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VOL. 41 MONTEREY. HIGHLAND COUNTY, VA.( FRIDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1919 NO. 41 ]A The Good Old Kind that Oc. years. Unequalled ror biliousness, Yf O Sick Headache, Constipation and 'i 1V7AV M'llSc Malaria. At all druggists. Manufac JL lilL?> tured by Polk Miller Drug Co., Inc* Richmond, Va. What Flake/' It (To ? ?J The clock's a puzzle. The world's a puzzle. " Motion's the joy of watchmakers and the despair of philosophers. Our clocks and watches go. If there's any puzzling to be done we do it under a fair and honest guarantee. D. I? . SWITZER. JEWELER Staunton, va. PALAIS ROYAL The House of Fashion." Staunton, Va. Announce a complete showing of all that is new in fashionable wear ing ap]):.rel for the fastidious woman, for fall .and winter wear. Smartly tailored and novelty suits Distinctive Coats for Ladies, Misses and Children Moc ish Dresses for?very occasion. Reliable Furs, ultia fashionable blouses CapftEFaftmg Mifoissy Every thing that could be desired for the woman who would be well dressed. If interested in style ? don't fail to visit us. HIGHLAND COUNTY DIRECTORY. County and District Officers: Henry W. Hojt, Judge of Circuit Court, Staunton, Va. Terms of Court ? 4th Tuesday in April, 2d Tuesday July, 2d Tuesday October. Edwin B. Jones, Commonwealth At torney, Monterey, Va. W. H. Matheny, Clerk, Monterey, Ya. Hubert Smith, Sheriff, Hightown, Va. Willis Gi6son, Treasurer, Vanderpool Va. J. H. Pruitt, Commissioner of Revenue, Monterey, Ya. I. L. Beverage, Co. Surveyor. Monte ' rey, Va. Walter MuMcnax. Srpt. <.f Puor. Crab bottom, Va. R. E. Mauzy, Supt. of Schools. High town, Va. Blue Grass District J. W. Hevener, Supervisor (Cbnn.) Hightown, Va. J. C. Herold, Overseer of Poor, High town, Va. J. F. Cola-v, Constable, Crabbottom. Va. D. 0. Bird, Justice, Valley Center, Va. E. D. Swecker, Justice, Monterey, Rtl G. D.,Dudley, Justice, Hightown, Va. Monterey District. A. J. Terry, Supervisor,' Trimble, Va. D. C. Samples, Constable, Monterey Arthur Hevener, Overseer of Poor, Monterey, Va. J. H. Samples, Justice, Monterey, Va. [. D. Gutshall, Justice, Vanderpool, Va. J. H. Burns, Justice, Bolar, Va. Stonewall District. J. H. Armstrong, Supervisor, McDow ell, Va. /. W. Simmons, Constable, Headwa ters, Va. Uhap. Pitscnberger, Overseer of Poor Doe Hill, Va. fj. M. Pope, Justice, Doe Hill, Va. G. A. Propst, Justice, McDowell. UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA Head of Public School System of Va. DEPARTMENT REPRESENTED College, Graduate, Law, Medicine, Engineering LOAN HOUNDS AVAILABLE to deserving students. 3 0.00 cover* ill costs t<i Virginia sK-Jents in the Academic Department. nd for cat alogue. HOWARD WINfciON, Registrar IJi;iV?r8lty. Va. . We are getting in our new line of Sample Shoes. Will be on sale Mon day, 22nd ? Shoes to the consumer at last May wholesale pries. High lard Mer. Co. Get Your Plumbing Done Before Winter We have purchased a new plumb ing cut-flt and will be in a position to -give you flrst-class work promptly. Work guaranteed. We kindly solicit your patronage. JONES BROS. J. Luther Jones James Jones 18 cents a package What you pay out your good money for is cigarette satisfaction ? and, my, -how you do get it in every puff of Camels! EXPERTLY blended choice Turkish and choice Domestic tobaccos in Camel cigarettes elimi nate bite and free them from any unpleasant cigaretty aftertaste or unpleasant cigaretty odor. Camels win instant and permanent success with smokers because the blend brings out to the limit the refreshing flavor and delightful mel low-mildness of the tobaccos yet re taining the desirable "body." Camel^ are simply a revelation! You may smoke them without tiring your taste! For your own satisfaction you must compare Camels with any cigarette m the world at any price. Then, you'll best realize their superior quality and the rare enjoyment they provide. R. J. REYNOLDS T03ACC0 COMPANY, Wins'on-Salem, N. C WILSON'S WORDS f CLEAR UP DOUBT CALIFORNIA THROWS OVER ITS LEADER, JOHNSON, AND RALLIES TO LEAGUE. WEST GIVES HIM OVATION All Doubtful Features of Paet Aro Explained Away By President, and Former Dcufatsrs Hasten to Give Him TKsir Support. (By Indepsndent News Bureau, form erly Mt. Clemens New.