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All letters on business should be ad dressed to Kilkoff & Dean. Publishers, and all matters connected with the Edito rial Department to Editor Florida Agri culturist, T>-‘L,aiAd, Fin. TERMSs TWO DOLLARS a Year, iu Advance. Single copies. Five cents. A copy to the setter-up of a club of ten. Subscriptions should be sent by draft, postofflee money order on Jacksonville, or registered letter, otherwise the publishers will not be responsible in case of loss. Advertising Bates t Rates for advertisements furnished on application by letter or in person. To Correspondents. Articles relating to any topic within the scope of this paper are solicited. We cannot promise to return rejected manuscripts. All communications intended for publica tion must be accompanied with real name, as a guarantee of good faith. Names will not be published if objection be made. No anonymous contributions will be regarded. I’UBLISHKED EVERY WEDNESDAY. KILKOFF A DEAN, Publishers. C. CODRINGTOIf, Editor. DeLAND, MAY 29, 1878. Fourth of July! A meeting of the citizens of De- Land, Spring Garden, Orange City, Beresford and the surrounding coun try will be held at the School House in this place on Saturday, June Bth, at 3 o’clock P. M. for the purpose of making suitable arrangements for the the celebration of our National Holli day (July 4th.) We hope the good people of the whole county will be on hand. Our Fisheries. We publish on the iirst page a communication sent to the Sun and JPress of Jacksonville, by Dr. C. G. Ken worthy, better known as a writer under the non de phone of “A1 Fresco.” He has repeatedly visited the Gull coast, and witnessed the immense quantities of fish that inhabit those waters, and the profitable puposes to which they might be put. The sub ject is one that may yet be developed into a very important industry for the State. The waters of the Halifax and Indian rivers are equally prolific with the scaly tribe. It is not expec ted that one person can answer all the questions put, but every one that can give information on a single point should do so. To the Agriculturists of Florida. Remember this is your paper.— Give us the benefit of your experi ence to assist others who have re cently settled here. If you are at a loss and want information ask for it, if we cannot give it ourselves, we have some of the best informed men in the world, on the list of sub scribers, who can do so. You must support us, for we have placed the paper at a price to suit the times, and it is only a large circulation that will enable us to make it remunera tive. Take the paper yourselves and induce your neighbors and friends to do so. We will help you, and you must help us. Any one sending us ten subscribers will get the paper free for himself. —The Fruit crop of the U. S. for 1877 amounted in value to $140,000,. 000, or about one-half of the outcome from cereals. Fruit of every species and climate is now raised in this coun try, the vine prospering finely and the oranges of Florida and California surpassing those of Italy and Spain. —Lord Lytton, Viceroy of India, offers 140,000 native troops in case of war. Work for June. We may look for the rainy season this month, this however will not pre vent work on the farm. Showers of an hour or two duration fall almost every day and then the weather gets clear. Rice can he planted the 15th of the month, and good returns will be had ' if you can keep off the birds, which are very destructive when the grain begins to ripen. Plant Guinea grass after the showers, and plant out plen ty of it so as to do away with paying such vast sums of money for hay. Para grass can be plauted at any time as moist lands are best suited to it. Put out tomato plants for fall crops, and shade from the sun until they get rooted. Scuppernong grapes can be pruned this month, but most peo ple prefer to do so in July. Some advocate the planting of celery seed in cold frames iu this month, hut we prefer doing so in July; however take care and procure your seed in time. Hart, Benham fc Cos. of Jacksonville, who are reliable seedsman, can tell you what are the best varieties, and furnish the seed. Put in a large crop of sweet potatoes, white and red West ludics are iho most prolific, but nansemonds and yams are the most marketable. However plant plenty, and if you cannot sell, there is no better feed for your horse, cow, pig aud poultry. For the horse ar.d cow chop them up and sprinkle salt over them, for pigs and poultry boil them. Plant cow peas for fodder and fertil izing, they make more vine this month than they do planted in July, but not so much seed. Orange trees can be budded as they make their second and strongest growth this month.— Train the young shoot to make a large top to your tree, this can be done Viy inserting a wedge between the trunk and the shoot, to throw out the toj) as soon as the latter gets hard euough to handle. Cork makes the best wedge as It do'es not briTise' 1 the bark; the wedge can be removed as soon as the branch takes the re quired position. Give your orange trees as spreading a top as possible, and have large lower limbs; keep the trunk, for eighteen inches up. free of succors, by rubbing them off with your hands, and wedge out with the cork all those that have a tendency to hug the trunk. Those trees that grow like bramble bushes, in the low er part, are not good bearers; one well formed tree will produce more than a dozen of them. An orange tree takes seven years, after it comes into beariug, before it comes to ma turity, and can be called a full bear er. It is a surface feeding plant therefore in the old groves the roots should not be disturbed. The best Peruvian Guano should be sprinkled around the tree, at the rate of two pounds to a tree, aud touched in with a Dutch hoe, in showery weather; both tree and fruit by this treatment will, be beautifully clean. This the prac tice of the orange growers of Para matta, and many of their trees pro duce 12,000 oranges in a season.