monterey, Highland County, Va.) 1877-1972, July 22, 1904, Image 1

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HIGHLAND
RECORDER
VOL. XXVI.
MONTEREY, HIGHLAND COUNTY, VA., JULY 22, 1904.
NO. 27.
RUSSIANS JOLD STROKE
Tbe Searching of Neutral Ships on
Red Sea.
BAYE NO FEAR OF COMPLICATIONS.
Diplomats In St Petersburg Anxious to Learn
tbe Views of Tbclr Government on (he Pas?
sage of Russian Ships Through the Darda?
nelles as Merchantmen and Their Conversion
Into Warships?Both Armies in Touch.
St. Petersburg, (By Cable).?Thc
news that the Russian Volunteer
steamships Smolensk and St. Peters?
burg, now cruising in the Red Sea,
are stopping ships of neutral nations
and searching the for cantrabands
" of war is causing the liveliest interest
in all circles. Russia has evidently
weighed the question, believes her?
self to be within her rights, and neither
fears nor anticipates international
complications. Indeed, some of the
powers may have been sounded by
Russia on the subject. Nevertheless,
foreign opinion is awaited eagerly,
and more or less criticism is expected.
Members of the diplomatic corps
are keenly anxious to ascertain thc
views their governments will take
of the passage through the Darda?
nelles of these vessels of the volunteer
fleets as merchantmen and their sub?
sequent conversion into ships of war.
The general view in diplomatic cir
cls, even where sentiment is not par?
ticularly friendly to Russia, is that
while the passage of the Dardenelles
might be considered a piece of sharp
practice on the part of Russia, it is
an accomplished fact, and the powers
will not regard it as a violation of the
Treaty of Paris, but will guard against
its repetition. Thc diplomats think
that some of the powers might insist
that henceforth all volunteer vessels
shall be considered as warships within
the meaning of the treaty.
One of the most interesting ques?
tions in this connection, the diplomats
believe, will arise out of Russia's
declaration that coal is contraband of
war. With prize crews on board the
captured ships could be sent to Rus?
sian Baltic ports, but if short of coal
they could not put in at neutral ports
to replenish their bunkers. This
same question may embarrass Rus?
sia when the Baltic squadron sails
for the Far East.
In view of the protest made by Ger?
many in the case of the stoppage of
the steamer Bundesrath (seized in
Delagoa Bay December 29, 1899) dur?
ing the South African war, as the re?
sult of which Great Britain had to
pay damages, much curiosity exists
as to what Germany will do in the
case of confiscation by the Smolensk
of the mail sacks on board the North
German Lloyd steamer Prince Hein?
rich, especially as large portions of
the mail seized was undoubtedly of
a commercial character.
Some British Protests.
London, (By Cable).?Almost with?
out exception the newspapers, in edi?
torials or otherwise, comment upon
the Russian volunteer fleet steamers
passing the Dardanelles, and the gov?
ernment is urged to take action, es?
pecially for the protection of British
commerce in the Red Sea and neigh?
boring waters.
The Daily Telegraph, concluding an
outspoken protest written with traces
of government inspiration, says:
"There is a limit to complaisance
when neutral commerce under thc
British flag is molested in a way to
which we have been for a century
and a half unused."
Special dispatches from Berlin echo
the feeling of irritation that exists
in London.
The Standard's Tokio correspond?
ent, cabling under date of July 17,
says the Jiji Shimpo, in an editorial,
expresses the hope that Great Britain
will see that Turkey lends Russia no
assistance by allowing steamers of
the volunteer fleet to pass the Darda?
nelles.
The Jiji Shimpo declares that Great
Britain is bound under the terms of
the Anglo-Japanese Alliance to pre?
vent such assistance being given.
Hurled to tbe Ground.
Cleveland, O., (Special).?Two hun?
dred persons were hurled to the
ground by thc collapse of a stand at
Brighton Park, a suburb of this city.
A ball game between amateur clubs
was in progress and the stand was
crowded when, without warning, the
entire crowd was thrown to the
ground in a heap. Other spectators
and the ballplayers set to work extri?
cating the people from the wreckage,
while calls were sent out for ambu?
lances. When all were finally extri?
cated it was found that ten persons
had sustained broken arms or legs,
while a number of others were other?
wise bruised and cut.
Half Million Attended.
