and beaten with a wooden
>JJ*aul until reduced to a fine pnlp, which is
put iuto dear water, 'this is readily ob
tained fro 21 the clear water lakes which
are found all over the country) stirred up
the water poured off and when settled the
starch is repeatedly washed until the water
passes off clear; it is then rapidly dried.
By this simple process I have prepared a
fanna fully equaling the Bermuda.
Prior to the late civil war, Florida arrow
root sold in New York, wholesale at 45 cts
One manufactory on the St. Johns river
sent during a year 20,000 lbs. Now the
article known in that market as Florida
rates lower than St. Vincent, being about
t> cts. per lb. The reason assigned for this
great falling oft' in character and price, is
that fm individual in South Florida named
ms place Bermuda, prepared a farina from
the comptee root, (winch I suppose is the
/.amia mtegnfolia) and gave it the name
of Bermuda arrow root. For this reason, a
brut in New York who are the largest
dealers in farinas, express the opinion that
' ,,e sojl of Florida is unsuited for the pro
unction of the true arrow root. Prom
what I have stated it will be seen that this
opinion is erroueous. It will bo necessary
to re-establish the character of the Florida
article, by furnishing a preparation puri tied
by repeated washings, when it will again
be in demand and command a fair and
But few persone seem to comprehend the
great advantage Florida possesses over
other countries in the manufacture of
starches, especially in the fact that we
have six months of the year in which
to make up the crude material, neither
do they realize how great a quantity of
starches are used in the various industries
of the country. Florida cun supply the
demand be it ever so great. I hope that
the attention of starch manufacturers at
the North may be directed to the facilities
Florida possesses, to induce them to come
here and put up their machinery. They
have the apparatus and the necessary tact
in making up, and we can furnish the
crude material to keep them employed.
Z. H. MASON, M. I).
Apopka, Orange county, Fla.
IMPROVEMENTS IN ORANGE
from Our Correspondent.
Orange City, May Bth, 1878.
Ldi tor Agriculturist :—You ask me to
give you a few facts as to what is going on
in your sister town in the way of improve
ments. When DeLaml was located we
a ere informed that it was six miles away,
now I am told a road has been laid out that
brings ns within three miles of each other.
Aho knows, with all the enterprise each
place possesses in its stirring inhabitants,
how soon we mav by brought near enough
together to shake hands over the garden
gate, or exchange with each other rare
tiowers, and samples of choice fruits.
Aato. facts and figures concerning our
improvements: You must Dear lii mind
that as yet we ai-e not a “three year” old
town, so you must not expect a roport that
we are building large Churches. Halls or
Opera houses, but will say that each and
all are striving to build np a home with all
its comforts aud adornments. At this pres
ent time there are four dwellings going np
that are each a credit to the place. Tftev
are for Rev. J. Herrick, of Vermont, Mr.
French, of Minnesota, Mr. Burrell, of Ne
braska, and Col. Crenshaw, of Kentucky,
not forgetting a nice one just finished bv
Mr. Higby, with double porches, hay win
dows. &c.. which makes it look as though
it had been transplanted from the “old
country” iuto these, to ns, new “piney”
But we are to have a much needed want
in the shape of a blacksmith and wagon
shop. Mr. Ross, late of Tallahassee, has
purchased a ten acre lot upon Volusia and
. Blue Spring avenue, where he will soon
liave'a shop and bouse erected, and a grove
planted out. We say welcome to all who
come promising as much. As to mercantile
affairs, we have two well filled stores doing
a thriving business, saw and planiag mill
in full blast, a resident dentist and physi
cian, and other trades that tend to develop
“Blue Spring Land company” have sold
nearly a hundred and fifty five-acre lots,
and the groves that have been set are look
ing fine despite the dry weather. Quite a
number are having a few trees fruit this
season which causes them to smile; wonder
where the grin will bring us to in the
next half decade of years? Again, our
small fruits are pointing to success. Our
figs, guavas, bananas, mulberries, peaches
and pine apples are fruiting; of the latter
there are now many thousands planted out
here, and a cargo at the landing awaiting
ns—the sugar loaf variety.
We are in our infancy, but as time rolls
along you will hear from us now and then,
and we hope to chronicle success, a ,m. j.
—We give the best paper in the
South for the money.
Our supply of paper not having arrived
in time, and our patrons being anxious to
see the paper started, we have had to use
the present sheet which is larger than we
require. In binding the volumes, however,
the waste paper will be cut off.
