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VOL. XXXIX 7 MONTEPEY, H1GKLAND COUNTY VA.t FRIDAY NOVEMBER 30. 1917 v NO 50
This illustration tells its own story. We
would not pay out good money for it unless
we meant exactly what it says.
*J We are in this community for honest
business. Large stock of diamonds, watches,
silverware, pins, rings, etc.
D. L. SWITZER. JEWELER
MB j DISTINCTION
Are arments with the
You always feel well dressed when wearing our garments
Just received 150 new coats, in new
styles, all < elors and sizes to sell
from $1( 1 ) $60.
We are showing some wonderful millinery in exclu
sive patterns at prices within the reach of all.
Don't fail to give us a look before making your pur
chases ? remember no trouble to show goods.
"The Fashion Shop"
FALL AND WINTER GARMENTS
Cleaned or Dyed and Refinished,
by our methods have a wholesome newness,
and lend a satisfaction in renewed service that
cannot be obtained elsewhere. Footer's meth
ods are always safest and best.
s v '
We have special facilities for cleaning or dyeing
FURS of all kinds.
FOOTER'S DYE WORKS
CUMBER AND. MD.
COMMISSION ME CHANTS
290 Washington .ctieet
Reference: Tljje Chatham & f henix National Bauk
LATEST NEWS IN
Events That Concern the Two
Hemispheres Recorded So As
to Be Read at a Glance
BULLETINS ABOUT THE WAR
Progress of Hostilities In the Heavens
Above, the _Earth Beneath and
the Waters of the Seven
British troops have pierced Hin
denburg's last defense line more than
eight miles at some points. Seven
counter attacks have failed to stop
their progress. The German casual
ties were heavy. Weakness charac
terized the enemy's efforts. Esti
mates place the number of Germans
captured at 10,000.
The last of the German defenses on
the Hindenburg line between Cambrai
and St. Quentin have been smashed
by British troops under command of
Gen. Sir Julian Byng. Tanks prepar
ed the way, breaking down the barbed
wire entanglements, infantry follow
ing through the gaps.
Mr. Lloyd George told the American
mission at its first meeting with the
British in London that the collapse of
Russia and the reverses to Italy made
it imperative that America send as
many troops as possible across the At
lantic as soon as possible. ,
"No more German intrigues, no
more pacifist campaigns," demands
Premier Clemenceau of France in his
ministerial declaration- of policy.
The Grand Duke Nicholas Nicholaie
vitch has been put in command of
General Kaledines' Cossacks.
Mr. Lloyd George, in the House of
Commons, replying to Mr. Asquith's
I criticism of his Paris speech, declared
it was made with the deliberate pur
pose of stirring the allies to victory
through united action through one
The Kaiser has refused to treat for
peace with the Bolsheviki govern
ment of Russia.
Danger of an immediate nation
wide railroad strike was removed at
a conference of President Wilson with
the heads of the four brotherhoods.
The Signal Corps needs thousands
of chauffeurs and mechanicians.
President Wilson is amazed by Lord
Northcliffe's statement that he and
Secretary McAdoo proposed the Allies'
War Council. Neither the President
nor any other member of the adminis
tration was aware of Premier Lloyd
George's intentions until announced.
The United States will speak later,
when her army is complete.
Washington observers predicted
that Senator Stone would be defeated
for re-election because of his pacifist
The_ food administration will at
tempt to make "meatless Tuesdays" a
In anticipation of huge returns
next June from income taxes under
the war revenue law Secretary Mc
Adoo announced an issue of 4 per
cent, treasury certificates of indebt
edness of indefinite amounts, due
June 25, 1918, the final day for pay
ment of income taxes.
Senator Weeks, who arrived at
Washington, declared that he, would
press the members of Congress to
have universal military training.
Railroad tie-up danger, with con
sequent paralysis of American war
industries, is past, says Washington.
The nation wide Y. M. C. A. cam
paign for $35,000,000 for war relief
is a success, many localities obtaining
much more than their quotas.