St. Louis, Mo., (Special).?Despite
the rain of the earlier part of last
week and the excessive warm weather
that followed it the attendance at the
world's fair for the last seven days
was more than half a million persons.
There was not a single special day
to bring the attendance up and the re?
sult is quite satisfactory to the world's
fair management. Following are the
recorded admissions for the week:
Monday, 74.543; Tuesday, 87,476;
Wednesday, 87,175; Thursday, 82,794;
Friday, 76,859; Saturday, 91,522; total,
500,359
Met Death In Lake George.
Glens Falls, N. Y., (Special).?Miss
Josephine Friedler, 20 years old, of
Orange, N. J., was drowned while
bathing at Hague, on Lake George.
She and her maid, Anna Harrington,
waded out to where the water grew
suddenly deep and both disappeared.
A man dove and brought up the maid
and she was finally restored to con
iciousness. Miss Friedler's body was
not recovered for several houra.
NEWS IN SHORT ORDER.
The Latest Happenings Condensed for Rapid
Reading.
Domestic,
Propdrty wi.rth $400,000, on the
water-front of Duluth, Minn., was de?
stroyed by fire, and a cook named
George Smith was elrowncd in his at?
tempt to escape from a tug as the
Hames swept etver it.
Judge Bradford, in the United States
Court, in Trenton, N. J., granted a
preliminary injunction restraining the
proposed distribution of stock by the
Northern Securities Company.
A freight train ran down a hand?
car near Emporia, Kan. One young
man was kil'ed and his three com?
panions, including two young ladies,
were seriously injured.
Osceola Kyle, of Alabama, took the
oath of office in Washington as a
judge in the canal zone in Panania,
and will sail from New York next
week.
William E. Sugden, for 21 years
president of the Hartford County
Mutual Eire Insurance Company, died
in Hartford, Ct., aged 83 years.
The National Wholesale Liquor
Dealers' Associatiem has brought
charges of discrimination against 31
railroads.
The World's Fair has made the
first payment of $500,000 on the gov?
ernment loan of $4,600,000.
Having secured a decree of divorce.
Mrs. Ella Swoboda, of Chicago, com?
mitted suicide.
There was a large attendance at the
funeral of Mayor Samuel M. Jones,
in Toledo.
Thc minority members of the Cu?
ban Congress refuse to meet for the
purpose of passing a bill covering the
proportionate distribution of the pro?
ceeds of the $35,000,000 loan for the
payment of veterans or to authorize
an additional loan because the ad?
judication of soldiers' claims is not
likely to be completed until Novem?
ber, when it is supposed that another
session of Congress will begin.
The beef packers in Chicago re?
jected the proposition of the union
that all strikers be taken back pend?
ing arbitration, and proposed instead
to retain all help employed since the
strike began. The various packing
houses in the West have resumed
slaughtering.
President Roosevelt will receive a
committee of the United Mineworkers
of Pennsylvania at Sagamore Hill re?
garding the Colorado labor trouble
petition.
George Wilson, believed to be one
of the men who held up the Northern
Pacific train near Bearmouth, Mont.,
was arrested in Spokane, Wash.
An eastbound passenger train on
the Rock Island Railroad was wreck?
ed four miles west of Havana, Ark.,
and 21 persons injured.
Mrs. Louise Bruscke, of Washing?
ton, committed suicide on her hus?
band's grave, in Prospect Hill Ceme?
tery.
A conspiracy among the employes
of the admission department at the
World's Fair is said to have been un?
earthed.
Horace S. Ferree, the defaulting
postmaster at Jennings, La., was
brought back from Montreal to New
Orleans.
French Day at the World's Fair was
observed by the unveiling of an al?
legorical statue of the French Re?
public.
A block of 10-room houses at Salis?
bury, Pa., owned by the Merchants'
Coal Company, was burned.
The judgement for $75,000 awarded
by a New York jury to Eleanor
Anderson in her suit against James N.
j Abeel for alleged breach of promise
; was vacated by the Appellate Divi
I sion of the Supreme Court, which
! finds that the service of summons and
j complaint in the case was defective.
Because of discrimination against
j their race by the World's Fair di?
rectors the National Association of
I Colored Women refused to hold its
I sessions on the World's Fair grounds.
