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Orange Comity Fair Association. Booth Florida Journal. Orlando, May 20, 1878. A meeting oi the citizens of Orange .joj nty was called to order at the Conrt House by calling lion. J. Wof ford Tucker to the Chair, and elect ing Fred. L. Robertson and Chae. H. Manger, Secretaries. # The following preamble and set of resolutions drawn up by Fred. L. Robertson and others was read : ■Whereas. The future prosperity o£ our growing county demands that some steps Fss taken to secure a continuance of the gtrouiu of immigration that has flow ed in to cm r county; and Whereas, There arc gathered together in Orange county a large number of intelli gent and cultivated farmers and fruit grow -43,-a who are not united in action; and Whereas. Tins want of unity has hereto fore proven very detrimental to our inter in that we have failed to make a suite fcio exhibit, of the prudne’s et our county at the, different State fairs heretofore ii Id. and that this difficulty cau best be obviated by a County fair, be it therefore Resolved, That we organize ourselves into an Association to be known as tho ■Orange (County Fair Association. Resolved. That this Association he now organized by the election of a ITesident, two Vice Presidents, Recording Secretary. Corresponding Secretary, Treasurer, and fyve menrberH who shall constitute an Bi motive Committee. Resolved, that we pledge ourselves to boidn County fair at such time and place during tnc coming winter as the Executive Committee shall deem m.'st exiiedient. Resolved, That a committee of three be .appointed to prepare a suitable Constitu tion and lSy Laws for tho government of the Association, to be j;r sen ted at the next meeting of the Association. The resolutions were unanimously adopted. The meeting i hen proceed ed to the election ol officers, w ith the following result: President —Gen. Jos. Finnegan. Ist Vice do—Miij. Nathan Norton. 2d Vice do—Cupt. M. E. Brock. R"C. Sec’y—C. 11. M anger. € >r. Se'c’y—F. L. Robertson. Treasurer—M. J. Doyle. Executive Com.—T. W. Shine, \V. H. Holden, Muj. J. N. Whitner. B. M. Sims, J. M. Bryan. The following were appointed a ooTr.mittee to draft a Constitution and ByL uwh for the government of the I Association: T. E. Wilson, G. B. Dickenson, D. L. Way. Capt. Shine called tor an expression from different sections of the county, •which was responded to by words of encouragement from M> ssrs. Fox and "Fries, of Lake Jesup; J. M. Owens, wiFort Mason; Gen. Jos. Finnegan, Maj. Whitner and G. B. Dickenson, of Fort Reid, and T. E. Wilson, of Syivan Lake. After considerable discussion as to the location for the proposed Fair Grounds, (ten. Finnegan suggested that the Executive Committee be left ntrammeled in their selection. On motion, a vote of thanks was tendered the chairman and secretaries •jrf the meeting. On motion, the press of the county were requested to publish the pro ceedings of thw meeting. On motion, adjourned to meet at itatne place next Thursday evening, 23d instant. A New Industry. Anew industry has sprung up in Carbon county, Pa. It is the manu facture of the oils of w intergreen, pennyroyal and sassafras. The first named is made most. The leaves are picked o!i the mountains from early Spring to the fall of the year. This tn itself is quite a profitable occupa- Sion for men women, and children. They are paid from seven and tight swills to a emit a pound for leaves, and H is not unfrequent !v that one person bring* to the distillery '2OO pounds a *y. Mr. Ivuehner has paid as high as §1,600 a year for leaves alone, and lie has never been overstocked with them. The pickers make more at this business than they could make on the railroad or a? almost any other (employment. The work is light, and <he mountains are covered with the tlerb. At t'"e distillery the leaves are put in a large still, covered with water, and steamed. The oil soon In-gins to sink to t he bottom, and after a due time, is drawn off. For this there is a ready market in New York $2 per pound. This is the lowest E'ice at which it has ever been sold. ightecn or twenty years ago it brought §l6 per pound; from 1864 to 1868 it dropped to §7 and $8 per pound, and six years ago it came down to §4. The largest quantity Bade in one year was 625 pounds. It js put up in 25 lb. cans, boxed and shipped. It is used largely in medi cines, sarsaparilla, cream-beer, soaps, foiiet waters, vermifuge, etc. Mushroom Spawn. GARDEN RECEIPTS. Mushroom spawn should, if possi ble, be made