-s Bureau.) Aboard President Wilson's Special Train ? A continue. j ovation along the Pacific coast and then on his eastward way back towrri tin capital was given to President Wilson as he came toward the end of his month daylong speaking tour in behalf of the League of Nations. California, particularly th? delightful city of Los Angeles, went wild in its enthusiasm for him and hig advocacy of the League, find it wag In that statu, perhaps, that he did his most successful missionary work. Hirrtm Johnson, California's formex governor, now her United States sena tor, and considered by her as the most likely Republican candidate for the presidency in 1920, had before the ar rival of President Wilson, convinced a great number of citizens that the League as at present formulated was not a good thing. He had told them that the United States, because of it, would be drawn into every petty European quarrel; he argued that we would lose our sovereignty by joining with: the European nations. He had blamed the president for assenting to Ihe possession by Japan of the Penin sula of Shan Tung in China, BUREAU CHANGES NAME ? The Mount Clemens News i Bureau, which has been furnishing j reports on President Wilson's tour | in behalf of the League of Nations j fc:> 5.5'X) papers, has adopted a new ; runic and will hereafter bo known t as The Independent News Bureau. But Mr. Wilson, with clear logic ana ?Ith compelling eloquence, answered o the entire satisfaction of Califor a's people every objection which iiator Johnson had made to the ague. And thousands of the state's izeus deserted the Johnson stand: .1 immediately and rallied to the sup : t cf the president. More than that, y cams forward and said, "We :i agrinst you, Mr. President, but i have cleared everything up and v we are with you heart and soul." 1 more than that, they let Senatoi . linson know that they were no ,gcr with him and that they disap jved of the speaking tour which he n^clf was making in opposition tc e League end so powerful was the lume of public opinion which reach him, that the senator almost 1m ;diately abandoned his tour. The ?an Tung question, because of the i-Japanese feeling which undoubted exists along the Pacific coast was e most serious which the president i to rnswer. He .explained to the >p!e that he had been powerless to ,;vent'thc> rich penins^a from being ?n to Japan. England and France, rotigh a secret treaty, had promised tj Japan for entering the war and emaining in it. That treaty had to ?e carried out. Anyway it was not China that was losing Shan Tung, but ^ormany, which had seized the terri cory from China ytMj&98 and held it ivpv since. Japan had promised, the ...oiuent explained, to return Shan i nng as soon as the peace treaty was ratified and it was only through the -alificatlon of the "treaty with, the league of Nations inclusion, that China could ever expect to get her jrmer property back. And she surely ,vould got it back, ha declared, through ilie ratification of the League. There' :oro, through the same instrumentality :io other nation could again prey upon ?he "Great, patient, diligent, but help .ss kingdom." As to our being drawn nto any European conflict. The pres ?lent pointed out that no direct action _ucli a3 the ending of troops to any part of the wortd to maintain or re store order could be- taken by the Council cf the League without a unani mous vote of the council members, therefore our vote could at once nega tive any such proposition as sending our soldiers where we did not want them sent. Besides, Mr. Wilson argued, "If you have* to quench a fire in Cali fornia you don't send for the fire de partment of Utah." But, he argued, there probably never will be another war, if the League is established, for the members promise either to arbi trate their difference and accept the decision of the arbitrator, lay the dif ferences for discussion and publica tion bofore the Council of the League for a p riod of six months, and then, If possible, accept the council's advice. That failing, they agree to refrain from war lor a further period of tkree months and nine months of cooling off," the president contended, would prevent any armed conflict. These clear explanations satisfied every reasonable hearer and destroyed the "Bugaboos which Senator Johnson and others had raised against the League. Through rugged Nevada into Utah, the land of Mormons, the president swept to find that those fine people were heartily with him for the League and a per- , mano&Tr of peac*. I ! COULD READILY BELIEVE IT I Stage Driver Quite Willing to Accept "Keeper's" Explanation as He Understood It. The New Englander uses the word "natural" to describe one who was | unfurnished at birth with the usual j and indispensable quantity of brains. | Prof. Burt G. Wilder, the distinguish | ed zoologist, tells an