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The Florida agriculturist. (DeLand, Fla.) 1878-1911, May 15, 1878, Image 4

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Aj.l letters on business should l>e ad
dressed to Kit kkoff A: Dk.an. Publishers,
and all matters connected with the Edito
rial Department t<> Editor Florida Aoiti-
DeLand. Fla.
TWO DOLLARS a Year, iu Advance.
Single copies. Five cents.
A copy to the eetter-up of a club of ten.
Subscriptions suonld be sent by draft’
postofSce money order on Jacksonville, or
registered letter, otherwise the publishers
will not be responsible in case of loss.
Advertising Kates :
Ratos for advertisements furnished on
application by letter or in person.
To Correspondents.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected
All comtnuuicaiions intended for publica
tion roust be accompanied with real name,
as a guarantee of good faith. Names will
not be published if objection be made. No
anon vinous contributions will be regarded.
KILKOFF A. DEAN, Publishers.
C. CODRINCTOn. Editor.
DeLAND, MAY 15, 1878.
We make our appearance before
the public in our old form, but under
new management. Since the stop
page of the old “ Florida Agricultu
rist,the want of a paper devoted to
the agricultural interests of the State
has been much felt, not only by the
old, but by the new settlers, who re
quire an organ in which they can
seek instruction and exchange ideas.
To meet this want the present paper
has been started. We have used
the old name as it more fully signi
fies the object of our enterprise, and
as there was no prospect of the old
paper being resuscitated under the old
but we imo-nnf. connected in
to such, free of charg, ( to the tinre 1
their subscription would have ex
pired had the old “ Florida Agricul
turist ” been continued. This only
includes those who were on the sub
scription list at the time of the
stoppage, Oct. 13th, 1877, as we
are ignorant of subsequent tarns
actions. This will be quite an
serious expense to us, but we hope
by showing the public that it is our
intention to act generously and lib
erally, that it may be a pass port to
others, to have confidence in us, and
give us their support.
No one connected with this paper
has land for sale, nor are they in any
way connected with real estate trans
actions. It is their intentions to
serve all parts of the State impar
tially, so we shall be happy to hear
from correspondents from every por
tion of it. We wish to make this
paper a reliable organ for those seek
ing information regarding the State,
with the intention of making it their
future home. Our correspondents
cannot, therefore, be too cautious in
setting forth only facts , for the State
has been seriously injured by over
drawn statements, which has led to
a good deal of dissatisfaction, and
damaged our future prospects. There
are numerous inducements calcula
culated to tempt people to settle
here, it only requires that they
should be made known and this can
lie done by our correspondents keep
ing us posted on their proceedings,
and the success attending them. We
do not want the blight side of the
picture alone, give us also the fail
ures, and let us find out the way to
rectify them. We have some of the
best informed people in the world
residing here; and there is hardly a
subject which requires elucidation,
but there will be found someone
able to doit. Weshallbegladtohear
from those who formerly contribut
ed to the columns of the old Agri
culturist, and as many others as may
be induced to favor us with interest
ing subjects; and if any person requires
information let him ask for it, and if
we cannot answer him some of our
correspondents can.
Where the paper is published is of
no consequence as long as we give a
good one, and we will endevor to do
so, and if we find it more conven
ient and economical to publish it here
no one can object.
—The States gives us’np aid iu in
ducting immigration, but the people
will sustain us.
To the Agriculturists
of Florida.
Remember this is your paper.—
Give us the benefit of your experi
ence to assist others who have re
cently settled here. If you are at a
loss and want information ask for it,
if we cannot give it ourselves, we
have some of the best informed men
in the world, on the list of sub
scribers, who can do so. You must
support us, for we have placed the
paper at a price to suit the times,
and it is only a large circulation that
will enable us to make it remunera
tive. Take the paper yourselves and
induce your neighbors and friends to
do so. We will help you, and you
must help us. Any one sending us
ten subscribers will get the paper
free for himself.
—This paper is conducted on hon
est principles. We want no state
ments but what can be substantiated.
The value of Cassava.
