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Staunton vindicator. (Staunton, Augusta County, Va.) 1858-1858, January 02, 1858, Image 2

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F. J. ALFRED, Editor.
8AT IT»DAV, JANUARY, 2, 1857.
TO ADVERTISERS.— The Vindicator has a
l irge and increasing circulation in this and the ad.
joining counties, and is a 7alunble medium for ad
vertisers. Circulating among business men, it af
fords greatinUucoments to those who will use its
The “Vindicator” Office has been removed j
to the Brick Building, on Main Street, long
occupied as the Spectator Printing Office,
where we invite our friends and patrons to
call, and where we will take plea sure in
serving them.
Notice to Distant Subscribers & Others.
Those persons who see a marked on
their paper, are informed that they owe us j
$3, and that by remitting $5, the paper
will be continued auothcr year. The money
may be sent at our risk on registering tbe
letter. If, at the expiration of one month
from this date, this notice is not responded
to, these papers will be discontinued, and
the claims put out for collection.
Internal Itsprovenieut of Virginia.
It is verv evident that our friends of the
.Spectator had just escaped from a violent;
rencontre with the Tax-gatherer when they
penned the following article which appears
in their issue of the 23d ult. Poor fel
lows—we can well imagine their sad plight,
when, with empty pockets, such as belong j
to the fraternity of editors, now-a-dajs, j
they escaped from the strong grip of friend j
Peck , minus their coat tails—and slam
ming the door of their sanctum in his face,
indited, with indignant pen, this anathema
against internal improvements in general. !
and taxes in particular.
Internal Improvement?,—-i'rom the
number of resolutions of inquiry offered in j
the Legislature on the subject of appropria- j
tions to internal improvements; one would j
infer that the State treasury was full of J
money, and that the people were not bur
dened by taxes. In addition to the appro
priations for the great works now in pro
gross, money is asked for any number of,
turnpikes “from New Martinsville to Los
ten Station” and from “Abraham Enoch’s
to Elijah Wliitlatch’s,” and other equally
important improvements. The Governor re
commends an appropriation of $2,500,000,
to be apportioned as follows: Covington
and Ohio Railroad, $1,500,000; Railroad
between Charlottesville and Lynchburg,
$250,000; Norfolk and Petersburg Rail
road, $200,000; York River Railroad,
$200,000; clearing of James and Appo
mattox rivers, $150,000: other works,
$200,000. Wc are gratified to believe
that these numerous schemes will defeat
each other, and that no appropriations wiil
be made to any of them.
We are sure that nothing but the excite
ment of a recent escape from imminent peril
could have driven our patriotic and public
spirited neighbors—the organ of the ,, ma
jority in this great county—into so uabe- j
coming a position, so hostile to the true 1
interests of our people. Arc they aware
that they and the people they represent,
live upon the very line of that noble, na
tional work, to the carrying on of which j
Gov. Wise proposes to devote $1,500,000
of the $2,500,000 which he recommends
She Legislature to expend for improvement
in the next two years ? Are they aware ,
that it already reaches from the waters of
.the Chesapeake Ray to within a stone’s!
throw of Covington—that between Coving- j
ton and the Ohio River is only 220 miles— j
proposed to be constructed by the State of i
Virginia—and that when that gap is filled, ;
one end of the Rail Road will rest on the
shores of the Atlantic while the other will
communicate not only with the whole net
work of Western and Lake Rail Roads, but
with 5000 miles of Steam boat navigation
through the most fertile valleys of the
earth—rich, boyoud measure, in a count
less variety of productions, and teeming
with a population already great, but in
creasing annually by thousands ? Are they
aware that this is the shortest possible route
between the waters of the Atlantic and the
Mississippi valley—commended, too, by
climate, grades and curves, above all oth
ers ? Do they know that the annual re
ceipts of the Baltimore and Ohio Kail Road,
the inferior of this route, in every respect,
arc uow from four to seven millions of dol
lars per annum—while the receipts of our
road but little exceed half a million—and
that this difference of receipts is solely ow
iug to the fact, that the former road has
reached the Ohio, while ours has not—that
if our lino was completed the balance of re
ceipts would inevitably be largely in its fa
vor and against its rival ? Do they remem
ber that this line passes through the centre
of the mineral water region of Virginia—
the finest and most various in the world,
and through the heart of the coal, the salt,
the timbers of the Kanawha valley; enough,
of themselves, to give ample business to
half a dozen Kail and to fill our
State with wealth ? Do they know that the
Covington and Ohio Rail Road is hardly so
important to the State, aud to the world, as
a continuation of the Va. Con. Rail Road to
\he Ohio, as it is when considered as a
.feeder to that important and languishing
yrork, the James River and Kanawha Ca
nal, and a sure pioneer of the water-line to
the Ohio ; by which, if completed, freight
<;an be taken from any point of the Missis
sippi valley through the heart of Virginia
to New York, cheaper than by any other
route ? Finally, and above all, have they
forgotten, or have they never read that mas
terly letter of Grov. Wise, in which he de
monstrates that, without raising the rate of
taxation one cent beyond its present mark,
Virginia can borrow in ten years, in instal
ments of $2,500,000, the sum of $25,
000,000 for her improvements, pay the in
terest annually, and raise a sinking fund
sufficient to pay it off as it falls due ?
