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The Florida agriculturist. (DeLand, Fla.) 1878-1911, May 29, 1878, Image 4

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All letters on business should be ad
dressed to Kilkoff & Dean. Publishers,
and all matters connected with the Edito
rial Department to Editor Florida Agri
culturist, T>-‘L,aiAd, Fin.
TERMSs
TWO DOLLARS a Year, iu Advance.
Single copies. Five cents.
A copy to the setter-up of a club of ten.
Subscriptions should be sent by draft,
postofflee money order on Jacksonville, or
registered letter, otherwise the publishers
will not be responsible in case of loss.
Advertising Bates t
Rates for advertisements furnished on
application by letter or in person.
To Correspondents.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected
manuscripts.
All communications intended for publica
tion must be accompanied with real name,
as a guarantee of good faith. Names will
not be published if objection be made. No
anonymous contributions will be regarded.
I’UBLISHKED EVERY WEDNESDAY.
KILKOFF A DEAN, Publishers.
C. CODRINGTOIf, Editor.
DeLAND, MAY 29, 1878.
Fourth of July!
A meeting of the citizens of De-
Land, Spring Garden, Orange City,
Beresford and the surrounding coun
try will be held at the School House
in this place on Saturday, June Bth,
at 3 o’clock P. M. for the purpose of
making suitable arrangements for the
the celebration of our National Holli
day (July 4th.) We hope the good
people of the whole county will be
on hand.
Our Fisheries.
We publish on the iirst page a
communication sent to the Sun and
JPress of Jacksonville, by Dr. C. G.
Ken worthy, better known as a writer
under the non de phone of “A1 Fresco.”
He has repeatedly visited the Gull
coast, and witnessed the immense
quantities of fish that inhabit those
waters, and the profitable puposes to
which they might be put. The sub
ject is one that may yet be developed
into a very important industry for
the State. The waters of the Halifax
and Indian rivers are equally prolific
with the scaly tribe. It is not expec
ted that one person can answer all
the questions put, but every one that
can give information on a single point
should do so.
To the Agriculturists of Florida.
Remember this is your paper.—
Give us the benefit of your experi
ence to assist others who have re
cently settled here. If you are at a
loss and want information ask for it,
if we cannot give it ourselves, we
have some of the best informed men
in the world, on the list of sub
scribers, who can do so. You must
support us, for we have placed the
paper at a price to suit the times,
and it is only a large circulation that
will enable us to make it remunera
tive. Take the paper yourselves and
induce your neighbors and friends to
do so. We will help you, and you
must help us. Any one sending us
ten subscribers will get the paper
free for himself.
—The Fruit crop of the U. S. for
1877 amounted in value to $140,000,.
000, or about one-half of the outcome
from cereals. Fruit of every species
and climate is now raised in this coun
try, the vine prospering finely and
the oranges of Florida and California
surpassing those of Italy and Spain.
—Lord Lytton, Viceroy of India,
offers 140,000 native troops in case
of war.
Work for June.
We may look for the rainy season
this month, this however will not pre
vent work on the farm. Showers of
an hour or two duration fall almost
every day and then the weather gets
clear.
Rice can he planted the 15th of the
month, and good returns will be had
' if you can keep off the birds, which
are very destructive when the grain
begins to ripen. Plant Guinea grass
after the showers, and plant out plen
ty of it so as to do away with paying
such vast sums of money for hay.
Para grass can be plauted at any time
as moist lands are best suited to it.
Put out tomato plants for fall crops,
and shade from the sun until they
get rooted. Scuppernong grapes can
be pruned this month, but most peo
ple prefer to do so in July. Some
advocate the planting of celery seed
in cold frames iu this month, hut we
prefer doing so in July; however take
care and procure your seed in time.
Hart, Benham fc Cos. of Jacksonville,
who are reliable seedsman, can tell
you what are the best varieties, and
furnish the seed. Put in a large crop
of sweet potatoes, white and red
West ludics are iho most prolific,
but nansemonds and yams are the
most marketable. However plant
plenty, and if you cannot sell, there is
no better feed for your horse, cow, pig
aud poultry. For the horse ar.d cow
chop them up and sprinkle salt over
them, for pigs and poultry boil them.