amusing story that turns on a countryman's mistak ing the unfamil.'ar word "naturalist" lor the familiar word "natural." A few years after his arrival in America, Agassiz was one of a small party of Harvard professors who traversed the White Mountain region iu a currhigL' driven by i lie country man. Three of them were vivacious, restless, and on the lookout for speci men. They would call a halt, leap from the vehicle before it stopped, dysh over the fields, and returu with prizes in their boxes, in their hands and pockets, and even pinned upon their hats. The fourth, Prof. Pel ton, the brother-in-law of Agassiz, sat quietly in his corner of the carriage rradlng a favorite Greek author. When the bewildered driver could I stand it no longer be elicited from j Polton information that led him to I view the behavior of the others with j compassionate toleration. At the close of the day he thus conveyed his in terpretation to the innkeeper: "I drove the queerest lot you ever saw. They chattered like monkeys. They wouldn't keep still. They jump ed the fences, tore about the fields, and came back with their hats cover ed with bugs. I asked their keeper what ailed them; he said they was naturals, and, judgln' from the way they acted, I should say they was." ? Youths' Companion. MUCH DIFFERENCE IN HUMOR Brand Highly Thought Of in One Coun try Is Not Always Appreciated In Others. When Coleridge said, "No mind is thoroughly well organized that is de j ficient in the sense of humor," he ex i pressed a conviction that seems com ! inon to all civilized men, and makes each nation take pride in its humor and perhaps suspect that other nations enjoy a somewhat inferior brand. Yet comparisons of humor shows, broadly speaking, that the peoples of the world are much alike. In the Tourist, pub lished in Tokyo, a Japanese author, for example, remarks that humor "Is in deed the flower of life, and life with out it would be as dreary as spring withoyt its blossoms, To illustrate, he translates a numbpr of Japanese anec dotes, "funny stories," as the United States might call them, but one does not smile over them. Neither, on sec ond thought, does one smile over many of the "funny stories" in American magazines and newspapers. Humor which really amuses Is everywhere rare and precious, a "flower of life," as the Japanese gentleman poetically puts It, but growing up In company with a great many weeds. ? Christian Scieace Monitor. The Quaker Bonnet. I have heard that there is as much technique In the making of the bonnet of the olden pattern for the Friends as there is in the Japanese art of drinking tea. In Ohio there is a sec tion that wears the Quaker garb with the bonnet; there is another In Iowa that still keeps to the characteristic costume ; in NewYorkin a settlement on both sides of Lake Cayuga are Friends who follow the simple, historic fash Ion ; and in Fairhope, Ala., a single tax settlement very largely settled by Friends, are others. Much importance is attached to what is called the "ex pression" of the bonnet. In the very simplicity there is quite as much room for the manifestation of a particular taste as in the moTe elaborate millin ery of "the world's people." Even to half a hair things must be right. The finished product comes in for a close critical scrutiny at every possible an gle. The true Friend abhors display and self-advertisement, and. therefore, she does not care io have it known when a fresh bonnet is bought. That Is why each must be the same as the one that preceded it. ? Philadelphia Public Ledger. Rooster Ate 486 Kernels. A storekeeper at Montgomery City has sprung a new one In the guessing game. He took a big rooster and, af ter letting him fast for a day, put him in his show window with a large pan of corn, the kernels of which had been counted. He offered a prize to the persons guessing nearest the number of grains the rooster would eat in 20 minutes. The rooster had a ravenous appetite and for five minutes it looked as If there would not be a single kernel left. - _ But by the tjme the 20 minutes had eiapseO he had curled up In a corner. He had succeeded in putting away 480 grains. A woman whose guess was 488 got the prize. ? Kansas City Times. Tombstone's Weird Stain. In the village churchyard at Her brandston, near Milford Haven, there Is the grave of a young army ofiicer (at one time stationed with his rcsri ment at South I Took Fort, close by) who met death from a wound by a knife while playing a practical joke on a brother ofiicer. The tombstone, a marble cross, has become slightly