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The Florida Agriculturist.
Vol. 1. Content* of this Number. i’Ke 35—Queensland Acclimatisation Society* Fane 3fi—Sweet Seventeen, poetry: Little I 3y Bine, poetry: Jealousy; Recipes. rase 37—An Interview with Death; •Some Notable Duels; Advertisements, Tasa 38—Editorials; Useful Products and Fruits ; Our Celebration— Wash tor <orange Trees; Locals. Page‘3o—Opinionsot ths Press: Floridi -3i ua; Adrertisments. Page PO—Orange County Fair Associa tion: A Few industry; Mushroom Spawn : Piormuda Onion seed; Yard Manure; Early Potatoes; How to make Cows give Milk; Doctors. Sun and Air: Legal Advertise ments Page 31—How She Fixed Him; Not if it wasHty Boy: Insects iu Flour ; Advertise ments. Page S3—Telegraphic ; Advertisements. QUEENSLAND ACGUMATISITI9N SOCIETY. The annual meeting of members of 'the Queensland Acclimatisation Soci >ety was held at the office of the Na tional Association yesterday. Sir Maurice O’Connell, president, occu pied the chair, and there were pres ent —Messrs. Bernavs (v ice presidents J. G. Vidgen (secretary), A. Raff, .T. Fenwick (treasurer), W. Brookes, W. Senior, George Hall, John Baynes, K. Price, Ac. The secretary at the request of the chairman, read the follow imr Report pop. the Year 177. Growing Popularity of the iSociety. The council, in presenting their twelfth annual report, do so with the pleasant consciousness that it is the record of continued success in the transactions of the society, and con sequently of .increased usefulness to the community. JTJiey are. able also with the gratification which naturally flows from the recognition by those benefited of purely philanthropic ef forts in their behalf, to assure the society of a growing appreciation of | the excellence of its objects, and of | increased popularity among the com munity in all parts of the colony. Foreign Relations. Our foreign relations have been well maintained where they were pre viously established, while new con nections of no slight promise have been formed during the year. In ■order that the extensive ramifications •of our foreign correspondence may be understood, the following list is fur nished of new countries and localities with which active communication is maintained. These are as follows: Africa—Capetown. Natal. Algiers. India —Assam, Bangalore, Bnrmah. Calcutta, Codoor, Lucknow. Madras, Poena, Sahar il n pur, Sind. United States of America— California, Connecticut. Georgia, Louisi ana. Illinois, Massachusetts, Missouri, New York, New Jersey, Washington. Azores. Batavia. Brazil, Belgium, Canada. Ceylon, Cbili, Egypt, England, Fiji, Gibraltar. Germany, Hongkong, Hungary, Honduras, Honolulu. Jamaica. Japan, Mauritius, New Guinea, New Zealand, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Perak, Singapore, Smyrna, Siam, Spain, Tasmania, Trinidad, Victoria, Western Australia, West Indies, Zanzibar. In -some of the countries named correspondence is maintained with more than one locality, while in other places the society has several corres pondents. The* satisfactory nature of the relations existing can be gath ered from the files of letters received, and from the press-letter books, by any member who has the leisure and curiosity to peruse them. Acdimatisabion in Tropical Queens land. The hot,moist coast lands of North ern Queensland are providing a home for many of the society’s tropical in troductions. A teak tree on the Lower Herbert, four years after plant ing from a flower pot, has attained a height of 25 feet, covering a space of 15 feet. The weeping fig of India, the jaca, and others, are making noble trees there, and even further south: cinnamon, clove, pepper, nutmeg, and other things that will not suit Bris bane, are reported as growing with vigor from Rockingham Bay north wards ; while the cashew net, which A JOURNAL DEVOTED TO STATE INTMEsTS, s uccunibs to a Brisbane winter, grows there like a weed. The knowledge I how far the society’s anxiously sus | tinned efforts of many years have been i successful is now rapidly on the in i crease; so far the results are most satisfactory to the council, and must 1 be highly gratifying to the members generally. Islands on the Coast. Through the instrumentalit y of the officers of 11. M. surveying schooner Rear], the council have been able to continue in 1877 the operation of plant ing useful trees upon the different un inhabited islands of the coast where soil and other conditions have afford ed reasonable hope that they would grow to maturity. Relation# with Agricultural and In dustrial Associations of Queensland. j The relations of the society with if s tenants, the National