William P. Scott, candidate for
I president of the United States on the
National Liberty ticket, was arrested
in East St. Louis on account of an
unpaid fine.
All thc union iron and steel plants
in the Pittsburg district have signed
the new wage scale of the Amalga?
mated Association.
John W\ Parker, aged 18 years,
committed suicide in St. Louis while
in a mood of melancholy.
New York customs inspectors seized
valuable articles in the possession of
thc officers of the steamship Shimosa.
The Standaru Oil Company an?
nounces a cut in crude petroleum.
Memphis, Tenn., is making a cam?
paign against gambling.
Because he was discharged August
Geber tried to exterminate the family
of his employer, at San Francisco.
Foreign.
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman an?
nounces that he will ask Premier Bal?
four to set a day for debate in the
House of Commons on'a Vote of cen?
sure of the government in view of the
prominent part taken by leading mem?
bers of the Cabinet in proceedings of
the Liberal-Unionist Council, during
which a resolution was passed approv?
ing the fiscal policy of Joseph Cham?
berlain.
George A. Church, of Rhode Is?
land, astonished the French cjaimants
to the estate of M. Poulet, valued at
$260,000, by fully establishing his
identity as the heir named by Poulet
in his will.
The White Star Line steamer Ger?
manic will be transferred to the Do?
minion Line, renamed the Ottawa and
be placed on the Montreal-Liverpool
service.
President Loubet, of France, will
confer the Grand Cross of the Legion
of Honor upon Secretary Hay.
Mohammed El Torres, foreign min?
ister, released the Anghera Tribces
men who have been held prisoners at
Tangier and Tetuan. The Anghera
tribe is pleased with his action, which
minimizes the danger of the kid?
napping of Europeans.
Count de la Vaulx, aeronaut, while
attempting a flight in his dirigible
balloon over the Mediterranean, fell
into the sea, but was rescued.
The engagement was announced of
Pauline Astor, daughter of William
Waldorf Astor, to Capt. H. H. Spend?
er-Clay, formerly of the Lifa Geards.
TERRIRLE TRAGEDY
Grain Maa Kills ni fe, Daughter and
Himself.
TEMPORARY FIT^OF INSANITY.
Business Troubles Believed to Have Affected
His fcind, Though His Partner Says, That
So Par as He Knows, There Was No Serious
Embarrassment?Had Spent the Evening at
a Neighbor's.
Buffalo, N. Y., (Special)).?One of
the most shocking tragedies that ever
occurred in this city came to light
when the dead bodies of Edgar T.
Washburn, a member of the grain
firm of Heathfield & Washburn, on
the board of trade, Washburn's wife
and his young daughter Gladys, 15
years old, were found in a bedroom
of their home at 83 Putman street,
this city.
Mr. Washburn had shot and killed
his wife and daughter and then turned
thc weapon upon his own head and
killed himself.
It is believed that the deed was
committed while Mr. Washburn was
suffering from a temporary fit of in?
sanity. He had written a letter to
relatives recently saying he was hav?
ing trouble in business. As far as is
known the members of the family had
not had any trouble among them?
selves.
A letter written by Washburn to
J. G. Heathfield, his business part?
ner was received at the latter's house
during the day. In this letter, which
was very long, one could read thc in?
tent to commit suicide, but no refer?
ence was made to his wife or daugh?
ter.
The letter made numerous refer?
ences to things going wrong in dif?
ferent business affairs, but Mr. Heath?
field said he had been unable as yet
to look into thc matters referred to.
That while some of their business
deals had not been successful, yet
on the whole their business had been
profitable.
The tragedy was discovered by a
relative who called at the Washburn
house shortly before noon. When thc
police arrived they found Mrs. Wash?
burn and her daughter lying dead,
side by side, in bed, and Washburn
was dead on the floor at the foot of
the bed. Evidently Washburn shot
the girl first as she lay in bed. When
Mrs. Washburn, aroused by the shot,
partly raised herself in the bcd Wash?
burn fired a second shot, thc bullet
entering the woman's left temple and
causing instant death. Washburn then
picked up the mirror and taking aim
shot himself in the right temple.
TO PRISON FOR FORTY-NINE YEARS.
Mrs. Biddle's Assailants Get Full Sentence
on Each Charge.
Mount Holly, N. J., (Special).?