Our representatives in the Legislature
would cut a handsome figure in following
ike lead of their organ, aud deprecating all
appropriations for improvement purposes. ;
We feel called upon to save them from so
fatal a misrepresentation cf their constitu
ents, by apprising them, in time, that the
above quoted editorial docs not contain the
deliberate sentiment of our intelligent
neighbors, but was wrung from them by
duress and stress of weather, and is wholly .
attributable to Capt. Peek’s severe and un- ’
timely dun. Wc hope the Captain will,:
hereafter, time his calls better, or, if he
he docs not, that our friends will rather put
him off by the reputable expedient of decla
ring themselves in a state of suspension,
which all gentlemen, and much more, edi
tors, have an unquestionable right, in these
times, to do, rather than peril again the
best interests of the country :—Otherwise,
we must be put to the disagreeable necessi
ty of calling upon the public to leave them
pursue alone their mad career, and come
forward to the support of a more public
spirited and patriotic paper—such as our
beloved ‘-Vindicator.”
Wonderful Progress of Christianity.
The ‘Bible Society Record’ says :—‘The
whole amount contributed to Foreign Mis
sions by the whole Christian Church in En
gland aud America, and on the Continent,
did not, at the beginning of this century,
exceed §20,000. Now, the contributions
of the British Churches alone, amount to
§5,000,000 annually, and the development
of benevolent feeling, the march of benevo
lent action, has been proportionably rapid
in America.
There arc abroad, under the care of dif
ferent associations, 2000 Missionaries,750Q
Assistant Missionaries, 4000 Mission
Churches with 250,00Q members, 3000
Schools with boU.OOO pupils. The Bible
has been translated into nearly 200 differ
ent languages and dialects, in which more
than 40,000,000 copies of the Scriptures
have been scattered abroad, and may be
read by 000,000,000 of the human race.—
At the commencement, of the century the
Missionary could gain no access to the hea
then. Now, there is not a tribe or nation
on earth to whom he may not have access,
and not only is the way open for his recep
tion and safe, quiet residence, but the hea
then mind is remarkably open to the recep
tion of his message.
Wliat a mighty change is this, to have
been wrought in 50 years, and so quietly,
that we were not aware of his progress, lie
who rules among the nations has done it all.
Newspaper Blankets.
One of the printers connected with the
Charlottesville Advocate office has tried this
new covering and says, “they work like a
charm.” Any one can try it by pasting
from four to sis newspapers together and
putting the cover thus made between a
sheet and a counterpane. We trust that all
our patrons will he warmed by the cheap
experiment into the most generous sympa
thies for the poor printer who sends them
the paper and tells them how to use it.
JKS" The Spectator is rather lame in its
effort to show that it did not rejoice in the
supposed defection of Judge Douglas to the
Black llepublicans. Its notes were very
exultant. The sweet vision of the down
fallen Democracy danced before its pen
while it recorded the prophecy that Douglas
must triumph. Make a clean breast of it,
neighbor, and say would it not gladden
your heart to see Democracy go down even
if the Dc'jil should rise upon its ruins?
APOLOGY.—The delays in our regular
business, occasioned by removing our office,
has prevented us from giving the proper at
tention to this paper, and an accident hap
pening to our press when putting it up, has
forced us to call for a little help from the
outside form—added to this, wo are minus
a hand, and wonder that we have done so
That Turkey.
We tender our thanks to an unknown
friend, for a present of a fine, fat Turkey,
designed fora Christmas dinner, but which
came to hand a “leetlc” too late for the oc
casion. It is still spared, however, for a
notlier season, and we assure the donor that
on Now Year’s day he will be kindly re
membered for the “good deed” he has done.
May he live a thousand years and his shad
ow never grow Lss, and make us a similar
present on each retuibing Christmas day.
J&W Speech of Mr. JjK'i’cjikk next week.
The HeafhCiV
I On Christmas day the earth w.as whiten
j ed by a fall of snow the night before, the
! lirst of the season, since which time if; .has
: rained almost incessantly. There is now
too much mud.
End of the Walker Expedition,
Gen. Walker has been rescued from his
third fillibustering expedition. On the 8th
instant Commodore Paulding landed a small
force on Punta Arenas, where Walker and
his troops were stationed. The little filli
I buster was ordered to surrender, and he
obeyed the order promptly, excusing him
self by saying that be preferred being taken
by Americans and not by Pritish. The
main body of his troops were put on board
the Saratoga, and arc on their way to Nor
! folk.
Excitement Concerning Walker.
Washington, Dec. 29.—The public mind
! is at a high pitch of excitement in regard
j to the result of the capture of Walker and
his men at Nicaragua. The general im
pression is that Paulding exceeded his in
structions, aud his conduct will be question
ed by court martial. Walker is expected
here to-night.
j Wo learn that the War Department yes
1 terday received information by telegraph
1 from Lieutenant General Scott, announcing
| the arrival of despatches from the Utah
I expedition. The news is very favorable,
j On the 7th November Colonels Johnson
' and Smith and the trains had overtaken
I Col. Alexander, and all were marching
j upon Fort Pridgcr, which was only sixteen
j miies distant. The troops were in fine spirits
I and there was just enough snow upon the
j plains to protect the grass from fire. Fort
i Pridgcr, wc believe, is located ll'J miles
; from Great Salt Lake City.- - Union 27^.
Cliiisluias iu Staunton.