— Persian iusect powder will destry the scale insect, we have tried it with success ia our small grove, since a former article was written. There was scale insect on two of the trees when we took the grove, and we im mediately used the powder, through bellows; two days after we repeated the application, and fonnd the insect had no sign of life, even the ants had left the trees. We then syringed the tree with a solution sal soda, four ounces of soda to a gallon of water, and the insect pest was past. It would be well to fertilize the tree at the same time. Will others let us know the result of their experiments, et us know what success they have iad with other products plauted in June. THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. How to Live Ln Florida. || Food. The cry among the people who have come here to settle and grow oranges is, * How can we live until our groves come into bearing; what can we do to make money to sup port our families ?” The fact is the extravagance en gendered by the war, has quite unfit ted people to cope with adversity. For years past work has been plenti ful at high prices, and they never deigned to practice home economics. If anything was wanted, however simple, that might be produced in the cottage garden, it was easier to send the money and buy it. Times have changed, and we are now down to hard pan] how to get throgh it is the riddle. We commence a series of articles, which will be produced from time to time, and hope that some good may result. We are not going to write theories, but facts that we have seen ourselves and that at times we have been obliged to follow, when poverty knocked at the door. We will tell you how people manage in other countries with climate similar to this, and where they have little money, and no market, to buy anything. The planters of the West Indies were impoverished by the manumis sion of their slaves, aud had to find out how to live on their own resour ces, so now the question is not “ what can I send to market for ? ” hut “ what can I send to market to bring me in money ? ” In the first place we con demn the folly of any person of lim ited means burdening themselves with too much land, five to ten acres is sufficient; and this is capable with industry Of supporting any family in I comfort. It is quite a mistaken idea that chickens cannot be raised without corn. The planters in many parts of the island ;of Jamaica raise great quant.life's 1 ofF"c?ftro’ailift' cut ln smfilT* pieces that the fowls can swallow, and those that have no coooanuts boil Tanyahs and cut it up in the same way. Thi chickens do not know corn, and if you threw some to them, would think you were pelting them with pebbles. In the sweet potatoe we have an excellent substitute equal, if not superior to the cocoanut or the Tanyah. The Irish pork is found all over the world, and brings the high est price in the market. The pigs in Ireland do not know corn, they are fed on Irish potatoes grown in the garden patch, in which every cottager grows sufficient for his family and pig, for master pig is an important factor in the household economy, for he has to pay the rent of the cottage; and often sleeps with the children or very near them. West India pork is noted for its delicacy, yet the pigs never know corn; they are fed on boiled Tanyah , fruit and vegetables. The sweet potatoe has more nourish ment than these. The waste patches between the rails of a five acre field can he planted in Guinea grass, and will give more food than a cow can eat in a year; with the addition of a peck of sweet potatoes daily, chopped up and sprinkled with salt, even a Flori da.cow can be made to give more milk and butter tliau a family can oonsume. You may go into a hundred houses in some parts of the tropics, and never find a pound of flour, all the bread used is made from cassava; a row or two planted in the field will give more bread than a family can consume. Here you have chickens, egg*) bacon, fresh milk and butter, all from an acre or two of sweet po tatoes: bread from the cassava, aud if you want puddings, it will make delicious ones. Here is good sub stantial food for any family, and plen ty of it, from an article almost as ea sily raised as weeds. You can have vegetables from your garden all the year round, and an overplus to sell to your richer neighbors. You can have vegetables of different kinds every day of the year. For fruit, there are blackberries and wortleberries grow ing wild in abundance, and you can dry some and put by for future use. Your peaches and plums will begin to bear the second year. Do you desire canvass back ducks from the Dele ware, grouse from the West, or sal mon from the Columbia? Wait un til your grove comes to maturity and you can have them and much more. But by that time you will have learn ed that you can live in Florida, and handsomely too, if you will keep your eyes open, and practice economy. In a future number we will show you how to get clothes, and things necessary for the housewife. J. F. T. on Grasses. Our correspondent, J. F. TANARUS., has evidently mistaken some other grass for the para, as we know there is a wild grass here closely resembling it; so there is a wild grass very similar to the Guinea grass in appearance, but both are sour and cattle do not relish them. We can corroborate everything that Mr. Hart said about the para grass, having cultivated it for years. It is the very fact of its being a sweet grass adapted to marshy lands, that is a novelty and makes it so valuable. There are no grasses indigenous to this State that have equal nourishing properties to the two above named. Can J. F. T. work bis horse or mule here with crab grass alone, without giving corn or oats ? Yet those animals work in the tropics from year to year without even knowing the value of grain and whose food consist of the grasses. We, however, advocate the propa gation of our native crab grass, and have done so for years, for it grows naturally and requires little cultiva tion. There are numbers of people who of late have turned their atten tion to this matter and never pur chase hay, but make their own from the crab