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The Recorder and Thrice
a Week World one year $2.35, the two a good combination of local and national news. * VOL. 41 NO 18 MONTEREY, HIGHLAND COUNTY VA., FRIDAY MAY 2. 1919 Want ads will find buyer or your needs. Try an ad you will save time and money. HIGHLAND COUNTY DIRECTORY. County and District Officers: Henry W. Holt, Judge of Circuit Court, 'Staunton, Va. Terms of Court? 4th Tuesday in April, 2d Tuesday July, 2d Tuesday October. Edwin B. Jones, Commonwealth At torney, Monterey, Va. W. H. Matheny, Clerk, Monterey, Va. Hubert Smith, Sheriff, Hightown, Va. Willis Gibson, Treasurer, Vanderpocl Va. J. H. Pruitt, Commissioner of Revenue, Monterey, Va. I. L. Beverage, Co. Surveyor, Monte rey, Va. Walter Muilenax, Sirpt. of Poor, Crab bottom, Va. R. E. Mauzy, Supt. of Schools, High town, Va. Blue Grass District J. W. Hevener, Supervisor (Chrm.) Hightown, Va. J. C. Herold, Overseer of Poor, High town, Va. J. F. Cola*v, Constable, Crabbottom. Va. D. 0. Bird, Justice, Valley Center, Va. E. D. Swecker, Justice, Monterey, Rtl G. D. Dudley, Justice, Hightown, Va. Monterey District. A. J. Terry, Supervisor, Trimble, Va. D. C. Samples, Constable, Monterey Arthur Iievener, Overseer of Poor, Monterey, Va. J. H. Samples, Justice, Monterey, Va. I. D. Gutshall, Justice, Vanderpool, "Va. J. H. Burns, Justice, Bolar, Va. Stonewall District. J. H. Armstrong, Supervisor, McDow ell, Va. J. W. Simmons, Constable, Headwa ters, Va. Chap. Pitsenberger, Overseer of Poor Doe Hill, Va. L. M. Pope, Justice, Doe Hill, Va. G. A. Propst, Justice, McDowell. THE ULIFTON .FORGE .MARBLE AND GRANITE WORKS Keep constantly in stock large assortment of Granite and Marble Monuments, Headstones, Markers, etc. All work guaranteed as repre sented. Call and see designs when in towi:, 'phone or write me. It will not obli gate you in way. HARRY F. SLAVEN, Agent Monterey, Va. f FOR INSURANCE I ~~ 5 FIRE < ACCIDENT AND o D FIDUCIARY BONDS % n "3 J. F. McNultv, Agt Monterey, va. DENTAL NOTICE Dr. Chas, S. Kramer and E. G. Herold DENTISTS Marlinton," - W. Va. We are prepared to do all kinds of dental work at prices consistent with cost of materials and high class efficient work. All work guar anteed. UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA Uuiversity, Va. Special War Courses are offered in addition to the usual courses in the College, Graduate, Law, Medical and Engineering Departments. Ten dol lars covers all costs to Virginia stu dents in the Academic Departments. Send for catalogue. . ? Howard Winston, Registrar. 4- . Patronize Our Advertisers They are all boosters and deserve your business. MARLBOROUGH DUCHESS. * English Peeress Is Elected to Office. The Duchess of Marlborough, for merly Miss Consuelo Vanderbllt of New York, has been elected to the London County Council from the Vorth* Division of Southwark by a arge majority over a Labor candidate. She ran as a Progressive. PRESIDENT WILSON 1 SOON COMING HOME Will Sail by May 20? When Treaty, has Been Signed. Paris. ? It is stated in well informed quarters that the situation of i he peace negotiations is such that President Wilson probably will be able to sail homeward May 20 and possibly a little earlier ? by May 15. The belief was expressed that the President wiuld call an extra session of Congress to convene between Muy 15 and Junj 1. The present indications are that the peace treaty will be signed before the President's departure. Information reaching the delegates tends to show that the Germans are not planning, to take up time and delay the signing, of the treaty, as they desire a settlement of the peace terms at the earliest pos sible moment. The Polish-German boundary ques tion has been finally disposed of by the Council of Four. No announce ment was made of the decisions taken, but It is understood that Danzig will be internationalized, while the Poles will have a corridor running from that city to their frontier to give them access to the sea. The most important remaining ques tion to be settled is that of Jugo-Slav and ItaliaL claims in the Adriatic. This matter will come up soon, with Baron Sidney Sonnino, the Italian for eign minister, probably present to set forth the Italian case. It is said that the Council of Four intends to settle this conflict at once. Military experts, under the direction of Marshal Foch, have been charged with the drafting- of a report on what should be done in the event that Ger many refuses to sign the treaty of peace. It Is indicated that the meth ods of coercion which the allies would