discolored. One of the discolorations lias taken the almost perfect represent tlons of a hand grasping a knife or dagger. ? Cardiff Western Mail. 7s OLD WELL STILL PRODUCING Hole Drilled for Oil Pico Canyon, California, Continues to Pour Forth Wealth. t The first known discovery of petro leum In California was made in 1S6J>, by a Mexican hunter, who had followed a deer trail to Hie head of Pico canyon In Los Angeles county, near the pres ent town of Newhall. He came upon a seepage of sticky fluid that was unknown to him. Prompted by curiosity he collected a small quantity of it and took It to the mission settlement at San Fernando. There a Doctor Geisioh, who had for merly resided in Pennsylvania. Identi fied it as petroleum and at once formed , a company and staked out claims. In 1870 a shallow -well was drilled at the head of Pico canyon, and is said to have produced at the time of drilling be tween 70 and 75 barrels of oil per day. About this time D. G. Scofieid formed what was known as the Cali fornia Star Oil company. Later the Pacific Oil company was formed, and the two companies were operated un der the same management ? C. A. Men try being field superintendent, and Mr. Scoiieid. vice president and general manager. The old well today is the property of tlie Standard Oil company of Cal ifornia, and stands as the first and oldest well in the state. It has never been a prominent factor in California's petroleum industry as it is known to day, hut while hundreds of wells since drilled haven't even a derrick left to mark their location, "No. 4," as it is known, is still alive and still pro ducing. ? Petroleum Record. HISTORIC BERMUDAN CHURCH St. Peter's Has Many Mementoes of Interest to Both Englishmen and Americans. One of the most Interesting churches to be found anywhere is old St. Peter's In Bermuda. It is in the told town of St. George's, and was built In 1713 on the same site as the first church, built In 1G,"0. It is built of the native white limestone, as :ire all the buildings in the Bermudas, and it shows the marks of time. Everything in nnd about St. Peter's is intensely Interesting. Its Church yard contains, among others, the grave of Hester Tucker, the "Nea" be loved of Thomas Moore, the poet, who was an official at St. George's at one time, nnd promptly fell in love with pretty Hester. Every square inch ol the old church walls, inside, are cov ered with memorial tablets, many of them being the work of famous Eng lish sculptors. Not a few of th.e tab-, lets perpetuate the memory of mem bers of the English nobility, and it makes one realize what a scourge yel low fever and smallpox were before science got in its beneficent work, for j allusions to smallpox and yellow fever j being the cause of the deaths are very f numerous. St. Peter's has a massive silver communion service presented by King William III of England, and a christening basin, the gift of Gov. William Browrtc of Salem, Mass., in 17S8, .The pieces presented by the king all have the Insignia of the Or der of the Garter. Fighting Families. "The Smiths will win the war" never appeared on a poster during the con flict. Food, airplanes, propaganda and other agencies all were offered at some time as the balance of power, but the claims of the Smith family wore over looked. They were ready for the fight, however. 51,000 strong. An army by themselves were the Smiths who joined the colors. They outdistanced all com petitors for the first honors, for the Johnson family only sent 29.000 mem- J hers to the conflict. The Jones boys numbered a mere 22.7>00,^running even with their rivals the Greens. America's other prolific family, the Browns, sent 0,000 men to fight for Uncle Sam. The American melting pot also turned out 4,500 Cohens to help chase the Hun back of the Hindenburg line. In ad dition to these armies, there were enough bearers of military names to frighten an enemy that had studied American history. No less than 74 George Washingtons were In the ranks; two Ulysses S. Grants and five more without the middle initial, and 79 Robert E. Lees.? Bassett Blaekley, in Leslie's. She Fears Nobody. Precocity, thou art indeed often the sauce of life. When the 12-year-old daughter of a negro laundress brought back a customer's laundry at 11 p. m. Saturday the customer, femininely curlon*. Inquired : "Aren't you afraid to be out alone so late at night?" "Oh. no. I soi ? gun." responded the daugh ter of Africa, producing a 32-ca liber, loaded revolver from the pocket of her coat and flourishing It about. "I never shot it yet. " she continued