This happiest Jay of all the year passed off in !
our town most pleasantly and jollily, every
person seeming perfectly well pleased with
himself, all the world, and the ‘rest of man
kind.’ Our friends of the Virginia, Na- j
tional, and American, contributed their ut-'
most to the gaiety of the day—and at any
one of these popular Hotels one might find
at any time a feast of oysters and a flow of j
egg-nog. The only thing which marred 1
the general joy was the bad effect, winch
something, we dont pretend to know what,
seemed to have on the spirits of our people ’
the next morning. No one can form an
idea of the depth of our grief, on walking ,
the streets on the morning after Christinas, 1
and seeing gentlemen so wildly joyous on !
the day and night previous, now sitting .
sullenly on the corners, looking so perfect
ly and so painfully sober, or walking a
round the town sunk in the deepest despon
dency, only acknowledging our very polite ;
bow by a look which might have communi- j
eated the death of all their friends, rela
tions and neighbors. Could any one who !
had seen our so joyous acquaintances the :
night before, in stern array around a bowl 1
of egg-nog, each one having a knowing and
a pleasant twinkle in his eye and a glass of,
this beverage iu his hand—could any one, i
we say, a witness of tiavc ima- ,
gined that— j
“Oil night ec sweet such awful MOl'n could rise,” j
We have heard many an eloquent speech on
the subject q£ temperance,*—We have listen
ed. to many an .meeting story about deso
late homes—starving children and broken
[ hearted wives, all arising from intomper
' ancc, which aroused our sympathies—but
| the walking temperance lecture, fine spe
1 cimens of which could have been seen any
where on our streets on the day after last
Christmas, go right to our heart and con
viction—as an evidence of which, we here
declare our determination, taken on that
day, ever after to detest egg-nog. In con
clusion, wo make our bow, with the hope
that all may enjoy a “happy New Year”—
that every man may make a good trade
witli his neighbor—that every gill may
have more beaux than her friends during
the term of her maidenhood and eventually
fall comfortably and gracefully into the
arms of ITymeu—that every father may sec
his daughter married—that every mother
may sec her daughter married—thal every
brother may see his sister married—and
(hat we may have large accessions of ad
! vance payers to our list of subscribers, and
I that those indebted will Pay the Printer.
Cirri Hinas Ball.
! The Hall given by the members of the
i Augusta Fire Association at the “Ameri
can” on the 29th, was a splendid affair —
We have never seen young people engage
; more heartily in the mazy dance and enjoy
themselves so well. All was animation and
! dull care for a time seemed to be forgotten,
' while (he gay assemblage on “light fantas
tic toe” tripped the hours away. In most
! gallant style did the young gentlemen per-,
j form their parts—Omnibuses and hacks
were put in requisition to convey the young
ladies to the spacious apartments fitted up
I for their reception at the ‘American,’ and
! handsomely did Skaykes do the honors of
the house in preparing a Supper which
proved his ability to cater to the taste of his
| guests. Of the sweetmeats, (or rather the
, “second course/’ which was presented an
I hour or so after the regular Supper, we
I shall not speak, having retired at about the
hour of midnight, but we know it was
■ surpassingly beautiful and exceedingly lus
| cions. Everything passed off pleasantly,
nothing occurring to mar the pleasure of
| the scene, save when some coy damsel look
| cd doubtingly whether she might not be cn
! gaged by a handsomer partner for the next
! cotillion—good humor prevailed, and the
1 morning light found the company loth to
■ part so agreeable had been the meeting.
Slater from Kansas—the con
j St. Louis, Dec. 28.—Kansas advices to
S the 22d have been received. The constitu
| tion with the slavery provision has been
j carried by a large majority. The returns
I were meagre. It was reported at Lawrence
i that letters had been received by the Re
i publicans that a body of men had gone to
| Lecompton to seize the Territorial arms;
| also, that General Lane had gone to Fort
J Scott with the intention to destroy that
place and exterminate the pro-slavery set
tlers on the Shawnee reservation, and carry
, the war into Missouri.
j General Denver had assumed the Gover
: norship, and issued an address exhorting
j the people to appeal to the ballot-box. for
j the settlement of their difficulties.
‘ It is stutod, also, tlint President Calhoun,
. of the Constitutional Convention, has in
i viu^d himself and the officers of the Legis
i lature to be present at the counting of the
; returns. lucre is nothing authentic from
; Fort Scott.
[sb£oxd despatch . ]
St. Louis, Dec. 28.—A bearer of des
patches from the acting Governor of Kan
sas passed through here yesterday for Wash
ington. The poll was not opened at Law
The Lawrence Convention was to meet
on the 23d. to decide whether to yotc for
j State officers. Many favor such a course
; with a view of crushing the State govern
ment. Mr. Stanton is mentioned as a can
! didate for Governor.
.The Hon. S. S Marshall contradicts, by
! letter to the “Union” the rumor that he,
| and probably another Democratic member
of Congress from Illinois, had taken a stand
! against J udge Douglas, and would unite in
I an organization to defeat his re-election to
! the Senate. Mr. Marshall declares the ru
: mor to he entirely without foundation in
fact. On the contrary, Mr. Marshall be
lieves Senator Douglas “will, beyond all
question, he the unanimous choice of the
1 Democracy of Illinois for re-election.” lie
j further laughs at the notion that the Sena
! tor from Illinois had abandoned, or was a
| bout to abandon the National Democratic
j No Sunday Train.—After the 1st prox
imo, the Sunday train on the Orange and
Alexandria Railroad will he discontinued.
The train on the Central Road will also
cease to run ou the Sabbath.
From Wagiilngtaiu
Washington, Doc. ‘23.—The President,
in response to a call of the Senate, to-day
sent a large mass of documents on Kansas
affairs,—among them the following:—
Department of State, )
Washington, Dec. 31, 1837. )
James W. Denver, K.-h.
Secretary and Acting Gov. of Kansas Ter
Sir :—You hate already K en informed
that Mr. Stanton has been removed from
the office of Secretary of the Territory of
Kansas, and that you have been appointed
in his place. 1 desire now to state to you
distinctly the reason of this change. The
Convention which met at Lccompton on the
1st of September had framed a constitution,
and had authorised its President to submit
the question to the people of Kansas on the
21st of December, whether this constitution
should be adopted with or without slavery.