early in the spring, as by so doing a sufficient quantity of cow manure—which is the principal ingredient employed—can he collect ed together from the cow sheds before the cows have any green food, as the manure is much stiffer and answers the purpose better than when grass is their principal food. This should be laid in an open shed to dry*, and moved every few days to prevent it heating; to this should be added in equal proportions fresh horse-drop pings, a little loam and some chopped hay or straw. The whole should be well worked together and then trod den down, after which it may be al lowed to remain a few days, when it will require to be turned two or three times a week. If the weather be fine and dry the mass will soon be in a fit condition for moulding into bricks, which process can be performed by using a mould in the same way as the brickmakers, or it may be done in a more simple manner, viz: The manure should be spread to a thickness of six inches theu be firmly trodden and beaten down evenly with the back of the spade. It should then be lined out to the required size of the bricks, and be cut with a sharp spade or turfing iron. fn a few days the bricks will-be sufficiently dry to handle, when they should he set up edgeways to dry thoroughly, and if exposed to the sun for two or three days they will be ready to receive the spawn. In introducing the spawn two holes should be cut in each brick at equal distances, the holes being of such a size as to admit a piece of spawn as large as a pigeon's egg. This should be well beaten in and the surface made even with a little manure.— When the process of spawning is completed, the bricks should be col lected together in a heap and covered with enough short manure to cause a gentle heat, being careful that there is no rank heat or steam to kill the spawn. This must be carefully at tended to until such time as the spawn is found to hav e penetrated through the whole of the bricks, after which they should be staked away in any convenient, dry place. The spaw in the first place is generally procured from nurserymen, but it can be gath ered from meadows where there are cattle tracks; it may easily be dis covered by breaking up some of the soil, having the appearance of a white mould and smelling exactly like mush rooms. This will retain its vegeta tive power for years, if it be kept dry. It is advisable at tin e* to procure a change cf spawn, as this, like most other vegetables, gets worn out in time. A well known mushroom grower gives a somewhat different receipt: “Six barrow loads of cow manure, two barrow loads of horse droppings, and oneof loam should be well mixed and beaten. This may be done on the floor of an open shed, and when firm the mass should he made into cakes eight inches square; these should be placed on edge to dry in an airy shed, and should be frequently turned. Of course the bricks must be protected from rain. When half dry make a hole two inches square in the side of each brick, and pls.ee in it some good old spawn, inserting it so deep as to be a little below the sur face. Cover up the hole with a little of the compost of which the bricks arc made. When the bricks are nearly dry place them on end in a dry shed, piling them one on the other with spaces between thjni.— Cover them over with hot .manure, keeping it on for three weeks or a month ; the temperature should not, however, exceed 00“ or 65° Fahren heit. If the manure show signs of heating the bricks too much the cov ering must be reduced so as to reduce the temperature. The spawn will soon begin to run through the bricks, and when it appears at the surface in the form of a white mould they should be removed and allowed to finish dry ing in order to arrest its growth till it is required for use." —“Now is the time for husking be a,” shouts an exchange. “ All right," f.i> etioußly remarks the New Smyrna <Sffar, “if any one wants to husk a bee he can do so. We don’t." THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. The Bermuda Onion Seed. Sow in drills ten inches apart as thinly as practicable. Let the seed plants be thoroughly prepared and well fertilized. If the sun is very hot at the time the plants are springing, shade and water them. When the plant grows to the size of a goose quill or larger, it is ready to he trails planted. If sown by the 20th of Oc tober, the plants can be taken up and set in beds, say. by the 20th of De cember. The bqds are four feet wide, with narrow footpaths between, and the ground prepared in