Aaron Timbers, Jonas Sims and Will?
iam Austin, the three colored men
who confessed to assaulting and rob?
bing Mrs. Elsie Biddle, of Burlington,
were sentenced to forty-nine year*
each in the state prison by Judge
Gaskill.
The three men arrived here at 1.15
P. M. under guard of Company A,
New Jersey National Guard, which
met them at Camden. The prisoners
were handcuffed to three deputy
sheriffs and were marched to the
courthouse, followed by several hun?
dred persons. Only a few were ad?
mitted to the courtroom. Judge Gas
kill was in waiting, and after the in?
dictments had been read the three men
pleaded guilty. The Judge then pro?
nounced sentence of forty-nine years
each, the extreme penalty for the
crimes.
The sentence was divided as fol?
lows: Assault, 15 years; robbery, 15
years; assaulting officers, 12 years;
breaking and entering a dwelling, 7
years. The men were immediately
taken to a train under heavy escort
of the guardsmen and hurried to the
state prison at Trenton.
The General Slocum's Victims.
New York, (Special). ? The total
dead in the destruction of .the ex?
cursion steamer General Slocum, on
June 15, is given as 958 in the final
report persented to Police Commis?
sioner McAdoo by the inspectors in
charge of the investigation by the
police department. Only 897 of the
dead were identified, 62 were reported
missing and 61 unidentified, while 180
were injured and only 235 out of
nearly 1,400 on the steamer escaped
uninjured. Assuming that the un?
identified dead are among the missing
all but one person has been thus ac?
counted for.
M s. Parnell's Plight.
London, (By Cable).?The finan?
cial and other difficulties of Mrs. Par?
nell, widow of Charles Stewart Par?
nell, have cropped up again in the
Brighton Bankruptcy Court, where at
a meeting of thc creditors the testi?
mony of a doctor was given, showing
that she is so seriously ill that she
never again will be able to attend
court. The case, therefore, was ad?
journed sine die.
Michigan Town Burned.
Ironwood, Mich., (Special). ? The
village of Kimball, including the Kim?
ball and Clark Mill and a large stock
of lumber, was destroyed by fire.
The loss is estimated to be $75,000.
Nearly every building in the village
was consumed.
Ran Down a Handcar.
Emporia, Kan., (Special).?A freight
train ran down a handcar on which
four young persons were returning
from the country. John Owens was
killed and Arthur Denham, Mae and
Pearl Miller were fatally hurt. The
freight train, after striking the hand?
car, passed on without stopping, and
Owens' body and the injured were
not found until two hours later.
Owens and Denham were roundhouse
emoloyes.
.\
LIVE WASHINGTON AFFAIRS.
Expansion of Our Commerce.
The foreign commerce of the United
States in the fiscal year 1904 is the
largest in its history; the exports of
manufacturers arc larger than in any
preceding year, and the exports of
domestic products exceed those of
any other country.
This is thc substance, in a single
sentence, of the record of the year's
commerce just announced by the De?
partment of Commerce and Labor
through its Bureau of Statistics. It
shows, taking up the figures in detail,
that the total expects during the year
cneleel June 30, 1904, arc $[,460,829,539,
against $1,420,141,679 in thc fiscal year
1903, an increase of $40,687,860; that
the imports for thc year are $090,
745,084, against $1,925,719,237 in 1903,
a decrease of $34,974,153, and that the
excess of exports over imports is
$47^084,455, against $394,422,442 in
1903, an increase of $75,^2,013 in the
excess of exports over imports.
Comparing the figures of 1904 with
those of earlier years, it may be said
that thc total exports are larger than
in any proceding year except 1001;
that the imports are greater than in
any preceding year except 1903, and
that the total commerce?the imports
and exports combined?in 1904 is
greater than that of any preceding
year.
The total commerce of the yeat
amounts to $2,451,574,623, against $2.
445,860,916 in 1903 and $2,310,937,156
in 1901, the year in which imports and
exports, respectively, made higher re?
cords than those of 1904. Thus, while
neither imports nor exports for 1904
reach the high record of a single
earlier year the total of imports and
exports combined in 1904 exceeds the
tetal commerce of any earlier year.
Not Allowed Citizenship.
Japanese and Chinese women mar?
rying American men do not become
American citizens. Such is thc dictum
of Secretary Hay just made public
through correspondence between the
Secretary of State and United States
Minister Conger, at Peking, China.
