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The Florida agriculturist. (DeLand, Fla.) 1878-1911, May 29, 1878, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn96027724/1878-05-29/ed-1/seq-3/

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Watering and Mulching
Even in the best arranged places
irrigation has generally been looked
npon as a matter of quite secondary
importance; therefor it is hardly to
be expected that cottage gardeners
would realize its full value, though I
believe that if a good supply of water
in a kitchen or fruit garden could be
easily applied it would double the
produce; yet unless there are facilities
for doing it thoroughly, it would be
better to divert the labor attendant
into a channel calculated to mitigate
or counteract the effect of a long
drought. Watering on the surface
only, without giving sufficient to reach
the main roots, is of very doubtful
utility, even when administered every
evening; but if it can only be done
occasionally it is worse than useless,
because it tends to draw the roots to
the surface, and when the water is
withheld they perislL 1 have already
refered to deeper culture as a ready
means of enabling vegetables of all
kinds to withstand drought, and
mulching as a preventative is of the
greatest possible utility. Half-decay
ed manure is the best material to em
ploy. as it not only checks evapora
tion in a most efficient manner, but
it also enriches the soil, as every pass
ing shower carries the ammonia to
the roots of the plants. It may
either be spread on the surface about
two iohes thick, or where its appear
ance may be objectionable, covered
with loose soil. Grass or littter of
any kind may be usefully applied in
the same way. Whenever it is de
cided that any crop must be watered
let it be done in the evening and
thoroughly, and if the surface cannot
be mulched loosen it up with the hoe
the next day. I like to water two
or three evenings in succession, and
then leave the crops unwatered for
two or three days, at the same time
using the hoe freely where mulching
is impossible.— E. Hobday
Every gardener knows that this is
a most destructive insect among
melon* cucumber and other vines,
sometimes damaging the crop serious
ly. Many remedies have been sug
gested, some of them no doubt good
iu then—ft&y, bin troiibiesome. Wow
we have tried for several years anoth
er which has proved with us a com
plete success. Instead of aiming to
driv'e away the insects by soot, ashes,
4c., we pet it, or rather furnish it with
food better than the young melons
and cucumber plants.- We sow
around each hill at the time of each
planting a few radish seed, and com
ing lip about the same time, the tops
supply pasture for the bug, which it
much prefers to the vines. Lettuce
will also answer, but the radish is
rather liked the best. While our
vines are untouched by making this
little provision for it, the young rad
ish tops are completely perforated.—
Should this fail, which is seldom the
case, and has never been with us,
sprinkle the vines with a solution of
whale oil soap and water. Wo other
insect hut the curculio can stand this.
Where this preparation is not attain
able a weak solution of carbolic disin
fectant soap will answer as well.
We have great faith in a decoction
of fresh blackberry root for loosness
of the bowels. Last summer it com'-
pletely cured a severe case of chronic
diarrhoea, after the other remedies ot
the best physicians had proved Una
vailing, and invariably cured in many
other cases where it was afterwards
recommended. Dig the green roots,
rejecting those that are large and
woody. Wash thoroughly clean, and
steep in water at the rate of a quart
to a half a pound of the root. Boil
down one-balf. and then strain or
pour off. Put the liquid in a bottle
with about one-eighths its hulk of
brandy, whisky, or alcohol, to keep
it from souring, and cork tight. A
tablespoouful of this, rather less for
a child, is to he taken three or four
times a day, say before each meal.
Wewouldnotgofrom, home especial
ly southward, without taking this prep
aration along. The blackberry bran
dies or cordials are of little account
as a remedy for diarrhoea. The vir
tue lies in the roots not in the berries.
How a Woman Drives a Hen.
When a woman has a hen to drive
into the coop, she takes hold of her
hoops with both hands, shakes them
quietly towards the delinquent, and
says “ Shew, there!” The hen takes
one look at the object to convince
herself that it's a woman and then
stalks majestically into the coop in
perfect disgust at the sex. A man
doesn’t do that way. He goes out
doors and says: “It is singular no
body here can drive a hen but me, ”
and picking up a stick of wood, hurls
it at the offending biped, and ob
serves : “ Get in there, you thief ”
The heu immediately looses her rea
son and dashes to the other end of
the yard. The man straightway
dashes after her. She comes back
again with her head down, her wings
out and followed by an assortment
of stovewood, fruit cans and clink
ers, with a much puffing and very
mad man iu the rear. Then she
skims up on the stoop, and under the
barn, and over a fence or two, and
around the house, and back again to
the coop, and all the while talking as
only an excited hen can talk, and all the
while followed by things convenient
for handling, and a man whose coat
is on the saw buck, and whose hat is
on the ground, and whose perspira
tion and profanmty appear to have
no limit. By this time the other hens
have come out to take a hand in the
debate and help dodge missiles, and
then the man says every hen on the
place shall be sold in the morning,
and puts on his things and goes down
the street, and the woman dons her
hoops and has every one of those
hens housed and counted in two min
utes, and the only sound heard on
the place is the hammering by the
oldest hoy as lie mends the broken
pickets.— Ex.