Plant cow peas for fodder and fertil
izing, they make more vine this month
than they do planted in July, but not
so much seed. Orange trees can be
budded as they make their second
and strongest growth this month.—
Train the young shoot to make a
large top to your tree, this can be
done Viy inserting a wedge between
the trunk and the shoot, to throw
out the toj) as soon as the latter gets
hard euough to handle. Cork makes
the best wedge as It do'es not briTise' 1
the bark; the wedge can be removed
as soon as the branch takes the re
quired position. Give your orange
trees as spreading a top as possible,
and have large lower limbs; keep the
trunk, for eighteen inches up. free of
succors, by rubbing them off with
your hands, and wedge out with the
cork all those that have a tendency
to hug the trunk. Those trees that
grow like bramble bushes, in the low
er part, are not good bearers; one
well formed tree will produce more
than a dozen of them. An orange
tree takes seven years, after it comes
into beariug, before it comes to ma
turity, and can be called a full bear
er. It is a surface feeding plant
therefore in the old groves the roots
should not be disturbed. The best
Peruvian Guano should be sprinkled
around the tree, at the rate of two
pounds to a tree, aud touched in with
a Dutch hoe, in showery weather; both
tree and fruit by this treatment will,
be beautifully clean. This the prac
tice of the orange growers of Para
matta, and many of their trees pro
duce 12,000 oranges in a season.—
Persian iusect powder will destry the
scale insect, we have tried it with
success ia our small grove, since a
former article was written. There
was scale insect on two of the trees
when we took the grove, and we im
mediately used the powder, through
bellows; two days after we repeated
the application, and fonnd the insect
had no sign of life, even the ants had
left the trees. We then syringed
the tree with a solution sal soda, four
ounces of soda to a gallon of water,
and the insect pest was past. It
would be well to fertilize the tree at
the same time. Will others let us
know the result of their experiments,
et us know what success they have
iad with other products plauted in
June.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
How to Live Ln Florida.
|| Food.
The cry among the people who
have come here to settle and grow
oranges is, * How can we live until
our groves come into bearing; what
can we do to make money to sup
port our families ?”
The fact is the extravagance en
gendered by the war, has quite unfit
ted people to cope with adversity.
For years past work has been plenti
ful at high prices, and they never
deigned to practice home economics.
If anything was wanted, however
simple, that might be produced in
the cottage garden, it was easier to
send the money and buy it. Times
have changed, and we are now down
to hard pan] how to get throgh it
is the riddle.
We commence a series of articles,
which will be produced from time to
time, and hope that some good may
result. We are not going to write
theories, but facts that we have seen
ourselves and that at times we have
been obliged to follow, when poverty
knocked at the door. We will tell
you how people manage in other
countries with climate similar to this,
and where they have little money,
and no market, to buy anything.
The planters of the West Indies
were impoverished by the manumis
sion of their slaves, aud had to find
out how to live on their own resour
ces, so now the question is not “ what
can I send to market for ? ” hut “ what
can I send to market to bring me in
money ? ” In the first place we con
demn the folly of any person of lim
ited means burdening themselves
with too much land, five to ten acres
is sufficient; and this is capable with
industry Of supporting any family in I
comfort.
It is quite a mistaken idea that
chickens cannot be raised without
corn. The planters in many parts of
the island ;of Jamaica raise great
quant.life's 1 ofF"c?ftro’ailift' cut ln smfilT*
pieces that the fowls can swallow, and
those that have no coooanuts boil
Tanyahs and cut it up in the same
way. Thi chickens do not know
corn, and if you threw some to them,
would think you were pelting them
with pebbles. In the sweet potatoe
we have an excellent substitute equal,
if not superior to the cocoanut or the
Tanyah. The Irish pork is found all
over the world, and brings the high
est price in the market. The pigs in
Ireland do not know corn, they are
fed on Irish potatoes grown in the
garden patch, in which every cottager
grows sufficient for his family and
pig, for master pig is an important
factor in the household economy, for
he has to pay the rent of the cottage;
and often sleeps with the children or
very near them. West India pork is
noted for its delicacy, yet the pigs
never know corn; they are fed on
boiled Tanyah , fruit and vegetables.
