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TEN INMATES LOST THEIR LIVES IN STATE REFORM SCHOOL FIRE. ONE OF WHOM WAS CLIF» FORD JEFFORDS OF CLEARWATER. HOLOCAUST OCCURRED AT MARIANNA, FLA. Two Dormitories Burned—All the Victims Were Inmates, White Boys—Part List. Pensacola, Fla., Nov. 10.—Eight in mates, white boys, and two attaches, of the Florida State Reform school at Marianna, Jackson county, Fla., were burned to death at an early hour this morning, when fire, starting from the explosion, it is supposed, of a huge kerosene lamp used for illuminating one of the halls in the main dormi tory for white boys, exploded. The victims were: Bennett Eivans, a carpenter. Charles Evans, a guard. Inmates were: Joe Weathersby, Jacksonville. Walter Fisher, Tampa (Plant City.) Clarence Parrott, Southland. Louis Fernandez, Key West. Harry Wells, Jacksonville. Earl E. Morris, Lakeland, Waldo Drew, St. Petersburg. ■Clifford Jeffords, Clearwater. Door Leading to Fire Escape Was Locked. For some reason it appears to have been a rule of the institution that the door learing to the fire escape be kept locked. Two Yale padlocks secured the door, and this formed a death trap. It was impossible for the two men and the eight boys to break down the door leading to the fire escape. The absence of a night guard allow ed the fire to gain great headway be fore it was The fire broke out snoritf fcerore 4 •o’clock. Acting Superintendent Willie Bell of Pensacola came near to losing his life. Bell is the young man formerly an employe of the First National bank of this city who two years ago pleaded guilty to robbing the bank of $50,000 in currency which he hid in an alley way at the rear of the bank where it was found when he confessed. He was convicted and sent to the federal reform school at Washington. Since his release from that institution Bell has been assistant superintendent of the reform school at Marianna. Fisher Sent to Reform School From Tampa Court. Walter Fisher was sent to the re form school for a term of four years by Judge E. V. Whitaker, April 28, 1914, and was taken to Marianna by Deputy Sheriff Arthur Brooks. He was charged with stealing a bicycle in Plant City, that latter place being his home. He was sixteen years of age when he entered the school. Jeffords Had Been There Only Two Weeks. i Clearwater, Fla., Nov. 18*—Clifford Jeffords, who lost his life at Marianna today in the fire at the state industrial school, according to a telegram re ceived today by his mother, a widow, was sent to the industrial school but two weeks ago. He was not sent there fore any misdemeanor, but sim ply because he would not attend school. With no father to care for him. his mother found it hard to control the boy. He was a bright, honest lad, according to his former employers, the Clearwater Sun, for whom he car ried papers for five weeks and had only the fault of truancy. " 4, Working on Message. Washington, Nov. 18.—President Wilson today began work on his an nual /message to Congress which he .will .deliver in person at the opening of Hie regular session in December. TORNADO STRUCK DELRAY; § MANY HOUSES DAMAGED. West Palm Beach, Nov. 18.—A tor nado struck the negro section of Del ray, seventeen miles south of here, yesterday afternoon and damaged twenty-six houses. houses were comp’etely de- while many roofs were tak en off. Rain approaching a cloud burst was falling at the time. THE EVENING LEADER ################ * EXPLOSION THROWS * * BOILER TWO BLOCKS; * * MILL’S OWNER KILLED. ft ft % =B* Monroe, La., Nov. 18.—An ex- ft ft plosion at the mill of the Mon- ft ft roe Shingle Company today cata- ft ft pulted a huge boiler two blocks ft ft from the mill. It passed over two ft ft dwellings in its flight, clipping a ft ft chemney from one, cut down, ft ft two trees and landed between two ft ft other houses. C. S. Stewart, own- ft ft er of the mill, was instantly kill- ft ft ed, a fireman probably fatally ft ft hurt and one person less serious- ft ft ly injured. ft ft ft ft & ft ft ft ft ft ft & ft ft ft ft ft # BETTER FEELING VERY WIDE-SPREAD BUSINESS THROUGHOUT ENTIRE COUNTRY BEGINNING ON MODERATE BOOM. COTTON GOES UP CENT A POUND Secretary McAdoo Says Anxiety About Insufficient Money and Credit it at an End. Washington, Nov. 18.—Secretary McAdoo said: “The opening of the Federal reserve banks will put. an ej)d to the annual anxiety about crops,? They will des troy permanently extreme fluctuations >4 , in interest rates and available credits. The supply of credits will be absolute ly responsive to the demand, and busi ness will be freed from the restric tions, limitations and injuries frpm which it has suffered in the past. The whole country is to be congratulated upon this final step in an achievement I which promises such incalculable ben efits to the American people.” Boom in Chicago. Chicago, Nov. 18.