Dr. Mason’s article on Cassava we
jjjjjjjae will open the eyes of our agri
heavfer of that pro
rs are pluck fa p)nr ; M
grow again .ft T
ress is Picture the starch, we could
jflftgtJL-e vast quantities of an article
sa^e able. It is much superior
to used in cloth manufac-
stiffening purposes. We
were infoned that a manufacturer in
Massachusetts had offered to buy
thousands of pounds of it, at a good
price, htXwas so pleased with a sam
ple sent Wbu from this State. Even
as a pig fattener we cannot plant
anything so easily cultivated’ and
gathered when ripe, as the cassava.
It possesses in a high degree the
qualities for making pork, and much
more so than chufas, peanuts or cprn.
The cnlture need not be confined to
Florida alone, the cassava will grow
in most of the Southern States.
Dr. Mason will give a more ex
tensive treaties on the Starches of
Florida, for the next meeting of the
“Fruit Growers Association,” it be
ing a subject to which he has paid
much attention, we will be glad to
get all the information possible about
—We have no land of our own for
sale, therefore, have no occasion to
tell lies to get them off, let those who
have any, advertise them and pay for
The Semi-tropical Magazine.
—The April number of this excellent
publication is now out. The maga
ziue is a credit to the State and should
receive solid support from those in
terested in our development. Stran
gers judge favorably of our im
provement when they see works like
this emanting here.
—Our paper reaches all parts of
the State, therefore, if you want to
sell your goods advertise them.
Fir&Upple Growing.
The cultivation of Pine Apples in
South Florida* promises to be one ot
our staple products and one that will
turn ont highly remunerative. It is
therefore, our intention to gleam all
the information we can get on the
different varieties, when grown, and
the cultivating, and pnb
blisb them from time to time. We
fear that smie very interior varieties
have been introduced here under ficti
tious nanupg; and that our agricultu
rist wfll bdjmuch disappointed at the
results wtten they come to bearing.
In a'procldlt of this kind it is to our
interest to seek lor and cultivates only
the best, a i the expence of fertilizing
and protecting is the same in any
case, while.the difference in the prices
is great. In our next number we
will liave •omething more to say on
the subje<£
■;'pg— —
—with a larger eir
culatipn than the old Florida Agri
cultural e*pr had. What an’oppor
tunity for advertising.
" IT Banana Hill.
• Leesburg, Florida.
Editor Ag ricultu rist :—Having
business to transact in Florida, I left
South Carolina about the last of Sept.
As Jtoyrpute lay through Ocala, in
Mariopi~ Cos.. I improved the oppor
tunity of calling upon my old friend
Sir. A. Lf Eichelberger, a South Car
olinian by birth, bpt now thoroughly
devotba to the State of his adoption.
I knew something of friend Eichel
berger's energy and perseverence,
backed by a sanguine temperment
that never allows him to be daunted
by difficulties; but I was unprepared
to see the amount of labor which he
has accomplished, and to witness his
merited success.
The home place, Banana Hill, and
another place near town, are the only
ones that I visited, although Mr. E.
lias fiue orange groves on the
WitbJkeopchee river, in Sumter Cos.
of forty-five acres
■ * ■**' vir Vi
is under thorough cultivation. Here
one can see a great variety of the
fruits and vegetables of two zones,
growing with a Inxurience almost
rivaling that of their native climate
and soils. As you approach the place,
your attention is arersted by the broad
banana leaves that gently sway and
nod in the breeze, as though beckon
ing you to partake of the hospitality
which you are sure to receive from
the proprietor and his family. Then
your eyes are delighted with the rich
green of the orange, until finally they
wander to the vineyard at the east of
the house.
I found Mr. Eichelberger in the
midst of wine making, but not too
busy to give me a hearty welcome
and to conduct me over the place.—
As the present centre of interest lay
in the vineyard, we first visited that.