Some Fruits Worth tntroducsing,
Have you or any of your corres
pondents ever come acres the fruit
of the Margusteen ? (Garcinis Mau
gostana of Leneus) the fruit is the
size ol an apple, grown in India and
celebrated as the choicest', fruit the
There is also another fruit grown
there, almost as delicious as the form
er—the Rambutan, (nepheliun lappe
ceum.) it looks like an immence ob
long strawberry. If they have never
been introduced in this ocuntry,
why could not the Department of
ashingtou get them through some
of our Merchant men stopping at,
those ports, or perhaps they may he
already grown in the West Indies,
you may have seen them there. I
doubt not they would grow at least
in the southern part of the State.
E. X. W.
As an instance of the pluck and enterprise
of Northern men in Florida, we give the
Mr. S. J. Fox, the owner of the St. John's
and Indian River R. R„ had the misfortune
to lose his store house, goods and dwelling
house, at Titusville, by fire, a short time
since | but before the brands of the old
building had ceased burning, lumber for
the erection of anew one was on the
ground, and within a week the new build
ing was erected and business resumed.—
Ibe sun ol Florida is not hot enough to
take the energy out of such men.
—On Tuesday morning of this week, Mr.
John M. Watkins, Miss Mollie Terry and
Miss C. Sinnetie, the lady artist of Brook
lyn, N. Y.. took their departure for the
North. Miss S. came here with Mr. H. A.
OeLand and family several weeks ago and
has remained with us until the present
time, painting flowers, plants, grasses, and
other rare gems of Florida. Sfie has also
sketched the ruins of the old mill at Spring
Garden, the historic points of which are
well fixed in hex 1 mind aud on the canvas,
and which she will paint at her leisure at
home. Miss Terry, we believe, intends
spending some time in visiting relatives
and friends in Owego and Fairport, N. Y.,
and othei'places. The ladies go by steamer
to New York, while Mr. Watkins will take
the Coast Line R. R., visiting Savannah,
Charleston, and other cities on the route,
in the business iuterest of parties here and
at the North. He will be absent about
four weeks. We hope the journey will he
a Guu tu gpjpum v-t ti*M MMt
—At the property of Judge J. FI. Prevatt,
four miles from this place, can be seen a
peach tree, the trunk of which is forty-two
inches in circumference, the branches cov
ering over fifty feet in diameter. It is now
loaded with fruit. Go aud see it.
—Mr. John A. Mcßae, general agent for
the New York and Fernandina Steamship
line, and for the Steamer Carrie, connect
ing with the Upper St. John's, is in town
working np the business of the company.
—From the garden of Mrs. W. F. Bucknor
comes very fine specimens of tomatoes of
the Trophy variety, some of them measur
ing over thirteen by eleven inches-.
—Our old townsman, J. A. B. Hull, has
left Sanford, where he lias been engaged
for the past year, and again become one of
our permanent residents.
Geographical Divisions of Florida.
The Florida Immigrant divides the State
iDto four divisions, for the purpose of con
venience iu locating counties and describ
ing different sections. These divisons have
been generally adopted, and are as follows :
Eastern Florida—ls composed of the
counties of Suwannee, Columbia. Alachua,
Levy Baker. Nassau, Duval. Bradford,
Clay, St. Jehus, Putnam and Manon.
W kst Florida —ls composed of the coun
ties of Escambia. Santa Rosa, Washington,
Walton, Holmes, Jackson and Calhoun.
Middle Florida—ls composed of the
counties of Gadsden, Liberty, Franklin,
Leon, Wakulla, Jefferson, Madison, Taylor,
Lafayette and Hamilton.
South Florida —ls composed of the
counties of Hernando, Sumter. Orange,
Volusia, Brevard, Polk, Hillsborough,Man
atee, Monroe and Dade.
—The crops in Jeflerson County are
—Wheat is likely to become a pro
fitable crop in ceutral Florida.
—Young quail have made their ap
pearance in Orauge County.
—There are cheering prospects for
the Agriculturists of the State: the
THE FLORIDA AURjPMTURfsT.
Patriot of Tallahassee s|, s , Re
lieve the present will b| a year ; n
which Providence will frown all the
wishes oi the husbandman with .'suc
cess. In our Sourtfaern country ' the
season is already so tar advanced that,
we may gather much on which to
base our assertion. The fruit crop,
beyond all peradventure, is safe, and
will be a most bountiful one th ran ab
out the State. The garden crops are
now matured and the greatest profu
sion and variety are presented on all
sides. The corn crop, of which a much
larger acreage than usukl has been
planted, is growing finely, and may be
soon considered safe. The oat and
rye crop promises an abundant yeild,
while the cotton is the olily crop that
may be considered as in . doubt, and
that rests entirely on the char
acter of the season. It does not
make much difference about the num
ber of bales marketed, however. If
the crop be short, the price will he
high, if it be heavy, the price wifil he
correspondingly low. Altogether
the outlook is bright-. Next time let
us do a, little—let ns stwdy ou busi
ness more closely, find obt what ele
ment is needed here and what there,
put our farms in better condition, make
our lands more fertile by liberal farm
ing, cultivate them more generously
and more throughly, and in a few
years we will find out that the seasons
will not be so uncertain, and the crop
not so dependent on them.