—The opening of the Federal Reserve Bank in this dis- I trict released about $32,000,000 of gold held in reserve. Os this Chicago banks released about $25,000,000. In anticipation of the opening Mon day interest dropped in the middle of last week from 7 to 6 per cent. It is ; predicted that_ the rate will soon go | to 5 and I The ease in the money situation has I started up widespread building im j provements. Railroad conditions in the West are better than a year ago. St. Louis Feels Effect. St. Louis, Nov. 18.—The St. .Louis Federal Reserve Bank District has been for some time enjoying the ad vantages of the change in reserve re quiremnts, the large St. Louis banks, with hardly an exception, having re tained in their vaults only about 18 per cent, of demand deposits, the re serve requirement under the new bank ing law. The new law has already stimulated wholesale buying here and merchan dise is moving out more freely than was expected. Second Boston Bank. Boston, Nov. 18.—The Federal Re serve Bank of Boston, begins business with subscribed capital of $9,931,740, and in that respect will rank second to but one Boston bank. The deposits <ff 1 444 depositors will run to about $30,- 1000,000, it is estimated. Means End of Panics. San Francisco, Cal., Nov. 18.—The Federal Reserve Bank for the San Francisco District, which includes Cal ifornia, Oregon, Washington* Idaho, Nevada and Arizona, expects to have within the week $10,000,000 on deposit. The membership banks in this district The tornado did not strike except in the colored section. Very little, if , any insurance was carried. The houses [ for the most part belonged to the negroes living at Delray. This is the second tornado to strike • Delray within a year. The first one ■ took away several structures on the ocean beach, and destroyed a church. TARPON SPRINGS, FLORIDA, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1914. Summary of War News. Subscriptions to the Austrian war loan were opened Monday and the first day’s operations in this respect are considered extremely successful. Be sides a number of large subscriptions, several hundred thousand dollars in smaller amounts have been offered. Among the Russian prisoners cap tured by the Germans in the battle of Kutno were the governor of War saw and his staff, according to a Ber lin telegram forwarded to Reuter’s Telegram Company from Amsterdam. Telegraphing from Dunkirk, France the correspondent of the Daily Mail says: “There was heavy fighting around Ypres Monday. The casualties were large, but the battle resulted in ex cellent progress for the allies. “The German casualties are estima ted at 100,000 in the past four days.” A dispatdh from Copenhagen to the SHARPE WILL TAKE OVER DUTIES AT PARIS LATE IN PRESENT MONTH, Paris, Nov. 19.—Myron T. Herrick, the American ambassador who is to be relieved of his duties late this month by William G. Sharpe, has engaged passage for the United States on the steamer Rochambeau, which will sail on November 28. Queen Mary of England has written Mrs. Herrick a personal letter express ing appreciation for what she ahd oth er American women have done for the British wounded in Paris. TURKER MUST GIVE REASON WHY SHOT WAS FIRED AT LAUNCH OF CRUISER TENNESSEE. Washington Officials Say They Believe Act Was Friendly One Instead Os Being Hostile. Washington, Nov. 18.—The United States government has directed Am bassador Morganthau at Constantino ple, to ask an explanation of the fir ing by Turkish forces at the launch from the American cruiser Tennessee. Secretary Daniels simultaneously ca bled the commanders of the Tennessee and the North Carolina which also is in Mediterranean waters, to take no action which might embarass the American government, and to await instructions from Washington. Officials here decline to believe that the firing was an unfriendly or hos tile act. They thought the firing was a friendly act, giving the customary warning by a signal shot that the port of Smyrna was mined and closed, else the boat was turned back because by its attempt to enter without a pre vious arrangement with the Turkish authorities. These views, they ad mitted, were purely speculative. SMALL WIRELESS PLANT CAUSED ALL THE ALARM Tampa, Nov. 18.—A small wireless plant erected by amateurs at Central ia, four miles from Bayport, Hernan do county, was found today to be the cause of anxiety at Washington over the supposed operation of a German radio station near here. The plant has a limited area but not sufficient to reach vessels at sea. The government agent from Washington to investigate has not yet arrived. have an approximate capital of $130,- 000,000. 'The leading bankers of San Francis co believe that the opening of the Re serve bank will prevent any recur rence of financial panic. Bank Laws Extended. Philadelphia, Nov. 18.—The Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, has sub scribed capital of over $12,000,000 and it opened with $2,000,000 capital paid in. The change in reserve require ments will release about $12,500,000 and the member banks will be able to enlarge their accommodations to bor rowers to about $50,000,000. Much Released at Kansas City. Kansas City, Nov. 18.