According to Secretary Hay's in?
terpretation of the statues only white
women marrying United States citi?
zens acquire the citizenship of their
husbands. This is of especial im?
portance at this time, when so many
American soldiers and other citizens
of the United States are marrying
native women in the Far East. All
children born of such unions, how?
ever, acquire the citizenship of their
fathers at birth. Consequently chil?
dren of Chinese blood, if born of
American fathers, may enter the Uni?
ted States.
Secretary Hay was called upon to
interpret the statute- by cases in Han?
kow where American men married
Japanese and Chinese wives. In re?
plying to questions from Mr. Conger
Secretary Hay replied:
"As we construe this act, it confer;
the privilege of citizenship upon wom?
en married to citizens of the United
States if they are of the class of per?
sons for whose naturalization acts
of Congress provide. The previous
naturalization act existing at the time
only required that persons applying
far its benefits shall be a 'free white
person.'"
Want Postoffice Rostored.
Another chapter was added to the
long controversy over the Las Vegas ^
(New Mexico) postoffice, when man?
damus proceedings were instituted in j
the District Supreme Court to Compel
the Postmaster-General to re-estab?
lish the former postoffice in Las
Vegas.
The petitioners are Margarito Ro?
mero, Mayor; Jesus il. Tafoya, Re?
corder, and Ignace Isquibel, Martin
Delgado, Felipe Delgado and Bow- F
man M. Williams, trustees, and Elmer j
E. Veeder and John D. W. Veeder
residents of the town of Las Vegas.
It is alleged that in violation of the s
law the postoffice at the town of 1<
Las Vegas March 31, was abolished [
and discontinued and consolidated
with the postoffice in town of East
Las Vegas, now called the City of *"
Las Vegas. a
- n
Increased Postal Receipts. t
The gross postal receipts for the .
50 largest postoffices in the United .
States for last months as compared p
with June, 1903, were $5,467,498, an 1
increase of more than 6 per cent. ^
The highest increase was 21 per cent
at Peoria. Decreases were reported by u
Philadelphia, Brooklyn, Buffalo, Roch?
ester, Columbus, Worcester and St "
Joseph. New York's receipts increased r
almost 6 per cent.; Chicago increased t>
over 8 per cent. The receipts at St t
Louis, where the Exposition has ?
swelled the postal business, increased
17 per cent. D
Slaughter ls Now On. I,
O. E. Cook, who found the Guate- ^
malan boll-weevil-eating ants, ha:
wired thc Department of Agriculture
from Texas that the new ants are de?
stroying cotton boll worms and are t
attacking similar injurious insects I
with even greater avidity than they-dc jj
the boll weevils. 1
Another important fact is that the t
ants do not injure at all the ladybird t
larvae, which are beneficial insects
Mr. Cook reports that the agricultural d
value of the ants now depends chiefly c
upon acclimatization and rapidity of t
propagation. These questions are be- e
ing investigated. [
1
Production of Minerals. I
The United States Geological Sur?
vey sends out the following state?
ment, subject to revision, of the val?
ue of the production of the following
minerals and other substances in the c
calendar year 1903: r
Pig iron, $344,350,000; iron ores,
$66,356,001; salt, $5,150,19?; phosphate
rock, $2,986,834; coke. $66,459,623;
bituminous coal, $351,094,209; anthra- {
cite coal $15*136,448. ,
$50,000.00
CASH GIVEN AWAY to Users of
LION COFFEE
In Addition to the Regular Free Premiums
^lbhkQ^
lc
rVooLsoivSpice, Co. *2AA*i
<Lio* Corr**.) W* sej_
y??x c/__^_i_L x-l.. Hmf^fiu&
1**!L?____^ -
TOLT.D{j\ OHIO.
Xow
Would
You _
like a Check Like This ?
Ul a U?ua liMAWilsmal #00 fl fl rt fin C ssh to Lion Coffee users ia our Great World's Fair Contest
tf | ni TC AWdTUBQ rf tUpUUUiMU 2139 people get checks, 2139 more will get them in the
Presidential Vote Contest
What will be the total popular vote cast
for President (votes for all can?
didates combined) at the election
November 8, 1904 ?