The importance of the issue could not well
be over estimated. It involved the com
plete and authoritative settlement of the
only subject of difference which had serious
ly agitated Kansas or interfered with its
prosperity. The qualified electors, there
fore, to whom this settlement was referred,
not only had unquestionable right to attend
at the polls and give their votes on the day
appointed, but they were required tQ df> so
by the highest considerations of public du
ty. In the exercise gf Mils right, more
over, they were to adequate protec
tion by the Territorial (JavoMuwcnt, and
th° Acting Governor was bound to employ
all legal means at hie command to give W
curity and fairness to the election. With
the conflicting opinions which prevailed in
the Territory on the question submitted, he
had no right to interfere. They had their
appropriate issue at the ballot box, and to
that peaceful arbitrament they might safely
be referred. The great objects to be ac
complished, in the opinion of the President,
were to preserve the peace of the Territory
and secure freedom in the election. En
tertaining these views, he was surprised to
learn that the Secretary and Acting Gov
ernor had, on the first of December, issued
Ids proclamation for a special session of the
Territorial Legislature, on the 7th instant,
only a few weeks iu advance of its regular
time of meeting, and only 14 days before u
decision was to bo tiade on the question
submitted by the Convention. The course
of Mr. Stanton, the President seriously be
lieves, has thrown anew element of discord
among the excited people of Kansas, and it
is directly at war, therefore, with the peace
ful policy of the Administration. For this
reason he has felt it his duty to remove
h rom these views, yon will readily un
derstand what the Prii-idcnt regards as the
chief duty which devolves upon you, as
Mr. Stanton’s suecastpr. This duty is to
preserve peace in Kansas. Every person
entitled to vote on tin! Constitution ought to
have safe access to thi polls, and to he free
from any restraints whatever in the exer
cise of the elective franchise.
If the civil power'is found insufficient
for this purpose, the troops of the United
States should be employed in aid of it, and
it may be a wise precaution to have them
stationed, in advance; within reach of those
places where, in yont judgment, their ser
vices are likely to be repaired. It is ear
nestly hoped that tin use of the military
power may be wholly avoided. Violence
is always less likely to occur when the
means are known t<; be at hand for its
prompt suppression. Should the military
‘?*OrCG tJCCUiiiu aAclj- *ytlO lvCOJ)
the peace, you w.ill find full instructions
with reference to the proper mode of em
ploying it, in my communications to Gov.
Walker, of March 2Sih, July 25th, and
September 2d, 1857, and in those subse
quently written to Mr. Stanton. Of these
last, that of November 80th was taken to
Kansas by you, and you had a copy of it.
All of them will doubtless bo found in the
archives of the Governor at Locompton —
They refer prominently to the preservation
of the peace at certain important elections
—but 1 need hardly inform you that your
duty is not intended to be confined to those
special occasions. It extends, of course,
to the protection of all citizens in the cxer
! cise of their just rights, and applies to one
! legal election as well as to another. The
J Territorial Legislature doubtless convened
j on the 7th instant, and while it remains in
session its members are entitled to be se
cure and free in their deliberations. Its
rightful action must also be. respected.—
Should it authorize an election by the peo
ple for any purpose, this election should be
| held without interruption, no less than
those authorized by the Convention. While
the peace of the Territory is preserved, and
freedom of election is secured, there need
; be no disastrous consequences.
jl ne i'iiuiic juuiiiuia tuiiuiiu reports ui an
intended movement by a portion of the res
idents of Kansas to organize a revolutiona
ry government under the Topeka Constitu
tion. It is hardly probable this report can
be well founded, but should the attempt be
made and lead to practical collision with the
Territorial authorities, the authority of the
government must necessarily be maintained
and from whatever quarter it is attempted
to interfere by violence with the election
authorized by the Constitutional Conven
tion, or which n:ay be authorized by the
Legislature, the attempt must be resis
ted, and the security of the elections main
The peaceful progress of t-iioso elections
can obviously occasion no injury to any ci
tizen, or any party, because their results
can have only their due weight under the
Constitution and laws. It is to be expect
ed, therefore, that no good citizen will en
deavor to interfere with them, but that all
the people will be contented to see the work
of the Convention peacefully carried out to
its legitimate results.
The President relics upon your firmness
and discretion to give effect to these instruc
tions. It is vitally important that the peo
ple of Kansas, and none other than the
| people of Kansas, should have the full dc
tepuination of the question now before them
for decision. It is important, also, that in
securing t° them the protection to which
they arc entitled, great care should be ta
ken not to organize any illegal authority.
On this point. I again refer you to my in
structions to Governor Walker and Secreta
ry Stanton, which you will regard as direc
ted to yourself.
I It is proper to add that no action of the
! Territorial Legislature about to meet can
interfere with the elections of the 21st ot
December and 20th of January, in the
mode and manner prescribed by the Con
stitutional Convention.
I am, sir, respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
These documents contain Secretary Cass’s
letter to Governor Walker, as follows:
Secretary Cass in Reply to IValker’s
Letter of Resignation.
State Depahtmext, Dee. IS, 185".
Silt.—On Wednesday last I received
3*011 r communication of the 15th instant,
tendering your resignation as Governor of
This resignation is accompanied by a
; long argument on the* affairs of the Terri
tory generally to which. you are well aware
il would be mines,-',bie tbr this Department
to reply.—If every* officer of the Govern
i moot who feels himself constrained to re
&?«? obedience to the instructions of the
President shall pursue this unusual course,
and thus place on the files of the appropri
ate dt pertinent a criticism of the policy of
■the Adminisf:arion, no person knows bet
ter than y u’.tl-I: to what consetpu nces this
might ki.b,
1 To must cither cause the charges and
; arguments against, the President to bo filed
| among the public archives of the country
without contradiction or reply, or it must
spend the time which ought to be devoted
to the publio service in controversies with
subordinate officers who may disapprove of
the President’s policy.