The sweet potatoe has more nourish
ment than these. The waste patches
between the rails of a five acre field
can he planted in Guinea grass, and
will give more food than a cow can
eat in a year; with the addition of a peck
of sweet potatoes daily, chopped up
and sprinkled with salt, even a Flori
da.cow can be made to give more milk
and butter tliau a family can oonsume.
You may go into a hundred houses
in some parts of the tropics, and
never find a pound of flour, all the
bread used is made from cassava; a
row or two planted in the field will
give more bread than a family can
consume. Here you have chickens,
egg*) bacon, fresh milk and butter,
all from an acre or two of sweet po
tatoes: bread from the cassava, aud
if you want puddings, it will make
delicious ones. Here is good sub
stantial food for any family, and plen
ty of it, from an article almost as ea
sily raised as weeds. You can have
vegetables from your garden all the
year round, and an overplus to sell to
your richer neighbors. You can have
vegetables of different kinds every
day of the year. For fruit, there are
blackberries and wortleberries grow
ing wild in abundance, and you can
dry some and put by for future use.
Your peaches and plums will begin to
bear the second year. Do you desire
canvass back ducks from the Dele
ware, grouse from the West, or sal
mon from the Columbia? Wait un
til your grove comes to maturity and
you can have them and much more.
But by that time you will have learn
ed that you can live in Florida, and
handsomely too, if you will keep your
eyes open, and practice economy. In a
future number we will show you how
to get clothes, and things necessary
for the housewife.
J. F. T. on Grasses.
Our correspondent, J. F. TANARUS., has
evidently mistaken some other grass
for the para, as we know there is a
wild grass here closely resembling it;
so there is a wild grass very similar
to the Guinea grass in appearance,
but both are sour and cattle do not
relish them. We can corroborate
everything that Mr. Hart said about
the para grass, having cultivated it
for years. It is the very fact of
its being a sweet grass adapted to
marshy lands, that is a novelty and
makes it so valuable. There are no
grasses indigenous to this State that
have equal nourishing properties to
the two above named. Can J. F. T.
work bis horse or mule here with
crab grass alone, without giving corn
or oats ? Yet those animals work in
the tropics from year to year without
even knowing the value of grain and
whose food consist of the grasses.
We, however, advocate the propa
gation of our native crab grass, and
have done so for years, for it grows
naturally and requires little cultiva
tion. There are numbers of people
who of late have turned their atten
tion to this matter and never pur
chase hay, but make their own from
the crab grass. Col. F. L. Dancy, a
near neighbor of J. F. TANARUS., keeps a
piece of land entirely for that pur
pose, and he never buys hay. Mr.
C. D. Brigham is another enterpris
ing N ortheru gentleman who makes
all his own hay. Yet this does not
detract from the value of other
grasses, for both Guinea and para
will give five times as much as the
crab grass to the acre. We never
knew a horse to refuse eating the
para grass stems, in fact that is the
valuable part, for the leaf is of little
account. When we first brought it
to this country there was some quite
dried up in the bundle, and every
horse we offered it to in Jacksonville
devoured it greedily, yet they had
never seen it previously.
Real Estate Agents.
There is no class so abused in the
community as those who make it a
business to deal in real estate, yet we
do not see why it should be so. They
stand between the seller and purcha
ser and often to the advantage of
the latter, for there are many people
who have property for sale, that are
entirly ignorant of the value, and ask
such extravagant prices, that would
make it unsalable. Again there are
others who are so ignorant of the
value of what they require, that if left
to themselves they would be at the
mercy of sharpers. They can no
more be blamed for doing their duty
to their client, than a lawyer would
be for defending bis client in a case
at law. True there are dishonest
men among them, as in all other bus
iness, but there are many worthy men
carrying on this, who are truly honest
and conscientious. Abused as they
are, to them we aro indebted for at
tracting settlers to now States and
opening new fields of enterprises,
which would otherwise have remain
undeveloped.