—The Columbia County people ap
pear to be in earnest about getting
up a county fair, the display at Gains
ville has put them on their metal.
The Reporter says, the meeting held
in this city on Saturday last to make
the preliminary arrangements for the
County Fair, was large and enthusi
astic. Everybody appeared to enter
into the work with a spirit and deter
mination which gives full assurance
of success. The speakers were all
equal to the occasion aud did full jus
tice to the glourious cause of agricul
ture.—Much now depends on the ef
forts of the Soliciting Committee, and
from their'known character we have
abundant reason to believe they will
leave no stone unturned in old Co
lumbia. The Fair must and shall he
a grand success. Our people have
the material and the ability to make
it a success if they can only be induced
to make the necessary effort To
get up a county fair apd make it a
grand success is not fiklf so hard a
' ou iiai u a
a hearty co-operation on the part of
all the people insures the other half.
Then we say to all the decree has gone
forth from the farm, the merchant,
the doctor, the lawyer, and all the
people of Colnbia county that we
shall have a fair this fall.”
—Thanks returned for the following
from the Fla. Crescent we are glad
to* hear that Mr. Codrington will
shortly re-establish the “Agricultu
rist’’ at DeLand City. We*have miss
ed Brother. C. sadly since he got
out of harness”.
—A uew.market is to be erected
at St. Augustine.
—The South Florida Journal is our
authority for this, “An old gentleman
arrived in Sanford last week, in an
ox cart, from the Okeechobee region,
a hundred and thirty or more miles
south of here. There is nothing -un
usual in this but he had a little sou
with him, between six and seven
years of age, whom the old man de
clared had never tasted any bread of
any kind in his life. He *said there
had never been any bread in the fam
ily since jjthe birth of this child. He
bought a barrel of flour, and said he
was going to give the litte codger a
taste of bread if the old woman
hadn’t forgot how to bake it”.
—The Florida Crescent says : The
citizens of Sanford were 6tartled by
the cry of fire this morning about
2 o’clock to find the beautiful steam
er “Starlight” in flame. The fire is
supposed to have originated in the
neighborhood of the gaily and owing
to the carelessness or neglect of the
watchman was not discovered 'until
too late to do anything with it. The
passengers on board escaped but lost
all their wearing apparel—Mrs. Cox
etter losing all her clothing and jew
elry. All the freieht on board was
destroyed. T. A. Hughey & Bros
new wharf— at which the steamer
was lying—was slightly damaged.
The steamer was valued at af out
s4o,ooo—insured for $15,000. \l r .
Howard informs us that the freights
by the Charleston line will not bede
layed but will be promptly forwarded,
and at the old rates. Another steam
er will immediately take the “Star
light s ’ days. Mr. Howard continues
to represent the Charleston line.”
—We have some wise men in Flor
ida, see the number of advertise
ments in our first issue.
—We have a large northern circu
lation it you have land for sale adver
VANLOON—At the residence of Mr. D. A
Wyman, Orange City, Ha., May 9th, 1878
oi pulmonary consumption, John J. Van!
loon, aged 19 years and 4 months.
The funeral services were conducted by
Elder Higby. and although the day was
very warm, there was a general gathering
of friends and neighbors to pay their re
spects to the worthy departed-for Johnny,
as he was called, was a general favorite
with all who knew him. Upon the coffin
was placed a cross and wreath of beautiful
flowers and evergreens, and just as the sun
was sinking in the western horizon they
laid him down to rest in mother earth,
until the voice of God shall awaken him
to come forth to everlasting life.
Many thanks are due Mr. and Mrs. Wy
mau for their untiring efforts to administer
to bis wants, relieve his distress, and make
him comfortable during his sickness. The
deceased was a native of Wisconsin, where
his relatives now reside.
Northern papers please copy.
T)ICH WILD ORANGE GROVE
1,000 Acres For Sale !
