■pwe' 1 ' r w\ ,
|jj - railway Report, '*
jpjiß ,mpany Bill H. R. 3562,i
818 „ Committee on I ini I ways and
pßals, to whom was referred the Bill
(H. R. 3562) to aid the Great South
ern Railway Company (consolidated)
to construct a line of railway in the
sj' * - -pf Georgia and Florida, having
H ered the same, report:
I I the Great Southern Railway
I Idated) is a corporation duly
[ fed under the laws of the States
I f-gia and Florida. The propos
/* jpf their railway begins at Mil
jlhe Georgia Central Railroad,
S,the Macon & Brunswick Rail-
I a|id the Atlantic & Gulf Rail-
I ,at Jesup, and runs almost due
I h the entire length of the Fenin
mJß of Florida to Key West, the
wL Jfernmost point in' the United
_ It is designed, by connecting
V line entire railroad system of the
9 £e States, to form the shortest
9 direct line of communication
9 Mho f\ est Indies, Central and
9 ■represented that the construet
-9 i 9 this line of railway will be of
ff commercial, postal and military
?, and that it will relieve many
e causes of the existing depres-
I in in the ousiness and industries of
I 2 country. It is undoubtedly true
I at we have reached a point at which
I unnatural andmanufacturedproducts
ave far exceeded the demands of
llome consumption, that the necessity
>f seeking foreign markets and enter
flg iiwo competition with,the . world
V upon us; until we can find
J ; Cutlets for our surplUs product
r , our industries must remain par
< zed and our people unemployed.—
whatever, therefore, promises speedy
ielp, partial relief, demands our se
rious consideration. With this view
re have deemed it onr duty to exam
ne carefully into the representation
lade by the promoters of this rail
|ay, especially as to our commercial
Bations. with the countries with
ftich it is designed to bring us into
■Our people now point with nation-
I pride to the fact that in our com
■erce witlf Europe we have overcome
lt> balance of trade which has been
Pj long against us, and now export
Pj >re than we import. The examin
■Hl which we have made of our com
■'e with the West Indies, Central
■ffouth America, reveals tacts both
' 1 fg and humiliating, which de
careful attention. We find
luring tlie’five years ending June
'■tf iTiT* " lvir * was as follu w:
t India Islands—
- imports fr0m...589,734,585
,'xiUts w w,m.m
9f \W 1 America and Eastern
Wf;+: -,y C ~H!e imports from.. .$(ifU50,094
% commerce averaging $218.-
I //'■' a year which is nearly hall of
f S/J and I tr commerce with the world,
*\S shows an average balance of
a year against us.
other liand we find that the
■pTe of England with these same
9| during the period of five
■ jug Dec. *ll, Is*4, was *
imports from.. 121,596,058
■►rage exports to 117,237,350
■amerce averaging s24s, 813,-
■mr, which is greater than ours,
■her imports were only $4,000,-
■ove than her exports. We find
■lrny.il imports annually about
P)0,000 and of that amount we
fc, £5 her about $7,000,000. The
■ entinA Confederation imports
■w $50,1/00,000 a year of which less
■ a $2,000,000 is furnished by us.—
■iba, distantonly ninety miles from
our coast, purchases of us only $14,-
000,000 of her annual importation of
jiVvly $100,000,000. Witbout extend
■ A these comparisons further, it is
• Vient to say that the same humili
■ and disastrous condition of
■ will be found to exist with all
■est India Islands and South
States. Naturally we
Ip xpec:t to control the trade of
Mi„g and worthy of inquiry into
■uses why England alone should
annually to the countries situ
very doors nearly $60.-
in value more than we do, or
■ twice as much. We are more
■plied at this fact, and it makes it
■ worth}’ of our serious attention,
■ w e consider the character of
■ tic u# t£ c \id by the countries
9 C V Ar ountnes are manu
9'S|- fi ch,? s ’ and their agricul ‘
't? r^*r^nrßld^ 9 ’ more particularly in
the \V est India Islands, are principally
confined to the production ofthe
more staple articles for exports r con
sequently food, clothing, and most of
the necessities and luxuries of life they
import. Naturally, therefore, we find
that our leading articles of exports
to them have been flour and bacon,
and that other principal exports have
been butter, cheese, lard, petroleum,
coal, drugs, lumber, and cotton fab
rics. Our. imports from these coun
tries are principally coffee, sugar and
Many causes of course contribute
to bring about the condition of trade
we have recited, and many elements
must unite to change it. It is not our
province here to discuss those, but to
confine onr enquiry to whether this
proposed line of railway is likely to
produce any beneficial results.
M e have seen that the principal ar
ticles of our exports to those countries
are the products of the West. It is
also a well known fact that the West
is the great consumer of the articles
of our imports from those countries.
