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VOL. 41 MONTEREY. HIGHLAND COUNTY, VA? FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1919 NO. 37 Wfiat Wakey It Go ? q The clock V a puzzle. The- world's a puzzle. Motion's the joy of watchmakers and the despair of philosophers. tj Our clocks and watches go. If there's any puzzling to be cone we do it under a fair and hcnest guarantee. D. L. switzh:r, jeweler Stau: ton, va. PALAIS ROYAL The House of Fashion." - Staunton, Va. Announce a complete showing- of all that is new in fashionable wear ing apparel for the fastidious woma. , for fall and winter wear, Smartly tailored and novelty 8uits Distinctive Coats for Ladies, Misses and Children Modish Presses for every occasion. Reliable Furs, ultra fashionable blouses C&pftsrating Miilihery Every tiling' that could be desi . jd for the woman who would be well dressed. If interested in style ? don't fail to visit us. . STATE NORMAL SCHOOL FOE WOMEN Fannvi]; i, Virginia ?sJplendid equipment for the training of teachers. Thirty-sixth .session opens Septcn.her 17, 1919. For Catalogue, addresoy J. L. JARMAN, President HIGHLAND COUNTY DIRECTORY, t County and District Officers: Henry W. Holt, Judge of Circuit Court, Staunton, Va. ? Terms of Court ? 4th Tuesday in April, 2d Tuesday July, 2d Tuesday October. Edwin B. Jones, Commonwealth At torney, Monterey, Va. W. H. Matheny, Clerk, Monterey, Va. Hubert Smith, Sheriff, Hightown, Va. Willis Gibson, Treasurer, Vanderpool Va. J. H. Pruitt, Commissioner of Reventte, Monterey, Va. I. L. Beverage, Co. Surveyor, Monte rey, Va. Walter MuUenax, Supt. of Poor, Crab bottom, Va. R. E. Mauzy, Supt. of Schools, High town, Va. Blue Grass District J. W. -Hevener, Supervisor (Chrm.) Hightown, Va. J. C. Herold, Overseer of Poor, High town, Va. J. F. Cola*v, Constable, Crabbottom. Va. D. 0. Bird, Justice, Valley Center, Va. E. D. Swecker, Justice, Monterey, Rtl G. D. Dudley, Justice, Hightown, Va. Monterey District. A. J. Terry, Supervisor, Trimble, Va. D. 0.. Samples, Constable, Monterey Arthur Hevener, Overseer of Poor, Monterey, Va. J. H. Samples, Justice, Monterey, Va. [. D. Gutshall, Justice, Vanderpool. Va. V ? ? J. H. Burns, Justice, Bolar, Va. Stonewall District. H. Armstrong, Supervisor, McDow ell, Va. J. W. Simmons, Constable, Headwa ters, Va. Chap. Pitsenberger, Overseer of Poor Doe Hill, Va. L. M. Pope, Justice, Doe H11K Va. G. A. Propst, Justice, McDowell. NOTICE All phone lines entering the Mon terey Switch Board must be fixed up at once as they are causing trouble in the said Board. If lines are not looked after will have to discontinue services until they are fixed. All treasurers must send in switch Board foes, we must have the money. J. H. SAMPLES, Gen. Mgr. o $10.00 Reward for Lost Dogs Two spotted hounds, a dog and a gip ? Dog, white ajid yellow, no black, with y^Jlow spot on top of head about size of half dollar. Gip is white, yellow and black. Both ran away from my place about March 20, 1919. Will pay $10.00 reward for any information as to recovery. MACK yeah^er, Bartow, W. Va. o ? BOARDING HOUSE? Will open a boarding house in Crabbottom Sep tember 1st. I kindly solicit your patronage. Mrs. Emma Wimer. cutting loose joy 'us _ _marks every time you flush your smokespot with Prince Albert ? it hits you so fair and square. It's a scuttle full of jimmy pipe and cigarette makin's sunshine and as satisfy ing as it is delightful every hour of the twenty -four! It's never too late to hop into the Prince Albert pleasure pasture 1 For, P. A. is trigger-ready to give you more tobacco fun than you ever had in your smokecareer. That's because it has the quality . Quick as you know Prince Albert youH write it down that P. A. did not bite your tongue or parch your throat And, it never will! For, our exclusive patented process cuts out bite and parch. Try it for what ails your tongue 1 Toppy red bags, tidy red tins, handsome pound and half pound tin humidors ? and ? that clever, practical pound crystal glass humidor with sponge moistener top that keeps the tobacco in such perfect condition. R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, Winston-Salem. N C. Capjrtzht ttl? by ^ R.J. ReynoldJ Tobacco Co. HI Plowing With a Small Tractor, (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) Manufacture of tractors for agricul tural use has grown greatly in a com paratively few years, but a big field is still open to manufacturers in tho small -fanners' business, which can be gained only by the introduction of all purpose tractors that can be used eco