Josii Billings on Hens. —The best
time tew sett a hen iz when the hen
iz ready. I kant tell you what the
best breed iz, but the Shanghigh iz
the meanest. It kosts more to hoard
one than it duz a stage-hoss, and you
might az well undertake to fat a fan
ning mill, running oats thru it. There
aint no profit in keeping a hen for his
eggs, if lie laze tliSin less ■'than one"a
day. Hens are long lived, if they
don’t koutract a throat disease; there
iz a grate menny goes to pot every
year by this mellonkolly disease. I
kant tell eggsactly how to pick out a
good hen, hut az a general thing the
long eared ones, I kno, are the least
apt to scratch up the garden. Eggs
packed in equal parts of salt and lime
water, with the other end down, will
keep from 30 to 40 years, if they are
not disturbed. Fresh beefsteak iz
good for hens; I suppose 4or 5 lbs.
a clay would he awl a hen would need,
at fust along. I shall he liappee to
advise with you at any time on the
hen question and take pay for my
advice in eggs.
Lighting a Room by its Wall
Paper.—Referring to the suggestion
made in Germany that wall paper
could be coated with oxalate of cop
per, which appears lighter as the
room grows darker, and vice versa the
Manufacturer and Builder advances
the idea that a room may be made
temporarily self-luminous by similar
means. There are several salts which
absorb light exposed to it, and give
it out afterwards. Among these are
the sulphides of barium and strontium
and certain coal tar extracts of the
anthracene series. The best way to
produce the effect would be to employ
a powerful electrice light in the room
for a short time, until the wall paper
had acquired its phosphorescent
power, and then cut off the electricity
and admit visitors into the room.—
Anything more weird than such an
apartment is scarcely conceivable,
and the experiment would not be ex
ceedingly costly. It might be em
ployed witli surprising effect in the
initiatory performances of a secret
An old citizen in a country vil
lage being asked for a subscription
toward repairing the fence of the
graveyard, declined, saying “I
subscribe toward improving that
buryin’ ground nigh unto forty
years ago, and my family haint had
no benefit from it yet.
A Prompt good story
is told of a deacon in Tennessee, who
was in the habit of riding a bucking
mule—that is a mule that can make
a camel’s hack of its straight one,
and, by a spasmodic movement of its
four legs and hump, discharge its
rider like a cannon ball. The°other
day he came to the edge of the worst
mud hole in the State, and the mule
gave unmistakable signs of bucking.
TheJ good deacon knew that he was
about to he thrown, and his mind
hurried about for a prayer. His
table grace came easiest: “Lord, for
what we are about receive make us
humbly thankful,” he exclaimed, and
the mule had bucked, and he was in.
—You should take a pride in mak
ing a success of a paper devoted to
your own interests.
General Dealer in
Dry Goods. Groceries,
Boots. Shoes, Heady Made
Clothing, dtc., dc.
Dealing exclusively for cash I am ena
bled to sell at prices unusually low, and
by keeping constantly on hand a choice
selection of goods, hope to merit the good
will aud patronage of the whole community.
DeLand, May 15.1878, mylStf
Havo your Orange Trees Budded and get
fruit from three to five years sooner.
Extensive experience, cheap rates ; work
warranted for a small bonus.
Address, W. A. COOK,
au9 Beresford. Volusia co„ Fla.
T AND Adjoining Orange Bluff,
-Ll Volusia county. Florida.
I have for sale a large quantity of very
desirable agricultural lands, which will be
sold, to actual settlers, on very reasonable
terms, and in lots of 10 acres and upwards.
Also, a tract of 190 acres, three miles from
Enterprise, on lake Bethel. This tract has
upon it 2,400 budded, aud 29 orange trees,
now bearing, and 5 bearing lemon trees,
about 70 acres of tine hammock land, with
a large spring of excellent Water upon it.
For particulars in full; apply to me in
person at Orange Bluttj A olusia county.
Fla., or address by mail!at Volusia post
ojtice. Ela. ....... Jb**.i..\Knme. ...
February, 1878, feb6-tf
Holders' [ iimishim Hill
Jacksonville' fla
Manufacturers and Dealers iu
Moxddings, Brackets.
Scrool and Turned Work,
Bough and Dressed Lumber
Saved and, Rived Cypress ■Shingles ,
Lath, Fencing , Fruit and
Vegetable C/.ies, dc.