In 1900 election, 13,959,653 people voted
for President. For nearest correct esti?
mates received in Woolson Spice Com?
pany's office, Toledo, O., on or before
November 5, 1904, we will give first
prize for the nearest correct estimate,
second prize to the next nearest, etc.,
etc., as follows:
1 rirst Priio .$2,600.00
1 Second Prise. 1,000.00
2 Prises -S600.00 each .1,000.00
Five Lion-Heads cut from Lion
Coffee Packages and a 2 cent
stamp entitle you (in addition to
the regular free premiums) to
one vote. The 2-cent stamp cov?
ers our acknowledgment* to you
that your estimate is recorded.
You can send as many esti
mates as desired.
Grand First Prize of $5,000.00
will be awarded to the one who is nearest
correct on both our World's Fair and Presi?
dential Vote Contests.
We also ofter 15.000.00 Special Cash Prizes to Grocers'
Clerks. (Particulars in each case of Lion Coffee.)
How Would Your Name Look on One of These Checks ?
Everybody uses coffee. If you will use l,f rt.V COFFEE long enough to get acquainted with it, you will be suited and
convinced there is no other such value for the money. Then you will take no other?and that's why we advertise. And
we are using our advertising money so that both of us?you as well as we?will get a benefit. Hence for your Lion Meade
WE GIVE BOTH FREE PREMIUMS AND CASH PRIZES
Complete Detailed Particulars in Every Package of
LION COFFEE
5 Prlies? 200,00
IO Prises? 100.00
20 Prises? 60.00
60 Prises? 20 OO
250 Prliee? 10.00
1800 Prises? 5.00
2130 PRIZES,
1.000.00
1.000.00
.1,000.00
1 .OOO.OO
2.600.00
9.000.00
TOTAL. $20,000.00
WOOLSON SPICE CO., (CONTEST DEPT.)
TOLEDO, OHIO.
PAUL KRUGER DEAD
ireer of ths Great Leader of th.
Boers ls Ended.
AS SOLDIER AND STATESMAN.
e Peasant Boy Who by His Shrewdness Wot
His Way to Be President of the Transvaal
Republic?His Devot on to His Country en*
His Service to lt?Proved a Great Stumbling
b.ock to Bri.ish Designs.
Clarens, Switzerland, (By Cable).?
aul Kruger, former President of th<
ransvaa'i Republic, died here at i
clock A. M. from pneumonia and
ipervening heart weakness. Mr
niger lost consciousness Monday
is daughter and son-in-law were
it!) him at the time of his death.
e had been out only once since his
rival, at the beginning of last
onth. The post-mortem examina
3ii showed that Mr. Kruger died of
nile pneumonia, caused by sclero
s of the arteries, which made rapid
?ogress during the last few weeks,
he ex-President's state of health was
:pt a secret.
The ex-President's body was em
ilmed and in the afternoon was
aced in a vault pending funeral ar
ingements. Application will be made
? the British Government for au
lority to transport the body to the
ransvaal. In the meantime it will
; temporarily interred here.
On several occasions Mr. Kruger
id expressed a desire to be buried
:side his wife in his own country.
Pathetic Figure At Mentone.
Paris, (By Cable).?The death of
ie ex-President of the Transvaal,
aul Kruger, at Clarens, Switzer
nd, aroused wide-spread regret
ere, owing to French sympathy for
ie Boer cause nnd personal admira
on for the ex-President.
When he recently left Mentone his
faith was gradually failing through
ld age, constitutional disorder and
iroat troubles, which threatened to
ictend to the lungs. However, his
ersonal physician, Dr. Heymann, did
ot apprehend a speedy crises, and
lr. Kruger hinlMf resisted the idea
lat his physical^owc-rs were fairing.
Mourning In Transvaal.
Pretoria. (By CaMe). ? The an
ouncement^Sof Mr. Kruger's death
illed forth general expressions of
;gret, especially because the ej?
resident died among foreigners. ?
The flags on all the Government
uildings are at half mast.
Mr. Kruger will be buried beside
jrmer Fresidents of the Transvaal
njes^s his will has provided other
wise. pl
Meforial services will be held in all
the Dutch churches.
Memorial services will be held in all
the Boers shall wear mourning until
after the funeral which, it is expected,
will be attended by representatives
of every district of the Transvaal.
Kruger's Life la Om line.
Born October io, 1825, at Coles
burg, Cape Colony, of German
parents.