adopt may include the occupation of more German territory, the blockade of enemy ports and the discontinuance of the dispatch of food supplies to'Ger many. The council is now occupying Itself chiefly with the question of the dis position of Fiume and the problem of Danzig; It has developed that, contrary to the plan originally contemplated, there will be no German text of the peace treaty. The naval terms to be Incorporated In the peace treaty concerning the Kiel canal and Helgoland have been re vised in several Important particulars. Australia Has Much Grain. Melbourne. ? Government reports show that virtually 40 per cent, of the more than 400,000,000 bushels of wheat raised in Australia in the last three Beasons is still in stock. ARGENTINA HOLDS RED AGENT. Chinnit Not Allowed to Land and Will Be Sent Back. Buenos Aires. ? Ledimin Chinnit, self styled representative of the Rus sian Soviet government, who early this month was prevented by the Brazilian authorities from landing at Rio Janeiro and who found the bars raised against him when he arrived at this port, is being held here under strict guard aboard the Dutch steamer Gelria, which will take him back to Europe in a few days. . STILL LOANING MONEY. Britain, Rumania and Serbia Get New Credits. Washington. ? This government es tablished credits of $100,000,000 in favor of Great Britain; $5,000,000 in favor of Rumania, and $268,600 for Serbia. This makes total advances of ?4, 236.000, 000 to Great Britain; $20, XX), 000 to Rumania, and $27,268,000 for Serbia. The total credits to ail of the foreign ' governments now is $9,138, 829,000. Further loans may not be necessary. i A DRAGNET FOR WORLD NEWS Flotsam and Jetsam of Live In terest Caught From the Wires and Boiled Down. LATE DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE Important Happenings in _the Forty eight States of the Union ? Occur rences at the Capital ? Latest Cable Condensations. I PEACE BULLETINS j Council of Four at the peace con ference notified Germany that the as sociated powers cannot receive repre sentatives who are merely messengers. American prohibition has upset the French wine market. French mer chants are looking for the German trade to make up for that lost. According to t lie Cologne Gazette, preparations are being made in Ger many for a vote 011 the question of rejecting peace if terms are too harsh. German submarine U-lll will be used by the Liberty Loaity Committee for publicity purposes iu the coming Victory Loan campaign. it was reported in Red Cross circles in Paris that General Treat lias or dered Americans wearing uniforms in Italy u ltave by May 1. Fortifications at Heligoland and Kiel will be left standing by the Allies. Swiss Federal Council has decided recognize the new German Govern ment, as it was chosen legally by the National Assembly and by the votes of the people. Investigation by the Central Indus trial Committee places the amount Germany should pay to Belgium for war damages at $7,000,000,000. A cable from Cairo says that many Armenians are returning to their homes and leaders of both Egyptian and Armenian parties declare that all causes of friction have been removed. Cables say there is much mystery in Paris over a report that Great Brit uin and the United States have enter ed into a secret agreement to protect France in case she should be attacked again. A newly formed Cable Operators Association sent a message to Premiei l.ioyd George and President Wilsou asking for recognition of their union A six hour day is asked. / According to a letter from Secretarj Baker to Third Assistant Secretary o) War F. P. Keppel. the Seventy-seventt Division will hold a parade in New York during the Victory Loan cam paign. ? . v' ? Three delegates sent by the Irist to'-ieties in the United States to plact Ireland's case before the peace confer once called on Col. E. M. House 01 the American delegation. President Wilson directed the In dustrial Board of the department ol commerce and the railroad adminis tratiou to reopen discussion of pi ic? stabilization and find a commoD ground on which they can agree. Governor Coolidge of Massachusetts asked Postmaster General Burlesou whether he had any objection to th? state taking over and operating the telephone lines during the Inability ol the government to furnish service. One thousand new Liberty motors, ordered for the army air service be fore the- cessation of hostilities and which are not needed now, will be placed on sale shortly by the sales and salvage section of the service. The motors are twelve-cylinder vee