nomically on farms of under 100 till able acres. Trior to 1005 practically all power plowing was done by steam. If thei e was any machine in use ? at that time employing a? internal-combustion em gine as its gourde of power, the ease apparently has never become a matter of record. Steam plowing has been in vogue for a number of years, espe cially in regions such ok the Dakotas, Montana, and the Canadian provinces of the Northwest, Here were found bonanza farms consisting of thousands 'if acres, one crop of wheat sometimes paying .for the entire farm. These inrVe tracts, stretching away for miles in a level and unbroken plain, offered conditions which were suitable for Uiese mammoth steam outfits weighing many tops: Several factors had a hearing on the elimination of steam as a source of power for plowing nnd the substitu tion of the Internal-combustion en sine. The fuel was bulky for the power transmitted, and the storage space on i lie engine was small. Several men wore required. The steam engine as htn constructed could not stand the .?onslnnt strain and rough usage neces ?arv in plowing. It was necessary to :p('nd considerable time in care and re oair. .iust as is- required by the rail wad locomotive after a five or six fiour. run. How Use of Gas Engine Eegan. There was a demand by operator? for a machine which would do away ?vith these disadvantages. Interest vas shown by various manufacturer? and their attention was directed to wiu-d the development of a machine tis'n" the Internal combustion engine ' Apparently 1005 was the first year th"t a gas tractor advertised as a jonrce of power was placed on the. market. This machine employed ?i double-cylinder engine, using gaso line for power and oil for cooling, had a rating of 22 nominal and 4C .actual brake horsepower and wa ?capable of pulling six to eight l--lntb plows, depending on the soil. j weight was practically the same a that of the steam engine, about nine one-linlf tons. WWe operator, were not satisfied with the steam tine ors on the market, there was then considerable prejudice against the s * vractor, so that machines were lm wh>lv .looked as much like a ste. .i. engine as possible. Perhaps this fa t Jo <?r?e extent, tended to overcome the prejudice and make for the popuI.nu> of the outfit. f.v 1008 so much interest was mani fest' throughout the Northwest i In Un gas tractor that it was decided to ho j, motor competition In con"e^.0".^ the industrial exhibition at \ < Canada. During the week of Juij 1 17 lf)0S this contest was held, first of its kind on the American con tinent. Machine's were exhibited b> five companies; two other companies entered, but withdrew. The rules of the contest limited the weight to seven and one-half tons to keep out steam risrs This rule barred one ga. tractor, as it weighed nine and one half tons. . - Early T^sts Unsatisfactory. The tests upon which final a^ard was based consisted of hauling, plow ing and manipulation. Some of he soil conditions were not ideal, and a bad impression was given in the hau in"- tests. The barred machine put on" a private demonstration and made an excellent showing, using kerosene except to warm up the motor at the beginning. The significance of till? contest was that the ^vealc point* were shown and that it started tin development of practical motors for small farms. - . In 1000 a similar test was held a Winnipeg and six companies demon strated machines. The contest ^as divided Into fovA* classes: (a) Interna combustion 20 horsepower and under (b) o0-"0 horsepower, (e) over horsepower, and (d) steam engines This contest created much interest ir manufacturing circles, and many man ufacturers were present to obtain use ful information, which showed tha thev were alive to the possibilities at tending fhe development of a success lul tractor. ' To Winnipeg murt go the honoi o! sfirting an idea which has done ? j great deal to develop the tractor in- j dustrv rapidly. These tests were too j forerunners of others in various sec/ Lions of the L-niteu States and Canada I "s tt.at lint*' At von farmers the opportu nity of seeing these machines at work and deciding on the merits of the in dividual tractors. Tractor Shows Develop. In 1909 five tractors were exhibited nt the Omaha land show. It was in tended to make the exhibition a per manent feature, but failure to find suit able land for ploying caused the idea to be abandoned. Not until 1913 was anything on a large scale attempted in the United States. Then a demonstra tion was held at Fremont, Neb., in which 23 manufacturers exhibited 