—Reserves re leased in Federal Reserve District No. 10 by the Federal Reserve Act approx Star says it is learned from a German source that a Russian squadron has left Helsingsfors, Finland, and is steering southwest with the supposed intention of engaging the German Baltic squadron. The nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant quotes a letter from a Galician priest stating that 40,000 Austrians have been buried in one day in a grave six and one-half feet wide, and little more than four miles long. The bodies, the letter says, were laid next to each oth er in; three layers. These men were it is stated, during a battle lasting only a few hours. A dispatch to Reuter’s Telegram Company from Brussels via Amster dam states that the governor of Na mur province anonunces that the clearing work of the Meuse has so far progressed that the river, from Rhine to Namur, will be navigable next Sunday. McADOO DECLARES BIG COTTON RELIEF FUND WILL PROVE SUCCESS. Washington, Nov. 17.—Secretary McAdoo reiterated today that the $135,000,000 cotton loan fund has not been abandoned, and characterizes predictions that it is likely to fail as eminating “undoubtedly from some interests opposed to the fund.” “The required subscriptions,” Mr. McAdoo said, “are almost complete, and it is said that a definite announce ment will be made within the next few days.” WRIGHT HAD CLOSE CALL TELLS OF SHOOTING ON BOARD CLYDE STEAM ER MOHAWK. Got fAblet in- Hip When-F. W. R. Hin man Was Killed by Madman Last Wednesday. (St. Petersburg Times.) Benjamin H. Wright, who was wounded on the steamer Mohawk, when F. ,W. R. Hinman, of Jackson ville was killed by a demented pas senger last Wednesday night, reached St. Petersburg last night from Jack sonville. Mr. Wright carries with him as a souvenir of his trip down from New York, a .32-caliber bullet, in his right hip, and a pair of crutches, as he is unable to walk, owing to the wound. • Mr. Wright tells a graphic story of the killing of Mr. Hinman by George Batcheller Perkins, a Boston archi tect, who is being held in Charleston, S. C., for a hearing. Besides Mr. Wright, Captain Andrew Ingram, of the Mohawk, was wounded by Perkins having a bullet hole in his abdomen. “The events of last Wednesday night, just a week ago tonight, by the way,” said Mr. Wright last night, “will be vivid in my mind as long as I live I am glad to be here and I am lucky to be alive.” BRITISH AVIATOR DROPS BOMB, KILLING CITIZENS. London, Nov. 17. —(3:53 p. m.)— The Central News publishes a dis patch from Amsterdam saying that a German newspaper appearing in Brus sels declares that a British aviator has dropped a bomb on the town of Cour trai, in Belgium, on the River Lys, twenty-six miles southwest of Ghent. The explosion of the bomb killed fif teen of the local population. imate $57,000,000. Os this sum at least $10,000,000 is released in Kansas City. The Federal Reserve Bank here opens with an initial capital of $925,- 000 and deposits of $12,000,000. At the end of . the thirty-six months the cap ital will approximate $2,800,000 and deposits $32,000,000. The bank clear ings for Kassas City last week were $80,039,583, as against $63,098,740 in the corresponding week of last year. Minneapolis Feels Stimulation. Minneapolis, Minn., Nov. 18.—Bank reserves in the Ninth Federal Reserve District released by the opening of the Reserv Bank in Minneapolis Mon day approximately $43,000,000. Every section has begun to feel the stimu lating effect already. One of the most significant results has been the deci (Continued on Page 4.) MEXICAN KALEIDOSCOPE SHOWS VILLA MARCHING TO MEXICO CITY. ft*:############## ft INDICTMENT AGAINST ft ft FORMER TREASURER ft ft OF U. S. QUASHED, ft ft ft ft New York, Nov. 18.—The in- ft ft dictment charming Daniel N. Mor ft ft gan, former Treasurer of the ft ft United States, and six others ft ft charged with using the mails to ft ft defraud stock investors in connec- ft ft tion with the operations of Jared ft ft Flagg, was quashed today 1 upon ft ft motion of the United States dis- ft ft trict attorney, who said the testi- ft ft mony of Flagg’s trial showed ft ft that Mr. Morgan and his six ft ft associates were not guilty. ft ft##########ftft ft ft ft MONEY IS EASIER NOW EVERYWHERE NEW FINANCIAL SYSTEM AL ’ READY BRINGING GOOD RESULTS. MILLIONS RELEASED BY MOVE. Money Easier and a Stimulation of Trade and Manufactures Is Seen In Almost Every Section. New York, Nov. 18.—With the open ing of the twelve Federal Reserve Banks there was released, Comptrol ler estimates, $460,000,000 in gold and legal tenders, which will form the ba sis for a loan expansion throughout the country of $1,000,000,000 approx imately. There was released in New York alone $160,000,000 of the re serve. This means that the credit facilities of the metropolis were so increased thrat'there Is an abundance iXSftgy now for the encouragemqjft of every legitimate business ejrferprise. The banks have already deduced their rates for loans to practically a normal basis for this season of the year. Within three and one-half months, after one of the worst financial crises through which the country has ever passed* the banking situation has been restored to normal and there is therefore no rea son why business should not be re sumed along the customary lines with confidence. Good Sign. Signs of returning confidence among investors are afforded by sharp ad vances in securities during the last ten days and the removal on last Fri day of all restrictions on dealings in unlisted stocks. The reopening of the New York Stock Exchange is being hastened by the growing demand for securities and the rapid building up of a trade balance with Europe, which will offset any liquidation by it in American stocks and bonds. FIRE AT FORT MYERS BURNS THREE HOTELS Hendry and Tonnelier Buildings and Several Other Structures Wiped Out. Fort Myers, Fla., Nov. 18.