type, five-inch bore, seven-inch stroke of 400 horsepower, 1,700 revolutions a min ute. Acting Secretary Roosevelt an nounces that Eagle No. 13 has been placed In commission. This leaves forty-seven of the sixty ships of this class yet to be completed by the Ford Company, but work on most of them Is well advanced. j GENERAL Dr. Fridtjof Nansen, head of the committee to feed Russia, is having trouble in reaching Lenine. Control of Vienna was taken over by the soldiers council. Quiet pre vails, but communizing of property was begun. The consulate-general of Portugal In New York states that there is "ab solutely no foundation to the news that there Is an epidemic in Portugal. Middletown, Conn., wired the chair man of the Boston loan headquarters the town had subscriptions for over $1,090,000 worth of bonds. The allot ment is $1,017,000. The Congressional Military Commit tee spent Easter Sunday with General Pershing at Chaumont. The Internal Revenue Bureau began Issuing stamps for the sale of 2 3-4 per cent, beer by New York brewers. Total discharges from the army amount to 1,769,999. Officers resigned or discharged numbered 96,812. Rapatriation of the Greeks held dur ing the war by the Bulgar armies esti mated at from 60,000 to 100,000. According to reports from the Ship ping Board the personnel of the Amer ican merchant murine is rapidly be- ; coming Americanized. __ I Thirteen of the American soldiers killed in the wreck of an express train at Crisse were buried at Le Mans. Judge Edward Brophey, just ap pointed warden of Sing Sing prison, is the thirty-sixth warden in seventy two years. FiVe policemen were killed, forty wounded and twenty demonstrators and bystanders injured during the dis turbances in Vienna. Count Czernin, former Austro-Hun garian foreign minister, was arrested in attempting to cross the Swiss fron tier at Feldkirch. Captain E. F. White, using a Liberty motor, made the first non-stop flight from New York to Chicago in six hours and fifty minutes. Six candidates are in the field for the presidency of Mexico at the elec tion in July, 1920. British censorship on letters to the United States and northern European neutral 'states will end within a fort night. Welcome 1. Capen, who, as a boy in Vermont, was an operator of the Post al Telegraph Company and who be came vice president of the company, Is Xlead at his home in Mount Vernon, n. y. Gipsy Smith, the picturesque evan gelist, who Is well known in the United States, has left Liverpool for New York. He is to conduct :i four months' evangelistic tour, starting in the Met ropolitan Tabernacle, New York. Forty-six inmates of the disciplin ary barracks who were released at Leavenworth following a review of the cases begun two months ago. Sixty more will be released It Is announced. The men released include many who took part in the barracks strike in January. They are listed as military offenders. By a vote of 20 to 11 the Ithode Island senate has passed an act which provides that all beverages containing 4 per cent, of alcohol or less shall be deemed to. be non-intoxicating in Rhode Island. j SPORTING i| Jack Dempsey and Jess Willard, matched for the heavyweight cham pionship of the world on July 4, will meet this week in Chicago to discuss l he referee. The Giants beat the Washingtons Sunday for the fifth consecutive time, and the Yankees won from the New ark club. Martin McVoy won the scratch prize in New York Athletic Club shoot at TraverS' Island, breaking all but nine of his hundred clay birds. Ichiya Kumagae of Japan, paired with Harold Taylor, reached the final round of the open doubles tournament at the University Heights Tenuis Club. Eric Hendrickson of the Swedish American A. C. won the open A. A. U. road race -of the Brooklyn A. A. from the limit mark of four minutes. Five members of the St. Louis Na tional League bail club were injured wheif an automobile they were riding in crashed into a street car. Inlielder Lee Magee was traded to the Brooklyn baseball club for Larry Kopf. , A rifle and pisol match for Amer ican soldiers will take place in Le Mans, in May. One soldier from each company of infantry, artillery and engineers, and from each cavalry troop, will take part. Sergeant William Rautenbush de feated Xieutenant James W. Hubbell, 6 to 5, in 36 hole final of golf cham pionship of American Expeditionary Force. Several branches of athletics, par ticularly rowing, were given a severe jolt at Annapolis when Superintend* ent Scales issued ;in order calling at tention to the fact that certain mem bers of the crews and teams were