Anthracite coal operators asked
Doctor Garfield to authorize an in
crease in prices estimated at 45 cents
a ton to cover higher wages for em
The New Haven railroad was re
fused authority to- raise rates.
Anti-suffrage delegates from twenty
five states, meeting in Washington,
voice their opposition to the proposed
federal suffrage amendment by declar
ang such a law would comfort the
Counsel for the shippers in the rate
case asked the Interstate Commerce
Commission to recommend that the
government take over the operation
Brother David, a three-year-old trot
ter without a record, brought $3,025 at
the Madison Square Garden sale in
New York city.
Federal officials'arrested more thaD
seventy persons in Hoboken, N. J.
among them an American soldier and"
two aliens accused of being spies.
Federal officials seized 35,000, 00C
pounds of sugar owned by the Russian
government in New York and wiL
divert it to the local market.
The American Federation of Labor
at its Buffalo convention uphold Mr.
Gompers and war to-a finish by a votev
Ol 430 to 15.
I 1 1
A Jury at Fort Smith, Ark., in the [
case of the Bache-Denman syndicate |
against the United Mine Workers of
America awarded the company $200,
000 damages in connection with a
strike, which, under the Sherman actv
makesiihe union liable for $600,000.
The union will appeal.
Dr. Garfield, fuel administrator, asks
the railroads for an immediate supply
of cars to end the coal shortage.
Legislation to give the food admin
istration full power to stop the extor
""tion widely complained of on the part
of food retailers will be introduced at
the coming session of Congress.
Two million head of cattle are
starving to death in Texas, owing to
Colonel House has reported to Presi
dent Wilson that "everything is satis
factory" in the arrangements for the
inter-allied conference and the crea
ticn of the war council.
The name of the United States gov
ernment was used in thersolicitation
of advertising for the Army and Navy
Bazaar, according to evidence pre
sented to District Attorney Swann ol
Newark's city commission of five
members took office.
Tlie soldiers at Camp- Upton were
angered by Mrs. Grace Humiston's
vice charges -and demanded that she
President Wilson directed Colonel
House to attend the Supreme War
Council of the allies in Paris^ and
urged "unity of plan and control" in
the war. . .
Henry Ford, who will direct the
intensive ship construction program
through control of the manufactur
ing of parts, declared in favor of
5tandardization"on one model to speed
GERMAN-AMERICAN WAR I
The American military authorities
in France have ordered all one-time
ambulance volunteers either to enlist
in the American forces or return to
the United States.
The American forcc-s overseas will
soon be using tanks of the latest make.
Owing to a cough by an American
soldier a German patrol sent out on
No Man's Land escaped.
General Pershing reported the death
of First Lieut. Orland Goclinaur of
the medical officers' reserve corps.
General Pershing witnessed the
great British drive.
Five of 12 men from the Rochester,
the American steamship sunk by a
German submarine, reached an Irish
port alive after battling for 18 days
with the icy seas of the north Atlan
In a raid on German owned saloons
along the Hoboken water front Fed
eral troops arrested hundreds of
aliens, and between 170 and 250 were
sent to Ellis Island.
The Army League attacked "civil
ian mismanagement" of the war and
demanded greater power for the gen
John K. Tener declared that the
National Baseball League will not
ask special exemption for any of its
players and is not in sympathy with
any "selfish idea of discrimination in
favor of its business or players."
Roan Hal, 2:00 3-4, a hoppled pacer,
was sold for $4,000 at auction in Madi
son Square Garden, New York.
The National and American base
ball leagues will ask for the exemp
tion of 288 players on the ground that
the game would be killed if the men
were indiscriminately drafted for mi.i
Big entry lists were announced for
the Suburban and Metropolitan handi
caps of next year.
Petra Cana, 2:13 1-4, a trcttcr, by
Peter the Great, 2:07 1-4, was purchas
ed for $2,550 by H. W. Hanan at New
Rodney Jay 'a Whitestone, an Eng
lish setter, won the all age stake of
the Texas field trials.