The problem is to increase the amount
of our exports so as to pay for our
imports. Shortening the distance
and increasing the facilities of com
munication between the point of pro
duction and the point of consumption
must, of course, tend to increase com
merce. The large commerce with
the countries we are considering is
now carried on through the port of
New \ork. The products of the
West are carried to New York by
rail and thence by ocean transporta
tion ftp the countries for which they
arc Sestinecl. From New York to
Cuba involves an ocean voyage of
about 1.200 miles. W e find that from
the Northwest aud from -the great
producing centres of the Mississippi
and Ohio valleys the distance by rail
to Key West is a little more than to
New York, and that Key West is j
only ninety miles from Cuba. It j
would appear that the saving of 1,150 I
miles of ocean transportation would
tend to largely increase the export of
the articles we are now furnishing,
and also open a market for many oth
er articles of Western manufacture,
such as agricultural machinery, furni
ture, etc.. and for cotton fabrics—the
manufacture of which is so rapidly in
creasing in Georgia.
If by opening close connection and
direct communication with the West
Indies we may by it develope a great
ly enlarged market for our products,
to wrest from Europe the control ot
the commerce of those Islands, vcduco
tJIO bulflllOG of tme now o V"
against us, and revive the depressed
business interest of our country, the
proposed line of railway is worthy of
OtheV considerations are urged in
favor of this railway, among which
we may mention tiie development
of the great resources of Florida.—
Large tracts of country in Florida,
which are now inaccessible, are adapt
ed to the cultivation of cotton, sugar,
tobacco, and products which cannot
be raised elsewhere in the United
States. It is stated that it is the only
country, except a few islauds on the
coast of South Carolina in which it
is possible to raise sea-island cot
ton. The rapid destruction of the
forests of the Northwest, and the fact
that lumber is a large article of ex
port to the West Indies and South
America, also make it worthy ot at
tention this railway would make avail
able millions of acres of the best yel
low pine and live oak timber.
As tar as the direct interest of the
government are concerned in the
consideration of the road, it would be
in increased mail facilities, and it is
also important for military purposes.
In consideration of the enormously
expensive forts on Tortugasand Key
West, we have realized the impor
tance of holding control of the en
trance of the Gulf ol Mexico, and
thereby being able in event ot war ot
guarding the mouth ot the Mississippi.
The ninety miles between Key Y\ est
and Cuba could be easily held by our
navy as a convenient base for supplies
and coal. If the occasion should
arise, this line of railway, would,
therefore, necessarily prove an impor
tant element in our means of defence.
The bill provides that the Company
may issue bonds to the amouut ot $15,-
000 per mile of their road, and they
ask the government to endorse the
payment of the interest of these bonds.
They state that they ask this endorse
ment by the government for the rea
son that without it that it is utterly
impossible to procure the capital fo
construct any railway, and they claim
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
that the interests of the goveiMifotit
are so directly concerned in ■ving
ihc road constructed, that t'.Bgrcss
would be justified by all the ccwtfner
cial and producing interests the
country in granting the necessaw' aid.
A novel feature of the hill is I pro
vision that the Company shall depos
it sllO in the Treasury ofthe Upited
States for each SI,OOO of bonds issued,
instead of providing an annual pay
ment to a sinking fund. They claim
that as this amount at compound in
terest would pay the bonds at matur
ity, the liability of the Government
would be limited to the payment of
the annual interest on the bonds;and
as security for this the Company pro
pose to give thfe government a first
mortgage upon all their property, aud
have in its hands all sums of mnney
that may famine them for mail or
ith this statement of facts we
submit the bill for the consideration
of the House.
E. WOOD, %
Ross Biiitdiii!*', No. 2 Bay Street, over
Harktns Bro.’s, Rooms 5 A O.
Conntry Orders attended to. ded-tf
Deeds, Conveyances, Articles of Agree
ment, Je e., properly drawn up and promptly
attended to. Affidavits and acknowledg
ments taken at all times.
Real Estate bought and sold on reason
able terms ; also titles searched.
Land cleared and orange groves set out
with choicest trees, at lowest rates.
Herald OlHce, DeLaud, Volusia Cos.,
NELSON R. SCOVEL.
,!. S,Dl:iGf;s. GEO. A. PECK.
J. S. DRIGGS & GO.,
Glass and Plated Mare,
HOUSE EURHISHIMG GOODS,
Wood and Willow Ware
Fruit Jars. Jelly Tumblers. Water Filters,
Water Coolers. A c.
13 West Bay St.,
No. IO Bay St.,
,J lOKSOXVJLLE, Fla.
We are soiling C .Sugar at 9c per lb.
A Sugar at 10c *'
Granulated Sugar, lie.
Choice Rio Coffee, parched every day at
our store by our Improved Roaster, at
25c per ib.