not eligible to take part in contests on ac count of unsatisfactory class standing. Nearly every branch of sport suffers to some extent. New York college nines were defeat ed, Columbia by Johns Hopkins, 6 to 4, and Fordham by Boston College, 4 to 1. FOREIGN The Pope is receiving American sol diers who are on duty or on leave in Rome. Deportation of Miss Lillian Scot Troy from the United Kingdom was announced. Miss Troy is a suffragette from San Francisco. Lindau, Bavaria, was besieged by Wurttemburg troops. Egyptian strikers threw vitriol on strikebreakers, one man being blinded. United States transport George Washington reached Brest. More British troops are being sent to India to quell the seditious sections of the country. A snow six inches deep put a damper on a flight from St. John's, N. F., for some time. The one-time Crown Princess of Germany takes steps to obtain a. di vorce. It is alleged her husband treat ed her with violence. Constantinople, it is now suggested should be placed in charge of Un united States, the Turks retaining sov ereignty, according to a special cable dispatch from Paris by Carlisle Mac donald. Dispatches tell of unrest and disor ders in many parts of the globe, Italy, Germany, Egypt, India, Turkey, Cuba and Argentina being affected. At the same time the Bolsheviki announce successes all along the Western Rus sian front Transvaal gold output for March, valued at $15,150,000, compared with $14,785,000 in February, i VIENNA'S REDS TAKEMNTBOL Government to Keep Present Name, but Will Be Bolshe vistic in Aim. ORDER IS NOW MAINTAINED. Allied Envoy Warns That Food Will Cease Unless City Remains Quiet. Believe a Few Troops Would Halt Inflow from Moscow. Vienna. ? Control of Vienna lias been taken over by the Soldiers' Council. Quiet prevails but communizing of the property of those unable to resist has begun. It is possible there will, be no change in the name of the government but it will be Bolshevistic in purpose. The situation, is much the same as It was at Budapest a few hours after the Radicals took control. The polic ing of the city has been taken over by the Volkswehr. The parliament building is now occupied by two bat talions of soldiers after representa tives of the Soldier^' Council had placed 5,000 men at the government's disposal with the understanding that the police would be dispersed. The soldiers are commanded by Col. Stoessel Wimmer, who takes orders from the Soldiers Council, which is either Socialistic or Communistic. Col. Cunnincham. in the name of the Allies, h^s issued a proclamation de claring that if there are further dis turbances the food supply will be cut off. For that reason serious trouble is unlikely. Men faniilar with the situation still contend it would be easy to handle the situation through limited occupation by allied troops and also through the guarding of the frontiers of Poland and "the Ukraine. They assert that with the help of Gen. Petlura's forces the hordes from Moscow thus could be kept out. Two demonstrations were started during the week, the outgrowth of sev eral Communist meetings, which were lightly attended by Austrians. One of these meetings took place at the War Office, when the Austrian Kepublican llag of red and white was pulled down by a small crowd and a red flag run up in its place. It is significant that the outbreak happened at the time of the visit of Joseph Pogany, reputed to be the rul ing chief of the Hungarian Communist Government, and other Hungarian offi cials, who are naid to realize that it will be impossible for their plan to succeed unless with Austrian aid. Pogany gave out a locally printed interview in which he declared the Americans favored the Bolslieviki. He pointed out that the Americans al ready had furnished food to Budapest, but did not state that the food was sold by the Americans to the Karol.vi government, or that in view of havin received the money they delivered the goods, notwithstanding the existence of the Communist government. A few thousand Italian soldiers are at Wienernaustadt, in the outskirts of Vienna. All Italian and French offi cers have been ordered to remain in their rooms. An armed Socialist movement has made considerable progress. All workmen and store clerks are joining the labor unions, and many alarming reports are afloat as to what is likely to happen. It is expected that the government will gradually drift toward communism, though retaining the name of a democratic republic. A decree will be published shortly taxing property one-third of its value, in the hope of replenishing