While duty, therefore, forbids me to cn
| ter into a controversial discussion with you
i on the various topics embraced by your ar
! gument, it is proper that I should make a
i remark upon a single point. You state
| that the President has changed his policy
i in regard to Kansas. And why this alle
gation ? Simply because the Convention
j of Kansas have, in the exercise of the rights
j belonging to them, decided that they would
! not submit the whole Constitution to the
| people, although they had submitted the
; all-important and dangerous question of
' slavery, which threatened to convulse the
, Union. ®«d r as alone prominent in the
minds of the people throughout every State.
1 He had not treated the submission of this
| momentous question as a mere nullity. Un
■ dor these circumstances it was his impera
: tive duty, and this in strict conformity with
i previous instructions, to take care that a
, fair election be held on this vital question,
; and thus give peace to the Union. Had he
| acted in any other manner, merely because
j he preferred the submission of the Consti
| tution originally to the people, his respon
sibility would have been of the gravest char
; acter. He never intended or expressed
' the opinion that the Convention were bound
j to submit any portion of the Constitution to
! the people, except the question would be
j invalid without such submission Had he
entertained such an opinion, this would
I have been in opposition to the numerous
i precedents which have occurred since the
I adoption of the Federal Constitution by the
different States.
The question of slavery was the all-ab
sorbing question, and you were sent to
Kansas with the full confidence of the Presi
dent to carry out the principles of the Kan
sas-Nebraska act—with the question of
whether Kansas was to he a free or slave
kState, you were not to interfere. You were j
to secure to the people of Kansas a free
and fair election, to decide the question for
themselves. The President was therefore
happy to learn from your dispatches to this i
Department of July 15th last, that in all
your speeches you had refrained from ex
pressing any opinion as to whether it should >
be a slave or free State.
I am instructed to inform you that your
resignation of the office of Governor of Kan
sas has been accepted.
1 avn. sir. your obedient servant.
. i Yi i
iuiwis Cass. ;
lloBKUT J. Walk kb, "Washington.
—.- “ i
Murder if a Ltnryrr aud Arrest of his
'Wife.—A dispatch, dated lioehesteE,. X.
Y.] Dee. :11, says:
Our city was yesterday Tnornong thrown
into a state of great excitement by the dis
covery of the mangled, murdered body of
Charles \Y. Sittles, lawyer, of this city, in !
the Tennessee river, a few rods below the
Falls From the pools of "blued and other '
evidences of struggles, the mnrdeiers" wore
easily traced from the place of the fatal con
flict to the river, where tiny attempted to
conceal the evidences of their crime by sink
ing the body of their victim. The water
being shallow, the body did not float away
from the shore, and was found at about 7
o’clock yesterday (Saturday)’ morning. The
body was immediately taken to the police
office, and arrest made of his wife, her
brother and several others of her relatives.
From the evidence, it appears that Fifties
and his wife did not live hapnily together,
and that a separation took place about a
year ago, but for the last mouth.or two they
bad lived together again.
! On the ground where was discovered
blood and other evidences of a conflict, were
found a piece of a vietorine corresponding
: with one worn by .Mrs. Fifties, a rosette
matching one found in possession, and a
comb, a pair of spectacles, said to belong
• to her brother Ira Stout, si young man
! aged about 2J years, and the arm of a chair
: said to have been taken from the office
! where Fifties was employed. Mrs. Fittlcs'
left wrist and her brother’s left arm were
! found to be broken, showing that they had
i been engaged in some extraordinary cou
; J lie evidence, so tar, seems strongly
against the wife of the murdered man and
. her brother, Ira Stout. The examination
j continued through all yesterday, and was
! adjourned from 1:2 o’clock last night till 0
: o’clock this morning,
i _ ° ..._
| There has been a complete and successful
j revolution in the city of Mexico. The mov
j err in it. determined to abolish existing in
! stitutions,—wipe out every thing, and bo
I gin afresh.
The constitution of the country has been
| overthrown, the Federal Congress and 8a
I preme Court broken up and dispersed, and
j Oommonfort declared absolute dictator with
! power to call an extraordinary Congress.-—
The whole capital was in arms, and other
j municipalities, including Vera Cruz, had
1 given in their prompt adhesion to the new
i order of things.
I The revolution took place on the 17th
' inst. The movement was a sudden, bold
j and daring one.- It was planned by Com
| monfort and then entrusted to Gen. Paez,
1 who carried it triumphantly into execution
without any active resistance on the part
! of the people. Indeed, the latter evinced
i their joy in various ways, and unhesitating
| ly hailed Coinmonfort as their supreme
j ruler.
| Government in Mexico is now therefore
| indeed “a simple machine,” but it will be
| complex again in a month. At pres sent
; everything is pretty quiet,
j The people of Yucatan are still playing
the game of civil war,—fighting and slaying
each other.
I hops Sntus/tcd.—On Christmas Eve, a
party ot “boys and girls” indulged in a
dance at the house of Mr. Yandcrslice, on
Bishop street, Philadelphia, and while in
the height of their merriment, the floor
gave way, and the entire party, tidier, stove
and all, were precipitated into the cellar.
The scrambling that ensued is represented
to us as being of the tallest kind. The girls
got their lumps smashed, but luckily nobody
was seriously injured
Mr. Douglas* Impromptu Sprrcft.
Mr. Douglas was complimented with a !
serenade upon liis arrival at the <ii?-vd
House in Philadclphia. on Thursday night
last. In response to loud calls, ho made his
appearance, and stated the bro d prim inlea '
of the Constitution, upon wldf-h his • Net,
ns regards the Kansas question, had been
based. He enunciated the opinion that the
will of the majority thould rule, and thi»
declaration was received with h ml clieerinc.
A compliment having boon paid to him .