TEAS—Any kind you want from 50c to the
very choicest at On per ib.
Best Baltimore Pearl Hominy
At $4.65 per barrell of 200 pounds, or 2-1 c
per pound at retail.
We Make a Specialty of Flour.
Harkislieimer’s, No. 1, '"hi per lb., 10,00 bbl
“ No. 2; 5(7 " 9,00 “
“ No. S, 4c “ 7,75 “
3-lb. can Tomatoes, (standard) 15c pr cn
Sugar Corn, 20c per can. .
Green Apples, 3-lb cans, 20c per can.
And all other canued goods equally cheap.
Send to us for our weekly price current
It will pay yon to buy direct from us. 'We
have made arrangements with the diff’er
. ent boats to carry freights at reduced rates.
Address, HARKISHEIMER & CO.
1 jan 10 Box 667, Jacksonville,Fla.
Attorney & Comwellor at Law.
TO u^&it dre9B - Mason. Orange
Orange Cos. Nurseries.
100,000 £T EET SEEDLING
selected fruit. ORAN °E TRF.ES from
Trees from to 1 inch in Perl 0( - PCr 1000
_ in diameter, 40 00 ‘tsn no
Trees from 1) to 1, inches 35000
ru diameter 50 00 450 00
. pri' vered on any of the steamers within
two hours trom the time they are taken
tip, anu packed in good order. All trees
warranted to liayeexrra tine roots and vig-
I nit I no * forced by manure. Good
Fir.ii pine land, free from palmetto, any
where south ot Lake George, will be taken
in part payment.
. JOHN A. MACDONALD.
PENNIMAN & CO..
Manufacturers and Dealers in
Scrool ami Turned Work,
Hough and Dressed Lumber
Sawed and Ilived Vgpress Shingles,
Lath , Fencing, Fruit and
Vegetable Crates, i tv.
Constantly on hand.
CP 1 All orders promptly filled.
Fentons, Fiuies. Citron, Fie.-. Bananas,
Guava, Dine Apple. Mango. Sappodilla.
;v- ?vw : 7;pan Fhuu. &C., &c.
Grape lines, Quinces, Blackberries, Ac.
Almond, Pecan. Spanish and American
Rose-, Evergreens, and Deciduous Shrubs,
and I lowering Plants, Are.
Send for descriptive catalogue.
ALBERT .1. RIDNYAAA.
Benedict & M cConihe,
Hardwire and litlery,
Sash, Doors and Blinds,
Stoves and Tin ware, Faints and Oils ,
Blacksmiths and Carpenter s
Tools, Wagon Material and
Belting, Harness, Saddles, Bridles , etc
Agents for the celebrated Orange Light
Send for Price-Lists. my3l-ly
DeLAKD & PAECE,
Offer for sale in alternate lots of 5 to 10
acres, to parties who wish to improve the
same, portions of the 160 acres known as
the Canfield place, 'a. quarter section
well adapted to Orange culture, Grapes,
and other fruits or vegetables. Lying mid
way between DeLand aud the St. Johns
river, the highest of the first q ualitv rolling
Pine lands, it is rarely equalled in quality
or location by any lauds in Florida.
Also, portions of a similar tract of 40
acres, known as the Adams’ place, at De-
Land, at very reasonable rates.
Also, agents for the sale of real estate iu
larger quantities. Having extensive ac
quaintance and business relations at the
North, and numerous inquirers with regard
to real estate in Florida, we offer our ser
vices to those who furnish ns with descrip
tion, and lowest prices without delay.
Also, contractors for the planting, care
and culture of orange groves aud vine
yards on lands purchased of us.
Also, a fine stock of choice nortnern
Grape vines, remarkably healthy and prom
ising, including Agawam, Concord, Hart
foid, Ives, lona, Llndley. Massasoit, Salem,
Ac., all varieties which ripen early aud
sell well in the uorthern markets. Prices,
12 cents each, for any number.
DoLAND & FAROE,
aug9-tf DeLand, Volusia co., Fla.
left at this office will receive
A large amount of excellent PINE LAND
unrivalled in value for ORANGE AND
Said lands lie in the immediate vicinity
of Demand, and wii be sold at pncos rang
rug from $5.00 up. Come and see before
11. A. DeLAtVD.
DeLand, May 10tb. IST:.
-35tna, Home and Liverpool
London and Globe Insurance
GEO. R. FOSTER, Agent,
nivSl-Gni Jacksonville, Ela.
OF ALL KIN'DS, IH>N K IIY
E. M. Penfield,
ap2s NEW BRITAIN, Fla.
EDW. W. STETSON,
Successor to D. W. Davis,
Wholesale ami Retail Dealer in
And SHADE FIXTURES.
dec2B-6m McConilie’s Block
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