So many of the Cornell football
team have been injured that a com
plete reorganization of the eleven
may be made.
Baron Alcyone, 2:113-4?ka trotter
that won a purse of $35,000 when own
ed by Gov. Horace White, was sold
for $120 at auction in New York.
Charles Curtis Persian!, Jr., a stu
dent of the Pennsylvania Military
College, ruptured a blood vessel in
the brain playing football and died, j
I FOREIGN I)
Great Britain will guarantee a price
of $2.21 a bushel for wheat grown
' The Russian General Dulchonin re
fuses to obey orders from Lenine and
the new People's Commissaries of War
at Petrograd to begin immediate nego
tiations for an armistice with all na
tions, both allies and foes. A proc
lamation cites his ?refusal, but retains
Dukhonin temporarily in command. I
Italy has limited the supply of bread
to a half pound a day a person.
Thirty-seven Sinn Feiners, who were
on a hunger strike, were released from
jaif in Cork. I
The Bolsheviki of Russia send out j
warning to "wealthy class and their
servitors" that they "play with fire''
in inciting strikes and riots. i
Premier Clemenceau, addressing tte
Chamber of Deputies, says his war aim
is to be a victor "and that if Germany
wished to enter the society o.l nations
tomorrow he would not agree, because
Germany's vaa ^pt to be
^ - ?? - - ? - "" ? ?
MISS ANNE MORGAN
Will Come From France to
Work for Christmas Carnival.
Miss Anne Morgan is over in France
but she has by no means forgotten
the children's Christmas carnival, an
event- in which she, as secretary ol
the National League tor Women's
Service, is greatly interested. Now
that Christmas is drawing near Mies
Morgan has cabled she yrill be "here in
a few weeks to personally arrang6
the details of the carnival.
WAGE DEMANDS UP TO WILSON
R. R. BROTHERHOODS TO ACCEPT
SOLUTION HE MAY SUGGEST
indications Are Some Increase Will Be
Granted Under Guidance of
Washington. ? Following the lead
of the railroads, the heads of the rail
road brotherhoods placed their desti
nies in the hands of President Wil
son. The strike that had been de
clared' imminent is now practically
In addition it was agreed that the
demands made by the workers in the
brotherhoods will be discussed and
To be exact, the entire situation
from both sides is to all intents en
tirely in the keeping of the President.
Both the railroads and the brother
hoods' heads have imposed upon him
the solution of the difficulty.
The agreement was reached at a
conference at the White House be
tween the President and the four
brotherhood chiefs. Warren S. Stone
of the locomotive engineers, W. G.
Lee of the railway trainmen, W. S.
Carter of the locomotive firemen and
enginemen and A. B. Garretson of the
Order of Railway Conductors saw the
President. Judge W. L. Chambers
and Judge Martin A. Knapp of the
United States Board of Mediation and
Conciliation were present.
As stated, the brotherhood heads
agreed to allow the President to
guide their bark. It is understood
that they gave him virtual control of
their fortunes for the entire war.
Mr. Wilson has a strong hold upon
the brotherhood heads. Last year
when great pressure was exerted to
make them abandon their demands it
was he who aided them. For this
reason he was in a position to appeal
to their patriotism; also he had con
vinced them last year of fair treat
ment at his hands.
From the tenor of the statement it
is indicated that the men will not en
tirely stop efforts for higher-wages
and it is also indicated that some in
crease will be granted. This will, it
is believed, be settled by the Presi
dent with the aid of the Board of
Mediation and Conciliation.
Up to this time the brotherhoods
have never .looked with favor upon
mediation by the board. But now
that they have presidential assurance
that their rights will be carefujly
safeguarded it is said they will drop
FIRST RIVET IN FIRST U. S. SHIP.
Ceremony Attends Operation at Fed
eral Shipbuilding Yards.