the treasury with out nationalizing property. Plane Falls; Two killed. Paris? An airship carrying mail from Strasbourg to Paris fell near St. Didier. Two of the crew were burned to tleath and a third was seriously in jured. The mail matter carried by the airship was destroyed. ij PITH OF -THE i; i; VICTORY NEWS i: J; Great Britain is relieved by the sum moning of the Germans to Paris to sign . the treaty, about which the newspapers are eagerly speculating and on which will depend the fate of the Lloyd George cabinet as well as that of Germany. Tokyo newspapers regret the> failure of the racial equality clause before the peace congress and urge the Japanese delegates to leave Paris. American troops on the Archangel front in Russia have suffered 538 casualties since they landed last Sep tember. Of these 196 were filled or died of disease and 43 are missing. The allies may abandon their scheme * to feed starving Russians unless Le ..nine gives guarantees that all classes will share in the relief. Cable reports from Paris that Presi dent Wilson and Premier Clemen ceau have agreed upon a Franco American defensive alliance against ; German aggression meet senatorial I favor in Washington. It is said many ssnators opposed to a league i of nations wouid support such a dc- : fensive treaty. A German profesntr figures that the abdications and dethronements in Germany include 278 persons. *u 205 SUBMARINES SUNK BY ALLIES Rear Admiral Sims Tells the Tale ' At New York Luncheon. NOW AT BOTTOM OF SEA. German Menace Destroyed by Yan kee Ingenuity, British Pluck and Team Work of the Al lied Fleets. New York. ? How German submarine warfare was finally stopped was de scribed in detail by Rear Admiral Wil liam S. Sims, U. S. N., in an address at a luncheon given by the Bond Club here. According to the computation of the ''eet commander, there are now lying ! at the bottom of the sea 20i> German submarines. "I recognize that the re ception you have accorded me is not j due to me personally, but to the posi tion I occupy and tc the resolute activ ity of the navy abroad," he said. "A navy cannot be rapidly Improvised. When a war is declared it is too late to build more ships or to provide per sonnel. You have been through a pe riod of great danger and you applaud not the man at the top, but the navy Itself. "WThen you shoot a submarine you usually get three or four men who hap pened to occupy the conning tower, for they usually shut the lid as the submarine goes down and bubbles come to the surface In a circle, we fouud many submarines stuck on the bottom, with indications showing that many of the men caught inside of her either committed suicide or killed each other. Altogether I may say that there are 205 German submarines at the bot tom of the sea. "The band of water across the Eng lish channel between Soapstone und Boulogne, across which' millions of tons of supplies and hundreds of thou sands of men were carried during the war, was so well patrolled by d?stro? ers that not one life was lost. It was suicide for a German submarine to ap proacli that busy lane. Most of the destroyers had to be kept with the grand licet for fear that the German fleet might come out, and this reduced the number available for transport duty. We were always short of de stroyers, which kept those on convoj duty constantly on the jump. But the spirit of the destroyer people ncvet let lip, as I sometimes feared it would, nor did they ever let up once 011 rhe work demanded. "In April, 1917, the situation was most serious. In fact, I am free tc confess that we were frightened. II was only the absolute co-operation oi all the naval forces ? American, Brit ish, French and Italian ? that saved the situation. When we crossed Hit Atlantic all questions of national pride and personal ambition had to be hup pressed. When our fleet was com bined with the British fleet, so much more powerful than ours in nil re spects, I said to Admiral Rodman : 'See how quickly you can make oui ships British ships.' And this was done. All of our own methods wen put below and stayed there until the war was over. We were successful in the war only because our submarine craft were able to turn down the sub marine menace and because the Ger man fleet was compelled to remain in port. And this success was possible because the grand fleet was there, re enforced by the American fleet. "If, during the early German drive, the Germans had reached Paris and Paris had surrendered, the war would not have been over, for the Germans would never have had a ship 011 the seas. The naval