un concernedly to further frightened in quiries. "but I would, all right. If anybody bothered me." She was hasti ly ushered out. ? Detroit Free Press. Clemenceau Was Peeved.. When Hodin modeled the bust of M. Clemenceau. which now stands fttnong those of other great Frenchmen in the senate chamber, his subject was not at all pleased with it." The big skull, projecting cheek bones, wrinkled eyes and drooping mustache were certainly ;<ot flattering. Scrutinizing It. the "Tiger" knit his brows and growled: "Who is this Mongol?" There are even those who say that was why M. Clemenceau did not favor a national funeral for Rodin, but "can such anger dwell In minds divine?" CULTIVATION NEEDED IN CORN PRODUCTION Object Is to Promote Early Growth and Development tw* Methods Will Vary to Meet Require* ments of Planting ? Prevent Weed# From Robbing Soil of Mol* ture and Fertility (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) Approximately 100.000,000 acres of corn in the United States are annually Riven two or more cultivations. Culti vation Is considered essential in the corn production. The general purpose of cultivation is to promote the early growth and later development of the corn -plant. The usual type of culti s^ation is sometimes modified to meet special conditions, such as retarding the vegetative growth of the plant by cutting the com roots in early cultiva tion. The kind of cultivation will also vary to some extent to meet the re quirements of different methods of planting. v Some of the most successful corn growers begin their cultivation before they plant their crop. They claim that a deep cultivation of the soil at this time Is of as much value as later cultivations. It causes the soil to warm more quickly, destroys early weed growth, and incorporates the veg etable matter more thoroughly Into the soil. Corn Is cultivated to prevent weeds from robbing the corn of soil mohture and fertility, to put the surface In the best condition to absorb rainfall, to warm the soil by drying its surface quickly, and to save moisture by check ing the capillary rise to the soil sur face. Corn should be cultivated often enough to keep down the weeds and to maintain a loose soil mulch* until the crop has attained its growth. To sat isfy this end a greater number of cul tivations will be necessary when rains at intervals of a week or so cause the surface soil to run together and crust. This crust must be broken find i Cultivation Is Essential in the Produc* tion of Corn. the soil mulch restored or excessive run-off and evaporation will soon rob the crop of much-needed' moisture. Promptness in restoring the soil mulch after etich rain is of great Importance* This work can be rapidly and less ex pensively performed by use of doublo cultivators widened, and by driving astride each alternate row, as by this practice the mulch is restored In halt the time necessary to drive astride of every row. Corn should not be cultivated so long as the soil mulch Is In good condl* tion and free of weeds. Corn should not be cultivated when the soil turns up in clods, breaking the corn roots and permitting the soil to dry out to a greater depth than It would If not cultivated. HAY CROPS FOR LIVE STOCK Many Farmers Unmindful of Nece?< city of Providing for Fall and Winter Feeding. (Prepared by the U/ilted States Depart* mcnt cf Agriculture.) The high price of rough feed em phasizes the necessity of all farmers planting a sufficient acreage of sum mer forage crops to enable them td provide themselves with hay and other roughages for their live stock during the coming year. With the abundance of pasture available In thel springtime farmers oftentimes are un mindful of the necessity of providing for that period during the fall when pasture will be dry, or during the win ter when there will be no feed avail able. The county agents should be con sulted with reference to the availabil ity of seed. Where outside purchase? have to be made the order should be placed at once, so that the seed may be on hand to sow when the soil Is in good condition and the season Is not too far advancd. Among the several summer hay crops for the Southwest sorghum or Sudan gras* are undoubtedly In most fa^or. In the "Southeastern territory sorghum and cowpeas, planted any time before the first of July, will ma ture a great abundance of good qual ity rough feed for mules or cattle. The county agents should be consulted with reference to best crops for local conditions, method of planting and quantity of seed per acre to be used in different localities.