Newark, N. J. ? In the presence of
most of the high officials of the United
States Steel Corporation President
Farrell drove the first rivet in the
keel of the first ship to be built by the
Federal Shipbuilding Company. Rob
ert MacGregor, vice president and
general manager of the federal com
pany, acted as rivet holder.
The first rivet of the first ship,
which is to be named Liberty, was
driven in the first plate rolled by tha
new Liberty mills at Homestead, Pa.,
built with all possible speed in order
to provide material for the Liberty
FRANCE TO DEMONETIZE COINS.
Drastic Action Planned to Stop
Practices of Hoarding.
Paris. ? The government has decided
to demonetize certain^ types of silver
coins, to put a stop to the hoarding
which is paralyzing trade. When 15,
000,000 nickel coins were struck by
the mint all vanished virtually as soon
issued. The hoarding craze is espe
cially prevalent in the provinces. To
force out the hidden money Finance
Minister Klotz plans to demonetize all
Bllver coins bearing effigy of Napoleon,
U BOAT PERIL PAST
Results Now Have Relieved
Him of Any Further Fear
FIVE SUNK IN A SINGLE DAY
Premier Scores Great Personal Tri
umph in Reply toAsquith, As
serting Paris Speech Was
London. ? "I have no fear of the I
submarine now," British Prime Minis
ter Lloyd George declared in the
House of Commons in closing his t
ply to ex-Premier Asquith's criticisms .
of the Supreme War Council plan and '
Mr. Lloyd George's speech on the sub
ject in Paris a week ago. "We are
on its track, and I am glad to tell the
House that on Saturday we destroyed
five of them ? five of those pests of
Premier Lloyd George had a great
personal triumph, scattering the op
ponents of his Inter-Allied Council and
the critics of his Paris utterances be
fore him like chaff.
He wound up on a confident note
that there are only two things that
could shatter the Allies' hope of vic
tory, first, lack of unity, which was
now to be obtained, and the other he
disposed of in the language quoted
at the beginning of this despatch.
The universal feeling in the lobby
after the speech was that the premier
had knocked the bottom out of an
attempted crisis and had given hia
opponents, especially those in the
press, some damaging knocks.
U Boat No Longer a Serious Menace,
Washington. ? The submarine has
failed and will fail of accomplishing
the ends hoped for by Germany. The
situation is well within the control
of the nations against which the U
boat is being used, and, while it is
still a danger to merchant ships,
means have been found of nullifying
to a large extent the effectiveness of
the submarine. This was asserted by
Secretary of the Navy Daniels.
More submarines had been destroy
ed within the last two months, the
secretary said, than wore destroyed
during the entire year previous. Mr.
Daniels refused to go into details
concerning how this wholesale de
struction had been accomplished.
A complete about face on the pol
icy in regard to enemy submarine
losses is expected to result from the
recent London announcement in re
gard to sinkings'. It is believed the
British admiralty, although realizing
that its former practice of silence in
regard to enemy losses was calculated
to shake tne morale of the U boat
operators, thinks the war upon the
undersea craft has progressed so suc
cessfully that better results now can
be obtained by giving to the public
full details in regard to all subma
CONTRACTS FOR 778 VESSELS.
Chirman Hurley Announces Details of
6,000,000 Ton Prog. am.
Washington. ? Complete figures upon
the 6,000,000 ton program contemplat- j
eA by the United States Shipping
Ecard were announced by Chairman
Edward N. Hurley.
There are now building and under
contract 5S composite ships, with a
total tcnnage of "07,000. There are
S-15 sieel and fabri :ated ships, witn a
total tonnage of 2,6b'5,400. Included in
theie are fabricated s'hip3 of 5,000 and
7. "00 tons and steel ships'of 8,800 and
12.000 tons. There are 778 wooden
ships of a total tcnnage of 1,330,900.
This makes a total of 1.1S1 ships, with
a total tonnage of 4,203,000. I
PITH OF THE
; - -
General Byng continued his advance,
pushing within three miles of Cam
brai,. tanks, Infantry and cavalry
operating simultaneously west and
south of the town, while the left
flank in the region of Bullecourt
pressed back the German line con
An Amsterdam dispatch quates the
Eerlin Lokalanzeiger as saying that
the Eritish used from 150 to 200.
tanks in their advance on Cambrai.