grass. Col. F. L. Dancy, a near neighbor of J. F. TANARUS., keeps a piece of land entirely for that pur pose, and he never buys hay. Mr. C. D. Brigham is another enterpris ing N ortheru gentleman who makes all his own hay. Yet this does not detract from the value of other grasses, for both Guinea and para will give five times as much as the crab grass to the acre. We never knew a horse to refuse eating the para grass stems, in fact that is the valuable part, for the leaf is of little account. When we first brought it to this country there was some quite dried up in the bundle, and every horse we offered it to in Jacksonville devoured it greedily, yet they had never seen it previously. Real Estate Agents. There is no class so abused in the community as those who make it a business to deal in real estate, yet we do not see why it should be so. They stand between the seller and purcha ser and often to the advantage of the latter, for there are many people who have property for sale, that are entirly ignorant of the value, and ask such extravagant prices, that would make it unsalable. Again there are others who are so ignorant of the value of what they require, that if left to themselves they would be at the mercy of sharpers. They can no more be blamed for doing their duty to their client, than a lawyer would be for defending bis client in a case at law. True there are dishonest men among them, as in all other bus iness, but there are many worthy men carrying on this, who are truly honest and conscientious. Abused as they are, to them we aro indebted for at tracting settlers to now States and opening new fields of enterprises, which would otherwise have remain undeveloped. It is to them that the State owes its prosperity; for many parts that are now being settled have remained unknown for a long time, had not the real estate agent seen his benefit by advertising it largely. They adver tise the goods they have to sell, and. praise them; does not a merchant do the same ? Wc have reason to know that thousands of dollars have been saved to purchasers by having tlieir business transacted by a respectable agent. For one who has been cheat ed, hundreds have been benefited by them. They can tell the intended purchaser just where to find what he requires, without the expense of traveling, to search out for themselves. We are not making ourselves the champion of a parcel of scoundrels who debase the calling and feed on the unwary, and who are well known to the public. We defend any who we know to be worthy men, and con duct the business on honest princi ples, and who we wish to see prosper, but who are injured by the odium that clings to the profession. THE VALUE OF PARA GRASS DENIED. I'fjjkbal Point, May is. 1878. Pn. Fla. Agriculturist A copy of your first issue of May 15. has beau placed in my hands for perusal, and while admir ing the pluck and energy that has called tho paper into renewed existence, to say nothing of the benefits that may arise from its publication, I am forced by well formed opinions not to agree to all that may be printed in its columns. I refer to the essay read before the Jacksonville Horticultural Union by A. F. Stples, wherein lie intro duced a letter from Kdmund 11. Hart on para grass. Mr. Hart says, "Others admit its foreign origin, but with true know nothing spirit rofuse to believe that any thing foreign can be more valuable than the indigenous products of our own soil,' - ’ &c. My experience as a farmer and stock raiser in the Northern States is, that all grasses grown upon swampy land inclines to be sour and of much less value for stock than itiut grown on high* ami ll rta.p ■ij.itp.- Also, that when you leave the northern temperatezoue and travel south, the grasses deteriorate in quality as you proceed, and the climax is reached at the equator, I am, therefore, forced to the opiiiion that the indigenous grasses of Florida are pref erable to those of South America or the West India Islands, or in fact to any point south of us. Para grass will grow iu Florida, but my observation forces me to tho con clusion that if one-half the labor was de voted to the cultivation of native grasses that is necessary to bo given to para grass, much better results would be obtained than with it. The para grass has a long, hollow, woody stalk, as hard as wood aiul iust as unlit for forage; there is nothing nutritious or strength giving about it, ex cepting its few leaves, and those near the end; ra fact, stock cannot be foreed to eat the stalks at all. Its roots form a perfect net work under ground, and is in my opin ion unixierminable, rendering the land once planted with it unfit for any other crop. Then why attempt to introduce this worse than useless grass to the exclusion of our native grasses that are certainly far superior in quality ? Any piece of laud where para grass can be grown will produce a fine quality, for this country, of native grass, with simply the trouble of clearing the land and giving it surface cultivation. It will not grow all the winter, 'tis true, neither will para grass, and the provident farmer will be careful to harvest at the proper season, his winter’s supply'. J. P. T. —Dr. Lancaster met with quite .serious accident at Beresford a few days sine, lu stepping into his gig from the porch of Colcord & Felt's store bis horse shyed. throwing him to the ground and fracturing the small hone of the right leg near the ankle. The injury is not as severe as at first apprehended, although rather painful. The Doctor manages to get around with the assistance of a couple of canoe. —Our advertising columns this week show “An Eye Opener” from Capt. Alex ander, at Beresford. The Captain is well posted os to the kind of goods to select, and has a full stook of just such groceries as is needed in this community. Those who go to Alexander’s Landing should r ot. fail to oall no him ; for cash he will sell on a very close margin. —Mr. Herman Brown has received four pounds of Japan tea seed from the Agricul tural Departmeut at Washington. He proposes to experiment in the culture of that valuable plant.