“author of die Nebraska bill,’’ he declared i
that lie was not the author of the great
principle upon which that measure was
founded—that principle was r-o-eval with,
and was pait of the Constitution of the l in
tend States. He deprecated the idea of
hostility to the President, or to Ids Admin
istration, and expressed his belief that Mr.
Duehunan would prove eminently worthy of
the high opinion formed of him by the De
mocracy of Pennsylvania, which had elected
him to the high office be now held.
£W Gen, Walker will be discharged
from custody as Com. Va.uV.lhig had no au
thority to arrest lam out of the C. States.
The Commodore ought now to be arrested
and cashiered for his offieiousness.
--jg»e Tuntt^mMcmzzezsc.n.'u* .a ■gacc.jCT-KaajMCiOa
m\u im:o,
On the 24th ult., by Hev. 1>. Grower,
Mr. Daxtkl Landes to Miss Com miua J.,
daughter of Mr. Henry Tutwiler, ail of this
county. 1
On the 24th December, by Rev. O. V.
Wirgman, Mr. Noam J.ansbottom to Mrs.
Lorn?a Ann Thomas, both of this comity.
On the 24th inst., by the 1’ev. Y. F.
Dolton, Mr. Mekanttuon Mm.i.ei; to 31i.-as
PiusrieLA, daughtt r of Geo. Lutz, Estj.,
all of Eockingliam county.
Died, At his residence, in Staunton, on
Wednesday, the 2nd ult., John Buanuk
nruo, Esq., in the 49th year of his age. It
rarely falls to our lot to ehronielo the de
mise of a more useful citizen or a hotter
man than the subject of this notice. From
his youth up, he trod the path of industry. !
honor and integrity ; and now. that he has i
gone hence, lie leaves no friend oraeqnain
tance who does not drop a tear of smeere
regret to the memory of a warm-hearted,
generous and strictly honest man. Mr.
Brandeburg was horn in Middletown, Ma
ryland, hut at an early age. enrue to Vir
ginia, and engaged actively in business.— :
For many years lie had been a resident of
this town, and although his means, when he ’
commenced business here, were small. Ids
industry and integrity won the confidence
of the whole community, and he soon be
came one of our leading Merchant'. When
the pestilence swept over our sister towns,
Norfolk and Portsmouth, the heart of this
good man was filled with genuine charity, |
and being himself childless-, he adoptcd two
of the little unfortunates. For these little ,
ones, whom lie regarded with all the ton- j
derncss of a father, he has amply provided, j
Mr. 15. leaves a devoted wife to mourn his ;
loss—one, who through Iris linge ring ill- ;
ness, watched over him with a tender care :
and devotion almost unequalled. May the i
widow’s tied protect and comfort h a- in tier '
aiilietion. Mr. IF. was a consistent nmm- \
her of the Presbyterian Church for nearly I
fifteen years, and throughout his long sick- j
ness gave striking evidence of the sincerity j
of his nrofession. Surely the resignation !
he evinced, and the confidence he evidently |
felt tl»at ’.to was pr- pared to meet his Cod. i
must la* a priceless boon to her 1:, this great
affliction. " j
At a meeting of the Hoard of Oiivetors
of the Bank of the Valley, in Virginia, at j
Staunton. <>:> VVcdnesdav. the iVhal of 1 > • i
cenibor, ISoT, the Hoard being inform'd of;
the decease of John 1J::an a&i.t i:u, a high- 1
ly valued member of ties Board ; On mo- ]
tion of Thomas d. Michie, it v.as uiiani '
mou.-lv resolved, that this sad visitation of,
Providence which has deprived ns of an cs- j
teemed and useful associate, our rrmmimi
tv of a public spirited and enierpi iy,jng ci
lia n. and his family and friends of a be
loved ami cle ri.-in d companion, is deeply
deplored, and that we tender to his bereav
ed family our warmest sympathy and con
dolence for their irreparable loss.
RtsulnJ, That in token of our ve mrd
for the dead, this Bank will be closed to
morrow from twelve to two oY!»ek. P. M..
and that tin- members of this 15 iard and
Otllcers of the Bank will attend the funeral
of Mr. iJrandeburg.
Required, That we will wear the usual
badge of mourning for thirty days.
Ri'Kulnd, That the Cashier of this 15 ink
be requested to furnish a copy of these res
olutions to the Widow oi the deceased and
that they be published in the Staunton pa
| At a Special meeting of. the Council of
I the Town of Staunton, December 21th.
18r>7, the following preamble and rosolu
tions were submitted by the Mayor, and
adopted, to wit r
‘‘Whereas John Brandebnrg, Esq., late
] ly a member of this board, an Alderman of
! the Town, and an Overseer of the Poor,
i appointed by this board, departed this life
on the 23d inst.
Resolved, 1st. That he was prompt and
i efficient in the discharge of ids various uffi
i eial duties, a citizen of liberal am! enlarg
ed views, a kind husband, an indulgent
i parent to the orphans whom he had adup
| ted.
I 2d. That we sincerely deplore his death.
| and tender to his disconsolate family our
I sincere sympathy
od. That tins Hoard will attend his fa
| ncral in a body.
4th. That a copy of these resolutions be
i certified, and sent by the' Clerk of the
i Council to the family of the deceased.
<Tl)c Jllcirkcts.