Agricultural j and Industrial Association, have been Aiost harmonious, and, it is thought, mutually advantageous. The society exerted itself, with admitted success, to assist in making the exhibition of ■he year attractive; while the garden operations have been so shaped as to •repare for even more effective aid at , nliat of 1878. Some portion of the mentals paid by ihe association has been specially devoted towards this Object. fpeckrl Prizes at Exhibition of 1878. In order further to promote con ' cert of action for the promotion of Such of the objects of the two bodies gs are analogous, the following special prizes, to be given by this society at the next exhibition have been offered to and accepted by the association: t. £5 58. for flic best collection of fodder plants for winter feed, including: prick ly conifry. bine and urairie grass, but excluding gucli .I bar ■f *- finable, so as to allow of competition from a distance. 3. £5 ss, for the best three bushels of rye. 3, £s Bs. for the best collection of roots for winter feed. 4. £8 8. for best cured tobacco leaf, not less than 30 lb. in weight. Bowen Park Lease Act. With the concurrence of the trus tees of the society an Act of the Leg islature has been passed under which the association can obtain an extend ed lease of the land they occupy.— The terms of such lease are, however, not laid down by the Act, and no ac tion has yet been taken in the matter. Request to the Society. The first bequest by will was made to the society during 1877, and, al though small in amount, was a grati fying occurrence under the attendant circumstances, evidencing, as it did in an unexpected quarter, the recog nition of the society as an established institution of the colony. Fiji, JYeio Caledonia, etc. The transactions with Fiji, New Caledonia, the South Sea Island, and also with extreme Northem Queens land and the adjacent islands, have been numerous and interesting. Al though the importations from those parts have taken the diruction rather of ornamental plants than of plants of economic value, they have placed the society in a commanding position to exchange with Eastern countries as well as with wealthy amateurs elsewhere for introductions of a more practical character. Diseases in Grape Vijies Act. A number of grape vines, from a part of Italy not remote from scenes of devastation by phylloxera vastatrix, having been imported by private en terprise, during the early part of the year, the council conceived it to be their duty to invite the attention of the government to the danger which ■light arise from such sources of des troying the flourishing and rising in dustry of wine growing in Queens land ; and, while it is unnecessary to recount the history of their action, die council claim for the society the credit of having been largely instru mental in the passing of the Aqt which has lately become law, and which regulates the importation ot DeLaiicl, Florida, Wednesday, June 6, 1878. wines from whatever source arriving in the colony. Alarms of Plant JJmeabt, The year has been soiifCvvhat re markable lor the number of alarms raised ot new diseases in plants upon which dependsthe livelihood of a large number of colonists. Investigation lias fortunately proved ih each in stance tiiat the appearance has been caused by some temporary influence of atmosphere, soil, or weather; and no new enemy to success in the oc cupation of tilling the soil jaa* in faot found a footing in Queefl|jbm<L In these investigations the society has not been without its influence. Liberian Coffee. — Co-opetsation of Authorities at Kew. The introduction of Liberiim coffee is fairly accomplished: this p’-omis j ing plant having been successfully i brought to the colony by more than one importer. It was non probable that this society would 0mh.40 do its part in the endeavor to lopt the cli mate of Queensland for a species of coflec suited lor cultivation at the sea level; and after repeated efforts, principally through the the authorities at Kew, ti# soaieW is now in possession of soifjjjbhealfll. plants of Liberian coffee, vral, lie suitably distributed in the snfliig of the present year. The cotuim aft, under obligation to Sir .ToseyWloek er for a number of other plants which have reached the colony for the first time during the vear 1877. Failure to Induce Cultivation of su.lm The efforts made by the council dur ing the year 1870 and 1877, to induce the dinners to take up jute. A a suit able crop, have not been attenfed with the success deserved. LarJwuanti ties of seed w ere imported !, v ivndia and offered *i.r <mn<J •* *&£**—> while information was promulgated upon the growth and