The grapes from which he was mak
ing wine, are of the Flowers variety,
and this Mr. Eichelberger prefers to
all others, for wine. The vines ex
tend year by year, and their produce
is enormous. As we walked through
the arbor I thought that I had never
seen vines so loaded with fruit. On
this place there are fourteen acres of
the Flowers and Scuppernoug varie
ties. Since my visit Mr. E. has writ
ten me that he had made last year,
from three acres of Flowers vines,
over (4000) four-thousand gallons of
wine, which he values at S6OO. As
an experiment, he made before
eleven barrels. With additional ex
perience and facilities for making,
Mr. E. believes that he will produce
a superior article this year, and this
seems to be the belief of gentlemen
who have visited the most celebrated
vineyards of Europe. He has, also,
one acre of bunch grapes, many va- I
rieties of which he thinks will Jo well
here. In three years his whole vine
yard will be in lull bearing. Should
his expectations be realized, what a
princely income will be enjoyed from
this soucre alone! Besides the vine
yard he has twenty acres planted dur
ing the year, one and a half miles
from Ocala, which he christens his
Johnishberger vineyard, and which
he will increase to fifty acres this fall
These are on high, rich, rolling ham
mock lands. The soil consists of veg
etable. mold mixed with’lime and red
sandstone rock, underlayed w ith marl
rich in phosphates. Mr. E. believes
it|is the soil that makes the rich and
generous wine.
At Banana Hill the quince does
well. A large orchard of peach trees
bore a heavy crop. Pears and apples
grafted upon the hawthorn have done
remarkeably well, especially the early
apple. An acre of strawberries pro
duce a large crop of delicious fruit.
Mr. E. prefers the Nunan to all oth
ers. The large banana grove which
give this place a name, are, perhaps,
as interesting to a stranger from more
northern states, as any thing he would
see. With their huge leaves, their
great bunches of delicious fruit, their
luxurient, tropical, and withall grace
ful appearance, they are a vision to
delight a lover of the beautiful.—
These groves are producing many
hundred bunches of fruit.
The orange trees do not appear to
have been naterially damaged by the
frost of last winter ; and especially is
this true of his forest grove of 1800
trees which suffered no injure what
ever. Mr. Eichelberger thinks that
he will have 1500 orange trees in
bearing next year, which will yield
150,000 oranges. lie has a nursery
of over 100,000 trees, —sweet seed
lings, and sour seedlings budded.—
lie prefers the sweet seedlings select
ed from choice young seedlings trees.
Sour seedlings two or three years old,
he buds near the ground, with the
top bent down and pinned to the
ground. His theory., is this: All
plants receive their carbon through
the leave* sna stemsTrora rne atmos
phere. If the top is cut oft' when
the hud takes, the bud is deprived of
the carbon that is necessary to the
growth of the plant. By topping the
tree after the bud takes, you also de
stroy the* numerous little fibrous
roots that supply the plant food to
every part of the plant, when, if the
top were bent down the fibrous roots
remain to perform their proper funct
ions, and furnish food to the sweet
bud when it commences growth. He
believes that a tree thus treated will
hear two years earlier than if cut off.
Mr. E. thinks that the first step to
succes in fruit culture, is in securing
rich land that will support a man and
his family while the trees are growing.
At Banana Hill I met Mr. John
Eliasson, an industrious Sweed who
has been with the proprietor for six
years. He has bought twenty acres
of land adjoining Mr. Eichelberger’s
new vineyard, which he has planted
in fruits. Two other Sweeds have
lately joined him, and Mr. E. hopes
that this will be the nucleus of a large
Sweedish colony.
South Carolinian.
—Our papers can be had at the
news stands for five cents each.
Our Advertising Bates.
As we commence our publication with a
large circulation, reaching all parts of the
State aud every State of the Union, we
otter unusual advantages to advertisers.
We have reduced the rates to the lowest
remunerative price, to suit the times. We
keep up a cheap column for the convenienoe
of those who have small articles for sale or
require information, for which they would
not like to go to the expense of a large
advertisement. For a small sum evary one
can, therefore, advertise their wants.
—lf you want to know how to live
in Florida take our paper.
This subject is one to which for years
pa-st I have been endeavoring to direct the
attention ot our people, believing that
when a proper appreciation of the import
ance of turning our attention to the culti
vation of starch producing plants, such as
are now successfully cultivated, without
taking into account otherspecies that may
he introduced or those growing wild, that
the industry will be found to be one of the
best paying investments that can he en
tered into, and that our people will engage
in it with the same energy and zeal that
is now- displayed in orange culture.