STAUNTON. J.rn. 2,
JitjM/rlrd % St'iphs, Martin
Extra, 5
Family, - - (i
BACON, (new) - -«
LAUD, - - - - ft
BUTTER. Fresh Roll, 0
POTATOES, per bushel, 0
PEACHES, per bush, 1
APPLES, do do - ft
) Ashton, - - M
SALT, - Marshall, - 2
) Ground Alum, - 2
i>r vS’| lm> 1 Lump, pr ton. 12
JiAMijU, ( Ground, ” 11
a 0
a ft,
a 0
a 0.
a 0.
a 0
a 2.
a 0.
a 2
a 2
a 0
a o
( 0
17* 011 Ik IRK- A No. I. N'KtiltO (OKI, h>
V tlit' eiuaiiiia vi ;ir. (•.ii(|uire ft the l.tliioi ut
tl:i - i'.le !, ft K. 1). Util, I'.s'l. .I.ili It
Iu O. ipt* of the Vie t> r for the week
ev' en ,/ -j) \i, ! ■ S.
(< orrre TowL -limn. »> ! :
* 0,1
M A. K ■ , - 00
i-rriil Craw!*. -\ (()
]!auiri >.'ricki'iiOcrifi'i . -I *-0
Martin Koine r, -
Jacob Car well, - 00
Iii'llor i' ■/'* ()• iitrrx-nf nail i'i/l*.— II hnf nrt> */,,
f'n tfciiiii’i ■< f—They are approved by tin* ino.-t <1*
’ i'“(i governments, sanctioned by the hip la-t
medical authoritv. j et iv) victim of scrofula, suO
ihoum. or anv ulcerous; or eruptive malady, fancy
n cure impossible. It is never too lute to use Hol
loway's Ointment for external complaints. 01 his
I‘ills for internal disorders. The public are here
by informed of a sure test, whereby to ascertain
the {relatin' ss, or tile contrary of these iretlieint
1 his consist? of a II’uttr-umi-lr, the words. “ Ilut
Ichiiii. Aw >’o/7,' and Loutlon,” in semi-transpar
ent letteis in every leafofthe book of direction?,
around en. it box and |i«>t. Without the Water*
mark, none are genuine.
IHA YI-t this day associated tnvstlf with mv
llrotli r Max. in the DKY HOODS and CLOTH
ING DC SI NFS'S, which will be carried on under
the tit in of
S. W. Ill LB & BIB).
8. VV. llli.U
January ‘1, 1858.
fTHtfF, undersigned thankful for the very liberal
.1 patronage extended to them by tin* good peo
ple of Augusta countv. would respect fully cull iln?_
attention of the public, to th dr superior Stork of
1)1.5 tiUOifS and CLOTHING in all its dim-rent:
bi unches, which we will sell, not tit or In-tom (Jest
Ilf 5’1\’G large f;i»nnti)ie? for cash at tin* prime
Importing- Houses, wftr enaMe- m to s -II at such
prices. that our patrons will thiftfc m* are selling
Goods for (lloiy indr. 1’ersons wishing to pur
t base v. ill liml it to their advantage to e.vnoiu-* our
stock before having oLewher e:
.s. w. inj/h* a p.uo..
Jan. J, Ir-T/S.—Spec, n py.
IIIA 5 K permanently Icralrd in It 1C 11 M OX L),
on the Corner of Franklin and I’nion Streets,
(in s i e 111 of the C. I!, it. Depot,) where I will do
an exclusive Commission llnsiness. I earnestly so
iiidr e iDsignments of Tobacco. Hour. Idipior?,.
Wheat, Coin. Ibicon. hard. Hutter. and Coontrv
I’poduee gem-raily. to the salt ol which I will give*
my personal and constant attention, and will make
prompt return for tie* sa me. I will also. pi|:chuo*
and lb ward Merchandise of any disc: iption win C
i,i vored with orders
.1 -.rs-r.v o>rsr i.
Wm. r.tUt>r-{>n,
Win. II.wvl.
Uuj. .Innics V/nlkur,
AS* ■>(■/,' 'ftnil. 1 ffl
Hoi. .1. 15. BifMwm.
(’aiif. 15. I), llill,
X. K. Trout,
V. \ I,. Watliloll.
j .103. I). fViiijr,
'.iiii'l. Kenucrlr,
Siim’l. Yount,
ilioirv Ivoinor,
I W. ('liapm.in, Wovu'bo"
| i. H. Smith. *h»
.i. M. Met 'no. M t.Sofnn,
A. W. ISnnvu. Hi-itlir’iviU.
Khhnond, •)an. 2, l!58 .— 1
npilT/ST SA LIv.— In pursuance of a ill'll oxe
.t l uted by .Saniiil Iteoe ■ ami wife, on the Mil dav
».' Au;.u.-t, isf>3. I will soli to th*; highest bidder,
on 11: premiso.s, a Hot of I,and, ynivtaid»e 3 Acres
ami 3 hoods lyini'on ilm I’or t lUpubhe Itoail.
about ."> miles from Staunton, ami now in th*- ae;'ii
paney of .John \V. Honvp. It ha-* on if a comforta
ble 1 >Vf KJH.iN(Ir a hnj;© S* 1:'rj>, and other out
house.-. and is a capital stand foi a M-cliuuic.
Dav ot saliitty '/)*• 2',)tA of .fun oi,y itr.ct, at
11 o'clock, A. M.
TKU J'S.—Costs of sale at.d $300 in hand : hul
ij-mv iV. two eipi.'d at o c aw*l iwo- •.
the jiu, chaser ”ivi- ” bond and jfiiod security.
Tin til! ■ is believ'd t > he jjooil, lull a> trustee, l
shall convey such milt i is vested in me.
NICUO. K. TKUL'T, Trustee.
Jan. 2, lSisuf .
JLJ iS l! A il K r.T.- J*n»\ V. A. \Vm v: has c*n*
weyed and ti •in.-fwi -d io'ss. intrust, alt his Stock
ot (foods, a !I chain.s due him and tin- late lirms of
White A Co., Wldte A: .lanes ami white A 1 Til ton ;
also, a'.! bis other property.