the best style. Set. the plants iu drills ten to twelve, or fourteen inches apart, and at least eight inches distant one from the other in the drill. Keep out the weeds and grass. Break only the surface of the ground in cultivating. Deep culture will cut or break the fine onion l'oots. As the onion grows to half size or more,remove the topsoil immediately in contact with the bulb, and give it room to enlarge. This last direction may be omitted, hut this is the Ber muda style. When full grown, pull the onions up and let them lie in the sun a day or more, and it will absorb the substance from the top ami be come round and plump. Then cut off the shrivelled top with a sharp knife, and pack the onions, dry and without bruising, in suitable pack ages, say bushel packages, or a little more, and ship p> Jacksonville, Sa vannah, Charleston, Augusta, or else where. Hell as near home as possible for many reasons. New York might already be in receipt of Bermuda shipments, and it will be better to avoid competition. Keep the onions for market dry. The more manure you apply the earlier the crop, and the larger the yield. J. Wofford Tucker. Yard Manure. Every farmer has the material on his own farm to enrich it. llow shall lie apply them? llow make his com post heaps ? I answer, with his yard manure, and the soil mixed with it; and in the room of ashes or lime, to make it decompose, give me hog's noses. Writeramav talk about their chemical or mineral agents, but for me give me hogs. Yes, keep hogs. Keep them in your manure cellars, and throw in your coarse materials; their noses will sooner decompose a soil than all t he nostrums of the chem ist. Hogs will work better than Irish men, whose trade is to spade and toss up the earth. Hogs will work seven days in the week, while you must he pretty lucky to find a human laborer who will serve you faithfully through six. If a farmer has a dozen head of cattle, he may make 50 cords or 200 loads of excellent manure every year. From, say the first of July to Sep tember, he must occasionally haul in other materials. Persons living near the city may buy manures, hut those living some ten miles away cannot afford to haul it to their farms. 1, f. .r one, would not want to haul it, for I make ju-t a good for le-s than half what it would cost me in Boston. Some farmers with 40 head of cattle, I am s<>rry to say, make less manure than others with but seven head. But I would not advise any of my friends to follow tin* example of the farmer with tin 40 head. My advice to all is, keep cattle ; make your hogs work—no labor is cheaper than hog labor, and none brim's a he ter re turn. —MatPnen < metis Ploughman. Fkkdivo Eggshells to Hess.— It is at best :t thoughtless i<hy t feed eggshells to liens, for they are composed of worn out, matter which has answered its purpose and is <lis. charged, in a valuable capacit y cer tainly, but Useless because, like cal cined plaster, h is refitted too much to bear using a second time. Then the quantity of lime it makes is so inconsiderable shells of a dozen ordinary eggs weighing only about 24 ounces), shows one who considers it for a moment that the danger of teaching our hens to be egg-eaters in the nest is in no measure compensated for by this foolish practice. Atten tion to the minuter.t particulars is necessary to insure the best results with poultry. K,* watchful, and learn sotneihing practical from observation of the natural habits of yonr flock. Early Potatoes. Much interest is manifested among growers in the Early Ohio potato, as a variety which reaches maturity ear lier, and is better than the Early Rose. This variety we planted last year, and the crop was highly satis factory. We incline to regard it as about a week earlier than the Rose, and is more prolific and of excellent quality. It needs, however, care and a good rich soil to obtain the best re sults. We obtained the largest and earliest tubers where we used whole seed, and fertilized with pure super phosphate in the trenches. Super phosphate and potash give to the po tato crop the kind of nutriment i* re quires.