Mv experience during the war, with cas
sava and arrow root as a food plant for
both man and beast, has convinced me that
its culture should be entered into exten
sively. The cassavafamishesanutritious
article of diet in the form of starch and
tapioca, or the root maybe boiled with
fresh meat aud is a fair substitute for the
Irish potato: the root is also grated, baked
in bread and made into puddings and
It is well known that manv persons are
deterred from moving to our State aud
engaging in fruit culture, because they
must wait ten or twelve years before the
trees will begin to yield fruit; thev want
to plant some aunual crop that will insure
them a support while waiting for the
orange grove to come into bearing. This
desired crop will he iound in the cassava
and arrow root. To make the cultivation
of these plants a success only requires that
starch mauufactones should be established
at points convenient to the producer.
To form a just conception of the value erf
the cassava, it may be well to compare it
with a staple product of the Northern
States, viz: The Irish potato. The highest
estimate of the average product of the po
tato is 300 bushels per acre, which at 60 lbs.
per bushel is 18,000 lbs. The yield in starch
is from 4to 6 lbs. per bushel; taking the
highest as one to ten, the result will be
1800 lbs. of starch per acre. Now compare
this with the return from on acre in cassava
planted 4x4, at an average of 20 lbs. to the
hill, will be 54,440 lbs. of root. The starch
product by our unskilled domestic mode of
manufacture is one pound to five, a result
in starch of 10,888 lbs. per acre. The fore
going estimates are for a high rate of pro
duct. Reduce that of cassava one half and
even then we have the large result of 5,444
lbs. of starch to compare with that from
the potato of 1,800 lbs. I have no doubt
that when proper machiucry is introduced
for the manufacture of starch that the root
can be made to yield at the rate of one
pound to four.
The cassava grows to the highth of from
six to ten feet; the top plant is cut before
cold weather sets in aud is hanked as seed
for next year’s planting. The roots con
tain the starch, and are from two to four
inches in diameter and from two to six
rae -•appr—“ • ——j.Cj.
five of these roots are taken from one hill.
•Select fair pine land or hammock, break
up and lay off in cheeks 4x4 feet, place a
piece of the plant that has been banked, in
the check aud cover three inches deep; the
pieces may be from four to ten inches long,
according to size. The planting may begin
in this section the Ist of February; the
after culture will be the same as for corn;
iu a couple of months the plant will shade
the ground and keep down weeds. In
October the roots will he ripe enough to
begin to use. There are two kinds of cas
sava: one, the bitter, contains prussic acid,
and requires to get rid of this poison, a
different mode of preparation from the
sweet, which is the kind cultivated iu this
section; the weet is said to yield the
largest proportion of starch. In manufac
turing, the rind, which is of a light pink
color, must be taken off, the rest grated
tine. mixed with clear water, agitated and
worked over to get ail the starch; this
water is poured off, allowed to settle and
the starch washed a number of times, then
put upon a cloth aud placed where it will
dry rapidly to prevent souring. The result
ing starch is heavy, brilliant, and well
suited for laundry purposes, the dressing
of goods, or for food. If desired, it cau be
made into tapioca, which is done by the
application of heat and stirring until the
particles are aglutinated. The refuse pulp
and rind is eaten readily by horses and
hogs and possesses considerable fattening
Arrow root (Maranta arundinacea), from
which the Bermuda arrow root is prepared,
is grown successfully upon most of our
pine land. The land should be prepared as
for corn and laid off in rows three feet
apart, a small piece of the root containing
one or more eyes, is planted 18 inches in
the row, and covered about two inches
deep; the after culture sufficient to keep
down the grass and weeds. The ground
becomes completely filled with the roots,
which are ripe enoughln October for use!
Time for planting. February and March.
Though I have raised a considerable
amount of the root, I am not able to say
what frill be the product of an acre, hut
am inclined to think that the amount of
farina will equal or even excel that of
cassava as the plant is very rich in starch.
The common mode of preparing it for fam
ily use, is to wash the root, nibbing off
with the Lands a thin membraneous coat
that partly covers it; they are theu placed

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