It is to them that the State owes
its prosperity; for many parts that
are now being settled have remained
unknown for a long time, had not the
real estate agent seen his benefit by
advertising it largely. They adver
tise the goods they have to sell, and.
praise them; does not a merchant do
the same ? Wc have reason to know
that thousands of dollars have been
saved to purchasers by having tlieir
business transacted by a respectable
agent. For one who has been cheat
ed, hundreds have been benefited by
them. They can tell the intended
purchaser just where to find what
he requires, without the expense of
traveling, to search out for themselves.
We are not making ourselves the
champion of a parcel of scoundrels
who debase the calling and feed on
the unwary, and who are well known
to the public. We defend any who
we know to be worthy men, and con
duct the business on honest princi
ples, and who we wish to see prosper,
but who are injured by the odium
that clings to the profession.
THE VALUE OF PARA GRASS
DENIED.
I'fjjkbal Point, May is. 1878.
Pn. Fla. Agriculturist A copy of
your first issue of May 15. has beau placed
in my hands for perusal, and while admir
ing the pluck and energy that has called
tho paper into renewed existence, to say
nothing of the benefits that may arise from
its publication, I am forced by well formed
opinions not to agree to all that may be
printed in its columns. I refer to the essay
read before the Jacksonville Horticultural
Union by A. F. Stples, wherein lie intro
duced a letter from Kdmund 11. Hart on
para grass. Mr. Hart says, "Others admit
its foreign origin, but with true know
nothing spirit rofuse to believe that any
thing foreign can be more valuable than the
indigenous products of our own soil,' - ’ &c.
My experience as a farmer and stock
raiser in the Northern States is, that all
grasses grown upon swampy land inclines
to be sour and of much less value for stock
than itiut grown on high* ami ll rta.p ■ij.itp.-
Also, that when you leave the northern
temperatezoue and travel south, the grasses
deteriorate in quality as you proceed, and
the climax is reached at the equator, I
am, therefore, forced to the opiiiion that
the indigenous grasses of Florida are pref
erable to those of South America or the
West India Islands, or in fact to any point
south of us. Para grass will grow iu Florida,
but my observation forces me to tho con
clusion that if one-half the labor was de
voted to the cultivation of native grasses
that is necessary to bo given to para grass,
much better results would be obtained
than with it. The para grass has a long,
hollow, woody stalk, as hard as wood aiul
iust as unlit for forage; there is nothing
nutritious or strength giving about it, ex
cepting its few leaves, and those near the
end; ra fact, stock cannot be foreed to eat
the stalks at all. Its roots form a perfect
net work under ground, and is in my opin
ion unixierminable, rendering the land
once planted with it unfit for any other
crop. Then why attempt to introduce this
worse than useless grass to the exclusion
of our native grasses that are certainly far
superior in quality ? Any piece of laud
where para grass can be grown will produce
a fine quality, for this country, of native
grass, with simply the trouble of clearing
the land and giving it surface cultivation.
It will not grow all the winter, 'tis true,
neither will para grass, and the provident
farmer will be careful to harvest at the
proper season, his winter’s supply'.
J. P. T.
—Dr. Lancaster met with quite .serious
accident at Beresford a few days sine, lu
stepping into his gig from the porch of
Colcord & Felt's store bis horse shyed.
throwing him to the ground and fracturing
the small hone of the right leg near the
ankle. The injury is not as severe as at first
apprehended, although rather painful. The
Doctor manages to get around with the
assistance of a couple of canoe.
—Our advertising columns this week
show “An Eye Opener” from Capt. Alex
ander, at Beresford. The Captain is well
posted os to the kind of goods to select,
and has a full stook of just such groceries
as is needed in this community. Those
who go to Alexander’s Landing should r ot.
fail to oall no him ; for cash he will sell on a
very close margin.
—Mr. Herman Brown has received four
pounds of Japan tea seed from the Agricul
tural Departmeut at Washington. He
proposes to experiment in the culture of
that valuable plant.

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