Constantly on hand.
C3PAII orders promptly filled.
Dealer* In
Glass and Plated Ware,
Kerosene Lamps, :
Brackets, Lanterns,
CltaiiUellers, etc., etc.
Wood and Willow Ware
Fruit Jars, Jelly Tumblers, Water Filters.
Water Coolers, &e.
13 West Bay St.,
Jacksonville, ela.
Attorney & Counsellor'at Law.
Postoffice address. Fort Mason, Orange
county, Florida.
Office at Orlando, with R. L. Stimmeriu,
Esq., Attorney at Law.
Orange Cos. Nurseries.
selected fruit.
per 100. por 1000
Trees from to 1 inch in
diameter,..,.... S3O 00 $250 00
Trees from 1 to li inches
in diameter, 40 00 350 00
Trees from If to 1J inches
in diameter, 50 00 450 00
Delivered on any of the steamers within
two hours from the time they are taken
up, and packed in good order. All trees
warranted to have extra tine roots and vig
orous, but not forced by manure. Good
high pine land, free from palmetto, any
where south of Lake George, will be taken
in part payment.
jyE-IJt Sanford, Florida.
No. IO Bay St.,
We are selling C Sugar at tic per lb.
A Sugar at 10c
Granulated Sugar, 11c.
Choice Rio Coffee, parched every dav at
our store by our Improved Roaster, at
25c per lb.
TEAS—Any kind you want from 50c to the
very choicest at One Dollar per lb.
Best Baltimore Pearl Hominy
At $4,05 per barrell of 200 pounds, or 2Jo
per pound at retail.
We Make a Specialty of Flour. .
Harkisheimer’s, No. 1,6 c per lb., 10.00 bbl*
“ No. 2,5 c “ 9,00 “
“ No. o, 4c “ 7,75 “
3-lb. can Tomatoes, (standard) 15c pr cn
Sugar Corn, 20c per can.
Green Apples, 3-lb cans, 20c per can.
And all other canned goods equally cheap.
Send to us for our weekly price current
It will pay von to buy direct from us. We
have made arrangements with the di'ft'er
eMt-boate to'.-nrryfreiiriirsat reduced rates.
Address, HARKfSHEIMER #. CO.
jail 10 (iox 007, Jacksonville, Fla.
Benedict & McConihe,
Dealers in
Hardware m Oitimv,
Sash, Doors and Blinds,
Stoves and Tinware, Baints and Oils,
Blacksmith's ami Ca/penter'B
Tools, Wagon Material and
Agricultural Implements,
Iron, Steel,
Belting, Harness, Saddles, Bridles , &c
Jacksonville, Fla.
Agents for the celebrated Orange Light
ning Powder.
Send for Prioe-Liste. mysl-ly
DeLAND, Volusia Cos., Fla.
Offer for sale in alternate lots of 5 to 10
acres, to parties who wish to improve the
same, portions of the 160 acres known as
the Canfield place, a quarter,
well adapted to Orange cultureuififapes
andotherfruitsor vegetables. Lying mid
way between DeLand aud th£f7#ohns
river, the highest of the first q uaMt#aUiug
pine lands, it is rarely equalledin naaiity
or location by any lauds in Florida j ,
Also, portions of a similar tract of 40
acres, known as the Adams’ placq, at De-
Land, at very reasonable rates. * _
Also, agents for the sale of real estate iu
larger quantities. Having extensive ac
quaintance and business relations at tho
North, and numerous iuquirers with rega rd
to real estate in Florida, we offer our ser
vices to those who furnish ns with descrip
tion, and lowest prices without deJniy.
~ cotsi
Also, contractors for the planting,., care
and culture of orange groves and vine
yards on lands purchased of us. ,
Also, a tine stock of choice OoFfnern
Grape vines, remarkably healthy and prom
ising, including Agawam, Concord; Hart
ford, Ives, lona. Llndley.
Arc., all varieties which ripen early and
sell well in the northern markets. Prices,
12 cents each, for any number.
aug9-tf DeLand, Volusia co., Fla,
tyOrders left at this office wilfreceive
careful attention.
A large amount of excellent PINE L AND
unrivalled in value for ORANGE AND
Said lands lie in the immediate vipinity
of DeLand, and wii be sold at prices rang
ing from $5.00 up. Come and see before
you purchase.
H. A. Dr L, A NO,
DeLand, May 10th. 1877.
Bone Fertilizers !
iEtna, Home and Liverpool,
London and Olobe Insurance
■ a ■,
mv3l-6m Jacksonville, rla.
E. M. PenfielcL,
ap2s NEW BRITAIN 1 , Fla.
Successor to D. W. Davis,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer In
Window Shades
dec2B-Cm McComhe's Block

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