39 tractors. From this time on a na tjomrt tractor demonstration, has been held each summer, with an ever-In creasing number of manufacturers ex hibiting until at the last show, held in Salina, Kan., in 1918, over 300 ma I chines were entered, and 53 manufaC- j I turers were represented. A winter : ; meeting is held each year at which manufacturers of tractors and ac- ! cessories exhibit. This show has been held in Kansas City, Mo., for the past four years. Various local shows are j put on each summer, and fince 191G i tho.se haYH continued throughout the j summer, beginning in Texas and con- ' tinning northward. In March, 1919, the j first large demonstration of the year; was held In the South at Macon, Ga., i which shows that the South is alive to i the possibilities of tractor farming. The following production figures ; show -the enormous growth of the tractor industry In the coinpara- j tively short time it has been in exist- ! ence : FARM MACHINERY-FARM POWER, MARCH 15, 1915. J912 * 11,500 j 1911 35, CCC ! 1915 21.0CC [ FARM EQUIPMENT CONTROL, UNIT- ' ED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AG RICULTURE. 1916 29,67) 1917 Cl\7;2 1918 J32.7GJ MANUFACTURERS' ESTIMATED PRO DUCTION. 1919 .... % 314,225 As previously stated, there Was esti mated to be between 45 and 50 firms or individuals making or attempting to make tractors in 1909. The office of farm management, United States department of agriculture, has always kept in close touch with the tractor in dustry, and the files show that in 1909 there were 102 firms actively engaged in manufacturing tractors and 1G2 firms and individuals planning to be gin In the near future. Character cf Tractor Changed. In the beginning the tractor was con structed to simulate the steam engine in appearance. As time-passed and prejudice disappeared many refine ments took place until today it is a compact, well-built machine capable of performing a multitude of opera tions. The first machines were heavy, rough affairs-, capable of pulling eight, ten. or more bottom*. It. was so:;n rec ognized that if the industry were to prosper a machine would have to be built which would bo practical for or dinary-sized farms. The result was that small machines came on the mar ket, built to pull two f.n'l three plows. This type of tractor appealed to tho small farmer. There are now , more two and three plow machines built than of all other sizes combined. There are, how ever, a number of companies still mak ing a large-size tractor, which is still used on the big farms of the North west and the Pacific coast. How Tractor Was Transformed. From the rough machines of 1908 and 1909 with single cylinders, chain drive, cast gears, excessive weigh!, ex posed working parts, and poor ac cessibility have been developed ma chines of light weight with inclosed working parts, friction and various gear drives, electric fixtures, radiator cooling systems, cut and hardened gears, multiple cylinders, aJr cleaners, kerosene carburetors, one-man control, and an easy- accessibility ? all this at a price of one-half to one-fourth of the early machines. Owing to varying conditions, there are two types of machine on ihe mar ket at present ? the crawler and the wheeled type. The purpose of the crawler is to prevent miring down on soft ground. The same principle was employed by tanks' in the late war. The Wheeled tractors are more numer ous and employ various devices to obtain traction, such as lugs, grouters. spikes, cleats and extension rims. ? Again, some wheels have a d< vice giv ing a stepping arrangement, as In the P-T wheel, which was developed by two Italian army engineers. A few tractors employ both the crawler and wheel. v As yet the tractor industry is com paratively young, and what its uitl ? mate effect on farming will be it L> im possible to say. s \ ITS GLORY ALL IN THE PAST ? ? Passage of Time Has Left Quaint Old Welsh Town of Kidwelly Far Behind. Kidwelly is a quaint old town in i Wales. It is a dreamy little commu nity set in snugly between broad marshes and Carmarthen bay, and di vided by a curving river with an un pronounceable Welsh name. Old Kid welly lives largely in the -past. It has been the scene of battles and sieges. It has a castle whose turrets and round towers still stand bravely, their age - kindly hidden by the vines that enfold them. It pretends to remember well the oc casion of the .