Situated in Marion county, the garden of
Florida, on the south side of Orange lake,
the natural home of the orange, surrouuded
by the largest sweet orange groves in the
world. Recently divided into lots of 10,
20 and 40 acres, and now ottered for sale at
a low prick, on reasonable terms. Infor
mation cheerfully furnished by
JOHN F. bIJNN,
myls-tf Ocala, Florida.
I General Dealer it'"
Dry Goods, Groceries,
Boots, /Shoes, Beady Made
Clothing, &e., &c.
Dealing exclusively for cash I am ena
bled to sell at prices unusuallv low, and
by keeping constantly ou hand a choice
selection of goods, hope to merit the good
will and patronage of the whole community.
DeLand, May 15,1878. mylStf
VICTOR CANE MILL%
The Sorco Hand Book
BLYMYER MANUFACTURING Cos.
Cl NCINNATI. O.
fr* i FIR! ANHRIAKfII.I C: ICU
Oranges in variety, on budded sweet stocks;
varieties for early fruiting, suited
for hot-house culture.
I.EMOXS IX VARIETY, BUDDED.
Limes, Citron, Grape Fruit, Shaddock,
Bananas, Guavas, reaches, Figs, Japan
Plums, Apricots, and Plums.
GRAPES SUITED TO THE CLIMATE.
Send for Price List.
Address, A. J. BEACH A, SON,
myls-tf Palatka, Fla.
Twenty words, name, and ad
&.%cen?r t,OU ’ 25 COnts; three iDsel '
IK’X 01 ' a hoofing Drink—Fresh
DeLSpia 61 *' the
m LL LINE of Dr. Harter’s valua
tr Me remedies; also, the great Ague cure
_ mylotl DeLand. Fla.
JUINEA GRASS— One dollar per
, fl" art f or seed, and one dollar per hun
dred for plants. h WING
WING to the low rates of freight
„ over the New York and Fernandiua laie
HjUjsba & Moon are enabled to compete
with Jacksonville druggists.
DeLand, Hu, mylstl
STRAWBERRY Plants.—lf you
„ Y ant + ' Vi lson Albany Strawberry plants
engage them m time. 1
my 1513 Jacksonville, Fla.
THE SECRET of Good Health—
. the Li , v r tone this hot weather
with Simmons’ Liver Regulator, found at
HARSHA & MOON’S,
mvlatl DeLand, Fla.
TROPICAL PtAXTs-A varietTof
A young plauts in pots, of tropical fruits
and spices, and other useful products.
A. I. BID WELL,
mylSta Jacksonville, Fla.
NOTWITHSTANDING the arrival
of Messrs. Hull and Mcßae, with their
chilly atmosphere from the other side of
the river, Harsha <fc Moon coutinue to sell
the sure cure” for all malarious affections.
DeLand, Fla. mylstl
THE Subscriber having a good team
1 and wagons, is prepared to do any job
of teaming or haulingthat mav be required.
All calls will be promptly attended to. and
charges to suit the times. Orders may be
left with Dr. Voorhis. or with the under
sized. HENRY E. HOWRY.
DeLand. May 12,1878. mylbtf
Carpenters I Builders.
Plans and Specifications Furnished,
Having had many years experience iu
Church Architecture and Public Buildings,
we are prepared to execute any plans or
specifications that may be required.
.1. J. ISA NT a, )
J. a. HUFFMAN, s mrl4tf DeLand, Fla.
BEAL ESTATE AGENT.
DeLand, Volusia Fla.
Several parcels of ch<<> pine ay.
Hgf™ mS£ as q.
resident parties, fdr the sale and purchase
of lauds. Being among the first to settle
here, enables me to act in
real estate transactions. my3l-tf
JpRED. J. LaPENOTIERE,
ATTORNEY AT LA TF,
Volusia County, Florida.
11. MORAGNE, M. D.,
Wholesale and Retail
Palatka, Fla. i
Established 1856. ySI-iym
J I. GRIFFIN & CO.,
Imported Drugs, &c.,
Cor. Bay & Laura sts.
JJOWARTH & RICHARDSON,
tSuccessors to J. K. Warner <fc Cos.)
Druggists | Chemists,
Cor. Bay & Hogan Sts.,
Goods to Dealers and Physicians at iovr
eat rates. my3l-ly
\V. si. IIARSIIA, m. and. w. n, MOOK.
Harsha & Moon,
Chemicals, Fine ToUet Soaps,
Fancy Hair and Tooth Brushes,
Perfumery, Toilet Articles,
PAINTS, OILS, &c,
Also, a choice lot of
CIGARS AND TOBACCO.
IF Physicians’ prescriptions carefully
DeLand, Florida. myls-tf
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