preparation of this staple product. As a further means of bringing the subject under notice, a prize of live, guineas was of fered for the best W lb. weight of fibre grown and prepared in the col ony. For this prize there was only one competitor, and, so far as is known, no thought or sustained effort has been made in a single instance to fairly test jute as a crop. Much of the seed imported is on hand, al though freely offered by public ad vertisement, and the oouncil fear that their anxious efforts to benefit the agriculturists of the colony, by plac ing within their reach a new' crop simple of culture, and for which there is a constant market, must so far be regarded as a failure. This is owing, it is believed, entirely to the unac countable prejudice of the farmers against any crop that is new to them, and experiment with which involves patience and the least outlay; and it is probable that, as in the case of sugar, the establishment of jute as a regular crop will not be accomplished except by the aid of some enter prising pioneer, who will take upon himself the entire risk of proving its suitableness for this climate, and the ease with which it is prepared for the market. Prickly Comfrey Still on Trial. Prickly comfery, being more orless an old friend fo our tillers of the soil,, has been received with much more favor, and is being tested by hun dreds of farmers under all sorts of conditions of soil and climate. By means of roots imported by Mr. A. 11. Palmer, and presented to the council, and subsequently by impor tation of their own, they have largely assisted in the distribution of this plant; and have also tested it at Bowen Park. Owing to the continu ous drought it would be manifestly unfair to come to an adverse condu jsion from the results of the first ! season. The plant, moreover, before it becomes profitable, requires to be well established by months of growth in a deep and well drained soil; and under these oonditions it will prob ably be found to perfectly resist pro longed drought, and after rain to possess a recuperative power in ex cess of most other fodder crops, and to give p quicker and heavier return. Ihe council therefore deprecate any hhste in condemning the plant upon the imperfect experience hitherto had of it, believing that under suitable conditions it will prove to have been a valuable introduction. Interchange of Sugar Cane with the Southern States of America. The introduction of sugar canes from the Southern States of America has. in conjunction w'ith the Diseases in Plants Commission, engaged the attention of the council. There has ‘already been one interchange of canes between the two countries, but the enterprise is as yet too new for re port of results. Upon the success which will prove to have attended the recent exportation from Brisbane to Louisiana will depend further ex peritnents; and it is hoped that prac tical good to tho sugar interest may flow from these transactions. In this raffitfr, the colony is chiefly indebted, both for the pvoject and its execution so far, to Mr. Angus Mackav. of the <fteen slander. Demands for Plants by Public Insti tution. The contribution made by the so ciety to public gardens, railway sta tions, cemeteries, schools, municipal ities and other public institutions have . been unusually large; and it is clear that for the future demands of this f class will prove no inconsiderable item in the annual expenditure.— Apart from the benefit to health from the planting of shade trees in streets. and other places of public resort, the council regard the creation of planta tions as encouraging a healthy taste in the community for gardening and tisation and to a knowledge of horti culture. Were the whole of the plants and trees, iuJhis way distribut ed, intelligently treated and cared for, the beneficial insults would be more widespread and more distinctly marked; but from various causes ot accidents, want of skill, and neglect, it is not supposed that a fifth part of the plants, which leave the society’s establishment to fulfil the require ments of public enclosures, survive the various adverse contingencies to which they are subject. This is, of course, greatly to be regreted, but the council <io not see that, after hav ing issued healthy plants properly packed, they can do anything else to conduce to better results. Red Deer on the Increase. The council have more than once during the year received satisfactory evidence of the increase and good condition of the red deer on Cress brook. It has been urged that renew ed efforts should be made to secure a permanent reserve for these valuable animals; but as the experience of the early