—An early morning fire today destroyed property of a value close to $75,000. The loss includes the Michigan hotel, Florida house, Kentucky house, Tonnelier building and the Hendry building. The alarm was sounded at 3:45 o’clock when the restaurant of T. Le nas was discovered to be in flames. The fire was soon communicated to the Tonnelier building, then to the J. A. Hendry building, all of these being destroyed early in the fire. The Flori da house was next to catch and it was destroyed. For quite a while it ap peared as though the Henderson store would burn. Splendid work on the part of the firemen saved this building but the Green tailor shop and the Ho- GERMANY WILL ALLOW AID SENT TO BELGIAN PEOPLE. Washington Nov. 18.—Germany will welcome American assistance in re lieving the Belgians. Mr. Bryan issued this statement: “The German government is doing everything possible to help the suffer ing population of Belgium and will welcome any assistance given by TEN CENTS A WEEK. NO. 266. IS AT HEAD OF AN ARMY OF 22 THOUSAND SOLDIERS. CARRANZA REPUDIATES GONZALEZ TELEGRAM. Says He Was Misunderstood and Did Not Intend to Retire in Favor of Gutierrez. Washington, Nov. 18.—General Vil la, commanding the troops under con trol of the Aguas Calientes conven tion, is marching on Mexico City. His army today reached Leon, the first important railroad center southe of Aguas Calientes. General Pablo Gon zales and Carranza forces are at Quaretaro and Irapto, where the first important clash between Carranza and the convention probably will occur. American consul Silliman has tele graphed that conditions are far more serious in Mexico City /than at any other time since peace parleys began. He regards actual hostilities as inevi table, though some of the generals still are trying to patch up the dif ferences between the factions. Carranza, according to messages from Silliman and Leon Canova, spe cial agent at Aguas Calientes, declar ed, that he had been misunderstood and that he never intended to deliver the excutive power except to seme man of his own selection. Alleges Truce Was Violated. Mexico City., Nov. 18.—Gen. Alvaro Obregon, who yesterday assumed com mand of the capital and of the federal district, last night received a telegram from Gen. Pablo Gonzales in which the latter declared that General Villa, by repeatedly broken the truce agreement entered into November 12 by General Gonzales and Gen. Eulalio Gutierrez, who was recently chosen provisional president by the Aguas Calientes con vention. General Gonzales concluded his message with the following: * “For my part I believe that I have complied with my duties as a soldier and a citizen. I have tried to avoid the shedding of blood which the enemy appears thirsty for, and the war which we are obliged to prosecute with all vigor forthwith is justified by the unworthy conduct of our opponents.” A large body of troops belonging to General Obregon’s division arrived here last night from Irapuato, twenty nine miles southwest of Guanajuata. General Alvardo, post commander, has issued a statement in which he declares that General Villa is a great er enemy to the cause of Mexican de mocracy than was General Huerta. He says that Villa has forced an un necessary civil war on Tdexico. It is reported here that General Carranza will move his capital to Vera Cruz immediately upon the evacuation of that city by the Americans. Carranza Repudiates Telegram. Washington, Nov. 18.—General Car ranza has repudiated the telegram sent for him by Gen. Pablo Gonzales to Gen. Eulalio Gutierrez in which the first chief was represented as saying he would retire. This was an nounced today in an official dispatch from American Consul Siliman. Carranza declared he had misunder stood. In the telegram sent, the first chief was described as ready to re sign if both he and Villa relinquished their commands and meet in Havana not later than November 25. tel Michigan and J. E. Prince’s elec tric shop also burned down before the fire could be checked. The Leon hotel barely escaped destruction. The estimated loss is $75,000, with but little insurance. Americans.” Relief work will proceed entirely through private channels, President Wilson said today. He an nounced he had rejected the idea of appointing an official commission. It is understood relief work done officially ' would not be regarded as a neutral act. Individuals, however, are perfect ly free to send aid.'