—'Ex. A Liquid Manure Cistern. “ W. K,” Jersey ville, 111., sends a plan to the American Agriculturist for constructing a liquid manure cis tern in the barn yard for receiving the drainage from tlu stables and the yards. It is not intended for the rain water from the roofs, although if this were permitted to flow into it, and the manure pumped out and spread upon grass land occasionally, it would be advisable. The cistern is nine feet square and lined w’ith brick. A brick wall, inclosing a space three feet square, is built in the centre, and several openings are made in this wall, which is for the purpose of sup port it g the covering. The covering is of flat stone, three feet square, and there are nine of these laid. The cis tern may be made as deep as may he desirable. It luts eight square feet of surface, and for each foot in depth will contain twenty barrels. If seven and a half feet deep it will hold 150 barrels, which will give a very good manuring to one acre of ground at the rate of nearly one barrel of the liquid fertilizer to the square rod. A square hole may he cut in the centre stone to receive a pump. Doctors, Sun and Air. The air of the rooms we live in is more or less alive with germs. Sun light. with the air will kill them, sun light without air won’t kill them; con sequently sunlight and ventilation are essential eorditions of health, and there must be at least two hours of sunlight to produce effective re sults. It is neither necessary nor de sirable to allow the scorching sun to pour through our windows all day long, but we must have enough of it to keep our houses sweet and fresh, or we must suffer the consequences. We may keep our houses open till 10 o’clock in the morning, and then close them during the heat of the day, reopening them in the afternoon when the noontide fervors are over. The amount of a good round doctor’s bill for attendance on a case of diph theria or typhoid fever will amply suffice to put wire nettings over all our doors and windows so that no troublesome insect can find entrance, while sunlight and air may freely distil upon us their blessing. How to Make Cows Give Milk. A writer in the Southern Farmer says that his cow gives all the milk that is wanted in a family of eight,, and that from it, after taking all that is required f>r other purpose*, 260 |MMind* of butter were made this year. Tni- is in part his treatment of the e.iw; “If you de>ire to get a large yield of rich milk, give your cow every day water slight tv warm and tdi 'ldly salted in which bran lias been stirred at. the rate of one quart to two gallons ol water. You will find if you have not, tried dadv p active that vo.ir cow will give 25 per ei nt* more milk iminediatelv under the iff ds oi it, and she will beeome so attaebed to ilie diet as to refuse to drink clear water unless very thirsty. But this mess she will drink al uost any time, and M'k tor more. Tile amount ol tdds drink necessary is an ordinary water pailful at a time, morning, nont and night.” TV TUK CIUI’UIT GOUKT—7tli Judicial Circuit, Volusia county. William Allan vs. M. M. Hedges and Jose pneue Al. Hodges. Attachment. Dam ages, sum The defendants and alio 1 liorsinterested, are hereby notified of the commencement of thi > suit, that un attachment has be n issued, and that they a o required to ap pear and plead to the declnra ion filed in said cause, on or before the rule day in Sept ‘miter next, —September 2d, 1878. H v 29.1878. JOHN B. BTTCKNEY, C. B. BUCKNOR. m>29tu3 Plff’s Attya. SHERIFF’S SALE.—Under and by virtue of an execution issued out of and under the seal of the circnit court, w erein William Allan is plaintiff snd Jacob K. R Oakley is defendant, I will sell at public* outcry in front of the Court House door at Enterprise. Volusia c utitv. Florida, on Monday, t!ie Ist day of J uly, A. D.1878, the following described real estate, to-wit: The south half of the west half of lot. 5. in section ten, township sixteen, s. range thirry-throe cast,in Volusia county, Florida. Purchaser paving for ti. lc->. May 2b, 1878. W. A. CONE, m.v29w5 Sheriff of Volusia co. SHERIFF’S SALE.—Under and by virtue of an execution issued out. of and under the seal of the circuitcourt, wherein William Allan is plaintiff and William W. Trask is defendant, I will sell at pnbiio outcry in front of the Court Houe door at Enterprise, Volusia county, Florida, on Monday, rhe Ist day of July, A. I). 