Italians are fighting back the enemy in
the mountains, at one place carrying
positions and holding them aaair.st
,^two fierce counter attacks.
Driven by hunger and dissolution, not
by cowardice, 260.000 Ukranian
troops are reported to have left the
front and gone home to "independent
Ukrania," just established by leaders
in the province who have supplanted
the places of the old commissaries.
Seventeen British merchantmen, ten of
them of 1,600 tons and above, were
sunk by U boats and mines.
Teutonic massed attacks grow in in
tensity in northern Italy, and the
great battle- is gradually concentrat
ed on three main fronts ? along the
Piave, and from the Brenta across
I EDWARD N. HURLEY 1
Chairman Edward N. Hurley of the
United States Shipping Board, sent
out an appeal for 100,000 men to man
the merchant fleet of the Unite I
States, now building. Hoary Fo varl
of Boston will direct an in ten: i e : e
cruiting campaign. Men of a 1 a e3
will be taken, even those of mi i arv
age, because the Shipping Boarl has
been assured that men encaged- in the
merchant marine fleet will be grant)!
deferred classification under the dra.t
regulations. The men will be given
a six weeks' course of intensive train
ing on land schools. The first of these
will be established at Boston. Follow
ing the completion of this course, they
will be given a period on training
U. S. MUST RUSH TROOPS
SUCCESS DEPENDS ON QUICK
COMPLETION OF SHIPS.
& " 1 ? *
Collapse of Russia and Reverses In
Italy Make Demand For Our Sol
diers More Imperative.
London. ? That the collapse of Rus
sia and the reverses to Italy "make it
even more imperative than before
that the United States send as many
troops as possible across the Atlantic
a3 early as possible" was the state
ment made by Premier Lloyd George
at the conference of the American
war mission and the British war cab
"I am anxious to know," he added,
"how soon the first million men can
be expected in France."
Premier Lloyd George also told the
"Assuming that the submarine situ
ation does not get worse, the easing
of the position of the allies depends
entirely upon the dates on which the
American program of launching 6,000,
000 tons of shipping promised for 1918
comes into practical effect.
"I have no doubt that with the
largest industrial resources of the
world, a most highly trained and
adaptable industrial population and an
exceptional national gift of organiza
tion the accomplishment of America
in the matter of shipbuilding will as
Dealing with the airplane .situation,
the premier said: "Command of the
air in the battle line is almost as es
sential as command of the sea. The
people of the United States possess to
an unusual degree qualities of enter
prise and daring necessary to the cre
ation of successful air men. The
American climate also lends itself to
the development of the air service,
because it is clearer and more equable
than the climate of the British Isles."
BAR 600,000 ENEMY ALIENS.
Department of Justice Rigidly Enforo?
ing Presidential Edict.
Washington. ? Six hundred thou
sand alien enemies of the United
States will have been driven from the
barred zones throughout the country
in a few days. President Wilson's
proclamation is being enforced to the
letter by the Department of Justice
and all corelated organizations.
John Lord O'Brien, special assist
ant attorney general in charge of the
alien work, said:
"The precise orders will be carricd
out exactly to the letter. But there
will be no persecution, no vindictive
ness. Every precaution will be taken
to protect the property rights-and
personal rights of the people who are
compelled to move. Everything will
be done with due regard to law."
NO "TRACE" OF THESE 122 SHIPS
Lord Lytton Links Number With
London. ? Admiral Beresford, in the
House of Lords, called attention to the
increasing number of ships "missing
without trace" and- to Count von Lux
burg's disclosures of Germany's plans
for the sinking of vessels in this man
ner. Lord Lytton, civil lord of tha
admiralty, replied that in three year*
ended with October of this year, 12 T
vessels had been lost " without. tract"
?- -??- 1?