-Welsh princess who | stormed the town at the head of her , | army. It tells the story proudly, a little sadly at the epd, for the warrior princosa was executed by her enemies. ft is a dusty, unromantic climb to the battlements, but the view from the i ensile top Is worth the trip. The quaint, tumbledown houses at the foot 1 of the walls are a mere skeleton of the old town as it was in its prime. Be yond them are marshy fields rolling away to the nest village. Far below Is the river once thronged with ships of trade that long ago deserted it for richer ports. Its streets are almost j empty, and its old-fashioned residents, J primly oblivious to new improvements j and styles of architecture, testify loud- , ly to its age, TRIPS MADE BY MAYFLOWER Famous Vessel Continued Voyages Long After That One of So Much Historical Interest. There Is matter of interest to May flower descendants, and Americans in general, in the recent discovery of let ters written some 250 years ago by John Eliot, the "Apostle to the In dians," to his friend, Rev. Joseph Han mer of Barnstaple, England. By these old letters it appears that the May flower continued making trips to Amer ica, and that very many Americans nowadays might Justly claim that their j forbears crossed in that famous ^es- I sel, although not mentioned in Gov ernor Bradstreet's passenger list. The Eliot letters, however, do not name subsequent passengers, although they indicate a bill-of-Iading showing that the Mayflower continued in the ship ping trade with New England and was bringing over merchandise HO years and more after the landing of the Pil grims. Incidentally the humorists who have often asked how so much ancient furniture could have come over in the Mayflower are answered by the his toric fact that the good ship kept ) coming and going. ? Christian Science I Monitor. _ Salzburg. Salzburg lies on burth sides of the Salzach river, hemmed in on either bend by precipitous mountains. A large fortress overlooks it on the south, from the -summit of a perpen dicular rock, against which the houses in that part of the city are built. The streets are narrow and crooked, but the newer part contains many open squares adorned with handsome foun tains. The variety of costume among the people is very interesting. The in habitants of the salt district have a peculiar dress; the women wear round fur caps, with little wings of gauze at the side. I saw other women with headdresses of gold or silver filigree, ! something In shape like a Roman hel- j met, with a projection at the back of j the head, a foot long. The most interesting objects in Salz burg to ms were the house of Mozart, in which ?he composer was born; and the monument lately erected to him. ? Bayard Taylor. Great American Historian. In 175)0, on the 4th of May, William Prescott, the histoihm, was born at Salem, Mass. When I'rescott entered the field of world history America had yet to make her mark in that line. Her historians lis.d been imitative of the European wrliirs >>r hopelessly in ferior. Prescott's wo: ? :;s accorded im mediate recognition !n Europe and he was recognized being the highest in rank of all Ai::.>ric:in historians. His best-known wort*'- i'.re the "History of the Conquest of i'rru" and the "His tory of the Con?iU?-st of Mexico." He died at Boston on the 29th of January, 1859. ? By-Pec. Jucts. . These are su! : !'.;nees or results ob tained coilateniiiy or incidentally In the operation oC a specific process, or the manufacture of something else. In hunting game f< r food the hide and feathers are by-products. In ginning cotton the cottonseed is a by-product which for many years was regarded as a waste. Now it is used In the making of cottonseed oil. In the manufacture of lumber, sawdust is a by-product; coke is a by-product in '.he manufac ture of gas, but not the only one In the process. Whisky Term. The mixture called 100 per cent proof Is less than 50 per cent of spir its. The volume of water is about 57.10. The origin of the term "proof spirit" is interesting. Formerly it was customary to test 1 he- strength of spir its by pouring a sample on gunpowder. If, when a light was appljed. the al coht i burned away and left the pow der so drunp I hat It could not be set on lire the spirit was declared to be uikh [-proof, a sample just strong enough to ignite the powder was calUd proof. MAT HAVE BEEN ERICSSON'S Interesting Speculation Arising Frcm Discovery of Ancient Galleys Buried in Norway. i i A traveler in Norway has been look ing at the two ancient ships, In one of which, though probably in neither. Lief Ericsson may have reached the western world five centuries before Columbus. Nothing proves that either of them was Ericsson's galley; noth ing