forces would have maintained the blockade, and the Hun would eventually have been forced to give back all he had won and to sur render in the end, as he actually did." WORLD'S NEWS IN CONDENSED FORM WASHINGTON. ? The department of justice announces its willingness to take over the enforcement of the war* time prohibition measure, effective July 1. . BOSTON. ? The New England tele phone strike is fettled at a conference of strikers and company officials. NEW YORK. ? Soldiers, seamen and marines charge into Palm Garden and stop singing in German by the Master Bakers' Singing Society. CHICAGO. ? In the crime wave sweeping over Chicago SO persons were killed in 10S days since Janu ary 1. WASHINGTON.? R. T. Crane, pri vate secretary to Secretary of State Lansing, has been appointed to and has accepted the post of Minister to Czecho-SIovakia, the State Depart ment announces. Crane will go first to I'aris, where the C/.echo-Slovaks maintain a foreign ofiice. WASHINGTON. ? Statistics made public by the United States Shipping Board show the board now has one hundred and fifty-one new steamers representing OoO.UOO deadweight ton uage, which are engaged in canyinj, food to the starving nations through out Europe. "3 VISCOUNT JELLICOE. Famous British Tar ? Corning to America. PEACE TREATY IS READY FOR FOE Admiral Viscount Jeliicoe, former commander in chief of the British grand fleet, who has started on a trip to the Far East and North America. President and Premiers Expect to Hand Terms to Foe ;j Next Week. j , Paris. ? The drafting of the final form of tlie peace treaty is proceeding rap idly in order to have it ready for pres entation to t lie German delegates wlieq they arrive at Versailles. The document, as framed, begins with an introduction in (he form of a protocol, ' setting forth the complete list of belligerent powers taking part In the war and now making peace, with the designation of plenipoten tiaries of each country and with theij power to sign. Then comes a declaration, of im; pressive brevity, not exceeding W words, stating that on the conclusion of the treaty and the exchange of rati ifications, the war shall come to an end. . Following upon the declaration of peace, the present intention of the peace delegates is to have the cov enant of the league of nations occupy the placevof honor in the treaty and to be the first subject treated in de tail. It will thus take the priority !t I had in the program of tiie peace con J ference. Then, in succession, will follow the I military, naval and aerial terms, rep arations, responsibilities, the Khine ! frontier, the Saar region, Alsace-Lor | mine, Poland, the status of Danzig as I an International port, Germany's j Schieswig-IIolstein frontier and a j large number of special subjects, in cluding the labor convention adopted at the last plenary session of the con ference, international ports and water ways, and extended economic and financial provisions not directly con nected with reparations. It is estimated that the treaty as a whole will exceed 70.000 words, or the contents of a largely, closely printed volume. The text Is being prepared in French and English, and, as a means of ex . pediting action, a German text may be prepared, though it is foreseen that the German plenipotentiaries may ask for a considerable time on a document of such magnitude. Indorse the League. Trenton, N. J. ? The Democratic State Committee, at a meeting here, passed resolutions extolling the states manship of President Wilson and in dorsing the League of .Nations. An other resolution urges the President and his advisers to work for the self determination of Ireland. j GRAVE UNREST IN INDIA. Mob at Amritsar Attacks Authorities. Two Hundred Casualties. Calcutta. ? A mob at Amritsar has made another violent attack against the authorities. The rebels were re pulsed by the military with a loss of 200. Order was restored at Alunedabad ! after many casualties had been inflict ed on the rioters and the telegraph and collector's offices burned. The strike continues at Delhi, and the shops there remain closed. LENINE'S ARMY GIVES UP. ' Twenty Thousand Rifles, 35 Guns and 200 Machine Guns Surrendered. London. ? The First Bolshevik army, operating in the region of Homel, along the Pripet river, has surrendered to the Ukrainians, according to a state ment issued by the Ukrainian press bureau and forwarded from Vienna to the Central News. Up to the time the report was forwarded 20,000 rifles, SO guns and 200 machine guns had been blinded over to the Ukrainians, along with majjy prisoners.