1878, the following described real estate, to-wit: The north half of the west half • f lot 5. of section ten, in township sixteen, south of range thirty-three east, containing twenty acres, more or less, in Volusia county, State of Florida. Purchaser to pay for titles. May 29.1878. W. A. CONE. my29ws Sheriff of Volu da co. IN THE COUNTY COURT and • of Probate, Volusia county. In tbe Administration of the Estate of Arthur Rossetter, Jr., dececasod: Notice is hereby given that 1 have been, by the County Judge of Volusia connty. appointed administrator of the above estate, and that all persons having claims against the same are requested to file th i same with me duiy authenticated without delay, and all per sons indebted to the said estate are re quested to make settlement forthwith. Beresford P. 0., Volusia co. Feb’v 36,1878. A. I’. ROSSF.ITEK, feb2B-6m Adm mistral or. I N EQUITY —In the Circuit Court, * Seventh Judicial Circuit, Florida, Vo lusia countv. Nathaniel Hasty vs. W. Howell Robinson: Bill for foreclosure of mortgage. It appearing from the affidavit of the solicitor for the complainant in I his action that the defendant, W. Howell Robinson, resides out of the state or Florida, to-wit, in the state of Illinois: 11 is ordered that the said defendant do appear and answer the bill filed herein on or before the first Monday of July, A. D. 1878, otherwise said bill will betaken pro confesso against him. It is further ordered that notice of this order be given to defendant by publishing the same in the ‘‘Volusia County Herald,” a newspaper published in Volu-ia eonntv, tor four months previous to the first Mon day of July, A. D. 1878. Witness, John W. Dickins, clerk of said court and the seal of said court, this (1.5.) 14th day of February. A. I). 1878. JOHN IV. DICKINS. clerk. State of Florida, Volusia County, ss.—l, John W. Dickins, clerk of the circuit, court within aud for the county and state afore said. do hereby certify that the foreg >ing is a true copy of an order of publication in the above entitled action and on file in my office.* Witness my band and official seal this 14th day of February, A. D. 1878. Feb’v 14,1878. JOHN W. DICKINS. feb2l-4m * Clerk. C.B. Bucknor, Comp’lts Solicitor. rN CIRCUIT COURT, Seventh Judicial Circuit of Florida, Volusia- County. In Chancery. William \Y. Sharpe, and Mary A. Arm strong vs. Michael Sharpe, John D. Sharpe and Flovd Slia-cpe Petition lor Partition. It appearing from the Petition for Parti tion or lot four, seel ion three, township 16, range 83, S. & E.. bled in this case, that the defendants reside out of the State of Flori da, to wit. Michael Sbarpeaiid John Sharpe in the State of Sonih Carolina, and Flovd Sharpe in the State of Louisana, where,the ordinary course of law caimot be served upou them. Therefore: It is ordered that a hearing be had on the facts charged in said Peti tion on the first Monday of July, A. 1). 1878, at the C urt. House at Enterprise, Volusia County, Florida, and that the said defend ants, do appear, plead, answer or demur to said Petition on file, in default of which a partition of said land will he made as prayed for in said Petition. It is further ordered that this order be published in the “Volusia County Herald” once a week for 8 weeks before that time. Done and Ordered at Chamhes. Win. Archer Cocke, Judge Seventh Judi cial Circuit. April 16tfi 1878. State of Florida, County of Volusia, ss— I, John W. Dickens, clerk of the Circuit Court, do hereby certify that the foregoing is a true and correct copy of anjorder on file in my office. Witness, John W. Dickens clerk of the Circuit Court and the seal of said Court at the Court. House at Enterprise, Volusia County, Florida, April 22nd, 1878. JNO. VV. DICKINS, Clerk. Jno. W. Prick, Attorney for Petitioners. Ap2s, 8w * [ N TIIE CIRCUIT COUR T for the I Seventh Judical Circnit of Florida— Voltisi v, county. In the matter f the petition of Wil iam A. Cone, sheriff of the county f Volu ia and ex-officio administrator “f the estate of P.niiemon Wilhite, deceased Under and pursuant to an order made in I he above cause by the Hon. William A. Cocke, Circuit Judge* dated Ala 180 i, 1878, 1 will sell on Monday, July Ist, 1878, at tee Court House at Euterpeise, in said county, between the usual hours of salo on that day, t< o following described premises: A tract or parcel of land lying and situate in the town of Volusia, county of Volusia and State of Florida, and kuowu and des cribed as •‘beginning at the southwest corner of a lot. known as the Doyle lot, on the bank of the St. Johns riv. r; thence in an easterly direction one hundr and and live feet with the line of the sain Do vie lot; thence in a southerly direction one hun dred and five feet to a stake; thence in a westerly direction one hundred and five leet to a stake on the bank of tne 8.. Johns river; thence along rhe bunk of said river to the place of beginning, being oue-fourtb of au acre, more or less. Terms cash, the purchaser paving for titles. Dated May 201 h. 1878. _ JOHN AULB. my29ws Commissioner.