proves that It wasn't. The ancient pagan custom that burled the craft of the sea-hero preserved the galleys away in tie .soil' of Norway, thanks to a covering of potter's clay, and a ! twentieth century farmer recovered the second one. The savants looked it over, and dated It from the nintli century, contemporary with the ad venturous Ericsson, possibly bis own ship. About seventy feet long, the vessel is shaped not unlike a double pointed rawboat, flat and low, with forked uprights for 115 pairs of oars and the conventional dragon carved oil bow and stern. Under the floor are the compart moots where the voyagers doubtless stored their provisions. One can Imagine the watcher at the prow, the helmsman tugging at the titter, tine galley master high in the poop beat ing with his great hammer the rhythm for the thirty oarsmen. It is far more difficult to imagine how they slept ami ate in rough weather. SYMBOL OF BRUTE FEROCITY ; In All Ages the Tiger Ha6 Been Famed for Its Strength, Daring and Deep Cunning. It Is said that the tiger has never been made the basis of a royal emblem except by Tlppoo, the famous sultan of Mysore. Tlppoo himself was as fero cious as a wild animal and kept near him a mechanical toy representing a life-sized tiger worrying the body of a British soldier. When the toy was wound up the tiger growled and the soldier groaned and Tlppoo smiled. It may be that the tiger, though the ideal of brute symmetry and power, has never attained unto the dignity of a royal emblem for the reason that ii\ every language the word for this anf mal is a synonym for stealthy, cruel, strong-limbed ferocity. Nature has made the tiger unequaled in the com bination of speed, strength, cunning, daring and physical beauty. A tiger's first bounds are so rapid as to brrnff it alongside an antelope, and a blow of Its paw will stun a charging bull. It has been known to spring over a wall five feet high into a cattle pen and to jump back with a full-grown animal in Its jaws. Sportsmen -vav that they have known ft to carry away the bait while they were putting up the shelters from which to shoot it.? New York Herald. No More "Lykerstanes." "Lykerstanes," or stones by the road side for resting coffins on while rtn the way to the cemetery, are now things of the past In Scotland. The root of the word, which Is the old Eng lish of Anglo-Saxon "lie," means "a body corpse." These lykerstanes were the equivalent of the lichgates, common In rural England. Many farms bear names after the famous stones, although the spell ing is changed -somewhat, some being, called "Leckerstone" and "Llquorich.** One stone is still at Falkland, built Into n walk and vulgarly known as "Llquorstone." Two of the lykerstanes were former ly in the parish of Addie, at the junc tion of the road from the Den of Lin dores to the churchyard, but they were removed about the beginning of the last century. They consisted of tw? unhewn boulders of bluish stone. aboiH three feet high, and somewhat square on the sides and top. Daydreams. Dreams will at times reveal to us how little we have forgotten; but the value of dreams as a key to remem brance is distorted and diminished by what seems their lack of selection. They blend the past with the present, or with sheer impossibility, In such a hopeless medley. At their best our dreams scom fan tasies, based upon the real yet wander ing from it with erratic inconsequence, of which the possible meaning eludes us. And yet a dream sometimes will revive so much, with miracle as of resurrection. But It is In our day dreams, when reason still retpins the controlling hand, that we most surely touch the past; and daydreams are the poetry of memory. Chaucer. ITis best tales run on like one of om inland rivers, sometimes hastening b little and turning upon themselves It eddies that dimple without retarding the current; sometimes loiterin* smoothly, while here and there a qulel thought, a tender feeling, a pleasant image, a golden-hearted verse, opem quietly like a water-Illy, to float on the surface without breaking it Into a rli> pie. Fie prattles Inadvertently away and all the while, like the princess In the story, lets fall a pearl ai every other word. ... If cliaracter may be divined from works, he was n good man. genial, sincere, hearty, temperate qf mind. . . . thoroughly humane, and friendly with Cod and man.? Lowell. While Food Is Short. "'Taln't manners to talk while you're eatin'." said Miss Brown. "So," answered .Miss Jones; "an' wif food scarce like it Is. 'taln't pood Judgment, either." ? London Answers.