In 1836 was with his parents in the
great "trek" northward from Cape
Colony to found the new Dutch Re?
public. In the same year he killed
his first lion.
In 1838 he was fighting, with his
father, against the negroes.
He became a leader among the
Boers carly in life and at the age of
17 was made a magistrate.
Taking part in the conflicts among
the Boers themselves he became noted
for his great strength and prowess.
In i860 he headed tbe movement
against President Schoeman.
In 1863 he was chosen commandant
general of the republic. He put
down civil strife and defeated negro
tribes.
As vice-president under President
Burger's administration Kruger in
1877 led the protest against annexa?
tion to Cape Colony.
In 1880 he was chosen vice-presi?
dent of the reorganized republic, and
was prominent in the war that fol?
lowed, in which the Boers won back
their independence under a British
suzereignty.
In 1883 Kruger was elected presi?
dent of the Transvaal over General
Joubert. being re-elected in 1888, 1893
and 1898.
Kruger became practically dictator.
SO" great was his influence over his
countrymen, and stoutly opposed
British Aggression.
In 1895, when the Jameson raid
occurred, Kruger turned over Dr.
Jameson to the British for punish?
ment, but for four years thereafter
he was busy preparing for war with
Great Britain and placed the Trans?
vaal in a splendid condition for de?
fense.
In 1899 war was declared against
Great Britain.
On June 5, 1900, Pretoria fell, and
Kruger fled to Portuguese territory,
and on October 19 sailed for Europe.
In 1901 took up his residence in
Holland.
On July 21, 1901, the second wife
of Kruger died in Pretoria.
In October, 1902, published a vol?
ume of memoirs bitterly assailing
Cecil Rhodes and other Englishmen
of South Africa.
For several years past Kruger had
lived at Mentone, France, where he
went for his health.
Died July u. IQ04.
Two Men Killed.
A Big Four railroad freight trail |
went through a trestle at Sharon, 0 |
Fireman Metzger of Delaware aw 1
Brakeman Casead of Osborne, wen
killed. Engineer Wilson escaped bj
jumping.
WOUND UPON LOOMIS' HEAD.
riie American Mast Have Met With Foul
Play.
London, July 17.? Reports to
both the Press Associations and the
Ce-itral News assert that a further ex?
amination of the body of F. Kent
Loomis, which was found yesterday
it Warrent Point, sonic 15 miles from
Plymouth, has given rise to grave
suspicions on* thc part of local officials
that Mr. Loomis met with foul play.
The wound behind the right ear is
described as being circular, large and
clean, and it is thought that it was
inflicted before death. It is surmised
that Mr. Loomis' body fell into the
water near the Eddystone Lighthouse.
Joseph G. Stephens, American con?
sul at Plymouth, in response to a
telegram sent by the Associate Pres*
tonight asking him if the local repine
of foul play had any basis, or if he
had any ground for suspicion regard?
ing the death of Mr. Loomis, replied:
"I regret I carnot make any Itftte
nents prie>r to the inquest, which will
)e held tomorrow. The wound on the
lead back of the rirht ear is the si/e
>f a half-dollar. The body is fairly
jreserved, especially about the top
ind back of the head, considering the
ime it has been in the water."
Conducted Strike Illegally.
Victoria, B. C., (Special).?The jury
in the case of the Center Star Mining
Company, Limited, vs. the Rossland
branch of the Western Federation of
Miners awarded $12,500 damages to
the company on the ground that the
federation had usel illegal means in
conducting the strike and had wrought
detriment to the company's business
to the amount granted as damages.
This is the first case of the kind
tried in this province. It is probable
that the federation will make an ap?
peal.
Mormons Make a Stand.
Chattanooga, Tenn., (Special).?
President Benjamin E. Richards, of
the Southern States Mission of the
Mormon Church, purchased substan?
tial buildings in this city for the per?
manent establishment of headquar*
ters for the Mormon Church in the
South. All the Southern States will
be in his jurisdiction and missionaries
will be sent out from here. These
headquarters are moved here from
Atlanta.
Bi; Robbery in Santiago.
Santiago, Cuba, (Special).?When
Cashier Tejada went to his office here
he found the Custom House safe open
and $68,000 missing. The safe was
uninjured. The robbery apparently
was the work of an expert in safe
lock combinations.

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