years of their introduction is satisfactory, and the country where they arc located does not seem to tempt the free selector, no further aotion has been taken. It is thought that as'there is a good deal of rough back country suited to their habits, to which if molested they can retire, the prospects on the whole are good of the permanent establishment of the red deer in Queensland. Contributions to Botanical Science. The transactions of the year will also leave their permanent impress upon the extension of botanical science; partly in the form of actual discoveries by Mr. F. M. Bailey, when engaged in collecting for the society, and partly by the facilities afforded in determining species and in providing herbarium speoimens for the Queensland Museum, from rare botanical subjects flowering for the first time in the society’s gardens, or furnished by its correspondents.— Both the society and Mr. Baily are under great obligations to Baron von Mueller, aa ultimate referee in such cases where there has been doubt or difficulty. Obligations to Shammers. Substantial aid has been received from the owners of steam and sailing vessels during the year in the carry ing of Hhe consignments to and fro. To Some of them tbe society is under deep obligation, not only for their liberality in making no charge for freight, but for much intelligent, and obliging assistance received from their agents, officers, and servants. — It is not to much to say that, wifhout their service, the societies operations would be greatly restricted, and their sphere of usefulness be proportionate ly narrowed. . Jqg Liberality of thf ZMrticuftitrists of, 4 ■ Sidney. The vice-president, having visited Sydney in April last in connection witn the intercolonial exhibition, was able to bring back with him a very large number of plants which greatly ' enriched the society’s collection. The - council desire to record their sense of the open-handed liberality evinced towards the society by both profes sional and amateur horticulturists in and about Sydney; a treatment which they iose no opportunity of recipro cating whenever occasion offers. Condition of Society's Establishment. The society’s grounds are in excel lent condition. The improvements made last year have now had time to , become effective, while the employ ment of the highly trained gardener has resulted in the borders presenting a much more attractive appearance. The same skill has utilised to their full power the glasshouse and frames; and consequently'the spring of 1877 found the stock, of tropical and tend er plants’of the greatest value to the colony, larger and stronger than at any former fhae. Owing to the thorough manner in ; which the work of trenching and draining is carried Jout at BoweD Park, the prolonged drooght has done very little harm; while throughout the summer, despite the wan-of rain, a blaze of flowers has been maintained . Minor Improvements. , An addition to the rookery, the completion of the fountain, and the breeding of goldfish, the ereotion of a wildfowl enclosure and of a fern house are the chief further improve ments made during the year. New Hothouse. The inadequacy of the glass house' accommodation for the increasing re - quirements of the establishment nave determined the council to erect an additional house—to be warmed by hot water pipes—both for propagat ing purposes and for wintering tender stock. The heating apparatus is or dered from England; and, as the building will be ready to receive it; the council hope to nave the new structure ready by next winter. As this improvement will have to be paid for from the ordinary income, the re sources of the society will be strained in effecting it. In permitting them selves to enter upon the work with the expectation of paying for it with out creating a debt, the council cal culate upon receiving for 1878 no less sums in the way of Parliamentary grant and rental than in 1877; and they hope for a considerable increase in the roll of members, and especially of life subscribers. Strong Jtoll of Members the Main Strength of the Society. The usefulness of the society is so well proved, and its claims to support are so high, that the latter expectation will probably be realized; and the council hope this the more, as they are convinced that the main strength of such an institution lies far more in a large and influential body of mem bers than in an income derived from extraneous sources. Fiftv-eight new members have been added to the roll dnring the year under review, a num her comparing favorably with the year 1876, and greatly m excess of any preceding year. Losses from Continued on last page. _ No. 4.