T.hc roods arc mostly new ami in style consis
tit»*r of a very laroe assortment ol Me * hunt!is*
and we will sell them by rerail, lor cash, oil the
itui't i ■ as'mu hie terms, l’ersons in seat eh of cheap
tun l .lilts will sufelv tint! them at. tiieold stand ot .1.
I-’, j White.
Debtors to the concerns mentioned are earnc.-tlv
reipi st I to pa;, up without delay, as our duly is
to e.iise lie tru.-t promptly, ami without lepect to
tie. sons. The Claims mav be iouml at the ollice of
X. !•:. T: out.
T!o Store House, (bt i’i;; the b"st ■dand in town. V
:InS. oi ■■ House oreupi d bv Ihn.ry Hughes. amt.
T.'tit I y aci es of 1 .and.-in ar .Icim ;i. Met Tie's icsi
tlence. a: in niaikct on terms to suit put chasers.
tty, s S iKicK i.K.; will continue a- Sales man in:
t'Ae sE*m/,. .1.1). IMliUDHN, > ...
X. K. Tiivrx. ; 1,u^cos>
Jan 2. lsfiS .- 4t.
T'JRr.lIVi A.— At Mules h*M in tin- Clerk's
• U.iiee of the Circuit Court of Auyiista County..
,!an uary t lie P li ! s,'>s.
Susan Mill son, widow ol Henry Kidsoa, *lec’d.r.
i’l lintitf,
Henrv Kittson, Jr., and James 0. 17'ohhs, f'.reru
lor el lleniy Kidsou. dee'd., nnd the said Henry
i iilson Jr., in her owii'rieht. Meter Midron. Thom
as .Mills, and Jane hi-:-\\ To. and ofilers, lieirj of tho
aid II airy Kidsnn, dic'd., ik (e>ol«nts.
Tim bj'i't of ‘ hi< suit is to have th ■ widow-dow
er, am! lie ii-t ihuiive share of the estate a. signed,
to her.
It anpcariiif; by satisfactory oTsilencc thattln
Defend.Hits (ioorjto Wilson and John S' ilsouait>
not inhabitants ol tnis Coniuionuealth.: It is older—
on that the said Defendants do appear here within
one month utter due publication *<f this oi tier anil;
da what is imeissuiy to protect their interest..
A fnpv, Teste.
January 2. IS5 S —It.
rrMICSF indebted to the late firm of J*'lm Brtn
JL debut'ir A Co., me hereby notified that I have
placed the Hooks. A-c.ueiints, Notes and Mom Is due
said lie,a, in the hands ot' Messrs. Harman A lit II.
1 do vn t desire to subject any cm to costs, but it is
absolutely necessary, that the business .-hall he
wound up speedily, and mv. Attorneys are iusti ue
Ic(t to proceed to com oe the pat mi nt of such liebts
as are not promptly adjusted.
I hope those knowing themselves to be indi htedj.
will call at once upon Messr-. II. A I!.
Surviving Partner ot Jno. Ur tip.lebu: ir, Ks.j.
January 2, ltm.-t.—bp e. copy.
ron ms sain.
anvo SKI: V A NT WOMEN, botlt ^<mx| Wa-Ji i -
I and ItOIH'lS, Hlill OHO of ttilllll 4, Mi st, 1 |Ue lloUSC
servant and Seamstress. Appfv ti>
Jan. 2, 1858.
T AM tkitv receiving a large stuck of LCMI*
1 l’LASTKH, which will Ik- sold ut tit* market
prices, tor cusli only. Ai«>, a .-«!•,«f_v of that linct
Alexandria (JRUCNL) i’LASTKlt. Call at the
Kroia lit I)i>p»»t. W. A. 15L UK K,
Staunton, Jan. 2, 1857.
rpiiK undorsigrcd hors leave to announce to the.
I public, that lie has opened on \ irginiu Hotel
Street, next door to It. Cowan's Book Stole, and
J is now prepared to exhibit tor sale, a stock of
; •) LW Mill A & M ATCIILS. which for beautv ami
| style, cannot he surpass, d. An ucipiaiutnncc of
: minty rears in this branch of hndness, and a prac
tical \\ A i'C 11 .M A l\ Kit himself, enables him ti
■ piomise a full satisfaction to all those who may
' honor him with their custom.
All Jewelry bought at this Kstablishment, n il! 1*£>.
warranted, and Watches repaired in workmanlike*
manner. A. LAN<5.
One door below K. Cowan’s Book Store.
Stumtou. Oct. 17, 1857.—Spec. copy.
BOO T <(• SHOE M. 1 Xl'F. I (’Tl7.’Elf.
RKSPLCTFC LLA informs the people of Staun
ton and vicinety. that lie has just opened;
an establishment, nest door toaU. 10.
I Price's Hardware Store, on Main,
iecT^j; Street, where he will manufacture.
IjL ~~ to order, of the best material, all
kinds of work for Ladies ami Uen
tlemcr’s ’.rear, and v?W warrant all Boots and
Shoes made at his establishment to be of good ma
terial. good work and good tinl-U. All lie asks i?.%
fair tiial.
Staunton, Nov. 21, 1857. K. S.
i\>ff romini^inn JSoibP.
riA 11 K undersigned have this day associated tlieni
1 selves under the style ol Bowcork A Brown,
for the purpose of conducting a general Commis
sion business, and respectfully solicit consign
ments of pvoduce Ac. By stlict poisona’ atten
tion to business. they hope to, merit a-share of the
puhlie patronage.
Liberal advances mad • on Con-iy i'e -rits.
of Albemarle. of Albemarle.
N. 15. —Ollice on Ca.ov and Twiltli Streets.
1. U illliollll. \ a.
j < , 12. 5 - .7 1,}.

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